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THE OLD AND THE NEW NAVY. Marked Difference Between the Service on the Old - Style Wooden Frigates and on the New Corvettes of the Navy. Objects That Were Familiar on the Ancient Woodensides Are Missed on Board of the Steel- Walled Vessels. C pT would be difficult to find a more ] [ vivid illustration of naval progress [ \ than is afforded by tUe new steel S r cruiser Philadelphia when taken in I I comparison with the wooden steam I- — -3 frigates aid corvettes of our navy. The contrast between the two is as sharply drawn as black and white. To one who has served any length of time in the old navy, to which category the wooden ships have been relegated -inc.- the advent of the steel cruis <•:?, a chance to a vessel of the Phila delphia type seems like breaking with the past and beginning a Lew life and occupation. The eye searches in vain for some familiar object; nowhere is found a point of resemblance between the old navy .:r,il the representative of the new. From construction to routine everything is differ ent. The mariners of the piping times of reef tackles and royal yards look regretfully at her stumps of military masts, and make a mental calculation of how lons it would be before his lifelines uurove should ths ship be on a l>'o shore and some part of that mass Hi complicated machinery beneath him got out of order. And this absence of soar? and consequent exemption from drill, writes a correspond ent from on board the Philadelphia to the New Voik Time*, with spars and sail, W one of the first things noticeable to one ac cu-torued to the heavily sparred ships of the wtit.d-n navy. In those the call ol the boatswain, "A-a-11 hands" send up or send down something, repeated hy his mate on Hie lower decks, sends every one tumbling up from below several times a day. This is never heard on the Philadel phia, as the attractive, showy, somewhat risky, anil entirely useless sail and spar drill i- impracticable on a ship that carries neither sail no r?par*. With these dashing evolu tions aloft so fine aid striking, so highly prize I by First Lieutenants when tlouu smartly, and of so little value withal, it has Ix en a matter of much conjecture as to what in iet the tiTi.Tve.sc-nt energy of executives would find "ii ships where such drills have the rai-rit of being impossible. None the lets blustering and obsolete is the exercise at "general quarters" in vogue on the wooden ships, two of which are at tached to the squadron. For the purpose of illustrating tiie change in drills that the new shins have brought about, it will be ueees tary to give an idea of how they arc con ducted on the aid. The exercise of "CI.EAB SHIP FOB ACTION," '. -.' For instance, is something more than elab orate .Not long since it was the writer's fortune to lie on board one of the old clnss when tills order was given. Instantly tlio qnii't, orderly groups of men about theileeks were in motion, the torineu swarming aloft, marine) tossing hammocks out of the net lings to be used as barricade* for the sharp shooters, while the powder division scram bled down hatchways to receive and stow articles which another division was sending below. Preventer brace* were rove off, back slays ' snaked down " by a painful pro ofs, light yards and masts sent from aloft, and splinter nettings stretched along the bulwarks. Awnings, billiard-racks, ladders, nil the in i.. her articles about deck liable to umber the movemei.ts of the crew, or binder the expeditious killing of somebody in the mimic fray, w. re tumbled pelhnell down the hatches. Finally, when all was snug aloft and the decks clear of everything but the paraphernalia of battle, another order was given and the sharp rattle of the drum sounded to "general quarters." At tha first tap th» gun crews Rwanned like bees around their respective guns. Quoins were knocked away, lashing cast adrift, the guns, when released from their confinement, run in, loadei aud run out. Presently an incautious enemy on the board beam got a broadside. • Simultane ously another appeared on the port hand, and the order, " Alan both shies— every other gun with a full crew," w.?s heard. Across the -deck two etui divisions went, tumbling over ramrods, sponges and each other, only to find the elusive foe dead ahead. "Prepare for raKing lire from forward" was the next order, and, in obedience to it, the men crouched behind mm carriages, hatches, anything that offered protection from the deadly ei,d-ou fire. Presently the enemy gained the forecastle, evidently with blood in his eye, and the order, Rally on the quarter deck," was given, supplemented by the command. "Retreat firing." Tiie crew streamed aft, firing as they went. A howit zer loaded with canister blocked one side of the deck— a Gatling grinned threateningly down the other. The boarders, with bare cutlass in one hand and revolver that wouldn't revolve in the other, crouched he hind the pieces. The marines and rifle men fixed bayonets and fell in rear. Clear and sharp came the next command, "Fire, charge and clear the decks." The primers snapped in the howitzer, the locks of the Galling clicked like a policeman's rattle, and a hundred crouching forms bounded forward on the trail of tne dis comfited eutmv. Scrambling over the pivot gun carriage they swarmed up the forecastle ladder.-', and as the order, "Hoard with it cheer" reached tivein, rush d to the rail with a flourish of cutlasses and a deaf ening cheer. The drill has a (treat deal of swagger about it, is very showy and very useful for divert- In: visitors, but beyond that it is as useless and obseletu for fighting purposes as the bow and-anow drill of the ancients. IX STBXKIXa COVTISAST ls>t.he exercise for iiction, as conducted on tne Philadelphia. But little preparation is needed, as the vessel is always ready. That little consists in hoisting ammunition for tlu rapid-tire guns in tho tups, getting urapnels over the stern to cli ar propeller in case of fouling, r.pjiintf torpedo gear, opening maga zine, and all i< ready. At '^quarters" Hie euii crews cluster behind the steel shields of their respective sui;t. The order " Load with battering shell" is given, and t !n; breech blocks are thrown open. " bix thousand yard?, abeam," comes the order, as an cflicer with a sextant gives (he range, and " First Division train ahead." The sunlight slips along the blue-steel lubes as they arc rapidly revolved in obedience to the command. There is no noise, no talK. A3 the long guns come to rest in a direction parallel to the keel, the officer of the division raises his right hand, signifying tnat the order hns been executed. The eye of the alert executive catches the movement and the signal is ac knowledged by a nod. In place ol the hand to-hand encounter with boarders tfitii its satisfactory and Improbable result, tho gun Captains, after the sicmin;; and training exercises an? completed. Hie given an order equivalent to "wlieuever you see a bead hit it." Tlie idea in this is to train Ihe eye and judgment of the men who pull the lock strings. Instructions with torpedo appli ance* arid manipulations and care of the many other innovations of modern naval warfare displace the old-timo exercises. One thing that Jack flndi it hard to get used to on the new vessels is the unassum ing manner in which the anchor is gotten up. A'- DStomed to considering this quite an event, and quite a Job as well, the steam capstan has robbed it of both attributes. No more whirling around on the bars to some merry tun* of the fife. It is not even necessary to call all hands. The officer on the bridge presses an electric button, the steam capstan is put in motion, and in a few moments the massive anchor is dangling fri.ni the cathead. The marluer accustomed to gun decks whose long, wide swerj) was wholly clear, save for the row of Dalilprcen guns gaping through the port-holes, is disconcerted to find on the Philadelphia his vision limited to a few square feet. - Cofferdams and coal scuttles restrict hire in one direction, water tight compartments find steam drum rooms shut him In in another. 'Among other, things Jack hero ri .da something new in his sleeping arrangements. The bed-room of his experience was a berth deck unob structed from the after bulkhead to the for ward part of the ship. . On the Philadelphia be finds himself cloistered in various nooks, THE MORNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1890-SIXTEEN PAGES. in the torpedo compartment, ordnance ftore room, bold— wherever, in fact, there Isriom for two liuinmock books and space 1 1 swing between. The shriekine whistle, or siren, as it is facetiously termed, Is used ns an alarm in cases <>f sodden danger, inch a collision etc., and is a signal to close all compartments. Should this nrcur at night many sleeyers would liud thomselves in closed IX TEMPORARY SWEAT-BOXES. A nightfall at sea In place of the old-time call of the boatswain's mate, "Get out the running light?, station the deck lookouts," the signal quartermaster at sni down simply turns a button at the foot of the foremast and an electric light is distilled through its green bulb on the starboard side. Another button is turned and a rrd one Hashes from the port side. One more, ami the steaming light streams like the headlight of a loco motive from the foremost head. Such, briefly stated, are a few of the most striking changes, but there are innumerable others. Life- on one of the old-style ships wr.s often an unsatisfying thine, frequently a penanca and a woe, but there was a breeziness about it, a blue- water flavor which Is absent in tho modern engines of war. After all it is only a sentiment. A cray-bearded Admiral in a service journal fays: " If my brothey officers will just recall to their minds for one moment these things they will see how strong that sentiment is. You have been thrashing against a foul wind for days, perhaps weeks, and you are sick and tired ol it. Suddenly, some tine after noon, when you are thrashing and pound ing, and wretched and miserable and wet, a pipe Koe?, 'Watch, trim sails.' You have a sudden silence throughout the ship, all listening for what is coming. The officer of the watch cries 'Weather after braces. 1 In stantly there- is a splendid cheer throughout the ship. The elements had been beating you; you bad by chance overcome the ele ments. That was in the old days. Now the elements never beat you; you start with be ing their master. There is no light, no tire and no romance. The romance of the iron clad and the romance of steam and the ro mance of heavy guns will come by and by, and the poetry of it will come, too," Meanwhile the old tar, as a rule, finds it hard to get accustomed to the innovations. Here is the lament of one of these: Oh, how sadly times have changed Bue6 ><p first hailed me a; a tenant— The snips of nowadays can boast ... . . ' Scarce spars enongu to fly a pennant. Our berth-decks arc go close am! dark We scarcely know the night from morning, The marline spike Is out of date, The canvas only used for awning. The very language of the sea lias undergone strange alteration. We never "spile e Hie main brace* now, That's not Included In the ration. V Shiver my limbers" was a phrase That cave a yarn peculiar merit. Or added Force to our Ideas, Hut now It's changed to "Swash my turret." There used to be a yarn In vogue About three fools who took a notion To make a voyage In a tut) To distant lands beyond the ocean. But could IJecatur's sbade appear On eartli I guess 'twould raise his mettle To see the tars nx nowadays Uolug to sen In a blooming kettle. A MAHTYK JO BAKIJAKISM. iJF Missi nnry from Boston— Onat Athens! you are. surely not going to cook me without proyer seasoning?— N. Y. Herald. Japanese Artfsls. Tlib Listener of the Boston Transcript tells how Japnncse artists work, ami younc art-students who do not "sell their work" will do well to ponder the fact. "If a Japnoe-tO artist is to paint a flower lie dues nut think of tins a specimen and si (Una down in (Sold blood to punt it, as o;;r flower artists do, but goes to t'ue conntry just when the (lower is putting forth it's leaves in spring. He establishes his resi dence near the plant; ho sees it put forth its flower stem and it buds, and watches the opening of the flower. His vigil does not end even with the falling of the flower's leaf; he. watches it in its decline as well as in its growth, and leaves It only when it has strewn its seeds upon the ground. Then, and only then, docs he consider himself com petent to paint it." IN A LONDON PLAY-HOUSE. Evening Costumes Dimly Seen Amid (he Shadows. Ereii of Mis. A'ma Tedtma and Embroidered G . u2-a of the Bcgnm of Bensrnl-NsW Flower Gowns— Kotten Kow. f^OXDON, Oct. IX— What a cavern of I =j^-' shadows is a London theater— dim, *■«*' brown and dingy — where the pals gas light struggles with the mink and the jewds at the throats of the ladies Sash from dark cornels like stars. One is tempted to won der if a scientist could discover in London ers any trace of a modification of the eyes. Like owls, which see at night, the English woman seems to perform the ordinary fuue- Uons of life Without difficulty in tho candle darkened houses of a city where, if any where, the cheerful electric-light cries out with a great cry to be allowed to disper-e the gloom. Gcraldint; Uliuar is singing to great ap proval, and my neighbor in the next stall wears wound about her throat diamonds that blaze and rubies that burn. The masses of precious sti nes all over the house glitter like many colored fruit in Aladdin's cave. Everywhere about me full and radiant arms Thr UtrdlHa Hat. and shouldeH are uncovered, their fair whiteness dimly seen giving to the picture all the effect of (square-shouldered, tilted nosed) houris shining throueh the fog of a (ire mi. .Everywhere in the half twilight I nm con scious of filmy ball gowns, iuch as Ameri can theater-goers would hardly sport even at the Metropolitan Opera House, and which stand out oddly against the background of the dull, hi-ii v v upholstery. Gossamer laces and fairy mulls sway mistily to meet sump tuous brocades, plastrons stiff with gold needlework and bodices gleaming with sil ver saloon. There Is an Indistinct vision of the lilch rolling collars lined with feathers and the fantastic, shoves of the fair i:nd famous queens of tlicKnglish: court of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries minellng with the soft, fluttering ruffs that faintly re call the statelier flutings which encircled the neck of Kliznb-'ih when she was crowned the Virgin Queen. There are broad bands of fur warming uncovered bosoms, and Hup ping frills and battleraented- epaulet*,- and' deep tea-tinted ruffles veiling ringed hands. There is a smell of roses and waving of rib bons, and the eyes arc strained to follow the beautiful fineness cf the traceries and the cxqulsiteness of the embroidery. It is like a night meeting of fair conspirators, but — the dowager in front is a mountain of beef, and they tell me there would be ghastly revelations of paint and washes if the lights were tuned high. ■ • ..-,;.: Her Highness, the Xawab lieguni of Ben gal, is in the audience with a number of at tendants. She is not an especially prepos sessing individual, with her small, slight figure, sallow face and dark eves gleaming from deep socket*. . but her lone trailing dress, made up of layer on layer of the finest gauze, is strange enough to Western eyes to be worth a word of description. . . Its sleeves are wide and hanging, and its collar, high like Maria of, Medicis. : The outer draperies have a yellowish whiteness, like old ivory. They are worked with dragons' heads and quickly Hying birds in pale vaporous tints of green, yellow and violet. Where the robe falls apart one catches hints of delicate in ner draperies of old gold ami blue, m.trvel ousiy ornamented with grotesque animals. The embroidery is so fine as to be almost as transparent a< thfl gauzn on which it is worked , mid the whole co-tunic leaves an ever-changing, misty, weird impression. The wife of Alma Tadeina, the painter, herself au artist, is another auditor. Her face is a sensitive one. changing with every motif of tne mutfc, and her gown might have come out of a picture or expect to go into one. lier silver gray silk is soft and straight and fall, tied about the waist with a girdle of 6<'!il and silver passementerie. White i^§>- Ji&^ Xcio Flmrrr Drfssctt. ruffles cling abnnt the wrists of tho quaint sleeves, full at the shoulders, tight fiom tho elbows. A knot of rich golden brown vel vety eiiny.-irithe munis thrust into the bosom gives wonderful point and piquancy. Mrs. Crawford, the famous Paris cor respondent, is spending a couple of davs-on the English side of the channel, and though her forte is not dress, news the phenomenal quickness of attention and aleitness that show so clearly in her face comn out again inmost Intelligent dressing. Hit costume is heliotrope silk, trimmed with fur. It hns the new full Henry II hips, the material slashed Into hnlf-nifh strips, jet covered and showing black laoa beneath, firming pomps. The whole bodice-front is arranged in the same. way. If there must he bazaars, the pretty cos tumes worn by some of the clever English stall tenders must he regarded in the light of mitigations. The Princess Louise, who seems to be regarded as the flower of the ir^ On Ihr. Kow. roynl flock, opened one at Richmond in aid of one of tiie innumerable tilings that are, always wanting tliis hard worked family to receive "purses of nut less thiin £1" for their assistance, a few days ago, at \vlii:h the booths were presided over by young ladies in flower gowns. A poppy rtiess was quaint and charming, made ol pale green crepe, de chine the color of Doppy biuls and leaves, with bright scarlet petata falling from the elbow sleeves and from the poppy cap of niousseline de soie, wired at the edge to keep it stiff, and tied witti dark purple velvet strings. The same dwp violet color stolen from the center oi the flower ennie out in i soft masses of chenille in the folds of the bodice, inside the cap and lining the sleeves. A carnation gown as made of soft green "Liberty" silk with pink sleeves and ra» petals pinked at the edges and pale pink bodice folds. The prettiest frock of all, per haps, was a pale yellow chrysanthemum i dress gotten up in much the same fashion, with touches of reddish sold. A group of girls reminds one oddly this autumn of the flocks of gulls that circle and sweep about outgoing and Incoming steamers at Queenstown. With every look, every word, lone-pointed wings and birds' tails are thrust prrkishly up in the air. When half a dozen are chatting the rakish feathers dip and rise at piratical angles. A smart hat seen at tiic Koinerville Club yesterday after noon was in folds of cream-colored velvet fastened with gold buckles, a couple of birds with dark bottle-green plumage tilting and and all but twittering behind. A small hat of fawn-colored felt was equally pretty, bordered with a wide band of black astra khan. Two straps of black velvet embroid ered with steel, rested on the hair behind, and black ostrich tips and fancy velvet were the crown trimmings. A trim costume in yesterday's parade on the How was perhaps especially pretty be cause worn by a bright and buxom English girl. The bodice of coppery brown cloth had sleeves of coppery gold brocade tied in pull's between the shoulders and elbows. Black velvet ribbon strings held a little muff of coppery felt, on the top of which,, in a knot of brown velvet, sat a butterfly, a copper and black and cold. If you looked above its wearer':) eyes you saw a large hat in brown felt, with a twist of copper velvet under neath and resting on the hair. The crown was hidden miner a large box-plait of cop pery gold velvet and a tiinimiug of long ola ostrich feathers. London dames are wearing three-quarter length capes of fawn or heliotrope cloth with feather-lined collars and gold-embroidered yokes, edged with black astrakhan. Mrs. Cnmyns Cut wears a pelisse of ruby and black velvet with a sort of cape of jetted gui pure. .Scarlet opera wraps Hash everywhere, edged with ermine and with white silk lin ings. Scarlet jackets bruhton -the fog^y city; they hate astrnkhau vests and collars and are covered with embroidery or braiding. Copyright. . Eli.ex Osborx. UEALItsTIC BAHN-STOKMING. . A Star Who I* Fired On Is Forced to Explain. j: ' "We were playing in a small town back in the seventies," STiid a theatrical man, "when our leveling heavy man had rather a tough experience. All the miners were, in the theater. Well, the heavy man hail been persecuting a poor maiden through two acts. In the third act he came to the power ful scene of the play. 'At last.' he said, 'I have you in my power, and nothing on earth can save you. I, who was the slave, .am now the master.' So saying, he advanced toward his trembling victim. " 'Mercy I' she moaned. " 'Mercy !' lie retorted. 'You had no mercy for me and I will have none for you.' "At that moment a emit voice was heard from th- gallery: 'You blamed varmint, I'll I settle with you.' There was a crack of a pistol and a bullet whizzed near the heavy man. Ting the. son of a sun, boys,' contin ued the voice, and a shower of bullets sa luted the stage villain, lie didn't stop lone, but fled Irom the stage. ' "In the wing he met the stage manager, who whs white with auirer. " 'Yon have broken up the scene,' he said. '•Well?' :■: '■ -■ . " 'Go back on the stage, sir, and wait for your exit.' i ~ "'I guess not.' " '1 tell you I wont have a man in my com pany who is so easily disconcerted. Go on with the scene, or you leave the company to morrow.' - "That was serious. To be stranded in that forsaken town was calculated to make the heavy man appreciative. "'l'll go back,' lie said. • "He tore off his wig just before going on, and, stepping down to the footlights with an injured expression of countenance lie said: " 'Ladies am] ■ gentlemen (there were no ladies there, but that didn't matter), with your kind permission I ill resume the scene, ilefore doing so, however, I want to call your attention to the. fact that the young lady and myself are merely acting parts. In reality we are tlio best of friends. I bear you no ill-will for your display of heroic chivalry. . 1 trust, however, that you will curb your generous sentiments, for if you should . hit me ' the i play would be Inter rupted. * If any of tilts gentlemen will meet me after the show at JleCarty's they will find out lam not a bad fellow,'. ■- -■ - • ;: ' "Loud cheers greeted this speech and the play wus resumed." GHOSTS IN COAL MINES. Dark Galleries and Passages Where the Spooks Wander. Superstitious Hlneri— Phantoms Which Haunt Disused Workings and Give Warnings of Impending Danger. ■p^E bituminous coal mines in the cen ■fel^6 tral portiou of Pennsylvania differ jl^* radically from the colleries of the an thracite regions, for whereas the latter mines as a rule consist of deep shafts, from the sides and bottoms of which diverge tho tunnels or workings, the former, on account of the mountainous country and the near ness o£ the coal to the surface, are rarely other than stopi'3, "drifts" or "banks," that i.i, simply excavations in the hillside, ex tending under the ground sometimes for miles. After a mine lias '.teen worked for a few years the earth becomes veritably honey combed with galleries and passages, which, being abandoned, are left open and un marked, the operators relying upon the miners' knowledge of the plans to prevent their going astray, or even if a workman should get into an old drift his light would soon show Mm his error. It is extremely dangerous, however, even for an experienced miner to attempt to grope his way into orout ol a mine without a lamp, fur lie may un consciously wander into a side gallery,' and be led directly away from the desired point. Happily for him if losing his way is at tended by no serious consequences, for it Is by no means unknown fur persons straying into disused galleries to fall into shafts sunk for testing the thickness of the vein, and there, far distant from human aid, polish from wounds or hunger. An other and a more uncanny danger which encompasses the wanderer in abandoned workings are those gal leries where the vein "dips," that Is, de scends in an oblique direction into the earth. When the miners reach a "dip," the down ward course of the vein is followed until it again assumes a horizontal position or it is demonstrated the dip is too dec;) to warrant further working. In the latter event the excavation very quickly tills up with water, and an eerie sensation steals over one who gazes on one of these underground lakes of unknown deepness lying quiet and black, under the flickering torchlight. •\VORKIN« AI.O.VE IN TIIE DEPTHS Of the earth, .miners are oftentimes ex tremely superstitious, und the recurrence of anything which they have learned to regard as an omen is sufficient to cause them to quit work. Strange sights mill sounds arc claimed to be heard aud seen by these toilers. A few years since an old trust worthy : miner came from his working in one of the principal colleries at noon and announced his intention of quittng work for the day. When pressed for a reason ho demurred at giving one, but finally stated that when bard at work in a new room, far distant from any other cham ber, he had heard the measured tolling of a church bell, lie was laughed at, but per sisted in going hump, and subsequent events proved his good fortune in so doing, for be fore night the entire gallery in which he had been working caved in, and it was only by chance that a large number of miners were not buried under the dirt and clay. - Other mines have the reputation ot being haunted, and . there are disused workings into which the men could not be tempted to enter. Sometimes the. phantom takes the shape of an uncouth beast, of which large fiery eyes gleaming * through the darkness form the chief component part; in others the spirit of some comrade miner, whose life has been crushed out in one of the frequent casualties, stalks through the galleries pick in hand and lamp burning in his cap. Not a sound does he make, but slowly traversing the main gallery he goes to the point at which his body was found and disappears. The nous spreads ■' through : the mine that old , Jemmy has been . seen, and with one accord the miners throw down 'their tools and dock homeward to escape the disaster the spectacle is said to betoken. " Sometimes these tales assume a darker hue.' It is related that in an old mine which bad been worked for many years, aud which PAGES 13 to 16. was a network of tunnels a certain miner, met his death under a heavy fall of earth, while his companion laborer was unhurt. At the time there was considerable talk i f the affair and some hinted darkly that per haps rcon tims death Was not accidental after all. Nothing w.is done, liowaver, aD<l the subject lost interest and died out. Tim's fellow-miner, Jack, toiled as of yorp, but it was noticed he never approached the spot where he lmi 60 nar rowly escaped dentl), nor would he traverse the galleries a!. me. One day when he and :i number of others were working together in a new drift as yet not opened, far from the branch gallery connecting with tho main tunnel, their one large torch went out and they were left in darkness. One of the oldest and most experienced miners volunteered to go to the nearest working and relight the lamp, and the oth ers ceased toil and to:ik tho opportunity fo" a few minutes' rest. For a few second 1 " after the footsteps of their comrades die' away none spoke. Theu a voice which al' recognized as Jack's broke thn silencel "There, boys, thero goes some one with a lamp. I'll catch him and get a li.ht." All eyes were turned toward the gallery, but nothing met their gaze. " You had better come back. Jack," one of the men sbonted after him, but thinking that possibly he had seen a miner pa*s the mouth of the room, no further attention was given the matter. A few seconds passed and suddenly a. hoarse yell of terror burst upon the ears of the waiting men. "Tim. 1 oh. Hod, Tiiii!" then silence, then another yell of horror and a sound as of a heavy body falling Intodeeo water. "Heavens, boys. Jack's tumbled int* the test hole," ejaculated one of the men. Well knowing the uselessness of st irting in quest of the poor victim in the darkness and, indeed, quaking with inward terror, thu miners awaited the coming of alight, which, after what seemed to them an age, ifciaily appeared. The party hastei.ed to the tes: hule, a pit sunk years ago in a chamber long disused, and there, tlrating on the surface <>f tho water twenty feet below was the boiiy of Jack. When brought to the tight of day a sharp, deep wound on the miner's fore head showed death had been instmitnneous. Orders were at once given to trail up thd entrance ta the fatal chamber, and now its very existence is unknown to the miners working in thccolliery.— PliiladelphiaTimes. CONTEMPTUOUS CONFIDENCE. Aniatenr Sportsman — I wonder what these cusseu fouls are laughing at?— X.Y. ilerald- Jewrlfl of tile Astom. The Astor family possess some wouder fiil jewels, Darticularly diamonds. The lata Mr-. John Jacob Astor used to wear a tiara that few of the crowned heads of Europe could match. Mrs. Williun Astor wears a beautiful riviere of diamonds, three rows graduated. Mie also possesses a famous diamond necklace of six strings, set in such a manner that no gold is visible, ;m<l having tlieappeiirmu'i) ot being strung together. Mr. Astor is constantly having it altered, and increasing its brilliancy and value by the addi lion of larger diamonds in place of small ones. There are some lino emeralds in the family, but no member seems to care much about display, and, except on rare oc casious, these jewels are not worn. One of luxiiei'tnr Byrnes' detectives, who stood in full evening dress in a brilliant ball-room ou the crest of Murray Hill one night last win ter, where Mrs. Astor and all the wealth of New York were present, said : " There is nearly 85,000,000 worth of Jewelry aud dia monds in this room." Valuable g'-ms glit tered and Glistened in the gaslight like rain drops in the sun.— Foster Coatos, in Ladier Home Journal. ___ Cholly— l think I shall sign as catcher with some base-ball team next seasou, my dean ebaopie. Chappie— Why, what put that Into your head? Cholly— O, I think I'm splendidly quali fled. Almost everywhere I've called tin; season I've canglit the people out. oeelf lia I lia:— Drake's Musiuiue.