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"JACKSON," OR THE STORY OF A SEA DOG. WRITTEN FOR THE SUNDAY CALL BY W. CLARK RUSSELL. T""-| JOBEKT RIDLEY is a retired niari- J Y:f ner. He never ruse to a higher grade I ;V' than that of second mate. In which capacity indeed be acted without a certifi cate, having for the most part of his life sailed in a species of ship upon whose com manders find officers the State makes few or ">• mi demands in an educational sense. Robert Itidley, having On several occa sions served as a sec ml mate, and once as an only ate, returned to his earlier condi lion of able seaman, and while still acting in thut capacity (jtiitted the ocpan forever and settled down as a gentleman ashore in a comfortable, little cottage by the seaside. This acliiev meat of independence the popu lation of a great maritime country will not for an instant suppose was the result of his commercial prosperity as a foremast hand. After twenty years of working like a dog at sea, all that Bobert Ridley had to show in the shape of "effect*" was comprised In a small sea-chest hr.lf full of ilothes and a suit of oil-kins, with perhaps a matter of eight rounds lodged in a rYsloftice Barings bank. No! My friend Bob Ridley gained an in dependence ii"t through old ocean— that most be--pirly of callings— but through an uncle who had been an Italian warehouse man, and who left the worthy fellow, 1 1 his astonishment nnd joy, the handsome sum (tn an able seaman) of si\; thoiisai d pounds. I was recently in the town where Bob Kid ley live*, and spent an hour with him. We smoked our pipes together, drank to each other in a glass of Hollands aid talked of the sea. He carried me into his little par- } fieri, and with much pride printed to the va rious flowers and to what he railed his kitchen-garden, h considerable bed of so 1 full of carrots, cabbage and the like At the ex tremity of his half acre of land stood a sum mer arbor, the fruit? of hi-; own skill, for he had been a ship's carpenter In his day, and few men were smarter with the chisel and the saw than be. On entering this building 1 observed a little wooden obelisk about three feet in height erected in the center of it. On the apex rested a piece of carving in wood, of which I could make neither head nor tail Upon the body of the obelisk were carved the words: IX MEMORY OF JACKSON. SUNDAY v |i\. MIXXXXXXV. At the binder base of this queer little structure was the model of a wreck. Many <liieer devices representing mermaids, the sun, anchor?, hearts, and so forth were art fully chiseled on the sides. 'Tray what have you here, Ridley?" saidl. "A memorial." he answered. "Ay, that's clear enough. But what sailor ! friend of yours lies buried here?" ">~o sailor friend at all," he answered laughing. "Jackson was a dog, and he, |X.or beast, doesn't lie here either. I wish he did. It won Id sometimes cive my mind a sort of satisfaction to feel that his remains lay sung under this here mark." "And what," cried I, peering at the little 1 it of earring on top of the obelisk, "is this?" •'lt's the portrait of the half of a vessel's cabnose, sir— a vessel that was lost en a Sunday morning." By the word "caboose" he signified galley, .or the kitchen of a little ship. I could now make out that it was the representation of the roof mid a portion of the sides of a ca boose, as hi called it, with a hole atup for the reception of a chimney. "I see there is a yarn here," said I. I "Sot much of a yarn," he answered; "jn>; the tale of a poor beast of a dog that in limp I got to love as truly as if he'd been a Christian man and a brother. That's where I fell in with him," said he, pointing to the niodel of the wreck, "and that," he added, indicating the fragment of miniature ca boose, "is where he died." 1 looked at my watch. "Come," said 1, "you shall tell me the story of Jackson whilst we sit here and Mi, ke our pipes and survey your clever piece of carpentry. There's no Lurry," arid to saying I seated myself and be alongside of me. slowly extracting a brass tobacco box out ' f bis breeches pocket as he did so. '■Well," be beean, with a sort of eroding I ok around the summer arbor, and then bringing his eyes to bear in a squint of earnest memory upon his obelisk, "this was how it fell out 1 was able seaman aboard ■ a little bark, and we were bound for the River Thames from Porto Allegre. We (ell in with a deal of bad weather which drove us well to the ean'ard, and then for three weeks we were stagnated with calms, so that putting the line weather along with the bad we reckoned that the vessel had lost her luck, and that ne'er a man of our little company was to . consider it. well with us till we were in a situation to pick up our bundles and step over the side on to good English dock-yard soil. It Is supposed that there are no sui er stitions now going at sea. Yon know better than that, sir. Any man with that notion in his head should have been aboard of us. The captain himself came forward one day and nailed a hoise-slioe to the mast. I re member being weak enough myself to lan. wit that there wasn't a Finn amongst as, so that we might have been able to say 'It's you, mate, that's the cause of these hero I calms and contrary gales,' and then have locked him up with nothing to eat until he . should have been coaxed by famine into correcting bis ill-nature and into giving us the breezes we wanted. "One- black night we were retching along under reefed topsails and theforecour.se. I was at the wheel. The bark having her nose to it put a spite into the wind, and a nasty sea was washing past. There was notliine to see but the white waier that would flush out in the darkness alongside as though the beams of an electric light were traveling round and round, touching the . ocean in places as they traveled. All on a sudden the mate, who was standing at tic weather rail just abreast of the skylight, erves a sort of shriek and then fell a-yelling; but there was no time for me to catch what he sail; tor whilst his cries were still ring ing, i just caught sight of a huge lump of blackness oozing out of the weather bow like a blacker night still coining down through the darkness upon us with one spark of light showing; but it wasn't green nor red, and whatM was I can't say. The next tenant we were in collision -with some ves sel; she caught us on the bluff of the bow and slewed us clean round with such a noise 'of splintering wood, of washing waters and of human cries that I've only got to recall it to /eel deaf. "She went clear and vanished, leaving us sinking. She had torn out our bows and wrecked, our spars forward, but she never showed a flan, never shifted her helm, never so much as batted us after she hail slipped past. She left us to our fate, and by that token I allow that she was a foreigner. We had to fail for the boats, so black was it, and God know* how we managed. The boats were slung in the old-fashioned style, dangling overboard at the end, of davits, and steadied by gripes. Had they I been stowed as the fashion now Is, every soul of us must have perished. The vessel was up in the wind without way, rolling briskly, and the curl of the loam off her .side to the smite of the sea showed us men who were ktaadlne on " the starboard side," the outline of the boat as we • lowered her. - We entered „ her in scrambling fashion by the tackles— five of us, leaving six . others of our company wrestling at the port falls: amongst them was the master and the two mates, and us five were men— hands as the term is. The moment the boat was liberated she blew away ; we never again saw the others, nor did we ever hear of them. '•When the day broke we were alone, nothing in sight, the hot sun tisine, nothing to drink but four bottles of red wine. Which a fellow amongst us who had acted as stew ard had brought along with him, and noth ing to eat bat as many broken bits of ship's bread as 'ud make about seven whole biscuits. "The outlook was not very encouraging, but, as you know, I was always of a very hopeful disposition, and therefore deter mined to make a brave tight for life. There was one thins that en raced me, and that was (lie thoroughly stanch and sea worthy condition of the boat in which I now found myself together with fo ir fel low-creatures adiift, with an ugly sea run ning. 1 say adrift, for, there was no mast and oniv one pair of oars in the boat, aad we hadn't strength to use them with any effect. 1 needn't tell you that this wasn't the first time that 1 bad made a light for life against terrible odds, fur you know all about it. Well, the consequence was that it occurred to me 1 was the proper person to take command of tim little, party of cast aways, and see that fair play was the rule of the day in dealing put the scant supply of broken biscuits and red wine which the steward had brill. lit along with him. ".So I put the question to the men wheth er they were willing that should act as cap tain, and si cneery "aye, aye, sir," was the answer I tot from all of them except Hal Wesci !'. a huge mulatto of tremendous strength and not extra good temper. Hal was ii splendid looking fellow physically and put me in mind of one of "the bronze statues that I've seen 'em dig oat of the sand in the eastern countries. Tim muscles of his arms and chest were something fear ful to look at. especially when he was out of humor nt some trick played upon him. Then these muscles would knot and twist and his greit round chest would iimvc lik e an ocean swell, Ha! and I had always got along pretty well together, a /act which 1 attribute to my pair of keen black eyes which, as you used to Bay, were bright enough to be seen in the dark, like a cat's eye. Then again Hal knew that I wasn't afraid of him as the other men were, and so ha never at tempted to browbeat or bully me; in fact, lie was ever ready to do me a good turn. 1 always made it a point to keep my eyes fixed hard and full upon Hal's face when tnlkiiii to him, and the consequence was that I finally succeeded in getting the same sort of control over the huge animal, for such he was in plain words, that the trainer gets over a lion or a tiger. Instinctively he felt that I was different from the usual run of d en, which 1 am. as you know. 1 never was known to lose my head, even when a youngster at school, and bo lwas always the chosen ringleader in times of mischief or danger. "Well, that's neither here nor there ; all that 1 need tell you is that the I>ig mack fel low was afraid of me; but, sir, would you believe it. when the other men sent up their cheery "Ay, ay, sir.' Wescott never opened his mouth, never drew a muscle. 1 saw it, and it made a deep impression on me. It was just as if a lion-tamer upon entering the cage had caught a glimpse of one of his animals crouching and sulking 111 the corn." r and refusing to obey his call. It's hardly necessary for me to tell you how 1 acted under the circumstances. My mind was made up in an instant. I heard a voice" ringing in my ears above the scream of that nasty sea, which was tossing our boat about like a cork in a mill-race. It said: "Whip him up to the scratch, or you're lost," so letting fly my leg I gave the big swarthy giant a sharp kick on the shin, and fixed my keen est glance upon bin: full in the fire. " 'Hal Wescott," said I, "if you're agin me for c iptaln of this boat, say so, man.' "Ti>at glance was too much for him. He winced !i;;e a dog under the lash, and. turn ing his bloodshot eves away, he muttered out: " That's all right, messmate, I'm for you. 1 votes ay, ay, sir.' "The men seemed to draw a long breath as they heard these words. "Good enough," 1 replied. "Now, men, listen to m*». we're in ai> :d way, a very bad way. We haven't any water at all. ami only about half a dozen biscuits, half of which are soaked with sea water, but I'll dry them as soon as the sun comes out. It's more than likely that we're in for a long last before we're picked up, but I've been in just such a lix before this and if you'll be SSI b& I ''^ patient and follow ray instructions to the letter I may save you all. Now, if you don't know, 1 must tell you one thine and that'- this: A in 11 can go without food, or, better laid, with an uncommon small allow ance, for several days, ii he lets sea water alone. JMind what 1 Bay — if he lets sea water alone. When thirst comas on you must grin and bear it, for once you begin to drink sea water you're (loomed. It'll transform you Into ravin;;, screeching luna tics, and in your madam you'll as likely as not fall foul of some of yjour messmates as a famished bea-i would of a fat s!ieei>. But hark ye, men,' I continued, laying my hand on my revolver, ' I'm di terniinrd to see fair play in Ill's business, and as llie Cartridges of my revolver are waterproof the wetting they've had wont do 'em a bit of hurt. D'ye hear that? And I give you fair warning that if any one of you attacks his messmate or trie to rob him of his rations I'll shoot him as 1 would any other wild beast." "The men, Hal We«c»tt included, cave me a hearty cheer, and promised me implicit obedience. "Our first bit of luck was a heavy fall of rain, so rigging a piece of sail cloth in such a way as to c itch as much witter as possible, 1 proceed to empty the red wine, one bottle at a time, into the sea and to fill it with water, cork it again securely and pack it away carefully in Hie boat's locker, upon which I took op my position. "Now it was that that great black brute Hal Wescott first showed bis teeth, if 1 may be permitted to express myself 9", and bit', white, sharp and animal-like teeth they were, too, take my word for it. When Wos cott first caught the low Burgling sound of the wine, as it spurted like a rill of lile btoi 1 into the sea, a strange look glowed with wi'-ked tire, his lips twitched convul sively and his huge hands opened and shut with a snap in the Iron knuckles. He was like a thirsty beast suddenly roused by the trickling sound of water. 1 could hear the btR fellow's tongue fairly click between his massive jaws as he watched my movements. "When the time came for me to take up the second bottle and uncork it Wescott could not hold his rebellious iu'ards no longer in control. With a half scream, half groan, he burst out: " 'For God's sake, captain, give me a drink 0' that. Don't waste it. I'm burnin' tip inside. I'm ail on lire, captain, 1 swear lam ! I can't stand it, captain ; (or the love of heaven don't say no, jmt give me a tasto* of it, just a taste!' " "1 needn't tell, you sir, that even a few mouthful* of that nine would have trans formed the b'u mulatto into a fiend ii. carnate. Poured iuts his fasting Btomnch it would bare set a stream of lire in his blood, and 1 would n't be here to-d iv to tell you this story, for he would have brained every mother's son of 11-, sum as [ate. bo In an instant I determined what course of Action to puisne, and in that brief space of time I said my prayers, felt for my pistol and bid uncle Bob and you gnod-bv. "'Silence, sir!'" 1 roared, with all the strength I could muster, as 1 turned upon the writhing, twitching monster, whose face, already frightfully distorted with suffering, was now made still more repulsive by ill disguised rnge which bullied in ins red eyes. "It took all my self-control to keep my gaze riveted upon the nan without flinching, but I was successful, and the mulatto crouched down in his corner again, like a half-cowed, half-defiant titter. Things went passably well for a di.y or so. The men obeyed me cheerfully, and bore the pangs of hunger with wonderful calm ness. 1 kept Wescott at the how of the boat, go I could have my eye on him. Next to me was the steward— never a strong man and hence the first to sink lifeless in a heap on tilt: bottom of the boat. "We had been washing about for three days, Hunger was beginning to give our faces that wild haggard look which robs Hie human countenance of all traces of a soul and leaves nothing behind but the dull dis trustful glare of the animal. . "But thirst was the thine I most dreaded.' THE MORNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 26. 1890-SIXTEEN PAGES. In suite of the few thimblef nls of water which I doled out from time to time, it was only too plain to be seen that I wouldn't be able to keep the poor fellows from drinking the sea water many clays loueer. In then fitful sleep they would dream of coming niK>n sparkling rills aud cool fountains, shaded by far reaching boughs, heavy with dark green foliage and when about to plunge their red and swollen lips In to the cool and limpid pool it would move away from them like a unioted curtain drawn slowly aside only to uncover darkness, blackness, nothiugness. Their screams and prayers as they awoke were pitiful, fit ting boid upright, "tln-ir haggard faces, half Hayed by the action of thfc scorching sunlight and brine would Ix 3 turned upon me, and hard though they strove to control them selves, 1 could hoar the low dull whisper : 'Water! water! water!' "Wescott, strange to say, liore his suffer ings more patiently than 1 had anticipated. 1 was touched by what seemed to me his de votion, his obedience, aud 1 spoke kindly to him. Bat be paid no atteution to any our or anything, lying like a huge beast curled up in the bow of the boat. "Ah, sir. those were terrible hours. I Shudder as I call them to mind, nnd the re collection of them makes me more grateful than evir to old Uncle Robert for innking it possible for me to quit (be sea forever. "We had now been foni days knocking about in this terrible fashion, when one Diortlihg I was aroused by a shriek and cries of 'Captain, captain!' The buckle nf my belt had been drawn up to its last hole in ■ rder to keep my poor collapsed stomach from grinding itself to pieces, and I had loft the steward on watch and was catching B few winks of sleep, when that fearful .shriek caused me to start ui> with a jerk. "The beast was loose 1 Yes, thesis words describe the situation exactly. While 1 had been Sleeping, the giant mulatto had waked up, and in a frenzy, which the others had made futile efforts 10 control, had filled a tarpaulin bat with se;i water anil taken long and deep draughts of it. In a few moments he was a ravine madman, frothing at the mouth and fearing his own llesh with his glistening teeth. It was a sight, to strike terror to the stoutest heart. What I teared at tirst thought was that he would swamp the boat, for he threatened every moment to rise lroni his kneeling position. To turn th. 1 boat over meant quick aud sure death for us all, for not one of us had strength enough to *J$&? film J fl. >V> • 'Mil' i 4v swim a stroke. But no, the maniac had other ends in view. With a deep, prolonged growl be threw himself upon the poor steward, and, seizing the terror-stricken man with his huge hands, he drew him into his lap as if he weighed no more than four sto le. " Then I felt my hair stiffen and my heart struggle to keep up its beat, for horror of horrors, what did I see? Th it huge ast in human form with a rapid motion bent the, steward's head back and then set those terrible teeth of his into the poor man's throat In an instant I was upon him! My own strength and vigor astounded me, but although I rained blow after blow upon the mulatto's head with the butt of my pistol, it had no more effect than the tapping of a lady's gloved hand. " Meantime, the steward's face grew blacker and blacker. There was not an in stant to be lost, and setting the barrel of- my revolver at the mulatto's ear, 1 pressed the trigger. "It seemed an age before I hear 1 the sharp crack of that pistol. I suppose my hand was paralyzed, but it came at last, and the bill black monster dropped bis prey and rolled Into a heap In the bottom of the boat For a few moments 1 saw nothing more, but gradually I pulled myself together, and, making a motion for the others to help me, we laid hold of the huge corpse and tumbled it into the water. "Ah, that was a fearful deed; but 1 never regretted it, sir. never." Here Mr. Robert Ridley, retired mariner, paused, drew a long breath aud then con tinued as follows: "Toward nightfall we fell in with a ves sel. We sighted her at sun-down, and she was then * mere spot upon tin distant sea, and we thought no more of her when the darkness came; hut next morning 'lie was showing within an easy pull, and we tncn saw that she was a wreck, all three masts gone, and her thick shrouds trailing over the Hide, as though her hold was full of serpents craw ling away from her. As we passed un der her stern we read the name, 'Grace Tucker, Boston*' She sat high upon the water, and seemed a new ship: anyway, her copper was new, and the wet flash of it to the sun might have been seen fur miles. "We sprang aboard, all mad for water, and then for food. Figure our joy when I tell you we found a scuttle-butt full of cold water, with a dipper ready at hand to drink from. There was a dead man lying in the galley; he was a half-caste, and the at mosphere was so bnd with him that two of us tumbled him over the side without ado. Aft was a long deck-house; I entered it to rummage for food, and the. first tiling I saw was the body of a man lying upon toe decK stone dead, with a live dog sitting; alongside of him. When the dog saw me, he crawled like a dying creature on to the man's breast, and feebly showed his teeth, lie was some thing after Ihe breed of a water-spaniel, but his eyes were red, and teemed OB fire, mid 1 felt scared somehow on seeing him alive, and though I saw bow weak he was, I had no heart to push past him lest he should fly at me. "I called through the door to one (if my mutes, 'Jackson! Jackson!' meaning that between us we should secure the dog, but 1 had no sooner uttered the word ' Jackson,' than the dog crept off the dead man's bosom, and weakly wagging bis tall, comes Ij uiy feet, and falls a-lieking my shoe, j " 'Why, Jackson, puor chap," says I, pat ting him, on which he utters a sort of howl and looks up at me with his two fiery red eyes with such an expression in his face thai you'd have sworn he felt as if it would have done htm good to cry. There was an empty pannikin alongside one of the. dead man's hands. 1 fetch' d some water and gave it to the dog, who drank it to the la.it drain, and on my saying 'Poor Jackson,' and patting him again, he howled as before, as though there was Something in the name to break his heart. You may hear some digs howl as he did when a street organ be gins. 1 left him to rummage for victuals, and In a locket found some cold beef a i.. l a till of white biscuit. On this I called to my males, ami they all came in and fell to. The dog had got again on to the dead man's breast ami wouldn't stir though I threw him a piece of biscuit and then a bit of meat. The water had strengthened him, and be was shifting about as though uneasy in his mind, occasionally uttering a low growl and eyeing us steadily. " ' Likely as not we may have to stay here,' says a man named William, 'and if so that there poor chap'll have to comu out of it.' '"Better turn to,' exclaimed another; 'it's bad enough to be cast away after this hero pattern. I'm for fresh air, shipwreck or no shipwreck.' "But on our approaching the body the ||ip Jtr'j dog snarled and showed his teeth anil cut such capers oil the corpse's chest that we all thought he was gone mad and stood look ing nt him. At last I says. 'Poor Jackson! Come along, old Jackson ! Poor old Jack son!'patting my leg, on which he drew up to mo, and whilst I patted him and called him Jackson, he meanwhile licking my shops or looking up at me with his tongue out as if his heart was ready to burst, the others sneaked the body off. "I thought to see Jackson bolt out of the cabin when he found the body none, instead of wliicli, after a look around, he uttered a long howl, then came to my feet again and ate the biscuit and the piece of meat out of mv hand. . " We were nearly a week aboard that ves sel before we - were taken off. Luckily, there was plenty to eat nnd drink in her. but she was draining in water and needed con stant Dumping, and we feared for our lives should heavy weather set in. That model you see there at the foot of the obelisk is a true copy of her. I believe she had been struck by lightning. One of us, a man named Parsons, said that lie guessed by the look of the corpses that they had been smote. blind and had died of their blindness. But a de relict is nearly always a mystery ; when theie's nobody left alive to tell the story. As much a mystery was it, too, why that there dog should have answered to the name of Jackson. Maybe his master was so called. lie this as it will, you had only to call him Jackson to bring him to your feet and con vert him into the lovingest beast thai ever wagged a tail. - . "During the week we were aboard the wreck that doe never lest sight of me. lie followed at my heels like my own shadow, .lay down with me, watched mo as If he vr»« human with a powerful intelligence work ing out imaginations in him. He was trie first to sight the ship that took us off. 1 was lying aslrep on the cuddy deck, and he awoke me by Melting my face. , I was vexed to be disturbed, and told him to get away, and turned over for another nap. On this be licks my face again and barked. '"Mast that dawg!' says William, and he sits up to chuck a boot at the poor beast. " 'Hold your hand.' says I. 'Now, Jack son, what i< it?' says I. , ■ V "He balked again, and walked to the deck house door, looking behind him, anil on my following the first tiling 1 saw was a large brig within half a mile of us. " Well, to cut this, we were taken off, and I took good care to carry Jackson along with me, for by this time the love between us was something beautiful. Throughout the pas sage home he lay in the clews of my ham mock at night, and by day followed me about the deck; and laugh as you may, sir, I tell you I've seen tears of joy gush into his red eyes wJien I've allowed him to jump upon my knees and lio there and lick my hand. The master of the brig wanted to buy him from me, but I said no, not for ten times his weight in gold. 'I'll pawn the shirt off my back to rep^y you for your.kindness, sir,' says I, ' but Jackson and me are friends that must not part if we can help it.' "However. I couldn't take him to sea with me every voyage, and when I got home 1 cave him tinny sister to take charge of. I went chiefly en coasting trips, aud was absent for short spells only, and lodging as I did with my .sister when I was ashore, never did mortal man from the most loving of wives or mothers, from the must affec tione of fathers or brothers, receive such a welcome home as 1 did from Jackson. His joy was almost terrifying. It came, to this, that when the neighbors heard I was to return they'd assemble in a body in the door to witness Jackson's delight. You would have thought he'd spring through the very roof. When his demonstrations were over he'd sit and grunt, with his eyes fixed upon me as though be were talking. He was the only dog 1 ever met that seemed to know his bark didn't convey all that was in his mind. I can as sure you it used to affect me to see him try ing to give expression to his thoughts by uttering sounds and maneuvering with his ears.: I believe that a dead sailor's soul had passed into that there dog. Ha! Uut 1 do then ! Never did the like of so much intelli gence wait on four legs before. "There came a time when I shipped a3 Becond mate ami carpenter aboard a coal man bound to a French port. This gave me a chance to carry Jackson along with me, the skipper not objecting. 1 had now had the dog about three and hall perhaps four. He was still an active, beautiful dog with a lovely brown coat of hair, fine as .silk, and eyes as expressive as a pretty girls. It came on to blow after we had left port a low hours, and the weather turned thick as mud in a winr-g!a<s. Wo got the vessel under easy sail ; the wind was a little abaft the beam, and we were plow ing through it reckoning on forty fathoms of water under our keel, when shortly alter six bells of the first watch the vessel took the ground off the Norfolk coast; the masts went over the side i.nd she was wrecked ill a breath, beting hard with the seas burst ing over her. "There was a bit of a deck-house aft, and most of the men took shelter in it. 1 was making my way to that structure to joiu them when the deck blew up amidships, and to save myself from being washed over board I crawled into the little caboose, and when 1 was there, feeling horribly lonesome, 1 thought of Jackson, and putting my head out through the door and whistled on the little silver whistle 1 used to carry expressly to c .11 him with. Whether he was alt with the men and they let him out, suspecting by his capers on hearing my whistle that he was Koins mad, whether he had been .shel tering himself waiting for me to call him, I never couid tell. The hull lav with a strong list, and the air was white with flylngspray. All amidships .the hold wits yawning; yet live minutes after 1 had sounded that whistle 1 heard a scratching at. the galley door, and, on sliding it a bit open, in bounded Jackson. "He had scarcely entered when a lump of a green sea struck the caboose. What fol lowed is like recollecting tlie waking up out of a swoon. 1 remember finding myself in the water ana of scraping at something with my finger ends. It was the top of the caboose, is you see it there: but I didn't know what it was till the day broke. In groping 1 put my arm through a hole and held by it. Just then 1 beard a. yelp close beside me. I put my other arm fntu the smother where something showed black and - caught hold of tti« dog— for the dog it was— and hoisted him on to my back with his fore- Uiws on my shoulders. The water was horribly broken and the tumbling of the ci«*iiioM! root sickening; yet I held on with my arm through the chimney-hole and the dog clung to my shoulders, encouraging me as it iv.mc by sometimes licking my lace; and whenever a bigger sea than usual ran at us, lh« poor beast would bark as though he thought to frighten it away from hurling me. "We floated away from the broken tumble of the shoal into a run of the sea that was 51 methiiig regular, but the water was con stantly washing over us. 1 cannot express What comfort I found in having that poor beast on my shoulders close to me, barking, and then giving a little growl as though to l.earten me, and then licking my face. At last lie fell silent The gray of the dawn was stealing into the sky. I said, 'Jackson, how is it with you, poor beast?' He didn't answer 1 spoke again, and tin ling himstill silent I pulled Him down and found he was dead. 1 was too weak, too near my own death to cry; yet 1 felt to be weeping in my tea t when 1 pulled him down and found he was dead. My exhaustion was too great to suffer me to bold him long, aud I had to let him go. His body floated off and 1 lost sight of it. "Shortly after sunrise a smack hove into view. The mate of her, seeing a black object, put a glass to his eye and instantly spied me waving my arm, whereupon he headed for me, launched a boat and took me aboard. I was the only man saved; the ves sel lied gone to pieces in the darkness and drowned all the others. Thai's the little yarn, sir," exclaimed Bob Ridley, knocking the allies out of his pipe and rising. "l'oor old Jackson!" and with a deep sigh and an air of abstraction, be led the way out of his summer arbor. fTHK END ] Cbwirtaht, 1590, by the Author* Alliance. FAST MATCH-MAKING. A Machine That Cuts Out Ten Millions* of Them Every Day. The operation of making matches from a pine log may be divided Into four heads, namely: Preparing the splints, dipping Hie mutches, Baking and fillinu. When the timber is brought into the cutting-room of the factory it is seized upon by a gang of men, who place it before a circular saw, where it is cut into blocks fifteen inches long, which is the length of seven matches. It is then freed of its bark and taken to the turning lathe, \vhere,'by means of a special form of fixed editing band runtime its entire length, a continuous tool, the thickness of the match is cut off. As the block revolves and decreases in diameter the knife advances and a band of veneer of uniform thickness is obtained. As the veneer rolls off the knife it is met by eight small knives, which cut it into seven separata bands, each the size of a match By this one operation seven long ribbon* of wood, each the length and thickness of a match, are obtained. 'ihese are then broken into pieces six feet long, the knotty parts removed, and they are then ted into ii machine which looks and act* like a straw chopper, which cuts them into single matches. The machine eats ISO bands at the same time, and a mechanical device pushes them forward the thickness of a match at each stroke of the Butter. This little machine, with its one sharp knife can cut over 10,000,000 matches a day. From the cutting-room the splints are taken to the dry-room, where they are placed in revolving drums, which absorb all the moisture the splints may contain, i'liey are then prepared for the dipping process which is a very important operation, as each splint must have sufficient space to be fully coated, and yet not placed so close to the others as to cause the mixture (a clot the heads ol the other splint;. .To do this they • are placed under an ingeniously contrasted machine, which seems to work with bunion intelligence, and are caught tin and placed closely, but at regular intervals, hi a dipping frame. These frames contain forty-four movable laths, and between each lath the machine places, with clockwork regularity fifty splints, making over 2000 in each frame. Hie heads of the splints are all on the same level, and a single attendant at each machine can place over 1,000,000 splints in the frame per day. The dipping vat is a stove of masonry which contains three square pens. The first pan is for heating the splints, so they will absorb the mixture; tlw second contains molten paraffin? in which the points are dipped, and in the third they are coated with igniting composition. Over 8,000,000 matches can be dipped by a skillful workman in one day. After the dipping process the matches are dried while still in the frames, and arc then taken to the packing-room, where they are put into tho boxes by hand.— Wood-worker. . NOVELTIES IN BRIC-A-BRAC. The Decorative Devices of Artistic Cabinet-Making. Mirrors Going Out ef Favor— Yellow the Pre vailing Tint for Walls and Hangings. Odd Furniture for the Boudoir. iWI/jRE there any women In the world •aljU *. who do not enjoy a visit to the cabi- J^IJ? net-maker's and to. the glass and china shops, where they can' make full in spection of all that is new and pleasing for home adornment and use? If there are such women they are verj few, for even men appreciate the charms of a house which is tastefully decorated, and they absorb the comforts and beauties, if often silently and without due appreciation. House-furnish- ing is one of the important occupations of the present season, and whether the outlay is small or great there is much to choose from in every department that the furnisher throws open for inspection. There have been some changes in styles lately. Mirrors have almost disappeared, says the New York I're.ss. That is, those who are uewly decorating their houses and have a fancy for following English fads do without mirrors in their drawing-rooms. Terra cotta and yellow walls prevail, aud I I ,,. A ' fat fsm ' iV ~'. "'V ilISS !|§lllll51i| Mfi MxMfTMk. the Oriental ruc=, which do net look well in combination with these colors, have not such high favor as formerly. However, those who |i.»ssess a quantity of these dull and ancient-lookiiig carpets need not fear their ever being entirely out of vogue — tiiey minister too warmly to the artistic sense of tine coloring. Some walls are paneled, and in some instances silk cord is substituted for molding, but yellow is certainly the pre vailing tint for the wall and hangings. There, was a time, not long ago, when fan cifully painted doors were considered su premely ornamental. Hut these with the minors are disappearing. To be sure the artistic in house-furnishing is often cirried to an extreme, as Howell's pictures with laugh able realism in li A Hazard of New For tunes," but the artistic must be eonsideied in every detail. The one thine to guard against is the having too many details. There is an aversion to Ihe China silk and tassel ornamentation of picture frames and mantel pieces, and the piling into the parlor of endless tea tables and cheap bric a-brac must now be avoided, but the artistic is still demanded, and a lady who ha means and knows that she is lacking in the knowledge of the fitness ol things will con sult not only the taste of her furnisher, but tliHt of an artist who Is known to have par ticular aptness at decoration. A new piece of furniture for a htdy's b % udolr is a wiiiinu table when open, but closed it forms an odd table for the middle of the room. An etching or water-color ornaments the front, and the back is cov ered with Unted silk in which photographs may ho stuck. There is Jus) a shelf for the inevitable cup and saucer and a rack fur papers. For the music-room there is a much more substantial stand than lias heretofore been in use. It is made with four drawers, which \ St • / £ t2& Itrasx Lamp*. are placed on Eh* slope so that the contents may be easily seen. It is made of mahogany or rosewood, nnd an inclined shelf at the top scne.s as a music rest. Sofa cushion* are used in profusion. They are always stuffed with down anil are rather large. The cov ering is usually of embroidered satin or Turkey twill worked in scattered dlsiffD*. Fancy-work tables are made by covering the plain crescent-shaped pine tables of three lieis with broeide ami nailing to tho inverted side a good-sized plush bag. bilk cord is added as a finish. White niu-lin curuins are ti d back with broad white surah ribbon. The teacup terse*, like the one in the illustration, is provided with two shelves, and is handy for a bock or a cu;>-of tea. Tho fiame is very simple and tho curtains are inndo of a pretty art silk. Another h;is painted decorations and places for cabinet photographs. The newest and daintiest things in hrir-a brae are made <>l silver, and every well regu lated drawing mom has its silver table ; that is, a table where all sorts of trinkets in silver are placed An exhibition, and may serve us subjects of conversation when social topics give out. Of course the more ancient the silver the longer the time occupi'd in tell ing its history. A wonderful collection of (jtiaiut objects may bn picked DP "t the bric-a-brac, shops in the city, so great has been the demand for these ornanteat*. Six lamps in an ordinary sized drstwing room is not an unusual number. Fashion has much to do with the adoption of limiis in place of pas, but now that it is the proper thing to use them ladies have found thai: they produce a fnr more becoming light than gas. Candle light Is still ixUter, and A Scrren. the latter mode of illumination lms become so prevalent, especially for the dinner table. Hint shades ore very important conskler niicins in house furnishings- Many of these are so daintily made and are of such costly texture that they necessitate no small outlay, roi'py blossoms are among the newest floral designs. The rosy tint is one "f the recommendations of this style, but when the shades are to serve for the dinner table they match in color the llowers and men as. There is moro attention paid to servants' quarters than formerly. When the house is of sufficient size to warrant such an outlay in space and money a bath-room is pro vided. Fur kitchen decoration a new thing is to have a dado six feet high of linoleum. The rest of the wall is distempered iv a suit able shade. . ABRAHAM LINCOLN. A New Anecdote of Him and the Legal Tender Act. The fight of legal tender had been won, and woo on the ground stated by Thaddeus Stevens in the opening sentence of his speech : "This bill is a measure of necessity, not of choice." The act had been passed and Approved. We could issue Sl^i.ooo,ooo in currency at once, 5.W,000,000 would dhv the demand notes, leaving SIOO.WiO.f.OO to pay our soldiers and carry on the war for some months to come. We had also gained our first military success. Grant had captured Forts Henry and Donelson and was pushing for Nash ville. The cloud* seemed to be breaking away and the future to looK more hopeful. I was therefore surprised when one after noon lute in February, ISG-', President Lin coln entered the Register's room with as sad a look as I ever saw on his careworn face, writes L. E. Chittenden in an article on "New Moneys of Lincoln's Administra tion," in Harper's Magazine for October. ITe dropped wearily into a seat' lie had pre viously chosen, and after a short silence ex claimed: '•What Imve you to say about this l<j*al tender act?: Here is a committee of great financiers from the great cities who say (hat, by approving this act, 1 have wrecked the country. They know all about it— they arc mistaken. "Yon have done nothing of the kind," I said. "The time for argument has passed. Legal tender is inevitable. The gentlemen you mention have made it a necessity. The people would take our note-! without the legal-tender clause. The banks and the cop perheads will not. We cannot risk the coun try in their hands. You have followed your own good judgment In signing the act. The people will sustain you and Secretary Chase and Congress." " £ do not see that I am exclusively re sponsible," he continued. "I say to these gentlemen, 'Go to Secretary Chase; ho is managing the finances.' They persist, and have argued me almost blind. 1 am worse off than Saint Paul. He was in a straight betwixt two. 1 am in a straight betwixt twenty, and they are bankers and finan ciers." "You are right in signim; the act." 1 said; "that point has passed debate." "Now that is just where my mind is troubled," he continued. "We owe a lot of money which we cannot pay; we have got to run in debt still deeper. Our creditors think we are honest and will pay in the future. They will take our notes, but they want small notes which they can use among themselves. So far I see no objection, but 1 do not like to say to a creditor you shall accept in payment of your debt something that was Dot money when it was contracted. That doesn't seem honest, ttnd I do not be lieve the Constitution sanctions dishonesty." "No more do 1," I replied. "I do not claim that legal tender can be upheld as an abstract right under the Constitution. But self-preservation is a right higher than the Constitution. We are warranted in making any sacrifice of property or political right to save the Union. Quid and sliver are be- I yond our reach; our soldiers must be paid and fed and clothed. We can issue Treasury notes and circulate them as cur rency, It is right and honest that we should give them the quality of legal tender, provided we return to specie as soon as tlie necessity has passed. I have watched the debates in Congress. I have read the opin ion of your Attorney-General. There are those who hint and suggest lint legal tender is provided lor in the Constitution. I have read no speech in which that right is broadly asserted. 1 believe it safer to defend our position on the ground of necessity." "1 understand that is Chase's ground, though he does not put it so strongly. We shall see. We will wait to hear from the country districts— from the people." He again relapsed into silence, which i did not interrupt. Then he said. " When the old monks had tired themselves out in lighting the devil, did they not have places to which they retired for rest, which were called retreat*'?" " They did," I answered; "though 1 un derstand they were for spiritual lather than bodily recuperation." "I think of making this office one of my retreat?," he said. It is so quiet and restful here. Do you never get discouraged?" '"[ shall be delighted to have yon," I said. ignoring his question. "1 only wish 1 could say of it, as Father l'rontsangof the Groves of Blarney, There's gravel walks thero for speculation, Awl conversation In sweet solitude. "Tell me more of that ballad," lie ex claimed cheerily. "I like its jiugle. What an Irish conceit that is— conversation In sweet solitude.' " "I fear X cannot. I must send you the book. 1 only remember, There's statue? gracing this noble place In, All licaturn goddesses so fair. , Hold Neptune, i'lntarcli and Nicoilaymm, A-st&ndlng linked In the opeu air. "I must have that book to-night," he said. "A good Irish bull is medicine for the blues." Ho left the office actually to the sound of his own musical laugh. Ho sent for the book — a copy of Crolton Crocker's " Popular Songs of Ireland." It is "before me now; priceless almost, when I remember that it once gave Abraham Lincoln some pleasure, some respite from his cares. This story may possibly be regarded as trivial, but it tends to show with what in tense earnestness the President bore his grave responsibilities, and that he seized upon an mousing story or volume because it diverted him for the moment and strength ened rather than weakened his capacity for his graver duties. I think it tends also to Illustrate the simple honesty of his mind. Had Mr. Lincoln been preserved to the re public 1 do not believe that the question of legal tender would have been carried into the Supreme Court of the United States. The weight of his influence, never so pow erful as on the day of his death, would have been thrown in favor of commencing the retirement of til legal-tender notes at the close of the war, and the return to a specie basis at the earliest date consistent with prudence and discretion. TO PKKYKNT SUNBURN. Klnrk<>n Your Face anil It Will Not Even Smart Imler tli» Sun's Kavi. The fair sex often seek eagerly for a pre ventative against sunburn. Some researches made by Dr. liobert Howies have resulted in the discovery of an infallible one, but one which, I am afraid, the woman with even the most beautiful complexion will tind too exacting in its conditions. it is an acknowledged fact that sun on snow burns mo:e. Quickly than on neks or in heated valleys at a low elevation; and Dr. BowlM remarks that sunlight reflected fn in fleshly fallen miow acts much more energetically on the skin than that rcilerted from older snow. One brilliant day he pninted his face brown, and as cended the QoOKI (irat, where there was much snow. There were ahout eighty others making the asrent. In the evening all excepting Dr. Howies were smarting from the effects of sunburn. He points out that hi Morocco and all along the north of Africa the inhabitants blacken them selves around the eyes to avert ophthalmia from the glare of the hot sand, in Fiji tho natives abandon their red and white stripes when they go fi-hing 00 the reef in ihe full glare of the sun, and blacken their fares. In thp Sitkim hills, also, ihe natives blacken themselves around tho eyps as a protection from the glare of the sun on newly fallen snow. Dr. linwles concludes that beat is not the direct cause of sunburn, but Hint it is probably caused by 111" vio let or ultra-violet ray* of light which arc re lleeted from tt:e snow. - From Table. Batter Mini n Hiring, " I want something," said a firmer as he entered a Michigan-avenue drug-store the other day. "Well, what is it?" "1 didn't tie a string around my finger, but I euess 1 can get around to it all tie same. What's the name of the hike below us." ■ "Lake Kile." . "Exactly. What's tim name of the bay which the boats run to?" .'. '~ ■ " Put to Bay." " Correct. No, then, who put in there?" "Terry." - - . ".Straight as a string. I want 10 cents' worth of pnrygorie. My old woman said I'll be sure to forget it. But here's the proof that 1 didn't."— Milwaukee Journal. Cull isli, Afier the ComparliiMi nf Notes. Miss Tablette— Tlio wretch ! and so he has been proposing to both of us. Mi?s Brentou— lt seems so. Bliss Tablette— l wish we could think of some horrible way to punish him. MLs.s lirenton— l have it. Miss Tablotte— What is It? Jliss lirenton— You many him, dear.— Judge. One of the most remarkable old ladies in Maine is living on the island of Monhegan. Although 75 years old, sho not only knows nothing of the cars, telephone, electric lights, etc., but has never seen a horse, hne has always lived on the island, several miles from the mainland, ami her world has been Monhegan. Mheep and cows nre kept on the island, but there is no call for hones. SMOKING A LIFE AWAY. J. Oliver Swett's Theory Proved by Charles Lederer, Artist. Showing That the User of the Weed Losß3 a Yesr of His Exigence for Every Twelvemonth That Ha Smokes. n FHIEND, J. Oliver Swett, M not a regu larly ordained minis ter of tiie gospel, yet ho Is a most stren uous objector to all forms of frivolity. He doesn't have to work for a living like common folks, forhLs fntlier very accom modatingly died a few years ago, leaving his good son a largo barrel of money. The old man, lately de censed, was a sutler in the good old days when patriotism cut such a wide swath in this country. The elder Mr. Swett was an accumulator — the son of a moralist on a wholesale scale. My friend, J. Oliver Swett, lias an alpha liMii-nl list of Hip _ I \ '■ S thousand find three things to which be poses as an objector — nnd lie mills to his stock daily. Among the things to which lie objects are dane- i in g, theater-going, | all drinking (except cold or lukewarm water), flirt?, cable- 1 ' cars, babies, fast i trains, fast men, ditto iiiitimn flittn il:iv- Al 30 Yrnrs. >vom;ui, uuio ukjo, ***** ..,.,. newspapers in genera!, electricity in every form except chain and sheet lightning, arti ficial flowers, ditto heat, ditto ice. There are but few things here below to which he , . has not some well- mm grounded objection. Of all things he most dete-is, abominates, loathes and abhors tobacco. The sight of a miin with a pipe in his mouth has been known to give Mr. Swett a spasm ; the odor of a cigar some times throws him I into con vulsions. and ■cigarettes — really 1 cannot dwell upon A> tS Fearj. thfi effect of their presence upon J. Oliver s delicate nerves and susceptibilities in gen eral. Mr. Swett has been known to go three hlocks out of his way rather than merely pass a cigarette advertisement Mr Swett has the whole business of living and dying down to a fine point. According to lii-. theory the original cause of ail evil was 8 i? H>) IS S ■ r^Hy^ i tobacco, and the ap ple that our first mother consumed must have been a roll of Virginia fine-cab Cain's unacceptable burnt offering was a pipeful of [.one Jiick with a sprinkling cf perique. He avers that the use of tobac co produces gout, toothache, apoplexy, consumption, hydro phobia, t y pirns, At m Yenrl. j er»trp, pimples, spavin nnd pip. He proves that a dog Whose veins are injpcted with a deeoctiou of nico'.iae nnnot live under water an hour, and ( ~1 that nrussic acid, full mm strength, will, like care, kill a cat. Every man, lam led to be lieve, by ijwett's ar gument, who ever smoked a cigar, took a chew of tobacco or a pinch of snuff, im mediately dropped dead, or, if he did not, so should have done. His great argu ment is his own as- Ai to Ttttn. sertton that every year a person uses the weed is just a year taken off his life. To aid the exemplary Mr. Swett I will en deavor, with pictorial diagrams, to explain and illustrate bis theory. X began smoking nt the nge of IM. we will suppose, and con tinued the nefarious nicotine habit throughout his life. At Jo. then, he had lost th ren years. That leaves him but 17 years old. At 20 years he his lost three more, leaving him only fourteen^ years. At thirty, hay-, ing lost four years' snore, he finds hini- A i 3i Y'ar*. self a kid of ten summer?. When he should have arrived at the ripe age of 3r> he finds to I nis dismay mai ne is but 5 years old, and that people call him bub and sonny when he should be receiv ing mail with Esq. at the end of his name. Another four years of the tob.icco habit and, alas! he is but a puling babe— the hor rid retrogression is appalling. I cannot proceed or recede far- } Al !S YrurK ther. I have proved Mr. Swett's theory and come to a halt. -Charles Ledercr iv Chicago Herald. HE KIiVEU PI-AYS CARDS. Professor I.i'iwy of Vienna Gives an Ex hibition of Hi* Skill. II was " whist night" at the D. K. E. Club. The first deal had just been made when a member brought in Professor Moriz Loewy of Vienna, now living in Iloboken. When it became known that the famous card manipulator was present one of (be best players in the room failed to observe a " signal" and led from a short suit. Every member of the club, says an exchange, soon mustered in the parlor and the. professor performed -some of his startling tricks. There were present Burchard, Bates, ilathewson, Allen, Simpson, Williams, Stead and many oilier.-, Several new packs of cards were purchased. The tirst incident was the changing of a curd in a spectator's hand. A member of the club was Raked to shuffle a new deck, to select a card, to hold it up, so that all persons except the pro fessor could see it. This was done. The victim was then told to turn the card face downward and then show it again. The ace of hearts had become the j ick of spaiis. Then (he professor forced the same card on live different persons consecutively; next he showed how cards were changed in His own hands : then a member of the club was found to have secreted the jack of hearts in his vest pocket, though lie had not been near the table. A great poker trick was then done. Five cards were 'then drawn by a club member at hazard, apparently from the deck and placed face downward on the table. The rest of the deck was then handed to another member with the injunction to pick out as good a poker Hand as he liked. He modestly selected a straight Hush, but when the five caids previously drawn were turned over they proved to be the royal thisli of hearts. Many other tricks con. illy as cu rious were shown. The professor wore medals and decorations from half the crowned heads ot Europe. lie knows 800 tricks and never plays a game for money. 1.r.-il HlK'tHl-lll'* Kill. The best razors no longer come from Shef field, and even Englishmen are alive to the fact. The best customers for razors are of English and Scotcb de*ct-ut, as very few Her mans or Irishmen act as their own barbers. Formerly, nothing without a genuine or frauduleut Sheffield trade-mark cut into the Pears' Soap "^^^has been established in London 100 YEARS both a COMPLEXION and as a SHAVING SOAP, has obtained 19 international awards, and is now sold in every city of the world. It is the purest, cleanest, finest, The most economical, and therefore Tfie best and most popular of all soaps ' for general toilet PURPOSES ; and for use iv the nvrsery it is recom- mended by thousands of intelligent mothers throughout the civilized world, because while serving as a cleanser and detergent, its emollient properties prevent the chafing and discomforts to which in/ants are so liable PEARS' SOAP can now be had of nearly all Druggists in the United States, but be sure that you get the genuine, as there are worthless imitations. blade would be looked at by an ex-subjept of Queen Victoria, but now American gouiis are generally preferred, and some Eastern makes arc very popular. The greatest run the last two years has been on a razor wilh a distinctly military name, says a dealer in the St. Louis Globe-Deiuoci at, »nd, although 1 have sold a great many of the kind. I don't know wlieie they an made. But tn« fact is immaterial, for no purchaser ever dads fault with anything connected with one iv any re spect, save price, and even that is not seri ously objected to. GLOVES That Were Worn in tho D:iys of Charlemagne and Do Medici*. There is nothing new under the sun. The carving of a long glove has been fonr.din a hole where cave-dwellers once lived. Just when these btrauge people existed has not been decided, but it was thousands and thousands of yean ago, and the- sculptured glove is of Hie same shape as be many but ton ones worn by fashiouablo ladies of the present. The gloves of the anti-glacial oc cupants of a cave are supposed to have been ma.ie of louehly dressed, skin-sewn with needles of bone. Cut they were worn Just the same, and the genera! pattern remains unchanged. There is plenty of other evi dence that gloves are of very remote origin, although none that goes back so far. i'lio Anglo-Saxons, according to a writer for tin) New York Commercial Advertiser, wore gloves in tin* seventh century, but the men were the ones then to observe the custom, the ladies covering their hands with their sleeves. E;uTier than this Norman officials and high personages of that country cov ered their hands, and in many places In the Bible the word "shoe" is used when schol ars maintain it means "glove." The glove trade is under ereat obligations to the church. In the year 700 Cbarlem granted to the abbot and monks of Sithiu an unlimited rig .t of hunting lor making their gloves and girdles of the skins of the deer they killed, and also for covers lor their book?, lint gloves had a nearer con nection with the church than the Industry of the monastery. They had distinctive em ployment in the rites and services. They wefe worn by the priests officiating. The laity were expected to takeoff their gloves in church, while ecclesiastics alone might wear them, a reversal of our modern fash lons. . The symbolism of the church did not forget the glove as gifted with bidden >U niticance. Bruno, Bishop of See ni,- says that "they are made of lineu to denote that the hands they cover should be chaste, clean, and free from all impurity." The gloves on the hands of Boniface VIII at the time of his interment were cf white silk, beautifully wrought with pearls. Gloves are still used by Koinan Catholic Bishops and advertised in the lists of clerical necessaries. Accord ing to St. Charles Borromeo, a Bishop's gloves should have a golden circle on the outside, and this is seen on the gloves of Bishop William of Wykeham,' preserved in New College, Oxford. • Gloves were, In 141ti, often set with pre cious stones, and sutliulently valuable to be left as legacies. The jeweled gloves or" St. Martial were said to have rebuked an act of sacrilege. The ulove3 of liisli Grave send, worked with gold and enamel, were, priced at £5, a great sum in 1310. But the sturdier Bishop Button wore thick yellow leather gloves, at lOd a pair. However, that lovo of luxury and of vestments which then, as now, threatened to sap a curtain division of the church, led to the passage of sumptu ary restrictions. The clergy "might not wear gloves," red or green or striped; " neither ring, brooch, ornamental giidle, nor gloves." Monks were not to wear gloves of deerskin, but were to content themselves with gloves of sheepskin. But gloves were, still made of costly material for Bishops anil the higher clergy, were then adorned with jewels, in. spite of sumptuary laws. Bishop Ricultos, who died in '.n2, left as an important legacy a pair of cloves, and the earliest silk gloves on record were found in the hands of Thomas a Becket. Gloves have ever been an accessory to the dress of royalty. They have a pbice in the regalia, and we read of purple gloves, opiiniiieiitedwUh pearls and precious stones, which were deemed ensigns of imperial dig nitties. 'ilrey were so intimately connected with kingly power that monarchy were in vested with authority by the delivery of a glove. The knight's clove or gauntlet has more that is romantic and symbolical at- lied than all others. The word conies from the early French word "gant," mean lug the hand. As a distinctive article of de fensive dress, the gauntlet did not come into use until the thirteenth century. In tin time of Edward I a leather glove, covered with mail, was introduce I, and during the reign of Edward 111 spikes of steel were fixed to the knuckles. The gauntlet of Ed ward the Black l'rlnce was a formidable affair, with its steel goads on the back of the hand, the very appearance being calcu lated to inspire terror. The buff gloves of Cromwell's troopers were protected at the wrist by a metal scale work, well arranged to break a sword blow. Perfumed gloves were brought from Italy by Edward Vere, Earl of Oxford, after his exile, and . his present to Queen Elizabeth of a pair with embroidered roses is mentioned In history. But the refinement of ■ perfumed gloves had been known for three centuries in Franco before the days of the Virgin Queen, and In Spain the gloves were famous for the scent imparted to them long before her day. The luxurious court of Cliatles II used perfumed gloves, and those "trimmed and laced as tine as fell's" were mentioned in a comedy. Louis XIV also issue 1 letters patent of his marchands maitresg;iutiers perfeuuieurs. In Venice, where the love of (tress was con spicuous, perfumed gloves were Introduced by a dogtss as early as 1071. ■ Glovesof chicken skin were in vogue, in the early Dart of the seventeenth century. These were used at night to give the hand white ness and delicacy. Thin and delicate gloves were first made at Limerick. They were so thin that they could lie. Putin a walnut sheil. Goush says that dark gloves were worn by all women before the Reformation. But this is not absolutely correct, for Chaucer speaks in his translation of the "Komaunt of the Hose," of idleness: And for to Keep ber hands fayre, Of gloves white sbe Had a pair. The ladies of the court of Catherine do Medici* carried their gloves in their hands or tucked them under their girdles. Mary, Queen of Scots, wore gloves with richly em broidered wrists on the morning of her exe cution, giving them to a friend at the last moment. They were made of a light, cool, buff-colored leather, the elaborate embroi- '' dery on the gauntlet being worked with sil ver wire and silk of various colors. The roses aro of pale and dark blue, and tin shades of very pale crimson ; the foliage, represents trees, and is composed of two shades of esthetic green. A bird in (light, with a long tail, figures among the work. The embroidered gloves for women of the sixteenth century were very beautiful, made of the gauntlet shape and richly embroidered on the cuff. They were of cheveril leather; so it was said of a nun, " lie hath a ebeVeril conscience" — one that would stretch easily. Cheveril was made of parchment, by tha use ' of alum and the white of eggs. Goatskin was tho foundation. Type- ffritprl' Kyt-s. Almost every type-Writer sooner or later has trouble with her eyes. The type-writ ing machine is supposed to >aye Hie eyes, but the •iTect is «iuito the contrary. The eyes arc all the time in notion while writ big, ami the rapid jerking of the eye from one point to another en toe littie keyboard soon tires the muscles, and make> tiie eyes and sometimes the whole head ache. Then a great many girls have the habit ot turning up the carriage to see what Ims been written and leaning back in the chair while readme it. This HOj is iiad, for the. reason that it requires a rapid adjustment of the eye to the different distance, and so tires tho whole, organ. The only way io save the eyes when using a type-writing machine is to acquire such facility that it is not necessary to look at the keyboard, and the eyes will be saved the thou-auils cf little jerks to and fro which do so much harm.— St. Louis (ilobc-Ueiuocrat. In an Episcopal church near Boston tho other Sunday a lady in passing up the aisle caught her dress on n corner of a pew and tore it. As the process of tearing was very audible to the congregation, the feeling oJ the lady may be imagined, when at thai moment the clergyman began the MI flue by reading tha sentence, "Keud your heart and not your garments."