Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXII-NO. 23.
CLEVELAND. Democracy s Man of Destiny. fi VERY CLOSE VOTE The Master Hand of Whitney Was Invincible. TAMMANY IS DEFEATED, md Horace Boies Was Never in the Race. OPPOSED TO FREE COINAGE. Tariff Reform Was Nearly Slaughtered i by Its Own Chosen Friends. fpecial Telegraphic Correspondence of " Ihe Morning Call." Chicago, June 22.— was late this morn ing wtien the Tammany delegates marched into the big shanty down by the lake front and took their seats iv the convention. During the long hours of the night most ef them bad been attending the conferences held by the anti-Cleveland men for the de sired purpose of forming a combination to knock out the "stuffed prophet." Their eyes were rad from loss of sleep, and they bore about them indications of that tired feeling which must be shared by others of their following. Before leaving the Auditorium they had taken care to arrange for their reception at the Wigwam, and ln the distribution of seats they had evidently seen to It that their bowlers were well taken care of. The yawpers of New York had been sta tioned all over the hall ready to let out the eld familiar yell whenever the braves should heave in sight. Governor Flower, blaud as usual ln ap pearance, but evidently fatigued from the effects of the labor cf the night, leaned heavily on the arm of Ned Murphy, the lusty Trey brewer, and smiled faintly as he glanced around. Immediately in his rear walked Boorke Cochran, and behind the latter came Boss Croker, with his heelers trailing iv the rear. Their appearance was the signal for a yell cf triumph. A hun dred of Tammany's leather-lunged hench men sprang to their feet and let out a howl that rang through the building. It was taken up by the gallery, and cheer after cheer rang out on the murky air. Croker smiled as be sank iuto his seat and mentally figured up the votes with which he ex pected to defeat the nomination of Cleve land. There was another bowl when the lowa delegation passed in on the floor of the con vention, headed by Delegate Shields, who bore aloft the purple Moles banner. The lowa men look fresh and chipper. They bad evidently been encouraged by tbe re ports which bad been coming in during the morning of defection In the Cleveland ruuks and thought they saw in what was going on the possibility of a chance to boost their Horace to the place at the head of tLe ticket. They had been told that during the night word had been received from Senator Hill instructing his followers to drop him at their discretion and concentrate on some one who stood a chance to knock Cleveland out. Hill had wired, so it was said, that he did not .believe that Cleveland could be elected if uominated, and he was willing to sacrifice his chances to se. some one nomi nated who could carry the State of New York and could defeat Harrison. This he was confident could not be done with Cleve land and he favored the selection of a West ern man. This is why the Boles boom had received an added impetus, which encouraged his following. When the Boies banner was seen by the Pennsylvania delegates there was a cry, "Take It out," but Shields merely smiled and continued to hold it aloft until Uncle Dick Bright, the genial sergeant-at arme, came to tbe rescue and said that while an order bad been Issued to allow no banners to be erected on the floor of the Convention Hall there would be no objec tion to their being borne in if afterward furled. The dispute was settled when lowa •of ily folded her little flag and laid It to rest beneath the seat. Through the efforts of the National Com mittee a much larger crowd was in attend ance than yesterday, and it was evident that ibey had gone out into the highways and by ways to drum up a crowd, Still there were a great many vacant seats, and a general air of depression bung over the gathering. Tbe rain the day before bad bedraggled the bunting until it hung limp and lifeless and the red had run into the other colors until they were blended into one indistinguish able blur. There was an air of dampness about the great building which the sun, when it came out, failed to dissipate, and a rheumatic feeling In the atmospheie had caused a shudder of apprehension to run through the spectators. It promised to be a hot day, but the in tense heat was welcome as a relief from the wind and rain which had promised to raise havoc with the roof. ' It was impossible to conceal the fact that thousands of those present were in deadly fear lest some seri ous accident should befall the crazy struc ture, and many a delegate slipped quietly away and purchased an accident Insurance ticket with the hope of providing for his family in the event of an accident. Tbe fact that many tickets in the hall bad not been presented yesterday had be come generally known and the proposition of Mr. Collier of Tennessee to admit visiting elnba to the vacant seats started a report that at the session to-day the hall might be thrown open to the public. Long before the clumsy doors were opened Michigan ave nue was accordingly lined with an immense throng of eager spectators who vainly sought admission, and the police bad the greatest difficulty in keeping order. Hold ers of tickets found it hard to make their way through the throng who blocked the Sidewalks and ran over into the streets and as a result tbe jam was most uncomfortable. TORRENTS OF ELOQUENCE. But the Tammany Orator Would Not Contrib- ute to it. Chicago, June __.— lt was 11:30 o'clock when Chairman Owens rapped for order and smiled sweetly as his face appeared over the two huge bouquets which rested upon his desk. Prior to the call for order various rumors were in circulation, one of which was to the effect that the anti-Cleveland men would nuke a determined effort to break the unit rule. They had declared this to be their Intention during the night and the initiative of this movement was ascribed to a sub committee of the committee oa rules under The Morning Call. the lead of ex-Congressman Ciardy of Mis souri. Mr. Ciardy had expressed very freely the opinion that Democratic conven tions had been for the last forty years with out any particular rules to guide their de liberations, and that in his opinion the time had come when they should set down cer tain broad rules of action. Accordingly he prepared a set which, had they been adopted, would have knocked the unit rule into a cocked bat. He struck a snag how ever, for even in bis own sub-committee he ftund nearly as many opluiocs ou the sub ject as there were members, and alter a great deal of dispute his pet scheme flut tered to the ground and expired with a faint sigh. The crowd, while larger, wns at the same time more noisy and demonstrative than on the previous day, but only at times was there any show of spontaneous enthusiasm. Favorite sons, as a rule, wore allowed to enter unnoticed. Henry W atterson, who strode down the aisle alone carrying his head very high and scanning the galleries with his eagle eye. attracted no attention. H. looked sad as he sat down in a pool of water which had gathered on the seat ol his chair. Voorhees of Indiana, who has never seemed quite so big iv the eyes of the De mocracy since he tackled John J. Ingalls, slipped in with his delegation without being noticed. No oue sought him out in the crowd. A few minutes later, however, there was a war whoop of exultation and some one in the rearshouted "Mills." In an instant 20,000 people were on their feet to catch a glimpse of the fiery Texan, who edged his way aiound the space fenced iv for the delegates. Long and tumultuous were the cheers given him as he passed along, but he looked neither to the right nor to the left; not the faintest expression of pleasure or satisfac tion lighted up his grim features, and the firm set mouth relaxed not for a moment. Quietly slipping through a side entrance he passed out of the hall. Immediately a cry went up for him. Midst confusion and applause, John son of Ohio succeeded in securing the recog nition of the chair, and his motion that Senator Mills be invited to address the con vention was met with cheer*. A committee was named to escort Mr. Mills to the plat form, but it returned in a few moments to announce that the Texas favorite was ill, and for that reason had been compelled to leave the hall and return to his hotel. Then there were loud cries for Carlisle, out the brainy KentucKian could not be found. He had folded his tent in response to the first cry of warning and had slipped away to the obscurity of the crov\d in the street. Senator Palmer of Illinois stole in from the rear and took a seat just back of the chairman. An instant later he was recog nized by an admiring constituent from Southern Illinois, who set the convention in a roar by his frantic efforts to stampede the galleries. De Young of Michigan, who is equally as brainy but not quits so handsome as his California namesake, arose and moved that Palmer be asked to make a speech. Palmer like Barkus is always willing and It took him but a few minutes to get down to work. He sailed away in tho most approved fashion and wearied every one present with bis moss-covered platitude-, Once, when he referred to the nomination of a man for the Presidency, he gave the howl ers a chance to shout "Hill! Hill! Bill!" and a scene of wild disorder reigned for two or three minutes. Then lie sat down and every one looked pleasant, as if relieved from an ugly dilemma. Chapiu of lowa was evidently athirst for more eloquence, and he moved that John 11. Fellows say a few words to cheer the faint ing hearts of the faithful. The motion pre vailed in spite of a storm of noes, but Fel lows could not see it and he refused to budge from bis seat until Chapin we.: over and remonstrated with him. Cbapln leaned fondly over the shoulder of Governor Flower, and argued vigorously with the big representative of Tammany, and finally Fellows arose and stated that the time had not arrived for him to talk. Later oa he said he might have something to say, but until that time arrived he would maintain his sileuce. "I am a delegate to this convention," he .all, "and at the proper time, when it shall be appropriate for delegates lo express their opinions, I may ask the opportunity to say something to the convention. lain a Demo crat, and as I recognize that there are a great number of distinguished gentlemen on this floor whose names are well known to the Democracy not wearing the badge of delegates, it would be manifestly improper for one occupying that position now to claim your attention." Cheers followed th: effort of Mr. Fellows, and he blushed like a schoolgirl as he took his seat and leaned agaiust B^.irk. Cockran for support CAMPBELL LOOKED PLEASED. But His Address Was Not ar, Able One for Ail That. Chicago, June 22.— At this juncture Mr. Owens announced that the committee on credentials was ready to report and all present looked for a fight, but no fight de veloped. It was a very tame sort of docu ment and excited no interest except in its reference to New Mexico and Arizona, which were given six delegates each, because, as the chairman expressed it, they had been unjustly deprived of statehood by a Demo cratic Congress. This was not trie, of course, but it went with the gang and brought forth more cheers. The report was adopted without a dissenting voice and the expected struggle did not materialize. Then came the report of the committee on permanent organization, which was pre sented by Fo-dyce of Arkansas. It named Wilson of West Virginia as permanent chairman and continued the other officers of the temporary organization. The name of Wilson was met with great applause. There was cheer after cheer, and the baud played "Yankee Doodle." This brought out a faint riiple of applause only, but when "Dixie" was heard the old rebel yell shook the buildings and the Solid South stood up and howled itself hoars- Between the airs Don M. Dickinson mounted his chair so as to display his whiskers to good advantage, and moved that a committee of five be named to escort Mr. Wilson to the chair. Another howl followed the affirma tive vote, and as Mr. Dickinson sank into his seat the band turned "Dixit" loose again. The gang from the cotton belt let them selves out in one long and uproarious suc cession of cheers, and when they subsided young Mr. Owens named Don M. Dickin son of Michigan, J. T. Doncome of lowa, John K. Fellows of New York, Joseph C. Richardsi of Indiana and M. L. ('lardy of Missouri to drag Mr. Wilson to the chair. As the committee went to perform its mission the band played "The Star-Spangled Banner," in response to which there was some applause; but when Mr. Wilson ap peared and the classical strains of "Ta-ra ra-boom-de-ay" swelled forth the cheers were deafening. Then young Mr. Owens shook hands with Mr. Wilson in the most approved Southern fashion, and they were cheered ngain. As Mr. Wilson turned to face the audi ence young Mr. Owens said: "Gentlemen of the convention, it gives me great pleasure to introduce to you one of the bravest Dem ocrats in America, William L. Wilson of Virginia." Then there were more cheers. Mr. Wilson looked pleasantly over the convention, as he removed his gold-rimmed eye-glasses and buttoned un his blue cut away coat, under which was conspicuous a white four-in-hand tie. Then he proceeded to make the speech of his life. The speech was well received, and during its delivery the speaker was quieted with applause. When he said, "I must not keep you from your work" a storm of cries of "Go on go on 1" came from all over the hall. He did go on, but only for a few moments and then retired to the desk, where he blushed as tie hammered it with the big gavel. Mr. English of Indiana read the report on permanent organization, and when this per forata::.e bad been gone through, Mr. Pliil SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 23, 1£92-TEN PAGES. lips of Missouri presented to the chair a gavel made of zinc, with the request of the citizens of his State that the import duty on tbat metal be removed. As the gentleman from Missouri retired to his place beneath the shadow of Charlie Jones' whiskers, cries went up for Camp bell, and he was finally induced to appear. He smiled as he listened to the continued cheers which quieted the mention of his name, and as he passed bis white hand over his shining head he looked pleased. Ho wore a long brown sack coat and a stand ing collar. His necktie was blue. His re marks were a disappointment to those present, and when he withdrew to his place the applause was faint. The Governor of Tennessee, Bob Taylor, and Henry Watterson were called, but neither responded. The chair stated on behalf of the former tlu.t he was too ill to talk. Then It was announced that the platform committee could not rerort until late In the afternoon, aud the convention took a recess until 5 P. m. TARIFF FOR REVENUE. That Is What the Platform Is In Effect. CmcAGO. June 22.— The committee on platform and resolutions was ready to re port at once upon :the reassembling of the convention. When Vilas had completed the reading of the platform Colonel Jones moved its adoption, but Harry Neal of Ohio was to the front with an objection. He didn't like the reading of the plank relating to the tariff question and he said so with great emphasis. It was not in his opinion good, sound Democratic doctrine, and he offered the substitute that was destined to cause so much trouble, He went Into an explana tion of his views and the gang in the gal leries and on the floor howled for him. His reference to "tariff reform" called out more cheers. Then there wore calls for Watterson, and the custodian of the star-eyed goddess pranced up the aisle with a formidable looking book in his hand. It was a copy of the official record of Democratic conven tions. As he advanced to the front Wat terson handed it to a reading clerk and slyly cast away a chew of tobacco. Then he threw his iron-gray hair back from his forehead and thrust bis hands deep in the pockets of bis light sack coat. He was given nn ovation. Before speaking, however, he had read from the record th" tariff plank of tbe St. Louis convention of I*7'>, upon which Tilden ran for the Presidency, to show what the sentiment of the party was at that time. Then he pitched Into the timidity of the party, Vilas followed by quoting from Wat terson's speech in support of the platform of 1884. Watterson was staggered, but arose and advanced toward Vilas, amid loud cheer ing. He nodded his head to what was read from his speech and seemed not at all dis turbed. When Vilas, In the midst of his remarks, turned and laid his hand on the Kentucky editor's shoulder, the applause was deafening. Then Watterson took bis inning and proceeded to smite the enemy hip and thigh. For several minutes he swept the convention from its feet, and suc ceeded in transforming it into a howling mob. The anti-Cleveland kuile was work ing. Somebody over on the left, as Watterson resumed his tobacco, shouted: "On behalf of the New York delegation I propose three. cheers for David B. Hill." A storm of hisses swept over tbe hall, and a burly po liceman led the enthusiastic Hill man out into the cool air of the street. Jones of Missouri tugged fondly at his famous whiskers, which, according to Charles A. Dana, are the most beautiful in tbe world, and announced In a piping tone of voice that on behalf of the committee he accepted the amendment. It looked like harmony till Thompson of Ohio demanded to know if the amendment was to be sub stituted for the original or merely tacked on like the tail of a kite. He believed in being brave, and counseled the convention to stand by the doctrines of the party. DICKINSON PROTESTED. But the Vote of Michigan Was for Radical Legislation. CHICAGO, Juno 22. —A demand was made for th* rollcall, but the confusion was so great that it was delayed for nearly a half hour. The chief disturbance came from the galleries, which were in a constant tur moil. They howled their loudest, and the raps of the chairman's gavel were drowned completely. At la«t, however, order was restored and the rollcall proceeded with. "Alabama" raDg out loud and clear from the lii scf the curly haired reading clerk, nnd back came the response, "Alabama casts 18 noes and . ayes." A cheer went up, and when Arkansas followed with 16 noes the applause was tumultuous. Then came Colorado, and when her chairman shouted, "Colorado votes for an honest Democratic platform. 8 votes aye," the Watterson fol lowing shouted themselves hoarse. Califor nia cast 18 votes on the straddle, and as Mr. Butler fell back into his seat there was a faint yell. Illinois threw her 48 votes for the amendment, and when Indiana split her vote in half the convention cheered. When the name of Kentucky was reached Watter son seized one youug delegate by the coat and dragged him down as be tried to rise. "Just let me announce that vote." said Watterson, and the 26 votes of the Blue Grass State went plump for the radi cal plank. Michigan voted in the affirma tive in spite of the protests of Don M.Dick son, and so the roll went on until the convention had declared decisively for radi cal tariff reform. ■ HOWLS AND YELLS. Cheering for Cleveland and Counter Cheering for Hill. CHICAGO, June 22.— Then the chairman said "under the regular order of business nominations for President and Vice-Presi dent are now In order." This was greeted with hoarse roars of applause, and a motion to adjourn was voted down with emphasis. For a moment quiet fell upon the great as semblage and again "Alaba ma" was called No one arose and the name of Arkansas rang out. "Arkansas yields her place to New Jersey," and the galleries yawped again. "New Jersey," shouted the dork, and a small but compactly built man, with full gray beard, arose. Upon the lapel of his blue cheviot coat he wore t'.e purple badge of his State. It was Governor Abbett, and as he walked down the central aisle he was loudly cheered. The shouts were repeated as he faced the vast amphitheater and glanced over the great sea of faces. When he mentioned the nnmo of Cleveland a tornado of applause broke forth. The convention arose and cheered for I*l minutes that seemed to the Hill men liko so many hours, and each one of which seemed like a nail in their coffin. In the midst of it the white banner of Michigan, with the picture of Cleveland in the center surmounted by tho name of the State in letters of gold, was carried by will ing hands down the main aisle of the con vention floor. Delegates grouped them selves about it and the noise was redoubled, lints were thrown high in the air and um brellas waved In every direction. Pic tures of Cleveland wero drawn out from all sorts of places of concealment nnd fran tically waved aloft. The cheering died away only when tho Cleveland men were exhausted. '1 lieu Abbett went en without interruption uutil ho said Cleveland would receive the vote of every Democrat In the country. Some ono in the gallery howled out, "Will Hill," and mingled cheers and hisses followed. As they died away Abbett retorted, "I said every Democrat, " 'with sarcastic emphasis on the last word. It was a jab at Tammany that caught the galleries find set them in a roar When he spoke of the independent voto a chorus of voices set up the cry of "Mugwump." "Yes, mugwumps, if you wish," was the ready retort, " but if any mugwump wants to vote, who will drive him away." " Well, give us a Democrat," came from a Tammany howler in the gallery, and there was another roar. Then came the mention of the name of Hill, and the New York delegation, 72 of them, including Croniu, Murphy, Cum ming?, Flower, and all were up in a minute and whooped it up for over 20 minutes, Dr- Mary Walker led the cheering with a will, born of her hatred of Giover Cleveland, who once vetoed her pension bill. Gen eral Dan Sickles stuck his crutch through a picture of Hill and waved it In tho air. lie could not stand up and wave his crutch, but he could sit down and use it with both hands. This he did with a will, and seemed to mean it. and still the cheering was not so loud as that for Cleveland, and was In spots, wherever the Tammany heeler Was located. J When the speaker closed the cheers broke out again, and to them were added the roll of the thunder without. The rain followed, and through the roof of the big shanty tbe rain came dripping down. In the con fusion California was called, and George S. Patton arose to say that California seconded the name of Cleveland. WORRYING THE TIGER. New York Hurls Back the Slurs of Her Enemies. Chicago, June 22.— Colorado announced that she gave way to New York, who would nam. a candidate. A moment later Wi iliam C. Dewitt, a short, fat man with his hair parted carefully in tho middle, came up out from the Tammany host and twisted his mustache as he took a sip of water. Bourke Cochran and Billy Sbeehan looked at him and shook their heads. He sat down and looked at his watch. Tammany was play ing for time. Cries of "Go on" came from all over the hall, but the chair silenced It .with his gavel. Dewitt looked at his watch again, and then glanced down at Billy Sheehan, who nodded his head to go on. At It he went, aud succeeded in rais ing a faint round of applause twice only. At the close of his speech John If. Fellows, bald and rubicund, asked the patience of the convention while he seconded the name of Hill, He spoke with great earnestness and rapidity. Only once . was he Inter rupted, and that was when ho stated that the Republican papers and the leaders of that party were op posed to Hill. Hisses greeted the utterances, but the speaker gave it not the slightest heed. Two or three times he had little spats with the galleries because they ! Insisted upon hissing, but he kept his tem per well. Connecticut seconded the name of Cleve land. A. W. Green of Illinois pleaded the cause of Grover Cleveland, and won the ap plause of the galleries by saying that Illi nois bad 48 votes for Grover Cleveland. Wil liam D. English of Indiana read a letter from Dan Voorhees, stating thnt he could not be present to do tho bidding of his delegation in seconding the nomination of Cleveland. Illness compelled his absence. Mr. English spoke briefly, however, for the stuffed prophet. John F. Duncombe of lowa responded when the name of his State was called and placed lie name of Horace li los before the convention, but the delegates, growing tired, would not listen* with patience. They howled like a lot of Indians on the rampage and his voice was lost for tho greater part of tlio limn iii the din of the voices around him. MeKen/.le of Kentucky arouse I the Inter est of the convention and set the em blage in a roar with a speech tha. was brimming over with fun and good nature. All his references were particularly felici tous. Henry Watterson was loudly and enthu siastically cheered as be seconded the nom ination of Boles. He was fiery and eloquent, and his voice rang out as a clarion. Then came Kernau of Louisiana to plead lor Boies, and to send, as he said, the message of creeling from the cotton fields of the South to the corn fields of the West. He was listened to attentively and loudly cheered by the lowans. General Patrick Collins of Massachusetts needed no introduction. Bis Is a familiar figure in Democratic national gatherings, and he was cheered to tho echo as he as cended the platform. Cheers punctuated his utterances aud cheers greeted the close. His thrust at the Tammany tiger brought down the house. William H. Wallace of Missouri tore a passion to tatters as he told of the splendors of Missouri and recounted the virtues of the stuffed prophet. He, too, dropped into poetry as Owens did yesterday, and was laughed down. Hansel of Pennsylvania took another jab at the tiger and then twisted bis tail till he roared. He pledged the 64 votes of Penn sylvania to Cleveland. Bepeated crle3 of "Time l" "time!" sent him to his corner groggy, but still game. Texas, with her imperial Democratic ma- jorlty of 200,000, seconded Cleveland, and Senator Daniel of Virginia did a like service for D. B. Hill, whom be did not like for the enemies he had made, but for the enemies he had conquered. Washington seconded the name of Grover Cleveland and West Virginia split on Hill and Grover. Bourko Cockran moved a recess, but the loud cries of protest quieted him. He took the platform to ex plain the political position in the State of New l'ork. He spoko with remarkable clearness and force, and his argument was a masterly one. At length he reviewed the recent political history of the State and in no uncertain tones showed the weakness of Cleveland. He slushed at Pennsylvania for supporting Cleveland and when asked what they had to threaten with he smiled sarcastically. His speech was frequently cheered. It was too late, however. The die had been cast, and a ballot was inevit able. When it bad been concluded the deed was done, and Alaska had nominated a Presidential candidate. Harry M. Tod. . _ HOW IT WAS DONE. Tammany Stood Out Against Cleve- land to the Last. Special Dispatches to TnE Mornino Call by the Western Associated Press. Chicago, June 92.— youthful divine of the Methodist Episcopal Church was the first man to give an official intimation that God Is tc be with the Democratic party in the coming campaign. - The opening-prayer In the convention was very gratifying to laymen of the Democracy to-day, and that the assurance of divine assistance was authoritative the wags of the party Insist will be amply demonstrated by the informa tion coming from the church which they hnve so often denounced as being a dis guised adjunct -of the Republican party. The audience gave its demonstrative ap proval to the fervent young divine when he Indorsed the Democratic principles by ask-' ing the Almighty to guide the framers of the party platform so that every true lover of liberty and of the rights of man should be able to find a DM-. where be might stand erect for the principles that have made the pant of the nation glorious, but the cheers could no longer be repressed when he asked that the nominees might represent the spirit of modern Democracy, progressive Democracy— that Democracy which was arrayed on the side of tho masses against classes, and that strives to lift from the shoulders of the people the burdens borne for the benefit of the favored few. The first session of the convention was indeed an Intellectual feast. Very little in the way of effective business was to be transacted, and ample opportunity was afforded for the regalement of the delegates by a flow of oratory. The first speech of the day was by General John M. Palmer. The Senator's speech awakened all the latent political -fervor that has been waiting for days to be "quickened into enthusiasm by the stirring eloquence of some popular leader. Palmer, in his capacity as a recog nized leader of the Democratic party in Illinois, pledged the electoral vote of the great State to the nominee of the conven tion, whoever he may be, next November. He was the only speaker of the day who ignored the tariff question. "The Republi cans at Minneapolis," said he, "have writ ten upon their platform a menace to the people of the country in the new force bill. As sure as Benjamin Harrison is elected and the next Congress Republican we will have a force bill such as the ingenuity of John Davenport or the devil piay suggest." The deafening cheers which followed this sentence gave evidence that the South, at least, would exert every possible effort to prevent either of the characters mentioned from ever having an opportunity to exercise their Ingenuity In the line of the Senator's warning. Hon. William L. Wilson of West Vir ginia, It is admitted by all, made the speech of his life In assuming the gavel as per manent chairman of the convention. In the whole speech there was not a stale expres sion, not a single hackneyed phrase. "There Is no self-government where the oeoDle do not control their own elections and lay their own tactics," was the first indirect allusion to the force bill, but the audience quickly caught the sentiment and the mam moth wigwam reverberated with a storm of enthusiasm. He denounced the political methods of the Republican party by saying that in every campaign the privilege of tax ing the people would continue to be bar tered for contributions to corrupt them at the polls, and that after every victory a new McKinley bill would be enacted to repay these contributions with taxes wrung from the people. Republican reciprocity he de nounced as being but a retaliation upon people for the necessities ot other people. He epitomized the Republican doctrine of protection by saying it meant, "If you aro forced by necessities or led on by follies to make bread higher and scarcer to our peo ple, you will make shoes and sugar higher and scarcer." ROUTINE PROCEEDINGS. Sena for Palmer Kindly Consents to Liven Matters Up. Chicago, June 22— Those having tickets of admission to tho Wigwam began assem bling early, and when, at 11:30, Temporary Chairman Owens called the convention to order and presented Rev. A. 11. Heney to offer prayer, 15,000 people occupied the great hall audience-room. When the preacher ceased his prayer for truer, broader, nobler Democracy that should work for the masses against the few, hand-clapping commenced, which finally grew to cheers. The committee on credentials announced that it would not be ready to report till 2 P. M. The committee on resolutions was then called and passed, not being ready to report. A committee was then appointed to learn when tho committee en credentials could report. R. Q. Mills entered the hall greeted by 6houts, which ran from Mills to Hill, and on motion Delegate Mills was invited to ad dress the convention. He replied that he was too ill to speak and on left the hall. Then on motion of the Michigan delega tion Senator Palmer of Illinois was invited to address the convention. When thogray hnired Senator appeared coming down the aisle the cheers grew to a roar. Palmer put bis hearers in a pleasant mood at once by telling a comical story and making light comments on the crowd. The keynote of Palmer's talk was for unity and co-opera tion. No skulkers were wanted in this great fight. Every man must work. This sentiment was cheered roundly by the con vention. "Select a solid Democrat for tnis contest; put the banner in his hand and then rally about him," said Palmer. "Hill is ths man," said a voice from the gallery, and the name of the New Yorker was caught up and shouted from side to side, and the sound grew and grew until both the cheers and the hisses died away. When the aged speaker claimed Illinois to be Democratic the shouts were fairly wild. The credentials committee then announced that it was ready to report, and John E. Lamb of Indiana presented the report of the committee. Sitting Delegate Barnard of the First Ohio district was seated. In L tab, C. L. Henderson and John T. Cain were seated. In New Mexico and Arizona the claim of each to six delegates was conceded. In Alabama the contesting delegation was given seats without votes. Morris and Davis were seated from the Dis trict of Columbia. The committee on permanent organiza tion reported W. L. Wilson of West Vir ginia for permanent chairman, aud S. P. Sheerin of Indiana for permanent secretary. CHAIR/HAN WILSON TALKS. Mr. McKinley Comes in for Some Bitter Abuse. Chicago, June 22.— Following the report of the committee on permanent organization a committee was appointed to conduct tho permanent chairman to the chair, and when ho was brought forward and introduced he proceeded to deliver his speech of accept ance as follows: Gentlemen of the Convention: I thank you most heartily for this honor and I shall try and meet the duties of the big- position to which you call me witn a spirit of fairness and equality that ls Democratic. This convention lias a high patriotic work to perform. We owe much to our party; we owe much to our country. The mis sion of the Democratic party Is to right lor the under dog. When that party is out of power we may be sure there Is an under dog to fight for, and that under dog Is generally the people. When that parly Is out of power we may be sure that some party Is in control of our Government that represents a section and not the whole country; that stands for a class and uot the whole people. Never was this truth brought hume to us more definitely than by the recent convention at Minneapolis, We were not de ceived as to their temper. We were not In doubt as to the purpose of our opponents, who bava taxed ys for years without excuse and without mercy. They now propose to disarm us of fur ther power to resist their exactions. Republican success in this campaign, when we look to the pany platform, the party candidates, or utter ances of party leaders, means the people ate to be still ped of tbelr franchise through the force bill In order that they may be snipped of their substance through the tarllf bills. Fiee Government is self-government. There Is no self-government where people do not con trol i lie i i own elections aud lay their owu taxes- lien either of those rights are taken away a diminished breach is made, not In the outer de fenses, but In the citadel of our freedom. For years we have been snuggling to recover the lost right of taxing ourselves, and vow we are, threatened with the loss of tbe great right of governing ourselves. The loss of one follows iv necessary succession the loss of tlie oilier. When you confer ou the Government the power of dealing out wealth you unchain every evil Hint caD prey upon you, and eventually destroy 'the free institutions— excessive taxation, class tax atlon, billion-dollar Confesses, corrupt civil ser vice, debauched ballot-box, and purchased elec tions. In every campaign the privilege of taxing the people will be bartered for and contributions raised to coi nipt them at the polls. Afier every victory the new McKinley bill wili help to repay ineso coutributlons with taxes wrung from the people. For every self-govern ing people there can be no more momentous question than the question of taxation. It is a question, liurke truly said, arenad which all great battles « t freedom be*, been fought; ills a question out of which giow all issues of ma Govern mem. Uutil we settle ibis question wisely, permanently and justly we build all other leloim. Una foundation of sand. We and the PRICE FIVE CENTS. Rieat party we represent aie to-day for tariff reform, because It is Hie only gateway to genuine democratic government. A distinguished leader who prodded over the Republican convention boasted tbat bo does not know what tariff reform is. Whoever said tie did. Let us hope, with that charity that en duieth all tilings and believetli all things, tbat helstiulyas Ignorant as he vaunts himself to be. Unfortunately u,e people are not so Igno rant of the meaning of protection; at least, ol protection which Is dealt cut to them in tbe bill that bears bis name. Tbey see tbe meaning will largely to-day in prostrated agriculture. In shackled commerce, In Strieker. industries, in compulsory idleness of labor, tv law • made wealth, lv discontent of the worklogmeu and the despair of the fanner. Tbey know by bard experience tbat protection, ns a ? tein of taxa tion, is but an old aud ciafty scheme by whicli the itch compel the poor to pay the expenses of the Government. Tbey know by bard experi ence that protection as a system tribute ts but an old and daily scheme by which Hie tower ot taxation ot ibe people is made the private prop eity ot a few of tbe ieop!e. I.i reform means to readjust this system ot taxaiion, aud purge away tins system of tribute. It means we bave not yet reached the goal or peifeit fieedcm so lang as any citizen Is foiced by law to iay tribute to any other citizen, and until our taxes aie proportioned according te the ability and duty of ibe tax-payer rather than to bis lgnotauce, bis weakness and bis patience. Governor McKltilcy further charges thai the Deuioci at ie party believes In taxing ourselves. I am aid, gentlemen, we must admit lids charge. What light or excuse nave we for lin ing anybody else witn a continent for our country and with freedom and Intelligence as instruments for its development? IV e would stand disgraced lv the eyes of mankind If we cannot and If we de not support our own Government. We can throw mat support on oilier people only by beg gary or by force. If we use ■ be one we are a pauper nation; if we use the other we are a pirate na tion, .be Democratic party does not Intend we should be either. Nor (toes it Intend that they shall falsely call It taxing other people to trans fer our taxes from Hie possessions of those who own property lv tills couutry to the bellies and backs of those who do the work of the country. It believes frugality is Hit- essential virtue of fiee government. It believes taxes should bo Hinted to the public needs and be levied by a plain i ule of justice ana economy. Bui, gentle men, we are confronted with a new cry in Hit* campaign. The Kei ubllcan party, says Governor McKln ley, now stands for protection and reciprocity. lie was for protection alone when be framed bis bill in tbe House, or rather pei nutted bis benefi cial tes to frame it lor bin, and fit miy resisted all (_oi ts of tbe Matt -in from Maine to annex teclpiocity to it. No wonder lie favors reciprocity, aided by the Senate. You may exploie He pages of burlesque literature for anything more supremely ludicrous than the so-called leciproclty of Hie Mckinley bill. It Is not reciprocity at all. it is retaliation, and worst of all retaliation on our own people. It punishes American citizens for necessities or follies more than other teoples. It says to the few small countries souib of it: "If you ate forced by your necessities or fed by your follies to make bread higher and scat eer to your people you will make shoes and sugar higher and scarcer to our people." And now wo are told reciprocity is to be tbelr battle-cry. Already wo are regaled with pictures of Benjamin Harrison clad In am. or going foith to bailie for tbe icrt proclty of Hie plumed steed. Simple Simon fish ing for whales in his liioihei's iiiiu-b.uiel, ai.d in great tiiiuuph catching an occasional wiggle-waggle, is the only nue and refills Is picture of reciprocity of the Mc Kin ley act. We are for prop etion that protects, and lor reci procity tbat reciprocates. We are In favor of pro tecting eveiy man In Hie enjoyment of tbe fruit of his own labor, diminished only by hi. proper contribution to the support of tbe Gov ernment, aud we are for tbat real reciprocity, not through dickering diplomacy aud Presi dential proclamations, but by the laws of Con- gress, tti.it removes all unnecessary obstacles be tween the American producer and the markets be ts obliged to seek for bis products. lv so large a convention as ibis It would be ominously strange if there were not some dif ferences of opinion on matters of policy, soma diffeieuces of judgment or prefe.ctice as to choice ot candidates. A sign of true democracy Is in maiiy voices and within limits. True freedom is tumultous; It wears no collars; it serves no masters. It ls not forme, gentlemen, tlie impartial servant of you all, to attempt t. foreshadow what your choice should be or ought to be In tbe selection under your own sense of responsibility to the people whom you represent and to your country. One thing ouiy I venture to say: Whoever may be your chosen louder la tbls campaign, no telegram will flash across tbe sea from the castie ab-eutee of the tariff lords to congratulate bim, but from tbe borne of tbe laborer, from the fireside of tbe toller, from ttio hearts of all who love justice and equity, who wish and intend our matchless heritage of free dom shall be the commonwealth ot all of our people and the common opportunity of all of our youth, will come up prayers for bis success and recruits for Hie great Democratic host that muse strike down Hie beast of sectionalism and ilia Moloch of mono; before we can. have ever gained i lie people's government and have It iuu by tbe people's faithful representatives. Wilson's sneech was received with fre quent bursts of applause. Delegate Phelps of Missouri presented the chairman, on behalf of the miners of Mis souri, a gavel of zinc, as a protest against the tariff ou that metal. THE UNIT RULE. Cleveland's Friends Hold Control of the Orw ganization All Right. Chicago, June 22.— At the close of Wil son's speech W. 11. English of Indiana presented the report of the committee on rules, making the rules of the last national Democratic convention the rules of* this convention. The report was adopted. The unit rule, heretofore in force, therefore holds in this convention. The roll was then called for the naming by States of their national committeemen. While the list was being made uo Ex- Governor Campbell of Ohio, in response to persistent calls, spoke for five minutes, clos ing with the phrase, "W hen November rolU around keep your eye on Ohio-" Loud cheers greeted this sieakeralso. A committee was then sent to learn when the committee on resolutions would lie prepared to report, and the convention ad journed uutil 5 p. m. WHISPERINGS OF WAR. A Minority Report Presented on Behalf of Free Silver. Chicago, June Every man, specta tor or delegate, who held a ticket knew full well as he went into the Wigwam this afternoon that before the session was over the battle would be on. 'ihe atmosphere was charged heavily with moisture. Tna men iv the galleries look off their coats, aud how the women maintained life none but themselves know. The New York dele gation came first into the hall, and a genu ine Tammany yell came from the benches Immediately behind the alternates. The cry of Hill went up, nnd a sound like that of escaping steam shot from the floor aud grew to a whistling, hissing storm. The great throng, however, subsided when Chairman Wilson thumped his desk and the oession began. Key. Thomas Green offered prayer. At the conclusion of the prayer the band rendered "America." W. W. Vandiver of Georgia moved that the convention adjourn until 11 o'clock to morrow. The motion was lost and the announcement of tbe vote was received with cheers. Dur ing tha time which elapsed after the calling of the convention to order and before tho committee on resolutions were ready to re port caucusing among the different "delega tions progressed with great activity. When the chairman announced that the committee on resolutions was ready to re port howls of applause went up from all quarters. Colonel Jones, chairman of the commit tee, mounted the platform amid great cheers and said: "I am instructed by the com mittee on resolutions to present as the re port of that committee the following resolu tions and to move their adoption. Patterson of Colorado interrupted the speaker with the announcement that lie rep resented the minority of the committee and wished to stale that the minority expected to be heard before the previous question was put. Vilas of Wisconsin then read the platform as prepared by the majority. THE PLATFORM. This May Be Regarded as Sound Democratic Doctrine. Chicago, June 22— The platform, as it came from the committee and as It was read by Senator Vilas, was as follows: The representatives of th. Democratic party