VOLUME LXXII. — NO. 54.
SHOT AND STABBED.
D. ft Friek, tlic Carnegie Manager,
ALEXANDER .BERKJLtf, BIS ASSAILANT.
The Assassin Forres His Way Into Frirl's Private
Office and Fires Three Sh.ts— Frick
Special to The Morn- inc. Caix.
PiTTBrRO, July 23. — A desperate and
almost successful attempt was made this
afternoon to assassinate Henry Clay Frick,
chairman of the Carnegie Steel Company
(limited). His assailant was Alexander
Berkman, a Russian
Jew, who came here
from New York with
the evident intention of
lt was a few minutes
before - o'clock this af
ternoon when a young
man entered the eleva
tor in the Telegraph
building aud asked to
be let off at Prick's office.
The young man had
been a frequent visitor
H. C. Frick.
during the past few days, and the elevator
boy thought nothing unusual of the request.
Two minutes later the occupants of the
building and the passers-ny on Fifth ave
nue were startled by three pistol-shots, fired
in rapid succession.
The man had tried to assassinate the great
steel master, but the latter, notwithstanding
two bnliet-wcunds and four ugly gashes
from a dagger, is still alive aud will proba
Before the man came in Mr. Lpishmau,
the business partner of Mr. Frick, had en
tered the oftice and was holding a private
conference. The office-boy noticed a man
me in hurriedly from the outside and pass
through the railing, but before he could
stop him the stranger had entered the
private office. He sprang to within about
five feet of Frick. and quickly drawing a re
volver, pulled the trigger. The first car
tridge did not cxi lode, but the second shot,
entering the back of Prick's neck, glanced
downward and passed out below the
Prick jumped to a window on Fifth ave
nue and tried to open it, but could not.
Berkman rushed up to him Again and fired,
the ball entering the left side of the necK
and passing around to a lodgment under the
right ear. At this moment Mr. Leisbman
threw himself on the assassin and struggled
to get the revolver. He clutched the barrel
and turned the muzzle up as the man pulled
tbe trigger again, the bail entering the ceil
Stabbed With a Pr.-jper.
The desperate man then drew a dagger
ard attempted to stab Leisbman. Prick
saw the gl- am of the steel, and although
staggered by the shock of bis wounds and
bleeding profusely, jumped between the
men aud seized Berkman's arm. The latter
freed himself from Leishmau'fl grasp and
plunged the dagger into Frick's right side
just above the hip, making an ugly wound
three inches long.
He made another lunge and this time the
knife struck higher up, bat the point struck
a rib and glanced without inflicting much
injury. Twice again was the knife thrust
at Frick, but he was merely scratched. By
this time the office clerks and Deputy Sheriff
The Arsasslu Arrested.
May had drawn his revolver and was
about to shoot Berkman in the back when
Frick cried out: "Don't kill hip. We've
got him ali right. Leave him to the law."
The man broke away and tried to escape,
but was secured and taken to the station.
In five minutes half a dozen surgeons
were on hand and Flick's wounds were
auickly attended tj. He was calm, had
perfect command of his faculties and ap
parently was less excited than any other
person in the room. From time to time he
made suggestions, and half an hour after
the shooting be dictated a message to An
drew Carnegie about the assault.
At his request all communication with
his residence was shut off, and his brother
in-law was sent to Inform Ins wife and to
reassure her. She had given birth to a
child ten days ago and was still confined to
her room, but though greatly distressed she
bore herself bravely.
Will Prob-ibW Recorer.
After considerable difficulty the bullet
lodged In his neck was removed and Prick
was soon resting easier. The news created
Intense excitement, and telegrams poured
in on Frick from people, high and low,
from various part- of the country. At no
time did be express fear as to his condition
and after the removal of the bullet he dic
tated a letter to his stenographer and re
ceived reports ab ut the condition of affairs
Frick refused all medicine until 5 o'clock,
when he was given a sedative and was soon
He was removed to his home soon after 7
o'clock, and his physician, Dr. Litchfield,
is confident that he will recover, although
At midnight he was resting easily.
BUrruED WITH dynamite*.
Two Deadly Cartridges T.-.knn From the
PITTSBTJBO, July 23.— The news of the
attempted assassination spread like wild
fire, and five minutes after the shootmg
Fifth avenue from Market to Wood streets
was black with people and the greatest in
dignation was expressed at the cowardly
When Berkman was brought out A the
building by the police officers to be taken to
the Central station cries were heard of
"Shoot hira now"; some shouted, "Let him
have what he gave Frick," but the better
element stepped forward and helped to
-keep the assassin from the violence of the
Berkman was subjected to a searching
examination at the station and two dyna
mite cartriages were found ln his month.
Berkman bad to be choked till black in
the face befoie he would open his mouth to
allow the dynamite cartridges to bo taken
It was evidently his intention to follow
the example of Louis Lingg, the Chicago
Haymarket anarchist, to commit so icide by
exploding the cartridges in his mouth. It
appears the caps would not work and the
After the dynamite cartridges had been
taken from his uiouth Berkmau became
more communicative. He told the In
spector he was 20 fears of age and had been
working as a compositor on a New York
paper, He declined to give the name of the
Saper. He said he came to Pittsburg the
ay before yesterday.
THE DEED FIttMEDITAIED.
Tlie Assas-iln Lying ln Wait for Hit.
PlTTSi!i;n<--, July 23.-B<-rkman Is still in
the Central station to-night, and all at
tempts to interview him aro unavailing. A
charge of felonious assault bas been pre
ferred against him and the police authori
ties lay that bail will be refused. Several
people who have seen him say he was
present at the anarchist meeting recently
addressed by Ilerr Most in this city. He
bas undoubtedly been in this city some
time, having called at the Carnegie office
Thursday and Friday. This morning he
called aid sent in a card reading, "A. Berk
man, Agent, New York Employment Com
pany." Frick was busy at the time, and in
a lew minutes Berkman left. He was seen
lounging about the street door for some
time, Htid evidently intended making an at
tack as Frick waß entering or leaving the
building. V.'. 7
Until ten days ago Frick had been receiv
ing Severn) crank letters every day, but
then they ceased, iesierday another one
came which notified him that he had but 24
hours to live. This was probably from
AT Jill noitKs.
The Workman Condemn the A «*»-*• nit on
Frick, but the Ou>rtU Doubled.
Homestead, July 23.— The shooting of
Manager Friek to-day had the effect of
causing renewed precautions in the military
The Sunday Call.
camp here, and extra guards have been
thrown around General Snowden's head
quarters, the reason given beiug that the
strikers are displaying much bitterness
toward the general for his rigid enforce
ment of the rules and his determined and
unbending stand generally. Some of the
strikers to-night, when they were told of the
extra precautions beiug taken to prevent
any mishap, yere indignant and pro
nounced It an attempt to bring them into
discredit by connecting them belore the
public with the attack on Prick.
The Prick affair has also led to a marked
increase in the number of deputies here and
the abandonment of all meetings of the
men, except the advisory board, for fear
that some one might indulge in hot-headed
talk. The workmen generally deplore the
affair, saying that it cannot fail to damage
At midnight the advisory board gave out
a resolution to the press which had been
adopted, condemning the assault on Mr.
Prick and tendering him their sympathy.
President Wei tie of the Amalgamated As
sociation was much affected at the news of
the shooting of Frick. Be emphatically de
nounced the action of the assailant, and de
clared him an assassin at heart, an enemy, not
onty to the country, but to organized labor
all over the United States, and said: "1
hope the greatest punishment the law
allows will be inflicted upon the dastardly
and cowardly assailant of Mr. PricK."
O'Donnell did not secure his release on
bail to-day, as after hearing tbe elaborate
arguments of both side*, Judge Magee ad
journed the heating until Monday.
THE ASSASSIN AN ANARCHIST.
Iterk man Well Known .->« a ltabld Anar
chist In New York.
New To uk, .July 23.— the man locked
up in Pittsburg for attempting to murder
H. C. Prick is Alexander Berkman, formerly
of this city, he is an anarchist of the m* st
radical style. About six years ago Berk
man, who is a Russian Jew, came to this
city from Wllua, Russia. He made himself
conspicuous by his marked radical views
against capitalists, and it is said he at
tempted to organize a group for the express
purpose of going about the country to ex
terminate capitalists, In 1891 lie secured a
position in the composing-room of Triebier,
Herr Host's paper, where be worked a short
lime. He lias recently been idling about
the nnar-bi«.t haunt In this city without ap
parently doing sny work. The police are
of the opinion that Berkman was simply the
agent of the anarchists here, and was sent
to Pittsburg for the express purpose of kill
ing Prick. The detectives are working on
the matter here.
MORE MEN AT WOKK.
Upward of 500 Non-Union Employes Now
in the .Mill-.
PITTSBUBO, July 23. There Is nothing
new in the general situation to-night at the
different points. The steamer Tide took up
a lot of non-union men this afternoon, and
SCO men are now said to beat work. The
Amalgamated Association is greatly elated
because of the signing of the new scale by
the Illinois Steel Company. A thorough
search up and down the river to-night fails
to corroborate the rumor which has been
circulated that a number of non-union men
were thrown iuto the river from the steamer
THE ASSASSIN'S REASONS.
Why Berkman Wad ted to I'ut Frick Out
of the tVa*r.
Ne"W7Yohk. July 23.— A morning paper
prints an interview alleged to have been
had in Pittsburg with Berkmnu, the
would-be assassin of Frick. The re
porter says that the prisoner, at
first, refused to say anything, talk
ing about the capitalistic press, etc., but
when the reporter addressed him in German
he warmed up and began to talk. He asked
if Frick was dead, and expressed disap
pointment when told that Prick's wounds
were probably not mortal. When asked why
he shot Prick, Berkn an went on with a long
Harangue, in which he said th it no one had
ever been benefited by Prick living. On the
contrary, he had made thousands miser
able in Homestead. The people would
soon bo suffering the pr-rigs of hunger on
his account, and tbous of men are Idle
now because they can*- return to work with
out sacrificing their seL-respect. Six work
logmen were buried here last week, mid all
this was charges to Prick. Such a man
is a dog and should die.
"I wanted to kill htm," said Berkman,
"and I'm ready to die for it."
He continued that he came to Pittsburg
merely for the purpose of killing Prick. He
bad been thinking it ever for a long time.
He knew if he killled Prick escape was
out of the question, but lie decided that be
-a as only one, and his death would be
nothing compared with the happi
ness of thousands of workers who
would bless his memory. The men could
then win the strike and the downtrodden of
the country would rejoice. He was very
sorry now that he had made a bungle of the
job. as his life would probably be wasted.
When ask-d why he wanted to kill Frick
rather than other rich men, Berkman said a
beginning bad to bo made somewhere, and
Frick was more prominent as the oppressor
of the poor than any other capitalist in the
Berkman declined to talk about his iden
tity or to say whether he intended explod
ing the dynamite cartridges he had in his
mouth after the fashion of L'mzg. He had,
he said, uo immediate intention of killing
Statement That the Prick Family Had
ii •-•-ii Given Poison.
New York, July 23.— A Wheeling (W.
Va.) special to the World says: Hubert V.
Alexander, a Pittsburg frescoer who Is
working here, last night*- received a letter
from his sweetheart, who is employed as a
domestic in the Prick household. .She said
that within the last four days a desperate
attempt had been made to poison the entire
Frick household. Mrs. Frick and her in
fant son were made dangerously sick, and
tlie wife of Prick's coachman is In a dying
SCENE IN CONG ESS.
Altercation Between Oaten nn-1 thn Rep
resentative of the Knight*.
Washington, July 23.— There was a
lively scene this morning in the House,
just beforo assembling, and John Devlin of
the executive committee of the Knights of
Labor came near getting a blow from Gen
eral Oates, a one-armed Confederate veteran,
and at present chairman of the special com
mittee investigating the Homestead trouble
and the Pinkerton system. The trouble
crew out of criticisms made by Devlin on
tne conduct of yesterday's examination of
the Pinkertons and his insinuations that
the adjournment of the committee taken
to enable the members to vote on the
deficiency appropriation bill had actually
been taken to give the Pinkertons time to
prime themselves with answers to the ques
tions propounded by the Knights of Labor.
His manner, as well as his words, offended
General Oates, who told him that the
committee had treated him and his asso
ciates with extraordinary consideration,
having given tiieir questions precedence
over those of the committee, and that his
criticism now was impertinent. More
words followed and Oates told Devlin he
might go to a warm plare. Devlin again
charged that the committee had taken the
recess at the instance of the Pinkertons.
Oates retorted that Devlin was a liar. The
two men were about to come to blows when
EXPRESSIONS OF REGRET.
Members of Both Hounen of Cnngrcti
Lumont th* Heed.
Washington, July 23.— The Senators and
Representatives seen this afternoon and
evening expressed great regret at the shoot
ing of Frick In Pittsburg to-day. feeling
that it would have a bad effect on the cause
of the men, whom many would hold charge
able for the occurrence, in spite of the lad
that the assabsiu was not connected with
the order. .--TV*
Chairman Oates of the Investigating com
mittee said it was a deplorable occurrence,
but it was not a great surprise to him, con
sidering the agitated state of mind and con
ditions existing between the Carnegie Com
pany and the men at Homestead. It was
a very serious situation there, and because
of what he saw on his visit he was not
greatly surprised when he heard of the
0 posed to Indiscriminate Immigration.
Pittsburg, July 23. —The National Con
vention of Window-glass Workers passed «
resolution giving notice to Congress that it
will hold the dominant party of that body
responsible if it passes the Stump immi
gration b:il instead of the Stone bill, de
claring the former in the interest of steam
ships and railroads, which foster indiscrim
inate immigration, and calling on all citi
zens to make it an issue in the Congressional
SAX FRAXCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 24, 1892— SIXTEEN PAGES.
THE BALANCE OF POWER.
Gladstone's Position Dependent on the
Efforts of the Radicals to Control the Tolic} of the
ioitTfliufnt-Prosp'-rts for Home-Hole
Special to Thk M.<kmku Cai.u
New York, July 23.— Smalley's special
cablegram from London says: What will
Gladstone do with a majority dependent on
the vote of the Irish members? That is a
question which political sections are no
discussing. The English and Scotch ra •
cals have submitted some dining p
grammes nud proposals for the consider^
tion of the Liberal chief. It is the kernel of
all of them that a quarrel mast be picked
with the House of Lords so that upon
another appeal to the constituencies, which
ls universally admitted as probable at an
early day, home rule pure and simple will
not be the only issue laid before the elec
How the quarrel shall be provoked is a
matter of dispute among Mr. Gladstone's
constituted advisers. Some, like Mr. La
bouebere, would put home rule in the
secondary place or altogether on the back
seat, and would raise the issue over regis
tration, one man ona vote, local option, or
some other plank of the Newcastle flat
form, for it is leared that the English elec
tors will not march to the sound of the home
rule drum alone. Others, like the radical
meeting at Sir William Harcou-rt'a yester
day, so lar realized Gladstone's personal
earnestness about forcing on home rule that
they are not suggest that it should be
set aside la favor of anything else, but
that other British measures of reform shall
be run with i:, up Boneef which the final
quarrel with the Lends may be provoked.
Deßlgii of Hie .ml In.
The chief design of these radicals, no
doubt, is to prepare for the next election by
enlarging the register, admitting more
masses in their dealing with the promised
home rule for Ireland. Gladstone, how
ever, cannot adopt this course without a
reckoning with the Irish members. Their
acquiescence is absolutely necessary. Glad
stone's promises about pressing forward
homo rule cannot be abandoned without
Irish assent. In the early days of the re
cent election the Liberal leaders even indi
cated that the London programme mu-t be
wholly set aside tor home rule. More re
cently he ha* talked about the necessity of
reviewing the whole situation, and two
days ago he a*> nelly spoke tenderly of the
Liberal-Unionists, as though they were not
beyond the pale of his friendship, if they
gave him their votes.
Bat tlie Irish members may not be con
tent with this project. Certainly they do
not care to see British reforms trotted for
-ward in front of home rule. The Irish
members may conclude that if home rule is
relegated to a secondary place the proposed
quarrel of the English radicals with the
louse of Lords may end In a Gladstonlau
victory at the next general election so
complete that it will give him a majority
independently of the Irish party, and tho
home-rule bill which Will then follow will
be less after Irish desires than if modeled
as matters now stand under the iufluence of
the controlling Irish vote.
The radical vote of to-day Is largely non
conformist. It is not enthusiastic toward
the Irish priesthood, and would gladly pre
fer a home-rule measure containing severe
restrictions equally. On the other hand
the Irish members are not eager to have
their home-rule dish seasoned by a non
contormist flavoring, which will certainly
bo the case li Gladstone's majority hereafter
should be independent of the Irish vote.
Hence the tactics of the English radicals in
the last few days find no particular response
among the Irish members. On th cou
trary there seems to bo a disposition among
the lri*»h to stand aloof altogether and de
mand that Gladstone proceed according to
The Irish certainly will notcommit them
selves till informed what Mr. Gladstone in
tends proposing, ana are much too cute
politicians to allow themselves to be Juggled
by the English and Scotch radicals for the
sake of British reforms. That Gladstone
luily realizes his embarrassment was
evinced by this week's speech, abounding
in courtesies toward the Liberal-Unionists.
He apparently thinks that as they do not
have to keep their friends in oilico they may
become more'liberal and may feel bound by
self-interest and the safety of their own
seats to support .me of those English re
forms which would commence to command
their sympathies lf there was no question
of home rule. Vv- -.
CHOLERA » I'll ISA DING.
An Increased Mortality in Many Placei in
St. Petersburg, July 23.— Cholera is in
creasing at Saratoff. The death rate at
Samara is higher. With fewer cases, there
Is at Astrakhau a decrease in the mortality.
July 19 t ere were 198 new cases and 57
deaths, agaiust 195 cases and 132 death*
July 18. July 19 there were 57 new cases
and 43 deaths "at Samara, against 75 new
cases and .''.ii deaths July 18. At Saratoff
there were 119 now cases and 57 deaths,
ngainst SO new cases and 11 deaths on July
18. At Boston* there were 84 now cases and
31 death-. At Tsaritzin July IS there 89 new
cases and 54 deaths, and at Azoff 40 new
cases and 22 deaths.
Advices from Saratoff are to theeffect that
the town is garrisoned with troops for the
purpose of suppressing disorders duo to the
intense excitement in connection with the
cholera epidemic. The epidemic continues
to grow worse there.
Disorders of a similar nature have oc
curred in other cholera-infected places
owing to the lower classes not understand
ing the sanitary regulations, In two
places hospitals have boen destroyed by
Several passengers on a steamer having
died of cholera, the captain refused to allow
any one to laud here. The passengers re
volted. The captain got word lo the shore
and a launch filled with armed soldiers was
sent out. The troops bred upon the muti
neers and compelled the vessel to proceed.'
Vienna, July 23.— According to roports
THE FOOTMARKS OF MONOPOLY.
in Austro- Polish papers a workman died of
the plague at Baku, July '2. The doctors
declared it a case of the plague, but the
Governor denied it and forbade mention of
the mat in the newspaper*. No preven
tive measures were ordered by the authori
ties. The plague spread and large numbers
of the inhabitants havo since died. The
disease cane from Meshed. Three years
ago the hospital authorities at Jaroslav, on
tio- Volga River, had pipes secretly con
structed to convey hospital sewage Into the
river just above where the town obtains its
water supply aud the inhabitants of the
town have been drinking poisoned water
ever since. If a similar state of affairs ex
ists at other towns this pollution may ex
plain tho spreading of the cholera along the
Istone's Work Said to Ile Too Arduous.
iln Xew Administration.
London, July 23.— A Times' editorial
says: "Mr. Gladstone will meet with no ob
struction from the Government, but before
be thinks of selecting a Cabinet he must
consider whether he ought to undertake
the duties of the Cabinet at all. It is Idle
to pretend that he is not bowing signs of
the increasing pressure of old age." The
Times then proceeds to dilate upon the
heavy work that will fall OB blur if he will
Insist that ho himself sbaU defend every
part of the home-rule bill In debate, and
adds: "No Government ever relied on tha
support of a contingent even remotely re
sembling the character of the Irish factions,
of which -ii members, according to the find
ing of a special commissi! bad engaged In
criminal conspiracy with revolutionary ob
jects and who, for the sake of the pecuniary
help they received from the Clttn-ua-Gael
and other extreme Bhti-Engl-sb plotters lv
Amen.'!, abstained from condemning the
use ot dynamite."
T. P. o*Co nor, writing in his paper, the
Sunday Sun, gives a forecast of the new
administration: Premier and First Lord xl
the Treasury, William E. Gladstone; Chan
cellor of the Exchequer, sir William Ver
non Harcoitrt; I. rd President of the Coun
cil, Earl Spencer; Chief Secretary for
Ii eland, John Morley; Secretary of Foreign
Affairs, Karl of R .so bery; Secretary of
War, Right IFn. Henry Campbell Banner
man; Secretary for India, Earl of Ktm
berley; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Earl
O'Connor says: "The office of Lord Chan
cellor has been offered to Lord Utrschell,
but it is reported that Lord Coleridge is
ready to take the Chancellorship and thus
enable Sit Charles Russell to t*ike the Chief
Justiceship, when llcrsrhell will take anon
legal Cabinet office. Sir George Trevelvan
will probably be the First Lord of the Ad
miralty, Bight Hon. Henry 11. Fowler
Homo Secretary, J. Bigby Attorney-Gen
eral or Solicitor-General, Henry Labou
chcre Postmaster • General, Bight Hon.
Arthur W. Feel Speaker of the Commons
and Herbert Gladstone Financial Secretary
of tne Treasury."
Edward Majorlbanks will have the office
of ebiel ministerial whip if bo chooses.
Sydney Buxton and Richard Knight Gaus
ton are suro of (daces, the latter probably
being made a baronet. O'Connor does not
believe that Arnold Morley will be elevated
to the peerage, but will probably take a
higher place and eventually become Speaker.
Referring to the Conservative assertion
that the movement in fay. of postponing
tho tioiiie-rule bill is gaming strength
among the Radicals; O'Connor says he as
sumes that the assertion is founded on the
articles in seme Liberal organs, nnd adds:
"I cannot' answer Liberals and Liberal
journalists, but I can interpret the views of
Irishmen, and the answer is thai it will not
do. Home ruia must be the first and chief
business of the new Government, Any
faltering or postponement of home rule will
compel the Irish party to oppose the
CAN Ati TOLLS.
Canada Threatens to Retaliate Against Tax
ing Her Vesssli.
Ottawa, Out., July 23— It is reported on
good authority that the Dominion Govern
ment, in the event of President Harrison's
enforcing the act imposing an equal tax on
Canadian vessels passing through Sault Ste.
Mar.* canal, will pass an order in council
imposing a tax on American vessels passing
through the Welland canal. This, it is de
clared, will not be any more of an invasion
of the treaty of Washington than threat
ened American decree, as the United States
Government, by the same treaty, agreed to
secure for Canadians, on the same terms as
American-, the use of the Sault Ste. Marie
canal, at that time owned by the State of
Toronto, July 23.— Commenting nn the
proposed retaliation measure of the United
States Government against Canada in the
matter of canals, the Toronto News, a Lib
eral-Conservative newspaper, in an ed
itorial headed "Give Blow for Blow," says
it should be the policy of the Dominion
Government to cultivate the most friendly
relations with the United States. But it is
good to understand that this is not to be
brought about by lying down and allowing
the Americans to walk over us. It is the
duty ot our Government to return blow for
blow. Thn Americans employed in this
country should be dealt with as the Cana
dian laborers are dealt with across the line.
If the Americans want fi-ht, and nothing
else will do, give them enough of it
The Montreal Star prints an editorial
couched in similar language.
Seventeen Days Without Food.
Bronx, July Three men buried a
long time in a mine nt Giiin, Bohemia, have
been rescued alive. They wero without
food for 17 days, and when found were in a
terribly emaciated condition. They were
so weak that they were unable to rise.
Elections in Manitoba.
Winnipeg, July 23— The elections to
day resulted in the return of the Green way
government to power by a majority of seven
over the opposition. The ouestion of na
tional schools or separate schools was the
great issue of the campaign, the victory be
iug for the former.
German Troops Crois ths Frontier.
Paris, July 23.— The Nancy Journal pub
lishes a report that 30 man soldiers re
cently crossed the French frontier betweeu
Tousscy and Avricourton, passing along the
road leading to Chateau-Salins, and visiting
a trench farm, where they stayed a long
lime. According to tho same report a
squadron of German cavalry crossed the
frontier at the same point, aiihongh the
boundary line is clearly marked by posts.
STREAMS OP LAVA.
The Eruptions of Mount Etna Increasing in
Rome, July 23.— The eruptions of Mount
Etna are increasing in v o!ence, and espe
cially so on th- western side of the moun
tain. Villages at the foot of the mountain
are shaken almost continually by earth
quake?, and the inhabitants pass hours
dally in i raver in the opeu streets.
The stream of lava approaching Nicolosl
lost force last night, but this afternoon be
gan flowing toward the town. The lava
streams have already destroyed many
mountain huts. King Humbert has sent
20,000 francs to be distributed among the
people who hive lost their homes or have
been driven from them by force.
AFFAIRS IN GERMANY.
fteeautiou.s Against the Plague— A Cabi
nit Crisis Impending.
'Copyrighted, Ist 2, by the New Vest Associated
I Berlin, July 23.— The advance of the
«f.o!era toward tlte Russian frontier ab
sorbs the attention el the public to the ex
clusion of nil other topics. Tno health of
Berlin is fairly good, the only disturbing
sign being some cases of cholerina, which is
common at tins time of the year. Tho most
rigid precautions are being taken by the
Government. Advices from various Rus
sian points afford but Utile hope that the
epidemic will be stayed. The announce
ment lroui St. Petersburg regarding the
enforcement of sanitary regulations iv
the stricken districts do not correspond
with the facts as seen by the German physi
cians, who report a dire lack of sanitation,
miserable quarantine service aud bad ar
rangement of the hospitals.
The Bulgarian Government, with the ap
proval of Germany and Austria, is preparing
to protest against the Russian official con
nivance In plots against Ferdinand. Bis
marck will leave Kisslugen for homo on
Monday next, and is looked for to open out
to a speech at some of the rccept ons wh ich
will be tendered him eu route. 'I be Munich
Allcgemeine Zeltung prophesies the early
dismissal of Caprivi and lne installment of
Count yon Euleuberg in the chancellorship.
A split set-ms Imminent in the Conserva
tive party, as the extreme right's pro
gramme is very distasteful to the
moderates, In the event of a dis
ruption tho extreme Conservatives are
likely to coalesce with the centrists,
while the free Conservatists will unite
with the National Liberals, and on some
questions with tho Freisiumges the Gov
ernment will be placed in a fearful condition
and the Chancellor probably be made to
pny dearly for his relations with the
clericals. , • _
Emperor William has ordered prayers
in all the churches to-morrow for the happy
accouchement of the Empress. In Septem
ber be will go to Sweden and spend Some
time with King Oscar in hunting elk.
John Stum, an Alsatian, who lived 50
veais in America, recently returned here,
and has been addressing meetings urging
liis countrymen to emigrate. The Govern
ment has suppressed tlio movement aud ex
Barrett's American Tour.
London, July 23.— Wilson Barrett will
sail for America with his company October
19. After appearing in all the Eastern cities
Ibe company will return to London and
Barrett will proceed to San Francisco to
fulfill an engagement at the Stock well The
ater. Supported by the local company he
will play all the old favorites and two new
ones— an adaptation of "The Boudinau"
and "My Pleasant Sins."
An Officer Censured.
Berlin, July 23.— The case of the steamer
Trave of the North German Lloyd line,
which recently collided with and cut ln two
the ship Fred B. Taylor, has been tried.
The court blamed First Officer Meissel of
the Trave for driving his steamer too fast
through the fog, but at the same time praised
the sailorlike action of the officer when the
collision was seen to he imminent.
Short' Won ths Race.
London, July 23.— The 24 hours' bi
cycling contest opeued at the Heme Hill
grounds at 8:05 o'clock last night. At the
conclusion of the fourteenth hour F. W.
Shortlaad had ridden 243 miles and 160
yards, beating the record by 1 hour and 53
minutes. Shortland beat the best previous
bicycling record for 24 hours by 54 milt's to
Patii's American Tour.
London*, July 23.— Marcus Maver has
concluded a contract, whereby Pa tti agrees
to sing uuder his management in 40 concerts
in America at $5000 a night, beginning in
New York, November 10. She declares on
this trip that she will sing in 17 American
towns that she has never visited befoie,
going as far west as Portland, Or.
Italy's Silver Delegates.
Rosin. July 23.— Signor Luzzatti, who
held the oflice of Minister of the Treasury
in the Bodlal Cabinet, and Signor Zeppa,
an economic expert, have been offered the
appointment as delegates to the Inter
national silver conference. ;V V
Arabs in Revolt.
London, July 23.— The Arabs of Yangwe,
on the upper Congo, have revolted ngainst
the Congo Free State and cut off communi
cation with Tanganyika.
Scotland Won the Pri«3.
London, July 23.— At the Bisley rifle
meeting Scotland won the national challenge
trophy with an aggregate score of lU'.'-.'.
A Smuggler Captured.
Quebec. July '.'3.— Bouchard, the smug
gler,' has been captured by the militia and
brought to tbis port.
MUST PAY THEIR DEBTS.
Senator Morgan Goes After the Pacific
Dill Proposed lo Establish Government Supervision
Until the Debt Is r_id in
Special to Tub MoßNi.va C.*r.r..
Washinoton, July 23— Senator Morgan
of Alabama has resolved that the Union
and Central Pacific railroads ought to be
made to pay their debts due to the United
State* Government. In the Senate to-day
he introduced a bill providing for boards of
directors for these respective railroads, to
consist of 15 citizens of the United States,
five to be elected by the stockholders of
each of the said corporations, and having
the qualifications now prescribed by law,
and 10 directors to be appointed by the
President of the United State?, to be se
lected as far as may be from the leading
commercial, industrial, professional arid ag
ricultural classes, without reference to po
litical affiliations, none of them to be stock
holders or bondholders in any railroad com
pany, canal or water transportation com
pany, and not in any business as common
The said 10 directors are to hold office for
two year*, subject to removal by the Presi
dent. These, together with the other five,
shall constitute the board of directors with
the same powers as now conferred upon the
existing boards of directors of these roads.
Each member shall receive from the com
pany an annual salary of $10,000 besides his
actual traveling expenses while necessa
rily engaged in service relating to the road.
The President may appoint the same per
sons as directors of each of the said corpo
rations, but without an increase of salary,
and in this case the said corporations shall
pay the salaries and traveling expenses in
Powers of the Directors.
In addition to the powers now conferred
by law upon the Union Pacific and Central
Pacific Railway directors, they are empow
ered to contract with stockholders or bond
holders or the creditors secured by mort
gage of either of said corporations for a full
and final settlement of the debts and out
standing obligations of either of said roads,
subject to rati fiest on by Congress, or, in
like manner and subject to like ratification,
they may contract with any persons or cor
porations forthe sale or lease of either or
any part of nil their property, rights aud
interest of every kind, including their cor
porate franchise; said corporations shall bo
liable for and bound by the acts aud conduct
of their respective boards of directors with
out recourse against the United States on
tho part of any persons who may have
cause of complaint against either corpora
tion. All laws in contravention of this are
repealed. This act is to expire when all the
debts due or to fall due to the United States
from either corporation are fully paid up,
or when the same are secured to the satis
faction of Congress.
Must fay the Debt.
Senator Morgan said to Tin: Call cor
respondent that it was a shame that the
("over i. ment should permit these roads to
evade the payment of tln-ir just debts, and
he proposed to see if he could not bring
them to terms. He believes that a majority
of the Senators will act with him. Senator
Morgan has kept pretty well posted ou
California railroads and transportation
matters, and is fully aware of the way the
Southern Pacific Company squeezes the San
Francisco shippers, and how this company
is enabled to stifle all competition by fair
or foul means, and ho may have something
to say to the Senate on this subject here
after upon the information he has received.
The Hydraulic Ml nine Bill.
The Senate Committee on Mines and
Mining held another meeting tins morning
to consider Caminetti's hydraulic mining
bill. No quorum was present, but the ex
pression of sentiment of tlu.se present
was favorable to some measure looking to
the resumption of hydraulic mining in Cali
fornia and the erection of works to restrain
the debris from finding its way iuto the
streams. It is not considered probable,
however, that the bill will be reported this
session, as the Senators of that committee
think it a big question and one that should
be considered very carefully. Senator
Uate is likely to give the bill more trouble
than any one else.
Nitrite of the New Cruiser.
Secretary Tracy to-day directed that the
triple screw* cruiser No. 12, heretofore
known as "the Pirate," be named Columbia.
This is in recognition of the four hundredth
anniversary of the discovery of America, of
the seat of our Government and the capital
of the State of South Carolina. ■*..
Mitnley Ko-lKti-i tin Postmaster.
Joseph 11. Mauley, having accepted a
membership on the National Republican
Executive Committe. has resigned his posi
tion as postmaster at Augusta, Me., and
Walter I). Sttuson has been nominated to
Pensions have been granted as follows:
California: Henry S. Cogswell, Cyrus N.
Brazier, Alvin L. Pounstone, James C. Per
ham. Amos Vanzaudt, George F. Hogle,
Richard c. While. Reissue— Samuel Tag
gart, Mary E. Thomas, Elizabeth B. Dexter.
The Land Commissioner's decision has
boen nflirmed in the case of Frank 1).
Decker vs. William D. Crichton in the Stock
ton district of California.
Dr. John Ransom has been appointed a
member of the Board of Pension Examining
Surgeons at San Luis Obispo, Cal.
Bill Introduced I" lac the Pacific Kall-
mad* Under Government Control.
Washington, July 23— A debate involv
ing the question of specific contracts pay
able in gold was precipitated to-day in an
unexpected manner, and continued unii It
was crowded out by the anti-option bill.
Just before adjournment on Friday unani
mous consent was given to have the House
bill in regard to judgments in the United
States courts taken up and acted on during
the morning hour to-day. The fact was over
looked that on a previous occasion the bill
had been before the Senate, and the amend
ment offered to it by Teller was still pend
ing, making such judgments payable in
legal-tender money, even although the con
tract stipulated for payment in gold. The
amendment was strenuously opposed by
Sherman and Higgins and advocated by
Palmer, Morgan and Turpio. When the
morning hour expired the bill and the
amendment went over without action.
The anti-option bill occupied the atten
tion of the Senate during tha rest of the
afternoon, Ilansbrough making an argu
ment in favor of it aud Hiscock iv opposi
tion. The bill is to be taken up Monday,
when George will make an argument in its
support. Remonstrances against its passage
were presented by Gallon from Spring
field and Rock Island, 111., signed by
bankers, merchants, business men and
farmers and by Davis from b.iukers and
business men of Minneapolis.
Sherman introduced a bill for the crea
tion of a tribunal on international rela
Morgan introduced a bill to provide for
the Government control of the Union and
Central Pacific Railroad companies until
the debts due to the Government bad been
paid or secured. Referred to the select
Committee on Pacific Roads.
A resolution was olfered by Sherman in
structing the Committee on Foreign R la
tions to continue its investigations as to the
Nicaragua Canal Company. Agreed to.
Frye from tho Committee on Commerce
reported a bill appropriating $250,000 for
the construction of a ship canal to connect
the waters of lakes Union and Washington
with Puget Sound/and $200,000 for facilitat
ing transportation between Lake Washing
ton and Puget Sound. Placed ou the cal
The Senate then adjourned.
Senate Am«D*lm->iiti to thn General De
ficiency Bill Kejpcted.
The House to-day non-concurred In the
Senate amendments to the general deficiency
bill, with one exception, this being the
appropriation of $487,000 for the payment
of Indian depredation claim?.
A resolution was adopted asking the Presi
dent for information as to the regulations
in force concerning the transportation of
merchandise in bond through Canada, etc.
The House then adjourned.
EIGHT MEN KILLED.
Terrible Disaster in a Pennsylvania Coal
PoTTSVIiXE, Pa., July 23.— A frightful
explosion occurred in the York Farm
colliery to-day, by which eight men are
known to have Leon killed outright, and it
is feared three more are dead.
The killed as far as known now are: John
Harrison, Thomas Jones, Harry Jones,
William Webman, James Hartzel, George
Bride, Herman Werner and Anthony
The injured are: Henry Madara, Thomas
Landas, Anthony Stock and Edward Cur
ran. Stock died this evening, and the others
are in a critical condition.
The explosion was caused by the gas
feeder being broken into and ignited by a
lamp. The cxi losion was terrific and com
pletely closed the gangway, shutting in a
number of men besides those knowu to be
•The tunnel and gangways in different
directions were filled up with debris and It
will take many days to clear it aw ay. The
workmen in different parts of the mine say
the noise and force of the explosion was ter
rible; men who were 500 yards away were
thrown to the ground. As soon as au en
trance could be made to the mine a rescu
ing party set to work. The first persons
brought to the surface were the injured,
preparation- for whose care had been made.
The body of Thomas Jones of Minersville
was brought to the surface at 5:30 o'clock,
and it is expected that his companions, II r
risoa aud Harizel, will be reached in a few
Henry Madara, another of the injured,
died this evening.
DROUGHT IX MEXICO.
Much Suffering Caused in Northern Piov-
inc?s by Lack of Rain.
Eagle Pass. Tex., July Northern
Mexico is again confronted with a total
crop failure. The summer rains, with which
iate crops might be harvested, have not
come. In spots there have been good rain
falls, both In Durango, Coahulla, Chihua
hua and Neuvo Leon, but they have been
isolated and Insufficient. Four years of
consecutive crop failures is something un
precedented even In droughty Mexico, aud
a large number of the inhabitants are con
fronted with grave conditions. Farms in
the best parts of Mexico are idle, and lab
ers are working on new roads in Mexico at
&> ceuts a day. equal to 34 cents of Ameri
can money. Cora, their principal article of
diet, costs 42 cents a peck. Many have
iarge families, ani they are considered for
tunate to secure employment at any price.
The same conditions prevail in counties of
Texas on this side of the Bio Grande.
A Clash Between Chicago Officers and the
Garfield Racing People.
Chicago, July 23.— Judge Horton of the
Circuit Curt to-day dissolved the injunc
tion restraining the city from interfering
with the selling of pools at Garfield race
track on the ground that such pool-selling
is gambling and is forbidden by the State
law. The Mayor has forbade the issuing
of a license to the association and the
Chief of Polico announces that he will sup
press all pool-selling. The managers an
nounce, nevertheless, that they will open
the summer meeting on Monday, and that
admission will be free.
SMUGGLED DIAMONDS SEIZED.
A Well-Known Importer Arrested on Arrival
New Yokk, July 23.— Much secrecy is
manifested over an arrest and the seizures
of smuggled diamonds made to-day by the
Custom-house authorities on the arrival of
the steamer Fuerst Bismarck. The prisoner
is r well-known importer of this c ty and
Chicago, and is said to be a director of
several city banks. He was a first-class
cabin p-*s-tniger on the Fuerst Bismarck,
and the officers found nearly 910.000 worth
of diamonds iv his possession, He was re
leased on bail.
Thieving Railroad Employes.
Kansas City, July 23 —Detectives are
at work on the suspected conspiracy be
tween the conductors and train ageuts.and it
is now believed that the cousoiracy extends
to each and every road leading out of this
city. While it is impossible yet to get any
thing definite, enough is learned to make it
certain that within a few days there will be
a number of arrests made.
An Answ-r ia the Graves Cas?.
Denver, July 23.— The State to-day,
through Attorney-General Babb, filed with
the Supremo Court it* brief in reply to the
case of Dr. Graves, convicted of poisoning
Mrs. Barnaby. Attorney-General Babb de
nies all the allegations of the defense, and
asserts that Jud_o Rising's rulings and in
structions, as well as the records of the trial,
are free from error.
A Savage Butcher Fatally Shot.
Dubuque. lowa, July 23.— A butcher
named Snyder terrorized his neighborhood
to-night by attacking everybody with a
butcher knife. Policeman Sicgrist at
tempted to quiet him, and in turn was at
tacked by the di ink-era man. The offi
cer then shot Snyder through the heart,
killing him instantly.
appealed to the United States Courts.
Nashville. Term., July 23.— H. Clay
King, the Memphis lawyer, who has been
sentenced to hang, filed In the United States
Circuit Court to-day a petitiou for a writ of
habeas corpus, on the ground that he has
not been tried according to the forms of the
Alice Mitchell Insane.
Memphis, July 23. —1n the Alice Mitchell
case to-day Dr. F. L. Sim, a celebrated
specialist on nervous diseases, testified at
length. He considered Alice Mitchell in
sane, and believed that It was hereditary in
A Fever-Stricken Ship.
New York, July 23.— steamer Rugla
from Hamburg is detained at quarantine
owing to the presence of typhus fever
among tho passengers.
Buckley at the German Bathi.
Berlin, July 23— Chris Buckley of San
Francisco is among the visitors who have
gone to the Carlsbad baths from Berlin.
PRICE FIVE oSSfs.
THE SANTA FE COMING.
A High Official of the Road Aolhoritj
for the Statement.
MOOT WAS RAISED 0 EUROPE.
At Last There Is Revealed the Significance of thl
fieccut Visit of IBM MdPul to
Special to The Morning Call.
ash i. voto -v, July 23.— Direct from *
high Santa Fe official to-day Tue Call cor
respondent is enabled to state as a fact that
within a few months the Santa Fe will
build a line into San Francisco. The road
will run in as straight a course as possible
to connect with the Atlantic and Pacific
Railroad near or at Mojave. President
Manvel secured the money to build the road
ou his receut trip to Europe. The Santa
Fe official intimated to Tub Call corre
spondent also that the Santa Fa would build
a road north from Sau Francisco to connect
with the Northern Pacific.
A gentleman thoroughly posted In rail
road matters, to whom the above dispatch
was shown last night, said : "It would seem
from your dispatch, and I have reason to
believe there is a great deal of truth In it,
that there was vastly more in the recent
visit of President Manvel to San Francisco
than has yet been permitted to appear. Why
the Santa Fe has for so long boen content
to stop at Mojave, reaching San Fran
cisco over the tracks of its great
rival, Is a mystery easy of solution. The
Santa Fe had but just reached Mojave when
the Southern California boom drew the at
tention of the Boston management as an
excellent business prospect, and there fol
lowed an era of "building railroads for
fun" that was disastrous to the company,
although, as it has proven, being an excel
lent thing for that section of the country,
and promising eventually rich returns to
the great corporation. Then came a succes
sion of bad harvests in Kansas, where the
Santa Fe is in absolute control of the local
trad?, and the great system went as near to
ruin as a railroad ever does that weathers
the storm. There was no money to build to
San Francisco then, there was scarcely
money enough for operating expenses.
"The Manvel management came lo under
the reign of Kidder, Peabody & Co., and
while the finances of the system were put
in better shape, Santa Fe stockholders had
been too badly bitten to make California in
vestments palatable, and Manvel saw that
the opening here could wait— meanwhile
acquiring the Colorado Midland and St.
Louis and San Francisco roads, strengthen
ing his eastern postion, and getting an en
trance into Salt Lake.
."The time has come now, and it may be
anticipated that a brief period will see the
track of the Santa Fe stretching toward
Sau Francisco from tlio south, and from
San Francisco to the uorth. Certainly the
present activity in railroad matters about
the bay, the upheaval visible upon the sur
face, has beneath it some force more potent
even than the desire of Sau Franciscans for
a competing railroad.
"The recent transfer of the North Pacifio
Coast road, the talk about a change of
ownership of the Donahue line, the
evident desire of somebody hostile to the
Southern Pacific for ferry privileges from
Oakland, and above all the activity noted
from time to time along the San Joaquin
Valley, are ail portents of the times,
•It is of course impossible to conjecture
what course would bo taken by the Santa
Fe in building northward from' San Fran
cisco, although presumably a road on that
line would head for Portland aad the
sound cities as directly as might be.
"For the extension from Mojive the war
is clearer. The Santa Pc fathered the Wil
bur line once upon a time, and that is still
the most direct routo from the linn of tha
Atlantic and Pacific to the bay. Leaving
the uiaiu line at Kramer, a few miles west
of Mojave, the line would cross the South
ern Pacific south of the present point, of
junction and run a little north of west to tha
Tejon Pass. Through this, by a grade
much easier than the Southern Pacific gets
into Mojave, the road would enter Bakers
field, and, running thence uothe west side
of the San Joaquin, parallel the Southern
Pacific northward through the mo<t fertile
portion of the valley to Martinez, with a
branch to Fresno on the way north, and
tapping the raisin belt. The bay shore
would be struck at Martinez, where, as is
well known, the Santa Fe long ago acquired
land for terminal purposes. From Mar
tinez to Oakland the exteusion might or
might not be made. Of course, it' must
come eventually, but much would depend
upon whether the town had recovered pos
session of the water front by the tlin6 the
new road was ready to come in."
Grasshoppers in Arizona.
Pikexix. Ariz., July 23— Grasshoppers
have destroyed the corn crop and vegetation
of all kinds in Williamson Vallej*, 16 miles
northwest of Preseott. They came in
swarms, as they did in Kansas in 1576".
One of Howell's Gang.
Willows, July 23.— A. S. Voneof Orland
was lodged in jail here to-day on a charge
of passing counterfeit money.
A KG 12 RANCH DEAL.
Transfer to a Scotch Colony of an Exiemivs
Property in Wyoming.
Laramie, July 23.— One of the biggest
ranch deals in the history of the State Is
about to be consummated. A contract has
been entered into between the Douglass and
William Sartoris Company and an English
syndicate for the transfer of the farmer's
big ranch near here, to be occupied next
season by a large Scotch colony. The price
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