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VOLUME LXXII— NO. 65.
MARS WAS DEAD ON US. Tlie Great Orb Hung Directly Over the Earth. A PERIHEIM AAD AX AFIIEIM The Opposition Lasted for the Frac tion of a Sttoml, Ah<l Wont Come Again for Fifteen Years. Niiat Professor Holden Saw at Mount Hamilton. Vulgarly: Mars was dead onto U9 at 10 o'clock last night. l'opularly: The earth's opposition to M*rs occurred last evening at precisely 10 o'clock. Scientifictil y : At the instant of time be tween the last tick of the seventh hour and the first tick of the eighth hour, Greenwich meridian astronomical time, the planet Mars be ; 'ig nearly in his perihelion, paosed directly over the planet Earth, which was nearly in her aphelion. Tims Sun. Earth and Mara came ioto direct opposition at THE LICK OI'.SERVATORV, SHOWING THE FOG BAJfKS BBLOW THE SUMMIT. this time at a period when the two planets were nearest each other, an event that will cot occur a^ain for about 15 years. Take your choice. The lacts are that 'luring the last t^vo and the next two weeks Mars and Earth have be*»n and wiil be, for all practical purpcv -, iu direct opposition. In other words, though the mathematical opposition of Mars, E;ir.n and Sun occurred at a certain instant last night, the practical period of opposition be^;in about two weeks ago and will last for another fortnight. According to the be*t local authority an observation of Mars made a week ago had as much scientific value as the one made last nictit Y»*t last night was the night and the eyes of all civilized Earth was turned exprct antly u,ion the great Lick telescope at Jdount Hamilton. Even the astronomers themselves caught the popular enthusiasm and they looked through the bU lenses Ht Mount Hamilton and peered and p<-f r«-d through the millions of miles of spctce betweea them and Mars, as though they really beiievpd there were •cnie advantage to K gained by being on band at the precise Instant. Last night the conditions locally were al most perfect for astronomical observations, and every v who possessed a telescope leve'fld it at the Martial planet. "Everybody" does not inrjude the local astronomers. There are, perhaps, half a dozen of these — certainly not m<»re— but so far as is known none of them went star sazing last night. Professor George Davidson of the Coast Geodetic Survey had not the time to spare, being too i>U\v drawing imaginary btraight lines in empty space. William M. Pierson, ex-president of the Astronomical Society of t.e Pacific, found Ijls telescone unavailaDle for the event. Charles Hurckhalter of the CbabotObserv atnry found it impracticable to get at his telescope for th» ncCMI u. Jdi-s Boss O'Halleran had her telescope p^ckeil for moving. So she could not look. If there were others with good glasses they were probably deterred from using them scientifically Dy the fact that the great Lick telescope i9 tho largest and most pow erful in the world and so far superior to any private glass that their own observa tions WOOld seem puerile compared to those made by Professor Holden at Mount Ilaai ilton. All interest In the event centered there. If you have a telescope and did vot nge it last ni^ht take a peep at Mars to-morrow night; you will see just as much. ATMOSriIEItIC- CONDITIONS. Frofesftor I>RYld«on Says California l'o« --• »-«n«-h i)m- Be»t AdrtDtneeii "No," sad Professor Davidson to The Cai.i. man when asked whether his glass would be leveled at Mnrs during the event ful instant. "No; I am too busy in my latitude work to spare the time necessary to 6tudy Mnrs to-night. There's been «o many cloudy nights lately that 1 am behind with the work on band. "Oh, yes; I have made drawings of Mars in times past, and of Jupiter and Saturn too, and am familiar with their general feature*. Mars haa certainly a clou 1 sys tem, and at times these clouds must cover land or wa'er. "Of course, being a newspaper man. you are going to ask me whether 1 believa Mars is inhabited? That's all speculative rot. Now, 1 haven't any u-e for speculation in scientific research, nnd don't take stock in anyt!,:ng I can't measure by a foot rule or count on my 10 fingers, i.r that some other man wlio kno - | what he i» about has already measured or counted. "Schiaparelli's canals? They're myths. I never saw through a telescoDe large enough to see canals on a planet, and I've looked through Lick's big glass many & time. "I don't bf-ljpvo time is satisfactory evidence to Mipport the Scbiap arelli eanal •yetcui on Mais. It's queer, isn't it, that no one else ever saw them, and there other astronomers with j u t u good eyes as Schlaparelli ; and much bigger ,c,Des. "Yes I know: they teii about Schiaparelll having better advantages for ob<Hiv<ttion in the' clear Italian ekies, but that's all wrone. "I've seen Italian skies and California skie , and I've been taking observations for the last 40 years. There are no better con ditions for astronomical observations in tiio world than those afforded by the high mountains of California. "In 1873 I impressed James Lick so strongly of the possibilities of netting unique observations at great elevations in this State that in the fall of the same year he authorized me to announce to lh« Cal ifornia Academy of Sciences his determina tion to build the bluest telescope in the world and place it on a point in the Sierras 10,000 feet above the oceau. "V'-s, Mount Hamilton is only 4000 feet. How did the big telescope come to be placed there? Ah, that i9 another Etory. We're talking of Mars now. "1 know from my geodetic observation lines on the high mountain* in this State that the atm'-opbericjtl conditions have not .been equaled in any other couutrv. "I have perfect faith in the observers at Mount Hamilton, and I know that they will The Morning Call. get out of the Lick telescope all it is possi ble to get and more than can be got from this opposition anvwhere else in Hie world. "Of coursß it all depends upon the condi tion of the night, but they do have some supreme nights on Mount Hamilton, and one of these is worth a year of poor nights. "A great deal, too, depends upon the sight of the observer, upon the sensitive ness of his eye and his faculty for readily seizing and seeing what does exist. Pro fessor Holden possesses tln-se capacities in a marked degree, aud I shall be quite satis fied to wail and near what lie shall report eeeiner. All elso is pure speculation, and speculation has no part in a positive science." MM- HAS TWO MOONS. tVhnt Mr. Burcklialter Think* About the Schlaparelli Cnnali. •'l'm afraid Mars will be put down as a failure during this opposition," said Charles Burckhalter of the Chabot Obsei vatorr. "Why? Because he is tco low in Sha horizon and we have no great telescopes in the southern hemisphere. From below the equator*3lars should be studied now. "In two years from now there will be an other opposition of Mars. lie wont be so much farther away from us then than he is now, and he will be directly over ■«. "Mars inhabited? Pshaw! Doyouknow that every true astronomer has been very sorry to sec all this haberdash that some of the newspapers tiave been printing about Marc being inhabited aud our seeing canals on the surface, aud all that other rot and nonsense. >'Fniry tales and wild speculations have no place in a serious science like astron omy. Besides, all these wild stories tend to awaken a pitch of expectation in the popular minds that can never be realized in the oue-hundredth part, at least not in our time. "Now a good wny to dispel that popu'ar rubbish about being able to tell whether Mar^ is inhabited anl about eomnon \ with her inhabitants is to louk culdly at the bare I "Tbe£e is no telescope in existence that under the most favorable conditions in tii« world would subtend Man at a greater angle than the size or a thumb-nail al arm's length. "In other words, hold a 10-cent piece be tween your Sneer ati'i thumb at arm'.-- lenctfa and you bavt* the siz<* of Mars as seen under the best conditions from e-»rth. '"Or take It this way: W, n yo 1 see Mars through the most powerful telescope you see a disk that can be covered by holding ovfr it at some little distance a 10-cent piece. "Ye . it is true that what apnear to be continents and snow-caps and clouds on Mars nre pretty well defined in clear weather durine this opposition ; but there 13 no positive knowledge that there is either snow or continents. "What is most Important about this oppo sition is that the astronomers have been abl«» to measure the two satellites of Mars by the micrometer. "Heretofore the satellites have appeared too small to permit their measurement. This is the first opportunity ever presented for this important work, and when it has been completed satisfactorily it will add materially to our knowledge of M.ir«. "How is the measurement made? Well, we estimate the light they send us by the light eent by Mars. His diameter, you know, is 4000 mile-". L»t us say the total light from the. satellite is MOOOth part o! that given by Mar3. Then, if iheir reflecting powers tire the sain** — of the same material— of course Mars will have ]uOj time* more area than the satellite. "Heretofore the Martial satellites have ap peared merespocks of li^'ltt, and their diam etnrs have been estimated at from 6to 10 mile*, but this nai been nothing more than Intelligent guesswork. N "These satellites are Mars* moons. They are onlv 7000 miles from the center of Mars and 5000 milos from the surface. "Yes, Mars has two moons; vet for all that he bas no grand moonlight evenings a »iap OF MARS. [Comtructed from cnmeron* drawing. In the brller or m»uy astronomer* the slimled portion repretentg water. K< jiro'.!uce<l Ironi Tiik Cam, oUuly 17.J like Earth. The moon« tr« M mail that they give Mars no Bore light than two bright star* would give Earth. "No; I decline to tpecttlate iH the ptoba oiiity of ever havi' g a telescope bu and powerttti enough to show u whether Mars Is inhabited. "J>« you kn<<w that the full magnifying power of the Lick telescope has nevei yet been used? Well, it is afi •. "Why? Becaune the atmospheric condi tions of Mount Hamilton have never yet b'jen found so perfect that the maxi mum Magnifying power the telescope will stand couli be used to advantage. "So you see, h larger telescope than tho Lick would (rain you nothinir so far a* the magnifying Dower goes. Ami it is not at all certain th >'. there is any site in the world where the full magnityinK power of a telescope like the Lick could be used. "The Lick telescope has the highest magnifying power in the world, the eve piece being capable of magnifying 2700 diameters. ">(or do I think a higher altltudo would accomplish more for the Lick glass. Mount Hamilton's conditions are quite exceptional for astronomical observations. The great clouds that pour into the Santa Clara Valley from the ocean tend to keep down the healed, thlcK atmosphere from trie surface, and range? the air at the summit to nn ex tent that <locs not prevail at many higher places.. When San Francisco is under a heavy cloua then Moum Hamilton has the most perfect nights. "Yes, tho world tins a great df al to thank James Ltck for, and the astronomers at least, aro very grateful for his magnificent tele>coi e. liut the w. rid has also to thank Professor Davidson, that the big telescope wasn't plant, d at the corner of Fourth and Market street*. "That is a fact. Lick would have hid den away the great class If It had not been for the advice of Professor Davidson. He saved it. "About those canals of SchlaDprelli? Well, the Italian astroDomer used au un fortunate expression when he called them canals. They ar« gliad buids and from HO to 400 miles v\ ide. A canal, nn artificial waterway, could not be seen by a telescope 10 tiuft's a3 powerful a3 the L!ck. "Nor could these shadow bands be seen wide as Uiey are, nere they not so very SAX FRANCISCO, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST, 4, 1892 -EIGHT PAGES. long. A square of one of them would be totally invisible. "Why an ordinary canal would hardly be visible on the surface of the inoon, and she is ISO limes nearer ti.an Mars. "litre's another point that people get awfully mixed up and misled about. When an astronomer savs he has seen something as big, Fay as the Palace Hotel, he does net moan that he distinguishes the thing as be u>e a Palace Hotel, or even that it looks to him as big as the Palace Hotel looks to you or I. "What he does mean is this, that he has seen an lofittttMtmal speed no larger in size than the Palace Hotel would appear were it to be placed at the same number of millions of miles distant. "Now .Schianarelli called his shadow bands canals oolf because they seemed to connect oceans. That is, they were found onlv be tween what appear to be the large bodies of water on Mars. It Is quite strauge, too, that in each rase he found the shadow marks paralelled. But his choice of name* was unfortunate, and the consequence is that many persons have been milled Into deeming them artificial highways of coni- Uli'lCe. "Xo; there is nothing particularly critical about to-night, though tfcc mathematical opposition occurs theu. Practically the op p. -ition lasts a whole month. "We are now farthest away from the sun and Mar* is nearest that orb. You cotiM draw a straight line through the di ameters of the three. Practically, that line will be straight lor a month yet, but theo retically only at the very Instant of the opi»>«it!on. "Bat what mars this opDostion [Mr, Burckhalter perpetrated this quite uncon sciously] is that Mars Ir so low in the hori zon. Thus the astronomer has the maximum amount of atmosphere to pierce in making his observations. Were tl.e planet quite over u\ as it is over the southern hemi sphere, the telescope would be pointed per pendicularly and hi'nee have to pierce, onlv the smallest possible thickness of atinoi phere. "Xo; I shall not be able to mako any ob servations tr-night; perhaps none through the entire opuogltion, exeppt when I visit Mount Hamilton, as I probtbly will do le fore the period has passed cntireiy." THE PRECISE TIME. Mars \Vh« Not In Kxact Opposition to the I .< k Observatory. "The exact time of the opposition?" It was Miss Kosa O'Halleran who echoed The Call man's query. Miss O'Halleran i» n teacher of astronomy, and is held in bigtl esteem by local star-gazer*, who know her as an earnest aaii conscientious ob server. "In astronomical time the event occurs U hours Greenwich iii»-ri<li*n time, on tlie 4th ol August. lliH astronomical day, you know, begins at noon iustend of Midnight, Now. 18 hoars past noon of tho of \>. Kii>t w.uid bring the opposition, accord::,; to Green wicli lime, at G o'clock on the- morn ing of tlie 4th. "Hut in California we are eight liours west of Greenwich, so that brines the eveut here at 10 o'clock to-night. "As a matter vl Uieotetloal fact, Mars will not be in exact opposition to Mount Hamilton. The opposition will occur uu tl;«- meridian of Mars two hours cast of u», or somewhere in Nevada. "Wb*«n ti:e meridian occurs at Mount Hamilton tlie opposition will hav. been pa.«*<"l by two hours. "You understand of course that this 14 pure theory, t'-ou^h perfectly exact, and that it ha* no practical bearing on the pres ent observation;. "llavd I eten Schlaparelli's canals? Xo, I have not. When at Mount Hamilton Mr. Schaeberle tried to point them oat to me, but 1 was dt tntmirif.-l Lot to 6ee anything with my imagiiiction thut was not clear to the visiun. "I have no doubt, though, t!iat Mr. Schaeberlo saw them. I lay the blame to my own poor vision. "Of course I do not believe we can ever know anything about whether Mars is In habited. That is a complete Impossibility. Any one wh<> rctllv understands astronomy caiir>ot entertain such au Idea. "Yes; I think ti.e present opposition of Mars will enable our astronomers to nmt«n ally increase their knowledge el that planet. A ucw snap will doubtleaH be made from this opposition and it will be more complete and accurate than that of Schiaparelll. "It is nut improbable that a now satellite should be discovered. Something like that, but not as to Mars' inLabitdUts. That is too much. "At present we do not even know for certain tiint the white we see is snow or that we see land and water. "I find astronomy a fascinating study ithout making wild guesses about organic life on the planets. Mars Is very interest ing, without putting people on him, just to study as a world similar to ours. "There is a great deal of absurd expec tancy on the part of the people about the wonderful things to be discovered from this opposition. A great many will be disap pointed, 1 am afraid. "In two weeks from now Mars will be in his perihelion and consequently nearer the earth's orbit than at present, but then the exact opposition will havn passed. The earth has pattsed its aphelion. Could the aphelion ol the earth and the perihelion of Mars bn reached at the precise miieiit of the opposition, then the two planets would be as near together as they would ever be." - * AN IMPERFECT OPPOSITION. Mr. Plerson Points Out. That Mnra 1» Too Low In the llorlion. "There \a not the slightest advantage to bederived from an observation of Mars at 10 o'clock to-night," said William M. Pier son, ex-presldent of the Astronomical Society. "Tho opposition practically lasts a whole month, ami durin« that, time the distances do not vary to any appreciable extent. "Mars and Earth, you know, are moving in tho sarno general direction. They have kept each other company for the past two weeks and will for the next two. "Even, at tho Lick Obiervatory this will be a bad opposition. The planet Is t>o lo'.v in the horizon, and the telescope will have to pierce through the refractions of vapor near the earth's surface. "Prafeisor Hold has told us that the Lick telescopA brings Mar< within 50.000 miles of us. Now, if the full 3000-diameter power of the big glass could be used in stead Of only the 700 po*er. as Is the e-tse, Mars could be brought within 12.000 miles. "Then indeed we might see something of the surface of that planet, but not enough to determine whether Mar* is inhabitable That is beyond science and belongs to fancy and speculation. "No; th« moonlight on earth'9 surface will not interfere wi'.h the obiervath of Mars now because the moon does not conio within Godesree3 of the opposition p >int. i "1 consider the most successful achieve ment of this opposition the measurement uf Mar»' satellites. . "In two years from now there will be another opposition of Mars that will be to all purposes a« advantageous an the present. "If Mars could be seen at midday instead of at night, the advantage would be consid erable, for in the daytime Mar- is directly over us. But »tar-j:a/ he. like burglary.Ms best conducted under the shadow ol uiglit.' FKOM MOIXT HAMILTON. l'r«f«««(ir Hol<I«n Talla of the Work Using- Done by the Isl|j Telracope. Lick OiisKKVATOaY, Aug. 3.— Tho 1. .k Observatory has replied to many Inquiries received duriug tne present opposition of Mars both by telegraph and by letter. These inquiries indicate a widespread in terest, but in very many cases, at least, they appear to be based on a misapprehension^ the kind of work which is now being dope on the planet here and elsewhere. The case is not as if astronomers were pushing out on an unknown ocean, expect ing to find nu unknown continent or a p?s sage to India beyond tho'soa. :: : .^ In such a case tb> mere announcement cf the discovery would be all that was needed and expected. The actual circumstances an» very dif ferent. It is as il some one had undertaken to make a new survey ol tho Male of A- kensa*, for example. lie would be_-i:i bv meaftoxiag tne base lines and by setting stakes aud by observing angles and dis tances. At the end of weeks and month* ho would have his notebook filled with figures, and after a long season of calcnlk« tion he would be able to issue a new nnd accurate map of the recion — more accurate, that i«, than any preceding one. This is precisely the ioiai«*diate object of the observations of Mars which »tc now be ii; made. The circumstances' are very favorable, in that the planet Is unusually near to us. They arc rather unfavorable in that the planet is very fir sooth and there fore low down la the sky and thus subject to ii-iiii-ric di*turbaii - Future oppositions in which the planet will be seen at a greater altltode will l>« more f tvnrable, even if the planet is then considerably Dtore distant The immediate object of our work Is to make the map ia Question, and'-we already have eno*igb material to be sure that we .aa considerably Improve existing maps, fcl- UlOOgb some Oi them are very tine, i - pecialiy that made by Profs »or Scbl 'pa rellt Of course, tbo ultimate object of all ob serrations is to determine every p.is-il>ie physical peculiarity of the object to le in vestigated. If it rs a planet we wish to know h'»w nearly it resembles the earth, and whether it is fit to be In habited by beings liki our selves. With respect to Mars it has b-eu proposed by certain very enthusiastic as tronomersta determine the further ques tion, Is tbe planet actually inhabited ? Aad this is alar more dificolt (as well a3 ioi portant) question than tfa ■ mere inquiry as to viiiet; it Is Bl to be so inhabited. In my opinion the tune has not yet come to even speculate on the largei question, and my reason for saying this is that I tbl ik It very doubtful if all the observations yet niaiie, numerous as they are. nre at all stifli'-ient to enable Ui to auswer even the lexner inquiry. It is vt ly easy and very convenient to call certain areas on Mars land, and certain other ones water, and to go on to describe certain indentations as gulfs and certcta narrow lines as canal*, but so far as 1 kr"*Tr thero is n<« absohite pro f 'that tiit- dark parts Of Mars nre veritably water. We know that the vapor of water exists In the Amrtial atmosphere. The spectro sconn shows this. And there Hre ceitain white areas at tho poles of Mars which look veiy tmici) like 6now caps. It is com monly said that these wax nnd wane with the seasons ot Mars in such a way «9 to prove tl. em to be such. They certamlv wnx and wane nnd wax again, hut so do clouds, nnd 1 hin not yel sai:-!ie.i that they «re not In fact merely clouds. They may Oe snow Tnc Relative Positions of the Sun, Earth ana Mars at 10 O'clock Last NUbt. ■ml Ice, but if so thov are subject to ex traordinary cliangos whicu we have boeu (ib'orvin>: hen during the past week. It is ii curious commentary on tho diili culty nf drawing nxact conclusions regurd- Inga little planet 4000 milts in diameter mi'] 40. 000.000 miles a«av, to «*ay that nearly every one of the Important aopenrances on Mars can be explained nbout as we. l by supposing the planet to be redhot and to liavM ii very extensive atmosphere, as it can be by supi i.shij* the planet co >led off and to have lnnd and water and a rather linn atmospheric enveloD* 1 . The l«itt«r Is Um usual hypothesis, anil on tl'.e whole it at>ui a to bo the more likely. 'J |M Dlauet is smaller than th* earth and it is apparently m..re likely to be furthoi ad iranc»d in the procus* of cooling of tot t M reason, Hut there Uno positive proof that it is so, and we should wait for po«iiiv« proof, dhoct or indirect, bofore pronoun cing. It is perfectly proper to conjecture, and indeed it is ImpoaelUe not to (So so. tint it is the duty ol scicuce to guard itself most faithfully anainst promulmitinj? conjectural M ii they were established facts. It is not only the duty of science to do this, but it is also to its Interest. Nothing cnuld b« more discrediting nor more discreditable thun fur science to allow Its cuesses to be received aa if tliey wero truths. Tho fnct of gravitation Is a solid truth, and on this basis worlds can bn built, but the cause-* of gravitation, so far, are only guesses. We nre bound t.) make them, but we are i|ii.tlly bound to label them for what tlicv really nro. There i- a precisely similar caution to. be obWlted in drawing conclu siom regnrdini: observations of Man. Tho solid facts are the drawings and the meas urements which are executed \\itn so scrupulous n care. The conjectures are ttie interpretations which an active and trained imagination assigns to these facts. As tbn time goea on guesses are verified or disproved, and MM and another pass finally into the category of things posi tively known. There is ' verv little doubt but that by and by science will be able to interpret all <>r nearly all of the phenomena now seen and to arrive at certainties. Just now it must bo confessed that only a few thing* are certainly known with respect to our nearest planetary neiglilur-. I may *ay that 1 have observed tlio planet at the opposition of 1875, and at every oppo sition since that time, and that my col leagues at Mount llatoilion and myself have f it Ii fully followed the planet at the oppositions of 18K8, IKyo and 1892. In fact we aro now giving nearly all the time of the great telescope to this work. We have found great changes in the de tails of the Martial surface, while the main outlines have remained much the same. rhe»e changes have seemed to be so great that it is often difficult to explain them by terrestrial' analogies. If there are indeed Inhabitants in Mars I think they might be surprised at some of the conjectures which are current on the earth regarding their surroundings. If the white cap at the south pole of Mars is indeed snow and ico we can say that it ba» been a hard winter for tho Mar tial Esquimaux. If the red areas are land and the dark ones water we enn describe the groat inun dallgos which have taken, place on tho went banks of the Lagus SoUs'nnd the surpris ing apparition of a duplicate lake near the Fons Juvpntac. We ruisht incidentally mention the fact that wheie there are now two lak-s there was only one in 1877 and non« In 1579; nnd we are speaking, it must be remembered, of bodies of water hundreds of square miles in area. All the above and much more could be eaid, aud it is all possible, no doubt. - The facts of observation are correctly Riven. But the explanation seems to me so übtful. with our present knowledge, that I r refer to simply recite the facts and re serve the theory. This seems to be the proper attitude under the circumstances. Sometime during the present autumn we shall have finished our obs-rvit ons and : cur map will have been completed and com pared with past maps of the same sort. It is very probable that we can teen draw fcome conclusions which are certain, and it is po-»ible that considerable new light may be thrown on this very obscure problem. If this moderate statement of what we expof l ts disappointing, 1 can 6n!y say that the Lck Observatory po^es^estlie greatest of telescopes mounted in t::e mosl favorable situation; that nearly the whole Uuic ol the telescope has been given to this research, ai.<? that live perfectly competent observers have taken part in the work. I think i am justified i;i saying that no more couU have been done than has been (io:,e. If nt the end the results are not defi nite «*nl final the reason must be sought in the extreme difficulty of the problem in Ul «>d. EOWABD ij. Hoi.iu.v. LIKE A BAM. UP MKK. AtmniplinrlA Conditions Mt AV««h!n«:tou UnfuTnrHblf fi, r Sm«lyliic of Mars. Washington', Aug. 3.— The moonlight was too strong to-night, aud atmospheric conditions were un«atisfactorv to the scien tisis at the, N«»;ii Observatory, consequently they could not s»-e the opposition of Mars very well. Thn planet bad the appearance of a blazing ball of tire, ou account of this disturbance tn the atmosphere and no *p<'rinl phenomena wns therefore observed. Noiitufiki.l), Minn.. Aug. 3.— Observa tions taken at Lovell's observatory have been un»alisfact..rv, as Mars ha* uot yet reached its highest altitude. One of tho moons liR5 bten visibln for 30 hours, but the other eluies observation. No tling discoveries are rzpeetrd, although an at mosphere Is clearly visible. THINKS IT HAItITAItLK. LUutenaut Tottl« <.lv«» III* Opinion or Om KeU IManet. Nnv llaviv, Conn., Aue. 3. — Yale is not well enough equipped in it3 astronom ical department to do very important work on Mars at Its present opposition. [Ueigbt inch lirubb equatorial simply permit as iron B»er* to obiaiu a good ceneial view of planetary detail. la speaking of Mars Lieutenant Totten •a.dtc-lay: "i think it is habitable, but not inhabited. I doa't think a man exist? on any other planet in this universe. Jesus CbrUt did u"t com« on this earth to save men if there were men on other plauets." Mars appeared "no larger tlmn the moon throuah the Val« telescope, at the ob-erva- , tory to-niiiht, and so far as the scientific value goes Y le will be unable to contribute to the world's knowle this time. l>r. \v. L. Elk ins, astronomer in charge, 6avs he does not believe that Mars Is iu habited or that it has high mountains and miow masse?. Yhl<j will have a new astronomical instrument beiore Mars comes again. It is nowbclne built at Clarks, Cambridge, and will cost 550.000. The glass will b- 28 incl and it will be oue of the best ever rencul Hanover, N. H., Aug. a— Professor S. C. A. Ycuug of Princeton College and Pro fessor K. B. Frost of Dartmentta are closely watching the planet Mars to-algbt from ihe Dartmouth Observatory, but up to a late hour nothing worthy "of note had been seen. Professor Young says that recently with his large 23-inch telescope at Princeton he observed substantially tho same features as the Lick Observatory, but was unablo to discern the eanali of Sc.'iiaparelli, tbo Italian astronomer. >'O >'KW FEATUKES SEEN 1 . K-ault of Ihe Oh<rrrittloni of the San- Spi.t .Man. P.ociiESTKn, N. Y.. Anc 3.— Henry C. Maine, the well-known astronomer nnd "sun-spot man," who has b en making close observations of Mars, said to-uight: "Mars presented no new features at mld nicht. It« working? were comparatively faint because of the intense illumination of the disk. The snowcap is now small. Tho western limb from the snowcap northward seems to be more ntehly illumlnnteil than the eastern. The light of the western limb appeared to bo nearly white, but not so white its that re flected by tho snowcap. In tho southern hemispbero ther« whs quite a distinct greenish aray streak about 40 degrees from the pole." • PACIFIC COAST UTERESTS. The Debris Bill Amended— Site for a Deep- Water Harbor. Waniiin. Aug. 3.— Representative Cnminetti s ly, concerning his mining bill: "The platforms of tho Democratic and Ke publican parties of California touching on the mining <jui stion have br^ti printed and distributed among the members of Con gress to direct attention to the importance of thf mininc bili. I telegraphed to Sen at rs Mills aud Irby to confer authority on Senator Call to represent th-m in the com mittee. IJoth responded favorably. Sea ator Irby returning from South Carolinn (o assist. The postponement of the considera tion of the bill until' next December has never rereivel my indorsement. This aft ernoon 1 had a conference with Senator Felton, and ho •uggested various amend ments to the bill, which I accepted. The nadentanding now is that the SeMUe com mittee win inert in the momin* and ordei the bill reported witti favorable rrcom mendation. A strong effort will be made to I>as3 it before adjournment." Senator Felton ssya the amendments pro posed by him and nceeitod by Caminatti t«vday nre about .Vt In number, and most of them Immaterial, being merely ehani in the ihi.ii.' i . T»o of them, however, are importaut. One provides .t penalty of from 11000 to 10000 fine for Violation by the miners of the conditions iin|io<-«>d by tho United State? Mining Commission; an other ■mendment rhannjei section '24, and provides that the Government eonun may confer with the California State Com mission, if the latter Is ao authorized by tho Lagltlatnre, concerning the drainage of the rivers and the reclamation of river land", such plans to tm approved by the chief en- Kiu»t>M of th« War Department; but the following clause, which was oi'jeeMonahle to some of the river and valley men of California, has been stricken out, viz. : "The consent of the United Sate*, in so far as it Is necessary to confer tho same on account of \U reserved control over said navigable rivers, is hereby granted to the State ol California, M any municipal or local organization authorized by the laws of said Stntu, to eoftStrOCt tnM works at its expeuse; provided that whenever tho navigable waters ot said system an or may be nffected therehy the i»lan» therefor shall be re ouniiPiide'l by tlv eommlasioa created by this act and npprnved by the Chief of Enuinoers of the United States army." Three army afiean nnd tliree from the Coast Survey have been appointed to locate a site for a deep-water harbor on tho Pacific Const. The chief of thin hoard is Colonel William P. Craicwell. lie. writes St nilor Felton that the board will get to wink promptly. Tne names of his asso ciates have not yet bean made public. Uoth Senators Morgan and Kyle, who, with Souatqr Feltou, compose the commit tee to inquire as to the righUcf K;«we;iti colonist* of Sequoia Park land*, have sig nified their intention of making the trip to California. Senator Felton say* they will meet In San PrancUKO early in November. This visit will also give Senator Morgan an opportunity of further Investigating the Southern Pacific company's mutned of deal ing with the California shippers afWr ac cepting a subsidy to ••promote commerce." Sttnator Felton has been appointod ou the Pmkerton committee. In the caso of David Walteis, Involving a soldier's additional homestead entry in the Sii-auville district. Secretary Noble says: "ihi> Sierra Lumber Company have the right to purchase under the Mt of June UL, 1870. Tbeir motion to that effect is granted, as said additional entry is uot confirmed by seetlun 7 of the act of 1891, because no tiual certlflcatu has ever laMMd thereon and hence it does not come within the provision of said section." Mrs. W. C. Burnett and son and IfarlOO Burnett of San Francisco aro at the Arling ton liotel. ARRESTS AT HOMESTEAD. Warrants Issued for the Carnegie Offrrals. TROOPS PREVENT AS OUTBREAK. Bail R<fiwd for One of the Anarchists— The Verdict Rtntknd by the Coroner's Jnry. Special to The Moßimra Calu PiTTsnuKO, Aug. 3.— Hugh Ross, ono of the leaders <>f the workmen, this irntttg Bwora out a warrant for the arrest of H. C. Frick, chairman; T. F. Lovejoy, secretary; J. (r. A. Leishman and H. M. Curry, officials of the Carnegie Conn«any; J. A. Porter and G. A. Covey, superintendents at the mill; liobert A. and William Pinkerton and a half a dozen of ttielr men who took part in the l _'hi at Homestead, charging them with murder. It is probable that information will oe rando later Bgainst them for con spiracy to dcpre.ss the wages of the work men and iiuite a riot by bringing armed nieu into Homestead. The suits were de l;iyi-(l on account of the shooting of Friek, and it is not the intention to arrest him at present. Tiie attorneys for tha strikers held a long consultation after the informations had been made with the result that it was de cided to serve warrants only on Lovejoy and Potter. It is understood Lovejoy will Bartender, waive a hearing and ask the court to fix bail. Secretary Lovejoy, Vice-President Leish nian and Treasurer Curry of the Carnegie Company appeared before Judge Ewitig, in tlie Criminal Court this afternoon to surren der themselves. They were released on £10,000 eaea, Messrs. Frick. Nevin, Mc- Connell, Dovey and Potter were represented by their attorneys. Hearing on their appli cation for ball was postponed until to-mor ruw. Judge Ewlng sa:<l : "I think if the story in the newspapers Is true none of the rum charged in the information can be held for murder, certainly not in the first degree. The men in the barges had the riu'Sit to use all necessary force to maintain the rightful possession of this property." A lUKBULKNT SCENE. The Arri-u of the < r.r:i«. ie Official* Csuiii an Outbreak. IT.Mi>n ai>, Aug. 3— The arrests of Yardmastar James Dovey and Superintend ent McCoonelt, of the open-heartn depart ment, on a charge of murder this afternoon were attended by turbulent seenes, necessi tatingtbe interference of the militia and the additional arrest of one of the strikers. \\ h«n Constables Stewart and Ginher reached Homestead with-four warrants, two lor the above-named larmgie officials and others for Superintendent Potter ana George A. Forey, the rumors of the pros pective arrest spread through the town and hundred* of the locked-out men gathered at the different station-. At Munhall the crowd numbered 2 0 persons. The train on which tho constables and prisoners were to b« takeu to Pittsburc was a few minutes late and when the constables ari-i ihe prisoners arrived at the depot tha crowd Barged arouud the statiou door as tho prnouers were hurried into it. A patrol of militia strove to k<»ep the men back, hut the force was aneqnal t-> tho task. Every min ute the crowd increased ,whlle muttered threat?, especially directed against DoTey, were p!;ii:t!y heard. As the time passed the crowd became more turbulenr, and word was hastily sent to the provost marsha! and he dispatched at onco M:.\ r • 'rawfovd with a c< •ni'uny ol the Fifteenth Raglmeat On arrival ai the depot the soldiers marched company front, pushing back tlio crowd, which retired in a surly way. Ono of the strikers, named Thomas Uowen, becamo obstrenrrous and yelled, "Three cheers for DoTey, him." Before tho crowd could give them two soldiers hastily seized Bowen, He was hus tled into the station and plnced In charge of two deputy constables. This stem measure quelled the hostile demonstration. Bowen will be charged with unlawful as semblage and disorderly conduct, and proba bly with inciting a riot. The turbulent de monstratioa has convinced General Wylie that it would be useless to remove the mili tia from Hoiuestoad for the present. HELD WITHOUT BAIL. Two of the Officials Lurkoil Up lo Jail. The Coroner's Inquest. PrrrSBiTBQ, Aus. 3.— Dovey and >jcCon nell, who were arrestPd at Homestead to day, were taken to jail at 10 o'clock this ev* iung and locked up for the ni^iit. The statement that Potter had been arrested and later released on ball is erroneous, ami it is not probable he will surrender himself until to-morrow, as it would necessitate remain ing in j tii over night. It i.s said the reason Potter did not surrender this afternom was that the etideaee against him is stronger thau the others, he having been on the barges with the Pinkerteo men, and, it is claimed, gave the order to tire. The strikers* case received a blacK eyo from the Coroner's jury this afternoon, when tho the verdict was rendered in the inquest on tho bodies of seven of tho itrikars. to the effect that Silas Wain, one of them, had been killed by a missile from u cannon "while in an unlaw ful assembly. In the case of the Pinker tcn«. the juiy found that T. J. Connors was fatally vyouuded by a party or parties unknown, with felcnious intent. Heinricb Bauer, toe anarchist, charged with being an accessory to the shooting of Frick, was released on IfiOOO bail to-day. Judge Ewioj refused to accept bail in tho ca«e ol Anarchist Kn Id, ns he said there was evidence that Kuold h«d shown Berg man the Carnegie officers. Tho Carnegies, it is said, will make an attempt to start the Duauesne plant next Monday. If. C. Frick's youne son died to-day. ♦ A CATTLR WAR. Trouble Eetween Kansas Farmers and Tezas Cowboys. Wichita, Kan«., Aug. 3.— A cutttemnn from Arkansas City says bloodshed is looked for between the cowboys iimj'tho Kansas farmers. It scemp thai Receiver Ii itch, la charge of a Presidio County (Tex.) ranch. Is shiopl ng several train lauds oi stock n day to Chicago from Arkansas City, and last night a large number of these rattle broke over the line and spread over Kansas cornfields. .Some 40 farmer* el the vicinity armed themselves and tioUiiwu" tho cowboys ttiat every hoof found trespassing in Kansas would be shot. The c.itilemen in return promised lhat for every hoof killed a Kansas farmer woubl bite tho dust. Tho farmers are said to be patrolling the border. PALi AGIO'S CLAIMS. He Asserts That He Is Still President of Veneznela. Pakis, Aiu. 3.— The ex-President of Venezuela, Dr. Palacio, is in Paris. In an interview to-day he said he had been un justly slandered. He was by no means forced to itbftadon his country. lie left of his own free will and ia still the only con stitutional President of Venezuela, lii» loceestor. Dr. Villega«, is siniuly in ehariie of the Presidency. Pulacio asserted that Crespo's forct's had been routed and Crespo was now a fugitive, it he continues the war it is only as a guerrilla. A Corner in Wool Formrd. Piiilaih-.m-hia, Aug. 3.— A story is afloat here to the ■ ffeot that a syndicate of local merchants has b»-en formed to corner quar ter-blood wool?, and that two prominent local wool-dealers and a well-known manu facturer aro associated in tlie nfovement. The story is scouted as ridiculous, but it ia credited in some quarters, because all* the pmties to the alleged deal are known to have been extensive operators in grade of wool during the present season. *Vf Chsrgrs Against Bslfcur. I.<>m>on, Aug. 3 —The N petition lodged against the return to Parliamcutof Balloir, Uio Government lender in the last House, charges bribery. Intimidation and eeacral corruption by his agents in the recent elec tion contests. 8-rike of Telegraphers Probable. Penvkr, Colo., Aug. 3.— lt is rumored to uight that a strike of the Order of Railway Telegraphers on the Union Pacific K.iilroad Is possible. Grand Chief Telegrapher iuim say Is at Omnha in conference with Assist ant General Manager Dickinson, who re fuses to concede the revised schedule submitted by Kaiusay. Dickinson referred th» matter to the president aud General Manager Clark. It is understood Chief Ramsay will positively insist upon the adoption of the schedule as proposed by him. SENATE BILL VETOED. The President Declines to Approve the Laud Case Act. Washington. Aug. 3.-The President has vetoed the Si-nate bill amending the act of March 3, 1887, conferring on tho Court of Claims jurisdiction in contested land patents. The President in vetoing the bill says in part that the work of the Laud Office for the past three years has been so efficient that the large accumulation of cases have b* en swept away aud the office Is now en gaged ou current business. It seems to the President that the transfer in whole, or part, of this business to the courts, some of whose dockets aro already loaded up, can not tend to expedition, while it is manift t that by reason of the gt eater formality in the taking and presentation of evidence re quired in the court*, and the long distances that settlers would have to travel, the costs would be enormously increased. As to the concurrent jurisdiction given the District courts and the Court of Claims, the President says it is doubtful whether the Territorial courts are District courts within tlie meaning of the bill. If they are held not to be such the effect of this legis lation would be that all the suits from the Territories must come to Washington. The plaintiff, it will be observed by the act, is also given the option to sun in tint District courts or the Court of Claim*. The Presi dent cannot understand why a plaintiff should have this advantage, one not given, as far as he knows, in a;iy other law fixing the form of litigation between individuals. The Jurisdiction of the Court. Not only this, but tho Court of Claims was established, as far as he recalls, wholly for tho trial of money claims and bi s no adequate provision for conducting suits be tween individuals contesting privaterights. Furthermore, the Court ol Claims is already burdened since the reference to it of the Indian depredations and French spoliations chiiiiH, etc. Again, the bill i3 so indefinite in its pro visions that it caunol be told, the President thinks, wiiat function, if any, remains to be discharged by the General Laud Office. ir. conclusion, the President Bays he is inclined to believo that if provisions were made as in section 1063 of the Revised Statutes, relating lo th« elalma in other de partments for th« transfer to th« proper court under proper regulations of certain contested cases involving questions affecting larpe classes ol claim?, it would be a relief to the Land Office and would tend to a more speedy adjustment of land titles, the result of which would be to the interest of all the peoplo. There is nothing more disadvan tageous to the community, its progress and peace, than unsettled land titles. This bill, however, is bo radical and so indefirrte in Its provisions that the President caunot ap prove it. Conference on the Fnlr. The committee of 10 members of the House on the World's Fair matter met this morning, and aa the hours progressed the statement oi those wlio came out of the con ference was that an agreement would prob ably be reached. The following basis was Rcreed to: The Boum to reconsider its action ou the sundry civil bill, by which it agreed to the Senate amendment appro priating 15,000,000 for tno World's Fair, and the b:ll \va3 sent back to con ference w;th the understanding that it shall be eliminated from the bill; the Durburow World's Fair bill shall be tuKen up and shall be voted on Saturday, the amount tarried bv th* bill, however, to be reduced from f5.000.000 to 52,500, 000, and to ninkw it a direct gift. The committee limi v submit* an agreem< nt to the caucus, and the members are not bound to vote in favor of ihe Duiborow bill. Thuy merely agree, if the caucus adopts the proposition, not to tilibuster against it. T!ie Democratic caucus was one of dis sension. The Texas delegation left the hall, refusing to oe bound by an agreement which has not yet been read to them. Many other members followed their ex ample, taking the ground that the decision of the caucus would haye no binding effect. Utali Judges Nominated. The followtitfi nominations were made to-dav: Judges of Probate for the Territory of Utah— Martin Slack, in Washington Couuty; Orange Seeley, Emery County; Henry Shield?, Summit County; Jacob Johnson. San Pete County; Stephen V. Frazier, Rich County; Hector W. Uaight, Davis County; William Goodwin, Cache County; Thomas S. Watson, Wasatch County: John Rider, Kane County; Aivln L. Robinson, Wayne County. Itescu* or Abandoned S«nler*. Acting Secretary, Seeley has sent word to Commander Evans, commanding the United Slates fleet in tiie Xorthern Pacific Ocean, to dispatch a vessel to St. Matthews Island, in the lieriug Sea, for the relief of three hunters retorted to have been aban doned there by a sealiug schooner. Not Needed In Uonrinras. The United States steamer. Kearsarge will not probably be called upon to niako the crtftse to Honduras. While no official news has been received from that country for several days the ofllcials of the State and Navy departments Imvc no reason to dis credit the press dispatches staling that the revolution is ended. CONGRESS. THE SENATE. An Early Adjournment After Tinging Two ISIIIi. Washington*, Aug. 3.— the Senate to day t tie following bills were taken from the calendar and passed previous to adjourn ment: To establish asub-uortof entry at Ilolena, If out. ; extending for two years the time for the construction of the Big Horn Southern Rail road through the Crow Indian Reservation. The other business included the appoint ment of a committee on the Pinkerton de tective foice and the holding of a short executive session. The Senate then Adjourned till 10-morrow. TUK HOUSE. A Resolution to Extend tlie Sundry Civil Appropriations. In the House to-day Holman introduced a resolution to extend the current sundry civil appropriations to a blank date. Ac companying it were two resolutions by Docker}', one for the eloture rule on Hol man's resolution, the other to give it par liamentary status. Kilgore of Texas said that he favors tili bustering against the World's Fair (\ m promise bill, and the probability of tlie World's Fairgettinc any appropriation now looks small. The House adjourned at 1 o'clock to en able the Democrats to bold a caucus on the World's Fair bill. UTDIUI'LIC MINING. Two Sacramento Watchmen Eeturn Hungry. From the Mountains. Sacramento, Auk. 3.- John Hagle and James A. Elder, watchmen employed by the Supervisors to keep an eye on the hydraulic mines on the American River watershed, have returned to this city after a nine days' trip in the mountains. Trie tour was not particularly successful, and it is in timated pretty strongly that the visit was shortened because the people of G >ld Run refused to feed or lodge the watchmen. In any event the hotel-keeper at Gold Run notified the two men that Ibej could not eat or sleep in his caravansary, nnd they wearied of the .vicissitudes of outdoor life and came home. They found only one claim— and that un der control of Chinese— that looked as if it had beeu recently worked. The miners generally professed their intention to stand by the promises of the Miners' convention, and it seems that they are doing it. llaglo says, that there is pienty of water in the reservoirs, and that hydraulicking could be resumed at once if the miners saw lit to defy the law. llagle and Elder have submitted a report to Robert T. Devlin, the county'* special counsel. Mount Etna Again Active. Catania, Aug. a— The eruption of Mount Etna dimin'shed somewhat Mon day, but yesterday there were signs of re newed activity. Fre3b streams of lava are flowing down, the mountain sides, but the subterranean rumblings and discharge of a*hes lioin tae ciators are less violent. PRICE FIVE CENTS, IN MEMORY OF COLUMBUS. Celebrating the Four-Hundredth Anni versary in Spain. sun iitu DeMsTRATIOS AT PALOS. The Caravel Santa Jlaria Sails Throngh the" Lines of Warships, Followed by the Spanish Flotilla. J Special to The Morn- ing Cali* Palos, Spain, Aug. 3.— This Is the four hundredth anniversary of tne day on which Columbus set sail from Pains westward ou his voyage of discovery. The programme cf festivities arranged here for celebrating the day was carried out with great eclat. The view from the town, however, was ob scured by a thick mi9r, which hung over the river and rendered it impossible to see more than the dim outline of the hulls of the vessels iyine at anchor. At 6 o'clock, tho hour at which Columbus began his voyage, the caravel Santa Maria, constructed in imitation of the vessel of that name belonging to the Columbus expe dition, which had bean lying off the shore all night, set her sails for her passage through the lines of warships anchored out side the bar, but owing to tiie prevalence of a dead calm a line was run to her Irom the gunboat, and she was towed dowa stream, followed by the Spanish flotilla ia single file. Minister of Marine Montigo was on board the warship l.,«gaspi. The voyage down the river to the bar past the Monastery of Laßabida, on which build ing ilaga of all the American State9 were flytutr, occupied about one hour. Outside tlio bar were moored the vessels of the for eign squadron which had come to take part In the celebration. These ves-els formed in line3, between wliicn the caravel p-<ssfd amid thundering salutes and deafeulug cheers. The mist and smoke from the guns nißde it impossible to watch the maneuvers ol the caravel, wbicb followed for some distance the route taken by Columbus 400 years ago. Fifteen of the S auish flotilla convoyed the Santa Maria several miles to sea, and when the sign*] was given by the Spanish Minis ter of Marine for the vessels to return the caravel was given a farewell salute. At 9 o'clock the little vessel returnpd and re-entered the river. The town of Hueiva was crowded with visitor?, all the liuilding9, both private and public, belug gayiy decor ated. CONOIUTULATOUY MESSAGES Kxchnnged Between I'realoVnt HarrUon and the Al«ald« nf Palog. Washixgtox, Aug. 3.— The following cable messages were exchanged tc-day: La itABiDA, Augr. 3.— To the President of the United State*: lo>Uay 400 years ago Columbus »ai;ed from l'alos. discovering America. Tne United States ting is being tioMert this moment hi liont or the Convent of La Kablda. aIODK with tue lanneis of all Hie Ame:icau Sates. Hat teiies and shins ato salutiut:, accompanied by tlie enthusiastic acclamations of the people aud ttio ai my aud uavy. God bless America. I'rieto, Alcaide of I'alos. Washington*, Aug. 3.— Senor Prieto, Alcalde of Palos, La Rabida, Spain: The Pie«ldent of the United 8 ate-. alrecU me cordially to ac kuowledge your mt^t:ivi« of greeting upon tills memorable day, thus fittingly celebrated. Tim people of Hie new western "world. In grateful reverence to ihe name and fame of o»lumbu« t join h.tnds with the sons of the brave soldiers of Palos and Huelva. who manned tlie discoverer's cmavois. Fosteu, Secretary of State. ANOTHER TRAIN ROBBED. The Southern Pacific "Express Held Up Near Collis. The Expre>s-C;ir intsl Open With Bombs anJ a Large Sam Stolen— l Messenger Badly Injured. . Special to The Morning Call. Fresxo, Aiitr. Passonger train 17, southbound, was held up by train-robbers six miles east of COIH3 last nfght. Two of the robbers crawled over tlie tank to the engine-cab and ordered the engineer and fireman to stop the train. They made the eugineer walk ahead a quarter of a mile aud compelled the fireman to stay with them. They then went to the express enr and ordered the aiessenger to opan it. He re fused and the robbers threw six or seven bombs at the doors, completely demolishing them. Then they forced open the safe and took out all tho money. Thn amount is no: known. They mad6 the fireman help them carry the treasure a distance and then the robbers gailoped off on horseback. They were of medium height, wore dark clothe-, and had their faces masked with light cloth. The engine was also injured by a bomb exploded under it. The messenger's rib was broken. There is no clew to the robbers. THE RUSSIAN TIiAGUE. Cholera Spreading in Southern Provinces. The Sarta Insurrection. St. PF.TKK-mut;, Aug. 3.— After suppres sion of the riots In Tashbend several thou sand insurzent Sarts fled from the city ana tried to cross the province of Syr-Darya iuto Ferghana, but were repulsed by the local troops. The insurrection has spread to Ferghana and the position of tne BttMl ns there is critical, as they do not possess suffi cient men to cope uli the insurgent-', part of their forces having zone to Pamir. It has transpired that theTashkeud riot* wera not due solely to the cholera, out tu.it they were partly due to religious excltemeut cau3i*d t»y orders from the Governor inter f.rinj? with the rites la the masques. One death occurred tt#re from Asiatic cholera. At Nijul-Novgfirod tiie disoaa- is decreasing and many workmen who fled in fright are returning. Inconsequence of tlie prevalence of the cholera in Kussia the schools are all closed til! September. Medcal students will bo sent to tiie infected districts to help light the disease. The cholera I as appeared in the Govern ment of K->orsk, in the southern part of European Kus-ia. It is the most densely populated of any Government in Russia, having a population of about 2.000,000 per sons.. The epidemic continue!* to increase in Asiatic Russia. In Tobolsk 69 new cases and 30 deaths are reports tm August l. LEAVES A DELICATE AND LASTING ODOR, An Idaal Complexion Sc :p. For salo by all l T>niffan<l Fancy Goods Dealcrs,orlf enable to procure this Wondeiftn Honj» scwl £' ► cents In stamps and recelvo a cake by return ruaiU JAS.S. KBRK & CO., Chicago. a SpEOTAT^-Shandon Bells Walt* (the popular B<>cißty Waltz) sent FKEE to anvona aenflUng vm three wrappera of abandon Bella Soap. Bead M. J. Laymancc & Co.'s advertisement nn- der liead^f.Oakland Real Kstatein this paper. Important to every lady. '-'< jy3l7t