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The morning call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, January 31, 1893, Image 1

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Manifest Destiny of
1 Hawaii.
But Annexation Grows in
Keeping the Fate of SackviSle
West in His Eye.
Harrison Was Behind Stevens, and the
Administration Will Surely Favor
the Islanders' Petition.
Special to The Mcesiso Cali.
Washington, Jan. SO.— The Catxcorre
spondent visited the British legation to
night and attempted to gain some expres
sion of opinion upon the question that Is
now absorbing public attention from Sir
Julian Pauncefote, the British Minister.
lie was Id bis study, ami had apparently
been dictating to l;is stenographer when the
correspondent entered. Several Western
Union telegraph and cable envelopes were
lying; upon bis table, and a district telegraph
messenger boy had just left the house.
Sir Jiilir.n is not an easy man to interview
under any circumstances. He has dealt
with press men t ver since
he unwillingly allowed him?elf to be inter
v ewed on the Bering Sea matter while
riding on a streetcar on his way from the
\ "»e d:.y. Pauucefoie is a
typical E: II? is portly, has a
ntaß6;\ .'aid head, a beak
florid con.'plexlon and Surnsides, and he
lonk> exactly ! .fee the caricatures of John
Bull onesees in Puck ad such comic papers.
-ter gre.-ted the correspondent
pleasantly, and «urm;sing what his mission
"You are not the first newspaper
man who has b-eu here to see me. Of
. the rress u.ust apt c fact
that in an important matter like I
ent it would be manifestly Improper f r me
to say anything In public print Some of
my predecessors wero greatly embarrassed
ring too free expression tj their
There can be little doubt that Sir Julian
referred here to the Sackviile West-
Mnrchison letter.
"Do you regard the present condition of
affairs as a serious one either f.
United Su:es, Great Britain or tne Ha
waiian Islands?" ha was :-.■
"I will say I thh.K this quite an impor
tant ma'.trr," sa:
"Are you at liberty to state whether or
not you have received from her Majesty a
i rot?-' against the action of the United
States ship Boston's men during the so
called revolution ?"
"1 cannot answer that question."
"Will your Government protest against
the proposed annexation of the Islands by
.in I must decline to answer," sail
he. 'V . ist -a v. tl it so far we have
h.d nothing but newspaper reports for our
information. Later advices from Honolulu
will give us all a better id»a of affairs there,
we have more tnformotion before ns
i must iositt-eiy decline to talk about the
Ihe Call correspondent endeavored to
obtnin st me information from per <r
knew something "f Mr. Panpcefote's affairs,
and was told that Pauncefote had received
by cable a long mes<ase from England, pre
sumably from Queeu Victoria or her Prime
si,niiier. The ("all's informant w.*3 not
able, or if able refused to say what tiie na
ture of this communication was, but it is
believed that it contains a protest either
against tUe action of the Boston's com
mander In sending blue jackets ashore or
Is a protest in advance againstaunex
atiou. It will probably be presented to.
The Hawaiian Minister, Mott Smith, talks
to pre-» ■ "ii surprising freedom. 11*
said to-night: "1 am at sea concerning the
movements of the commissioner* from
Hawa . i =:onal Go-veriiment. One
thing, however, appears to be certain, and
tn.«t is should t'.e CTnited States Govern
ment fail to recognize them they «ii! find
themselves in an awkward position. Like
all revolutionists they take their ciianc-s of
ultimate success* in secunog the rec gnition
Tuey represent the head
and fr nt of the advanced aLnexatlcn party
on tii
"So far as ultimate annexation i 9 con
cerned there has always existed feeling,
especially amoug the white residents, that
ands would eventually become a part
of the United States. But the belief has
been that such amalgamation wouid be the
result of diplomatic negotiation and fr
rather than forcible union. The whites
have l)ff-u I - . md the natives dying
j !iey have seen I'ieir countn
ping a'*ay from them, but instead of at
tributing it to trie true reasons they have
attributed it to the rapacity of the whites.
This revoiu'.lon has been the outcome of the
crowing sentiment of years, but until now
the Governu;* ::nt has been able to keep it
down. Personal y I am unab'e to say
whether this movement is a national one or
I notice in this mornihsi'b dispatches
tl a". Mr. Castle thinks that the nativ* peo
ple are content and willing to accent the -sit
"Assuming that England would object to
annexation, do you think she would insist
upon a dual protectorate with the United
States ever the islands similiar to the
tripartite treaty over Samoa?" Mr. Smith
was asked.
'I think that would be the natural out
come of a eontDromhM. There will be a
great amoant of diplomatic conference and
negotiation over the matter. It is the first
instance of the kind the United States has
ever had to deal with— that the j
of another country voluntarily asked
i r iinexation against the protest of for
eign power-. Con-iequ^ntly the United
niustdecldi w!,et!;er it will assume
the n-ik of annexation and its possible re
mlts. That is the wnole thing in a nut
shell. One thing i 3 certain- the Q.ieen and
Hawaii are not to be wiped out without n
siruiigie. Tiie Government ha* been or-
Baniztd for over fifty year*, and has always
been abie to take care of itself."
"If the United Slates refused to annex
the islands, do you thiak England would
seize them ?"
' "I don't think England will attempt force.
The Hawaiian Government, howevpr, would
have to seek an alliance somewhere. If
refused annexation it would probably have
to ask protection of America or England,
and if the former turned the cold shoulder
one can see no reason why England should
refuse to assume control. If the population
was of a homogeneous sort, it could sustain
Itself under a new form of government, bit
there are so many nationalities that divi
sions, disputes and contentions would arise
that would result In bloodshed. Tiie real
difficulty all around will come when the
United States has given Its answrr to the
commissioners, and then the serious work
will begin. As to the Queen, If the Unite i
States annexes the islands she would be
treated in a way worthy of her station and
will probably be granted an allowance."
"But the Queen has her rights still, has
•he not?" he asked.
"Yes," rtn'lled t'ae Minister, "she hag.
The Morning Call.
She was overcome by force, and the
United States in landing marines and
aimed men insisted, of course, iv the main
tenance of that force. She will appeal to
this Government for the restoration of her
rights. I believe her agents are also on
their way here."
"How about the participation of foreign
powers in tlr.s controversy?"
"Both England and Germany will proba
bly at once interest themselves, make their
comments and criticism*, and take what
ever notion they may think necessary to
protect their interests. Germany and
Frame will probably act passively, but I
think England's action will be more active
and pronounced."
"Do you think England would object to
the annexation of the islands by our Gov
ernment'. 1 "
"G ring my opinion In this mattpr t!ie
same as any other man, I will say that her
interest lias always beeu very strong at the
Islands. I notice by this morning's dis
patches there art very strong protests from
1 i - ti press. 1 should say that Eng
laod will certainly object to annexation."
"Do you anticipate triable — war, for in
stßnce—if the Uuited States ignored what
England considered her rights."
"1 do not enre to be quoted as to Eng
land's possible intentions. There will be,
i r, a concentration of war vessels in
lv harbor at once. Japan, which
has 16,000 people there, will be represented,
but her interests are comparatively slight.
England has probably already dispatched
her men-of-war, bs have Germany and
France. When they all get together there
will be a big international naval pow-wow,
and of course conditions will be very differ
ent from now, when the United States alone
is represented. In this connection it should
be borne in mind that the coiuiih rclal and
financial interests nre n:i toward America,
which will offset, consequently, the senti
ment generally of the people, but these
facts will have uo bearing with the other
"Several of the statements in the morning
paper?," said Irving M. Scott of the Union
Iron Works of Snn Francisco, "concerning
the Monterey fere inaccurate. She has a coal
carryiDg capacity more than sufficient to
get her down to the island, and ns there is
plen'y of coal there that question Is dis
posed of. Siie will be formally turned over
to the Government to-morrow. She is all
ready- to go to tea, lacking only SO I
and coal. Her turret armor plates of eight
inches thickness are yet at the Carneeie
Iron Wcrks, being bent and put together,
aud it will be f< ur months before they can
be got into position. I believe that all the
American warships now in San Fr.tncisco
harbor or at Mare Islar.d which are avail
able for sea service will be sent to the
islands. The ilonterey will probably be
kept at San Francisco as a coast defense
vessel >he is ready to fi^ht now, and
despite the absence of her great guns, would
be more than a match for any foreign man
of-war in P.'te.ik waters. Her guvs, how
ever, are exposed, and they could be dis
abled in a fifciht. The United States sh aid
anuex the islands, and the quicker the
belter. T! eir trade is all with the United
State?, and this country could not afford,
particularly in view of recent event?, tv
permit any other power to seize them."
It is observed that many members of Con.
gre?s are bfciuning to medify their views
as expressed upon the receipt of the first
news from Honolulu concerning the revo
lution. The situation of affairs is con
sidered very serious indeed. A great many
do not believe it is possible for the United
States to avoid trouble with England over
this matter. They say that if we don't an
nex the islands England will establish a
protectorate over them, and this we could
never submit to. On the other hand, if we
attempt to secure the islands the nations
will regard cur act as utterly Inconsistent
with our foreign policy as heretofore ex
pressed. Considering all the circumstances
attending tie revolution, winch was no
doubt encourr.ged by the presence of tba
United States ship Boston and her Dine
jackets, and considering that such action is
approved by the President of tne United
States, it is pretty certain that England,
Germany ana the other powers would ualte
in demanding "hands cff."
Nearly all of the Califcrnians were Rt
first inclined to oppose annexation, but
several of them lave m d;f:ed their views.
As stated heretofore, Peiton, Lor.d and
Geary are opposed to annexation. Hilborn
some time ago expressed himself r>; .
but his views to-night nee expressed
thus: "I would l;ave much preferred to
see th* 4 autonomy ol the Hawaiian Islands
preserved, but since the people the. 1 :
have overturned the condition ot affairs
there and nre anx'ous for annexation, I see
no reason why it should not be granted.
The most objectionable feature about an
nexation, to my mind, is the accession to
our population of about 30,000 contract la
borers, 12,000 0f whom are Chinese and 18,000
Japanese. IJisi ies, if the Governm* ?.; of
the United States annexes Hawaii she will
take a step that is contrary to her policy rs
it has been from ih* start. If we take
Hawaii, remote and isolated from our conti
nent, a precedent will be establ : - h«*«i f r the
acquisition of other territory, perhaps in
South America or Canada or the West liolia
[stem 1-. lc i ; a bad precedent to establish,
but if these people of Hawaii a;e clamoring
for annexation, and it shall appear that cov
etous England will n trol of the
island^ if the Ut.ited States does not, we
should by ail means take steps for annexa
tion at once. The value of the^e islands for
tection of our Pacific Coast can't be
overestimated. Why, Hawaii is our Gib
ra tar. Just imagine, for Instance, the
strong position of England in
the Pacific Ocean if *he should
acquire these islands and a canal across the
isthmus should be constructed S" her war
cou'.d swift y ru;i from Liverpool
directly to Hawaii? 'Ihe Islands are. In
fac*, natural dependencies of ours. Wo
would feel greatly humiliated if England
should gobble them up and have her war
ships prowling around in our waters. We
must never allow it. Prompt action must
be taken by the administration."
Camineiti and Cutting now express
themselves in favor of annexation in view
of all the circumstances, asdoes also Bowers.
Minister Stevens Has the Govern
ment's Official Approval.
Washington-. Jan. Bo.— There are some
Important developments in the Hawaiian
situation. First, it is pretty clearly indi
cated that the administration is not in any
way lukewarm in the matter, ns was at first
supposed. Secondly, the action of Ihe com
mander of. the Boston, against which Oreal
Britain is about to file or has filed a formal
protest, has received the official approval of
tie PresMeot and his Cabinet.
The sentiment in favor of annexation io
rapidly extending, and several members of
the Cabinet have expressed themselves in
faTOC of it. It is reported that President
Harrison is In favor of annexation, and
altboogh the course pursued by Minister
Stevens in ordering the Boston's marines <>ti
shore was Without expla it iusiructious from
the Government, his action ha* been fully
approved by the President.
In the Senate there is a distinctively
American feeling nn the Hawaiian question
which is not eonined to any party. There
can be uo doubt that a majority of the mem
bers of the Foreign Relations Committee
look with favor upon the establishment ol
American domination on the islands but in
ju-t what shape is a matter of detail not yet
The objection to Chandler's resolution on
the subject as offered to-day is not looked
upon in a way as a manifestation of anti
auuexation feeling, but rather as a fear on
the part of the opponents of the anti-options
bill, that if it bad not cone over until to
morrow the day would have been spent In
its discussion, and the delivery of anti
option speeches would have hoen pre
Senator Dolph, a member of the Commit
tee on Foreign Relations, said this evening:
"The United States has been waiting fifty
years for this opportunity, and now that it
has come la such a way that the problem
can be solved without difficulty I cer
tainly see no reason why we should hesi
tate. Thp man who would oppose what is
the manifest duly of the country in this
matter U, I think, hardly deserving a seat
iv Congress. I certainly favor tho control
of thess islands by the Government of the
United States."
Mr. Hiscoek, another member of the same
committee, is also in favor of annexation.
"1 believe," said he, "that this Government
should prevent auy interference in this
matter on the part of any other power. It
is a matter that concerns us wholly, and
for one I may say I am in favor of the
establishment there of a territorial form of
gorernaaent under the flag of the United
One member of the committee, who did
not like to bo quoted, said that the only
stumbling-block he In the way was the
o action of the House if it were
swayed by trie influence cf certain gentlameu
who controlled appropriations. It would,
lie thought, be shortsighted policy to con
sider the cost when there was so much at
stake in the matter of the perpetuation of
the safety of the republic and the acquire
ment of that which would etiuble us
to conuel the respect of nations who
were new friendly simply because it was
good policy to be friendly. In a country
like the I'nited States as he looked upon It,
it was of little moment whether the annexa
tion of Hawaii Involved the expenditure of
thousands of millions.
Senator Chandler's resolution Introduced
to-day requests the President to lay befoie
Congress any treaty he may make for ratifi
cation by legislation. The purpose of that
language was to permit the House of Rep
resentatives to share in the responsibility
for the disposition of the subject, and not to
have action taken in the Senate and behind
closed doors. Undoubtedly this is calculated
to strengthen the proposition contained in
the resolution looking for annexation.
Chandler says t Lie time has come for the
United States to annex the Ha
waiian Island?. For years they have
been gravitating toward us, but as
lone as a self-supporting, autonomous
government could be maintained on. the
islands there was no necessity for annexa
tion. Now, however, it is apparent that
such a government could no longer stand,
and the people are willing to come to us.
It will not be necessary for the United
States to embark in a general policy of an
nexation or colonization. What we want is
Hawaii in the Pacific and one or two points
in the West Indies. We need them for coal
ing stations and for strategic outposts, and
we can stop there.
The Chandler resolution will come ud in
the Senate in the morning hour to-morrow,
unless some diversion be made.
In the House there was a diversity of
views. Watson of Georgia voiced the Peo
ple's party. "I: is a job and nothing but a
job," he said, speaking against annexation.
"It is a job put up by the American p:op
erty-owuers and sugar-planters la Hawaii,
who are not looking to national prosperity,
but to.their own personal aggrandizement."
The general sentiment among the mem
bers of the House seems to be that the
U.iited Stains should annex the Hawaiian
Islands now that it has been invited to cio
so. but there are exceptions to this view.
O'Forrall of Virginia I* opposed to the
acquisition by the United States of more ter
Blount of Georgia, chairman of the Com
mittee on Foreign Affairs, declines to speak
upon the subject.
Kaynerof Maryland, another member of
the Foreign Affairs Committee, said: "I am
not in favor of lettintr England get posses
sion ol the islands. If the question is be
tween the United States Government and
the Government of Great Britain I should
think the United States should annex the
Sandwich group. Ps isonally, I fav L r a pro
Hooker of Mississippi, also a member of
the committee, expressed himself as abso
lutely opposed to any other Government
than the United States taking possession of
thn Hawaiian Islands.
The British Government has Instructed
Sir Julian Pauncefote, its M lnis'.er here,
to note*^ against the action of the United
State* officials and forces in Hawaii. The
protect, it is understood, will be lodged with
Secretary of State Foster to-morrow. To
what extent the protest goes cannot be
stated now.
The California Delegation Asked to
Favor Annexation.
Sacramento, Jan. 30.— 1n the Assembly
to-day E-neric of Contra Costa County in
troduced the following joint resolution rela
tive to the annexation of the Hawaiian
WHEREAS, the Hawaiian Islands are now
held by a Provisional Government; and,
whereas, a delegation from said Govern
ment is now en route to Washington asking
annexation to the United States of America;
therefore, be it
Resolved, By the Assembly, the Senate
concurring, that our delegation in Congress
be requested to use every honorable means
to annex laid Hawaiian Islands to our
galaxy if States, and the said delegation of
the Provisional Government be favorably
received by the head of our Government.
llesolted, That the Governor of the State
of California be requested to telegraph the
above resolution to our members in Con
A similar measure was introduced In the
Senate by Seawall, and both were referred
to th« proper committee.".
Spring. field, 111., Jan. 30.— Ha
waiian matter was brought up in the Lower
House of the Illinois Legislature this even
ing by a joint resolution, introduced by llc-
Curdy of C >ok County, a personal friend of
the Hawaiian Commissioners, Thurston
and Carter, urging the Illinois Represent
atives in Congress to use their influence to
secure American supremacy In the Ha
waiian Islands 00 terms calculated to pro
mote the permanent peace and prosperity of
those Island*. After a brief discussion It
was laid over until to-morrow, when there
will be a full attendance of members.
Comment on the Course of the Califor
nia Congressmen.
Washington', Jan. 30.— 0n the whole,
there is a disposition among Congressmen
generally to treat the matter In a most
serious light. By many conservative men It
Is even believed that a crisis is at hand, and
that the Italian an.l Chilean troubles were
not a circumstance compared with this
Senator Morgan of Alabama, a very con
servative man, says this matter Is one of
the most important that has come under his
notice since his incumbency of a seat In the
Senate. Morgan will bo chairman of the
Foreign Relations Committee under the re
organization of the Senate, and as such his
Influence will be weighty. He Is strongly
in favor of the annexation of Hawaii.
It is considered very strange in Washing
ton fiat most, if not all, of our California
members In Congress are opposed' to an
The course of procedure which will bo
adopted by the Hawaiian commissioners
and State Department in an interesting
topic here. Dr. Mott Smith, Hawaiian
Minister, will b« in rather a peculiar posi
tion, m lie represents the Queen and cannot
therefore take part in the deliberations. He
is personally friendly with all of the Ha
waiian commissioners, however, and will
present them to the Secretary of State upon
their arrival here. He will also find it Inn
duty to present to the Stats Department the
protest of the Queen.
It is believed by some that after all the
rMotatioa will be passed, leaving the. mat
ter of annexation to a vote of the island.
A Cabinet Minister, speaking of the mat
ter of negotiations with the Provisional'
Government delegates, said to Tin: < ail
correspondent: "The first thing necessary
lor us will be to discover with whom we
are negotiating. We unit first ascertain
why and how the revolution was accom
dished, and If It ie likely to be successful.
It Is a well-known faot that England lii«» for
some time beeu attempting to negotiate
with the United States a treaty in regard to
Hawaii, similar to that between tho Uuited
States, Germany and England regarding
Samoa. Mr. Blalne refused, however, to
enter into any agreement ia regard to
Just what oosition President-elect Cleve
land holds in regurd to this question is ex
citing much interest here. President Cleve
land's Secretary of Statn negotiated a treaty
which gave the United States Pearl Har
bor, and gave the Hawaiian* the entry of
su^ar free of duty in the United States.
This was a political move, pure and simple,
and the foreign element in Hawaii under
stood at the time the grant was given that
it meant a foothold for the United States in
the islands such as was not held by any
other nation. Secretary Bayard, of course,
held th is Idea when the treaty was nego
tiated, and it was thought that with this
precedent Cleveland might be favorable to
Another question has been discussed hero,
and that is: With this serious proposition
before the Uuited States might not tho
whole questiou of Cleveland's Secretary of
Slate be dunged? With Mr. Bayard's repu
tation for weakness in tiie State Depart
ment would the Presideut-elect be satis
fied to let him agaiu take hold and not be
able to grapple with this important situa
It was rumored about the Arlington Hotel
to-day that perlmp-i, in view of tho compli
cations. William C. Whitney might be in
duced to take the State portfolio and g'-ttue
credit of anuexing Hawaii.
Secretary of State Foster, who was ex
pected to sail for Europe this week, will no
doubt postpone his trip and await the ar
rival of the commissioners.
But It Is Likely England Will Keep
Hands Off.
London. Jan. 30.— Tho Charge d'Af
falres at the Hawaiian legation leceived of
ficial news to-day confirming tho report of
a revolution. The Hawaiian representative
at once visited Lord ttofsbicf at the For
eign Oflice to discuss ihe situation with him,
ami the Associated Press correspondent is
reliably Informed that Lord Bosebery In
timated that Great Britain was not likely
to interfere at present. Lord Kosebery
also hinted that England, France and Ger
many would not be likely to consent to the
annexation of the Hawaiian Islands by the
United States.
The heiress to the Hawalan throne also
received a dispatch from her aunt, the ex-
Queen, containing the record of recent
Tha proposed annexation of Hawaii by
the United States continues a prominent
•abject of discussion iv the newspapers.
The Evening Globe, a Tory organ, says
annexation may result In bringing the United
States into foreign relations at vauance
with tho whole of their traditional polity,
nnd cause friction and eonfiict between
them and the English {colonies, "Ameri
can aggression in the Pacific," adds the
Globe, "would occasion Australian remon
strance, to which the British Government
would be compelled to listen. The internal
affairs of Hawaii will stttle theinse'vc- tl o
sooner it Is more clearly undergo id thai
they are not to be made a temptation to the
United States to commit a moat uncharac
teristic act of folly."
The St. James Gazette (Tory) says Presi
dent Harrison's Cabinet would do well not
to arrive at a hurried decision on the ques
tion of Hawaii. It must not be assumed,
because the United States has been nursing
Hawaii, they are" best entitled to effective
interference in the affairs of thai country.
The American party in tlio^e islands is by
no means so strong as we are asked to be
The Pall Mall Gazette, now also a Tory
organ, Is aeutrn! iv Its remarks on the ques
tion. It suggests it won! I be interesting to
see how the Americans would manage the
Mr. D.ivies, formerly British Consul at
Honolulu, in a letter to the. Times assures
all having property In Hawaii that s. B.
l)o!t» H a man of refinement, culture Htxl
nnUrpeaehable honesty, nnd that his t res-
Ittion is ft guarantee of the gravity
of the crisis and of the integrity with which
it will bo met.
The French Will Back America in
PjJUS, .lan. 30.— The Paris aailies taunt
ifinglaod with inconsistency, because she
objects to American sgcression in Hawaii
while she herself excludes other powers
from Egypt.
The Moniteur Universal says that the
great American people are not of the sort to
be intimidated by British hluster.
Bi i:i in. Jan. 3o.— -The VossiscbeZeltong,
Radical, says nf tho revolution in Hawaii:
"i'h' restoration of the Queen certainly
would be preferable to the tripartite con
trol cf the country. Our experience with
Samoa by no means recommends the repeti
tlon ol such an experiment. Germany baa
nn reason to meddle further with South Sea
aff.iirs. America and Great Britain might
better be left by iv to settle their relations
as they think p:oper."
The Berlin press Is practically one in the
same opinion that the Hawaiian revolution
concerns Kngland nnd Amerca alone.
Mr. Cleveland Declines to State His
Views in Advance.
Xi w FOBS, Jar. 'A\— Cleveland denies
the truth in Commissioner Cistl^'s inter
view regarding his attitude on Hawaiian
annexation, printed in one of the Srwi Fran
eiaoo morning papers^ to tho efTect that he
favors annexation now, though he once op
posed It, and tiiat when In? takes office the
proposal of Tbuiston and Castle will be ac
cepted if ho has the, power to bring It about.
Assurances that ho looks favorably upon
the proposals are gratuitous. Ho declines
to announce his views upon Hawaiian af
Her Crew Ordered to Go on the Ran-
jjer and Adams.
Vallkjo, Jan. 30.— There is no excite
ment at the navy-ynnl. Tha EUogM II
waiting for her propeller, vow in the ma
chine-shop. The yard launch went down
to the magazine this afternoon to get pow
der, but thore is no stir or hurry. Tho
Ranger will probably get away In a few
d;»vs, bat the officials hio not communica
tive concerning their orders.
The A'J:ims U ordered to sail to-morrow,
but canui't s;iil on account of the time re
quired for c >allng.. She will protably sail
on Wednesday. The orders nro to divide
the crew of the Monterey bwtween tho Han
ger and Adams in order to give them a full
complement, ami this would seem to mean
that tho Monterey is not going to sea.
He Does Not Care to Express a Mere
Surface Opinion.
Los Angeles, Jan. 29.--In regard to
Hawaiian annexation, Senator-elect White
said to nn Express reporter that he had not
familiarized himself with the question-
When ho was called upon to act on the mat
ter he would study it up, and in the monn
tiino he did not caro to give a surface
The Resolution Surprised Him as
Much as Anybody.
Nkw Yoi:iv, Jan. 30.— E. L. Dillingham,
the well-known Honolulu capitalist, at pres
ent here in tin' interest of certain Hawaiian
railroad ami financial enterprises, said to
day regarding the reports connecting Glaus
Spreckels with the Hawaiian revolution:
"Sprpckch Is as. innocent of any political
intriguing to bring about this result as you
are, and 1 honestly believe he was M much
surprised as any one when the' news came
out. • Any ono • who knows' State affairs in
the kingdom there knows perfectly well the
Queen only Is responsible for tbls trouble.
As for Spreckels having been in an# woy
the power behind the throne in Hawaii, that
is absurd. Like most men he had at one
time a desire for political power, and there
was a time duriutt the reign of King. Kala
kaua that he had it, but it cost him dear.
I saw a report to-day that he had at one
time held important opium concessions from
the King, and I cue-s that it U on a pa:
with much of the other talk. It is abso
lutely false, since opium has never been
legally recognized In the island?, and always
has been contraband."
Kalakaua's Old Commander Frees Hl«
TuonoT.D. Onr., Jan. 30.— Colonel Volney
V. Ashford, commander-in-chief of the
Hawaiian forces under King Kalakaua, Is
here visiting. He said to-dnv: •'The revo
lution In Hawaii was expected, but it seems
the Queen has forced the hands of her oppo
nents and obliged them to declare their
opposition rather sooner than was an
C lonel Ashford is of the opinion that an
rif-xa.ion to the Uuited S'atcs wou'd bo ad
van.ageous to the Islands in view of their
present commercial rejations with tjie re
Its Importance to Pacific
Action Being Taken by Official and
Commercial Bodies Favoring v;-.-
The committee of the Chamber of Com
merce met yesterday and prepared a report
to Us submitted to the special meeting this
afternoon strongly indorsing the mission of
the Hawaiian envoys to Washington. The
Board of Supervisors has also referred a
rest".Uon of the same purport to the Judici
ary Committee. There i* a growing feeling
in the city that England will ultimately ac
cept the inevitable, and will not lend her
influence to placing the Princess Kaiulaui
upon the throne. .?;>
Supervisors Refer a Resolution to a
Committee. : , s i
At the meeting of the Board of Super
visors last night, Mr. Forman introduced a
resolution favoring the annexation of the
Hawaiian Islands, and requesting the Cali
fornia Representatives In Congress to ' use
every effort to bring about the annexation.
Supervisor Denman said that the resolu
tion should be referred to the Judiciary
Committee, as the next steamer from Hono
lulu might bring different news.
Mr. Form an explained that more impor
tant bodies than the City Fathers had taken
a similar action. If anybody In the Union
was Interested In the question it was the
people of the Pacific Coast.
The resolution was referred to the Judi
ciary Committee by a vote of 8 to 4.
What Our Commercial Men Propose
to Do.
After the joint meeting on Saturday last
between the Hawaiian Commissioners and
the trustees of the Chamber of Commerce
th« trustees appointed a committee to con
sioei the situation aud frame a report,
i he committee consists of Captain W. L.
Merry, W. H. Dimond, James F. Chapman,
Louis B. Parrott and Charles Nelson.
f . ■•- he'd a meeting yesterday afternoon
and Agreed upon a report lor submission to
the special meeting of the Chamber of
Commerce, to be held thi* afternoon at 2
It was ascertained that the committee
is unanimous in recommending that resolu
tions be adopted strongly favoring the an
nexation of the Hawaiian Islands by tho
United States.
Barry Baldwin, president of the Traffic
Association, whs asked by a Call reporter
yesterday if the association would tnke any
action in regard to the question of annexa
"I don't think so," replied Mr. Baldwin.
"Our regular monthly meeting will be held
on Wednesday, but personally I do not in
tend to bring the question up, as we have
Quito enough upon our hands at present
without that. But it Is possible that some
member will bring it up.
'•Besides most of the members of the
Treffic Association are members of the
Chamber of Commerce, and will in all prob
ability attend the meeting to-morrow after
11. L Smith, secretary of the Board of
Trade, sent the following reply yesterday to
Mayor Ellert's letter of Saturday, request
ing action to be taken on the pert of the
bo.iui lv reference to the Hawaiian contru
Your communication und-r date of January
28 to i lie i resident of this board duly received,
and by tils Insttoeiloos I will state that in our
annual meeting (which Ha general meeting Of
the members of tin» board) will be held on Mon
day, February 0, 1393. the president does not
think It advisable to call a special meeting for
this purpose, but ilio Mihject-inatter will be
bronchi up at that meeting.
We leeognlze the Importance of tbts subject,
ami at the time mentioned It will be given proper
and full consideration.
Such Is the Prediction of the British
The views of Denis Donohoe, the vener
able and courteous British consular repre
sentative, stationed at this city, are strongly
opposed to the success of the mission of the
commissioners who are on their wav to
Washington to obtain annexation of the
Hawaiian Islands.
When asked what he thought would be
the result of the mission he said: "I am of
the opinion that there will be no annexa
tion when the American Government has
received the representatives of those op
posed to it.
"Thero are two reasons. One la the near
change of the administration at Washing
ton, but the most Important is the fact that
this agitation is being worked solely by the
American population at Honolulu, who
number about 1800 and control the sugar
Industry on the islands.
"Thu market for their sugar has always
been the United State?, and the high im
port duty imposed by the American Gov
ernment has almost ruined Him industry.
"An a way out of the financial dilemma
in which thoy have b«en placed tho sugar
growors nre attempting the upset of the
present Government and the annexation of
the islands to the United States, bat the
body of the Hawaiian people, who form the
large majority of the population, are not
desirous of change of Government nnd will
strongly oppose the present attempt being
made and 1 think will make such represen
tations to the American Government as
will induce it to abandon the idea of an
nexation entirely."
"What action will Encland take should
the American Government favorably regard
the proposals of the annex.ttionist repre
"I cannot toll you what the instructions
of the British Government arc, and would
not be permitted to if 1 knew, but niv
private opinion is that Graft! Britain would
not Interfere in whatever change was made
with the consent of the Hawaiian people.''
In speaking generally upon the subject
he said: "Of course I think whatever will
be the outcome of this agitation can be only
surmise J it present. The fact that it is
coulined entirely to a few American capi
talists, iboufta active and iuilueiitial, is a
good ro;is,)i), 1 tliink, to expect it to fail."
He Is Officially Notified of the Change
of (jovernment.
F. A, Pratt, ConMi!-Uen«ral nf the Ha
waiian Islands, received two oflk-lal docu
ments from the Provisional Government by
the steamer Claudine.
Ono was from P. C. Jones, Minister of
Fiuancp, requesting him to immediately
rescind a recent order given to the Wash
ington mint for a new coinage bearing the
"phiz" of ex-Queen Liliuokalani. The
coins were to consist of 400,000 one-cent
piece?, 400.000 nickels and 100,000 dimes.
The work at the mint had fortunately not
gone far enough so that the rescinding of
the order, which was promptly forwarded,
will not entail much loss or auuoyauce.
The other communication, was from
Premier Dole and was clothed in the lan
guags of statecraft. Mr. Pratt was in
formed that the Queen had been dethroned,
and that the Provisional Government was
in power.
Ho was notified thnt under the provisions
of the proclamation issued by the commit
tee of safety ha is continued in oflice as
Consul-General at this port, and was re-
Quested to send prompt notification to the
four Consuls in his jurisdiction of the
change of government.
Consul Pratt has sent a reply to Premier
Dole acknowledging receipt of the notifica
tion, and that the instructions therein have
been earned cut.
Bah he aud Dr. Mott Smith, the Minister
at Washington, now occupy rather anoma
lous positions. Their commissions of oflice
bear the seal of the Queen, but they are no
longer her official servants but ol those who
have deposed her.
Mr. Pratt desires to allay the apprehen
sion of danger on the part of intending
visitors to Honolulu. Personal liberty baa
been assured by tha Provisional Govern
ment, and the natives have no intention
whatever of committing any act of lawless
ness. Visitors would bo as safe In Honolulu
or elsewhere on the islands at midnight as
at noon on (he streets of San Frauciaco.
Martial law had been proclaimed merely as
a precautionary measure.
The City and Harbor Will Soon Be
Well Protected.
San Francisco is vow tn a fair way toward
being well protected from any invasion
from th« sea.
For the last two years mysterious cranes
have been swinging hugn blocks of granite
at the different fortifications along the
Golden Gate, but what particular use is
being made of the stone remains a mystery
to those who see the operations from both
the land and water *ides.
They are all hidden by gently sloping
mounds of sod, and few peoplo would be
aware from general appearances that be
hind tho«e innocent little hillocks the most
destructive and deadly weapons known to
modern t nies are being silently arranged to
be ot service when called upon.
At Fort Point six emplacements, most
mntsive in construction, are rapidly being
completed for the protection of as many
heavy steel rifled guns of the most improved
pattern, and more will fellow in a short
time. Magazine* of steel and concrete are
also bftios constructed, and will be so built
and arranged as to be impenetrable to any
kind of shot or shell.
At Black Point and at Lime Point pecu
liar little hovMt of solid cement and steel
have just been completed. They are be
lieved to be a system of "cover," so as to be
out of reach of any projectiles that may be
fired toward them, but a person inside can
command a gcod view of the entrance of
the harbor. On a small shelf ar.« a f -w
harmless-looking brass levers. All it re
quires Is to press one of these levers at the
proper moment and the heaviest warship
on entering the bay could be sent skyward.
Of course thfi mines for this work are
not new iv position at the bottom of the
channel, but sufficient explosives .ire so
arranged at the magazines on Aneel Island
that they may be placed in position and
conns-U".! with electric w'res to the:< 3 ior
pedo stations at a few hours' notice.
During the next year a mortar battery
will be placed in the Presidio fortifications.
The guvs will be sixteen in numher and of
the 12-lnefa ritie pattern, and will be most
effective in tho city's defense.
A few, and a very few, of the mod
ern stfel fiege seasonal guns have made
their appearance in Sa:i Francisco or at any
of th« other Pacific Coast defences, although
the Government has made numerous ap
proprlatioas since 1888 for that purpose,
but judging from the work being dove at
the different f>rts In the way of construct
ing empla ■ emeub a number of them are
soon to arrive.
of tho old smooth-bore guns that
have frowned upon the waters of the bay
for years have been placed recently in re
enforced carriages of more modern con
struction and m the short range they would
get at an invading ship would do very fair
service, but with the present appliances a
well-annoied vessel, if it could avoid the
mines and torpedoes, would have no diffi
culty iv sailing nil round the bay and out
again, sustaining very little damage.
Hawaiian Exports and Imports and
As showing the importance of the Ila
wailaa Ulantfl to the commercial interests
of the United States Pacific ports it may be
Stated that out of the total exports and im
ports for 1891, amounting t0 517,698,270 92,
85.37 per cent, or $10,118,339 43, was in con
nection with these ports.
The total experts amounted to SKV::,?,
--788 27,01 which SIO,I!V;,'J7B 47 were sent to
the Pacific ports. The total imports
were 17,438,482 ti"«, of which $4,922,060 '.Hi
went irom same ports and $372,8X7 t ; l
fr in the Dotted States Atlantic ports.
The imports from Great Britain amounted
to $1,201,32943; Germany, $:<SU4."iP6; Aus
trnlia nixl New Zealand, f155,15660; China,
$227,392 38; Japan, 560,5<>3 41 ; British Co
lumbia, $28,4r>4; whales-hips, $16,826 79;
Islands in Pacific, £10,168 89; France, $21,
--66596; all others, S94;tl <Jl.
The total Increase In the imports over the
preceding year amounted to 1477,281
The imports increased in building mate
rials, con!, drugs, linens, woolen*, fancy
goods, flour, furniture, grain, groceries,
gunpowder, iron, steel, "jewelry. machinery,
matches, naval stores, oils, paints, etc., per
turnery, stationery, tobacco, light wine»,
household furniture and sundry merchan
Bat there were decreases In ale. porter,
beer, etc., animals and birds, clothing,
Crockery, cotton, silks, mixtures, fertilizers,
fish, fruits guns, hardware, leather, lum
ber, musical instruments, railroad material,
siniilli'ry, etc., sheathing metals, shocks,
etc., spirits, tea and tin.
The entire population of tho Hawaiian
Kingdom in 1890 was B!>,WO, of whom 34,430
were natives, til.sG half-castes, 74'.V> Hawai
ian-born foreigners, li>2S Americans, 1331
Britisl', 1O.!4 German?, 70 French, 8609 I'or
tucnese, 'J'_'7 Norwegians, 15,301 Chinese,
12,980 Japanese, s^B Polynesians, 419 other
In tlte six years from 1884 to 1890 the pop
ulation nad increased iW'O. The Chinese
population h;»d decreased from 17,999 to
16,901; but the Japanese showed a remark
able increase, ihu figure* being 1884, 110;
1890, r_\:Uso. This wa- due to the fact that
large numbers of Japanese were brought
into the isian d on the contract-labor plan.
The Monterey.
Thero has been no definite information
received regarding the cruiser Monterey.
She will, it is expected, go to Mare Island
thi* morning to be fitted out, but what her
further movements will be are so far un
known. _________________
Fire at Sisson.
Sissox, Jan. 30. — At 4 oYlock this niorc
ini?, a lire broke out in Chinatown, cou
suiiiini! six buildings, only two of which
were occupifd. Fortunately there was
plenty of snow, or Chinatown would have
been a total loS9. There was no insurance
on the ptoperty.
Socialists Cause Trouble.
r.ri'A-I'i si a, Jan. :>o.— The efforts of the
Prussian HOL'ialisis to foment trouble in
tin; (i'i)vernment smal'-nrms factory in this
city culminated to-rtny in the strike of 1300
men for nifre wnues.
James G. Blame Laid to j
- ■ .■ ■ ■■ --'."" ■ *
The Private Funeral of the Popular
Idol Became an Impressive Pub
»lic Demonstration.
Special to The Mobnixg Call. -
Washington, Jan. 30.— Blame could not
have ■ private funeral. The surging waves
of public interest wept over the barriers
and made his private funeral one of the
most impressive public - demonstrations..
The most eminent men of the nation stood
around the bier. All business in the na
tional capital was suspended during the
service. The presence of the President,
Cabinet, Supreme Judges, high: officials of
Congress and diplomatic corps was not
more significant than the homage of the
waiting crowds, who in respectful silence
lined the streets through which the funeral
cortege passed.
The parlor on the second floor, where the
body lay, was fairly embowered in floral
tributes from prominent people from all
parts of the country, from President "E*?f~T\
son down. The President's tribute * ft \ '.
wreath of orchids and rose?, placed on the
coffin. The President entered first, accom
panied by Mrs. McKee, and following them
came officials of the executive, leci-<lative
and judicial departments, the diplomatic
corps and others who by ties of kindred,
friendship or association were entitled to
the privilege of being present at the final
rites of the distinguished statesman.
The parlors were not able to contain all
who received invitations. Even the house
was too small, and many perforce remained
in carriages, which filled the adjacent
streets, extending along Pennsylvania ave
nue, in front of the Treasury, the War,
State arid Navy buildings. A concourse of
several thousand occupied Lafayette
square, opposite the Blame mansion; and
the doors and windows of adjacent bouses
were thronged with spectators. • '
A marked air of decorous solemnity at
tended even the outside demonstrations.
As the hour for the services arrived the
mourners, including the members of the
family, grouped around the casket, the re
mainder of those present standing, as there
was not room for chairs. ? "•
The simple seivice of prayer constituted
the rites. Rev. Mr. Hamlin, standing be
hind the casket, delivered in a low tone the
Presbyterian service for the dead, Walter
Damrosch, meantime, touching the keys of
the piano to the notes of a slow dirge. Dr.
ilamlin thanked God that life ended only
that immortality might begin. He besought
the Almighty for comfort to the members of
the stricken household.
ended the brief but impressive serv
ice. The casket was closed and tenderly
borne to the hearse, and the procession
wended its way slowly to the Church of the
The street outside was thronged with
spectators, who reverently doffed their hats
as the cor; passed. Following the hearse '
were the pallbearers — Senators Frye > ; and
Hale, of Maine, and Morgan of Alabama,
.representatives K-ed and Boutelle, of
Maine, ilitt of Illinois and iiineham of
Pennsylvania, General Thomas E wing of
Ohio, John Hay of Washington, Joseph B.
Mauley of Maine, Alii;et F. Jeuksof Brook
lyn »nd P. V P. Ely of Boston. Theu came
the members of the family, attending phy
sicians and the distinguished guests in due
At the church ropes were stretched to
exclude all who were nut specially invited.
. The funeral procession arrived at the
church at noon and to an improvisation on
the orzan made up of the several themes of
Hymns which B'.ains loved the distin
guished concourse moved slowly jd the aisle
and the body whs deposited at the chapel
The services at the church were as simple
as at the house, consisting of the service for
the dead, selections from the Scriptures and
Then the funeral procession re-formed
and the body was conveyed to Oak Hill
Cemetery and laid to rest.
The decorations at the church were very
rich and effective. The terrace formed by
the pulpit and the rail separating the organ
gallery from the platform afforded a back
ground for a striking massing of plants and
cut flowers. On the ledge of the pulpit
cut flowers were ranged In a ribbon ten or
twelve inches in width, and below this rib
bon, and suspended from across the front
and around the curved sides of the pulpit,
were short festoons of stuilax. The bap
tismal font, at the right of the pulpit, was
twined with smil ix, and boie in its bowl a
bunch of Harrison lilies. Over the cut
flowers were foliage plant?, and at either
end of the rail, against the wall, stood an
Immense ■rubber tree which towered over
all. Immediately behind the reading-desk
were two Keatiai palms. The front of the
organ was covered with curtains of sniilax
and ropes were draped from the apex of
the instrument to the candelabra on the
side walls of the organ loft. This decora
tion was mad i! under the direction of the
public gardener and has never been sur
passed here in either profusion or effective
ensemble. The space in front of the pul
pit, in which the coffin lay, was entirely
covered with floral emblems which had ac
companied the remains from the house.
Those were disposed in such way as to ;
heighten the effect of the stationary decora
Mrs. li!aln« WM not nmon? the mourners
at the church. Just before the starting of
the funeral procession from LafayeUe
square she requested to be left alone for a
few minutes with her dead. The parlur
was c'.e.ired for this purpose, and when Mrs.
Blame emerged she made her way, sup
ported on the arms of her son and daughter,
to the room wl-ere her husband had died,
and there pave wny to her erief in utter
prostration. \lrs. Hale and other sympa
thizing friends followed her to the death
chamber, but friendly ministrations were of
no avail, and Airs. Blaiue was compelled to
stay behind.
At Oak Hill Cemetery on the successive
terraces that border the winding pathway
leading to the grave scores of spectators
were standing and many pressed forward to
pluck a flower from the wreath on tho
column that adorned the dead man's bier.
The floral tributes were so./uimerous that
five wagons were necessary w convey them
to the cemetery, where they were arranged
artistically at the back of the grave on a
huge strip of canvas.
Dr. ITamlin read the simple burial service
of the Presbyterian church. This was fol
lowed by an extemporaneous prayer, and
then came the benediction, a: d all that was
mortal ot Jamei Gillespie Blame was con
signed to e;irth. The Interment was over
fifteen minutes after the cortege entered the
cemetery at 1 :30 o'clock.
Slowly the crowd dispersed. The Presi
dent and his Cabinet, the Senators and the
family all entered their carriages and were
driven away. ;i!l Out one. Jamus G. Blame.
who is junior mi longer, whu stood beside
the grave of his father until the msoni had
bricked in thn casket and the grave-diggers
had tilled in the remaining space. When all
this was accomplished ho returned to his
carriage and the last group of spectators
dispersed. The death certificate gives the
primary cause of death as arterio veml
fibrnsis, chronic interstitial nephrit s and
chronic catarrhal pneumonia. The i 111
--niodiate cau*« was cirdiac degeneration aud
dilatation with oedema of the lung:*.
The desire of the friends who attended
the services at tlio church to carry, a way
some momento of tho occasion resulted in
the complete stripping cf the flowers, from
the pulpit and organ rail utmost before ths
cortege had fairly begun its march to the
The will of Mr. Blalne will be probated
In Augusta, Me. The disposition he makes
of his property Is characteristic of the con
fidence he always reposed in his wife and
which was such a noticeable feature of the
family relation. Everything is left unre
servedly to Mrs. Blalne, she to be sale
executrix and not to be required to give
any boh 1." Too estate will amount to about
$800,000. J. .'/
The Minnesota Legislature - Holds
Memorial Service.
St. Patti., J«n. 30.— Both houses of Urn
Minnesota Legislature met in joint session
this afternoon and held a Blame memorial
meeting. A joint committee reported • set
of resolutions eulogistic of the dead states
man, tendering the sympathy of the people
of Minnesota to the bereaved family and
concluding with the sentiment that he
needs no epltanh but his name. After ad
dresses by Ingatius Djnnelly and other*;
the resolutions were unanimously adopted
and both houses adjourned as a further
token of respect.
ArousTA, Me., Jan. 30.— While th«
Blame funeral services were being held ia
Washington to-day regular funeral services
were also hela in the Congregational church
in this city, so that the people among whom
the departed statesman began his car«er
might attest their regard and sorrow. The
church was til led, over 1000 persons bemj
present, including the cleisyrnen of the
city. The church was appropriately dec
orated, lion. J. W. Brailbury, who is 9t
•Years of age, made an affecting address, ;n
whi v-h he sv>oke of the singular ways of
providence, by which a man of Mr. Blaise's
nge, when at the zenith of his possibilities,
should be taken, while those of advanced
age and little usefulness were left. Insola
tions of affectionate regard, favoring trie in
terment of the remains in Augusta, nera
adopted and ordered sent to the family.
Russell Harrison Denies an Old Cam
paign Canard.
if ariox, I»d., Jau. 3o.— The attention of
Kusseil Harrison was called to-day to th«
report that his conduct was the causftuf
Mr. Blame resigning the Secretaryship of
State. lie said:
''Mr. Blame is dead, and with other citi
zens of the country I sympathize deeply
with his family. For that reason you matt
excuse me from any interview beyoud statins
that such stories do both myself and Mr.
Blame great injustice.
"They are false and absolutely without
foundation. Mr. Blame, as is well known,
resigned to become a candidate. He did
not believe these reports. I have a per
sonal letter iv his own handwriting to tu«i
A Designing Alan and a Demure
How Charles Cutler of Los Angeles
. Happened to Use a Shotgun on
I David Han ley.
Special to The Mobkins Call.
Los Angeles, Jan. SO.— The case of Th«
People vs. Charles Cutler will never coma
to trial. Cutler was charged with assault
ing Dave Hanley with a deadly weapon,
"with intent to kill, the weapon being *
double- nan shotgun,- which Cutter say*
was not loaded, but which Hanley declares
snapped but did not discharge.
The series of circumstances that led up to
the assault make a romance of the yellow
back novel stripe. Charles Cutler, his
mmher and sister, a girl of 17, resided on
160 acres of unsurveyed Government land
in the Calabasis region. They held the
land on a squatter claim. They were very
poor, their principal possession being an
ancient horse, which farmed the place,
Oueevil day the hor^edied. Without him
they could not do tiieir spring plowing, and
unless they plowed they could not remain
on the plr.c*. and unless they remained they
could not hold the title to the land. In this
emergency it was decided that the mother
and sou should co down into the valley and
go to work for the farmers until they earned
sufficient incney to buy a new horse, while
the girl was to remain ou the ranch and
hold the fort.
The pair were nbsent about s!x weeks.
One morning they returned to the ranch,
bringing with them a uew horse. When
they reached the borders of the tract, how
ever, they were nstoni>hed to find the land
plowed up, and this astonishment was turned
to bewilderment when they came to the
cabin, to find the roof off, all the furniture
vanished and they girl gone.
Lo< king a short distance off ithey beheld
a tent or teoert pitched on a few poles. A
small breakfast fire was smoldering on ths
oatslde, while close to the opening sat a
bearded man. This was Haniey. A quar
rel ensued auJ Cutler endeavored to sLoot
Haniey, who had him arrested.
The day of tho trial the prosecuting wit
ness did not show iul Cutler then com
plained to the District Attorney of tho dis
appearance of hia sister. The District At
torney put detectives on her track, who
found that Hanley had eloped with the
girl and gone to San Pedro, where they so:
aboard a beat and were married by the cap
tain on the high seas.
Cutler is again alter Ilanley with a shot
Fatal Accident at a British Columbia
Coal Mine.
Victoria, B. C, Jan. 30.— The Tuuibo
Island coal mine was the scene of an appall
ing accident yesterday. A boiler used in
the hoisting works exploded, and M. G. 11.
Morrison, a contractor, and John N. Harris,
assistant engineer, were instantly killed.
The building in which the explosion took
p ace was completely wrecked. Morrison
had a wife and two children, who arc now
at Vancouver, ami Ilirris a wife and five
children in this city.
The Gage Canal at Riverside Nearing
Riverside, Jan. 30.— 0 mof the largest
cement diU'ii entracts ever undertaken in
this part of the !Stite is now rapidly Hearing
completion. The Gage canal, which fur
nishes the water supply ior the new cable
settlement* of this city, will be cemented
for a distance of six miles. Gray Brothers
of Los Angeles have the contract, and a
large force of men and teams hay.» been
employed In the work for ninny weeks past.
/sgaJfl Baking
In all the great Hotels, the leading
Clubs and the homes, Dr. Price'sCream
Baking Powder holds its supremacy.
Dr. Trice's The only Pure
Contains Cream of Tartar
. No Ammonia, Baking Powder.
No Alum, lt3 p rity
Or any other Has never been
Adulterant. Questioned. ;
40 Years the Standard.
to'niyWePrlUMe7p TaTblp ft.NU

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