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The morning call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, August 25, 1893, Image 1

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Breaking of the Ground for the MIDWINTER FAIR
Hemmed in by the green of nature, the
blue vault of heaven above, a multitude
stood as the sun descended the western
sky. For hours it remained motionless,
save for a swaying back and forth like the
long roll of the Pacific until the fog from
the ocean came streaming through the val
ley and wrought fantastic images as it
drifted over the land.
It was an epoch in California's history,
the day the Midwinter Fair became a
reality, ami this great mass of humanity
was present to witness the turning of a
handful of earth because it was a symbol
indicative of vrork for the needy, of pros
perity during the coming months and of
glories for the State, when from the sand
dunes where the thousands yesterday
stood, the sand dunes around and upon
which tiie gray fog writhed, shall arise
creat and glorious structuree, inspired by
art and built by man.
Near to the hearts of people on this coa9t
has one of the speakers who addressed the
great concourse always been, bat never
nearer than when, at the close of a stirring
address, he lifted his hands upward and
bpnding his gaze in the sa ma direction
asked the divine blessing on the great
work. It was not expected — it came not
from an ordained clergyman, but the deep
silence that reigned everywhere, a silence
that allowed one to hear the chirpine of a
bird on a tree hundreds of feet away,
shnwed how his thoughts were followed
and his prayer concurred in. Then in an
swer to a single question put by him came
a mighty shout. It was only the word
"Ye?," brut when that mass of people gava
volume to the sound it was like a wav«
breaking on the rocks. He had asked
whether the fair would be a success,
w!iethpr it would pay, and there in that
beautiful Golden Gate Tark was given the
people's answer.
A bright bit of cniorin a mass of human
ity was *he grand stand erected for the
occasion. Large in itself it was dwarfed
when the residents of N:in Francisco and
cities and towns adjacent swarmed around
to gi£RJiieir approval by their presence
"ifi br their cheers to the work about to
4 S f C-^igurated From this stand floated
j! eat music, and from it also came trie
> Ards of promise regarding the future and
woitfsrecltins what had been done.
At signal from a leader the instru
ments of two bands combined for the
moment, pealed forth the stirring strains
of "America," while at the same signal a
thousand voices took tip the song, com-
mencing "My country 'tis of thee." With
them joined the many thousands in front,
at the sides and to the rear, until every
man, woman and child was singing the
hymn of liberty.
[]Again was the blessine of God invoked,
this time by a clergyman, but before the
people bowed their heads lie pointed to the
hills in the distance. There was gathered
a different army, an army of men clad in
overalls and blouses, standing beside
l:or#es harnessed to wagons and by horses
attached to machines of various designs.
It was an army of workmen, and as the
last words passed from the grand stand
whips were cracued, starting the scrapers
at tneir task, and shovels and pickaxes
were brought Into requisition. The work
had begun, the work that will only end
when buildings of noble proportions grace
the site and art has lent a graceful hand in
harmonizing the whole.
It was a wonderful, an inspiring sight,
that oiass of humanity. Never before has
the like been seen in thU world-famed
park, and the fact that they were there,
that they stood for hours crowded close
together, shows a popular interest in the
project, expected, to be sure, but by none
in such degree. They were people of
every class and condition - workmen,
whose necessities of lire dei end upon the
labor that this great enteritis* will bring
them ; merchants, who will realize from the
attendance of visitors in the city, and
men who expect no direct benefit from the
exposition, but who because of love of
The Morning Call.
State assembled there to be present at the
making of history. It was a gay crowd.
dotted here and there with bright bits of
color worn by mothers, sisters and sweet
hearts. It was a good-natured crowd, for
it was taxed to the utmost by the eager
ness of those surging down from the hill
tops, yet in spite of the push and the
; worry few exclamations of discomfort
were heard.
i-taudiug on that grand stand in the
center of Concert Valley one could see
people everywhere. It wa3 a sea of faces
in front aud as far back as these same
face 9 could be discernible. Then it be
came a black mass extending away to the
hills, upon which others stood. At the
sides the same effect was noticeable, and
in the rear the mass of humanity extended
back until the rolling land shut out the
view. Over 50,000 people stood there for
hours yesterday without hearing a word
because of the distance, stood there for
hours and cheered, showing by their
presence San Francisco's approval of the
Midwinter Fair.
Concert Valley in Golden Gate Park
was the Mecca of the town yesterday
Soon after noon the streetcars began to
be crowded with prospective spectators of
the opening ceremonies of the great Mid
winter Fair. People arranged for an early
lunch, and the word appeared to have
been passed that it was the early bird who
would get the worm, or, in other words,
the best seat.
San Francisco is a city of cables, but
every one of them that was anywhere
near the park was groaning yesterday.
From 1 o'clock until 7, with a brief recess
w hile the exercises were being listened to,
those hapless cables tolled and toiled. Up
Market to Hayes, to McAllister, to
liaignt, up Powell to Jackson or Sacra
mento, ur> Eddy, ud O'Farrell to Califor
nia. vi» Union to Hyde, up Slitter, up
Geary, tlm long, strong wire ropes tugged
thousands and thousands of expectant
specimens of humanity. The Cliff and
Ferries road corraled a big proportion by
means of a notice set up on the corner of
Market and Powell streets, urging the
public to "take these cars to the Mid
winierFair; the line has been extended
directly to the grounds."
Uigherupon its Hoe the Ferries and
Cliff House road had diverted all its cars
from the Cliff House to the fair grounds
to accommodate the extraordinary press of
traffic. One dude, who alighted from the
steam-dummy at the corner where it. is
usual to meet the car to the ClitT House,
suffered from this arrangement, having to
wait Indefinitely. He had been heard to
remark to a friend that he did not "pro
pose to be crowded to death in this mob of
fools, you know," so no one cared to en
lighten him as to the change in the car
arrangements. Tho so-called "fools" had
the best of it that lime.
In the memory of the oldest gripman the
travel was the heaviest ever known here.
People living out toward the park had no
chance after 1 o'clock to get a ride on the
I cars. After waiting hopelessly for some"off
chance" they would resolutely gird up
their loins and tramp toward the goal of
their desires.
A few wise ones residing in the out
skirts had the prescience to take posses
, sion of cars going ferryward : tid ride
I all the way down to the foot of .Market
I street and so back to the park, remaining
i solidly in their seats and smiling in their
sleeves as the crowds hopelessly besieeed
the pre-empted vehifies It cost them B
; cents apiece more, but they "got there"
some time, and in pood shape.
It was extraordinary, too, to note how
elastic some of those cable-cars were. The
companies had foreseen their harvest. It
is not often that two Sundays come in a
1 week, and this was biguer travel than on
] the best Sunday recorded. They had,
therefore, arranged to have all the c;irs
possible down in the city and pointing
parkward early in the afternoon, and
i great lines of cars almost c!os»* together
was a peculiarity of Market street.
People filled the seats and then the
aisles. After that they crowded the plat
i forms and stood upon th« footboards.
! .Still later they hurled themselves on the
; car anyhow and just stuck there. Perhaps
! they (tot a too on the footboard or a hand
! on some stanchion ; perhaps some friend
caught them Oy the collar. No one knows.
But they stuck there and got oat to the
grounds on time.
One young lady who lives within ten
blocks of the park has an unknown treas
ure in her beauty. One of tbe most
'■ crowded of ali the cars, having human
beings sticking out all over it like the
. quills of the fretful porcupine, approached
i her. She had been making a leisurely
l toilet and was a perfect dream in a blue
sailor hat and iridescent silk gown, with
the cutest puffed sleeves possible. -She
wanted to go out to the park and made a
I gentle signal to tne gripman. That official
had scorned scores of such intimations, as
his car was packed, but when his eye fell
on the vision he threw on the brake
'< with a jerk that shook every one
!on the car. Then the vision advanced
, to the car platform and simply raised her
; eyes to the mass of clinging humanity,
| trying to maintain itself there. In an mi
i stant Hie humanity was on the street and
the vision was sitting down in a choice
seat, with only a whispered "thank you"
to recompense itrttgffllnc humanity for its
desperate eallantry in unpacking and re
packing itself. The vision never knew
there was anything unusual in the episode,
but the cynics smiled.
Oh, yes, it wan a good-natured crowd on
the card yesterday, and it was perhaps as
well that it was. On the whole the trans
portation facilities out to the ground were
fair, and the shekels taken in must have
rejoiced the heart* of the shareholders iv
the various companies.
Arrived in the park say at 1 o'clock, any
j visitor had plenty of entertainment in
watchinz the animated volumes of incom
ing travel.
Every description of vehicle had been
i Impressed to bring thither citiz'ns deter
mined to assist in making the opening
ceremonies as successful as possible.
There were buggies, double and 6ingle,
with and without tops, carts of all makes,
Dhaetous, a few coupes, back*, broughams
English dog-carts and a flock of bicycles.
Au interesting feature of tue vehicles
was the procession of sixty dirt-wagons
and scrapers waiting on the main road for
the exercises to be over in order that they
might start in on the practical work.
This wan a tangible earnest of the good
the fair was promised to do.
Bat the bulk of the people were on foot,
having used the convenient cars. They
came from all directions, but converged at
the head of Concert Valley.
There the visitor paused a moment be
fore plunging into the vale. The great
oval basin «v thronged with heads topped
with vari-colored hats and a few gay sun
shades. Away at the west end, toward
the ocean, was the grand stand erected for
the executive committees, the orators and
the band. It was a conspicuous affair,
surrounded with flagpoles and ornamented
with green eucalyptus boughs and great
vignettes of Lincoln^ Washington and
( slifornla extending a "welcome" to the
Evidently that grand stand was the place
to get at, and the crowd made for it.
This was where the police came in and
demonstrated itc helplessness in an unex
pected contingency. The crowd surged
down on the grand stand in its thousands.
The result was that the people were indis
criminately urged nearer and neaicr to the
wooden barrier preserving the sanctity of
tbai inclosure. Clospt and closer were
those in front jammed, iind women began
to shriek and men accompanied by femi
nine or tender little ones began to shove
and swear.
The police did the best they could to re
lieve the pressure round the grand stand,
but they were 100 few to do much. Pretty
soon the hoodlum and chippy element be
gan to awaken to the chance of rowdyism,
and gangs of hard-looking citizens started
in to wedge themselves toward the plat
At last authority feared dangerous re
sults and began to relent. Women were
dragged up over the barrier, their pretty
toilets draggled and themselves limp and
exhausted. Children were passed up cry
ing, and even men were admitted to safety
and ushered out to the rear purlieus of
This was the hoodlum's chance. If any
one was allowed on the stand, why not
he? So with his "gang" he made a still
more determined rush, and serious trouble
seemed imminent. At that minute the
band of the incoming parade announced
the arrival of more police and several ufti
cers were speedily on the ground.
The bluecoats advanced between the
grand stand and the excited, swaying
mass of people. Clubs were drawn and
hoodlums were ruthlessly plucked out
from fancied security and thrust without
ceremony beneath the planking. What
became of them no one knew. A space
was quickly cleared before the grand
Stand aad this was maintained to the end
of the exercises. Had the precaution
been taken before, the hoodlum would
have been spared a temporary triumph
aii'l many delicate persons serious peril.
Elsewhere in the. crowd them was a
packing of forms, but no serious conflict.
It was a good-natured crowd anyway.
Except those near the grand stand, no one
could hear anything but the music, and
only snatches of that. But it was all
right. There were keen -eyed prophets
and experts among the crowd.
When any one advanced to the front of
the platform there was always some one
there to say: "That's Hammond." or
"Thai's Barnes." "He's telling them
what a success it is " would explain one
patronizingly, or "Now he's going to stir
'em ud for not contributing dollars
enough." And so it went.
Tno reflected light on the silver shovel
donated by Mrs. L. J. Wheelock was
cb light at by every one. Every one, too,
knew when the shovel was to be used to
break ground, and mystic communica
tions ran through the multitude .is to the
amount paid for the first shovelful of
earth. "A thousand dollars" was one of
tbe sums mentioned.
But see. hear or not, it was a great time
for the crowd. They knew what they
were there for, and they enjoyed the half
holiday and the perfect weather.
Perhaps, too, they understood that they
were indispensable to the success of the
grand ceremonies. Certainly that grand
stand would have seemed very lonesome
without that merry, surging, bright
colored, chattering, tiptoeing, cheering
crowd around it.
The parade proper formed only a small
part of the seemingly endless procession
that passed through the main driveway of
the park. From a little after 12 o'clock the
road winding through the panhandle way
thronged with vehicles and foot passen
gers, aud as they swept through the main
avenue of tho park it looked like the ad
vance ot an army or some grand review.
As is usual on such occasions, there was
considerable delay in getting the proces
sion formed, and the crowds which had
taken possession of almost every available
I spot from which a view of the parade
ci aid he obtained, began to grow impa
tient before the strains of music ami the
■ noise of the drums announced that the
' procession was on the move.
The delay was owing largely to the fact
that the different organizations and mili
tary companies taking part had no place
of rendezvous except the place near the
park in which their divisions were to
for/n, and it was found to be quite a differ
ent thing from gathering at their regular
place of meeting and marching in a body
to a designated snot.
But General Dickinson and his aids were
indefatigable in their pfforts to get the
various divisions in order, and withal it
was a good-natured crowd, and the work
was soon accomplished. It was a little
after 2 o'clock when General Dickinson
gave the order to advance.
The procession was in five divisions,
three of which formed on Baknr street
and the remaining two on Haves Btreet,
and the five divisions made quite, along
procession, though it was impossible to
estimate its length, for it was surrounded
and accompanied by such amass of people
going in the same direction that it wan at
times hard to tell where a division ended
and the crowd began.
The procession was headed by a bat
talion of police, marching in files the full
width of the drive, and th^ guardians nf
the ceace never marched more proudly
than yesterday, and they cleared the way
for the procession, which was following
close behind.
The Presidio band led the first division,
which was composed of Battery D, Light
Artillery. United States Infantry, with
Captain Morris in command, and, after the
battery, marched the veterans of the
Grand Army. The artillery was fully
equipped and it only took a short space of
time for the unlimbering of the guns, and
they were firing the first salute before the
last division of the procession had reached
Concert Valley.
The First Regiment band headed the
second division, which wns made ud of
the Signal Corps, Second Brigade. N. G.
C. ; First Regiment inf* try, N. G. C,
Colon H W. R. Sullivr , and tno Third
Regiment Infnntry, under Colonel Thomas
F. Barry. Following them came the First
Troop Cavalry, N. G. C, commanded by
Cautain Blumenberg. The iNaval Reserve,
marching with the Third Regiment band,
was the last military organization in this
division, and the sailor boys presented a
beautiful sight dressed in their natty uni
forms and keeping time to the music qtiite
as well as the landlubbers who preceded
The military display presented by this
second division of the parade was a
creditable one to the State guards.
The companies were well filled, and
they showed that they were well up
in tactics by a number of maneuvers
made during the march. The broad
sweep of the park drives affords an
ideal place for marching, and the com
panies were not slow to improve tie op
'Pie carriages containing the officials of
the exposition and the invited guests were
also a part of the second division. These
had beeu escorted from the Palnce to the
place of rendezvous by Captain Blumen
berg's troop of cavalry. In tue carriages
were the director-general and the execu
tive committee of the Midwinter Fair,
officers of the day and the following gen
tlemen and the representatives of foreign
countries: Brigadier-General Thomas H.
Rujer and staff of four. General J. S.
Clarkson, Colonel R. E. Warfield, General
T. C. Mastellar, R. P. Hammond, Rev.
John Hemphiil, Rabbi Jacob Voorsanger,
Mayor George C. Pardee, Chinese Embas
sador Yang Yu. Lorrin A. Thurston, Dr.
Henry Kanner. Professor Isidor Singer.
The following designers of plans which
have been accepted were in carriages: A.
Page Brown. Edward 11. Swain, Samuel
Newsom and C. C. McDougall.
The thira division was composed of vari
ous foreign military organizations, and
with their vari-colored flags and banners
and bright uniforms they presented a very
attractive appearance. Yon de Mehden's
band led the division and the companies
paraded in this order:
Garibaldi Guard— Captain, A. Olmo;
president, F. Zeira. Alpine Sharpshoot
ers—Captain, S. Giovaunini; president,
Joseph Volente. Royal Carbinieri—Cap
tain, T. Saoino; president, Y. X. P< atit:
lione. Cavalleggieri Lucca— Captain, A.
Martinelli ; presidenr, E. C. Palmieri.
Light Battery A, Secoud Brigade, N. G.
C, under Major Miles, brought up tne
rear of the division.
Foreign flags floated over the fourth and
fifth divisions also, and the same breeze
which shook out their folds waved the
stars and stripes, and the effect of so much
color was very brilliant. The fourth di
vision embraced the Juarez Guard, com-
mandod by Captain de la Torre and the
Swiss Sharpshooters commanded by Cap
tain Felizzeti.
The fifth division was made up of Bor
eel's band, French Zouaves, commanded
by Captain J. Deschawps, Lafayette
Guard, commanded by Captain J. Milly,
and carriages, all uno wished being in
vited to take part in the parade in ear
Following the fifth division came the
army of the unemployed, and formed by
far the largest pa: t of the Drocession, so
far as numbers were concerned.
It had Deen intended that 3000 unem
ployed workmen 9hould be in line and the
result was very nearly up to the expecta
ticns. Tbe workmen had a particular ob
ject in view aside from encouraging the
fair, and that was to make a demonstra
tion against ilie work being done by con
tract. A r. ntnber of banners to this effect
were displayed. "Work on the fair must
be done by days* labor" was the mntto
which headed the procession. "The
Government demands our lives in
its defense" was the sentiment on
one banner, while on the reverse ap
peared, "And we demand Government
employment in return."
The Chinese came in for some notoriety,
as was evidenced by these banners:
"Turn out the Chinesw and givo the white
girl a chance," and "Chinatown threatens
us with cholera."
. Viewed from an eminence near by the
parade presented a beautiful sight, as with \
waving flats ami flying colors it wended
its way through- the rounding drives, all
the time hemmed in by a wall of green !
foliage, and the roadway fringed with the !
green sward, and as it swept out of sight j
the crowd followed it, and where a moment \
before streamers had been floating in the
breoz', now a black mass was following
in their wake, all coins in the direction.' of i
Concert Valley, where the exercises were
to take place.
San Francisco never before gave such
hearty approval to any object as she did to
the ceremonies attendant upon the break
ing of ground for the Midwinter Fair. The
directors and projectors expected a large
crowd to be present, but they scarcely be
lieved their vision when they surveyed the
seas of people that surrounded the scene
in Conceit Valley yesterday afternoon. In
the great amphitheater a commodious
graud stand had been ererteil. A stand
for the speakers was arranged in the cen
tral portion, while tiers of chairs for in
vited guests fiilrd the background on both
sides. In front were ranged the combined
military bands and the giand vocal chorus
of 1000. The stand was beribboned and
wound with bunting, while flags and
streamers, mottoes, emblems and pictures
of national benefactors were placed at
suitable points. About the vast area im
mense flags fluttered from recently erected
masts, and the natural scenery greatly en
hanced the decorations.
Many of the spectators reached the
scene oy noon and secured advantageous
seats, but the coming crowds soon com
pelled a rhanze. First the people came in
squads, then they came in companies,
changed to regiments, advanced like bat
talions and soon mighty armies were on
the grounds, and still they came from all
directions. For a radiii9 of over 200 yards
from the stand the people were packed as
closely as they could staud, while beyond
that they gathered In groups on the
hillocks and dunes that are soon to be lev
eled for the new White City.
Tardy people with grand-stand tickets
were bewildered when they neared the
scene and saw the legions that had pre
ceded them. Dismay was set aside, and
by dint ol crowding, squeezing, shoving
and pushing the coveted central spot was
gained. At 3:10 o'clock there were fully
50,000 people on the grounds, and then the
strains of a band in the dmance foretold
the arrival of the procession and the pro
mulgatiou of the opening ceremonies.
It seemed that the hosts desired to
crowd upon the grand stand, and the efforts
of the handful of police were unavailing
as the procession approached. Directly iv
front of the choristers the crowd was so
dense that it surged and swayed in a man
ner that portended danger to the women
and children that dotted the mass. The
best of humor prevailed, but the people in
the rear wanted to be in front and the
lines would not yield. Then the cordon of
police was redoubled, the ladies and chil
dren were passed over the grand stand to
the rear and the band played the ever-pop
ular "High School Cadet March."
Still the ranks increased aud it seemed
that half of San Francisco had turned out
to honor the day and the deed. There was
not the slightest manifestation of dis
pleasure at what seemed delay, and it was
3:30 o'clock when Director-General de
Young, Secretary Badlam, Directors An
drews, Irwin C. Stump, Irving M. Scott,
P. N. Liiienthal, General R. P. Haiunioud
and the invited guests filed in from the
central entrance In the rear. A rousing,
protracted cb?er greeted their coming and
the shining shovel and precious box that
was to contain the first earth were depos
ited on the speakers' stand. The ambi
tious projectors of the Midwinter Fair
felt repaid for their efforts when they
gazed over the human sea that gave the
stamp of approval to the undertaking. All
doubts were dispelled and their ambition
was redoubled. Comparative quiet reigneii
until the combined orchestras played an
ode of welcome to the distinguished arri
Among the invited guests seated on the
grand otaud were Brigndier- General
Thomas H. Ruger and staff of four, Gen
eral J. S. Clarkson, Colonel R. H. War
field, General T. C. Mastellar, General R.
P. Hammond, Rev. John Hemphill, Rabbi
Jacob Voorsanger, Mayor Georg« C. Par
dee of Oakland, Chinese Embassador
Vane Yu, Lorrin A. Thurston, Dr. Henry
Kanner, Professor Isidor Singer, A. Page
Brown, C. C. McDougall, S. C. Newsora,
E. R. Swain and the following Consuls:
Argentine Republic, J. L. Schleiden ;
AtistroHungarlan Empire, Francis Kor
bel; Belgium, L. Charles Tamni;
Bolivia, F. Herrera; Brazil, D. L.
RandolDh; Chile, Nephtali Guerrero;
Colombia, Adolfo Canal; Costa Rica,
Rafael Gallegos; Denmark, J. Simpson;
E uador, John T. Wright; France, L. de
Lalande; Great Britain, Wellesley Moore;
Greece, D. G. Camarinos; Guatemala, 3.
D.az Duran; Hawaiian Islands, C. S.
Wilder; Italy, G. Branchi; Japan, Sutetui
Chinda; Mexico, Alex K. Coney; Nether
lands, James de Fremery ; Nicaragua, Wil
liam L. Merry; Paraguay, P. J. Via
Loben Sels; Peru, J. Einilio Lassus; Por
tugal, J. de Costa Duarte; Russia. Vlndi
mir Artslmovitch: Salvador. J. M. Roma;
Sweden and Norway, Henry Lund;
Switzerland. Autoine Borel; Turkey,
George E. Hall; Urueuay. Jose Costa;
Venezuela, Alex. E. Grogau; Romuania,
W. E. yon Jobannsen.
Tim In vocation.
Rev. John Hemphill had been chosen to
invoke divine blessing uuon the work at
the /air. As lie ,slowly '.'lvaneed with up
raised riclu baud, every head iv tUe multi*

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