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The morning call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, May 03, 1894, Image 1

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PICTURES OF OLD MISSIONS
PART ELEVEN OF
Picturesque California^
VOLUME LXXV.-NO. 134.
FRIENDS OF SILVER
English Sentiment Has
Changed.
MR. BALFOUR IN THE LEAD.
Followed by the World's Great
Financiers.
RESTORE THE WHITE METAL.
Even Those Who Have Been Sus
picious of It Now Recognize
Its Great Desirability.
London. May 2.— The international bi
metallic conference under tna auspices of
the Bimetallic Leaeue was called to order
in the Manßion House to-day, ex-Lord
Mayor Evans presiding. The proceedings
were opened with an address written by
the Lord Mayor, who was unable to at
tend. Professor Shield Nicholson read a
paper on the fall in the general level of
prices in relation to the appreciation of
told and the divergence in the value of
gold and silver.
There were about 400 delegates present
at the opening of tn« session. Among
them were: Brooks Adams of Boston,
Mass.; Mr. Vanderberg:, president of the
Bank of Netherlands, Amsterdam; Henry
Gerlusch, president of the French Bimetal
lic League; David Murphy, president of
the South Australian Bimetallic Leaeue;
Thomas Salt, late president of the Bank
ers' Institute; Sir Malcomb Frszer, agent
general ie London for Western Australia;
Right Hon. W. Lidderdaie, ex-governor of
tbe Bank of England, and prominent for
eign and British financiers, as well as
many members of Parliament.
The object of the Bimetallic League is
to urge upon the British Government the
necessity of co-operation with other lend
ing nations for the establishment of the
coinage of gold and silver at a fixed ratio.
Archbishop Walsh wrote that he was glad
to see the conference discuss the aspect of
a case In which Ireland was most deeply
concerned, namely, the ruinou* effects of
the present artificially created dearth of
money upon husbandry and its interests.
"I can only say," he concluded, "that the
experience since one year ago will but
serve to deepen the conviction of the irre
sistible strength of the cause of interna
tional bimetallism. The practical feature
of the recent experimental tampering with
currency in India ought surely to be suffi
cient finally to check the further develop
ment of the disastrous doctrino of a policy
which has so long held its ground iv Eng
land."
The governor of the Bank of France. SI.
3f. Magnln, wrote: "The silver question
impresses Hsell more every day upon finan
ciers. The whole world requires Its solu
tion in Us general interest. It is Inti
mately bound up in the commercial and
industrial prosperity of all tbe nations. I
am a resolute par.isan of tbo rehabilita
tion of silver."
Francis A. Walker wrote applauding
"the gallant, gaining fight for the restora
tion of silver to its historical place in the
currencies of the world which tbe Bimetal
lic League is making."
President Andrews of Brown University : t
"Our cause is making rapid progress and
we are certain to succeed."
Dr. Arendt, member of the Prussian
Diet, declared that bimetallism, through
another international conference, would
have very different results from the Brus
sels conference.
At the afternoon session Mr. A. B. Bal
four, Conservative leader in the House of
CommoDS, made an address. Balfour said
many who were suspicious of the donbl«
standard and bimetallic system now
recognize, in view of the impending dan
gers, that the best safeguard is to rehabili
tate silver as one of the great instruments
of the monetary transactions of the world.
It was absolutely necessary that the mone
tary functions of silver be restored. If
business wag to be carried on on a solid
basis. The difficulties of an international
agreement, he insisted, were merely aq to
the details, and if any question should be
settled by international agreemett, surely
this one should be.
Mr. Ballcur claimed that the Action of
the United States bad forced the Indian
and British governments into the system
now prevailing, adding: "We ought to
enter into an agreement with the countries
of the world for a bimetallic 1 joint stand
ard. The solution of the problem is easier
than it will be five jears hence. Great Is
the responsibility of those who keep Eng
land in stupid, selfish isolation in this
great question."
M. Leon Courtenay followed, contending
that any international fixed ratio was
practicable if based upon the normal pro
duction of gold and silver.
The banquet to the foreign delegates this
evening was held at the Albion Hotel.
Ex-Lnrd Mayor Evans presided. Right
Hon. Henry Chaplin, formerly president
of the Board of Agriculture, proposed a
toast to the success of the conference and
addressed a lew remarks of welcome to
the delegates. M. Henri Cornuschi. pres
ident of the French Bimetallic League,
responded to Mr. Chaplin's remarks.
Sir William H. Houlde^worth. who was
the delegate of Great Britain at the mone
tary conference at Brussels, offered a
toast to the guests, and in the course o'
his remarks expressed regret at the ab
sence of the American representative.
M. George Levellie of Brussels and Dr.
Arendt of Germany responded to toasts.
Dr. Arendt said the proceedings of the
conference pointed to the fact that an
other banquet would aaon be held to cele
brate the solution of this great question.
NEW MONETARY SYSTEM.
Brookshire of Indiana Thinks He
Has Solved the Problem.
Washington. May 2. — Congressman
Brookshire of Indiana introauced in the
House to-day a bill providing for tome j
comprehensive changes in the present
financial system. The bill provides that
no greenbacks shall be issued of a smaller
denomination than $10; that not over one
fourth in value of the amount of circula
tion Issued to national banks shall be of a
less denomination than $10; ihat coin cer
tificates shall be Issued instead of silver
certificates, gold certificates and the
treasury notes issued under act of July,
1890. The bill provides for the purchase
The Morning Call.
of coin certificates on all the gold and sil
ver coin and gold bullion in the treasury
in excess of 8100,000,000 of sold, which is
held as a reserve for redemption of the
greenbacks. The bill also provides for tbe
i*suh of coiu certificates on all of the silver
seieniorage bullion, not exceeding $1 for
471 J4 grains of pure silver, and that it
shall be the duty of the Secretary of the
Treasury to pay out these coin certificates
i" discharge ot the obligations of the
United State.*, excent such as are mnde ex
pressly payable In coin. Moreover, the
bill provides that the owner of coin, gold
and silver, may deposit the same with the
treasurer of any sub -treasury of the
United States in the sum of $10, or any
multiple thereof, and receive coin certifi
cates in lieu of same.
Senator Walsh to-day introducod a bill
for the repeal of the tax of 10 per cent on
the circulation on State banks. Senator
Walsh said in reply to a question that the
bill was intended to provide for uncondi
tional repeal.
"That is what we want," he said; "we
claim that the Federal Government has
nothing to do with tbe regulations ol State
banking institutions, and ask to have the
State bank tax stricken from the books."
CHINESE TREATY.
Under the Agreement It Will Prob-
ably Come Up To-Day.
Washington, May 2.— lf the agreement
made in tbe Senate two weeks ago is ob
served the tariff debate will be suspended
to-morrow to permit the Senate to con
sider the Chinese treaty. The observance
of the agreement will probably depend
upon the wishes of Senator Morgan as
chairman of tbe Committee on Foreigti
Relations, who has been absent from the
Senate several days. His leave of absence
will expire to-morrow, and if he should be
present and express a desire to have the
treaty considered his wishes will doubtless
be complied with. If on the other hand he
sbould express a wisb to have considera
tion postponed the Democratic manager of
the tariff debate will acquiesce willingly.
The first question to be determined in
connection with thetreatv is the motion of
Senator Mitchell that it be discussed and
action taken upon it in open session. It
is the purpose of the Republican Senators
from the Pacific Coast to antagonize the
treaty by all tbe arts at their command,
and they will reqirre considerable time for
the expression of their views.
PAID FOR INFLUENCE.
Beginning of the Italian Bank
Scandal Trials.
Money Was Given to Hen High in
the Government for No Con
sideration.
Rome, May 2 —Tbe trial of the directors
and officers of the Banca Komano began
to-day in tbe Court of Assizes. It involves |
not only tbe officers of the bank, but poii-
Uciaus, whose standing prior to the flight
of Director Cucilello with 2,500,000 lire be
longing to the Home branch of tbe Bank
of Naples was veiv high. Tbe investiga
tion last year « f the affairs of the Bank of
Naples showed a deficit of 3.000,000 lire in
tbe account with Its Rome branch, the sum
having been paid out in tbe course of sev
eral years without any other than political
consideration. Tbe investigation, which
covered all the banks, showed the utmost
confusion in other institutions. The cash
deficit of the Banca Komano was 28,600,000
lire, aud the illegal notes of that bank's
issue siuce 1883 had reached 64,000,000. A
Urge part of this money is said to have
been given to prominent politicians in
order to secure their election and support.
Signor Tanlengo, governor of the Banca
Romano ; Cesare Lazzarroni, the cashier
of the bank: Signor Monsillo Zainmarano
and three others were arrested in connec
tion with this disclosure, but Lazznrroni,
Tanleugo and others were acquitted. -
Tne scandal resulted iv the appointment
of an official committee to investigate the
whole subject. The commission reported
last November, involviug Petro Lacava,
Minister of Commerce, and the following
Deputies: Count Machele Amadoir. for
merly Under Secretary of State: Pietro
del Brlcbio, a close friend of ex-Premier
Giolitti; Filippe Gavallini. Duke Gennaro
di San Dmto; Augusto Aliasi; Bron Gro
vanni Nicotera, Minister of the Interior
under Crispi; Signor Bruno Chimirri, ex-
Minister of Agriculture and of Justice,
aod a number of others.
The prosecution of the directors and
officers of the Banca Romano was then
ordered. The hearing will last for several
dayi.
TRIALS OF MANEY.
He Will Answer This Time to the
Military Authorities.
Washington. May 2. — Lieutenant
James F. Msney of the Fifth Infantry,
who was. recently acquitted at Chicago of
the murder of Captain Hedberg, will be
tried for the offense again, this time by
military law. A court-martial has been
ordered for the purpose, assembling at
Fort Snelllng, May 26. The details are:
Colonel Mason, Third Infantry; Colonel
Bath, Second Infantry; Colonel Birne,
assistant surgeon-general; Lieutenant-
Colonel Hawkins, Twenty-cbird Infant?y;
Lieutenant-Colonel Bach, deputy snrgeon
re 1 1 *» r a 1 ; Lieutenant Kellogg, Fifth In
fantry: Lieutenant-Colonel Kent, Fifth
Infantry; Lieutenant-Colonel Randall,
Ninth Infantry: Major Hamilton, Fifth
Cavalry; Captain Sann, Seventh Infantry;
Captain Forse, Fifth Cavalry; Captain
Browne, Eighteenth Infantry ; Lieuteuant-
Colonel Barrask, as advocate.
ADVOCATED REVOLUTION.
How Rosebery Would Stop Obstruc-
tion in Parliament.
London, May 3.— Lord Rosebery spoke
at Manchester to-mghr, expressing the
opinion that the Liberal party would soon
carry the conviction of the English people
in favor of home rule. He was not san
guine that the various measures which hsd
already been presented would pass Parlia
ment at the present session. This was
because of the abuse of procedure In the
Bouse of Commons in the form of obstruc
tion. He believed the lime was not far
distant when the people would protest
against this abuse and demand a strict
account of all the transactions by Parlia
ment. He advocated revolution as a reme
dy for Parliamentary congestion.
Sailed for Home.
Gibraltar, May 2.— The United States
cruiser Lancaster tailed from here to-day
lor the Uaitea States.
SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1894.
FOR OTHER LANDS.
Squire's Opinion of the
Wilson Bill.
LAW AGAINST AMERICANS.
In the Interest of Foreign
Manufacturers.
WHAT THE PEOPLE NOW DEMAND
If There Was Ever a Time for
Changing Conditions That Time
Has Passed.
Washington, May 2.— While the re
port started early In the day indicated
that there might be some difficulty in
agreeing oo a tariff bill, the cocferencH
wnich was held by the Iraders on the
Democratic side of tbe Senate during the
afternoon seemed to have been in the in
terest of harmony, and the lack of confi
dence there was among those who hoped
to secure a compromise disappeared.
Among those engaged in tbe conferences
were Senators Jonps, Brice, Gorman ami
Cockrell, while Senator Hill wa>» present a
portion of the time. It is the position of
the New York senior Senator that has
caused tome trouble, and there are a num
ber of Senators who believe, even now,
that Hill will vot- for tbe bill with the in
come tax provision, and it is almost cer
tain the income tax will remain.
Tbe Senators who are engineering the
compromise are counting on forty-three
Democratic V"tes, and they believe they
will be able to control that number be
yond any doubt. This indicates that they
hope to pass the bill even with the opposi
tion of Mr. Hill, and it also indicates that
the bill has probably been made satisfac
tory in other respects to S»nators Mur
phy of Jjew York and Smith of New
Jersey.
Senator Brice Is more outspoken than
any of those who participated in the con
ference. He said to-day: "In an inter
view a few days ago I said the tariff bill
Dad bi'eu agreed upon and would pas*, and
I now reiterate that statement. I will say
nothing as to details, but a bill has been
agreed upon. The statement I made at
that time that the Democrats had agreed
and would pass the bill was a good help in
carrying tbe Third Ohio District by the
Democrats, and I now assert that what I
snid to them was true and the bill will
pass."
Senator Brice was asked if tbere whs
any doubt about any Dpmocratic Senators
not votiug for the bill. He replied he
could not*ay. Three publication* to-day
asserted that they knew positively of some
of the changes and that the bill would be
materially altered. __ ____________
The fact that when Senator Sqaire nn
isbed his speech to-day no effort was made
to press the consideration of the tariff bill
and that other matters were considered
and that an executive sessiou was held is
taken to mean that tbe compromise is
about completed and that it may be ready
to be reported in a short time. Late in
the afternoon it was stated that the vigor
ous pressing of the tariff bill could be
postponed until new amendments were
reported, as it was understood that better
arrangements can be made for the consid
eration of the bill when tbe amendments
are announced. It is then believed that
the Republicans will aeree to nn arrange
ment by which the consideration of the
bill may proceed without resorilng to
harsh methods, as the Republicans, it is
thought, will concede the passaee of tbe
bill if 43 votes nre guaranteed for it.
The assertion was made on good author
ity that by unanimous consent a day
would be fixed for a final vote upon the
bill. A leading Democratic Senator, while
net committing himself, to-day predicted
that the bill would be disposed of before
the Ist of June.
SQUIRE TALKED TARIFF,
And the Democrats Refused to
Charge the Red Flag.
Washington, May 2.— Senate proceed
ings were rather dull to-day, most of the
pfternoon being consumed by Senator
Squire of Washington, who made a care
fully prepared speech in general opposi
tion to the tariif bill. Before he began,
Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts undertook the
role of torment, r. lie threw out some ex
asperating challenges to the Democratic
side, but the Democrats refused to be
drawn into a controversy and, finding his
efforts unsuccessful, he turned the floor
over to Mr. Squire. Before the tariff bill
was taken up, Mr. Hoar tried to pass his
auti-lottery bill, but it met considerable
opposition from Senators Vest anil Gor
man on the ground that it was interfering
with raffles and drawings at church fairs,
and made participants guilty of felonies.
Ultimately the bill went over without ac
tion.
Squire began with a reference to a state
ment of Mills, In which the latter bad de
clared that "«ve must pats this bill." He
took Issue with the Texas Senator and
declared that If some measure of tariff
reform had been formulatpd and passed
immediately after thpndventof the present
administration it might have been said
that the Democratic party was complying
with the will of the voters, expressed in
the election of 1692. But such a measure
had not been prepared, and the feast to
which the people had been invited had
actually crown cold. The people had also
learned that there was poi*on in the food
offered. He declared that the facts which
the election n turns had pointed out ought
to convince any reasonable muu that the
attempt of the Democratic party to change
the system of revenue In respect to protec
tion to American industries was not what
the people wanted.
"Is that tho duty of this Congress?" he
asked, "to carry out a contract with the
people which has been annulled. Will the
Democratic Senators take advantage of
terms of party platform to favor the wishes
of extremists and doctrinaires?"
The present sy stem was now to be sup
plemented by two extremely cdious feat
ures; one 8D inquisitorial Income tax and
the other a tax on every breakfast table.
These burdens were prepared mnuiy that
taxes may be taken off foreign goods sent
here to compete with the products of
American forests, fields, mines and facto
ries. The system of national economy
ought cot to be the football of political
parties. Changes affecting the whole
people ought not to be violent and suddoti.
Business should be taken out of politics.
Extreme measures like this should be
suppressed and he hoped that eventually
a bill would be aereed on more reasonable
In its provision*. He reasoned from the
letter from a companion of Mr. Cleveland
thnt no radical changes, such as are i re
sented, would be proposed.
"Shou id this bill become ■ law," he said,
"the dny on which the President shall
affix his signature to it will b« the day of
doom for American wages. No man who
lakes the trouble to acquaint himself with
the facts enn be blind to the truth that the
country has prospered under the policy of
protection nnd that labor has as a general
thing been well paid and contented."
A considerable portion of Senator
Squire's speech was devoted to a criticism
of the income tax. The discussion of the
schedules he devoted mainly to those that
affected his own State, and said: "Free
lumber means the sacrifice of our lumber
industries to those of British Columbia;
free coal, even with the Senate amend
ment, means poverty for our miners; free
iron means the postponement of the devel
opment of the macnificent deposits within
our borders; free wool means the destruc
tion and abandonment of the sheep indus
try. The redu lion on hops from 15 cents
per pound to 2 per cent ad valorem leaves
hop-growers at the mercy of the foreign
producers."
In thp same line he spoke of prunes as a
growing industry of the Pacific Coast.
He then took up various Items Hnd dis
cussed them at length, and concluded by
saying that he belipved many of the
amendments that nad been made by the
Senate wero merely intended as traps to
oatch votes enough to secure its passage
by the Senate witn the idea of killing them
in conference.
Shortly after Senator Squire had con
cluded his speech the Senate adjourned.
COTTON-SEED OIL.
Mr. Runyon Wants to Have Ger
many Take Off the Duty.
Washington, May 2.— United States
Embussador Runynn at Berlin is making
an effort to nead off an increase in the tar
iff on cotton-seed oil. The Bundesrath
recommend that the tariff be increased
ftom 4to 10 marks per 100 Kilograms. As
nearly ail of the imported oil comes from
tbis country Mr. Runyon addressed him
self to the Foreign Office, and was in
formed that it was improbable that the
measures would be adopted by the Reich
stag before the adjournment of the session
now at hand.
HE GIVES NO ADVICE.
Olney Silent Upon Pacific
Railroad Matters.
While Counsel Tweed Tries to
Explain Why the Government
Interest Has Net Been Paid.
Washington, May 2.—Attornpy-Gen
eral Oluey to-ilay made a reply to a re
quest of trip House calling for inform ation
as to whether or not the stockholders of
the Central and Western Pacific railroad
companies, or tbe successors of them, or
the assignees nf such stockholders, are
liable in any manner to tbe Government
for reimbursement of the United States
for bonds issued by the au'hority of Con
gress in aid of the building of these roads.
The Attorney-General says he is. not in
possession of any tacts bearing on the
subject and continues: "If the resolution is
to be construed as calling for an official
opinion on thn legal liability of stock
holders I find myself without authority to
accede to the request. It has been uni
formly held by my predecessors from the
very beginning of the Government that the
Attorney-General is not permitted to give
legal advice at tbe call of ci her house of
Congress or of Congress itself."
Central Pacific Railroad matters to-day
occupied Ui." attention of the House Com
mittee on Pacific Railroads. Charles H.
Tweed of New York, counsel for the
Central Pacific, submitted figures showing
the debt of the company to the Govern
ment, which he said is in round numbers
from $62,500,000 to 865,000.000, of which
$28,000,000 is principal and the remainder
is unpaid interest. There are about 860
miles of tbe aided portion, of the road.
Besides this there are several non-aided
portions of the system in California not
subject to tbe Government lien and on all
of which there is acpecltic mortgage. The
whole system is undi-r lease by trie South
ern Pacific. Mr. Tweed was asked why It
was that the company bad not made any
provision to pay tbe annual interest,
amounting to $1,600,000, on the Govern
ment/flrbt. He replied that when tbe act
authorizing the construction of thn roads
was passed it was believed the cbarges
for transportation would be sufficient to
profide for tbe interest as it accrued. It
was also intended that 5 per cent of the
net earnings of the property should be
retained as a portion of the sinking fund.
None of tbese expectations had been ful
filled. The calculation* at to the Govern
ment's expenditures for transportation
charges had been made on tbe basis of
what they were bafore tbe road had been
bulk and when the transportation was by
oyerlaod routes.
liateis thus we nt on until 1878, when
the Thurroan act was passed, which Mr.
Tweed said was another step in the direc
tion of taking possession hy tbe Govern
ment. The Central Pacific had been under
lease by the Southern Pacific since 1885, at
first at an annual rental of 5i. 200,000 aud
then at 51.360.0C0 in excess of its fixed
charges. There had been a deficit in the
earning* between the rentals each year
from 1887, when it was over $1,000,000.
The last year in which s report had been
made the decrease was over J600.000. The
committee adjourned at the end of Mr.
Tweed's statement.
REID NOT ILL.
At Any Rate He Has No Serious
Lung Trouble.
Xenia, Ohio. May 2. — Report* that
Whitelaw Eeld's visit to California was
caused by serious lung trouble which
threatened bis life are not believed here,
as a letter Just received by friends at his
birthplace, Cedarville, announce that he
has been Letting along nicely, and expects
to start Knst with his family in & fen days.
Several Villages Destroyed.
Athens, May 2. — It is learned that dur
ing the earthquake shocks of Friday last
several villages on tbe island of Eubuea
were destroyed.
COKEY IN COURT.
He Quietly Submitted to
Arrest.
FOUND BAIL VERY EASILY.
Plenty of Lawyers to Undertake
His Defense.
KELLY DOES NOT LIKE BROWNE.
Nor Does Me Think That the Leader
Himself Is Much of a
General.
Washington, May 2.— Coxey took some
pains to-day to give out for publication a
copy of the speech he would have deliv
ered Lad it not teen for the interference
of the police. In bis speech he takes the
ground that the capttol is the property of
the people, and a fitting place to mourn
over their dead liberty was upon these
steps, where a carpet had been 6pread for
royalty and the lobbyists of trusts and
corporations had passed unchallenged on
their way to committee rooms. The peo
ple were there to remind Congress of its
Mrs. Nile C. Smith. Goddess of 'the
Chicago Industrial Army.
promises of returning prosperity when tbe
Sherman act would be repenled and to pe
tition for legislation that would Rive em
ployment to every man willing to work and
bring universal prosperity. He protested
that it was an act of usurpation and
tyranny in denying the right of petition
and assembly.
There was a crowd of curious people
surrounding the District Court In expecta
tion of the trial of Browne and Jones.
Only persons who couid give gome good
reason for their presence were admitted to
the courtroom. Among the earliest ar
rivals were C<>xey, Browne and Jones.
They were soon joined by four Populist
members of Congress, Lafe Pence. William
Baker, Haider E. Boen and W. H. Kemp,
and Adjutant-General Tarsney of Colo
rado, who offered their services as counsel.
Marshal Carl Browne was attired in his
spectacular buckskin suit and the party
engaged in consultation until Judge Miller
ascended to the bench, when Browne aud
Jones walked behind tbe railing into tbe
prisoners' inclo»ure, accompanied by
Coxey.
Several minor cases were first disposed
of, and during these proceedings the group
of sympathizers was augmented by the ar
rival of Chairman Taubeneck and Secre
tary Turner of the Central Committee of
tbe People's party, and Dr. T. A. Blacd,
the Washington third party man.
Attorney-General Maloney, a smooth
faced, blonde-haired young man. appeared
as prosecutor of tbe Cnxeyites and said:
"1 have been informed that a man named
Jacob S. Coxey is now in court, and after
an investigation last night, I have thought
myself warranted in filing au lnlormation
against him. I have made out a warrant,
but if he is witling to submit I do not care
to have it served upon him."
This was a surprise, but Coxey spoke
up, "I'm here ana ready."
Then he stepped forward to the bar ana
Attorney feamuel Hyman said: "First we
ask whether all of the informations have
been filed that tbe Government intends to
maKe out?"
"That is not tbe question." replied the
Judge.
Thro the Information charging Jacob S.
Coxey with unlawfully displaying a ban
ner or device was read, and be replied:
"Not guilty."
The accused elected to be tried by jury
and the bearing of tbe case was set for
Friday morning. When the question of
bail came up one of the lawyers for the
accused said: "It Is a moral certainty
that these gentlemen will remain bere
ten years for trial."
"We want legal certainty," replied
Judga Miller, and be fixed tbe amount of
bond in each case at $500. Marillo Kicker,
a feminine attorney of this city, came for
ward to offer bail for General Ci xey, but
Assistant District Attorney Maloney re
minded her of a provision of law which
forbids attorneys from signing bail bonds.
Subsequently Frank Hume, a wholesale
grocer ta sisned tbe bond for Coxey and
Jones.
Soon after bis release Coxey was seen in
his room at the National Hotel, wit!) Mrs.
Coxey and Legal Tender. Samuel Gom
"Awarded Highest Honors-
World's Fair."
• * CREAM
MOST PERFECT MADE.
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. * Free
ftocn Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant,
40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
pers, the president of the American Federa
tion of Labor, was at the hotel and had a
talk with Mr. Coxey, which talk the latter
did not care to reveal.
"The Federation of Labor indorsed our
bills some months ago," he said.
In discussing his arrest the chief of the
Commonweal said: "I am certain I have
not been guilty of law-breaking. I saw
Vice-President Stevenson at 9 o'clock
a. m., and he told me he would consult
Speaker Crisp about laying aside the
regulation forbidding speech-making on
the Capitol grounds. The law is uncon
stitutional and 1 want to teat it. I left my
army and walked peacefully to the Capitol
steps, bearing no banner or device which
the law forbids. I demanded of the police
the exercise of my rights. When they re
fused me, I asked to read a protest. They
refused that and I made no attempt to
speak or read, merely askine them to ac
cept the protest, wLich they refused. I
aimed and made my way from the
grounds. If there was lawlessness in my
action I fail to see it. I did not know
whether the Vice-Presldent had concluded
to let me speak and I wished to test the law.
Marshal Browne walked over the grass,
contrary to law, but he did it because the
mounted police were trying to ride him
down."
Mr. Coxey persists in his determination
to remain in Washington. "When Con
gress sees all of the unemployed men of
the country here it cannot refuse to legis
late for them," he said.
Several members of Coxey's army walked
through the White House grounds to-day.
Two of them expressed a desire to enter
the building, but they were induced to
abandon their plan by a couple of detec
tives in citizen's dress. There was no dis
turbance of any kind, aud the President
held his usual afternoon reception without
incident.
Representative Bell, Populist from Colo
rado, to-day introduced a juint resolution
to provide for the appointment of a joint
Congressional committee to devise means
for the employment of the idle men of the
country, restrict immigration, start up
mine*, increase the curreucy and prohibit
the issue of interest-bearing bonds wi.hout
the authority of Congress and for other
purposes.
Health Officer Hamil has made a report
to the District Commissioners condemning
the lot on which Coxey's army is en
camped as a place likrly to breed disease.
He recommends that the army bo re
moved to a place provided with shelter,
and recommends the Ivy City race grounds
as a suitable place.
Affairs at the camp of the Army of the
Commonweal were in a quiet slate to-day.
There were no disorders or demonstrations
of any kind requiring the presence of the
large force of regular and special police
men stationed at and in the vicinity of the
camp. The Common wealers have appar
ently settled themselves down to a tem
porary period of comparative inactivity.
Some attempt is being made to improve
the appearance of the camp, and many
members of the army were engaged in
Diling up bricks aud otherwise putting
things iv shape. For the purpose of
shielding the men from the sun h.iU the
dew, rude canvas coverings have been
stretched from the frnce inward. They
will prove very inadequate, however, to
keep out rain. General Coxey was a vis
itor during the day, but left shortly after
noon, aud Oklahoma 6am was given
charge.
Marshal Browne was an early visitor
and look breakfast with his associates in
tbe army. He remained but a brief time,
and departed early to attend his trial in
tbe police court.
Quite a large crowd gathered at the
cam ping ground ol the Commonweal this
evening to listen to Coxey on tbe question
of finance. He intends to continue speak
ing every evening until his bills have
passed. The camp had been thoroughly
cleaned during the day and a large portion
of tbe lot covered with clean straw.
KELLY CANNOT MOVE.
But He Has Decided Opinions of the
Army Leaders.
Dcs Moines, May 2.— Kelly's Industrial
men played ball to-day with tbe Dcs
Moines Stars, Kelly at the fust base. He
is a fair player. The gate receipts will be
turned over to the Industrials. Kelly said
to-day that Curl Browne was an ass and
Coxey showed no generalship.
The Great Western's offer to carry the
men to Vanwen of £- a head was with
drawn to-day. Tbe labor organizations
construe this withdrawal a3 another evi
dence that the railroads have combined
against Kelly. General Master Workman
Sovereign of the Knights of Laborsaid to
day he had highly important information,
but refused to reveal its nature. It was
rumored that President Debs of the
American Railway Union would be inDes
Mnines toon.
Tbe outlook for Kelly's army was de
cidedly unpromising to-night and tbe
Industrials are in anything but good
humor. All hope of securing a train was
practically abandoned by the local com
mittees, their petitions having been re
fused for stockcars and cut rates. Offers
from $40 to $80 a car were made to thn
various roads and were firmly refused. In
addition to the prospect te a march to
Chicago the army Is threatened with a
empty larder. Tbe efforts of tbe citizens'
committee met with small reward and the
opinion was generally expressed to-night
that tbe city would not furnish sufficient
provisions for another day. The indica
tions were that Kelly will have to walk out
Friday or starve, and much uneasiness
was felt over the probability of the army
breaking up in Dcs Moines. Kelly
reasserted that he would never
walk out and his men were
equally determined. Many of them left
camD and are begging for food to-night.
President Pease of the Local American
Railway Union wired President Debs to
day, asking him if Grand Master Workman
Sovereign was authorized, as bad been
intimated, to call out the railway em
ployes to secure ft train for the army.
Pease announced to-night that Debs re
plied that such reports were false. The
trades and laoor assemblies held a meeting
to-night, and at a late hour decided on
action similar to that taken In Omaha on
behalf of Kelly's men.
A call was issued to all laboring men to
meet in front of the citizens' headquarters
and march to the State House at 9 o'clock
to-morrow morning and demand that Gov
ernor Jackson take such action as will
secure a train for the Industrials. This
decision was made after lengthy speeches
by General Weaver, Colonel Speed and
others, and was adopted as a last resort.
Governor Jackson was informed of the
action of the labor organization about
midnight, and was surprised at tbe pro
posed demonstration. "If the people go
out to the Capitol," be said, "I will receive
J SHIPS THAT PASS IN THE NIGHT.
John Halifax, Whittier,
Robt. Ellsmere^if^^^ Longfellow,
Lorna Doone. W&gittxjy Bryant.
IN DARKEST \^i,#i&r 250 other choice
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SEE BOOK LIST, PAGE 10.
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them cordially and listen attentively to
what they have to say. I have not had
time to consider the matter, but I do not
see what I can do. There is no action for
me to take that 1 know of, and I shall
tell them so."
"Does this to our mind indicate a repeti
tion of the Omaha demonstration?" the
Governor was asked.
"Well, be replied, hesitatingly, "it is too
early to tell. I do not know that there
will be such trouble, but there may."
Omaha, May 2.— The Industrial armies
are becoming quite a factor in Nebraska
i ffairs again. At present there aru a num
ber of organized bodies of Commonweaiers
in the State marching toward Washing
ton. Five hundred people attended a
mass-meeting to-night to complete the
organization of the Omaha contingent
One hundred and fifty men were ready to
march from the city and the number is
expected to approach 800 before Saturday
night. The meeting to-n'ght was orderly,
though several of the speakers were rather
inclined to be demonstrative. The Lin
coln Army, sixty-nine strong, left the
State capital overland last night aud will
be in Omaha to-morrow. Another army
is at Ogalalla, Npbr., en route to Omaha.
All the Nebraska Common wealers willco
to Dcs Moines and march East with
Kelly's command. The members of the
army are not recriving as much attention
in Omaha as was bestowed on Kelly, as tlie
people thiok they did their share in the
helping of the California contingent out
of the community. The Liucoln army
used a Burlington detective rather roughly.
He was found concealed in the hay by ihs
army and was supposed to be trying toflis
cover the army's plans, 83 the company
was alleged to be afraid the men intended
to capture a train. He was gently kicked
out of camp.
Cincinnati, May 2.— Labor union
leaders are trying to gpt rates for box
cars to carry 3000 to 7000 unemployed to
Washington May 25. While they propose to
co-operate with Coxey, they will go there
to urge the passage of the Davis bill to
make good the fifty millions lost on
national currency since the war, and for a
large appropriation for irriga'ing West
ern arid land, enlisting men lor one year
to build the necessary canals and turning
the lands so improved over to these men.
St. Louis, May 2.— General Morrison's
250 Coxeyites started for Washington to
day, bridge officials refused to allow
them to cross without payment of fare.
The army camped on the spot, while
couriers skirmished for funds.
Chicago, May 2.— Randall's army, 500
3trong, marched to-day to Hammond, Ind.
Mrs. Randall joined her husband and was
introduced. She will act as advance
agent.
Enid, O. T.. May 2.— A Coxey brigade
with about 300 recruits has been organized
here. The enlisting officer is N. H. Ward,
editor of the Populist Coming Events. The
brignde will try to reach Washington.
Salt Lake, May 2.— "General" Carter
and his men are still camped at Murray,
with the question of railroad transporta
tion still unsolved. The men are becom
ing restless, and disagreements threaten to
materially reduce the ranks, it is now
proposed to march to Sandy, five miles
further south, to-morrow afternoon. One
Swfntbuip, heretofore acting as lieutenant
general, was deDos«>d and ordered to leave
•he camp to-day. About 100 men followed
him, lifter several altercations bad taken
place on the outskirts of the camp. Mr.
Callahan, acting as colonel, was also ex
pelled for alleged ungentlemanly language
reflecting upon the commanding general.
Sacramento, May 2.— Aoout twenty
mou deserted Colonel lnman's camp at
Sutler Fort to-night because what money
was in the treasury would not be divided
pro rata among the men. luman now has
about 150 men out of 350. Some have gone
to Barker's camp and others have struck
out.
To-night two men nndertook to garrote
Major S. J. Loop of the Surveyor- General's
office on a back street. The major is a
small man and a Mexican war veteran,
but be played such a lively tattoo on the
face of one of the garroters that botb took
to their heels. The major caught one and
with the aid of citizens t»ok him to a
police station with a badly battered face.
The other came in an hour later to see bis
friend, thinking no one would suspect him,
but Chief Drew locked him up. He ad
mitted that they came here with the
Stockton army, but bad deserted. One is
named William Howard and the other
Tripp and both claim to be members of
the Coast Firemen's Union.
Tacoma, Wash., May 2.— Citizens of
Puyallup held a meeting this afternoon in
the opera-housa in that city to devise
means nf getting ril of the Industrial
Army. The Industrials wen» not allowed
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