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The morning call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, July 11, 1894, Image 2

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tbe railroad company and its striking employes,
It seems, has so far extended itself into the
other departnieuts ol business, trade
and cimmeice, that the controversy
has now shaped lt*elt into a fierce combat be
tween labor and canital In eeneial. For some
reason, and by some means unknown to others
than those iv powei at Wuslilugtoo, the aim of
the Government has been brought to the aid
of capital, aud the President of the
United States, under the pretense of enforcing
the laws of commerce and the carriage
of the mail, has made hts proclamation
requiring all of tbe assembled i rotestants
ag inst the agsi'essions of aggregated capital
to disperse nd go to their respective Domes.
Tue administration at Washington has t-eeu
proper to ;ake up the side of the capitalist* aud
to threaten u» pn ciinate tlie people of UM
United sta'es In'o a conflict cf bloody warfare,
In older that i he maudales of corporations may
be obeyed and Uut this sliike tor liberty ou
the part of ibe people may be suppressed.
Mr. Hart then severely criticizes Presi
dent Cleveland for calling out the troops.
Continuing, he say 3:
Our Institutions, justly revered by our peo
ple, have been too dearly bought, and the blood
of Ameiiiau citizens is 100 sacred to ju-tlfy the
President of Hie United States la precipitating .
■ devastating war upon our Governm •nt and
among our people, t-xceiit upon the most urgent
necessity and for a most serious rebellion
against the authority of Hie Government, and '
It must be a matter of serious regret aiuoui:
loose who liold our liberties in the highest
esteem tliat any circumstance, that doe* Dot
•peremptorily demaud tue exeieise of tbe mill
tary ami should evr becomo sufficient in the
nviud of tho I're-ident to give himself justifi
cation for calling into exercise this extra
ordinary power.
The fearful consequences, both to the Indi
vidual and to (he Government, which might
follow armed resistance to the army which has
been called forth by the President are too great
and overwhelming to jusilly auy mdiv dual or
class of individuals in hazarding such an un
dfrtaking. While it is true that a uia
joilty of the people believe that
the act of the President In call
ing forth the army in ttie present eruer
geucy is utterly inexcusable, yet it cannot be
doubled that a resort to arms by the citizens for
the purpose of defeating this mandate of the
President would not only bo a serious
chine sgainst the commonwealth, but It
would set un example which, if made use
of In the future on similar and
perhaps less justifiable occasions, might
endanger the perpetuity of our present
form of government. It cannot be denied that
armed resistance to the lawful authority of the
United States would be treason against the
Government, which would not receive the sup
port of the large majority of citizens who now
sympathize with your cause.
I advise you, therefore, not to permit your
selves in tßese times of danger to allow your
ardor and devotion to your cause to entangle
you in a conflict with the armies of the Federal
Government, for such a course would be
fraught with serious consequences, and might
result In bringing more or less odium upon the
cause of the laboring people.
I none that the excitement of the tour may
not Induce any of the men who are now banded
together in labor organizations It; this city to
commit any act which may, under any circum
stances, be denounced as criminal.
Harry Knox, chairman of the committee
on mediation, said late to-night that tbe
strikers would abide by the opinion of
their attorney and make no resistance to
the troops.
Dickinson Anxious to Retrieve the
Honor of the Militia.
Sacramento, July 10.—Brigadier-Gen
eral Dickinson has placed himself on rec
ord with regard to tbe action of himself
and command. lie to-day addressed a
letter to his superior officer, Brigadier-
General Sheeban, Adjutant-General Allen
and United States Marshal Baldwin, say
ing that if given permission to assume the
responsibility he would take possession of
the depot and yards of toe Southern Pacific
Company with the First and Third regi
Judge Armstrong, one of the best known
lawyers in this part of the State, has
written an open letter to the strikers,
warning them against deleating the exe
cution of the law, and advising them to re
turn to their homes. In conclusion he
writes: "Your leaders are either ignor
ant, and if so unfit to lead, or they have
willfully misled you. In either event,
abandon them and return to your
allegiance to tbe Government of the United
States. When by your mistake you find
yourself out of work and your wives and
children hungry for bread, remember that
1 warned you. Your leaders are leading
you to the brink of ruin and banging mill
stones about your necks, to plunge you
into ruin, and so you are falling into a
great abyss, and when you hear your
wives and children crying, 'We are starv
ing, starving,' and as your hearts break,
remember I warned you."
Assistant United States District Attor
ney Knight said to an Associated Press re
porter this afternoon that President Cleve
land's proclamation was issued under sec
tion 5300 of the revised Statutes of the
United States, preliminary to his use of
the military forces of the United States
in the district covered by his proclama
tion. That section provides that
whenever, in the judgment of the
President of the United States it be
comes necessary to use military force*,
the President shall forthwith by procla
mation command the insurrectionists
to disperse by n certain hour. Whenever
the executive of a State or the Legisla
ture of a St?te, when in session, certifies
to him that the State forces are power-
Jess, he can call out tbe regular troops or
tbe militia whenever, in his judgment,
the State forces are incapable of putting
down the Insurrection against the laws of
State or of the United States.
*'They will be in a state of rebellion
or Insurrection against: the Government.
These strikers have got their foot in it
and have committed naif a dozen indict
able crimes against the United States,
such as interference with the mails, vio
lating tbe interstate commerce law and
other indictable offenses." .
"This is Insurrection," resumed Knight,
"and any one aiding or abetting it, or giv
ing it encouragement, or assisting insur
gents in any way. is deemed an insurgent
find liable, upon conviction in a United
States conrf, to be imprisoned for ten years
and fined £10,000. or both such fice and
imprisonment. Any person who con
spires with another for the purpose of op
posing the laws or authority of the United
States by force is liable to imprisonment
for six years and a fine of SSCOO or both."
. "After 4 o'clock this afternoon the strik
ers who violate the President's proclama
tion, or who tear up rails or burn bridges,
etc., will occupy a very different position.
Knight is of the opinion that the strikers
will fall back when the troops are ordered
to disperse them.
Men Invade Lathrop and Capture a
Pullman Car.
Lathrop, July 10.— To-night a body of
fifteen men invaded this town about 8
o'clock and in a systematic manner pro
ceeded to take charge of the telephone ana
telegraph office. Proceeding to the round
house they fired up a switch engine,
coupled it onto the Pullman car San
Lorenzo and started for Sacramento a*.
10:20, expecting to reach tbere at 11:40.
Stockton, July 10. — The strikers to
night stole an engine and Pullman car at
Lathrop and ran through here about 11
o'clock on the way to Sacramento. They
picked up here on tbe outskirts of the
town a company of men who were gath
ered here to-day to go to the seat of war
and fight. The men were stationed just
outside of town, and the train rushed
past the long ming of officers at the depot
and did not stop until the crowd was met.
They got aboard and went on flying. It is
suspected that the railroad authorities
made no objection to running the irregu
lars up to the capital city, where they will
meet the regulars. The officers here could
have sidetracked the train and put a stop
t)the flight if they bad been advised in
time, but they knew nothing of tbe run
of the wild train till it dashed through the
town. It is believed that the crowd num
bered about 100 men. They are not armed
and are not able to buy arms, the officers
say. The job was planned by strikers
from Sacramento, who came over on Sun
All Train Crews Being Run Out of
Vallejo, July 10. — Shortly after 12
o'clock to-day yard engine 1, otherwise
known as the Yolo, was run off the. track
about 150 feet south of the North Vallejo
depot and the water run out of her boilers.
No damage was done to the engine. The
switch from the main track leading into
the Terra Cotta Works yard was thrown
over and spiked down. It ha* been the
custom lor years of Engineer O'Keefe in
charge of the switch engine just before
noon to run the engine from Souih Vallejo
up to the North Vallejo depot and run her
on a side track while be went to dinner.
This was done to-day. While the engineer
was eating the snitch engine commenced
to move, and did not stop uutil she reached
tbe end of the switch, which had by some
means been left open. The driving-wheel
run off the track, leaving the engine half
way across the main line, her wheels rest
ing in ttie center of the ties between the
track and in tbe sand on tbe outside. Tbe
water was then run out of her boilers', the
fires drawn and the engine killed on the
At South Vallejo there were several en
gines used for hauling the S-*nta Rosa, Cal
istoga, Suisun and freight trains, five in
all. The water was run out of each en
gine and all are practically dead. Station
Agent Itohrer telegraphed tbe situation to
Sheriff Henderson, who was at F.-.irlield in
attendance on the Grand Jury, ana City
Marshal Savage received a telegram re
questing him to protect property.
Late tbis afternoon it was decided by
the strikers to allow the Calistoga, Santa
Rosa and Suisun trains to make their reg
ular trip up the road on the arrival of the
steamer Amador this evening, so that the
crews on tbe trains would be left at their
houses at Calistoga and Sttita Rosa re
spectively. Water was then ruu into the
engine*, and one of them sent up from
South Vall*jo to the North Vallejo depot,
wbere the twitch engine was lying de
railed. The spikes were removed from
the switch leading to the terra cotta plant
to allow the engine to pass up tbe main
track to where tbe Yolo was lying. She
was backed up and got on the track and
hauled down to South Vallejo. The engi
neers and firemen, it is said, were warned
not to bring trains to South Vallejo in the
morning or their engines would be killed.
The passengers on tbe Amador were grati
fied to learn that they could be conveyed
home. The steamer will lie at the navy
yard to-night to guard against possible ac
A meeting of all who are in favor of the
strikers was held to-night, and was attend
ed by an enthusiastic gathering. Extra
guards are posted at the navy-yard. The
naval authorities are in constant communi
cation with the military authorities at San
Only Two Members Who Will Not
Obey Orders.
Fr.ESNO. July 10.— Wednesday evening
is set aside for the battalion drill. The
County Democratic convention wished to
use tbe armory to-morrow night, so the
drill nieht was changed and corporals
were merely notified to have their squads
report at 8:30 p. m. Tuesday night in
fatigue uniform.
Rumors were rife on the streets that tbe
men were to leave for Sacramento before
daylight. Both companies turned out well,
and were complimented on their appear
ance and attention to order and drill.
All the companies in the Sixth Regi
ment are awaiting marching orders. The
armory still has a heavy guard day and
After the battalion drill to-night the
members of Companies C aud F were asked
by their captains how many men were
ready to obey orders. Every man in Com
pany C stepped thrc paces to the front
promptly, aud all but two of Company F
responded in like maßner. Tbe two who
declined were First Sergtaot Bailey and
Private Spencer.
Wales' Cutter Again Defeats the
Yacht Vigilant.
London, July 10— The Vigilant, Britan
nia and Satanita were enteied for the gold
cup at Hunter's Quay. The Britannia
won. Tbere was very light air blowing
across tbe bay when the vessels started
over the fifty-mile course. With a time
allowance of three minuies tbe Britannia
defeated the Vigilant by 8 mln. 52 sec.
Tbe Vigihut glided over tbe line at
start three minutes behind the Britannia.
As the boats ainroached tbe Cloch shore
the breeze bad freshened, with promise of
holding all over tbe firth. Panning the
Clocb lighthouse they stayed to starboard
almost together. The Vigiiant's sails were
far from being in good order. Tbe mainsail
especially was setting awry.
On the short tacking np to Weymess
Castle tbe Vigilant was under the Britan
nia's lee beam. At the Skelmoriie mark
boat the Britannia was 2 ruin. 43 sec.
ahead of the Vigilant, tbe widest gap
shown in any of tbe races Bailed by the
two yachts. Passing Inn«>lan the Vigilant
was to the windward, ar.d there was not a
length between them. Tbe Vigilant went
ahead off Lunderstou Bay, the Britannia
crossing under her starn. At the Kilcreg
gan markboat on the first round, the Brit
annia again bad tbe lead by 27 seconds,
and she passed markboat 1 at the end of
the first round 86 seconds ahead of tbe
Fiji Islanders Battle With the Brit
ish Troops.
Auckland. N Z.. July 10.— Sevnral hill
iribes of Vaneleu Island of the Fiji group
refused to pay communal duties, and
armed with clubs attacked the naive Dj
lire who tried lo enforce their collection.
Sir John B. Tbursbykm, British Governor
cf Fiji, took steps to quell the uprising
and aitfr a severe encounter was success
ful. Seven rebels were killed and a large
number wounded. Some of the troops
were also wounded.
Steamer Havel Goes Aground.
Bremen, July 10.— The North German
Lloyds steamer Havel, from Bremen for
New York, went at' round in the River
Weser, near Brenierhafen. 1 The Havel
was floated later in the day without hav
ing sustained any damage.
Knights of Labor Are
Called Out.
By the Result of the
This Makes the Situation Far
More Serious,
To-Day the Order Goes Into Effect,
and It Will Be Generally

Chicago, July 10.— Knights of Labor
throughout tbe country, numbering nearly
1,000,000 men, have been called upon to
strike for the cause of organized labor.
General Master Workman Sovereign issued
an order late this evening to all members
of the organization to cease work until
the conflict originated in the strike of the
Pullman employes shall have been set
tled. Following is tbe text of the order:
Chicago. July 10.
To the Knights of Labor of America—
Greeting: A crisis ha 9 been reached in
the affairs of this nation that endangers
the peace of tbe republic. Every fiber in
our civil structure is strained to the break
ing point. The shadows of factional
hatred hover over our fair land with terri
ble forebodings. The arrogant lash of
superiority is being applied by tbe cor
porations with relentless fury, and the
chasm between tbe masses and the classes
is growing deeper and wider with each
succeeding day. If pence is restored and
tbis nation saved from acts repulsive to
the conscience of all Christian people
there must be wise action, and that quickly.
Sincerely believing tbat the flames of
discord are being purposely fanned by tbe
railway corporations at tbe risk of the life
of the Government, 1 take the liberty to
appeal to you and through you to the con
science of tbe whole people, imploring you
to lay down tbe implements of toil for a
short seasoD, and under the banner of
peace and with a patriotic desire to pro
mote the public welfare use the power of
your aggregate numbers through ppace
able assemblages to create a healthy
public sentimeut in favor of an amic
able settlement of the issues growing
out of the recent strike of tbe Pullman
employes, and you are further requested
not to retnrn to your usual avocations
until a settlement of tbe pending trouble
is made known to you through some au
thentic source.
In tbe present strained relations between
corporations and tbe companies is involved
a principle near and dear to all American
citizens, the right of labor to present its
grievances to the owners and representa
tives of corporate capital.
Tbe Pullman Palace-car Company re
fused to arbitrate tbe differences between
itself and its employes on tbe ground that
the cars were built below cost, and there
fore there was nothing to arbitrate. Tbe
conclusion of every unprejudiced mind
must be tbat if sucb were the true facts it
could have nothing to fear at the bands
of an arbitration committee. But the
Pullman Company goes further in its auto
cratic policy than a refusal to arbitrate.
It has refused to join with the business
men and the Board of Aldermen of Chi
cago in a committee to discuss the ques
tion as to whether tbere is anything to
arbitrate or not, and behind. this autocratic
policy stands tbe Managers' Association of
tbe railway corporations backed by the
United States army as aiders and abettors
of this social crime.
Suppose tbe Pullman Company had in
vited organized labor to arbitrate and or
ganized labor bad declined the invitation
and refused to discuss tbe question as to
whether tbere w»s anything to arbitrate
or not, it is needless to say that a wave of
popular Indignation wonld obliterate all
unions from tbe face of tbis continent and
no more could be formed for the next fifty
years. The stigma of such a position
would follow every name connected with
organized labor to the grave.
But in the present crisis the corporations
whole wealth has been created by labor
take the position that they are prior and
choke their creator. Like the brigands of
old, they rob the laboriug masses and era
ploy the sword and tbe bludgeon to set up
a throne on the bones of the vanquished,
and declare their divine right to rule over
the balaace of mankind.
Tbe Pullman Company claims, notwith
standing tbe wngesof their employes were
reduced to the starving point, that there
is nothing to arbitrate because their cars
have been built at a loss, yet it neglects to
state tbat tbe stock of ibe company has
been watered three times over aud that tbe
company has not only been able to pay its
regular dividends on water and all, but
that its stocks have long been and are at
the present time at a premium on the
stock market.
It the present strike Is lost to labor it
will retard the progress of civilization and
reduce the possibility of labor to eyer
emancipate itself from the tbralldom of
creed. The aignity of labor and all the
victories won in the pabt are at stak e and
in the conflict. I beseech you to be true to
your obligations in this hour of trial.
Court the co-operation 6f tie generous
public. Stand firm and united in our com
mon cause and the victory will be one of
peace and prosperity for the faithful.
J. R. Sovereign,
Grand Mastar Workman.
All Knights of Labor assemblies in
Chicago were notified by the district
master workman to take action on the plan
adopted at the recent labor conference, all
members being adjured to maintain peace
and order.
Getting Ready to Follow the Advice
of Sovereign.
Chicago, July 10.— Thomas I. Kidd and
several oti.er members of the labor unions'
arbitration committee had a conference to
day with Vice-President Howard and
Dnector flogan of tbe A. R. CJ. They
said the strike of labor unions was a cer
President Debs said to-day: "This
trouble has gone beyond the control of the
railway union. It certainly lonks as if a
gigantic -ti ike were sure to come, and so
far as the railway union is concerned
things are brighter than ever. There if
now no violence; tbat is what we bad
most to fear."
At a joint meeting to-day of the Broth
erhood of Railway Train Lodge No. 280
aud the Order of Railway Conductors,
Division N«>. 298, employed on the Chi
cago division of the Illinois Central Rail
road turned the laws of their order to the
wall and resolved to join the strike.
Lodge No. 14, Switchmen's Asodation,
located at Grand Crossiug, surrendered its
charier to-day and its members joined the
A. R. U.
The National Association of Marine
Engineers will not go on a 6trike to assist
other labor organizations. E. IJ. Kenny,
chairman of the local grievance commit
tee and of the headquarters committee of
the National Association of Marine Engi
neer?, was seen in regard to the matter
and said: "The Association of Mariue
Engineers is not a striking body. It is a
benevolent and educational organization.
We have grievances, but they are always
settled by a committee.
Thomas F. Dowd, secretary of the asso
ciation, heartily indorsed all of Mr. Ken
ny's statements.
Columbus. Juiy 10. — John Mcßride,
president of the United Mine-workers of
America, received tc-day a telegram from
Samuel Gompers, saying: "A crisis in
the industrial situation of the country is
at hand and it behooves us to endeavor to
bring order out of what threatens to be
come chaos.
"The executive committee of tbe Ameri
can Federation of Labor will meet at tbe
Briegs House, Chicago, at 10 o'clock
Thursday. You are cordially requested
to meet us there."
Omaiia, July 10.— District Master Work
man Cohen of the X of L. will to-morrow
call out all members of his oiganization in
Omaha, South Omaha and Lincoln in ac
cordance with orders from Grand Master
Workman Sovereign. It is believed that
tbe Union Pacific men will refuse to obey
the order, although Cohan expresses con
fidence that from 5000 to 6000 men will
walk out in the three cities.
The Federal Board of Union Pacific
employes held a conference with General
Manager Dickinson to-day in regard to
reinstating the striking A. R. U. men.
Dickinson expressed a willingness to take
all back who had been peaceable and had
not attempted to obstruct the traffic of the
road. Notifications were sent to agents by
General Traffic Monde to accept freight
for all points.
Kankakee, 111., July 10.— The local A.
R. U. is in a state of turmoil. Most of tbe
men who struck on tbe Big Four Railroad
Saturday night resumed work, whereupon
the men on the Indiana, Illinois and lowa
Railroad received orders from President
Debs to go out last night. That road is
doing an enormous business, handling
from seventeen to twenty extra trains
each day.
The men rpceived extra pay, conse
quently when the order came to go out
every man said he would leave the union
before he would leave hia work. Tbe Illi
no>B Central men are very wrathy.
Alton, 111.. July 10.— A message has
been received by the A. It. U. from Presi
dent Deb?, ordering a strike on the Bluff
line through sympathy for the Pullman
men. The local union wired back that
they bad no grievance and were opposed
to a strike when their action would neither
assist or benefit Pullman employes.
They Cause Great Consternation in
Constantinople, July 10.— Two vio
lent earthquakes were felt here nt 12:20
P. M. to-day. Each shock lasted about
twenty seconds. Some damage was done.
The inhabitants are fleeing In anticipa
tion of more serious disturbances.
Severnl people are reported killed. All
the public office?, banks aid the Bourse
have been closed.
Two disastrous fires have occurred.
Loxnox, July 11.— The correspondent
of the Standard at Constantinople says:
At the moment of tbe first earthquake I
was in the diniog-room of the Ottoman
Bank. Suddenly the whole structure
rocked to and fro violently.
When I reached the street a most extra
ordinary spectacle presented itself. Peo
ple with terror depicted on their faces
were running In all directions. The bunks
and other principal institutions in the
suburb of Galata were abandoned by tb«s
employe* after the first shock.
In Galata a building fell, burying the
inmates. The streets were strewn with
telegraph poles and wire-. As lam writ
ing this dispatch news reaches me of much
damage to property and loss of life in
Stamboul, the bazaar* having suffered in
particular, but time has not been allowed
me to verify the statements.
As I was going down the back staircase
I noticed tbat Stamboul appeared to be
covered with a mist or dint. In all of the
shocks, the last two being the most vio
lent, which were felt this morning, each
was accompanied with a rumbling, which
I first took for the crash of falling build
idks. Several houses fell in Stamboul.
In GalaU the shock was so severe tbat
the quays were ruined. Many persons
were killed and injured. Most of the
buildings in ihe villages bordering ori the
Bosphorus suffered grsat damage. It is
believed fifty persons lost their lives aud
that the injured far exceeds that figure.
The loss to property will be very large.
The Daily News' correspondent says:
Yesterday's earthquakes were the severest
tbat have been felt here within living
memory. Thousands of windows were
broken and dozens of walls were cracked.
There is scarcely a street in Stamboul
which does not contain debris.
Cholera on the Increase.
St. Petersburg, July 10.— The number
of new cases of cholera reported yesterday
was sixty-six, seventeen proving fatal.
Ask jour itrocer 'or Uod. Whit* »iui Blue Table
Ci»ret ;qU.,sl doz.: 10c each Deposit for empties.
Quick Work of the
Eastern Roads in Good
What the National Troops Have
But They Have Not Yet Exhausted
Their Means for .Offensive
Chicago, July 10.— Slowly but steadily,
calmly and certainly as befits the supreme
power of a great nation, throughout all
tbat wide stretch of its domain where
evil-disposed persons are taking advantage
of au exceptional industrial condition to
incite violence and bloodshed, the Federal
Government is moving to the accomplish
ment of that for which its powers were
delegated to it by the people— the preser
vation of order and the safely of life and
property. At Chicago, in consultation
with the State and the municipality, it has
already brought peace out of a condit on
of war which prevailed last week. At vari
ous points where the unruly are creating
havoc it has let loose tbe dogs of war in
token of its intention to have peace, even
if it has to fight for it. la this city. the
military arm having accomplished its pur
pose., the judicial arm has taken up the
orderly course of its duties, which include
the fixing upon tbe guilty parties tbe meas
ure of their crime and the fitting punish
ment thereto.
The first step in this procedure was the
assembling of the Federal Grand Jury
and the delivery of a cbaree to it by Judge
Grosscup, as set forth in extenso else
where in these dispatches. That it is the
intention of the national authorities not to
be turned aside from an exhaustive in
quiry into the questions which it has un
dertaken to pass upon by mere technicali
ties was evinced at the outset by the
brusqueness by which it swept aside the
plea of privacy and privilege which thn
Western Union Telegraph Company, with
due regard for the privacy of the mes
sages of its clients, was forced to put in
when the jury called for the messages of
President Deb 3 to the members of his or
der which had been transmitted over its
lines. The court held that public safety
was paramount to private right and so or
dered that tbe dispatches be produced.
Tbat it is tbe intention ot tbe Government
not to be too long about the work in hand
was shown from the fact that the footsteps
of the telegraph official who brought the
dispatches had scarcely ceased to re-ecbo
along tbe corridor leading to the Grand
Jury room when tbat body filed into court
and announced tbat it had found a true
bill of indictment.
Pending the arrest of the person thus
put under indictment his name remained
locked in the breast of the lord high
executioner, and the public was allowed to
draw all its conclusions from the premises
and such preliminary data as it bad at
band. Tbat President Debs was the roan
none doubted, and subsequent develop
ments justified the surmise.
Touching the outlook for the future out
side of Chicago it may be said that to-day's
dispatches were almost uniform in tenor,
to the effect that normal conditions had
already been restored or tbat they were
rapidly approaching that state, and there
seems no reason at this writing to suppose
that the progress toward a complete re
sumption of trade and traffic will meet
with any serious check as the coming
days shall succeed each otber. In other
words, it does not seem possible, with all
tbe forces of law and order as now arrayed,
with their leader rut to bis own defense at
the bar of justice, with their ranks begin
ning to be depleted by desertions, and
with the strain which they have already
endured, tbat tbe A. It. U. can rally forces
for a struggle which must needs be long
and discouraging at best. Apparently,
therefore, their only hope ot final triumph
lies in aid which they hope to get from
union labor outside of their organization.
As this is being written the order for
all classes of labor in Chicago to go on
strike to-morrow inorninn is being promul
gated, and it is said tbat the order of
General Master Workman Sovereign of tbe
Knights of Labor, calling on all members
to strike and all wbo sympathize with the
Pullman stiikers all over the country to
come out with them, is expected to follow
quickly. How generally the orders will
he obeyed is problematical. To a great
extent the effect has already been dis
counted by the stagnation of business, and
it is known that some of the longest beads
of the labor leaders believe that the action
has been postponed tootlong to be effec
Very Indignant at the Seizure of His
Personal Papers.
Chicago, July 10.— The Federal Grand
Jury, after receiving the instructions of
Juege Groncup this afternooD, returned
indictments Hgainsi Eugene V. Debs,
president of tbe A. R. U. ; George W.
Howard, its vice-president; Sylvester
Keliher, secretary, and L. W. Rogers, one
of Its directors, and shortly thereafter the
men were arrested. They are charged
with conspiracy to commit an unlawful
act in attempting to block the progress of
the United Slates mails.
Joined in the indictment with the four
leaders of the Railway Union was James
Murwin. tbe Rock Island striker who
threw the switch which derailed a mail
train at Blue Island on the night of June
30. Debs, Howard, Keliher and Rogers
were taken to the office of District Attor
ney Milchrlst immediately after their ar
re.sr, and after a few hours' detention were
released on bail by Judge Grosscup, their
bonds being 810,000 each.
The Federal Grand Jury spent but a
short time on the case of Debs and other
leaders of the strike. The rase against
them for conspiracy had been prepared
some days ago by Attorneys Milchrist and
Walker, and the grand jurors had not
been at woik two hours when 'he indict
ment was ready to be presented in court.
It was based on some of the public utter
ances of Debs and the other leader, and
this was clinched by the original orders in
writing sent out by Debs directing men
on the different railroads to quit. This
stopped the running of mail trains. A
large number of tele grams sent by repre
sentatives from his headquarters, giviȣ
directions which extended the blockade j
of trains were submitted to the Giand
Jury by R. M. Mulford Jr., manager of
tbe Western Union, unler a subuena is
sued by the United State* court, Judge
Grosscup overruling the. telegraph com
pany's trotest that the messages were
privileged documents and exempt from
Mr. Mulford had left the Grand Jury
room but a few minutes when the Grand
Jury filed out aud walked into Judge
Grosscup's court. Foreman Sanborne
handed to the court the indictment, which
was at once taken to th» office of the Dis
trict Attorney. Marshal Arnold and a
deDuty were sent out with the warrants.
Shortly before 5 o'clock Marshal Arnold
returned with President Debs as a pris
oner. Debs was taken Into Mr. Milchrist's
private office. He was accompanied by
Theodore Debs, his brother, who was with
him when the. arrest was made. There
were in the office when the head of the
A. R. U. arrived as a prisoner E'lwin
Waiker and Mr. Milchrist and these were
soon joined by Judge Grosscup. who had
Deen summoned to take bail. It was not
long until Deputy Loean appeared with
Keliher. the. secretary. In a short time
Theodore Debs returned with Attorney W.
L. B'sbee, who had been retained to de
lend tbe prisoners. At 6 o'clock Deputy
Logun appeared with Rogers and Vice-
President Howard.
It was 7:30 before Clerk Burnham ap
peared, and the bail was legally accepted.
The bondsmen are Alderman William
FHzaerald, who qualified to the sum of
8250,000, and William Skakei, who quali
fied lor $50,000— the bonds being in the
sum of $10,000 each. It was some time
later when the formality of signing was
completed, and the indicted ones left the
building in company with their bonds
Marshal Arnold found Deb 3in bis
apartments at the Leiand when he took
him into custody. While the bail was be
ing arranged, Attorney John F. Geetiug
jo ned the i arty in the District Attorney's
office. He was retained by the r iHway
union officers on Monday evening to assist
in their defense in case they werearrestea.
Mr. Geeting said tne defense of the men
will be directed by Clarence S. Darrow,
who is tbe attorney of the union.
The indictment against Deb 9, Keliher,
Howard, Rogers and Mitrwin is founded
on sections 5508, 5509, 533(3 and 50.'58 of the
Federal statutes.
While waiting for bail to be arranged,
in an interview Deb 3 said: "We have
been placed under arrest to answer to m
indictment found against us by the Fed
eral Grand Jury, in which we are accused
of conspiracy to commit, and of commit- j
tiug, offenses against the United States by I
obstructing and intercepting the mails of j
the country. Since I have been brought j
here I bave been informed that the offi
cers of the court have gone to our head
quarters and taken my personal corre
spondence and some ot tbe records of the
A. R. U. I do not know by what right
this act h^as been committed. It seems to
be an infamous outrage. Not only did
they take ray personal effects and papers,
but carried with them my unopened vial.
It i 9 an outrage, and you call this a free
country. It s«ems to me not to be com
patible with the stars and stripes. It is
no longer a question of right in this
country, but a question of force, and abso
lute force at that."
District Attorney Milchrist when ques
tioned about the seizure of Debs' corre
spondence said : "These men were ar
rested on n subpoena duces tecum, a
perfectly legal operation, whereby they
are commanded to bring with them every
thing appertaining to their business. Iv
this case we bave a corporation to deal
with— the A. R. U. Tbe effects of that
organization can be brought into court on
a warrant of the kind issued to-day. The
records of the organization are subject to
the command of the court. It is not an
unusual procedure in this court. I will
s ay, however, that if the officer? of the
court took any of Mr. Debs' personal mail
it will be returned to him unopened. Let
ters addressed to him as president of tbe
A. R. U., however, will not be returned to
Mr. Debs."
The Grand Jury, in addition to the in
dictments against Debs and his associates,
returned indictments against a number of
men who have been arrested during the past
two weeks and bound over to tbe court by
Commissioner llovne on charges of viola
tion of tbe Federal laws in connection with
the strike.
Judge (irosscuD Says That the Law
Must Be Enforced.
Chicago, July 10.— A special Federal
Grand Jury to investigate the strike was
sworn in to-day by Judge Grosscup.
When all the grand jurors nau been sworn
they were instructed as to their duties by
Judge Grosscup as follows :
"Genlemen of the Grand Jury: You
have been summoned here to inquire
whether any of the laws of the United
States within this judicial district have
been violated. You have rome into an at
mosphere and amid occurrences that may
•well cau6e reasonable men to question
whether the Government and laws of the
United States are yet supreme. Thai.ks to
the resolute manhood and to that ci.light
ened intelligence which perceives the ne
cessity of a vindication of the law before
any other adjustments are possible, the
Government of the United States is still
"You doubtless feel, as I do, that the op
portuuities of life under present condi
tions are not entirely equal, and that
changes are needed to forestall some of
the dangerous tendenciesof current indus
trial life. But neither the torch of the in
cendiary, nor the weapou of the insurrec
tionist, nor the inflamed tongue of him
who incites to fire and sword is the instru
ment to bring about reforms. To the
mind of the American, to tbe calm, die
passionate, sympathetic judgment of a
race that is not alraid to face deep changes
and responsibilities, there has as yet been
no appeal. Men who appear as the cham
pions of great changes must submit them
to discussion — discussion that reaches not
simply the parties interested but the un
der circles of society— ana must be patient
as well as persaverlng until the public in
telligence has been reached aud a public
judgment made up. An appeal to fore
before that hour is a crime not only
against tbe Government of existing laws
but against the cause itself, for what man
of any intelligence supposes th.it any
settlement will abide which is Induced
under tho light of the torch or the 6hadow
of an overpowering threat?
"With the questions behind the present
occurrence-, therefore, we have as minis
ters of 'he law and citizens of tbe republic
nothing to do. The law must be vindi
cated before we turn aside to inquire how
law or practice as it ought to be can be
effectually brought about. G>vernment
by law U imperiled and that issue is para
mount. The Government of the United
States has first to protect itself aud its
authority as a Government, and, seconaly,
to protect its authority over those agen
cies to which, under the constitution and
laws, it extends governmental laws.
"For the former purpose — namely, to
protect itself and its authority as a Gov
ernment—it has enacted that 'every per
son who entices, sets on foot, assists or
engages in any rebellion or insurrection
against the authority of the United States
nr the laws thereof, or gives aid or
comfort thereto'; and two or more
persons in any State or Territory who con_
spire to overthrow, put down or destroy
by force tbe Government of the Uuited
States or to levy war against or to oppose
by force the authority thereof, or by force
to prevent, hinder or delay the execution
of any law of the Uuited States, or by
force to seize, 'ake or possess any prop
erty of thf United States, contrary to
authority, shall be visited with certain pen
alties herein named.
'"Insurrection is the arising against civil
or political authoiily of the open and
active opposition of a number of persona
to the execution of law in a city or Mate.
"Now the laws of the United Mines
forbid, under penally, any persona from
obstructing or retarding the passage <>t the
mails and make It the <iuiy of Hie officers
to arrest such offenders ami bring them
before the court. If, therefore, it shall ap
pear to you th»t any person or persons
have willfully obstructed or retarded the
mails and that their attempted arrest for
such offense lias been opposed by such a
number of persons as would constitute a
general uprising in that particular locality
and as threatens for th« time being the
civil and political authority, then the fact
of an Insurrection within the meaning of
the law' has been established. And he
who by speech, writing, promises or other
inducements, assists in setting it on too',
or carrying it along, or gives it aid or
comfort Is guilty of a violation of law.
"It is not necessary that there should
J be bloodshed, it is not necessary that its
dimensions should bo so portentous as to
insure probable success to constitute an
insurrection. It it necessary, however,
that the rising should be in opposition to
the provisions ot the 'laws of the United
States and should be so formidable for the
time being as to defy the authority of the
United States. When men gather to re
sist the political or resist the civil power
of the United .States, or to prevent tha
execution of the laws, and in such force
that the civil authorities are inadequate to
put them down and a considerable mili
tary force is needed to accomplish that
result, they become insurgents, and every
person who willingly incites, aids or abets,
no matter what his motives may be, is
likewise an insurgent. This penalty is
severe, and, ps I have said, is designed to
protect the Government and its authority
against direct attack.
"There re other provisions of law de
signed to protect these particular agencies
which come within governmental control.
To these I will now call your attention.
I The mails are in the special keeping of
the Government and the laws of tha
United States. To secure unhindered
j transmission it is made an offenae to
•knowingly and willfully obstruct tha
passage of the mail or any carriage, horse
or carrier carrying the same.'
'•It is also provided that if two or more
persona conspire together to commit any
offense against the United States, and one
or more of such parties do any act to ef
tect the object of the conspiracy, all the
parties thereto shall be subject to a
penalty. Any person willfully or know
ingly doing any act which contributes or
is calculated to contribute to obstructing
or hindering mail service, or who will
ingly takes part in such act, no matter
how trivia), if intentional, is violating the
first of the provisions, and any person who
conspires with on« or more other persons,
one of whom subsequently commits tha
offense, is likewise guilty of an offense
against the United States.
"What constitutes conspiracy to hinder
or obstruct the mails will be touched upon
In connection with the subject to which 1
new call your attention. The constitution
places the regulation of commerce between
the several States, and between the States
and foreign nation*, within the keeping of
the United States Government. Anything
which is designed to be transported for
commercial purposes from on« State to
another and is actually in transit, and any
passenger who is actually engaged in any
such interstate commercial transaction,
and any car or carriage actually transport
ing or engaged in transporting such pas
senger are agencies and subject-matter of
interstate commerce, and any conspiracy
in restraint ot such trade or commerce is
an offense against the United Stale*. To
restraiu is to prohibit, limit, confine or
abridge a thing. The restraint may be
permanent or temporary ; it may be in
tended to prohibit, limit or abridge for all
time or for a day only.
"The law draws no distinction In tbls
respect. Commerce of this character is
intended to be free, except when subject
10 refutations by law at all tim«»s and for
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>'. 15.— Get only Hood's.
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638 and 640 Mission Street.
. . sea SaMoTV© lip
KKIISHpX bootblacks, bath - houses
UIIUUIIkU billiard - tables, brewer*,
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tanners, tailor*, etc.
Brush Manufacturers. 000 Sacramento it"
I ocl7 Tf eFrSu 2p U

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