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The morning call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, July 11, 1894, Image 3

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/all periods. Temporary restraint is, there
fore, as intolerable as permanent, and
:=; practical restraint by actual physical inter
; :.feT|?nce as criminal as that wMCh flows from
> : r.faneeni(?nts and organization. Any
••!j?iijßical interference, therefore, which has
Uib 6" effect of restraining any passenger, car
; : iVr thing constituting an element of inter
gJtate commerce forms the foundation for
..t.Kis offense. But to complete this offense,
as r. Iso that of conspiracy to obstruct the
: mails, tnere must exist in addition to the
resolve, a purpose of intent of criminal
pi racy. If it shall appear that two or
• m-ore persons wrongly agreed with each
; Atiier that trains carrying the malls and
...interstate commerce should be forcibly
• 'airested, obstructed and restrained, such
C >j\buld clearly constitute a conspiracy.
. •■:. "If it shall appear to you that two or
.': jnare persons corruptly or wrongfully
'."/agreed with each other that the employes
.-.-,; of .the several railroads carryirg the mails
... and interstate commerce should quit, and
..that successors should by threats, intimi
, .Ration or influence be prevented from tak
ing their places, such would constitute a
: :cpnspiificy. I recognize, however, the
right of labor to organize. Each man in
■ America is a free man, and, so long as he
:': does. not interfere with the rights of others.
: be/ha* the richt to do with that which is
;; ; hrs what he pleases. In the highest sense
.': a man's arm is his own ; ana aside from
.■■'. contract relations no one but he can di
".. rect when it shall be raised to work or
: shall be dropped to rest. The individual
option to work or to quit is the imperish
'. *ble right of a free man. But the raising
or dropping of tae arm is the
■ fesuh of a will that resides in
-■the brains. Much as we may desire that
..Such will should rerrain entirely inde
pendent, there is no mandate of law which
prevents their association with others and
response to a higher will. .The individual
jaiay feel himself alone unequal to cope
• With the conditions that confront him, or
■■enable to comprehend the myriad of con
siderations that ought to control his con
duct. : . He is entitled to the highest wage
this strategy of work or cessation from
; work may bring and the limitations upon
his intelligence and opportunities may be
such that he does not choose to stand upon
' hii own perception of strategic or other
conditions. His right to choose a leader,
. :Vhp observes, thinks and wills for him, a
: brain skilled to observe his interest— is no
; greater pretension than that which is
.^recognized in every other department of
industry. So far, and within reasonable
limits, associations of this character are not
; lawful only but are In my judgment benen
rial when they do not restrain individual
liberty and are under enlightened and con
scientious leadership.
"But they are subject to the same laws
as other associations. The leaders to
whom are given the vast power of judgine
and acting for the members are simply
within that respect their trustees. Their
conduct must be judgad like that of other
trustees, by the extent of their lawful
. authority and the good faith with which
they have executed it. No man in bis in
dividual right can lawfully demand and
insist upon conduct by others which will
. lead to injury to a third person's lawful
rights. The railroad carrying the mails
and interstate commerce has a right to
.-"the servicfl of each of its employes until
'each lawfully chooses to quit, and any
': concerted action upon the part of others to
• demand or insist, under any effective
penalty, upon their quitting, to the
injury of the mail service or the complete
transportation of interstate commerce, i
a- conspiracy, unless such demand or in
•■•' sistence is in pursuance of a lawful
authority conferred upon them by the
: men themselves and Is made in pood faith
in the" execution of sucn authority. Th**
demand or insistence, under effective
-•' penalty or threat, and injury to the
transportation of the ma Is or interstate
; commerce being proven, the burden falls
upon those making the demand or insist
■.. to show lawful authority and good faith
, In its execution.
.. "Let me illustrate : Twelve carpenters
; are engaged in building a bouse. Aside
from contract regulations, they each can
quit at pleasure. A thirteenth and four
.. teenth man, strangers to them, by con
; certed threats of holding them up to pub
. lie odium or private malice, induce them
-to. quit and leave the house unfinished.
The latter in no sense represent the former
'er their wishes but are simply interlopers
for mischief and are guilty of conspiracy
against the employer of the carpenters.
■' But if upon a trial lor such results they
■ prove that Instead of being strangers they
are the trustees, agents or leaders of the
• twelve, with full power to determine for
- them whether their wage is such that they
-ought to continue or quit, they have in
good faith determined that question, and
are not then, so far as the law goes, con
: spirators. But if it should further appear
the supposed authority was used not in
: . the Interests of the twelve, but to further
a personal ambition or malice of the two,
it would no longer justify their conduct.
Doing a thing under cloak of authority is
r not doing it with authority. The injury of
■' the two to the employer is such an instance
as would only be aggravated by their
treachery to the associated twelve, and
! both employes and employer should with
: equal insistence ask the vindication of the
-', ;.. "If It appears, therefore, applying the
' illustration to the occurrences that will be
! brought to our attention, that any two or
• more persons by concert insisted or de
:;. manded under effective penalties and
• threats upon men quitting their employ
: ment to the obstruction of the mails or
'Interstate commerce, you may inquire
whether they did these act 3as strangers
'._■ it.o these men or whether they did them
> tinder the guise of trustees and leaders of
.in association to which these men be
■longed. And If the latter appears you
:.: "may inquire whether their acts and con
; duct In that respect were in faithful and
;. conscientious execution of their supposed
: ; authority or were simply a ruse of that
;■ authority as a guise to advance personal
: .-ambition or satisfy private malice. There
is. honest leadership among these, cur
-/laboring fellow-citizens, and there is
.. doubtless dishonest leadership. You
■ should Dot brand any action of leadership
;■; as done dishonestly or in bad faith unless
: it clearly so appears; but if it does so ap
-'pear, if any person is shown to have be
trayed the trust of these tolling men and
. their acts fail within the definition of
crime as 1 have given it to you, it is alike
. the interest, the pleasure and the duty of
every citizen to bring them to swift and
• heavy punishment.
"I wish again, in conclusion, to impress
, on you the fact that the present emergency
; is to vindicate law. If no one has violated
the law under the rules I have laid down,
..it needs no vindication; but if there has
been such violation, there should be quick,
■' prompt and adequate indictment.
;. "I confess that the problems which are
■ made the occasion or pretext for the pres
ent disturbances have not received the
■ consideration they deserve. It is our duty
: fts citizens to take them up, ami by candid
.• »nd courageous discussion ascertain what
Wongs exist and what remedies can be
ipplied, But neither the existence of such
problems nor the neglect of the public hith
■ trto to adequately consider them justifies
*' tie -violation of law or the bringing on of
general lawlessness. Let us first restore
peace aud punish the offenders of the law,
and then the atmosphere will be clear to
think over the claims of those who have
real grievances. First vindicate tv« law.
Until that is done no other questions are
in order."
At the conclusion of the lengthy charge,
Judge Gmsscup said : "Since I have pre
pared these instructions I have been in
formed that a Deputy United Slates Mar
shal was shot while in the discharge of his
duty. I will read the section of the Uuited
States statute! that covers offen?eß of this
nature. • • Any person, offending under
the law in a similar manner can be indicted.
Remember, gentlemen, you have been
called here under exciting circumstances
to discharge a grave public duty."
The jury retired to the jury-room aud
after organizing went to dinner. Deputy
United States Marshal Jones aud a force
of marshals are detailed to keep unwel
come intruders from the sceue of the jury's
labors. The railroad attorneys have filed
information against the rioters in the Dis
trict Attorney's oftice aud several clerks
have been rut to woik at filing it for the
convenience of the jury. To Oliver Pagen,
Assistant United States Attorney, will fall
the duty of drawing the indictments. Mr.
Pagen said to-day that the jury would have
to make baste slowly.
"We have an appalling lot of informa
tlon," said Mr. l'agen. "but indictments
for conspiracy and inciting to riot are seri
ous things and must be drnwn up pre
cisely. It has been suggested that the
jurors receive the testimony in a practical
way, keeping the proper memoranda and
finding true bills from time to time, as the
information warrants the indictment of
men for conspiracy ag&inst the Govern
Pullman Stockholders Weary of the
Long Struggle.
Chicago, July 10.— A movement origi
nated to-day among a coterfe of Pullman
stockholders on the Board of Trade to in
duce the resident direciors of the Pullman
Company to bring their influence to bear
on Mr. Pullman to yield to demands for
arbitration, or if necessary to call an
emergency meeting of the executive com
mittee of directors to act independently of
the president in the interests of the
majority of the ownership.
"It is labor lost; not 150 Mayors would
have the slightest effect on the
Company," said Mayor Hopkins when
asked if Mayor Pingree of Detroit had
nsked him to become one of the fifty
Mayors to join in an appeal to Genrge M.
Pullman to allow the differences between
him and hit men to be submitted to ar
"Mayor Pingree probably thought there
was no need of asking me to j>in with him'
in such an appeal," said the Mayor. "My
position is pretty well known. But fifty
Mayors will have no effect on the Puilman
Company; no, nor 150 or 500. Every one
is ignored by this company. However it
will take Pullman years to recover from
this trouble. He will find he is boycotted
without anyunity in action or effort by the
American people. The business will go to
Pullman's competitors. Then he will
realize the mistake of his position to-day."
The blockade at the stockyards was
raised to-day. A train of fifty-five cars
with meat went through the yards without
obstruction, being the first to leave since
July 4. The receipts to-day were fifty
cattle and three sheep.
Armour & Co. moved faltrain of meat
cars this morning, in spite of a mob along
L,onmis aod Forty-seventh streets. Stones
were thrown and the crowd hooted, but
the appearance of troops put an end to tbe
■ ii-io rder. A train of sixiy-tive cars, loaded
by Swift, Armour <fc Morris, was sent out
over the Baltimore aud Ohio lines, guarded
by deputies. For the first time for several
days the packing-nouses did some slaugh
tering to-day.
President Esran and the General Man
agers' Association this morning reported
trains moving on all road-. The freight
business is beginning to be resumed.
Additional United States troops from
Niobrara ariived to-day. The detachment
is composed of four troops of the Sixth
Cavalry iv command of Colonel Gordon.
For answer to President Debs' while rib-
I bon badge, miniature United States flags
are being distributed on the Board of Trade
and worn on the lapels.*
The following statement was is>ued to
night by Chairman Egan of the Genera!
Fanagers' Association : To-day, Tuesday,
"the railways in the city of Chicago han
dled their usual number of through pas
senger and mail traius. Many of them
resumed suburban service. The number
of freight trains has largely increased
since yestereay. The backbone of the
strlte was broken yesterday. The rail
way companies have nothing to say as to
the prosecuting of individuals who have
violated the laws. That matter is left in
the bands of the Government.
Governor Altgeld to-night wired Adju
tant-Gpueral Orendorff in this city to pur
chase for the State all tbe 45 and 50 caliber
rifles to be found in Chicago ana to ship
them to points to be designated by tho Gov
ernor. Ten pounds of ammunition will be
sent with eacn rifle.
Matters Look Brighter at the Rail
road Centers.
Toledo. Jaly 10.— The Michigan Cen
tral strikers at midnight decided to go to
work. The Pennsylvania is moving all
trains without trouble. The strike ou the
Hocking Valley Is over at this point. Ann
Arbor officials have issued orders discon
tinuing all scheduled freight trains. The
Lake Shore yards are tbe only point of
trouble. Receiver Callaway of Hie Clover
Leaf reports the engineers on the Western
Division of that road are applying for re
instatement and being taken on as new
men at any rate the road chooses to pay.
( i.i.veland. July 10.— More non-union
men were brought into the city from the
East about midnight and pnt to work in
the Lake Shore yards, To-day at the Big
Pour yards an attempt was made to get
out a freight train, but no conductor coul-i
be found. Th<- Nickel Plate at Bellevu*
is completely tied up. Other mads are
waiting the outcome of the proposed break
on the Vanderbilt lines. Passenger trains
are running.
Hammond, Ind., July 10.— A bridge on
the Mouon road near this city was burned
this morning. Warrants charging soldiers
with the muider of Charles Fleischer have
been issued, aud it Is said the head of the
Government and chief executive assistants
will be charged as being accessories before
the fact. The claim is that soldiers fired
into a body of peaceful ehlzens. The
widow will Institute proceedings against
the Government for damages. Lew Wal
lace Jr. was arrested last niglit on the
charge ol personating a Untied States
marshal. Wallace displayed a star and
ordered all the saloons closed. Judge
Morelock fined him SlO *nd costs.
Pittsblkg. July 10.— Tlu Chicago lim
ited on the Fort Wayne road arrived three
hours late to-day, having been held up by
a mob near Fort Wayne. Windows were
broken and there were bullet-holes in
the cars.
Henderson, Ky., June 10. -The switch
men and yardhands of the Louisville and
Nashville » bo struck here last Thursday
have all resumed work. Passenger trains
anting Pullman sleepers have continued
running about on time. The Chicago
sleeper, which was missed several nights
last week, is again added regularly. V
has heeu nearly a week since a freiehl
train parsed this point on the Louisville
and Nashville.
Lasalle. 111., July 10.— A freight train
was wreckfd between this city and Utica
on the Rock Island R illwav to-day. Nine
teen cars left the truck. The spikes hold
ing the rails in place had been drawn.
The track is on the bank of a canal, and it
is little shoit of a miracle that the entire
train did not go into the water. The en
gineer and fireman saved themselves by
Angola, Ind., July 10.— M. N. Noble, a
chosen representative of the A. R. U., at
Ashley, a division town on the WaDash,
and W. W. Lyrick, proprietor of the hotel
at that place, came to Angola last nig'it
to consult attorneys regarding a question
ol law. The union demanded that Mr.
Lyrick refuse accommodations to the
lorty or nmre United States Marshals sent
there by the Government to keep order.
Whether or not Lyrick would be liable to
damages if be refused to entertain them
was the question. All attorneys consulted
concurred in the opinion that he would
bu liable if he did not admit them to the
Ashley, lod., July 10.— The blockade
on the WabMsli road has been raised. All
the union men are at work. Hiram Agio
was arrested last night and taken to In
dianapolis. Agle is the local president of
the A. R. U.
Galvksjon. July 10. — The American
Railway Union to-day passed a resolution
to the effect that they would prevent the
Santa Fe pulliug Pullman sleepers by
force. A mob of several hundred con
tiregated at the depot to-night and under
took to uncouple the sleepers. Failing in
this they endeavored to drag the fireman
from the cab, but were preven ed by the
police. More trouble is looked for to-mor
row mnrning.
Cincinnati, July 10.— The Big Four is
suftd an order 10-night closing all shops on
its branches, throwing out 3000 men.
New York, July 10. — AH the trains nre
running on time on the Vanderbllt lines.
Everything Is quiet and in the best pos
sible shape on the Lake Shore and Michi
gan Central
One of the Leaders of the Engineers
Arrested in Chicago.
Chicago, July 10. — John J. Ilannahan,
vice-grand master of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Firemen, was a prisoner at
Commissioner Iloynes' i ffice this mornine.
"I was taken out of my house at mid
night," said he, after he had been released
on bail, "»nd was compelled to leave the
bedside of my sick wife. I have done a:i 1
could to preserve the peace during the
strike." Ilannahan is a candidate f>r
Congress in the Second, orsuckyard, Dis
trict. District Attorney MUcrist said the
Government bad a gocd case against
Ilanahan was arrested on a warrant
sworn out before Commissioner floyne by
E. C. Gregory of the Chicago and West
ern Indiana Railroad, who has an office in
room ,V 2at Ihe Dearborn station. The
warrant charged the vice-grand master
with interfering with interstate commerce
and the las^ng* of the mail. The arrest
was made by Deputy Marshal Frank Joy,
the ex-Pinkerton detective who took part
in the stockyards riot of 1887, and has
been charged with firing the shot on that
occasion which killed Terrence Begley.
After he had been taken into custody
Hiinaliau »as taken to the liotrl Nor- !
mandie. and was kept until this morning
by two deputy marshals. This morning
tna commissioner fixed his bail at S;«XX),
and the bond was signed by John Berc, a
manufacturer of firearms, and Frederick
Osterle. The complaint on v\ hioli the war
rant was issued charges that on July 7
Hanahan boarded an engine in the West
End and induced the engineer, George B.
Ready, and the fireman, J. C. Trail, to
leave the engine, thereby stopping' the
train. Ilanahan was indignant when he
was beforo the commissioner and pro
tested against being compelled to give
S3OOO bail.
"I do not care for myself," said be, "for
I can give the amount, but do not like to
establish such a precedent."
He Believes That the President Has
Done His Whole Duty.
Indianatulis, Ind., July 10. — Ex-
President Benjamin Harrison having been
quoted as saying that President Cleveland
has established a new precedent In send
ing Federal troops into a State, without a
request from the Governor of the State
and over his rrotest. s.iid to-day:
"1 have never said what I am quoted as
saying as to the use of United States troops
by the President, nor do I think the Presi
dent has transcended his powers. On the
other hand, I believe there is no spot in
the United States where the United States
may not go u:ider such orders without ask
ing anybody's consent, and that the en
forcement of the laws of the United States
is the sworn dutvot the President, and the
army an appropriate instrument to use in
the enforcement of these laws where they
are violently resisted aud the civil officers
are unable to deal with the situation. If
the posse cnmliatus law limits the Presi
dent's constitutional power at all, which
is very doubtful, it only requires the procla
mation to precede the us* of troops."
The Roads in Colorado Are in Good
Denver, July 10.— President Jeffery of
the Denver and Rio Grand* Railroad Com
pany is receiving congratulations from all
sides on the success of h'.s method of deal.
Ing with his employes. Mr. Jeffery ban
taken the position that the employes
should have time to think over the prob
lem confronting them, and has not at
tempted forcibly to operate trains. The
result is that no damage has been done to
the property of the company and the strik
er? are voluntar ly returning to whrk.
The Santa Fe officials announced that
the line is open to Ogden and Southern
California points and all trains are moving
on time.
The Union Pacific was to-day open to
Oniien aud all the other roads are doing
business as usual.
Salida. Colo., July 10. — The Denver
and Rin Gran le strikers at this point re
ported [or duty to-day. This is the result
of perßuasion of the peace eommlt.ee
irom Denver. The Denver and Rio
Grande will have no further trouble iv
running its through trains.
Grand Junction. Colo., July 10.— The
presence of 150 regulars has had good
effect here. The strikers and soldiers
had a friendly ball game to-day. Regular
traius were sent out by the Denver and
Rio Grande, the Midland and the Rio
Grande Western.
La Junta, Colo.. July 10.— The strike
at this point is ended. Many of the strik
ers are leaving the city in despair of get
ting their joDs back.
liJiNiDAD. Colo., July 10— The two
companies of Federal troops who have
been on duty here for a week returned to
Fort Logan this afternoon, being replaced
by a company of colored troops from
Wyoming. Five more A. R. U. men have
been arrastfd for participation in the dH
turhance of June 24. Trains are running
Striking miners or railroad men burned
a bridge last night on the Aguilar branch
of the Gulf road.
Demixg, N. Mex., July 10.— An attempt
was mnde last night to wreck a special
train containing 500 troops from Fort
Bayard en route to Trinidad and Raton.
The section foreman discovered four
switches open in the Deming yards just
before the train arrived. The members of
the A. ft U. are highly indignant and
have offered to guard the railroad prop
Pueblo, Colo., July 10.— The firemen
and brakemen on the R o Grande here to
night voted to return to work. The places
of the striking switchmen and shopmen
will be filled, and the company announces
that all business will be resumed to-mor
row. Strikers at Gunnison returned to
work to-mght. The strike in Colorado is
at an end so far as Impairment of the
service is concerned.
Ihe Roads Will Run on Time for the
Most Part.
Portland, Or., July 10.— All is quiet in
the local strike situation to-day. There
were no strikers at the Union depot when
the trains left this morninp. and no demon
strations of any kind have been made by
the men. The East Sidefreightlertat 6:130,
the West Side local, passenger and mail
at 7:30; the O. B. and N. stub passenger
and mail at 8; the East Side local, pas
senger and mail at 8:30, and at 11:10 the
Northern Pacific left with mail, baggage,
six coaches, a Pullman, three stockcars
loaded with cavalry horses, and Troop E,
Fourth Cavalry. Captain Wheeler, from
"Vancouver Barracks, en route to Tacoma.
Northern Pacific acd Southern Pacific
traius lef to-night ou time.
United States Marshal Grady has dis
missed all but five of the special deputy
marshals who were sworn in a few days
ago to preserve order during the strike.
He does not anticipate any trouble on ac
count of the strike, and the only special
deputies who continuein the service of tue
Marshal are those stationed at Ashland.
Assistant General Passenger Agent E. P.
Rogers snys freight trains on the Southern
Pacific Company's lines in Oregon are
running regularly, and uoless something
unforeseen happen* it Is believed that
traffic will not be again interrupted. The
last tram of Eastern and California fruit
accumulated at Ashland, which could not
be taken out before, will arrive here to
morrow morning.
ELLEN'Si!ur:G, Wash., July 10.— Onespan
of the Ni»i heru Pacific bridge across the
Yakima River, seven mile* north ol here,
was burned early this mornine. No par
ticulars are obtainable. A repairing force
is now at work. Meantime transfers will
ne made and the running of trains will not
be seriously interfered with. Everything
is quiet here.
St. Pall. July 10.— The Northern Pa
cin'c Coast train pasted B llings, Mont., to
day. The Mayor of Livingston telegraphed
Geueral Manager Kendrick: "Don't let the
train pass Livingstou, if it does not a brick
will be left stauding here." Kendrick re
plied: "The train will go by. If inter
fered with not another brick will ever be
laid in Livingston." The train passed
Livingston without molestation.
The day passenger trains ate running on
schedule time. No night trains have neen
ruuuing or will be run ou the Dulutn
I ranch of the Omaha until the road is sure
ol protection at Schooner. All the wires
have been cut at that place and the situa
tion is thought to be grave.
Boise. Idaho, July 10.— Trains on the
Union Pacific are now practically run
ning on time again. The ins: mall from
the West fur ten days arrived this evening.
It was made up at La Grande, but i is ex
pected that a through mail from Portland
will arrive to-morrow.
It is thought freight trains will be mov
ing to-morrow. This will relieve the
threatened famine in many kinds of goods.
\ large number of arrests were made in
Pocatello of men concerned in taking
possession of the yards. Frank \Vaif»on.
editor of the Populist paper there, was
arrested to-day for indulgng in inflamma
tory talk.
Governor Altgeld Thinks the State
Can Hold Its Own.
Springfield, 111.. July 10.— In speak
ing of the strike situation the Governor
said : "The State has six regiments of in
fantry, two troops cf cavalry and two
battalions of artillery with G^tling guns
in Chicago. In addition to that there are
a great many hundred deputies summoned
by Sheriff Gilbert, whom the Slate as
sisted in arming early in the strike. The
forces, State and local, have the situation
thoroughly in hand, and if there is no ex
tension of the strike into ether trades the
trouble will be over in a few days.
"Should the strike extend nmong the
other trades, it will take a week or so
longer. We have been furnishing the
railroads prompt assistance in the way of
protection all over the State whenever
and wherever called on, and during the
past week have had troops at six different
points outside of Chicago. During the
last fonr or five days there has been very
little d fficulty over the State. Nearly all
the roads that can get men to operate
their trains have been running nearly all
their reg ular trains, both passenger and
The Illinois Club Sends a Word of
Chicago. July 10.— At a meeting of the
Illinois Club, the largest and most influ
ential business men's club of the West
Side, last night the following address was
unan monsly ndopted:
"2V> His Excellency, G rover Cleveland,
President of the United States, Washing
ton, I). C: The Illinois Club. 400 s-tronj;,
of the city of Chicago, gratefully thanks
Ihe President for his patriotic action iv
behalf of law and order and for the main
tenance of the dignity of the Federal
courts of this city. Every word of your
w'ko and prudent orders and timely
proclamation is hurebv earnestly Indorsed.
We congratulate the American people thai
our President knows his duty.
"Walter Shoemaker, President."
Pullman's Vice-President Was in
Serious Danger.
Chicago, July 10.— An attempt was
made on Monday afternoon by a man, the
name of whom the police will not divulge,
to kill Vice-President Wirkes of the Pull
man Company with an infernal machine.
The man entered the building, currying n
small bundle under his arm. llk a>ked to
see Mr. Wickes and was conducted to his
office, where the special officers who
guarded the building quietly took his
bundle away.
It was found to bs a glass bottle, with a
fuse attached, filled with cartridge--, scraps
of iron and a substance unknown to the
officers. The man was taken out of the
building. To-day an analysis or tne sub
stance in the bottle was madi», and it was
found tn bp a dangerous explosive, which
would explcdi! witb great violence upon
the application of a gentle heat.
He Has a Scheme to Settle the
Washington. July 10.— When the Sen
ate met to-day, and after the transaction
of some routine business, the resolution
introduced by Senator Peffer yesterday
was laid before the body.
Pfffer discussed his resolution, which
looks to the Government control of rail
ways and roal-fie.lds and the adoption of
the doctrine of single tax. He appealed
to Senators to listen, far while he was not
a prophet nor the son of a prophet, nor an
alarmist, yet ho had time and time again
called the attention of the country to what
seemed to him to be within the ordinary
ruin's vision— the public danger. All his
propositions related to one fundamental
error wnicn the country bad fallen into,
the danger of allowing a few men here
and a few men there to usurp the gover
mental functions. All public functions
should be exercised by Government! fficers.
He re'erred to Debs as a iran of whom
the country had heard a great deal Utely,
but of whom it was likely to hear very
much more before long. Mr. Peffer said
that when the Pullman Comcany estab
lished what the people of«tbe world be
lieved to bo an ideal community, in which
all should have equa.l rights and none spe
cial privileges every one commended it
lor its philanthropy. But the charges for
rent and for the uecessari»s of life were
deducted from the men's monthly pay, and
when their wages weie reduced the men
submitted, but a:-ked that their rents and
taxes be reduced. They found they were
in the powpr of a con oration without a
soul, until, finally, they came to the con
clusion they might as well starve in sup
port of their rights as in filling the coffers
of Pullman. He lelerred to the arrogant
attitude of Pullmnn acd ot the Pullman
officials, and read from this morning's pa
pers dispatches of the interview of the
Chicago Aldermen with Vice-President
Wifkes, during which the latter iterated
and reiterated that "the Pullman Com
pany had nothing to arbitrate."
Whether it was right for ttie A. R. U. to
strike in sympathy and refuse to haul
Pullman cars it was not his purpose lo
trgue, but the ominous situation con
fronted the country and it was our duty to
deal with it.
Mr. Hawlev inquired whether Mr.
Peffor did not Lnow that the railroads
were under obligations to hnul the cars.
Mr. prffer replied that the railroad com
panies wero under no more obligations to
the Pullman Company than Pullman wa*
to the railways but this was no lime to
talk of contracts between Pullman and
the railway cotuDaniea, and be was sur
prised that a Senator who had so often
championed Ihe cause of the workingmen
sthould tak of such thii gs.
Mr. PHler proceeded to arraign Congress
for its defense of monopolies and its stand
ugninst the people. He did not wonder
sometimes that there was a prowing Jeel
ing against the Congress at Washington,
and thui men wi>hrd to abolish the Sen
ate, lie would go a step farther, how
ever, and besides seconding an effort to
abolish the Semite he would also abolish
tbe House of Representatives and have the
country governed by one man from each
Senator Davis, speaking of the Kvle
rcoluti' n, said it was put in at r. time
when the troubles in the West were in
progress for the pur ose of making the
Uuited States a pHrtn»T in the lawlessness.
The striKe grew from n strike to a boycott
ana now to an insurrection. He described
thevaiious lawlessness and said Kyle's
resolution was. to take away the power of
the United Stutes to punUh such gross
acts of violence. If the acts «f violeuce
had been committed upon the Great Lakes
or the high seas it would have been piracy
and punish .ble by death. The Senator
from K«nsashad said the troops 6hould be
withdrawn, but he had not given a sugges
tion of what would protect life and prop
erty. Debs could not do so if he were
given full power, no more than he could
restore the cars burned by his men. The
shipof state, which two weeks ago was
floating proudly without trouble, was now
uuon troubled waters. lie would not
sueak of parties, but Democrats, Repub
licans and Populists should unite iv re
storing peace.
General Gordon of Georgia followed in a
brief speech, saying that when a great city
was threatened with bloodshed and fire
any Senator descended very low when he
talked of party as did the Senator from
Kansas. The war which threatened was
not sectional and he spoke not from a
southern standpoint but as a citizen of
this great nation, and he ureed that the
lnw be enforced. Senator Gordon finished
by saving that his heart felt for tbe blood
that had been shed, but that was as noth
ing compared to the pride of the republic.
Tie sons of those who made it would save
it.cost what it miclit. Loud applauseon the
floor and in the'galleries graeted the Sena
tor as he took l>is seat, unchecked for sev
eral seconds by the Vice-President's
Daniel then offered a substitute for
the resolution of lVffer indorsing the
action of the President declaring that
the United States had the power to enforce
the laws respecting tba mail routes and
interstate commerce and to put down riots
iitul actions of treason.
There were many calls for a vote on
the Daniels resolution, but Gallinger
asked to have it go over, and this was
equivalent to an objection.
The Postoftice appropriation bill was
then taken up and passed.
The Senate tu^n took up the diplomatic
appropriation bill on motion of Black
burn. He yielded to Faulkner to
move to take tin tbe bill for the admission
of Utah as a State. The bill was passed
with the Senate committee amendments
and without debate or division.
The Se ate went into exocutive session,
and at 5:45 o'clock adjourned.
Tbe President and his advisors were
again In session to-night. They have been
in communication with Chicago by tele
phone and teloeraph and they feel satisfied
with the situation there. General Scho
lieid had received no word from General
Ruzer up to 10 o'clock to-night, aud this is
taken as an indication that no trouble
occurred at Oakland or Saeram&nto to-day.
Regulars Sent to the Cceur d'Alene
Spokane, Wash., July 10.— United
Sates troops have been sent into the
Coeur d'Alene mines to suppress the
threatened trouble. Company C and a
part of Company E, Fourteenth Infantry,
from Vancouver, under command of
Major Burke, left here for Wallace to
day. The troops are equipped for field
♦ .
Ahlwardt Must Serve His Time.
Berlin, July 10.— The Imperial High
Court has rejected the appeal of R<ctor
Atilwnrdt, ihe notorious Jew - Waiter,
against the sentence of three months'
imprisonment Imposed upon him for
liDellns Prussian ofliciials.
Work of a Mob at Los
Southern Pacific Cars
But There Will Be Trouble There
When a Mob Stole Into the Yards
and Did Its Work
Los Angeles, July 10.— For the first
time since the strike was proclaimed in
Los Anjieles, ugly worn began to-nigbt.
At the conclusion of a singularly peaceful
day this unexpected outbreak of hostilities
oou place, and the people who boasted of
the city's good record are sorely disap
pointed. The police say it is only the be
ginning of trouble, and, acting on this
opinion, have detailed a special guard at
the station and extra force in the railroad
Some time after dark, when the watc!)
ou the railroad property was relaxed on
account o( the good conduct of the striker-,
a gang of forty ot fifty men went to the
yards at the San Fernando street depot.
They overturned an empty freightcarso
that the top fell across one rail of the main
track of the road leading out of the oily to
Yum a. From appearances, planks were
placed under the car and the crowd leaned
on the finds and tilted it over.
The purpose of this act appears to be a
fiendish attempt to wreck an incoming
train. Those who planned it were aware
that watchfulness had been relaxed and
the gu rds weie not considered necessary
on all trains, so a march could be stolen
on the railroad officials when they least
expected it.
After this was done the gang moved two
cars about 100 yards to aswitch connecting
the Yuma main line with a side truck.
At that point they opened the switch and
ran the boxcars back, letting one truck
run on the side track and the other on the
main line and then closed the switch. By
thus complicating things the line is
blocked, and will need some hours' work
to clear it. The third car was turned up
acainst the car entrapped in the switch.
Strange to say, no dpputy marshals or
sheriffs or police heard or saw the crowd.
The witnesses are alt sympathizers and
refuse to speak about it. Il is known that
the gang committing the deed wore white
ribbons and buttons, but whether they are
A. R. U. men or merely sympathizers can
not be ascertained. The scene of the oc
currence is on Alhanibra avenue, about
tiiree blocks from the A. R U. head
quarters, where the strikers gatder dailr.
The soldiers were in camp, the police
in their barracks and the deputies at home
wiipn the mob began its first night's work.
Immediately the news cnnie into town
officers hurried to the Sau Fernando street
yards and to-nieht there are 75 to 100
men, Including police and deputies, guard
ing the roundhouse and railroad property.
Detectives ate out investigating the case,
but all they know so far is that the crowd
stole out quietly and after venting its
aneer on the company hurriedly dispersed.
It is believed that the making up of
freight trains and successfully dispatching
one to-day opposite the A. R. U. nead
quart^rs incited the mob to commit the
He Has Kept Part of the Southern
Pacific Open.
Los Angeles, July 10.— The Southern
Pacific raised the blockade to-day over its
Sunset route to New Orleans. All local
trains an n running on the Southern Pacific
and Santa Fe roads, ana the latter will
send out freight trains to-night. Overland
trains with Pullniiios and mails have left
both depots. A freight train went east to
day on the Southern Pacific toad.
The strikers mako no demonstrations
nor do any mobs gather, and railroad busi
ness is falling back into its customary
groove slowly but surely. The United
States troops find less to do every day.
The average citizeu will say he is glad the
country is open again for commerce, mails
and passenger travel, while he sympathizes
with the strikers and wishes to see them
win their fi^ht.
Sucb, in brief, is the situation in
Southern California ibis evening. Super
intendent Muir, who controls the South
ern Pacific south of Tehachapi Moun
tains, is losing the troubled look which he
has worn for so many days past, and now
be is pardonably proud of bis accomplish
ment in opening bis department to all
classes of railroad business while not an
engine moved elsewhere. In his ca.se
beinre the Federal courts there are two
sides, but so far only the United States
attorneys have been heard lv full.
Mr. Muir spent several hour* In the
United States Grand Jury room here
answering questions about his delaying
mails and interstate commerce, and he was
reindicted with the rest of the railroad
He -told his story to The Call cor
respondent this afternoon, and it proves
quite interesting, inasmuch as it shows
what determination and pluck can accom
plish. The fact is .if Muir was superin
tendent at Oakland alt the ferries and
locals, and possibly overland trains, would
be running without interruption,
"The United States officials don't know
anything about railroading." said he while
rushing about the depot. "They don'uiu
derstand the difficulties we have bad to
contend against here. It is claimed that
I've interferred with interstate commerce
and the movement of mails. That is sheer
nonsense. I have worked for twenty, yes,
twenty-two hours out of twenty-four to
start trains out and I don't think the
United States officials would do so
much. All our engines were cold
and dead. The roundhouse turntable
& ■
! Arbitration {
| Is the Word!
0 5
■ ©
• Why not settle this little mis- ■
9 understanding between the em- ■
£ ployer and employee? and we tg
jj will all be happy. ®
a We have settled the prices for •
HI the best ready-to-wear suits, #
Jj selling them for less than others "
• can.
| Why? |
m ©
® Because we pay spot cash.
• That tells. IBBBraE H
w ft
♦> Our prices are the lowest. ■
0 That tells. BHHB3ZK3 a
a o
9 Our garments are the best. ■
■ That tells. ■EmBBBfiSB £
© n
■ Public sentiment Is with us g
■ That tells. BSSSBBSSB •
• ■
■ We are well known. •
• _•'■••'"■ a '.. — . O
m That tells. KHSSESSBHfI 0
tg The Poor know us. 0
The Middle Class know us. q
9 The Rich know us. •*
B _____„__ **
• That tells. MggßttggM ■•
1 3000 1
Hen i
© ■
■ *
• This week we offer for 5
H %
• . sale 3000 men's all-wool suits. •*
• Fit, Fabric and Finish superior ■
• to all others. Only $12.00. ■
® . We have sold the same goods 5
• for $15.00. $16.00 and $18.00. J
• This statement comes from 2
• us, that ought to be suffi- 5
% cient. g
<D ■
■j| VI«Y LOW L»»T wr.CK. 0
9 „„ „._ a
m " ©
• a
! <sV °
a «
I POOS Bros. I
Q ©
a 27-37 Kearny Street
a San Francisco %
a a
737 Market St., San Francisco, Cal.,
This learned Specialist, well known by his
lone residence and successful practice ou tha
Pacific Coast, guarantees a prompt aud perfect;
cure of every case lie undertakes. -
call in person at office of Friday afternoons.
VOIINP MUM lf you are troubled with
IUUItU fllCll ulsht emissions, exbaustlni;
drains, pirn les, baslifulness, aversion to soci-
ety, stupid ness, despondency, loss of energy,
ambition and self-consciousness, wbich deprives
you of your manhood aud absolutely unfits you
for study, business or marriage— lf you are thus
afflicted you know the cause. Get well and be
a man.
bled with we.iK, aching backs and kidneys; fre-
quent, painful urination .<nd sediment In urine;
ImDolency or weakness of sexual organs, and
other unmistakable signs ot nervous debility
and premature decay. Many die of tills diffi-
culty, Ignorant of the cause, wnich is the sec-
ond stage of seminal weakness. The most ob-
stinate cases of this character treated with un-
failing success.
DDIUATC dlsense*. <;.eef. Gonorrhea. In-
rnlVAlt flammatlous, Discharges, Stric*
tuies. Weakness of Organs, Syphilis, Hydro-
cele, Vaiicocele and kiudred troubles quickly
cured without pain and detention from busi-
P AT/I DDU which poisons the Bieatu, Stom-
uMlMnnn acb and Lungs and paves the
way far Consumption, Throat, Liver. Heirt.
Kianey. Bladder and ait constitutional and In-
ternal troubles; also Kuptuie. Tiles . Fistula
treated far in advauce of any other institution
in the country.
DinnnANnQlflM Diseases, Sores, Spots,
DLUUU AriLJoM 1 PlmDles. .scrofula,
KyphlllUo Taints, Tumors. Tetter, Eczema and
other impurities of the blood thoroughly eradi-
cated, leaving the system in a strong, pure and
healthful Mat?.
I Am CO If you are suff^rinc from persistent
LRLMIO Headaches, Painful Meustruatlou,
Leucorrbea or Whites, Intolerable Itching,
Displacement of tin? Womb, or any other dls-
tiessing ailments peculiar 10 your sex, you
Minuld consult Dr. Sweauy without delay. Ha
cures wheu others fail.
U/DITC youriroubl s If living away from tha »
II 111 I U city. Thousands cured ac home by
corrrspondence aud by medicine sent secure
from observation, hook on SPECIAL DIS-
EASES sent free to those describing their
Office Hours— 9 to 12 a. m., 2to Sand 7
to BY. M. ; Sundays. 10 to 12 A. M. only. -
Address F. L. SWEANY. M.D.,
737 Marker st., San Fraucisco, Cal.
apB tf cod wy
|:| Miss Maria PARLOA'S
i'j/ containing 100 recipes which she has
if i lately written lor the Lieblg Company
'I 1 on application to Dauchy 4 Co., 27 Park
111 Place. New York. Drop a postal tor it
1 |l aud always buy
007 ly Wes*

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