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VOLUME LXXVIX-NO. 30.
WINTER IN CHINA. The Chinese will celebrate New Year's j day this year with as much enthusiasm as they ever have in the past, notwithstand ing their terrible punishment by the Jap- | anese troops. The majority of the Chi nese people, in fact, hardly know tbat a war has been going on, and nothing could make them give.'up tbeir New Year's cele bration. It occurs later than ours, and comes on the edge of the spring. It is, however, the great festival ot the year, and it is a sort of Fourth of July, Christ mas, birthday and Sunday mixed up to geth-r. It is the birthday of the whole Chinese people. Every man, woman and child in the empire is a year older on New Year's day, and all trot about and wish each other "many happy re turns." It is the only Sunday that the Chinese have throughout the year. The working people labor from ten to twelve hours every day, and they put in thirty solid days every month. At New Year's all lay off for a rest, and for about two weeks they do nothing but call, eat and amuse themselves. For ten days before New Year's the country goes wild in prepara tion. The stores all have low prices and i new goods, and the bargain-counters are ' thronged quite as much as they are in ! America. Every one buys presents, and all who can get a new suit of clotbes for the occasion. Those who cannot buy, borrow or rent, and the Chinese on New Year's dress in satins, furs and silks. It is about the only day in the year when tbe whole Chinese people are comparatively clean. Every person is supposed to take a bath tbe day before, and this for the majority of the people is the only time they get bathed during the year. New Year's is the national pay day. All accounts must be -quared up at that time, and the roan who can't raise enough to pay his debts has to no into bankruptcy. The laws are such that the creditor can enter the debtor's house and take what he pleases if there is* no settlement, and fami lies club together and make all sorts of compromises lo keep up the business repu tation of the clan. I was in China just after New Year's this year, and I found lots of bankrupts, lt is a great day (or the pawnbrokers, and their shops are crowded with people who want to pay their debts and redeem their best clotbes in order to get them out of pawn before New Year's. There are crowds who want to pawn other things in order to get money to pay their debts, and the Chinese probably patronize tbe pawnshops at this time of tbe year more than any other people in the world. Pawnbrokers receive very high rates of Interest and they are protected by tbe Government. Speaking of bankrupts, they are not permitted to begin business again until some settlement is made, and when 1 wanted to buy some. pictures in Shanghai X was told that the artist who kept tbem was a bankrupt and tbat be could not open until be got more money. The Chinese paint their whole country red, figuratively speaking, on New Year In more senses of the word than one. Red is the color with them which denotes good luck and prosperity, and all the New Year's cards and invitations are on paper of this color. Every child gets its New Year's present wrapped in red paper, and red inscriptions are pasted over the doors of tbe bouses. These inscriptions bear characters praying for good fortune, wealth and happiness, and they are posted on each side of the outer doors of the houses. New pictures of Chinese generals are put on the front doors and tbe houses are scoured and made clean. Among other things eggs are dyed red and offered to the gods, and dinner parties are gotten up in bright vermilion. Tbe red used is that which you find around our firecrackers, and the Chinese spend more in firecrackers on New Year's than we do on the Fourth of July. The. night before everyone is firing off packs of firecrackers, and there all sorts of fireworks, including birds and fishes and scenes of. all kinds in tire. The fire crackers are nsed to scare off the evil spirits, and hardly any one goes to bed tbe last night of the old year. The Chi nese say that the man who sits up tbe last night of the old and sees the first sun rise of the new year for ten years in suc cession will certainly have a long life, and there are all sort of New Year's supersti tions. • , The children of China all expect to get something on New Year's, and they gener ' ally receive presents of money in the shape of copper cash, wrapped in red paper. On the last night of the year they run through the streets, shouting out good resolutions for the next. One says, "I want to sell my laziness," and another says, "I am ready to sell my folly, in order tbat I may be wiser next year." They, go out with tbeir fathers to make New Year's calls, and where families can afford it, they give tbeir children new clothes in honor of the occasion. They carry lanterns through tbe streets, and they have balloon-like fishes of paper, wbicb are tied to sticks over their houses in honor of the occasion. All men who have had children during the year buy lanterns and hang them up in sign of rejoicing over their good luck. There are games of all sorts, and many of the boys come out with new kites. There Is dancing in the streets, and there are jug glers and dime-museum shows and all forts of theatrical entertainments. The people have festivals and there are family reunions. The rivers are covered with oiled paper, which is set on fire, and the harbors become flaming masses. Every where there are shrines, with burning joss nicks before tbem, and the people fairly _„ wild. All people receive visitors on New , Year's day, and the relatives who call are 'taken into the ancestral hall, and they. . worship tbe ancestors of the family. After this the young people go in and pay • hom age to their parents and elder brothers, and then go to their schoolmasters and teachers. The Emperor has a New Year's reception in Peking, and it may be that the foreigners will be received this year, although they have not been in the past The Emperor sits on the dragon throne, and the princes and nil the officers go in and get down on their knees and bump their beads on the ground before bim. The day after New Year's the officials all go the temples -to c worship, and for about ten days afterward there are all sorts of Year's ceremo nies. Tbe second day is called ladles' day and if the weathei is good the women go out into the; country to picnics. They dress in tbe brightest of silks, their faces are painted in honor of the occasion and their little feet are in costly shoes. Tbey wear a great many ciothes, and it Is wadded cotton and not coal and wood that keeps China warm. The winter is now at its worst in the Chinese Empire and the whole northern country is frozen up solid. This means a great deal more there than it does here. The rivers wbicb form the only means of travel outside of dirt roads are frozen up, and Peking, the capital, is shot off trom tbe rest of the world for four months of the year. It is reached by the winding Peilio River, which flows into the Yellow Sea nc r the Taku torts. Tientsin is fifty miles inland, and this is a city of 1,000,000 people. Peking is about eighty miles north of It, and the only conveyances are rude Chinese carts. Letters which go to Peking in the winter have to travel overland sev eral hundred miles after they reach China, and they first go to Shanghai and are car ried by pony express. Nearly all the northern Chinese dress in sheepskin during the winter, and coats of this kind and jackets and pantaloons of quilted cotton make up their clothes. The colder it gets the more garments they put : on, and a girl who, in the winter, looks like the fat woman of the circus may slowly fade into the ethereal type ot the living skeleton as she sheds jacket after jacket when the warm weather ap proaches. Clothes of this kind cannot be washed, and those of the poorer classes are dirty in the ex re me. The richer peo ple wear magnificent garments of wadded silk lined with fur, and I saw one man's wardrobe which contained at least $1000 worth of costly fur garments. The furs used are of all kinds, and you can get magnificent cloaks of Thibetan goat, such as our ladies use for opera cloaks, for about $10 in gold. They have tine sables, but they are costly, and a number of Li Hung Chang's nobles bad silk gowns lined with mink. The fur markets of China are as fine as any in the world. There are long streets in Tientsin which are filled with furstores, and there is a square in Peking which is devoted to a fur market Every morning about 4 o'clock you may find there several hundred wholesale fur-dealers with their goods spread' out on the ground, and you can buy all sorts of skins, from tbe cheapest of squirrels to the finest of seals. There are lots of second-hand-fur stores, and old furs are bought and cleaned ana resold. The Chinese do not use fire to keep warm, and it is only in the rarest of in stances that you will find well-heated houses. Fuel is remarkably scarce, and everything is carefully saved. I saw hun dreds of women pulling up stubble and gathering straw and old weeds in order to make fires, and one of the chief businesses along the Yang-tse-Kiang is the cutting the reeds which grow on the low shores and tying them op in bundles to be car ried into tbe cities for sale. I saw no iron stoves in China, and the rooms which they pretended to beat were furnished with what are called kangs. These are ledges or platforms of bnck about two feet high, which fill one side of the room. They are heated by flues, and a fire of straw is started under tbem, and is kept burning until the bricks are hot. The people sleep on the kang, but the trouble I found with them was that when they were fired up they roasted me, and as soon as the fire went out the kang became as cold as a stone. I slept on them many nights dur ing my interior trip, and was continually afflicted with a cold. Had tbe fuel been wood or coal they might be better, but witb straw they were worse than no fires at all. Tbe stoves of China are usually of clay, and charcoal is largely used for cook ing. There is said to be coal in nearly all parts of the empire, but only a little is carried on the backs of camels, and I saw many coal merchants who sold nothing but coal dust Tbey mixed the powdered coal with dirt, and molded it up into lumps of about the size and shape of a baseball. It was sold by the basket and it brought high prices. • Still, China has some of tbe largest coal fields in tbe world, and a German geologist who has examined into the matter says tbat the extent of the workable coal beds of China Is greater than that of any other country. There is coal right near Hankow, wbich is now being used in the making of iron, and every province in the empire is said to have coal in it. There is, however, only one mine which is being operated on anything like scientific principles. This is at Ton g Shan, about eighty miles from Tien tsin, and tbe Chinese have been mining about 2000 tons of coal a day here for years. I visited the works last, sum mer and took a look at the miners. They receive about 63 cents a week, or 9 cents a day, and the mines pay very well. The coal is bituminous, and it is about the only source of supply which China had during the trouble with the Japanese. The ; rail road runs right through this region, and it was first built to carry tbts coal to the sea. There is said to be good anthracite coal in the hills near Peking, and when China is covered ■' with railroads coal will be the cheapest of fuels. I was surprised at the way tbe richer Chinese suffer from the cold. I almost froze during my talk with Ll Hung Chang, and be wore 5 a ; fur gown during ' my 'In terview. : In soma of the ■' Chinese homes wbich I visited there were little bowls of charcoal In the best rooms, but there were no ' signs of open )' fires ;■•■ anywhere, an d the Chinese know nothing of the joys of the fireside. Tbeir buildings have many The Morning Call. SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 30, 1894. draughts, and the windows and doors sel dom fit well. When they get out of order, they are allowed to remain so, and nearly all of tbe old bouses are shabby and de lapidated. I took a trip over the great plain from Peking to the mountains of Mon golia on tbe edge of the winter, and I nearly froze to death in the hotels. During this time I passed many of the Mongolians riding on the great woolly camels which are common to north China, and which you find, I think, nowhere else in the world. These camels have wool about a foot long, and it bangs down in great fringes from their necks and their bellies. They have two humps, and are usually of a tan color. The Mon gols upon them were all dressed in furs, and both men and women wore panta loons. Both sexes rode astride, and they were very insolent and rough in their greetings. They are dirty and greasy, and they eat all sorts of fats. They carry great quantities of brick tea from Peking into Mongolia, and they make a tea soup which they strengthen with mutton tallow. Some of them have on robes of sheepskin with the wool of the sheep turned inward, and these fall from their necks to their ankles. They wear shaggy fur caps with earlaps, and they sometimes put their feet into bags of wolfskin, or other fur, to keep out the cold. A great deal of sympathy is being wasted on the Japanese soldiers who are I now in China. Many suppose that they | have come from a warm country, and that j they cannot stand the rigors of a Chinese I winter. There never was a greater mis i take. Japan is a land of many climates. If I remember correctly, the country is ! about thirteen hundred miles long from | one end of it to the otber, and the north is | very cold in the winter. You find snow I all over central and northern Japan, and I Tokio has severe snowstorms. Tbe cli j mate of Japan is soft, and a damp cold is much more trying than the dry cold sucb as ycu find in China and Korea. The Japanese are used to cold weather, and the daily batbs which they take prevent them from taking cold easily. They are well hardened, and I have seen men in Japan trotting about in their bare feet in the snow. They have made good provision against the climate, and if tbey carried out the policy which the army had when It entered Korea, they probably have their iuel with them. During the i first part of the Korean invasion they car ried shiploads of wood from Japan for cooking their rice. Tbe wood was done up in bundles just large enough for a coolie to carry, and they took a lot of coolies along to transport the fuel. Korea in win ter is much* like some of our Northern States, save that its cold is dry, and the sky Is usually clear. The houses are heated by flues which run under the floor, and the people of the Korean capital are, on the average, much more comfortable than those of any Chinese city. They wear more clotbes than the Chinese, and a Korean's winter stockings are about two inches thick, and they are made of wadded cotton.. There are good coal mines near Ping Yang, and after the war troubles are thoroughly settled these will probably be developed. Copyright, 1894. AN INTERNATIONAL STAMP. Probably no agitation regarding reforms in the postal system of the world has bad such deep interest to those whose bobby consists of the accumulation of . th** thou sands of different varieties of postage stamps as that which looks to the adoption of an International postage stamp. The subject is not a new one to the countries comprising the Universal Postal Union, as it bas been up for discussion before. It is a matter Involving so many complications,' however, that it may yet be many years before it becomes an actuality; but that It will eventually become so is the firm belief of those who have given the matter the deepest consideration. • Under the present convention between the countries of the Universal Postal Union tbe international is fixed at 5 cents per Quarter ounce, or the nearest equiva lent In the coinage and weight of foreign countries. There are some who assert that a uni versal postage stamp is a virtual Impossi bility, : unless there is a precedent condi tion of international coinage. The reason assigned for this view .3 ■ that if there is ; even, the slightest discrepancy between the values of tbe' relative coins of the countries which adopt the International postage stamp there will be a decided tendency to purchase the stamps in the country where the relative value of the current coin is least, thus working a hard ship and injustice to all the other coun tries. How this obstacle Is to be over come has not yet been fully developed, though various means have already been submitted and discussed. ' y The last time- the: matter was seriously considered was in 1891 at the Vienna Uni versal Postal Congress, when the United States fe submitted : a plan v for an inter national stamp. This was the first detailed scheme brought to the notice of the Uni versal Postal Congress, which' is the body that legislates for the government of tbe international postal system. It was left for final action to the Washington Pcsial Congress, which body meets at our national capital in 1897, but, the matter is even now attracting much attention in the more important countries concerned. Captain N. M. Brooks, superintendent of the United States Foreign Mall Service, is reported as saying that the matter will form one of the m st interesting subjects to be discussed at the coming Postal Con gress, and that some action is certain to be taken. Tbe delegates composing the con gress have full authority to act for their respective Governments, and if the matter is brought to a satisfactory termination treaties will be signed, which will continue in force for five years. Quite recently the American Consul at Ghent made public the fact thai Germany had placed a proposition before; other Postal TJnion countries for the* adoption of an international postage stamp. There is every likelihood tbat some of the Euro pean countries will adopt such a stamp, and strong hopes are entertained that the United States will also enter into such an agreement One of the principal reasons urged for this innovation is the convenience result ing in communication between- merchants in different countries. Firms in one coun try have frequent occasion to write to those in other countries for certain Infor mation, and are obliged to depend upon the generosity of comparative strangers not only for the information desired but for payment of postage on the reply, un less the former provided themselves with the current postage stamps of the country to which the letter was addressed, a mat ter of considerable, difficulty at best and most frequently an impossibility. Another great advantage is cited In con nection with Consuls, who receive many letters of inquiry from the residents of the country they represent, but which never includf return postage, owing to the In convenience of procuring the necessary stamps. It is also announced that the German Minister of Posts has designed a suitable stamp and formulated a plan for its adop tion. It is expected that the proposed stamp will mention on its face all coun tries in which it will be current, also its value in the currency of each such coun try, though the details of the design are still maintained a secret. If this idea is carried out the stamp, it is believed, will be considerably larger than those now generally in use, especially if any addi tional inscriptions are to be made and ap pear in legible form. Among the firmest believers in and strongest advocates of an international stamp is Postmaster-General Blssell. ' who hopes to see it adopted in this country. An international stamp will also be a great convenience to those desiring to re. Mit small amounts to foreign countries. Correspondents will thus be furnished an easily available and inexpensive means of exchange. Should this departure go into operation It may be the stepping-stone to a system of international coinage. ?; "i Many stamp collectors view the idea askance, as they fear it will result in tak ing .away, the charm (of collecting "by eventually confining the varieties of stamps to a very limited number, as the fascination of stamp-collecting, as in all other kinds of collecting, lies not so much In actual possession as in the pursuit of 'the objects sought for. These undoubtedly lose sight for the moment of the immense field that already exists for the philatelists in the many thousands of different stamps issued since tbe one-penny black of Great Britain became their precursor. And, again, while there is scarcely a doubt that we shall shortly have an international stamp there is little probability that all countries will adopt it. ENGLISH MAIDS OF HONOR. Her Majesty Finds It No Trouble to Supply Vacancies. The Queen of England Das no difficulty in supplying vacancies in the ranks of the young women whom she selects to be her companions. They are always the daugh ters of peers who, if not themselves con nected with the royal household, are per sonal friends of the Queen. A letter is sent to the parents of the young woman selected requesting the favor of her attendance at court, and the request is never re fused. The social cachet Is absolute, the salary is $1500 a year, and, though ex istence is dull in court circles, It is endur able in the light of its ulterior advantages. When an Honorable Miss or a Lady Somebody arrives for her first "wait" she receives at once her badge as maid of honor. This is a miniature picture of the Queen set ln brilliants, wbicb she wears hung from a ribbon. Her duties are not severe— there *> would be less ennui prob ably if there were more to do— and con sist chiefly in being on hand if wanted. Just before the dinner hour the maid of honor in waiting stands in the corridor out side the Queen's private apartments to re ceive her as she comes out. Sbe carries a bouquet, which, on entering the dining room, she lays besides the Queeu's plate. Her lace at this meal is next to the gentle man on the Queen's right band, unless royal guests are present, when she is differently placed. ;.- After dinner, unless otherwise com manded, she retires to her own pretty apartments, but must be In readiness to answer a summons at any moment to go to the drawing-room to read, sin**, play the piano, or take a hand at cards. The Queen, by the way, is fond of cards, and a small stake Is always played for. Nor will the Queen touch any but freshly coined money, so such members of the household as play with her have to be provided with coin that has never been in circulation. ..The maid of honor usually makes a brilliant marriage, and the Quean sends her a wedding present of an Indian shawl out of the perennial stock.— Louis Republic. A Few Gems. • We give below a few gems culled from the works of Ponson dv Terrall: * "Her hand was cold like that of a ser pent." '■ .. . '"•' "The Countess was about to reply when a door opened and closed ber mouth." " 'Ha, ha!' he exclaimed in Portuguese." "The colonel ' paced backward and for ward, with his bands behind' bis back, reading tbe newspaper." "At tbis sight '] the negro's face grew dreadfully pale." : "The man was dressed in a velvet jacket and in pants of the same color."— Figaro. ,'..-:..' ; IV ", . Rider Haggard Solomon'- Mines" is the most widely read novel in England. A German scientist has succeeded in propogating sponges artificially. Gen. Beale And His Mule. Away back In the early fifties, when not a settlement broke the monotony of the vast level plains of the San Joaquin Valley all the way from Stockton down to Visalia, when not a furrow had been turned or a tree planted in all that great expanse, where now are many prosperous cities and towns, fruitful orchards and vineyards, golden grain fields and lush al falfa pastures, tens of thousands of acres in extent, General "Ned" Beaie elected to make his home in one of the most remote and out-of-the-way nooks of the entire State— Fort Tejon. It is a lonely spot even now, with railroads traversing the valley, and with a teeming populace where once naught could be seen of life save the swarmiug jackrabbit, his sworn enemy, the coyote, and an occasional aud always weary traveler. What must it have been forty years ago, when there was not a single settlement in all that immense stretch from Tejon down the valley to Stockton, . upward of 300 miles away? Beautiful though the Tejon Canyon un doubtedly Is, attractive though It be to the man weary of the din of city life, yet it Is difficult to Imagine what inducement could have been strong enough, outside ot offi cial duty, to have persuaded such a man as tbe general to bury himself so far from OLD MEYER WAS FOUND LYING DEAD UPON THE FLOOR. all civilized human society and away from all the advantages and comforts of mod ern life. Yet bury himself be did, and though his life was almost daily threat ened with danger, yet he seemed to enjoy it, and passed through the most thrilling and threatening adventures with tbe great est sang froid, and seemed rather to enjiy experiences which would have made any ordinary man's hair turn gray prema turely. \/; Those were the days of Joaquin Muri etta and Vasquez, who held the passes from the great valley of the San Joaquin, and the bones of many a man who was the victim of their greed and bloodthirsty brutality are yet hidden away in the mountain fastnesses that were once the lair of these robbers, awaiting the last great summons which shall reveal every secret thing. These bandits and a host lite them made tbe life of every one who was obliged to -come within their purview a burden to its possessor, and only tbe utmost craft and sleepless vigilance saved many a life which had been marked for destruction by these merciless and soul less murderers, who frequently took human life apparently simply for the very lust of blood. General Beaie had many a narrow es cape during his life at Tejon, but one of the narrowest of all, when he owed his continued existence to the merest chance, or rather a happy foresight, is the one which lam about to relate. It certainly was only due to his Immense sagacity and Intimate acquaintance with the habits of the gentry of 'the Vasquez stripe that pre vented him from sharing the bloody fate of tbe poor inoffensive chap whose sole offense was that he had entertained, the general at supper and furnished food for his saddle animal.. It was frequently necessary for the "general," as he was always known, to make journeys to and -from Tejon and San Francisco, and on some of these trips he was obliged to carry no inconsiderable amounts of gold with him. -There were no stages and ;no : Wells-Fargo "shotgun mes sengers" in that part of the Stat**, and hence in transporting such sums he had to rely solely upon. his. own. address' and ingenuity In baffling those who would not for a moment allow even the sheddit.g of human blood to stand between them and the acquisition of . the objects of their un holy greed. J These trips were nearly always made alone and on horseback, or rather mule back, for General Beaie was the possessor of a fine saddle animal of that race "with neither pride of ancestry nor hope of pos terity." yet which possesses singular traits of intelligence "and an endurance of the most., marvelous ; character. i* ''Beaie and hi* mule" were, in fact, as > familiar in bis part of tbe State as "Frank Pixley arid bis mule" were in San -Francisco at almost a contemporary eriod. "Manuel," ;as his long-eared favorite was named, was of ex ceptional intelligence, and 'his owner used solemnly to affirm that the animal pos sessed more real "horse (or mule) sense" tban many a biped who affected to despise him. Once upon a time it befell that the gen eral was obliged to carry a large amount of coin from San Francisco to Tejon. He traveled by way of Stockton from "the bay," and at the . former place began the remainder of his journey upon his mule, which he had ridden to the Slough City on his last trip up from Tejon, strik ing out for Visalia with bis golden burden securely packed in his saddle-bags. In some mysterious manner, though be had used every effort to keep tbe nature of his errand a secret, the fact became known that the general was carrying a large sum of money with bim, and subsequent de velopment* showed that a plot bad been laid to rob and, If necessary, murder him. He reached Visalia late in the afternoon of the second day and went at once to the hotel where it was customary for him to stop. There his watchful eye soon saw that he was observed with suspicious scru tiny by a number of men, whose general appearance was anything but prepossess ing. These men were total strangers to him, but a few minutes' observation showed that they were taking careful note of everything he said and every move he made. Hence be was not altogether un prepared when the landlord, who was a stanch friend, contrived to see him In pri vate for a minute and informed him in a whisper that be felt sure that there was a plot of some sort on foot to waylay and rob and possibly murder him. The general did not manifest any par ticular anxiety over tbe information, but without a moment's- hesitation evidently formulated a plan to defeat tbe plotters and hastily gave the landlord an idea of what he proposed to do. He then appar ently dismissed tbe whole thing from bis mind and lounged about the hotel for some time, smoking and chatting and assuring himself that he was indeed being watched for some ulterior purpose. He was com pletely satisfied on this score when a man who had sought conversation with him, but who was a total stranger, after a min ute or two of rather forced and trivial chat, asked bim point blank what time he ex pected to start for home in the morning. He replied that as he had bad a hard jour ney and felt very tired he meant to have a good night's rest and should probably take a late start on the following day. Indeed, in the presence of several of the men who he believed belonged to the gang of conspirators he instructed the landlord not to awaken bim in the morning, but to bave ."Manner" fed and cared for so that he should be all ready for an immediate start whenever he chose to arise. _ Finally, after a sufficient period had elapsed after supper, the general with a yawn said that he was very sleepy and asked to be shown to his room. This was done, the landlord performing the service and at once returning to the office, where some of the suspicious characters were still lingering, doubtless to arrange their nefarious plans for the morrow. But the general was too old a band at such things to be caught napping. He allowed sufficient time to elapse after reaching bis room to permit himself to disrobe and retire. Then he blew out tbe light, took off his boots, and after listening at tne bedroom door to make sure that there was no one on watcb, 'opened it cautiously, found the passage was clear, and with bis precious saddlebags stole quietly out the back door, and made bis way safely to the stable. . The hostler had been sent on some errand by the landlord, as suggested by Beaie to guard against bis being in league with the conspirators, when told of the plot that was suspected, and hence there was no one in the place to witness his pro ceedings. He hastily saddled' bis faithful but doubtless astonished beast, which had manifestly made : up ; his mind to enjoy a good night's feed and rest, and leading him noiselessly out of the stable, which happily opened in a direction opposite 'to tho hotel door, he mounted bim and was soon out of town and beaded for the south without his sudden departure having been noticed,' as be believed, by any one. As subsequent * events proved, however, his flitting must have been learned by the plotters within a few hours ■ after be left They either went to his room with the design of robbing him there, or else learned by examining the stable that bis mule, and therefore himself, bad taken a sudden and secret departure. 'The rest of the night aud all the next day he rode, keeping a close watch on tho trail behind him, and toward, nightfall he reached the crossing of the Kern River not far from where the town of Bakersfieid PRICE ' FIVE CENTS. now stands. Here there was a little sta tion or store, kept by an old man named Myers, with whom Beaie frequently re mained over night when journeying to and from Tejon. When he rode up on the present occasion his arrival was hailed with pleasure by Myers, who expected, of course, that he would stay for the night, as it was yet thirty miles or more to his destination. But to his surprise, the traveler said that he would halt only just long enough to eat some supper and give his mule a feed, and then he must push on homeward. So Myers hasteued his supper prepara tions, while Beaie loosened bis mule's sad dle, removed the bridle, and allowed Manuel to graze on the luxuriant grasses that grew thickly all along the river bot tom. As soon as he had eaten his supper and smoked a cigarette tbe general cinched and bridled the. mule, bade Myers good night, and then struck out homeward. He only went two or three miles, however, when be drew aside into a convenient clump of timber, went some little distance from tbe trail, unsaddled and staked out Manuel, wrapped himself in his blankets, and was soon fast asleep. Early in the morning he was in the saddle again, and tbe now refreshed animal carried him in a few hours to bis destination. Late in the afternoon, greatly to his astonishment, a party of his friends from Visalia, mounted on horses that were completely fagged out and looked as if ridden almost to death, rode up to the fort, and when he appeared on the scene to welcome them loud were their expres sions of astonishment and hearty their greetings. In fact they appeared to regard him as one almost returned from the dead and whom they had never expected to greet in tbe flesh again. In a few words they explained the reason for their unex pected visit and for ibeir astonishment. Several hours after bis departure from Visalia the evening previous the landlord in some way found out that the conspira tors bad ascertained the fact of his secret flitting and bad hastily saddled up and set out on bis trail. He at once aroused a number of Beale's warm friends and told them what be feared. A posse was hastily organized and took tbe road after the robbers. They followed hot on the trail, expect ing at every canyon and ravine to find some trace that would tell them that tbe general had been overtaken and mur dered. But tbey found nothing until they reached the crossing of the Kern River. No sooner bad they ridden up to Myers' store tban tbey saw at a glance that the bandits had been there before them. Tbe little establishment was a scene of tha direst confusion. It had been ransacked from top to bottom and all the most val uable goods carried off. In one corner lay the body of the poor old. Inoffensive man, almost backed to pieces with . knife wounds. He had evidently been awakened from sound sleep by bis murderers, for be was clad only in bis night clothes, just as he must have jumped from bed in answer to what be doubtless thought was the peaceable summons of some belated and hungry traveler, but which proved to be his death warrant The murderers were of course gone, and bad left not a trace of their identity far ther tban their wanton and brutal murder of the old man testified to their character. Naturally supposing that Beaie bad passed the night at Myers' the party made a thorough search for bis body or for some trace tbat might discover bis fate, but were unsuccessful. They finally concluded that the bandits must bave taken bim off into tbe swampy forest and there done him to death, where tbey could readily secrete his body. So, with heavy hearts and mourning sin cerely over the supposed death of their friend, they decided to push on to Tejon, to give warning of what they believed had been the bloody fate of the general and to obtain needed rest and refreshment for their beasts and themselves, prior to con tinuing the search for the murderers. Overpowering, then, was their astonish ment when tbey rode into Tejon to bave the supposed dead man welcome tbem before they even alighted, and great was their rejoicing over the safety of tbeir friend. _ ..-.'-•* .'.-. ■- - - '_> ■■■ *-*•* y ■*.■■' j**g ■' No trace of tbe murderers of poor Myers was ever found, and the inhuman crime was never directly atoned for, though It is more tban likely that the perpetrators of the brutal and uncalled-for butchery met their deserved fate in some way or other. <AS] '.-'-' G. F. W. The Chaplain in the Senate. While a group of Senators the otber day were discussing the reorganization of the Senate, a number of Senators expressed the belief that the blind chaplain, Rev. Dr. Milburn, would retain his position. "It would be a pity to supplant him," said a Western Senator, "for then we would have no one to tell tbe Lord the news every morning." "That reminds me," remarked an older Senator, ''of a chaplain we used to have here during the war. He was then, and is now, I believe, a pastor in this city. He bad a way, like Dr. Milburn, of incorporating into bis prayers all the latest news cut of the moru iug papers, but he went further. He used to advise the Lord what to do and what not to do, especially in relation to the . operation bf the Union armies. Well, one morning, after he bad been particularly generous with his advice, old Senator Saulsbury of Delaware offered a resolu tion. It gravely recited the practice of the chaplain, and added: 'And be it fur ther resolved, That the Lord is bereby allowed to do as be pleases, notwithstand ing the advice given him by the Chaplain of the Senate.' Of course the resolution was not passed, but it taught the aspiri'-g chaplain a lesson."— Washington Post Going Too Far. "When 1 was at Uncle Clover's farm last summer," said Mrs. Suaggs, "he told me that he bad bis cows and borses in sured." -* "Yes," replied Mr. Snaggs, "livestock insurance is quite a common thing." "Well, I think the insurance of animals is being carried too far." "What makes you think so?" "I saw something in the newspaper about wildcat insurance companies."— Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph. In proportion to the population France has more money in circulation than any other country. In France It averages $40 56 per capita, in the United States $24 34, and in England and Germany $18 42. Railway accidents are so rare in Hol and that an average of only one death a year results from them throughout the entire country.