'fhB gannectinlit gitizen.
Published weekly by th Coxnrctictt Citizen
Association, of Rlugenld, Connecticut, on
every 8 a turd ay.
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Of New York.
For I ' ice-P res i den t,
Adlai . Stevenson,
ELECTORS AT LARGE.
E. C. Benedict, of Greenwich.
E. K. Hubbard, of Middletown.
1st Dist. Wilbur B. Foster, Vernon.
2(1 ' Emsha Lea vex worth, Water
bury. .11 ' Thomas Mablow. Brooklyn.
4th " -David M. Head, Bridgeport.
4 tit Dist. Robert E. DForest. Bridge
port. S PATE T1CKBT.
Lrzox B; Morris, New Haven.
Ernest Cady, Hartford.
Secretary of State,
John J. Phelan, Bridgeport,
Marvin H. Sanger, Canterbury.
Nicholas Staub, New Milford.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1K92.
With this issue The Cowixtkxt
Citizen begins its battle on behalf ot
the farmers, mechanics and labor
ing classqfrof Western Connecticut in
favor dy lower tariff taxation, purer
politics ami just state representation.
Its aims are not mercenary and it
will consider the expense of publica
tion well invested if it succeeds in con
vincing its readers of the truth and
correctnes's of the doctrines it advo
cates. Many of our citizens are labor
ing under a misapprehension of facts
regarding the issues involved in the
approaching election, and The C itizen
proposes to show them the true state
of the facts, feeling assured that if
these are correctly understood, there
will be a tremendous revolt against the
leaders of the Republican party in its
own ranks. We instance the conver
sion of Judges Gresham and Cooley
and Mr. MacVeagh set forth in another
The farmers are finding it- harder
than ever to make a living and the
mechanics are no better off than they
were four years ago, in spite of the
promises of the Republican party.
The Citizen proposes to explain why
k this is so.
lt intends to present to the citizens
of "Ridgefield and the neighboring
towns the burning political questions
of to-day from the standpoint of I heir
own interests and welfare and ii en
couraged in its efforts by the support
of the Cleveland and Stevenson Cam
paign Club of Ridgefield.
It will attempt to give the whole
truth and will not hesitate to .ill a
spade a spade. It believes that pro
tection of the classes is a robbw7 f
the masses and does not 'hesi
tate to say so. It prints to-day .'what
some leading Republicans said of the
tariff question before the Rept'o ican
party was forced to breed millionaires
to furnish fat for their campaign
... A i '
It invites ( '.MV.ii.iriV-ii.ions fromVery
fair-minded citizen and will encour
ag my open discussion of, political
qu .-n.,"'. It most especially invites
attent. .-.i to the correspondence in an
other column, which shows the desire
of th'leveland and Stevenspn club
U'Tiave a joint debate m Ridfetiekl
on the tariff question and State issues.
It aims to secure not only the sup
port of all INfflocrats. but of all tl '..ink
ing men whose titienl opinions are
based on facts and ltoio. and while it
does not despairof inlluVu ingthe n.ost
determined Republican it 'nr es
more especially to reach the younger
men who are yet open to convicnon,
and is confident that it can preseir. to
them facts and logic that will convince
them of the wisdom and soundness
of the Democratic principles of to-uay.
YOUNG MKN IX POLITICS
The renomination of Gov. RusHeil,
last week, gives an instructive md
encouraging lesson to all young n en
of brains and property, who are inter
ested in their country's politics for
their country's good. Less than a
decade ago a number of the you'ng
democrats of Massachusetts chose W:m.
E. Russell as their standard beatej
and nominated him as the candid;; te
for governor of the state. They then
formed a state organization and com
menced a campaign ofeducation.
They defined clearly the issues at
stake and by means of club;; bv the
distribution of literature bv speeches
and joint debates went on vigorou ;lv
in their work of eleating the politics
of the state and making convert; to
their way of thinking. Their cxndi
date was defeated, but nothing dauat
ed they strengthened and enlaned
their organization-and for a second,
time nominated Mr. Russell. Again
he was defeated but by such a re
duced majority that it became' evicUnt
to the minds of all thai their work vas
producing the desired effect. Si-xe
then Gov. Russell has been twice non
mated and twice elected by increas
ing majorities, and the vital question
which now interests Massachusetts and
the whole country, is not whether he
will win the rubber and be re-elected,
but whether hi? name and the princi
ples which he and his faithful followers
have so valiantly advocated will swincr
the electoral vole of Massachusetts
into the Democratic column for tV
first time since the last war.
Connecticut can be won in this same.:
manner. There are presented to t.ie j
voters of this State to-day Lsues of the
greatest importance pertaining to both
the nation and the commonwealth.
Burning questions affecting the liber
ties, the morals and the welfare of our
people ! Questions that ought to
arouse the interest and the energies
of every intelligent, and public-spirited
man who is patriotic and humane !
Our system of misrepresentation, our
antiquated constitution, the improper
use of money in elections, the tco
nornic welfare of our state and of its
citizens as affected by the present
tariff, the removal of our manufac
tories to the West to obtain cheaper
coal and iron than can be had in Con
necticut under the McKinley tariff,
the depreciation of farm values, the
abandonment of farming lands, 'die
depopulation of our rural districts, and
the increasing number of farmers' wives
in our insane asylums, all cry out to
the disinterested patriotic and humane
thinkers of both parties for remedial
legislation. We have not so great a
majority to overcome as existed in
Massachusetts when Gov. RusselJ first
became their standard bearer, but
success will be full as difficult for the
reason that Connecticut is known to
be such a close state, which leads to
the sending of large sums of money to
the State from outside sources to
carrv the election in the interests of
those wiiose pockets are protected by
the present condition of our laws.
but success is possible, for truth will
prevail in the end.
We urge the young men of Connie
ticr.t to arouse. Lear in mind what
has been done in the old Hay State,
cast aside all self-seeking and personal
interests, and band together for purer
politics, for better laws, for statesman
like rulers, and for the1 tood of 'our
errand old Commonwealth.
THE TIDAL WAVE.
Tiie independent men of brains are
yielding to the logic of events and
becoming Democrats We proudly
chronicle the conversion of Judge
Gresham who was a Union generjj
in the late war. and was Postmaster
General under President Arthur,
and came near being the Re
publican nominee for President in
iSS.S, and who is considered the ablest
United States judge in the West ; of
Judge Cooley, who is the best authority
on United States Constitutional law,
and was appointed by Pres. Harrison
chairman of the Inter-state Commerce
Commis sion ; if Wayne MacVeagh who
was United States Attorney-general
under Garfield ; and of Henry A.
Meyer the Republican ex-mayor of
Brooklyn, and others of lesser note.
Among the summer residents of
Ridgefield such men as James Morris,
Geo. N. Olcott, Jr., Henry E. Hawley,
John G. Perry, M. D., J. M. Crafts, J. M.
Andreini,Bache McE. Emmett, M. D.,
and Geo. W. Riggs. all of whom lnwe
been Republicans are now honorary
members of the C. ..V S. Campaign
Club and will vote for Cleveland.
Can the Republicans show a single
convert comparable to these?
The lor.de of events is inexorable
and irresistable and this year it is
Democratic. Such men as we have
just named are now rising to the sur
face, many quieter Republicans will
fellow their lead and together with the
solid impetus of Democratic unity and
enthusiasm bid fair to form a tidal
wave that will sweep over any Chinese
wall of protection and boodle the
Republicans can rear, and carry Mr.
Cleveland far over their heads into
the White House by the grandest
majority given any President in this
generation. When the waters subside
the Republican monopolists will be
found dead and rotting in the slime of
their own corruption
Just us this edition goes to press we are
informed that the halyards of the Cleve
land and Stevenson banner whose raising
by the Titicus boys we have descrbed on
our first page- have been cut and two
United Slates flags on the poles stolen.
The parties who did this despicable act
are known, and it is sufficient for the
present to say that they were not irrps
ponsible boys. Such actions will prove a
boomerang to the guilty parties and the
cause they attempt to represent . Honest
citizens will repudiate such deeds by their
HON. WALTER Q. GRESHAM.
Judge Gresham cannot, with propriety,
write a politiical opinion from the bench,
but has unequivocally declared him
self to several reporters in favor
of Cleveland ami Stevenson. He has
been a dissenter from the new Re
publican creed of "protection" for
some time. He could not accept the
nomination of the "Peoples' Party" be
cause of their foolish money planks, and
his knightly courageous and impartial
character has compelled him to declare
his honest convictions, regardless of con
sequences. He has recently expressed
himself against monopoly and class legisla
tion and stated his belief that the Re
publicans favored both, and to maintain
them, and to continue their power have
corrupted and debased the country. His
conversion almost assures Indiana to the
Democrats, where his famous "dinner pail
decision" against Jay Gould has given
him a large following.
HON. THOMAS M. COOLEY.
Kx-judgp Cooley is quite ill and unable
to write letters or see reporters but his
friends announce his adherence to the
Democratic party. The reason ma be
inferred from the quotation out of his
great work on "Constitutional limita
tions" which we publish on the first pace.
HON. WAYNE Mac VEAGH.
Mr. Wayne MacVeagh is not hampered
by judicial position or kept in enforced
silence by illness. In a letter written on
Oct. 4 to the Secretary of the Massachu
setts Reform Club he expresses his inten
tion to vote for Mr. Cleveland and says:
The average voter knows that free trade
is impossible in this country, for the con
clusive reason that the vast revenues now
required to meet the expenses of the gov
ernment will necessarily afford a far high
er degree of protection to our established
and prosperous manufactures than either
Alexander Hamilton or Henry Clay
thought desirable in the infancy of our
weak and struggling industries.
On the other hand, he knows as well that
no system of duties on imports, however
inequitable, can prevent our continued
growth in wealth, in manufactures and in
population, a growth due to the incom
parable gifts of Providence, the intelli
gence and energy of the people, and the
blessings of free institutions. I
find myself at present in general accord
with the Democratic party, and willing
to trust its course in the future. The in
sight, the courage, and the patriotism the
masses of the party exhibited in conipel
ing the nomination of Mr. Cleveland when
he was without a single office holder to
support his candidacy seem to me to de
mand that I should meet them in the same
spirit and act with them as Jong as thev
maintain that high standard of policy and
of administration. It is the more easy to
do so because the Republican party at
once embarked upon what I regard ns a
reckless and revolutionary policv, even
overturning all the safeguards of 'legisla
tion in the house of representatives in
their haste to pass the Force bill and the
McKinley bill, both, to my mind, unnec
essary and unwise measasu'res.
There is no pretense that the McKinley
bill is abandoned. No doubt it
greatly benefited a few interests, but cer
tainly it greatly oppressed many others.
Of the protected industries themselves,
many were then, as now. in far more
urgent need of free raw materials than of
higher protection, but with raw materials
on the free list the bill could not have
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