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GENERAL NEWS. .
United States. We learn from Washington that the President, if his kitchen council are to be believed, intends to act a livelier part than that of chief barnacle on the ship of State. We hear threatening murmurs among the barnacles, and Wash ington is as full of this barnacle gossip as a rocky shore at low water. "What are they going to do? Overturn Congress, Grant, the army, the people, and so forth? Something of this kind is evidently proposed. The statement that the President intends to take up arms against “ the sea of troubles” with which Congress confronts him appears to be reiterated in the letter of one of his confidential supporters. It is not so plain that by opposing them Mr. Johnson is going to end them. But the rumor that he intends to assert the amnesty doctrine to the uttermost, to carry constitutionality to a crisis, and to prorogue Congress, has some little color of authenticity. If the object of our Executive, as hinted by his letter-writer, be to die game, by all means let him die. But a late account altogether spoils the effect of “the pretty picture” so artistically drawn; for we are informed that “the friends of Andrew Johnson are becoming despondent. They say he lacks the courage to ‘play out his own game.’ ” Information has been received at Washington that General Schofield, commanding the district of Virginia, having com pleted the registration in that State, decided last week to issue an order for election, but suspended it upon information that the President would direct elections in all the Southern States on the same day. It is understood that Grant, learning these facts, directed Schofield to order the election if the laws had been complied with, and to-day Schofield ordered the election to take place on the 22d of February. This indicates that Grant is determined to direct the operations of the Dis trict Commanders, regardless of the President. The election in Maine has resulted in the success of the Republican ticket. Governor Chamberlain is re-elected by a majority of about 14,000 over Pillsbury, Democrat. Tbe reduction of the Republican majority was generally antici pated, owing to the apathy engendered by over-confidence and the liquor question, which was a prominent issue in the canvass. The returns, as far as received, indicate that there were at least 12,000 less votes polled yesterday than at the election a year ago. It is fair to suppose that nearly if not all of these non-voters were Republicans, who, feeling that their candidate was sure of his election, failed to do their duty at the polls. Of course the copper-Johnsonites will attempt to take comfort from the reduction of the Republican majority. Like drowning men, they catch at every wisp of 6traw that may chance to come along. Another account says that “official returns from 261 out of 487 cities, towns and plantations in Maine give Chamber lain, for Governor, a majority of 10,239 votes. The remain ing 226 towns and plantations in 1866 gave Chamberlain a majority of 4,349. Four counties—viz., Aroostook, Knox, Lincoln and York—out of sixteen, have gone Democratic, causing the Senate to stand 24 Republicans tv 7 Democrats, and the House of Representatives 58 Republicans to 14 Democrats. We quote the following from a daily cotemporary: The elections in all the States which choose Congressmen this fall (with the exception of vacancies to be filled in Ohio and per hops one or two other States) are now over, and the political character of the Fortieth Congress may accurately be determined. The following table showing the strength of the respective parties in the present Congress, as well as that which preceded it, will be of interest in view of the lusty rejoicing of the Democracy over their recent successes: 39th Congress. 40th Congress. States. Rep. Dem. Rep. Dem. California. 3 0 1 2 Connecticut.4 0 1 3 Delaware.0 1 0 1 Illinois.11 3 11 3 Indiana - -- --.9 2 8 3 Iowa.6 0 6 0 Kansas. 1 0 1 0 Kentucky. 2 7 0 9 Maine. 5 0 5 0 Maryland . ..-2 3 1 4 Massachusetts.10 0 10 0 Michigan. 6 0 6 0 Minnesota.2 0 2 0 Missouri.7 2 8 1 Nebraska. 1 0 1 0 Nevada - - -. 1 0 1 0 New Hampshire.3 0 3 0 New Jersey -.2 3 3 2 New York -.20 11 20 II Ohio.17 2 16 3 Oregon. 1 0 1 0 Pennsylvania.16 8 18 6 Rhode Island - -- -- -- -- 2 0 2 0 Tennessee - -- -. 4 4 8 0 Vermont. 3 0 3 0 West Virginia. 3 0 3 0 Wisconsin. 5 1 5 1 Total. 146 47 144 49 From this it will be seen that the total gains of the Democracy m the lower Hou^e of the Fortieth Congress, as compared with their strength in the Thirty-ninth, amounts to just two members, while the Republicans have lost as many. This leaves a Republican majority of 95 members—46 more than is needed to pass any bill by a two-thirds vote over the President s veto. This is upon the assumption that all the Democratic claimants from Kentucky should get their seats. Instead of blocking the wheels of Government, therefore, it U not probable that Mr. Johnson’s friends at the next session will have any appreciable influence upon legislation. This will be startling intelligence to those who, mistaking noise for numbers, have been led to the belief that the Democracy were in a fair way to obtain complete control of Congress, or at least sufficient strength to prevent the passage of biUs over the President’s veto. So much for the great “ Demo cratic reaction” about which we have read so much. A Washington letter to the New York Poet says: “ An officer of General Grant’s staff relates a conversation he had with the general a few dg^s ago, wherein the general remarked concerning the talk of making him President of the United States if the opportunity were offered, that he was no politi cian; that he hated politics; that, so far as reputation and honor were concerned, he thought he ought to be satisfied with what of these he already enjoyed; .that holding the office of President would mar his present comfort and drag him into the storms and excitement of politics; that as the general of the army he had all the work he could do, and time enough to enjoy the comforts of his family and home; and that he, as a soldier, had gained friends enough in the country without a place where he should gain no more, but probably lose those whom he had gained.” That blessed champion of liberty and loyalty, the Chicago Times, thinks that “these are very sensible conclusions for the general to reach, and he will be saved much worry, excitement and loss of friends and reputation if he will adhere to them. He could not with any degree of consist ency accept a nomination from the extreme radicals, and should he fugle with conservative republicans he will, as Mr. Greely predicts, “ fall into the hands of Thurlow Weed, as Oliver Twist into the hands of Fagin the Jew.” The New York World’s special says: “The Government has received intelligence that the radicals in Maryland con template the inauguration of a scheme at the election on the 18th instant, when the new State Constitution is to be sub mitted for ratification, which will surely lead to riot and bloodshed. Under the assumption that a colored man has as much right to vote in Maryland as he has in Virginia, the more desperate radical leaders in the former State are urging the colored men to present themselves at the polls and demand the right to vote on the new Constitution. The so-called Border State Convention, which assembled in Bal timore to-day, evidently means mischief in that direction. Prominent conservative citizens of the State have been here to-day, among them ex-Governor Pratt, conferring with officials on the impending troubles. The State authorities feel confident of being able to preserve the peace; but it is not improbable that Governor Swann will have to call on the General Government for aid, to be furnished in the man ner prescribed in the Constitution.” “The Democratic Revival.”—Under this head, the Chicago Times lias an elaborate article. Vallandigham is preaching in Ohio; more negroes and white Union men are being murdered in the South than for some time paBt; the number of fires in our principal cities is astonishingly on the increase, and Johnson is creating a general disturbance, removing everybody but himself. We hope the Times does not refer to any of these matters as either the cause or the result of “the Democratic revival.” Initiatory steps have been taken for a meeting of Radical governors of the Northern and Western States, either at Philadelphia or Washington, during the present month. In the West, where such a convention was first suggested, it seems to be in favor, and a private letter from Chicago says that Governors Fletcher, Oglesby and Crapo, together with John A. Logan, Congressmen Ferry, Brownell, Ingersoll, Judd and others were in that city talking the matter over on Tuesday last. None of the Eastern Radical governors, so far as known, have been written to on the subject, and Governor Fletcher has some doubts as to whether Governors Fenton, Geary and Bullock would attend such a gathering. The object is not stated, but it evidently relates to the impending crisis in the Republican party. The Indian Commission met in council at Fort Sully, Dakota territory, on 31st August. There were present about fifty Indians, representing nine tribes: Lower Brules, Lower Yanctonais, Two Kettles, Blackfeet, Minneconjoux, Uncpapas, Ogalallahs, Upper Yanctonais and Sansarcs, numbering in the aggregage—men, women and children—6,000. General Sanborn of the Commission stated the object of the council was to hear what they had to say in reference to their reser vations, annuities and all other matters in which they were interested. The chiefs and head men stated that they had considered the subject of the reservation, having sat up all night for that purpose, and concluded in council to select a reservation above Fort Sully, near the mouth of the Cheyenne river, to move upon it and do what they could towards plant ing and raising a crop. They depended upon the Government to assist them by a supply of implements, work cattle and seed; also, provisions sufficient to keep them until they could secure a crop. They were willing and anxious to work, to learn how to depend in future upon the soil, instead of the chase—to be farmers. They had cultivated small patches for years, but were compelled to use a stick and their bare hands to break up the ground and plant. Now, if the land could be broken for them and assistance rendered, they would work hard and gather in a heap of corn for themselves and their families, as well as for other Indians. All accounts agree in representing the red men as charitable one towards another, considering it a crime for one to accumulate property and hoard it up while others were suffering for it. They say the Great Spirit commands them to take care of the poor—and to be poor with them, if they have not enough to make them well off. If one member of a tribe sutlers, they all take an interest in him, and supply as well as they can his wants, killing their last war-horse, if necessary, for the purpose of feeding the hungry. A tribe, or band, is simply a family, over which a chief presides as a father. When presents are made to them, as a general rule—some exceptions, of course —all are equally divided among the members of the band. It is to be hoped that the result of the California election has taught the Union party, both in New York and through out the country, a wholesome lesson. It has taught us that we can never afford either to indulge in family quarrels or to nominate any other than an unexceptionable man. Party chicanery was allowed in California to effect a division in our ranks, and the enemy rushed in at the breach and beat us. Moreover, of the two Republican candidates for governor neither nad any real strength. The personal record ot one was not clear; the other had no record at all. The Demo cratic candidate, on the other hand, was a gentleman of the highest personal character. No wonder we were beaten. Now, let us take this lesson to heart, and make no more wicked blunders. The N. Y. Tribune says that “ in the frenzy of their joy at the election news from California, the Democrats fired off in the City Hall park some of the guns they omitted to fire at Fort Sumter.” The executive committee of the Illinois Editorial excursion to the Rocky Mountains lately met in Chicago. Present— Colonel S. G. Smith, president; W. W. Jones, James Shoaff, J. R. Bailey, W. R. Steele and A. W. Edwards. Colonel Smith, chairman of the committee of arrangements, agreeable to previous instructions, reported that the committee had made the necessary arrangements with railroad managers for transportation over the Chicago and Northwestern railroad and the Union Pacific railroad. The report was accepted, and there being no further business, on motion the committee was discharged. The following committees were then ap pointed : On Reception—The executive committee. On Music—James Shoaff and J. R. Bailey. On Trains, Trans portation and Sleeping Cars—W. R. Steele and A.W. Edwards. The chairman of the executive committee was instructed to issue a circular of invitation, which will be sent out as soon as printed. The chairman of the executive committee is instructed to correspond with the managers of railroads leading into Chicago, and request that holders of circulars be passed to and from Chicago free of charge for the excursion. The committee then adjourned to meet here Thursday, 27th inst., at three o’clock, p. m. General Griffin, the successor of General Sheridan, died at Galveston, on Sunday, 15th September, of yellow fever. The will of the late Bishop Timon has been admitted to probate in Buffalo. It disposes of about $10,000 in personal and $1,000,000 in real property, all of which it gives to the Church. A Vancouver paper jubilates loudly over “the new life and impulse” given to enterprise on the Northern Pacific coast by the American purchase of the Russian possessions. The Germans of New York are to build a hospital in that city for the sick and poor of their own nationality—a very proper thing for the Germans to do. It is asserted at Washington by the friends of Mr. Stan ton, that that gentleman said, at a dinner given him in Bos ton some days ago, that there never existed between him and General Grant any understanding in relation to his (Stanton’s) going out of the War Department; and further, that the first intimation that Mr. Stanton had of Grant’s becoming his successor, was Grant’s letter to him informing him that he had accepted the office. In this connection, it will be re membered, that at the time Mr. Stanton left the Department, it was given out in the newspapers that there was a perfect understanding between General Grant and Mr. Stanton on the subject long before the latter retired. The frauds in New York city, under the present rule, have been, and are, stupendous. Rankest corruption prevails. Besides, it is extended over the whole State. The Tribune says: “The leaders of the different ‘rings’ of the city of New York have had, for a long time, throughout the whole State, many important al lies, who are best described as ‘ wolves in sheep’s clothing.’ These are meek, honest, and plausible enough to the persons in their immediate localities, and have the reputation of being honorable men. They fill important village, town, and country offices, are Senators and Assembly men ; they have open and generous hands for all objects of charity; are keen, active, and energetic in all matters of local improvement, and strive to keep down the taxes of their constituents. Yet many of these persons, although they never seem to be in any very lucrative office or emplovment, always have plenty of money to invest in property, it may be somewhat of a wonder to many how these apparently honest local politicians accumulate their fortunes. Money don’t come from the clouds, nor is it all made in speculating in oil stocks or gold. The explanation isvery simple. These persons are directly or indirectly in the pay of the corrupt officials of thiB city ; they are either Senators or Assembly men, from the country districts, or are persons who make or unmake such officials, who act as they are told to act. The ‘rings’ of this city say to these gentlemen: ‘Have you not some relative or a friend who would like a good position in this city ? It will not be necessary for him to be here; but he can draw his salary all the same.’ In this manner the strings of power are extended over the whole State, and many of the public men of the country districts, who take good care to keep their records clean at home, are pecuniarily interested in the frauds of the metropolis.” Lieutenant Colonel Wood, Lieutenant Parker, and two surgeons on duty in New Orleans have been taken with yel low fever and are dangerously ill. The deaths from yellow fever on Saturday and Sunday, 14th and 15th September, are officially reported at 103. Greece. News from the Levant to the Greek Legation here, which was received to-day, states that the warlike preparations of the Greek Government are not abating. Irrespective of the two iron-clad frigates ordered in England, the Minister of Marine is said to have purchased another iron-clad there, which is to be equipped with five Armstrong guns of the most powerful caliber. The Greek crew of this latter vessel have already left for England. It is announced, on the same occasion, that part of the payment which America gives for Russian-Amer ica consists of six iron-clads. It is said that these iron-clads have passed the Straits of Gibraltar, and on their reaching the Piraeus, will be handed to the Russian Admiral, and manned with Russian crews, who have already arrived from the Black sea. The soldiers of the reserve of the Greek army, recently called out, will be divided into three camps, formed in the Morea, in Eastern Greece, and on the frontiers of Thessaly. The commanders of the camps are on the eve of being appointed. OPINIONS OF THE FRENCH PRESS. In an article on “ Russia in the East,” the Epoque of the 31st of August says: Every one believes or suspects that the troubles which at present so profoundly agitate the East are the work of Russia, or at least that Russia encourages them by her moral support. This is a case, we have especially insisted of late, in which it behooves England to cast off her political indiflerence and skepticism in relation to European quarrels. We should not then have to labor under the necessity of restraining our selves from searching out the truth touching the direct action of Russia in the East. We do not presume to divine or be able to predict when the conflict which menaces Europe on that side will burst forth ; nor do we presume to say what will be the intensity of the tempest which is accumulating in that direction; but there is evidently there, to use an expres sion which has become celebrated, “a black spot.” From speculation wre pass to facts; they have always an authority which cannot be disputed. If we may credit certain reports, the sum of $7,000,000, which the United States are to pay to Russia for the cession of her North