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manner which ought to call a blush to the cheek of any
adult. Here is a very pretty little girl of twelve years or thereabouts, her lower limbs exposed as she sleeps, and it is evident that a plentiful application of soap and water would do her no harm. One single case of contageous sickness among those 250 Swedes, and ere nightfall every one of them would be stricken by the destroying hand. It is an erroneous impression that the emigrants from northern countries sur pass in cleanliness those from the more southern climes. The .Swedes, Germans and Kussians are, very contrary to general expectation, the least clean in their habits. The Irish and French compare favorably with other races in cleanliness, and surpass them in light-heartedness and a disposition to bear up under hardships. The Welsh emigrants are, nearly all, consigned to the embraces of the Mormon chiefs of Utah. The specimens of Welsh emigrants who were here, bound for Salt Lake, and the miners and mill-spinners from some of the rural districts of England, are terribly dirty and ignorant. Great numbers of the English emigrants have little or no knowledge of the Creator or of any revealed form of religion. The ignorance and brutality of the lower class of English emigrants is astounding, and would be deemed incredible by him who knows nothing of the facts presented. Here is a group of Irish emigrants sitting upon their household Lares and Penates. They are three little girls, ranging from three to ten years of age, a motherly-looking woman of fifty, and a boy of fifteen. The family are dressed comfortably, and rather cleanly. The mother is crying quietly ; the small girl has caught the infection from the old woman, and is burying her tiny knuckles in her eyes with great determination, while the boy stares steadfastly at the ceiling, and keeps his mouth wide open as a common thoroughfare for the nasty flies who infest the bull-pen. An acclimatized friend, with a rowdy look, is talking to the old lady and endeavoring to make her feel comfortable, but she will not be comforted. She left the hills of far-off Tipperary at the bidding of a faithful son who resides in “some place” ! in “Missus Sury,” as the old lady expresses it, but she has lost the address, and forgets the name of the precise locality. “Can’t ye remember the name of the place at all, at all, Biddy ?” says her comforter. “The divil a bit me knows. Jamesy tould me in the letther that there was a great dale of wather near his place. Is there much wather in Missus Sury? Will ye stop yer bellewing there, Molly?” “Is it in Meessury ye mane? Shure, it’s full of wather and shnakes.” “Cross o’ Christ! and are the shnakes alive, Tim?” “ Yis, Biddy, and kicking, too.” “ Well, I wish I never had left Nenagli, in ould Tipperary,” said the old lady, “for whin I’m out here, shure, Andy, that I thought’d be some use to me, is no more than an omadh ann,” pointing to her son, who still kept his mouth open for the admission of flies. There is a hospital attached to the Castle Garden depot, situated on Ward’s Island. Ward’s Island is 108 acres in extent, and about $12,000 worth of produce is raised annually on the island by patients. There is an attendant physician at the Castle, and an apothecary’s shep. Cases of fever and cholera are instantly carried without to the hospital for treatment. Two million and a half of emigrants have passed through Castle Garden during the last ten years, bringing with them an average of $50 per head. This amounts in the gross aggregate to one hundred and tu'enly-jive millions of dollars. During the year 1866, 233,418 persons arrived at Castle Garden, bringing with them 203,236 pieces of baggage. Of this number 106,716 were from Germany, 68,074 from Ire land, 36,186 from England, 4,979 from Scotland, 3,907 from Sweden, 3,685 from Switzerland, 3,246 from France, 1,526 from Denmark and 1,506 from Holland. The l'emainder were from seventeen different countries. The States most favored by the emigrants on leaving Castle Garden arc New York, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Ohio and Massa chusetts. The Germans go to Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois and Wisconsin; the Irish to New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Jersey ; the Swedes to Delaware, the English to New York and Pennsylvania, the Scotch to New York and Illinois, and the French to New York, Louisiana and Canada. The greatest number of vessels leave the ports of Europe in the following order: Liverpool, Bremen, Lon don, Hamburg, Glasgow, Hesse, Antwerp and Londonderry. Formerly the Irish preponderated, now the Germans have the ascendency in the proportion of one hundred to sixty. The Commissioners of Emigration have officers in every city in the State of New York for the aid and protection of emigrants. LATE HEWS. At the session of the Special Commission in Manchester, England, on Thursday, the 7th inst., counsel for the Crown abandoned the count of murder in the remaining indictments, and all the prisoners now entered will be proceeded against on the charge of misdemeanor. The London Times has an editorial on the Alabama claims, in which it comments with much severity on the late dispatch on the subject addressed by Secretary Seward to Mr. Adams. A Royal Commission to inquire into the Protestant Church Establishment in Ireland has been appointed, with the Earl of Stanhope as Chairman. From Exeter, England, we have intelligence up to the morning of 5th November: At that date the bread riot which commenced in Exeter had extended to Axminster, situated twenty miles east of Exeter, where the premises of the corn dealers have been burned. Axminster contains the well-known carpet factories, with buildings for the manufacture of woolen cloth and gloves and has a very determined population of workingmen. The local militia has been called out and placed under arms in Exeter, and reinforcements of the regular troops have arrived in the city from the naval station at Plymouth. Several arrests have been made Special constables have been sworn in, both at Exeter and Axminster The Mayor of Exeter has made a speech to the people, but the mob is still in force, and great excitement prevailed in the streets even at that early hour, 5 o’clock in the morning. When John Bull begins to fight for his “grub” hismasters and pastors had better look out. It is a subject on which the Great Briton is exceedingly sensitive. His mercurial neighbor, Jean Crapaud, seems also to be riotously inclined, and for a similar reason—dear bread. These are sad in dications of the sufferings in store for the oppressed peoples of Europe during the coming winter. From Italy we have some rather remarkable news. It ap pears that in the recent engagement at or near Monte Rotondo, between the Italian insurgents under Garibaldi and the Papal troops, the latter were badly beaten until the arrival of the French troops, when the tide of battle was turned. Another account says that on Sunday Garibaldi brought into action 10,000 men. At one time during the day the Papal troops were beaten, and Garibaldi was gaining ground, when the French came up and turned his victory into a de feat. It is now reported that the insurgents lost 800 in killed and wounded, and 2,000 prisoners. Of this, the following explanation is given : Italians assert that 5,000 French soldiers, under command of General Tallies, belonging to the division which first reached Rome, came to the assistance of the Papal forces during their last engagement with the insurgents, and the timely arrival of these reinforcements turned the tide of battle and caused the defeat of Garibaldi. The London Times predicts that, should Napoleon fail in bringing about a general conference of European Powers to settle the Roman question, he will abandon the defense of the temporal power of the Pope and leave Italy free to decide upon the future position of Rome. Dispatches from Paris, France, assert that there have been serious riots incited by the Party of Action in different parts of Italy, and particularly at Milan, where it was found neces sary to call out the troops so quell the disturbances. Many rioters were killed and wounded. The Moniieur to-day says the embarkation of soldiers at Toulon has ceased, and no more troops will leave that port for Italy. Information is received from Rome that the Pontifical au thorities intend to prosecute their citizens who voted in favor of a union with Italy. The French Government has made representations to the Pope advising him not to allow this purpose to be carried into effect. We quote the following from The Evening Journal, of this city: / The Chicago Timex, which always sympathizes with op pression and villainy, whether at home or abroad, denounces Garibaldi as an incendiary deserving all the anathemas which that sheet and its party pronounced against John Brown ; and there is nothing at all surprising in it, for the cause of liberty and unity is essentially the same in Italy as it is in the I'nited States. To oppose it in the one case would lead to its opposition in the other. Napoleon, the vilest despot in Christendom, is, as a matter of course, a special favorite with the Chicago organ of copperheadism. But we confess to no little surprise when we find The Advance, an acknowledged organ of one of our leading religious denominations, deny ing the right of Garibaldi to take up arms against the See of Rome. It expresses grave fears lest the Liberator of Italy be presuming upon destiny, and guilty of leading a fillibus tering raid. A lillibuster, according to Webster, is “ a law less military adventurer, especially one in quest of plunder; a freebooter; a pirate.” We protest that Garibaldi has never once been guilty of a single act that makes him open to the charge brought against him by The Advance, unless, indeed, the right of armed revolution be denied; yet in warning against sympathy with him and his cause that journal says : “ Let us be careful how we commit ourselves to thg ap proval of a principle which covers Fenian raids on Canada, fillibustering in Mexico, and military enterprises of all sorts upon individual responsibility.” Our neighbor seems to have forgotten that England is now getting up a Pan-Anglican Synod, and sending out such cant ing emissaries as Newman Hall, and furnishing capital to establish such holy organs as The Advance, and all for one purpose—to rule America. She failed when she tried force; failed again when she tried treachery; she will now try religion or hypocrisy. THE BEST IS THE CHEAPEST. Since Sloan’s Oi ntment and Condition Powders have earned so great a reputation, and sell so readily, several persons in different parts of the country have commenced imitating them by manufacturing spurious articles. At first they will recommend their preparations as superior to Sloan’s, and when they find that won't go down, they will tell another falsehood, by saying that their Ointment and Condition Pow ders are made from Sloan’s recipes, and that they sell a larger quantity for less money. Don't he persuaded to purchase any other article, with the promise that it is just as good as Sloan’s. “Hold fast to that which you have proved to be good,” and by so doing they won’t fool you with their humbugs, nor injure the reputation of Sloan’s preparations. REVIEWS. Harper’s Bazar. This new fashion paper excels anything of the kind pub lished. It contains all the latest fashions, with patterns, and thus each housekeeper can become her own dressmaker. The fashion plates are all executed in the highest style of art; and the general make-up of the paper is superior to anything of the kind in America. In addition to the fash ions, there are several pages of literary matter suitable for family reading. The Bazar cannot fail to become universal, and all our lady readers should purchase it. “It is better be out of the world than out of the fashion.” --<«»i>—— The Public Spirit. We have received the November number of this spirited magazine, published in Troy, New York. We shall publish t - ---■ an able article from its pages, in our next issue, on Fenian ism. We recommend our readers to buy this magazine. Any publication that does justice to our country should be supported, especially such publications as The Public Spirit, which carry our country’s cause into American homes. There are so many journals and magazines that are only too willing to do the work of .the enemy, whenever they can get well paid for it, that we should the more appreciate those few who do us justice. NOTICES. Father Vaughan.—An important letter from this patriotic priest will appear in our next. -- Notice. We quote from our excellent cotcmporarv, the Minne apolis Tribune, the following notice of our Agent for Min nesota and Iowa, Mr. Thomas F. Bussell. This gentleman is doing his work with perseverance and success; and if he holds on as he has begun, Minnesota will before long be “the Banner State,” so far as the circulation of The Irish Re public is concerned. This, in our opinion, is by no means so small an attainment as some unthinking people might suppose. For, beyond all possible question, the principles, we advocate—the principles of universal liberty—are at once calculated to make Ireland free and America the greatest and best among the nations of the earth. Tiie Irish Republic.—Thomas F. Russell, of Davenport, Iowa, State agent of The Irish Republic for this State and Iowa, called on us yesterday. He intends to make a thorough canvass of the State for that journal during the fall. Captain Grace, who was here a few weeks ago in the same interest, was called away suddenly before he had hardly got started in his work, to wrhat was deemed the more import ant field of New York city. Mr. Russell takes his place here, and we trust he will meet with all due encouragement from the friends of Fenianism and Republicanism. The Irish Republic is a most efficient auxiliary in spreading the doctrines of Republicanism. Its generous circulation in Iowa this year did much towards giving the Republican Governor a majority of 28,000—a large gain—when all the other Republican States were showing reduced majorities. We do not know of any better campaign document than The Irish Republic. -<i^i>——— Pure versus Adulterated Confectionery. In a recent number of Hall’s Journal of Health, pure con fectionery, in moderate quantities, is recommended for chil dren, and also for grown-up folks. A certain amount of sac charine matter is necessary for the system. The general public are not aware of the poisonous stuff palmed off in the name of confectionery, nor how many doctors’ bills can be charged to those who adulterate candy in order to undersell their neighbors. One of- the largest ingredients that enter into the adulteration of fancy candy is Terra Alba—English earth. Shiploads of this horrible stuff are shipped annually to America, and tons and tons of it are used both in New York, Chicago and all the large cities, by what are called steam confectioners. It is pure white, and amalgamates easily with sugar, and can be used in all confectionery but the clear. Glue, and such pleasant ingredients, enter largely into cheap gum-drops, jube-paste, etc. Those dealers who purchase such stuff and retail the same to their customers, are poisoning the community in which they live. It be comes of vital importance, then, that all dealers should pur chase pure confectioneries. We can recommend the estab lishment of Nicholas Crickard A (Jo., 17 South Clark street, Chicago, for pure and unadulterated candies. Mr. Crickard, who has been for fifteen years in the business, will not allow the least impurity to enter into his manufacture. He employs no runners to drum up trade. He does not pretend to sell candy cheaper than he can purchase the sugar. lie warrants his goods pure, and those who have an interest in saving their children from being poisoned, should insist on dealers keeping pure goods. We recommend our friends in the country, who trade in the Chicago market, to purchase their goods from Mr. Crickard. Outside of his business qualifica tions, lie has been one of the truest friends to his country and liberty we know of, and we beg to say that those things should not be overlooked, even in business. It is better for a nation that honorable, liberal men should prosper than that we should be fattening vipers to sting us in the end. 17 South Clark street. --- Fenian Balls in Chicago. “The Kickham Circle,” F. B., will give a Grand Ball, in Haley’s Hall, Bridgeport, on the evening of the 18th instant, and “the Liberty Circle” in the old Board of Trade Hall, on Thanksgiving night. As the pecuniary proceeds are to be devoted to the service of the F. B., it is earnestly hoped that all true Irish nationalists, and all friends of Irish liberty in the vicinity, will make it a point to be present on both occasions. Chicago Agent. Mr. Frank Lawler, No. 181 Farquer street, is duly authorized to collect and receipt bills. Any moneys paid to him. and duly receipted, will be acknowledged at this office.