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was produced to supply the missing links of evidence. She did
her work with too much zeal, was destroyed by cross-exam ination, and the prosecution had to give her up. The charge of murder has been withdrawn against Groves, and the Coro ner’s jury have concluded their inquiry by a verdict of murder against some person or persons unknown. Not to let the sensation die out, a man delivered himself up at a police station on Thursday, declaring that he fired the shot which killed McDonnell—fired it without meaning to hurt any body. Brought up in Court next day, lie recalled his con fession, explaining that he was drunk when he made it. Ifc was dismissed, and the mystery remains a mystery as much as ever, but, I repeat, has no apparent connection with Fenian ism. Nevertheless, it has served to keep alive the popular alarm, and has furnished a topic for a dozen leaders to the journals full of sound and fury, signifying—perhaps sonie . thing. The Reform League is in difficulties. It has committed the unpardonable sin of not joining the Fenian hue and cry, and the panic-stricken public, indignant that anybody should presume not to be panic-stricken, bowls musically on the track of its new victim. At a meeting on Wednesday even ing, certain indiscreet Leaguers avowed their sympathy with the Fenian movement. One or two went so far as to say that they thought the Irish quite justified in using physical force to throw off' the oppression of English rule. No doubt this frankness was, as I have called it, indiscreet, since the League is a political organization and means to go into the business of electing members of the Reformed Parliament. If it were an organization which, like the American Anti-Slavery Society, stood outside of politics and renounced the doctrine of expediency, the case would be different. Now, like Fenian ism itself, the League furnishes capital to Toryism, and ex cuses to that mild type of Liberalism which will not be any more liberal than it can help. The Telegraph, which repre sents a certain mercantile Liberalism, excommunicates the League with bell, book, and candle. “ English Liberalism has nothing to do with the advocacy of murder and rebel lion.” (The Telegraph was an unscrupulous partisan of Re bellion in America, but likes it not in Ireland.) “The Council of the Reform League has avowed itself the cham pion of both,” which is not true in any sense, or to any extent. This same paper threatens two members of the League with a criminal prosecution at the hands of the Attorney-General, the other papers, both daily and weekly, Tory and Liberal, are not slow to join in the cry that the League is guilty of treason. The clamor is about as sensible as the old American fury against the Abolitionists. Denmark. The Globe contradicts the report that all the Danish West India Islands are to he disposed of, and says that the Island of St. Thomas only is to be sold to the United States, and for which the sum to be paid Denmark is eight millions in gold. The Danish possessions consist of three small islands, St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix, or Santa Cruz. These islands belong to the Virgin group, and are east of Porto Rico. They are very small and very unimportant, Santa Cruz being the largest, and St. John the smallest of the three. The entire area of these islands is only 110 square miles, and the popu lation about 37,000. There is but little variation in the population from year to year, that of Santa Cruz being about 26,000, and St. Thomas 13,000 souls. The population of St. John is merely nominal, and it enjoys no importance in any respect whatever. In the Island of St. Thomas the popula tion is confined almost exclusively to the town, but 2,500 acres of land being under cultivation, and that is confined to raising vegetables, grasses, and a little cotton. The want of laborers is the chief obstacle to the agricultural interests of the island, the laboring population being principally em ployed in the harbor and as porters. During our great Re bellion St. Thomas enjoyed an ephemeral importance from being the resort of rebel cruisers, and it was to this port the English mail steamer Trent was bound when the emissaries Mason and Slidell were taken from on board by command of Captain Wilkes of the San Jacinto. In the war of 1812 it was sometimes resorted to by American privateers and Eng lish men-of-war. A notable instance of this is the case of the English ship Hibernia, which was met and fought by the famous privateer Comet, Captain Boyle of Baltimore, both vessels being so much injured as to be compelled to put in for repairs, the Comet into Porto Rico, and the Hibernia into St. Thomas. In commercial importance, St. Thomas takes the lead, but is excelled by Santa Cruz in agricultural products, though all of the islands enjoy unimpeachable freedom from enterprise or thrift. In 1859 the English imported from these islands products to the value of £124,822, and exported thereto man ufactured articles to the value of £652,252. During the same year the imports from other countries were valued at £677, 557. These figures show the value of goods bought by the Danish subjects in the West Indies, the increase from year to year being a few thousand pounds, having reached in 1863, £710,576 from the United Kingdom, and £731,683 from all other countries. In the value of products annually taken from the islands by British subjects, there is greater variation, these having fallen off in 1860 to £66,997, in the next year reached the surprising sum of £379,204, but in 1862 they again fell off to £75,398, and in 1863 reached £160,352. The imports are principally manufactured cotton piece goods, linens and wearing apparel, silks, woolens, hardware, iron, and coals. The principal exports are straw hats and pearls. Some years the exportation of cochineal, indigo, Peruvian bark, and oil of turpentine is very heavy. In 1859, the cotton exported was valued at £44,465. This ceased alto gether in 1860, and did not revive until 1863, when it reached £13,192. Some, or indeed all, of this may have been ob tained from rebel sources. The port of St. ‘Thomas is open to the commerce of all nations, and is a depot of goods for the adjacent islands, but the statistics of its trade have little interest or importance. In 1863 the amount of tunnage was 95,819 tuns, an excess over the previous year of 13,278 tuns. The increase on British tunnage in 1862, ’63 and ’64 was owing to the war, American ships obtaining British registers to save them from capture by rebel privateers, and the estab lishment of a semi-monthly line of steamships from Liver pool to the West Indies, the Spanish Main and the Pacific, . for which this is a port of call. The number of vessels from abroad visiting the harbor annually is about 600. There is considerable trade between this country and St. Thomas, especially in breadstuffs and provisions. 4 he value ol man ufactured and other goods imported from Great Britain in 1803 was over $4,000,000. The harbor of St. Thomas previous to 1863 was obstructed by the narrowness of its channel, but in that year a ship was sent out from Copenhagen with a dredging machine to clear and deepen the harbor and open a passage to the West, and it was believed that if a channel of clear water could be ob tained impurities would be removed. It was also proposed at the same time to establish gas works in the town and to furnish its inhabitants with a supply of water, the people being before dependent upon rain water. But with these improve ments St. Thomas, even under Mr. Seward’s manipulations, will scarcely become a rival of the great commercial cities of this continent. Santa Cruz is a delightful little island, only 20 miles in length, and five in breadth; it has a mild temperature, a fertile soil, and numerous streams, with a population mostly rural. Nearly the whole island is cultivated. Cliristianstadt, the capital town, contains a population of 5,000. The island was discovered by Columbus on his second voyage. It has since been in the possession of different nations, and was ceded to Denmark by the French. The English took it in 1807, but restored it to the Danes !by the treaty of Paris in 1814. The surface is level with a range of low hills in the North, in which respect, as well as being more fertile, it dif fers from St. Thomas, which presents a rough and uneven prospect, highest in the center. Should Mr. Seward’s project be consummated and fail to be useful in every other respect, the possession of St. Thomas may serve Mr. Johnson’s ad ministration, which has a fondness for extinct barbarities, to realize on a small scale Carlysle’s description of Dominica, by which he means the Island of which Hayti forms a part: “ Hemispherical, they say, or in the shape of an inverted washbowl; rim of it, first twenty miles of it all round, start ing from the sea, is flat alluvium, the fruitfulest in nature, fit for any noblest spice or product, but unwholsome except for niggers held steadily to their work ; ground then gradually rises, umbrageously rich throughout, becomes fit for coffee; still rises, now bears oak woods, cereals, Indian corn, Eng lish wheat, and in this upper portion is salubrious and de lightful for the European—who might there spread and grow according to the wisdom given him, say only to a population of 100,000 adult men ; well fit to defend their island against all comers, and beneficently keep steady to their work a mil lion of niggers on the lower ranges. What a kingdom my poor Frederick William, followed by his Frederick, would have made of this inverted washbowl; clasped round, and lovingly kissed and laved, by the beautifulest seas in the world, and beshone by the grandest sun and sky.” France. The Paris La Prem, of Oct. 28, says in reference to the Roman expedition: On Friday evening about 9 o’clock General Cialdini sent for the French Charge d’Atfairs, M. De La Vilestreux, and told him that he was no longer Minister. The General told him he thought he would have been able to master the situation, but finding that he could not, he had asked the King to be relieved of the charge which his Ma jesty had confided to him, and he was waiting the nomination of a successor. The reappearance of Garibaldi on the scene of action, remarked the General, had singularly aggravated the state of affairs, for the Party of Action was thus supplied with a chief, and the public mind inflamed. The Italian Government acknowledged itself incapable of stemming the movement. In reply to an observaton of M. de La Viles treux that the first step on the Pontifical territory would result in a declaration of war from France, General Cialdini said that the Italian Government foresaw and accepted that consequence. War against France appeared to be the best issue. To attempt to struggle against Mazzini and Garibaldi would be to attempt the impossible. The government wrould be destroyed by a revolution, and Victor Emmanuel would risk, uselessly and without any hope, his popularity, his crown, and perhaps his life. France, continued the General, is a generous enemy. She will not make war otherwise than conformably to the laws of civilization. We feel certain that she will not take undue advantage of the situation. One may be vanquished by her without shame, and almost without danger. General Cialdini, in terminating the interview, reiterated to the French Charge d’Affairs the announcement that lie was delegated to make to him, viz.: that the Italian Government found itself absolutely unable to execute the September Convention. France is seeking to raise a loan of twenty-eight million pounds, which, it is represented, the Government wants for peace uses. - Crete. To begin where the Turks do, I assert unhesitatingly that the rebellion has not been crushed, but is as rampant as it has been at any time during the past year. We have pi roof of this even here, for the Government has just ordered a new conscription, and has been sending fresh troops to Crete ever since Aali Pasha left. Another fact bearing on this point is that the rebels celebrated Aali Pasha’s arrival by coming down in force and destroying a Turkish village almost under his nose, the day after he arrived. Many Turkish olive plantations were also burned. Another fact: The Provisional Government have replied to the amnesty by issuing a counter proclamation and by sending to Omar Pasha a declaration that they are prepared for the alternative, annexation to Greece or death. It is said that this answer was written in blood. Another fact is that the Greek blockade-runner Eunosis is still making weekly trips to the island with food and ammunition. One fact more—when the Turks proclaimed a suspension of hostilities their troops were in such an utterly demoralized condition from ill-success and sickness that they could not keep the field, and when the Egyptian troops were ordered to be withdrawn, Omar Pasha made a solemn protest against it, as he could not spare them. I leave your readers to draw their own conclusions from these facts. In what condition are the rebels ? is the next question. This is more difficult to answer, but it would appear that there are still some 5,000 men under arms, under various leaders. These men can hold out, if they will, just as long as the Greeks can continue to run the blockade with ammuni tion and provisions, and perhaps could get on five or six weeks without any outside supplies. From the first the greatest difficulty of the insurgents has been that, like true Greeks, they tight each other almost as much as they do the Turks. This is still the case. There is no unity of feeling or of action between the different leaders. Each one cures more for his own interest than for the common cause. It has always been so with the Greeks. The removal of the families, on the other hand, has been a great relief to the rebels, and increases their chance of success tenfold. The approaching winter season will aid the blockade runners, for the Turks are mortally afraid of wind, and although it will add to the hardships of the Greeks on shore, it will also pre vent the Turks from acting vigorously. As to the territory, the Turks are now just where they were a year ago. They hold only the shore and fortresses, while the whole island is in the hands of the Cretans. What is to come of Aali Pasha’s mission ? Lest your readers should think my epitome of Aali Pasha’s proclamation too bad even for a sarcastic paragraph, I will append it verbatim to this letter, to speak for itself. Aali Pasha is a man of great shrewdness, and of more honesty than Fuad Pasha. lie has taken £45,000 with him, besides decorations and jewelry. His amour-propre is enlisted, for failure would he disgrace here. In rank he stands next the throne. If success were possible to any one it would be to him. On his arrival at Canaea he took a really conciliatory step in at once releasing all the political prisoners confined there and at other fortresses. He first called together all the principal Turks and had a long con sultation with them. Then he graciously received the Christian magnates with their Archbishop. Afterwards he issued his proclamation. He can, no doubt, buy up a large number of Cretans and Greeks, for it is a sad fact that they are more open to the influence of gold than of arms, or of patriotism. But I doubt very much whether he can buy enough to influence the insurrection materially. Hisplan of reorganization, so far as it is known to the Embassies here, amounts to nothing more than the organization of a Vilayet, ■ with a Mussulman, Vali, or Governor, and a mixed council of Turks and Christians—the local authorities to be Turks or Christians as the population is one or the other. It is need less to add, that this organization will be not a whit better for the Christians than that which existed when the revolt commenced. Even a Christian Vali would amount to but little. He would be only a tool in the hands of the Turks. Indeed the Turk named as probable Vali would make a far better Governor than any Christian who lias been suggested. Even the Cretans would prefer Cabouli Pasha to Prince Aristarchi, or Sir Henry Bulwer’s old protege, Dr. Samas. In a word, I do not see how anything can come of Aali Pasha’s mission. As a Turkish officer was heard to say the other day, “There is no use in trying to conciliate such ungrateful beasts as the Cretans. There is nothing to do but to exterminate them.” It w’ould seem that the war must go on until the Cretans are exterminated, unless Europe inter feres to secure their independence. 1 do not know that we can blame the Turks for holding on to the island, and cer tainly one cannot but admire the boldness with which they have rejected and scorned al^the advice of^Europe. It is at least an open question whether it would be good policy for the Turks to give up Crete; but, on the other hand, the Cretans have won the admiration of the world, and the sym pathy even of those who believe that annexation to Greece would be a leap from the frying-pan into the fire. Even such are ready to say, if these people prefer the wretched Government of Greece to the wretched Government of Tur key, by all means let them have it. But there is one con sideration which has not been sufficiently thought of by people generally. At least one-third of the population of I Crete, when the revolution broke out, were Turks. Annexa tion to Greece would compel the deportation of all these families to some other locality. Could a Mussulman govern ment consent to such a thing? What right has Europe to insist upon it? I believe I am able to say that this consider ation has had great weight with Lord Stanley. All the more of course because it accorded with other English sympathies. But still ought it not to have weight ? Poor Crete! All this present misery conies from the great political blunder which detached the Island from Greece after the revolution. Such blunders have always to be washed out in blood, and what is worst of all, in the blood of inno cents. — Turkey. The Sublime Porte has replied to the second joint note of the European Powers, declining to receive their advice rela tive to aflairs in Candia, and accepting the responsibility for the results. Great Britain, France and Austria have agreed upon a policy to be pursued hereafter relative to the Eastern question. - The Holy Land. “ Mark Twain,” writing from Cesarea Philippi, gives the following account of what he witnessed in that historical region: The ruins here are not very interesting. There are the massive walls of a great square building that was once the citadel; there are many ponderous old arches that are so smothered with debris that they barely project above the ground; there are heavy-walled sewers through which the beautiful brook of which Jordan is born still runs; in the hill-side are the substructions of a costly marble temple that Herod the Great built there—patches of its handsome mosaic floors still remain ; there is a quaint old stone bridge that was here before Herod’s time, may be; scattered everywhere, in the paths and in the woods, are Corinthian capitals, broken porphvry pillars, and little Iragments of sculpture; and up yonder in the precipice, where the fountain gushes out, are well-worn Greek inscriptions over niches in the rock where in ancient times the Greeks, and after them the Romans, worshiped the sylvan god Pan. But trees and bushes grow above many of these ruins now; the miserable huts of a little gang of filthy Arabs are perched upon the broken masonry of antiquity, the whole place has a sleepy, stupid, rural look about it, and one can hardly bring himself to believe that a busy, substantially-built city once existed here, even two thousand years ago. The place was nevertheless the scene of an event whose effects have added page after page and volume after volume to the world’s history. For in this place Christ stood when lie said to Peter: “ Thou art Peter; and upon this rock will I build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto ! thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven : and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” On those little sentences has been built up the mighty edifice of the Church of Rome; in them lie the authority for the imperial power of the Popes over temporal aflairs, and their god-like power to curse a soul or wash it white from sin. To sustain the position of “the only true church,” which Rome claims was thus conferred upon her, she has fought and labored and struggled for many a century, aiul will continue to keep herself busy in the same line to the end of time. The memorable words I have quoted give to this ruined city about all the interest it possesses to people of the present day.