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The Irish republic. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1867-18??, April 11, 1868, Image 11

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Italian : “ And a pious man, to boot. He sent to Pio Nono
for his blessing from his death-bed, and Pio Nono remitted
it to him by telegraph.”
Stanger: “And this is the monarch who was once protector
of the courtesan, Lola Montez?” *
In charity I interposed to say that every crime had its
forgiveness; and to change the subject, introduced mention of
the project to carry back Daniel Manin’s remains to
Englishman: “Who was Manin ?”
Italian: “He was dictator of Venice in ’48-9; he drove
the Austrians out of it; he was an apostle of liberty, and
when the red-handed might of the Hapsburg overthrew Italy
in the end, he came here to Paris a poor exile. He supported
life by giving lessons; Ary Scheffer, the painter, married his
daughter, and his honored dust lies in Ary Scheffer’s tomb
in the cemetery of Montemartre.”
Englishman: “ Why not in Italy ?”
I explained that, much on the same principle that one
Robert Emmet did not desire his epitaph to be written till
his country was free, Manin did not desire his remains to be
conveyed to his country before the day of its freedom.
Frenchman : “ And now that Venice prepares them a
fitting reception we will bear them there in triumph.”
Unhappily for the ardent Gaul, the evening paper came in
at the moment with news that Manin’s body had been ex
humed in the night time before the prefect of police, and
hurried off in hot haste to the Italian frontier to prevent the
possibility of any demonstration in Paris.
Frenchman: “ That was the act not of France but the
Emperor. You saw, my friend, (to the Italian,) how freely
France spilt its blood for the independence of Italy.”
Stranger: “ And took care to get well paid for it. Nice,
Savoy, one hundred millions of francs as indemnification
for war expenses!’’
Italian : “ Yes, France gave us Lombardy, that we might
not get Rome, and she tried to keep us from Naples. When
Cialdini was before Gaeta, in 18G0, Admiral Barbile de Tin
ville with the French fleet threatened to fire on the Italian
troops if they dared to attack the Boinbalino, the tyrant of
the Two Sicilies.”
Stranger: “And they did attack, and he did not fire!”
I asked the Frenchman, again to change the subject, what
took his pet, the prince of republican habits, Jerome Napo
leon, to Berlin ? He answered that it was reported there was
a secret treaty of alliance between Russia, Prussia and the
United States, andThat the Prince had gone to sound Bis
marck’s intentions.
Italian : “ America is very friendly to Italy. What says
Italy to this alliance?”
I suggested that it would be well if Louis Napoleon looked
about for allies.
Stranger: “He has none but Spain.”
Frenchman : “ And Austria and England.”
Italian : “ Italy would ask nothing better than to be pitted
against France in case of a general war, and Italy values
well decrepid Austria.”
Englishman: “But England, she that rules the waves—”
The United States has a fleet,” in the stranger’s voice,
stopped that song, and he resumed in another key : “ Eng
land has an army second to none in the world.” It was the
caustic stranger’s turn now: he mentioned the ominous three
syllables, Cri-me-a ! and the Englishman bit his lips.
But John Bull is sturdy ; he does not easily give in. Our
Englishman plucked up his courage and muttered that it was
years since then ; the system of red tape had been abolished.
In England it was not as in America, where there was a dis
affected section waiting for its chance—not as in France,
where there was an imposing Republican party—
I thought I had heard enough of this. It was my turn
now, I pronounced the one word, Ireland. The Englishman
grew pale, rose and left the company.
There, in a pithy way, is the kernel of my missing fort
night’s news.
Let me add, for the present, a few brief paragraphs bring
ing me to the level of the hour at which I write.
There has been an emeute at Toulouse with a highly Re
publican complexion. The inhabitants refused to permit the
enrollment for the new garde mobile, and sung the Marseillaise;
the garrison turned out to pacify them—in the right impe
rial mode. Details are wanting—the Government takes care
of that—but as the Moniteur admits that there had been a dis
turbance, that is proof positive that it must have been
And now for my last, and, for you, most significant item.
Fenians have been discovered in the Pope’s Zouaves and dismissed!
Comment is needless. Eta.
Irish Correspondence.
Dublin, March 14, 1868.
The trial of Captain Mackey, charged with the murder of
constable Casey, at Cork, has ended. The avenues to the
court were lined with military, and a company of Lancers
guarded the prisoner on his way from the prison. Mackey,
who is a young man of about twenty-three, pleaded not guilty.
Mr. Heron, Q.C., defended. Mackey, it will be recollected,
was arrested at Cronin’s public house, and that according to
his voluntary confession, it was the policeman Geale he
intended to shoot, not Casey, it being Geale who struck his
revolver aside in the struggle. When making the arrest, the
police had not produced any warrant authorizing the pro
ceeding, or any special direction to arrest the prisoner. Mary
Cronin, the wife of the public house-keeper, gave evidence
of the accidental nature of the circumstance and other partic
ulars, the effect of which was that, after the judge’s charge,
the jury found a verdict of “ not guilty”—a decision which
was received with applause.
Dr. Waters has been liberated, in consideration of the ill
health induced by prison confinement, on the condition of
entering into his own recognizances for £100, and two sure
ties of £50 each, to observe a good conduct for the next
twelve months. The family of Dr. Waters—whose abilities
as a political and general writer are well-known—have, I
regret to hear, suffered much during the period of his incar
Sir John Gray, who was about to make the Irish Church
question his special labor during this session, has, it is said,
handed over the leadership to Mr. Gladstone. The English
liberal party intend to make education their cry at the next
Mr. Sullivan and Mr. Pigott, who remain in prison, are
suffering from the stringent measures lately adopted in the
discipline of the establishment, being prevented from receiv
ing the visits or communications of their friends, or from
being enabled to relieve the tediousness of solitude by means
of books or the pursuit of their accustomed literary vocations.
Several appeals have already been made for their liberation
by the corporation and press of Ireland, and the question is
now being advocated in the Daily Telegraph and other Eng
lish papers. The Prince of Wales will be coming over here
at Easier to receive the Order of St. Patrick, etc., and it is
already rumored that'tlie liberation of our two eminent and
patriotic journalists will be one of the events of his visit.
Considerable interest is being felt over here about the
pronouncement of the Disraeli ministry on Irish questions,
through the Chief Secretary, Lord Mayo. The Secretary,
in making his statement on Tuesday night, (10th,) presented
a programme, which, considering it is that of a Tory min
istry, may be considered liberal. The relations between
landlord and tenant first occupied his attention, the bill
that the Government propose to introduce being of a com
plex nature, and framed to enlist the adherence of both
classes; it will include compensation for improvements, in
crease of power to limited owners for giving leases, the
encouragement of written contracts and facility afforded to
tenants for obtaining loans of money for the purpose of im
proving their land. A commission is to be immediately
instituted to make a thorough inquiry into the existing rela
tions between landlord and tenant. Commissions, which
have been as frequently originated for the purpose of gain
ing time, as for sifting the matter at issue, have many times
investigated this subject; but, though it has long assumed a
chronic character, partial relational differences may have
occurred since the last, to render another necessary. That
the three bills about to be introduced have certain valuable
points, is undoubted, as they tend to give the tenant an in
terest in his holding, to supply him with means for making
improvements, and to insure him compensation for such when
made. We are also to have an Irish Reform bill, the details
of which, however, are reserved until next week. On this
subject, the feeling is, possibly, not very strong; here
the agricultural classes predominate, and as Dr. Johnson
said, it is that which is nearest that touches us most; the
land question is to them of more imminent importance than
the extension of the franchise. It is proposed, also, to pur
chase Irish railways whose companies, suffering under debt,
have been unable to place them in the same efficiency as
in England and elsewhere; and the extension of the sys
tem is also said to be under consideration. In Connaught,
especially, there is a necessity for railways, without which
initiatory proceeding no large eflort to work up the mineral
and other wealth of the district is possible ; without which,
Connemara and the entire West—but the latter especially,
—remain as absolutely isolated from the rest of the country
as in the Cromwellian days, when the outlying region, from
its remoteness and uncultivated state, was a synonym for
another locality, the determination of whose site is confined
to the geography of polemics. In addition to these mea
sures, which are at once of a sedative and stimulating char
acter, a charter is to be granted to the University, which
is thus to be placed on an equality with the “ godless col
leges ” of invective oratory; funds, too, are to be voted for
the construction of buildings and the payment of professors
and officers, while its ampler endowment will be a matter of
ultimate consideration. The Catholic University will thus
be enabled to grant degrees of equal authority, as regards the
professions, etc., with the other educational establishments,
and all popular scruples, as to the employment of men of
science who have matriculated under heretical shadows, re
moved. The grant of a charter and the equally important
accessories mentioned, will have the effect of largely increas
ing the number of students, which, all things considered, can
not fail to have a beneficial effect on the country, as light
and progress are correlative ideas. An educational com
mission is at present sitting, from whose investigations and
proceedings the Government entertain a fond hope that all
those classes who have, in the words of the song—
“ Fought like devils for conciliation,
And hated one another for the love of God,”
may enjoy the funds allocated for nitional enlightenment,
without suffering any disturbance of their religious procliv
ities. The English Catholics are, it is said, very indiffer
ent about the grant of the charter. The Irish Church ques
tion is to remain in abeyance until the Royal Commissioners
have produced the exhaustive statement in the preparation
of which they are at present engaged. With regard to this
programme, which would be liberal, even if coming from
the opposition—the WThigs theorize and the Tories execute,
promises to become a phrase—it may be remarked generally
that the measures which are to bear on the land question, are
the most immediately important and promise to be so in their
ultimate results, as the first thing is to enable the farmers
and peasantry to attain a position in which their efforts will
be accumulative and in which a certain security of tenure
will supply one of the conditions for substantiating an ex
tension of the franchise. For the establishment and perpet
uation of reform, political and other; however, it is mani
fest that a large and sound system of intellectual education
is the only true basis upon which such results can be obtained.
Until Prussia and America led the way in this direction—
and even in both countries the improvements made are far
from final—governments and hierarchies have alike shrunk
from intellectualizing their peoples to the extent which
institutions render possible, ignorant of the fact that of all
things ignorance is the most dangerous, and in fear that the
leveling up system would render authority precarious, the
problem of the past has been, government without education,
or with one adapted to fall into a certain groove and proceed
in a circle ad infinitum; doubtless, when an enlarged system
is generalized, a revolution in the mind of a nation is pro
duced, and the problem then is to adopt the governing ele
ments to such a superior condition and maintain the order
essential to progress. Any changes thus effected, however,
from their very nature, tend more to security thau their op
posite; progressive intelligence, individual or collective,
may be compared to a person advancing and looking for
ward, as contrasted with one stationary or looking backward
while he attempts to proceed ; and an ample popular educa
tion, so far from eliciting fears of revolutionary consequences
of a permanent sort, will eventually constitute in its power,
essence and reaction, the main support of government itself.
It will be long, indeed, before domestic legislation, either
here, in Europe or elsewhere, receives its ultimate develop
ment compatible with national resources; so much of the
world remains to be conquered in order to be modernized, so
much to be populated, as in the States and the American
South. In the present day the armaments of Europe are
gigantic obstacles to progress, when regarded in the light of
the possibilities it might attain in the great or small States;
and although all the former now possess territory which geo
graphically satisfies the requirements of commerce, which in
an integral point of view is all they require, they continue
to increase their armies, and stand threatening each other at
a cost which perpetuates the poverty of millions, and im
poverishes the general community, instead of seeking an out
let for those forces—whose maintenance in the nineteenth
century is the retrogressive absurdity of an obsolete tradition
—in the conquest and occupation of Africa and other regions,
whose possession would realize the idea of planetary civiliz
ation now confined to little more than a third of its surface,
and as a preparation for extending the European races over
countries still occupied by the child races of mankind.
On Tuesday, Mr. Maguire delivered a speech on tl.e
condition of Ireland, which he showed by history and sta
tistics to be the result of unjust legislation. He alluded
to the difficulty he experienced in convincing gentlemen in
America that three-fourths of the tenants of Ireland were
without leases ; alluded to instances in which property had
been sold in the Incumbered Estates Court on condition that
the tenants were to be cleared off the lands, and to the fact
that the immigration so caused had turned such masses in
America into perpetual enemies of the British power, and
said ^that what the people wanted was a vigorous measure,
which while removing a grievance would benefit the tenant
without injury to the landlord. Immigration was now pro
ceeding at the rate of 70,000 per annum, and he was of opin
ion that in order to arrest this state of things large measures
dealing with principles were requisite. There is, perhaps,
hardly another Irish member who is so minutely acquainted
with all the particulars of Irish questions as Mr. Maguire.
The winter here has been much less cold than many pre
viously, and, although more than usually stormy, scarcely
any snow has fallen. I know not whether to connect this
fact with one more singular which may be the cause of it_
which I see in the American papers—namely, that since
the convulsions, of which the East India Islands have
been the seat, the Gulf stream has doubled its velocitv. If
such is the case, we have the means of accounting for the
superior temperature we have experienced, and other
phenomena, such as the unwonted aerial fluctuations. Anv
such change as this, if decided, so far from keeping us in hot
water, would produce effects comparable with which the
possession of an independent legislature—not to speak pro
fanely would sink into insignificance, as regards the develop
ment of Ireland. Double the velocity of the tepid waters
of the Gulf stream, and you increase the temperature of the

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