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Filipinos Take a Now Grip on
the Situation , ENCOURAGED BY THE WET SEASON They Continue to lliirrnss Our Troop * Contlnuul Menacing of United States I.lnrs , Canning Much Anxiety rood rroUsloiiMiint hoMudo for the Friendly Native * . MANILA , May 29. Special to the New York World : General Otis says , contradicting the gtnurnl impression , that the campaign against the Fill plno Insurgents will be prosecuto-1 by the American forces with the utmott aggressiveness possible during tiio .rainy season. General Lawton Is convinced that an early settlement of the troubles and close of hostilities depends on the Americans giving thorough protection * to the working classes in their poneo lul occupations , while waging InceS' sant war against the armed forces of the enomv from this time forth , by means of guerrilla warfare. "Wo will show the insurgents by vigorous ac tion on the rivers , lakes and moun tains , " ho says , "that their belief that wo cannot campaign in the rainy sea son or in the mountains is unfrue. Later it is possible that the changing conditions may demand garrisoning by districts so that It will be safe fo. the investment of capital and the pros ecution of industries until American } .are completely dominant. " Quick transportation of the cavalry and the pack mules is desirable as a means of rounding up the insurgents. The cnblo ship Recorder , while nick ing up the cable between the islands of Negros and Cebut , went to the town of Escalanto on the former island. She landed a party in her launch , con sisting of the commander , second of ficer and several of the crew , and also Captain Tilly of the signal corps , who was present aboard the ship to observe the cable operations. A flag of truce had been hol'-ted by the rebels , who waited until * he party had landed , and then treacher ously poured n murderous volley upon them. Captain Tilly and ono of the men at once threw themselves Into the water. The commander of the Recorder , run ning a great risk , managed to reach the launch and put off from the bank to save it from being captured by the rebels. Meanwhile a rain of bullets was fall ing all around the fugitives. The second end mate was picked up by the launch Just as he was sinking , but was alive. He said that the last he saw of Captain Tilly the later was swimming feebly by his side. The steamer was far out from shore , but those on hoard could see that the other Malay seamen were caught by the rebels and flogged and then cui to pieces. The ship returned to Hello , stopped , and within an hour troops were dis patched to the scene of the attack. An Associated Press dispatch from Manila says : The approach of the wet season flnds the Insurrection tak ing a new lease of life. All along the American lines the rebels arc showing more aggressive ac tivity in their guerrilla style than at nny time before since the fall of Ma- lolos. They keep the United States troops In the trenches , sleeping in their clothing and constantly on the nlert against dashes on our outposts , and they make life warm for the American garrisons in the towns. The bands of General Luna and Gen eral Mascardo , which retreated toward Tarlac when they feared they would be caught between General MacArthur and General Lawton , have returned in force to their old trenches around San Fernando , where there are dally col lisions. Opposite our lines on the south , pro tecting Manila , all the way around to San Pedro Macatl , the Filipinos nave three rows of trenches most of tl ) distance. Reports from prisoners Indicate thnt the insurgents construe the peace ne > gotlations to mean that the Americans have had enough of fighting. DEATH IN THE WIND. Persons Inntuntly Killed by n South Dnkotit Cyclone. CHAMBERLAIN , S. D. , May 29. Word has Just reached town of a dis astrous and fatal cyclone which passed across the country in the vicinity ot Bijou Hills , twenty-five miles soutn of this city , yesterday afternoon , be tween 4 and 5 o'clock , resulting In the death of seven persons and the serious Injury of two others. The killed are : Charles Peterson. Six children , of Charles Peterson , the latter being three boys and three girls , ranging from 3 to 1C years of age. The wue nnd two remaining children wera so fatally Injured that they may also die. The cyclone formed on a shoot sec tion in plain view of hundreds and moved in a southerly course , the first place reached being that of Arf Co- den , which was totally destroyed. The storm then destroyed a church and school house , after which it reached the Peterson place , where the execu tion done waa simply appalling. The dead and injured were strewn all about the premises , all being brulb- od and maimed In a shocking manner , while the buildings were smashed Into splinters. Xi nped from the Jlroolilyn Ilrldgo. NEW YORK , May 29.-Howard Kretz , a young man about 22 years of - \ ago , who says ho is an art student of the Academy of Design in this city , made a startling and successful leap from the Brooklyn bridge before dusk this evening nnd cnme out of the river uninjured. Ho snld ho had been readIng - Ing a book on theosophy and that ho wanted to demonstrate thnt a man. by exorcising his will power , could do anything ho wished without injury to himself . . * ACCIDENT ON THE RAIL. DUnstrntK ItrMilt * of it Wnhout on an linvu Itiillrojiil , CEDAH RAPIDS , In. , Mav 29. The worst wreck In the history of tlio Burlington , Cedar Rapids & Northern railway occurred nt 1.23 yesterday morning , when train No. fi , the Chica go and Minneapolis train , ran Into n washout two miles north of Wash- hum. The entire train was wrecked , nine people were killed , seven of them almost Instantly , and about twenty Injured , twelve of them badly. The greatest casualties occurred In the llrst sleeper. The third coach tel escoped this car , the lloor of the coach passing through the sleeper Just about on a level with the lower berths In the sleeper when they were made up. The passengers In the sleeper were nearly all caught and crushed to death almost Instantly. One man was killed so ( illicitly that ho died with a smile- on his lips. It was necessary to chop nearly all out of this car. The most terrible Incident of the wreck was the manner in which Will- lam Schollan of Waterloo suffered. He was caught In the sleeper and pinned down so that escape was impossible , one arm being pinioned so solidly that it was Impossible to release him. The passengers worked with all their might to release him , but without avail. In the meantime the water was ris ing up around him , and in n short time the unfortunate man must drown like a rat in a cago. He begged those about him to cut his arm off. There was not a physician on the train , ami all hesitated to do anything. Finally an old saw was secured and his arm was sawed off. It was a horrible and sickening sight , and It was with the greatest dlfliculty that the operation was per formed. Schollau never utterd a word , but the strain was too great , and he died shortly after being taken to his homo In Waterloo. The track has been repaired and trains are once more run over It. The Northwestern has all Its trains tied up In this city. - There is a bad washout between Watkins and Blnirs- town , and it is Impossible to run trains over It. The Milwaukee agreed to take the trains around by the way of Marlon over the main line to Tama , but Its track is in bad shape near Vln- ing and the road was compelled to rescind the order. The list of dead is as follows : 13. L. Arnold , lumberman , Minneapolis , Minn. ; W. A. McLaughlln , Muskegon , Mich. ; R. H. Schwettc , Alton , 111. ; David Hallo , Minneapolis ; F. S. Car penter , St. Louis ; Hawkins , I'ull- man conductor ; George Walnwright , train conductor ; Will Schollan of Wat erloo ; one unknown person. Among the injured were : S. 13. Dentley , Waterloo , la. ; Reuben Odell , Waterloo , la. ; Herman Klein Dent , Waterloo , la. ; S. II. Hashoor , Waterloo lee , la. ; Miss Anna NJoss , from Nor way , right leg badly bruised ; Miss Os- trando , Norwegian , hand and face bad ly bruised ; Ornon Norredy , Norweg ian , serious injury to chest ; John E. Johnson , Norwegian , serious Injury to head and face. ( Jon. Otln lloports. WASHINGTON , D. C. , May 23. The war department today made public the following dispatch from General Oti , commanding at Manila : MANILA , May 28. Two battalions of the Twenty-third Infantry are In the quiet possession of .Tolo. The Spanish troops have withdrawn trom Zamboanga after a battle with the in surgents , with severe loss to the lat ter. The Spanish loss Is nine killed and twenty-seven wounded , among whom was Commanding General Mon- tero , who died from his wounds and was hurled here yesterday. The in surgents used the rifles , artillery and ammunition captured from the gun boats , expending the major part of the ammunition. A conference folloA'ed between General Rlos , who went from Manila to withdraw the troops , and Insurgents. The latter stated to him that he would not oppose the landing of Americans , but would accept the conditions in Luzon. The Spanish troops withdrawn are now here ind will depart for Spain tomorrow. A feeble attack by the insurgents on the inhabitants of the southeast portion tion of Negros necessitated the sending of a battalion of troops from Manila there. They will soon restore or.ler Insurgent falsehoods circulated in the southern islands of overwhelming in surgent victories in Luzon keep up an excitement in that section among the more ignorant classes , although the in telligent people know that American arms have never met a reverse nnc ! they call for United States protection Have turned over to the navy for use on the coast of the southern Is lands n number of purchased Spanish gunboats , from which excellent results are expected. OTIS. Leud MOII'H Niiincfl on the ItollN. HAVANA , May 29. There were 111 applicants yesterday for shares In the $3,000,000 which the United States has offered to the Cuban troops. Thirty were given $75 each. The others were not on the rolls , although they hn < guns which they were ready to turn in and certificates of service. The United States military authori ties consider that the rolls are very unreliable. Indeed , the opinion la freely expressed that large proportion of the names arc fictitious. rhytdclnn Kudu 1IU Mfo , KANSAS CITY , May 29. Dr. R'ch- mend Cornwall , a prominent local ohy- slclan , with a varied career , commit ted suicide at the homo of his brother * In-law , Dr. J. C. Whlttier , today , shoot ing himself through the head and dy ing almost Instantly. He left a note saying that despondency over fitiin clal affairs prompted the act. OUnBtrou * Cyclone In Nobnukii , CENTRAL CITY , Neb. , May 23. The most destructive r.yclone In ths history of western Nebraska swop the northern part of Hamilton count } and wrecks left by the terrific twirle : have been coming Into Central City along with homeless families , who re sldod In the path of the storm. Spar ing of human life was the stran es freak of the cyclone. Not one llfo was lost and only a few people Injured , and those not seriously. rfli Cool Air and Freedom from Anxloty a Help HE WILL SOON BE HIMSELF AGAIN Admit-ill f.hliiR Contpuriith cly Quirt , Declining AlHiiy tlrgontilinltiitlon * A I.eUuroly Voyngo on Mm Wuy Home , Which Ho Will Itriirh About ( ) cloln < r 1. HONG KONG , May 27 ( New York Vorld Cablegram. ) I gave to A lmi- al Dewey today his llrst informiiMoa hat the city of Now York will expend ; 150,000 and the state of Now York ; 7G,000 In giving n lilting welcome lomo to the here of Manila bay. The admiral expressed himself as amazed nt the lavish preparations for ils reception , adding 'I wish you would convey to the public my grateful thanks. " The admiral's itinerary after loav- ng Hong Kong is Indefinite. The re- mlrs to his flagship , the Olympic , will bo finished In about a week , ho expects. When they are done to his satisfaction ho will sail immediately for New York. Regarding his home ward voyage ho said : "I cnnnot say definitely when I snnll reach home , but piobably it will bo nbout the 1st of October. The navy department very kindly has permitted mo to select my own route and tnko my own time. " As the officers and men of the Olympla have been in Manila bay moro than n year with no recreation , they deserve consideration. So I shall proceed toward home leisurely , stay ing awhile at various ports in or der to give the men some merited rec reation. " When Admiral Dcwey arrived in Hong Kong it cost him an effort to even write a letter , but the cool air of the Peak district has acted like a wonderful tonic and ho has recuperat ed rapidly. He walks out every even ing with United States Consul General Wlldman. There is no doubt of his complete recovery ultimately. While he re mains here ho will live in comparative quiet. He is constantly declining ttie invitations of his large number of callers. His presence has aroused all classes to a high pitch of enthusi- been tendered him by the governor of Hong Kong , all the olllclal bodies , the boards of trade , the Hong Kong club and many Individuals. The ad miral will probably dine at the Hong Kong club with Consul General Wild man and with the governor If his health permits. WASHINGTON , May 27. Admiral Dewey telegraphs the navy depart ment that he will stop at various places on his way to the United States and will reach Now York about Oc tober 1. Admiral Dowoy's dispatch did not enumerate the points where the Olympla will touch on route to New York. It may be that an effort will bo made to ascertain these for the benefit of officials of some of the towns , especially along the Mediter ranean , who may desire to take official notice of the visit to their ports of tlio distinguished naval olllcor and his famous flagship. Some of Dewey's friends In the navy department suspect that the admiral is purposely evading a statement of his Itinerary , desiring to avoid as far as possible nil demonstrations. Ono result of the postponement of the admiral's arrival in this country until October is the imposshility of the admiral being present at the Grand Army of the Republic encampment at jpniladolphla. His friends there say that after all that was the only occa sion which the admiral had positively promised to attend and they intimate that in having been obliged by ills health to decline the dinner at Hong Kong in honor of the queen's birthday Admiral Dewey will find it impossible to depart from the rule he there estab lished and attend nny banquets or popular demonstrations in this coun try. Most of the time of Admiral Dewey before his return , It is expected , will be passed in the Mediterranean ports and n generous part at Malta and Gibraltar and perhaps , coming by the southern route , tlio Olympln will touch nt the Azores and Bermuda. NEW YORK , May 27 A dispatch to the Journal and Advertiser from Hong Kong says : Admiral Dewey shows great Improvement nlrendy. Installed spaciously at the Peak hotel , with lofty windows thnt catch every mouthful of wind from the sea , ho is losing the air of languor that ho wore when ho landed from his blistered cruiser. It was rest that he needed rest and cooler air. Ho is getting both. Soci ety at the Peak is well bred. There nre no disturbing factors there. It Is here that the English officers and their wives , the government officials , the rich merchants and distinguished trav elers take refuge from the heat and nojso of the town. They all feel a deep interest In the hero of Manila bay , but they respect his desire for quiet. I'rrsldont Miiy VUlt Omnlm. WASHINGTON , May 27. Senator Carter of Montana said today that the president had promised to make a trip through the Yellowstone National Park this summer and now that Ad miral Dowpy will not reach the Unit ed States before October 1 , the presi dent will arrange his western tr'p ' at once , leaving here about July 1. St. Paul will entertain the president and Omaha , It Is expected , will lie includ ed in his Itinerary. Secretary Wilson of the agricultural department said this afternoon that it was his inten tion to make the trip with the presi dent should ho go to the Pacific coast , and otherwise he would go to the Pa cific coast alone. r.i-rroiildnnt HoiicliOH Turin. PARIS , May 27. Former President Benjamin Harrison , who Is acting as the legal representative of Venezuela on the boundary commission which meets hero on Juno 15 , has arrived in this city. The United States ambas sador , General Horace Porter , is ar ranging for an interview between President Loubet and Mr. Harrison. MORE TROOPS ARE NEEDED , Army lit I'hlllpplniK 1'imlilr to ( Inrrlnon Cnpturml Teriltory. MANILA , May 27. The events of the last week liuvn omphn l/rd the need of a much larger army hero , without which , according to the beat authorities In Manila , It would bo at tempting the impossible to expect to establish American supremacy In the Philippine Islands. The Inadequacy of the American forces is said to bo re sponsible for the largo total loss In the number of small encounters , wlth out material results as a compensa tion. Most of the lighting has been in territory which the Americans had swept , but had been compelled to abandon because they could not spare troops to hold It. The forces commanded by Generals luaeArthur and Lawton held two Im portant lines of communication and commerce , tlio railroad to San Fer nando and the Rio Grande river. Hut much of the country they huvo swept , Including scores of tlio smaller towns and some of the larger ones , have boon left uncovered , simply for want of men to hold them , and the insur gents have returned and are occupy ing the towns the Americans aban doned and are camping in the Jungles and woods outside others , on the watch for chances to harass the gar risons and attack scouting parties or detached companies with greater forces. 'This is tlio kind of warfare they prefer to regular battlea. It appears that the Filipinos who attacked the Third regiment between San Miguel and Unlluag were part of I'lo dnl Pllar's army. They cnmo from the south across the mountains , pre sumably to meet a wagon train which General Lnwton expected along the road. They also planned to capture several largo detachments and were placed In ambush at different points. They fired from the Jungle nt n dls- tanco of 200 yards and gave the Amer icans ono of the hardest tights experi enced in the campaign. The Filipinos lost more heavily than the Americans In nil of the recent encounters. The insurgent generals take the loss of arms more to heart than they do the loss of men. Foreigners who have arrived hero from the insurgents' country , under the recent order of expulsion , say tlio cemeteries in all the towns nre filled with fresh graves. A majority of the Filipinos' wounded dlo because the insurgent hospitals are Inadequate , medicines arc scarce and they have few surgeons except Spanish captives who have been impressed. MODIFIES THE CIVIL SERVICE. I'realdcnt Approiex Cluing to Ho Mailo In the Hull's WASHINGTON , May 27. The cab inet meeting yesterday was dovned to the consideration of minor matters. The final changes In the civil sorvlco order were approved and the order will be ready for tlio president's signa ture as soon as the changes nre In corporated Into the final draft of the cabinet expressed themselves as sat isfied with it. It is said the order will exempt about 4,000 of the 05,000 posi tions in the classified service. The question of Cuban shipping was again brought up by Secretary Gage , who furnished some data showing that the amount of shipping tied up be cause It lias no fiag to sail under has been greatly exaggerated. It was re ported thnt the shipping was valued at ? 0,000,000 , but It turns out that there are only six or seven vessels. These vessels could sail under the American fiag If they wore owned by Amer'can ' citizens. The question , with the data furnisod by the Treasury department , was turned over to the attorney gen eral and Secretary Hny for examina tion and report. Postmaster General Smith brought up the franking privilege in Cuba and Porto Rico. Under the old Span ish law many municipal and local of ficials were entitled to the franking privilege and have been allowed to exercise it since we assumed control. The postmaster general read a letter from Major Rnthbono , who Is at the head of the postal affairs In C'lba , saying that the number of persons ex ercising this privilege Is excessive and the question arose as to whether It would not be wise to cut the privilege off altogether. It Is largely a question of policy and Postmaster General Smith will ascertain exactly to what extent the privilege Is exercised and report to the cabinet before final ac tion is determined upon. The postmaster general has decided to send a special agent to Lake City , S. C. , for the purpose of examining the situation there , with a view to deter mining whether or not n postolllco shall bo re-established there. KriniiliiH of Col HtotMmilirrg LINCOLN. May 27. Unless other arrangements are made the remains of Colonel John M. Stotsenborg will arrive in Omaha today at 4:45 : over the Union Pacific. Governor Poynter to day received n dispatch from Mrs. Stotsenberg , who Is returning with the remains of her husband , expressing her willingness to come to this city with the body If the war department will make the necessary arrangements. The friends of Colonel Stotsenberg are anxious to hold memorial services in this city and several days ago the war department was requested to al low the remains to bo brought here Sunday. No reply has been received , but it is thought the request will bo granted. Sohloy to AHcmid rilio'n I'ruko , DENVER. May 27. Rear Admiral Schley and the remainder of Former Senator Mandcrson's party took an early train today for Colorado Springs. They will ascend Plko'H Peak by rail and will visit the Garden of the Gods and other points in and about Colorado rado Springs and Mnnltou. A public reception will ho held this evening at the Alta Vista hotel , Colorado Springs. Tomorrow morning the party will re sume its westward Journey in a special train provided by the Denver & Rio Grande railroad. DelngiitcH Ntlrlc to IiiHtrnrtlon * . WASHINGTON , Mny 27. It is learned that the American dolegites to the disarmament congress at The Hague , are working In conformity with the instructions they originally received from the state department. They have communicated so far but DALK.Y . AND POULT11Y. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. How Sun-OMful runner * O | > rnt Thin l > nmrltiii > nt of tlio Purm A Vmv lllntH IK to tlio Cum of I.hw Slock unil 1'oiiltry. Hinging ( Impel. From Farmers' Review : This proc ess is the removal of a small section of the bark surrounding the cnno for the purpose of obstructing the down ward How of Bap , which Is thereby caused to accumulate In excessive quantities in the portions of the cano nbovo the ring , and to supply these portions richly with food materials. Experiments were tried last summer to test tlio results of ringing on sev eral varieties. The rings of bark were removed In the period between Juno 27 and July 5 , when the grapes were from one-third to one-half grown. The wluth of the ring removed in most cases was one-half Inch , but on some canes only one-fourth Inch. The fol lowing notes taken nt the time of rip ening indicate the results on each variety : Concord showed tlio first on the ringed canes to bo slightly larger and n day or two In advance of the fruit of the rest of the vino. Cambridge showed the fruit on the ringed canes to bo Inrgor , of bettor quality and two or three days earlier than that on other canes. Brighton showed no difference in quality or size , but three days differ ence in oarllucas. Columbian Imperial showed very great difference in size , the berries averaged ono-ilfth larger on the ringed than on the unrlnged canes , while the ringed cnuoa ripened fruit two weeks earlier than other canes of the same vines. Agnwnln showed only n slight dlffor- enco In size and carllncss. Herbert showed no difference except that the fruit on the ringed canes was poorer In quality than the rest. Moore a Early showed no perceptible difference in size , quality or earllncss. Niagara showed the fruit on the ringed canes to bo two days earlier and slightly superior in quality to that on the unrlnged canes. The Delaware showed better and earlier fruit on the ringed than on the unrlnged canes , but showed the best fruit whore only a small section of the bark had boon removed. The best results were obtained on canes whore the bark ovorg'row the sections from which it had boon ro- inoved. Where the bark overgrows the section about the time the first begins to rlpon the surplus food ma terial in the cane Is drawn away Into the lower parts of the vine and the fruit ripens with only n normal quan tity of food material present. If the section is not overgrown , the excess of food remains , the fruit is forced to rlpon with thin excess on hand , and hence ripens improperly. The width of the section of bark to ho removed should vary according to the vigor of the cano and the variety. On strong canes of vigorous varieties throe- fourths of an inch is not too much while on feeble varieties one-fourth of an inch .may bo sufficient. Thin Needing of drain. Less grain per aero Is sown in this country than by English farmers , with whom three to three and one-half bushels of oats are often deemed nec essary , says American Cultivator. Eng lish summers are nearly always moist , and as farm laud is generally rich It needs this thick seeding to innko the plants crowd each other from the start and thus prevent too luxuriant growth. Hero such a seeding on land of mod erato fertility might not produce any thing but the straw of grain without any heads. Wo once drilled some oats in n field and found at the end of the row that a wider balk was made than the single width of the drill passing across the rows at each end would cov er. Wo wore only sowing with the drill two bushels of seed per acre , BO wo thought , not to leave any balks , to drill twlco across each end. But the second drill width , though It made u good appearance , early dried up and amounted to nothing about the tttno the oats should head out. If clean , sound , plump oats can ho had , a bushel and a half drilled In with sorno phosphate Is hotter than a great er quantity. There is no crop , not oven wheat , to which commercial phosphate Is so well adapted as the oat. With this light seeding of oats , which should , always bo drilled early , wo gave the oats n light harrowing Just after the young shoots begun to coino up. This broke down the ridges between - twoon the rows , and entirely covered the leaves that first put forth. But it gave a great stimulus to root growth , and in a few days two or thrco or may bo more shoots would ho put forth by the root for every leaf that was destroyed. The harrowing also loosened the surface soli , so that any crust formed by rains will bo broken. The now leaves will start up so quick ly and so plentifully that no more crust will form on the surface through the season. Such grain always cov ers the ground at harvest with a bet ter crop than can bo got from two to two and one-half bushels of seed sown per acre , but not harrowed after the grain comes up. The grain grown from such light seeding is nearly always plump and full , and Is worth more for seed ttian grain grown in the usual way. On rich land with a fair season we have grown 90 to 100 bushels of oats from so light a seeding as ono and one-half bushels per acre. Nor need this be sur prising as a single out grain has bpcn known to produce six to seven stems , bearing a head well filled with oats. It IB plain that as usually sown much of the seed onts full to produce nny thing. Onts are often threshed whlla still damp from the field , and it such onts are put In close bins the vitality of their germ ia quickly destroyed by licntlnc. To make sure of getting nound seed onta they should not bo threshed until winter , and never bo allowed to hent In oven the least dcgroo. Every such seed put Into the ground will not only grow , but It can bo niado to produce n hundred fold , though this is hnrd to secure under ordinary crop conditions. All our grains arc doubt less for our cllmnto sown more thickly than IB necessary , More attention to the quality of seed and Its ability to germinate would pay farmers bettor. Grnln thnt either will noLpow , or that makes such a feohlo growtn that neigh boring grain dwarfs It , Is about the niont exnonslvo manure n farmer can use. Yet thin is what many farmers are doing with a largo part of the seed grain that they put Into the soil , whore it simply rots and furnishes plant foot } for the seed that could gonnlunto. IrrlgiUIng Htntuhorrli'i. Irrigation has two distinct advan tages ; it discounts the possibility of loss from drouth , and increases fruit production. Some commercial grow ers have oven trebled the average yield' by Judicious Irrigation. But there are disadvantages , also. The fruit Is like ly to bccomo soft and unfit for long shipment ; a deterioration in quality usually accompanies an abundant water supply ; and , again , the season is retarded several days. If ono Is catering to a personal and discrimi nating market , where quality is ap preciated , it would bo wise to think twlco before irrigating frequently dur ing the fruiting auaaou. None of those objections holds where irrigation is practiced during the summer preceding fruitage , and to my mind , this is Its legitimate place In strawberry culture. I bollovo thnt crop production depends nioro on conditions during the first season's growth than tlio second , and thnt our aim should bo to carry great lusty crowns Into the winter with plenty of reserve strength. S. W. Fletcher In Rural Now Yorker. McHt for ( Iroxring Clilcltfl. According to experiment made atone ono of the stations meat Is of great advantage to growing chicks , and the feeding of a ration containing a good portion of animal food is found to be less expensive than has generally been figured out. This is duo to the fact that while it costs more per pound , yet the results are so much better than with n grain food alone , that ono can afford to pay more. This probably would not bo true to so great an ex tent with grown fowls , whore the product Is , to bo eggs and flesh formed on n developed frame. The great ad vantage of tlio meat diet is to start the fowls Into llfo with vigorous consti tutions and habits. It should bo re membered that in their natural state fowls live largely off of insects and , other forms of animal life. The whole grain ration Is rather hard on the di gestion of the growing chick. It seems to us that it would pay to feed grow ing chicks more meat , especially where it can bo purchased nt n low rate. A few cents worth of lean moat scraps per day would not mean a largo in vestment , but If fed for even n few weeks would richly pay in a more vig orous habit of growth established in the chick. VltrlollihiK Seed Wheat. For Email quantities of seed , vltrlo- lizlug on n floor , In sacks , tubs , etc. , does vary well , but for largo quanti ties it is too slow , writes C. H. Lester in Dakota Farmer. Heretofore I have used n wagon tank with the top re moved , set on two benches so placed thnt a lift of a hundred pounds at the front will raise that end ton or twelve inches to secure drainage. Place tank convenient to seed bin. Nail double thickness of wire screen on inside ever , plug hole at back end of tank. Plnco thrco barrels at back of tank into which put your vitriol solution , and also p'nco ' a largo wash tub under the drainage vent. The vitriol solution will hnvo to bo constantly replenished as well. I would here suggest that when yon buy your vitriol , you have It finely ground when Itwill readily dissolve In cold water , and don't use tin palls to handle it with as the ac tion of the vitriol will niln them. Hav ing thus made preparations , fill the tank nearly full of wheat and level it , then dip solution from barrels Into tank until the grain is entirely sub merged. Lot stand two minutes. No skimming or stirring is needed as the soaking Is sufficient to kill vitality of smut balls. Knock out drainage plug and let fluid flow Into washtub , from which dip it hack into barrels to bo used again. When the flow becomes sluggish raise front of tank and allow to drain. The action of the vitriol water generates a slight heat and a tendency of the grain to bako. Usually In about an hour nftor draining , the wheat can bo scooped Into a wagon box or sacked. If sacked , fill sacks only two-thirds full and in a few hours change their position In order to move the grain in the sacks to facilitate dry ing. Handled in this way the coed dries very fast and in from three to four hours should be In good condi tion to sow. For largo quantities , 1,500 bushels , or over , I would use a grain tank , well battened , and holdIng - Ing about ono hundred bushels in place of the wagon tank. A Stock Melon. The largo "stock melon" is believed worthy of more general cultivation In Oklahoma. It is easily grown , gives a largo yield and the melons are well liked by cattle - tlo , hogs and poultry. They have much water ; are not suitable as to sole food of any class of animals , but make an attractive part of the ration In hito fall or early winter.