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DAIRY AND POULTEY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. Hovr Snccoaful 1'nrineri Opornto This Department of the Farm A Irow Hints n to tlio Care of Live Stock nnd Poultry. Poultry Notes. Those unreasonable hens ! Hero some philanthropist has been advising to allow at least ono foot per hen on the perch , and the hens wont oven use the space when it is given them. There Ecems to bo an unaccountable dcslro on the part of hens to crowd together In a bunch and to roost closely. A hen seldom takes moro than eight Inches of space and no amount of carpenter work can make her take more. It would be far moro reasonable If the hen would only decide to occupy the middle of her allotted foot on the roost. She would not catch Hco from the other fowls at leapt. But our cx- perlenco Is that wo cannot got the hens over to our way of thinking. Wo do not say glvo each hen at least a foot of room on the roost , but glvo them all they will occupy. Moro Is useless. A poultry writer asserts that It has not been proved that llrno , ground bone and oyster shells help at all in the formation of egg shells , public opinion to the contrary notwith standing. Ho may bo right , but there are some things that seem to indicate that the material thus obtained Id utilized In somo. way to make egg shells. Hens will ruff'oagorly after an egg shell unless they have all the bono meal or ground bone they want. They will even attack whole eggs to satisfy their cravings In that direc tion. If none of the material goes Into their system It is hard to see why they should have such cravings for the ma terial mentioned. The cravings of fowls for some form of lime Is paral lelled In the animal world by the crav ings of oven wild animals for salt A3 Is well known salt licks In various parts of the country wore so called from the custom of wild animals com ing long distance ? to lick the salt that oozed out with the water. We know that salt Is needed in the animal economy and It Is to bo presumed that forms of lime are used In the special functions of the fowl that of laying an egg with a shell composed of lime. We are not satisfied that the fowl .does not utilize this mineral matter. There are powerful acids at work In the bodies of the fowls that are doubtless able to make even mineral matter ser viceable. At least wo advise to keep right on feeding lime in some form. Some of our agricultural colleges nnd experiment stations make the mls- take of putting Inexperienced men at the head of departments , believing that they are smart fellows and will soon learn enough from others to make up for lack of experience. When this Is done the college or experi ment station authorities should cau tion the young men not to talk too much , and especially not to run Into print It is almost as bad when boards of trade take up subjects they want elucidated and hire inexperienced men to do the work. A report on the Poul try Industry of Colorado , issued by the Denver Chamber of Commerce Is an example of this. The man that did the work on It certainly knows noth ing practically about the raising of poultry and production of eggs. He devotes a good deal of space to showIng - Ing what a f01 tune may bo made from a 300-hen outfit It is easy. Ho flg- ures it out that the hens will lay easily 144 eggs each , or 43,200 eggs. Ho says that half arc sure to hatch and this makes 21,600 chicks , 70 per cent of which are sure to grow to ma turity even when cared for only by the old hen. Ho thus gets 10,800 chicks to the age of 14 weeks and sells them all at 40 cents apiece , and has an Income - come of ? 1,320. All expenses he puts at ? 1GOO , and leaves a net profit of § 2,820 , or ? 9.40 cents for each of the .100 hens. But this is not all. He sug gests that by planting fruit trees in the hen yards the entire cost of care and feed could be made from the fruit , leaving the entire receipts for the poultry , clear profit , or $14.40 per hen. The writer , B. L. Wlnchel , then asserts that this is not a "fancy sketch. " ' S vl , - * " - " . " Drtlry Notes. " ' ; r > " The recent decision of a Michigan * . , . ' , court that the Michigan law against tin coloring of oleomargarine Is void shows how hard It Is to frame a law that cannot bo picked to pieces by lawyers and judges determined to prove It void. The court ruled against y the validity of the act on the ground jjj , . that the heading to the act "was not ' worded so that anyone reading the , headline would see that It referred to the coloring of ojomargarlnev ) The title to the act reads : "An act to p'ro- hlblt and prevent Adulteration , Fraud and Deception in the Manufacture and , - Sale of Articles of Food and Drink. " The court held that the coloring of oleomargarine , though forbidden by . / the law , could not como under the , ; , . words Adulteration , Fraud or Decep- ( ' tlon , slnco all people know that the oleomargarine is colored. f Sowo men make light of the efforts to stamp out tuberculosis. They claim that the whole situation is overdrawn , and that there is really Httlo tubercu losis among our cattle not enough to make It worth while to worry over it. Yet the slaughter of tuberculous cattle ? 'f" ' Is constantly going on. Wo believe 7\ ; that if some of these sceptics will , , -7' T visit the Union Stock Yards , Chicago , 1 fe. when the slaughter of tuborculous cat- ' * e tlo is proceeding they will never again oppose measures tended to eradicate the disease , and will henceforth have confidence in the tuberculin tost. Among the cows slaughtered last week were twelve from a dairy herd that supplies milk to Downor'o Grove , 111. , The owner had thirty-five cows and desired the tuberculin test applied to them , and in fact paid a private veter inarian to do the work. Out of the thirty-five cows tested twelve reacted. On slaughter three of thcso wcro found to bo only slightly affected , and their flesh waa passed for food. The other nluo were so badly diseased that they were sent to the rendering tank.to bo made into fertilizer. The lungs of thcso animals were yellow with tubercles , and In some cases the cntlr6 lungs wcro masses of pus. Ono of the cows was so badly diseased that when the lung was cut Into the pus spurted a foot and the stench was very offensive. To use a common term , this cow was "rotten inside. " Yet the milk from them had been used for a long time by the people ple of Downer's Grove. Fortunately the udders of all these cows showed no signs of being tuberculous , and this would tend to reduce the danger. Yet to say there Is no danger In the milk from such cows is going too far. The query naturally arises In ones mind : If this ono herd had over 34per cent of tuberculous cows In It , how about the other herds that arc supplying milk to Chicago ? Is It likely that this was the only herd affected by the dreadful disease ? The answer can bo given on general principles. There must bo numerous herds supplying milk to Chicago cage where tuberculosis has obtained a firm foothold. More than that , an examination of these herds would show many affected udders. ) - ' 1 CIS' KT Care of Colts' Fcot. Now that horses are again In ptreat demand and the supply la deficient. breeder can afford to look well to the feet of his young stock. Our horses have naturally sound feet If proper care la taken of them but carelessness Imposes upon the horse numerous preventable troubles. Where horses are bred upon rocky lands or where gravel abounds In the soil the hoofs are pretty well worn down to normal proportions without man's Interfer ence ; hut upon our rich corn-produc ing soil there is no chanceof such wear taking place , the result being that the feet grow out of all proper tion. The too as a rule grows too long and as a result the weight of the colt comes upon the frogs , or the walls at the quarters beoomo too high and the frog not coming Into ground-bearing snrlnks up , retracts Into the solo or the foot and contracted heels are the result Frequently , too , wo flnd that where the feet are not kept properly trimmed and rasped level , cracks ap pear and sometimes extend to the coronet Again , when a colt is Bold and gets into the blacksmith's hands , If ho has ncvor worn shoes upon the hind feet , we flnd them grown out of all proportion and the smith docs at once In most heroic style the work of trimming which should have been a gradual process. He then nails on a high-hoeled shoo and the poor horse unaccustomed to hard roads goes out to work feeling terribly uncomfortable with his iron appendages and promptly begins to Interfere and soon has his hind ankles swollen , sore and wound ed , a condition it Is always very dif ficult to remedy , owing to the mutila tion that has taken place at the hands of the blacksmith. The horse breeder will do well to examine the feet of his colts frequent ly and promptly set matters right by the intelligent use of the rasp and in doing so will discover all cases of "thrush" which , if not cured at once , may lead to chronic trouble and cer tainly abnormalities in horn growth. The feet of all farm animals require similar attention for It would prevent - vent such troubles aa "foul" In the feet of cattle , foot rot In sheep and lameness in hogs. Profitable Chickens. .Tames Rankln of South Easton , Mass. , reports an unusually good season for spring chickens. He says , In Reliable Poultry Journal , "Wo hatched about 12,000 birds and got them out some six weeks earlier than any of the other growers , and we had , as it were , the control of the market during that time. Wo commenced shipping March 1 and marketed nearly 1,000 birds at 35c per lb. , and as thcso birds dressed 11 Ibs. per pair and represented a feed value of but 25c each , there was some profit connected with It. " ( That is pretty good. Each bird sold for $1.92 and represented a feed cost of but 25 cents. That left an apparent profit of $1.62 % or fl.G25 for the first 1,000 birds. Of course , there were other expenses , but probably none that would greatly re duce the profits. Ed. F. R. ) A Jealous Cow. A strange piece of spite on the part of a cow Is reported from Slough , says the British Dairy. Farmer. The animal belonged to Mr. Johnson , a farmer , and on a valuable horse Le'ing driven Inlo'the farmyard the cow charged at It , and Inflicted such injuries that It died. A strange feature in the case Is that after the cow had brought the horse down she appeared to relent , and while the suf fering animal Jay In the stable under treatment she was constantly at the door , and resented any attempt to drive her off. Mr. Johnson attributes the cow's strange conduct to Jealousy , as the horse was often patted and made much of , and the cow was a young ono which ho had reared hlm- Eelf. Dally Inspect the poultry house for red mites. It is better to get the start of them than to have them get the start of you. Have the roost fixtures movable , so the droppings will not always fall in the same placo. The air can then dry them out. Financiers Vend of runny filuft. The man whoso dally life runs In the channel of finance frequently resorts to diversions which arc antipodal to his business. The head of the finance of the nation , Secretary Gage , Is fond of humorous literature after ho has quit his office. The writings of several of the more prominent authors of this class are marked as they appear in the dally prints and arc laid upon the sec retary'n desk. The work of the closer cartoonists of the day are also clipped , credited to the paper In which It ap pears , and put under the proper paper weight on his desk. JASON CROW , OSCARVILLE , OA. Writes us , May 31 , 1899 : "I feel It my duty to wrllo and let you know what your medicine. ' 5 Drops , ' has done for mo. I have had rheumatism about eighteen years , but was able to bo up most of the time until a year ago last May , when I was taken down and not able to move about About six weeks ago I saw your advertisement and wrote for a sample bottle. After tak ing a few doses It did mo so much good that I ordered some moro for myself and friends , and In every case It has done wonders and given perfect satisfaction. "Dr. Woodllff , nly family physician , who has had rhci'matism for fifteen yearn , is taking the 'C Drops , ' and says it is the most efficient rheumatic incd- Iclno he has ever used. " " 5 Drops" is the most powerful spe- 'dflc known. Free fium opiates and perfectly harmless. It Is a perfect euro for Rheumatism , Sciatica , Neuralgia , Dyspepsia , Backache. AiUhina , Catarrh , La Grippe , Neuralgic Meadache , etc. If you or any of your fr'cnds are suf fering , do not delay , but send for a bottle of " 5 Drops. " Large-sized bottles tles (300 doses ) , $1. For the next thirty days wo will mall a 25-cent sample bottle for 10 cents. SWANSON RHEUMATIC CURE CO. , 1GO to 1G4 E. Lake Street , Chicago. 111. Most men begin to save after they have spenl all. Tor E\cry Household. The sewing machine bargain adver tised by the John M. Smyth Co. In an other part of this paper should in terest every housekeeper. The firm Is thoroughly reliable , having been es tablished In Chicago over 30 years and anyone dealing with them may bo assured of square treatment. Get tholr mammoth catalogue of everything to eat , wear or uso. Some men cut acquaintances while scraping them barbers , for example. Mrs. Pinkham's Medicine Made a New Woman of Mrs. Kuhn. [ LETTEK TO UBS. FINKUAU NO. 4,492 ] " DEAR Mns. PJNKIIAM I think it fa my duty to write to you expressing my sincere gratitude for the wonder ful relief I have experienced by the use of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound. I tried different doctors , also different kinds of medicine. I would feel better at times , then would be as bad as ever. 4' For eight years I was a great suf ferer. I had falling of the womb and was in such misery at my monthly periods I could not work but a little before I would have to lie down. Your medicine has made a new woman of mo. J can now work all day and not get tired. I thank you for what you have done for me. I shall always pralso your medicine to all suffering women. " Mns. E. E. KUHN , GEKMAJJO , Ouio. " I have taken eight bottles of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and used two packages of your Sana tive Wash , also home of the Liver Pills , and I can say that your remedies will do all that you claim for them. Before taking your remedies I was very bad with womb trouble , waa nervous , had no ambition , could not sleep , and my food teemed to do me no good. Now I am well , and your mcdicino has cured me. I will gladly recommend your mcd icino to every ono wherever I go. " MRS. M. L. SIIEAP.S , GUNMAKSII , MICH. Trnnsrniil Stnmi'n Morn Costly. The price of old Transvaal stamps Booms to bo rising In value. Among Iho First Republic Trnnsvanl Btnraps uls- poscd of at a snlo In London a tow ( lays ngo wcro n 3d (1877) ) slnnip , Bar- chnrgod at back , .C7j n Id error , (1877-70) ( ) , surcharged "Transvaal , ' 29 ; a .Id lilac on green of the snmo period , without surclmrgo , 15 10s. Among the Second Republic stamps was a half-penny on a Od stamp with queen's head , 10. At the biimo s.tis a 15c reunion , first Issue , brought 3. ? , a 30c reunion , first Issue , XMG , end n pair of 2d Mauritius , 4H. In a recent talk about the Algon quin language , Dr. Edward Everett Halo observed that GOO words of any language are enough for human com munication. "Six hundred words , " ho said , "arc said to bo suillclcnt for the couriers of Europe , and It Is the outsldo limit of the vocabulary of Italian opera. It is true that this Is the minimum of human Intelligence , Ir both cases , but still It answera for the conveyance of thought. In the book of Judges , for Instance , there arc not 700 different words. Tliero la n CI s of People .Who are Injured by the use of coffeo. Recently there has been plareii In all the grocery stores a new preparation called GRAIN-0 , made of pure grains , that takes the place of coffee. The most delicate stomach receives It without distress , and but few can tell It from coffee. It docs not cost over one-fourth as much. Children may drink It with great benefit. 15 cents and 25 centa per package. Try It. Ask lor GRAIN-0. New 1 mention * . Four hundred and ninety-six (4'JG ( ) Inventors received patents during the past week. Of this number 31 per cent were able to sell 5) thclr inventions be- : . O fore the same were patented. Amongst the curious ln\en- tlons were found a machine for thin ning seed sprouts ; a cup which can be converted Into a turban ; an automatic lamp extinguisher ; a mMk-pasteurlzlng apparatus ; a smoke purifying tobacco pipe ; a revolving shed for storing bi cycles ; and an automatic rolling r.utcr for plows. Amongst the gruesome in ventions is one for a collln hinged in sections so that the corpse can be rais ed into a sitting position , while an Omaha Inventor obtained a patent for a trolley which cannot jump or become detached from the trolley wire. The last named Invention patented was pro cured through Sues & Co. , Patent Law yers , Bee Bldg , Omaha , Neb. The only tea gardens in the Unted States are at Plnehurst , S. C. Dr. bhephard's estate comprises about 700 acres , of which between CO and 100 acres are now planted to tea. How's Tills ? TVe offer Ono Hundred Dollars row.ircl fornny ease of Catarrh that cannot bo cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. F. J. CHENEY & CO. , Props. , Toledo. O. Wo , the underslBiied , have linown P. J. Cheney for the Inst 15 years tind bollcvo htm perfectly honorable In nil business transactions and financially able to carry out any obliga tions made by their llrm. West & Truax , Wholesale Druggists. Toledo , O. ; Waldlng , Klnnnn & Marvin , Wholesale Drupijlsts , Toledo , Ohio. Hall's Catarrh Cure In talccn Internally , act ing directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. 1'rlco T5o per bottle. Sold by nil druggists. Hall's Family Pills uro the best. Care-not Is a greater hindrance to success than cannot. THE GRIP CORE THAT DOES CORE. Laxative Uromo Qulnlno Tablets removes the cause that produces Lti Grlppo. 13. W. Grove's signature Is on each box. i.5c. The first thing you see In boiling water Is the scum. I shall recommend Plso's Cure for'.Con- sumption far nnd wide. Mrs. Mulligan , Plumstead , Kent , Kuslaud , Nov. 8 , Ibto. The Individual wio tells the truth with deliberate caution Isn't believed half so often as the fellow wno can Ho gracefully. Chicago News. The moon revolves from one point in the heavens to the same point In 27 days , 7 hours and 43 minutes. AVIUon Itnrrctt'H Nrw Tiny. In "The Sign of the Croas , " Wllso.i Barrett reversed the usual process by first writing a play nnd then making a novel of It. Now In producing a new level , "In Old Now York" In wMch 10 has the collaboration of Mr. Elwyn Barren , of Chicago ho returns to the customary plan of procedure , if , Indeed , t Is customary to look forward defi nitely to dramatizing a novel of your own production. This Is what ho pro poses doing with his "In Old Nmv York , " soon to bo published , nnd fur ther Intends to act the resulting play when next ho comes to America. , How to Save Mime ) on Shoo * . Members of the United Status Cooper ative Hoot & Shoo I'urehablng Associa tion BIXVC 33)iJ percent on all purchases of shoes. Mr. E. II. Tllton , Secretary of the As sociation , 105 Summer St. , Boston , will semi an UluHU'aU'd book on shoes , in- struotlons how to join the association ami full information concerning it to anybody upon request A 111 * fill On the Deiuhvoed , S. D. , branch of the Burlington Railroad Is a gulch 700 feet wide , known us Shecps Canyon. This was crossed , until recently , by a wooden bridge , 120 feet high , which took over 210000 feet of lumber In the building. Recently this trestle was filled In , and the great undertaking at tracted the attention of railroad men all over the country. It took twenty weeks to accomplish the task. It was necessary to haul 2,880,000 cubic feet of earth ono and one-half miles up a two per cent gindo and unload off the high bridge. This required 1-iSG trains of fifteen cars each ; 22,000 carloads In all. It was a stupendous undertaking , but now the bridge can't burn , and It doesn't cost a lot of money vcry year for repairs and watchers. Christians are like eggs , there are no medium ones. Taxon on I'nti'ntcil Jnvontlonn. A. C. L. , Steamboat Rock , la. : Your Inquiry concerning taxes duo In towns , counties , cities and the state from In ventors who make and sell their pio- ductlons Is received. Materials used for manufacturing in ventions and thereby Increasing the value of such personal property Is tax able. Towns and cities may therefore have ordinances to regulate sales. Pedlers are subject to a license tnx. But county supervisors may remit Ue tax on articles of an educational nature or on account of the ago and infirmity of the sellers. But "persona selling their own work or production , cither by themselves or employes , " "who have served in the Union army or navy , " are exempt from license tax as set forth In Section 1347 of the Iowa Code. Your patent clothes pounder Is your own Invention and manufacture ; you can therefore sell It without a pedlars' license. Where town and city ordinances call for a license fee the tax may be re mitted upon petition or proper presen tation of the case to the mayor. But It will cost less to comply with such or dinances as-a rule than to ignore them. Consultation and advice free. THOMAS G. ORWIG & CO. , Registered Patent Attorneys. DCS Molnes , la. , Nov. 11 , 1899. The world-apollcr has no use for the steady toller. Mr. Four Miles of Bridgeport , Conn. , has made application to the court to haVe hlfl named changed to Frank Miller , on the grounds that hln present appellation is frequently used to hold him up to ridicule. Ills father hud five children , nil boys , and Instead of giving them ordinary Christian nnmcs ho called them by the first five numerals. Ono and Three Miles have already had their names changed by the courts ; Two Miles seems to bo satisfied with his unlquo cognomen , and Five Miles ffln not take a new name until ho shall have become of age. My Mother Consumption "My mother was troubled with consumption for many years. At last she was given up to die. A neighbor told her not to give up but try Aycr's Cherry Pectoral. She did so and was speedily cured , and is now in the enjoyment of good health. " D. P. Jolly , Feb. 2 , 1899. Avoca , N. Y. Cures Hard Coughs No matter how hard your cough is or how long you have had it , Aycr's Cherry Pectoral is the best thing you could possibly take. But it's too risky to wait until you have consumption , for sometimes it's impossible to cure this disease. If you are coughing today , don t wait until tomorrow , but get n bottle of Cherry Pec toral at once and be relieved. It strengthens weak lungs. Tlireo ilrcs : lie , , enough for on ordinary cold ] Mc.Jiut right fornsUimn.broucliltli , lioarsciiess , wlinoplng-couKli ) Imnl coliUi 11.00 , moat economical for cluoulc caiui aud to keep on lianil. CURES COUGHS AND COLDS. PREVENTS CONSUMPTION. All l > ruifisH , iific. Monton tills impcr to tulvcrtlHcro. A DOLLAR STRETCHER Onclady writes that the greatest "Dollar Stretch er" she has ever found is the new and original method by which J. C. Hublngcr ia introducing' his latest invention , "Red Cross" and " llubingcr's Best" starch. She says : With your Endless Chain Starch Book , I received from my grocer one large package of " Red Cross" starch , one large package of "Htibingcr's Best" starch , and two beautiful Shakespeare panels , all for Sc. How far my dollar will go , I am unable to figure out. Ask your grocer for this starch and obtain the beautiful Christmas presents free. SninHnnnmmra rvv * fc * a You know very well how you feel when your liver don't act. Bile collects In the blood , bowels become constipated and your whole system Is poisoned. A lazy liver is an invitation for a thousand pains and aches to come and dwell with you. Your life becomes one long measure of irritability and despondency and bad feeling CASCARETS act directly , and in a peculiarly happy manner on the liver and bowels , cleansing , purifying , revitalizing every portion of the liver , driving all the bile from the blood , as is soon shown by increased appetite for food , power to digest it , and strength to throw off the waste. Bevi/aro of imitations I M swimnun' . " Washington Sv-r. nfk "I liaro been troubled a crest deal mail rfor with a torpid liver , which produces constipa Tha * tion. I found CASCAHKT3 lo bo til you fU a claim ( or them , and secured such relief the hnj. . i ed first trial that I purchased another cupply Ijur the and was completely cured. 1 Bhall only bo too nlad to recommend Cascarcts whenever the < -Ing the opportunity Is presented " J. A. SMITH , hat ISO ) Susquehanna Avo. , Philadelphia , Pa. clat < "He did i nuickly and systematic sto- csa 2 ES SS ANNUAL SALES , S.OOO.OOO BOXES. THIS IS THE TABLET DRUGGISTS CASCARCTS are absolutely harmless , a purely vccctable compound. No mercurial or other mineral pill-poison in Caccarets. Cascarcts promptly , effectively anJ permanently cure every disorder of the Stomach , Liver and Intestines. They not only euro constipation , but correct any and every form of Irregularity of the bo\vels , including diarrhoea and dysentery. Pleasant , palatable , potent. Taste eood , do good. Hever sicken , weaken or gripe. lie sure you get the genuine I Beware . ' Imitation * anl substitutes I Buy a box of CASCAUETS to-day , and il not pleased In every rcepect , get your money back I Write us lor booklet and free oamjlc 1 Address STERLING REMEDY COMPANY , CHICAGO or HEW YORK. 373 iia Tfi'iiifi-T - IT i fur rrfi tirittfnhtiftf'ftiri i rf '