DAIRY AND POULTEY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Hovr Snccoaful 1'nrineri Opornto This
Department of the Farm A Irow
Hints n to tlio Care of Live Stock
Those unreasonable hens ! Hero
some philanthropist has been advising
to allow at least ono foot per hen on
the perch , and the hens wont oven use
the space when it is given them. There
Ecems to bo an unaccountable dcslro
on the part of hens to crowd together
In a bunch and to roost closely. A hen
seldom takes moro than eight Inches
of space and no amount of carpenter
work can make her take more. It
would be far moro reasonable If the
hen would only decide to occupy
the middle of her allotted foot on the
roost. She would not catch Hco from
the other fowls at leapt. But our cx-
perlenco Is that wo cannot got the
hens over to our way of thinking. Wo
do not say glvo each hen at least a
foot of room on the roost , but glvo
them all they will occupy. Moro Is
A poultry writer asserts that It has
not been proved that llrno , ground
bone and oyster shells help at all in
the formation of egg shells , public
opinion to the contrary notwith
standing. Ho may bo right , but there
are some things that seem to indicate
that the material thus obtained Id
utilized In somo. way to make egg
shells. Hens will ruff'oagorly after an
egg shell unless they have all the
bono meal or ground bone they want.
They will even attack whole eggs to
satisfy their cravings In that direc
tion. If none of the material goes Into
their system It is hard to see why they
should have such cravings for the ma
terial mentioned. The cravings of
fowls for some form of lime Is paral
lelled In the animal world by the crav
ings of oven wild animals for salt A3
Is well known salt licks In various
parts of the country wore so called
from the custom of wild animals com
ing long distance ? to lick the salt that
oozed out with the water. We know
that salt Is needed in the animal
economy and It Is to bo presumed that
forms of lime are used In the special
functions of the fowl that of laying
an egg with a shell composed of lime.
We are not satisfied that the fowl .does
not utilize this mineral matter. There
are powerful acids at work In the
bodies of the fowls that are doubtless
able to make even mineral matter ser
viceable. At least wo advise to keep
right on feeding lime in some form.
Some of our agricultural colleges
nnd experiment stations make the mls-
take of putting Inexperienced men at
the head of departments , believing
that they are smart fellows and will
soon learn enough from others to
make up for lack of experience. When
this Is done the college or experi
ment station authorities should cau
tion the young men not to talk too
much , and especially not to run Into
print It is almost as bad when boards
of trade take up subjects they want
elucidated and hire inexperienced men
to do the work. A report on the Poul
try Industry of Colorado , issued by the
Denver Chamber of Commerce Is an
example of this. The man that did
the work on It certainly knows noth
ing practically about the raising of
poultry and production of eggs. He
devotes a good deal of space to showIng -
Ing what a f01 tune may bo made from
a 300-hen outfit It is easy. Ho flg-
ures it out that the hens will lay
easily 144 eggs each , or 43,200 eggs.
Ho says that half arc sure to hatch
and this makes 21,600 chicks , 70 per
cent of which are sure to grow to ma
turity even when cared for only by the
old hen. Ho thus gets 10,800 chicks
to the age of 14 weeks and sells them
all at 40 cents apiece , and has an Income -
come of ? 1,320. All expenses he puts
at ? 1GOO , and leaves a net profit of
§ 2,820 , or ? 9.40 cents for each of the
.100 hens. But this is not all. He sug
gests that by planting fruit trees in
the hen yards the entire cost of care
and feed could be made from the
fruit , leaving the entire receipts for
the poultry , clear profit , or $14.40 per
hen. The writer , B. L. Wlnchel , then
asserts that this is not a "fancy
' S vl , -
* " - " . " Drtlry Notes.
" ' ; r > " The recent decision of a Michigan
* . , . ' , court that the Michigan law against
tin coloring of oleomargarine Is void
shows how hard It Is to frame a law
that cannot bo picked to pieces by
lawyers and judges determined to
prove It void. The court ruled against
y the validity of the act on the ground
jjj , . that the heading to the act "was not
' worded so that anyone reading the
, headline would see that It referred to
the coloring of ojomargarlnev ) The
title to the act reads : "An act to p'ro-
hlblt and prevent Adulteration , Fraud
and Deception in the Manufacture and
, - Sale of Articles of Food and Drink. "
The court held that the coloring of
oleomargarine , though forbidden by
. / the law , could not como under the
, ; , . words Adulteration , Fraud or Decep-
( ' tlon , slnco all people know that the
oleomargarine is colored.
f Sowo men make light of the efforts
to stamp out tuberculosis. They claim
that the whole situation is overdrawn ,
and that there is really Httlo tubercu
losis among our cattle not enough to
make It worth while to worry over it.
Yet the slaughter of tuberculous cattle
? 'f" ' Is constantly going on. Wo believe
7\ ; that if some of these sceptics will
, , -7' T visit the Union Stock Yards , Chicago ,
1 fe. when the slaughter of tuborculous cat-
' * e tlo is proceeding they will never again
oppose measures tended to eradicate
the disease , and will henceforth have
confidence in the tuberculin tost.
Among the cows slaughtered last week
were twelve from a dairy herd that
supplies milk to Downor'o Grove , 111. ,
The owner had thirty-five cows and
desired the tuberculin test applied to
them , and in fact paid a private veter
inarian to do the work. Out of the
thirty-five cows tested twelve reacted.
On slaughter three of thcso wcro found
to bo only slightly affected , and their
flesh waa passed for food. The other
nluo were so badly diseased that they
were sent to the rendering tank.to bo
made into fertilizer. The lungs of thcso
animals were yellow with tubercles ,
and In some cases the cntlr6 lungs wcro
masses of pus. Ono of the cows was
so badly diseased that when the lung
was cut Into the pus spurted a foot and
the stench was very offensive. To use
a common term , this cow was "rotten
inside. " Yet the milk from them had
been used for a long time by the people
ple of Downer's Grove. Fortunately
the udders of all these cows showed no
signs of being tuberculous , and this
would tend to reduce the danger. Yet
to say there Is no danger In the milk
from such cows is going too far. The
query naturally arises In ones mind :
If this ono herd had over 34per cent
of tuberculous cows In It , how about
the other herds that arc supplying milk
to Chicago ? Is It likely that this was
the only herd affected by the dreadful
disease ? The answer can bo given
on general principles. There must bo
numerous herds supplying milk to Chicago
cage where tuberculosis has obtained
a firm foothold. More than that , an
examination of these herds would show
many affected udders.
) - ' 1 CIS'
KT Care of Colts' Fcot.
Now that horses are again In ptreat
demand and the supply la deficient.
breeder can afford to look well to the
feet of his young stock. Our horses
have naturally sound feet If proper
care la taken of them but carelessness
Imposes upon the horse numerous
preventable troubles. Where horses
are bred upon rocky lands or where
gravel abounds In the soil the hoofs
are pretty well worn down to normal
proportions without man's Interfer
ence ; hut upon our rich corn-produc
ing soil there is no chanceof such
wear taking place , the result being
that the feet grow out of all proper
tion. The too as a rule grows too long
and as a result the weight of the colt
comes upon the frogs , or the walls at
the quarters beoomo too high and the
frog not coming Into ground-bearing
snrlnks up , retracts Into the solo or
the foot and contracted heels are the
result Frequently , too , wo flnd that
where the feet are not kept properly
trimmed and rasped level , cracks ap
pear and sometimes extend to the
coronet Again , when a colt is Bold
and gets into the blacksmith's hands ,
If ho has ncvor worn shoes upon the
hind feet , we flnd them grown out of
all proportion and the smith docs at
once In most heroic style the work of
trimming which should have been a
gradual process. He then nails on a
high-hoeled shoo and the poor horse
unaccustomed to hard roads goes out
to work feeling terribly uncomfortable
with his iron appendages and promptly
begins to Interfere and soon has his
hind ankles swollen , sore and wound
ed , a condition it Is always very dif
ficult to remedy , owing to the mutila
tion that has taken place at the hands
of the blacksmith.
The horse breeder will do well to
examine the feet of his colts frequent
ly and promptly set matters right by
the intelligent use of the rasp and in
doing so will discover all cases of
"thrush" which , if not cured at once ,
may lead to chronic trouble and cer
tainly abnormalities in horn growth.
The feet of all farm animals require
similar attention for It would prevent -
vent such troubles aa "foul" In the
feet of cattle , foot rot In sheep and
lameness in hogs.
Profitable Chickens. .Tames Rankln
of South Easton , Mass. , reports
an unusually good season for
spring chickens. He says , In Reliable
Poultry Journal , "Wo hatched about
12,000 birds and got them out some six
weeks earlier than any of the other
growers , and we had , as it were , the
control of the market during that time.
Wo commenced shipping March 1 and
marketed nearly 1,000 birds at 35c per
lb. , and as thcso birds dressed 11 Ibs.
per pair and represented a feed value
of but 25c each , there was some profit
connected with It. " ( That is pretty
good. Each bird sold for $1.92 and
represented a feed cost of but 25 cents.
That left an apparent profit of $1.62 %
or fl.G25 for the first 1,000 birds. Of
course , there were other expenses , but
probably none that would greatly re
duce the profits. Ed. F. R. )
A Jealous Cow. A strange piece of
spite on the part of a cow Is reported
from Slough , says the British Dairy.
Farmer. The animal belonged to Mr.
Johnson , a farmer , and on a valuable
horse Le'ing driven Inlo'the farmyard
the cow charged at It , and Inflicted
such injuries that It died. A strange
feature in the case Is that after the
cow had brought the horse down she
appeared to relent , and while the suf
fering animal Jay In the stable under
treatment she was constantly at the
door , and resented any attempt to
drive her off. Mr. Johnson attributes
the cow's strange conduct to Jealousy ,
as the horse was often patted and
made much of , and the cow was a
young ono which ho had reared hlm-
Dally Inspect the poultry house for
red mites. It is better to get the start
of them than to have them get the
start of you.
Have the roost fixtures movable , so
the droppings will not always fall in
the same placo. The air can then dry
Financiers Vend of runny filuft.
The man whoso dally life runs In the
channel of finance frequently resorts
to diversions which arc antipodal to
his business. The head of the finance
of the nation , Secretary Gage , Is fond
of humorous literature after ho has quit
his office. The writings of several of
the more prominent authors of this
class are marked as they appear in the
dally prints and arc laid upon the sec
retary'n desk. The work of the closer
cartoonists of the day are also clipped ,
credited to the paper In which It ap
pears , and put under the proper paper
weight on his desk.
JASON CROW , OSCARVILLE , OA.
Writes us , May 31 , 1899 : "I feel It my
duty to wrllo and let you know what
your medicine. ' 5 Drops , ' has done for
mo. I have had rheumatism about
eighteen years , but was able to bo up
most of the time until a year ago last
May , when I was taken down and not
able to move about About six weeks
ago I saw your advertisement and
wrote for a sample bottle. After tak
ing a few doses It did mo so much
good that I ordered some moro for
myself and friends , and In every case
It has done wonders and given perfect
"Dr. Woodllff , nly family physician ,
who has had rhci'matism for fifteen
yearn , is taking the 'C Drops , ' and says
it is the most efficient rheumatic incd-
Iclno he has ever used. "
" 5 Drops" is the most powerful spe-
'dflc known. Free fium opiates and
perfectly harmless. It Is a perfect euro
for Rheumatism , Sciatica , Neuralgia ,
Dyspepsia , Backache. AiUhina , Catarrh ,
La Grippe , Neuralgic Meadache , etc.
If you or any of your fr'cnds are suf
fering , do not delay , but send for a
bottle of " 5 Drops. " Large-sized bottles
tles (300 doses ) , $1. For the next
thirty days wo will mall a 25-cent
sample bottle for 10 cents. SWANSON
RHEUMATIC CURE CO. , 1GO to 1G4 E.
Lake Street , Chicago. 111.
Most men begin to save after they
have spenl all.
Tor E\cry Household.
The sewing machine bargain adver
tised by the John M. Smyth Co. In an
other part of this paper should in
terest every housekeeper. The firm Is
thoroughly reliable , having been es
tablished In Chicago over 30 years
and anyone dealing with them may bo
assured of square treatment. Get tholr
mammoth catalogue of everything to
eat , wear or uso.
Some men cut acquaintances while
scraping them barbers , for example.
Mrs. Pinkham's Medicine Made
a New Woman of Mrs. Kuhn.
[ LETTEK TO UBS. FINKUAU NO. 4,492 ]
" DEAR Mns. PJNKIIAM I think it fa
my duty to write to you expressing
my sincere gratitude for the wonder
ful relief I have experienced by the use
of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound. I tried different doctors , also
different kinds of medicine. I would
feel better at times , then would be
as bad as ever.
4' For eight years I was a great suf
ferer. I had falling of the womb and
was in such misery at my monthly
periods I could not work but a little
before I would have to lie down. Your
medicine has made a new woman of mo.
J can now work all day and not get
tired. I thank you for what you have
done for me. I shall always pralso
your medicine to all suffering women. "
Mns. E. E. KUHN , GEKMAJJO , Ouio.
" I have taken eight bottles of Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound
and used two packages of your Sana
tive Wash , also home of the Liver Pills ,
and I can say that your remedies will
do all that you claim for them. Before
taking your remedies I was very bad
with womb trouble , waa nervous , had
no ambition , could not sleep , and my
food teemed to do me no good. Now I
am well , and your mcdicino has cured
me. I will gladly recommend your mcd
icino to every ono wherever I go. "
MRS. M. L. SIIEAP.S , GUNMAKSII , MICH.
Trnnsrniil Stnmi'n Morn Costly.
The price of old Transvaal stamps
Booms to bo rising In value. Among Iho
First Republic Trnnsvanl Btnraps uls-
poscd of at a snlo In London a tow
( lays ngo wcro n 3d (1877) ) slnnip , Bar-
chnrgod at back , .C7j n Id error ,
(1877-70) ( ) , surcharged "Transvaal , '
29 ; a .Id lilac on green of the snmo
period , without surclmrgo , 15 10s.
Among the Second Republic stamps
was a half-penny on a Od stamp with
queen's head , 10. At the biimo s.tis a
15c reunion , first Issue , brought 3. ? , a
30c reunion , first Issue , XMG , end n pair
of 2d Mauritius , 4H.
In a recent talk about the Algon
quin language , Dr. Edward Everett
Halo observed that GOO words of any
language are enough for human com
munication. "Six hundred words , "
ho said , "arc said to bo suillclcnt for
the couriers of Europe , and It Is the
outsldo limit of the vocabulary of
Italian opera. It is true that this Is
the minimum of human Intelligence ,
Ir both cases , but still It answera for
the conveyance of thought. In the
book of Judges , for Instance , there
arc not 700 different words.
Tliero la n CI s of People
.Who are Injured by the use of coffeo.
Recently there has been plareii In all
the grocery stores a new preparation
called GRAIN-0 , made of pure grains ,
that takes the place of coffee. The most
delicate stomach receives It without
distress , and but few can tell It from
coffee. It docs not cost over one-fourth
as much. Children may drink It with
great benefit. 15 cents and 25 centa
per package. Try It. Ask lor GRAIN-0.
New 1 mention * .
Four hundred and ninety-six (4'JG ( )
Inventors received patents during the
past week. Of this
number 31 per cent
were able to sell
5) thclr inventions be-
: . O fore the same were
patented. Amongst the curious ln\en-
tlons were found a machine for thin
ning seed sprouts ; a cup which can be
converted Into a turban ; an automatic
lamp extinguisher ; a mMk-pasteurlzlng
apparatus ; a smoke purifying tobacco
pipe ; a revolving shed for storing bi
cycles ; and an automatic rolling r.utcr
for plows. Amongst the gruesome in
ventions is one for a collln hinged in
sections so that the corpse can be rais
ed into a sitting position , while an
Omaha Inventor obtained a patent for
a trolley which cannot jump or become
detached from the trolley wire. The
last named Invention patented was pro
cured through Sues & Co. , Patent Law
yers , Bee Bldg , Omaha , Neb.
The only tea gardens in the Unted
States are at Plnehurst , S. C. Dr.
bhephard's estate comprises about 700
acres , of which between CO and 100
acres are now planted to tea.
How's Tills ?
TVe offer Ono Hundred Dollars row.ircl fornny
ease of Catarrh that cannot bo cured by Hall's
F. J. CHENEY & CO. , Props. , Toledo. O.
Wo , the underslBiied , have linown P. J.
Cheney for the Inst 15 years tind bollcvo htm
perfectly honorable In nil business transactions
and financially able to carry out any obliga
tions made by their llrm.
West & Truax , Wholesale Druggists. Toledo ,
O. ; Waldlng , Klnnnn & Marvin , Wholesale
Drupijlsts , Toledo , Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure In talccn Internally , act
ing directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system. Testimonials sent free. 1'rlco
T5o per bottle. Sold by nil druggists.
Hall's Family Pills uro the best.
Care-not Is a greater hindrance to
success than cannot.
THE GRIP CORE THAT DOES CORE.
Laxative Uromo Qulnlno Tablets removes
the cause that produces Lti Grlppo. 13. W.
Grove's signature Is on each box. i.5c.
The first thing you see In boiling
water Is the scum.
I shall recommend Plso's Cure for'.Con-
sumption far nnd wide. Mrs. Mulligan ,
Plumstead , Kent , Kuslaud , Nov. 8 , Ibto.
The Individual wio tells the truth
with deliberate caution Isn't believed
half so often as the fellow wno can
Ho gracefully. Chicago News.
The moon revolves from one point
in the heavens to the same point In
27 days , 7 hours and 43 minutes.
AVIUon Itnrrctt'H Nrw Tiny.
In "The Sign of the Croas , " Wllso.i
Barrett reversed the usual process by
first writing a play nnd then making
a novel of It. Now In producing a new
level , "In Old Now York" In wMch
10 has the collaboration of Mr. Elwyn
Barren , of Chicago ho returns to the
customary plan of procedure , if , Indeed ,
t Is customary to look forward defi
nitely to dramatizing a novel of your
own production. This Is what ho pro
poses doing with his "In Old Nmv
York , " soon to bo published , nnd fur
ther Intends to act the resulting play
when next ho comes to America. ,
How to Save Mime ) on Shoo * .
Members of the United Status Cooper
ative Hoot & Shoo I'urehablng Associa
tion BIXVC 33)iJ percent on all purchases
Mr. E. II. Tllton , Secretary of the As
sociation , 105 Summer St. , Boston , will
semi an UluHU'aU'd book on shoes , in-
struotlons how to join the association
ami full information concerning it to
anybody upon request
A 111 * fill
On the Deiuhvoed , S. D. , branch of
the Burlington Railroad Is a gulch 700
feet wide , known us Shecps Canyon.
This was crossed , until recently , by a
wooden bridge , 120 feet high , which
took over 210000 feet of lumber In the
building. Recently this trestle was
filled In , and the great undertaking at
tracted the attention of railroad men
all over the country. It took twenty
weeks to accomplish the task. It was
necessary to haul 2,880,000 cubic feet
of earth ono and one-half miles up a
two per cent gindo and unload off the
high bridge. This required 1-iSG trains
of fifteen cars each ; 22,000 carloads In
all. It was a stupendous undertaking ,
but now the bridge can't burn , and It
doesn't cost a lot of money vcry year
for repairs and watchers.
Christians are like eggs , there are
no medium ones.
Taxon on I'nti'ntcil Jnvontlonn.
A. C. L. , Steamboat Rock , la. : Your
Inquiry concerning taxes duo In towns ,
counties , cities and the state from In
ventors who make and sell their pio-
ductlons Is received.
Materials used for manufacturing in
ventions and thereby Increasing the
value of such personal property Is tax
able. Towns and cities may therefore
have ordinances to regulate sales.
Pedlers are subject to a license tnx.
But county supervisors may remit Ue
tax on articles of an educational nature
or on account of the ago and infirmity
of the sellers. But "persona selling
their own work or production , cither
by themselves or employes , " "who have
served in the Union army or navy , " are
exempt from license tax as set forth In
Section 1347 of the Iowa Code.
Your patent clothes pounder Is your
own Invention and manufacture ; you
can therefore sell It without a pedlars'
Where town and city ordinances call
for a license fee the tax may be re
mitted upon petition or proper presen
tation of the case to the mayor. But It
will cost less to comply with such or
dinances as-a rule than to ignore
Consultation and advice free.
THOMAS G. ORWIG & CO. ,
Registered Patent Attorneys.
DCS Molnes , la. , Nov. 11 , 1899.
The world-apollcr has no use for the
Mr. Four Miles of Bridgeport ,
Conn. , has made application to the
court to haVe hlfl named changed to
Frank Miller , on the grounds that hln
present appellation is frequently used
to hold him up to ridicule. Ills father
hud five children , nil boys , and Instead
of giving them ordinary Christian
nnmcs ho called them by the first five
numerals. Ono and Three Miles have
already had their names changed by
the courts ; Two Miles seems to bo
satisfied with his unlquo cognomen ,
and Five Miles ffln not take a new
name until ho shall have become of
"My mother was troubled
with consumption for many
years. At last she was given
up to die. A neighbor told her
not to give up but try Aycr's
Cherry Pectoral. She did so
and was speedily cured , and is
now in the enjoyment of good
health. " D. P. Jolly ,
Feb. 2 , 1899. Avoca , N. Y.
No matter how hard your
cough is or how long you have
had it , Aycr's Cherry Pectoral
is the best thing you could
possibly take. But it's too
risky to wait until you have
consumption , for sometimes it's
impossible to cure this disease.
If you are coughing today ,
don t wait until tomorrow , but
get n bottle of Cherry Pec
toral at once and be relieved.
It strengthens weak lungs.
Tlireo ilrcs : lie , , enough for on ordinary
cold ] Mc.Jiut right fornsUimn.broucliltli ,
lioarsciiess , wlinoplng-couKli ) Imnl coliUi
11.00 , moat economical for cluoulc caiui
aud to keep on lianil.
CURES COUGHS AND COLDS.
All l > ruifisH , iific.
Monton tills impcr to tulvcrtlHcro.
A DOLLAR STRETCHER Onclady writes that the greatest "Dollar Stretch
er" she has ever found is the new and original
method by which J. C. Hublngcr ia introducing' his latest invention , "Red Cross"
and " llubingcr's Best" starch. She says : With your Endless Chain Starch
Book , I received from my grocer one large package of " Red Cross" starch ,
one large package of "Htibingcr's Best" starch , and two beautiful Shakespeare
panels , all for Sc. How far my dollar will go , I am unable to figure out. Ask
your grocer for this starch and obtain the beautiful Christmas presents free.
rvv * fc * a
You know very well how you feel when your liver don't act. Bile collects In the blood , bowels become
constipated and your whole system Is poisoned. A lazy liver is an invitation for a thousand pains and aches to
come and dwell with you. Your life becomes one long measure of irritability and despondency and bad feeling
CASCARETS act directly , and in a peculiarly happy manner on the liver and bowels , cleansing , purifying ,
revitalizing every portion of the liver , driving all the bile from the blood , as is soon shown by increased appetite
for food , power to digest it , and strength to throw off the waste. Bevi/aro of imitations I M
swimnun' . " Washington Sv-r. nfk
"I liaro been troubled a crest deal mail
rfor with a torpid liver , which produces constipa Tha *
tion. I found CASCAHKT3 lo bo til you
fU a claim ( or them , and secured such relief the hnj. .
i ed first trial that I purchased another cupply Ijur
the and was completely cured. 1 Bhall only bo
too nlad to recommend Cascarcts whenever the
< -Ing the opportunity Is presented " J. A. SMITH , hat
ISO ) Susquehanna Avo. , Philadelphia , Pa. clat <
"He did i nuickly and systematic sto-
ANNUAL SALES , S.OOO.OOO BOXES.
THE TABLET DRUGGISTS
CASCARCTS are absolutely harmless , a purely vccctable compound. No mercurial or other mineral pill-poison in Caccarets. Cascarcts promptly , effectively anJ permanently
cure every disorder of the Stomach , Liver and Intestines. They not only euro constipation , but correct any and every form of Irregularity of the bo\vels , including diarrhoea and dysentery.
Pleasant , palatable , potent. Taste eood , do good. Hever sicken , weaken or gripe. lie sure you get the genuine I Beware . ' Imitation * anl substitutes I Buy a box of CASCAUETS
to-day , and il not pleased In every rcepect , get your money back I Write us lor booklet and free oamjlc 1 Address STERLING REMEDY COMPANY , CHICAGO or HEW YORK.
Tfi'iiifi-T - IT i fur rrfi tirittfnhtiftf'ftiri i rf '
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