J. 1' . 1-llAKL , , 1'UbiJ.hnr.
Huxnboldt Enterprise : ThoB. &M.
broke ground on the line of road from Salem
to Ncmalm City on Tuesday morning.
About 12R men arc nt work nt that point nnd
dirt will fly lively for the next CO days. The
company fins bought 40 acres adjoining Vcr-
don. which JH the junction with thoM. 1' . .
nnd the prospect * lor that place ure brighter
than It lion ever been bcloro.
Fairbury Gazette : Thorb was u com-
plcto wreck made of the cannon ball train
on the 11. fc M. Friday night of laHt week n
short distance went of the liluo , The storm
of that evening had undermined the track
and N the fust train came alonpbcnK ! behind
time nnd under full headway , it went off ,
tho"slccpor and other coaches being com
pletely overturned. The engine went over
xnfcly , becoming detached from the tender ,
the truckn of the latter going on one side o (
the track and the tank ontho other. The
cars were badly used up and three or four
pnSHcngcra slightly bruised but none were
hcrlonsiy injured , which seems remarkable
considering the high rate of speed at which
the train wai running.
The school house in district No. 0 ,
Knox county , was recently flrcd by an.in .
cendiary. This Is the second burned In two
yearn.A Good . Templar lodge with twenty-
four charter members has been organized at
. The Crcighton band has received its
uniform1 and thinks it is little the best in
Sterling Press : Wm. Flynn while
feeding a threshing machine one day last
week , was bitten on the hand by a rattle
snake that , was hid in a sheaf of wheat.
J. J. Gewitz , a former employe ol
the U. P. company , has sued said company
In the district court of Hall county for $10-
000 damages for injuries sustained by him
while working in the car shops ut Grand Iu-
luml during the summer or 18S2. While
working in the repair department a falling
timber struck him on the head nnd inflicted
what he alleges to bo permanent injuries.
Lincoln is to have a street railway.
The Metropolitan hotel at Omaha has
made armuiroinents.to accommodate a large
number of visitors during state fair week ,
and its rates will not be put up , , as la , cus
tomary at other liotels during such a rush ol
custom. The reputation of the house h
well known , nnd as the matter of accommodation -
dation has been provided for , person ? at
tending the fair will find no better place tc
etopat than thfr Metropolitan. Street can
and other public conveyances to .the fail
grounds start from this hotel at all hours oi
The bridge over the Republican a1
Superiorlias been washed out. It is a serl-
, ous inconvenience to the town. ;
Davie and Collie Earsoru , aged ( f and
4 * years , of Bloomington , were injured li
a ruuawry recently , the scalp of the formei
being badly cut. The little one suffered in
jury of the ankle.
The Nelson schoolhouse was struck
by lightning recently and damaged to tlu
extent of $100.
Schuyler , Herald : , A serious accl
dent occurred in a grove east of town or
Sunday last. A young gentleman and lady ,
named respectively Jos. Scverlnaud Frances
Sironey , were walking together , when Sev-
crin pulled u pistol from his pocket for the
purpose of shooting at a bird. As he was
swinging it around to the proper point il
was accidentally discharged , the ball lodg
ing in the young Indv's shoulder. Dr.
"Woods was called nnd he extracted the ball.
The wound is not dangerous , and the pa
tient is doing well.
The Methodist church at Atkinson
has been dedicated. Eight hundred dollars
were subscribed to clear the debt.
Falls City has no apparatus for fire
protection. * .
Schuyler Herald : Chris. Gutschaw ,
son of PrfiiMJutschaw , met with a most
painful accident on Friday las > t. He was
working on a thresher , when an oil cari
into the machinery. He reached in to re
cover it and his hand was caught In one of
the wheels and badly crushed. Three of
his fingers were caught in the wheel , but by
withdrawing the 'band suddenly "he saved
two from betas crushed so as to require
amputation. The little finger was arapu-
_ . tated and wound dressed. In withdrawing
the hand from the machine the flesh iV stern
torn from the bones of the second nnd third
The contract has been let for con
struction of an opera house in Alma and
work will begin at once.
Work has begun on a new elevator al
-Six hundred dollars have been raised
tobuild a Christian church at Stella , and
work begins at once.
- While William Jarminwas raking
hay near Genoa Thursday morning with j
bull rake' , one little boy riding each horse ,
, tho.tcam became frightened and both the
.boys were thrown to the ground. The oldei
boy Albert was caught in the rake and had
one arm broken.
The Congregational church at Tal-
.mage in course of er , ction is nearly read\
North Bend Flail : Yesterday while
the voting son of C. P. Dickersou was herd
ing about three miles west of town he dis
covered the remains of a human body.
Word was sent to town and this morning t
company , went out to investigate. Thej
found the bones of a full-grown woman ol
probable maturity. The skull showed
marks of intelligence. A cotton-flannel
skirt and a calico wakt was aluthe clothes
withJt. The bones were brought to town
and are in charge of Dr.Juinn.
Schuyler iSun : There is a man doing
business in Schuyler who makes the remark
able statement that he landed here twelve
years ago and has not since been aboard the
cars. It is pretty near time for "him to give
himself a picnic-nnd go on an excursion.
Talmage began the fall term in a new
The State Firemen.
Neb. , August 30. To-day
was a big day at the firemen's tournament
nnd ar immense crowd of people wereJn at
tendance. Every train brings in large num-
bers. A number of specials crowded" with
visitors have arrived to-day. The first race
was a repetition of the hose race ran yester
day. The T. P. Quicks were barred out by
the board of control , . the previous evening.
The JFremont team ran first and
failed to score. The unofficial time
was 40' < seconds. The Thurstons
came next , their time being 474 * .
The Pacifies of Grand Island were last.
Their timcj-was 47V , thus winning the race.
The champion badge for the best ladder
man was won by James L. Reinard , of Fre
mont ; time GK sccouds. William Hilde-
Jirand , of Seward , was the only other con
The hook and ladder race for the state
championship was won by the Seward com
pany ; time 51 seconds. The Fremonts
, Were the only other contestants. The hook
and ladder company of Syracuse ran -an ex
hibition race ; time 64 seconds.
Seward took the prize for the best drilled
company. . The free-for-all race was won by
the Thun-tons. time 43 J seconds ; Fremonts
second , time 45 # ; Pacifies of Grand Island
thir.d , time 465 ; Merchants of Lincoln
fourth , time 54.
Uae-hose coupling was a "complete walk
over for the Moline team , the champions of
the world. The average time was 2 1-6 sec
onds. The Bluff Citys of Council Bluffs
also competed. Their average time was
four and five-eights. The Fremonts were
last ; time , , six and a quarter.
The closing day of the tournament at
Lincoln was very brilliant. The only
steamer entered for prizes was the T. P.
Quick of Lincoln. The time of getting a
one hundred feet stream was 12 mmutes 48
seconds. Under 120 pounds pressure the
Quick threwstream 283 feet. At this
Juncture in the proceedings an alarm of fire
was sounded. The fire was located in Tur
ner's drug fitore , being caused by explosion
of a barrel of .alcohol. In 4 minutes and 20
seconds from the tap of the bell the Seward
chemical engine was playing on the blaze.
Visiting firemen assisted gallantly. Chief
Butler had cliargc , and was especially effi
cient. Jn twenty minues the fire was out
and the exercises resumed. The loss is
small , chiefly by water r-
In the champion hose contest , the J. 31.
Thurston company , of Omaha , won the firtt
prize , a handsome hose cart. The Fitzper-
alds , of Lincoln , second prize , S30 , and the
Fremonts third , 525.
M. 31. Flinckingera Linn Co. fanner ,
says : "I iave used Chamberlain's
Colic , Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
in my family for the past seven years.
There is no medicine in the world I
think more of than this. It-has saved
ma many doctor bills. I wonlcj not
think of bpfng without it.1'
A Number of Railroad Collisions
of Recent - At
tended by Loss of Life ,
Default in a Largo Amount of a
Michigan County Treasurer-
Other Criminal Deeds.-
The New Stamps and. Postal Notes
. A. Pension Swindler Other News
1 I *
, 'From the Capital.-
'I'ho ' Yellowstone Central Park branch
of the Northern Pacific road is now com
plcted to Cinnabar , fifty-one miles south of
Livingstone. It was opened for business
September 1st , and parties can. now go di-
rccUy to the park without staging.
It is given out in Chicago on good
authority that thd Southwestern railroad as
sociation will not contest the suit of the Bos
ton sugar-refinery , instituted to test the
question whether railway people have a
right to divert freight from the road
to which it Is especially consigned by ship
pers. The Boston company tendered cer
tain freight to the Bock Island road , but the
commissioner of the pool said the freight
would have to go over another line in the
carrying process , evening up the business ol
all pool roads. Under pressure of suit the
Boston company has been allowe'd to have
its way without dispute and the freight has
gone over the road indicated. This is ac
cepted as confession that pool-r managers
realize they have no standing in the suit in
question , namely , that the nllwav as com
mon carrier is bound to acceptall freighl
tendered in spite of anv pool regulations.
Big Spring , Mead county , Kentucky ,
had a shower of wheat straw lasting fiv (
minutes. A special from there attributes il
to the harvest in the moon , "careless thresh-
ci s spilling it over the edge.
Gov. Crittenden thinks of calling ar
extra session of the Missouri legislature tc
make thoJDowning liquor 'Taw apply to St.
Another trial of the JKeely motor is
is announced to take place soon , c
The grand jury at New Orleans in its
report suggests as a sanitary measure thati
crematory DO established under the directiot
of the officers of the charity hospital for the
purpose of burning the bodies of those wh <
did with contagious diseases.
The Slade-Mitchell prize fight has
T > een declared off.
The-first civil service appointment ir
Chicago was made on Fjiday , a clerkship it
the collector' office being given to a mac
who had an average of 08 * .
The.p'ublisliers of "Farm , .Field , anc
Fireside" arc meeting with great success it
securing subscribers to their publications.
In addition to furnishing an excellent papci
at the low price of 60 cents for six months ,
they propose to ' distribute $40,000 in pres
ents to their'rea'derd.
The Western Union Telegraph com
pany has issued an order making the noun
for night work eight instead of seven ani
one-half hours and allowing extra pay foi
Sunday work , the extra services to be basec
on the the number of week days in thi
month. This will increase the salary con *
Several thousand volumes of books
shipped to the states by three publishers o :
Montreal yere seized by the United State !
Stephen A. Douglas , son of the de >
ceased senator , is lying seriously ill in Chi
cago. Friday he underwent a surgica
operation growing out of an abscess wind
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
A DEFAULTING COinsTY TREASURER.
Evidences very strong showing that
A. A. Atherion , county treasurer of Bos-
common county , 2Iich. , hn.6 Bklppcd'WJUj
funds to the amount of about $18,000 , ol
which $ COOO elonsed to the village , $5OOC
to Genish to\\nship , $1,800 to Harry Emery.
a poor man , and smaller amounts to various
other persons and townships. His present
whereabouts are unknown.
CRUSUED BY AX KLKPHANT.
Harry Packard , of Hartford , Conn. ,
an employe of Bamunvwas crushed at Cin
cinnati Monday morning by one of the ele
phants , and afterwards died at the hospital.
MISSIXG WITH BORROWED MOXEY.
John J. Hall , of Trenton , N. J. , is
missing with $12,000 borro ived money. The
Trenton Times states forged notes aggregat-
.ing between $20,000 and $30,000 were dis
covered. Facts as to these statements are
hard to obtain , as the principal sufferers are
understood to be Hall's friends. Theyre-
fuse to divulge the amount of their losses.
In Trenton Hall had borrowed sums .rang
ing from $100 to $8,000. The entire loss TD
New Brunswick will probably amount to
$30,000. Hall was a 'contractor for , the
Pennsylvania railroad company and it' was
an "easy matter for him fo borrow froin the
DEATH IX A COLI2SIOX.
The Cincinnati express going west on
the Pan Handle road collided at an early
hour Monday morning with the east-bound
freight. They came together at full speed
on a curve near the ill-fated station Mingo
junction. Both engines were completely
demolished , and four freight- cars loaded
withjpork and lard and the mail and express
car of the passenger train were reduced to
kindlingwood. . Wm. tloyt , postal clerk ,
of Indianapolis- badly crushed , and died
surrounded by debris , requiring chopping to
release him. J. B. Newman , postal clerk ,
wjis injured , and Engineer Charles Wolf
was badly bruised. T. "JVatson.and A. N.
Brown , postal clerks and Joseph Little ,
colored porter , were slightly hurt. The ac
cident was the result of carelessness of Con
ductor Swaney , of the freight train ? 'who
should have waited foe the pnssenger to
pass. . .
DOUBLE MURDER AXD SUICIDE.
Jacob Oldenborger and Jacob Bush
had a law suit Tuesday morning in a jus
tice's court at Indianapolis , which was de
cided in the latter's favor. Meeting Hush
on the street about 1 o'clock Oldeuborger
drew a pistol and firedkillinghiminstaxtlv.
Turning from Bush he shot Sam. Campbell ,
who was passing at the time , probably
fatally. Ho then crossed the street , and
putting the pistol to his own headshot him
self udead. It is probable the shooting of-
Campbell was -accidental , as he was in no
way connected with the suit.
: SUICIDE OF A PHYSICIAX.
Dr. D. Newell , a physician of stand
ing , committed suicide at Chicago Tuesduj
bytakinsr an overdose of morphine. He
had suffered from ill health and sustained a
number of financial reverses.
Jnles Barber , an old and well-known
actor , was knocked down and robbed by
highwaymen at New York Monday night.
He called for help and a policemanrprompth
responded , when the robbers lied- One was
captured by another policeman coming from
an opposite direction , when a shot was firet
and the highwayman fell dead. It is be
lieved the shot was fired by his pal , who
shot at the policeman. Barborwasnot seri
A DEFRAUDEIl DISAPPOINTED.
The trial of Isaac H. Lockwood , oi
New Haven. Conn. , on the charge of using
the United States mails for the purpose ol
defrauding those who wrote him , by claim -
inj ; he would lend money left by'a deceased
banker to the amount of $780.000 to de
faulters and those who hadi stolen money ,
was concluded Wednesday , and the pris
oner was found guilty and sentenced to one
year and to pay a fine of fifty dollars. The
judge's charge was rather favorable. Lock-
wood was much disappointed at the finding
of the jury , as he confidently expected to
Co out riding at the conclusion of the trial.
It was the intention of Lockwood to
obtain one million dollars to go
to Washington at the coming session of
congress and go into the business of
hiring diamonds to ladies at 10 per cent , of
their value , so they could go to parties and
receptions without the expense of buying
ie necessary jewelry. When the verdict
vas rendered the prisoner buried his face
n his hand's. Ho was completely overcome
vith emotion. He was taken to prison that
ACCIDENT OX THE WAUASH. ,
The "Cannot JBall" train on the Wa-
) osh which "left Council Bluffs Tuesday'
light ran over a cow at Clifton , Mo. The
inline , bagcage car. and a coach were de-
ailcd and Engineer Hall'ldlled.
A BRUTAL POLICESIAX.
"Maurice McNamara , "a New York
> olceman ! , has been arrested for causing
he death of a prisoner by brutal clubbing.
John Kennigan , nged 19 , ' 'as put pff
an excursion train from Scran ton , Pa. , on
Thursday , while itwas'running 30 miles an
hour and won killed. lie baa .no ticket.
Dollarville , Mich. , a town of about
800 inhabitants and hcadquantcrs of the
American lumber company , was very nearly
destroyed by flra Thursday. Twenty of the
principal buildings were destroyed. Two
children arc reported burned to death.
Loss , $120,000.
A FATHER BI2ATEX BY HIS SONS.
James Collins , of Milwaukee , was
terribly beaten Thursday night by his sons ,
Morris and Timothy , who broke into hit
house where he and his recently-married
wife were stopping , and assaulted him with
clubs' . It seems the old gentleman , whc
lost his lint wife a short time ago , has mar
ried a woman very much younger than him
self , causing the sons to leave nome. Thcj
several times threatened his life.
Stephen Raymond , alias "Steve Marshall
shall- ' ' was arrested nt Now York Saturday
on the charge of forgery consisting In altera
tions on the Union Pocific railway company' !
coupons. It is supposed that a portion ol
the uonds and coupons'were stolen Januan
20 , 1876 , from the Northampton ( Mass. ;
National bank. Eightcen.months ago notice
was received in New York , ut the office ol
the Union Pacific railway company , fron
Mr. Hinckley , of Boston , that coupons sup
posed to be a part of the proceeds of tut
Northampton burglary were being regularlj
paid In the city. The matter was placed in the
hands of private detectives without any re
sult. Last plarch , 12 coupons for $100,00 (
in sinking fund bonds of the Union Pacific
railroad were paid both ha New Yortc anc
Boston offices of the company. These pre
sented here were found to be genuine coupons
pens , but with altered.numbcrs. . The coupons
pens paid in Boston proved to be the prop
erty of a reputable merchant. A few days
ago Inspector Byrnes was notified of th (
facts , and as the semi-annual payment o ;
coupons became payable Saturday , detec
tives were assigned to watch for presenta
tion of altered coupons. At a signal fron
Mr. Litcll , coupon clerk of the Union Pa
cific , a man , who had given his name as
Clark , was followed to the National Bank 01
Commerce , where be went to cash a chccl
for $480 , just received ; before present
ing the check he recognized De
tective Steyiu on the other sid <
of the street. Fearing the check wouli
give him away , he tore it and thrust , tlu
pieces in his'mouth and began to cat them. .
Detectives at once arrested him , but recoV'
cred only a small portion of the check. Th <
prisoner was recognized as Raymond , alia :
Marshall.the forger , who in 1873 aided it
placing $750,000 forged Erie and , Buffalc
bonds. For this offense he was seutencec
"to five years In state's prison. He is forty
six years' old , and has a glass eye. He i ;
said to confine himself entirely to forgery ,
The bonds from which the altered coupon
were detached arc supposed to be the prop
erty of Hinckley , who had a largo amount o
securities on deposit in the vaults of North
arnpton bank at the time of the burglary.
- FATAL COLLISION OF TRAINS.
A collision occurred at Highland Parl
station , on th'e West Maryland road , Sunda ;
morning between the regular and an extr ;
freight train. The'regular train stopped 01
account of a hot-box , and a few minute
afterwards w as run into by the extra. 1
itrakeman had gone back to warn the extra
Before the crash , Joseph Cruz , engineer o
the extra , jumped from the engine and es
caped with a 'sprained ankle. Wm. Abell
brakeman , was killed ; Joseph Dorsey , cat
tie drover ? fatally injured ; Wm. Fleigh
fireman , slightly injured. The verdict o
the coroner's jury charged the collision tigress
.A disastrous fire destroyed on Sunday
afternoon a large brick building on Artisal
fctreet , New Haven , Conn. The fire brok
out in : i lumber yard in the rear of th
building. The building was four stone
high and occupied by the New Haven Stapl
manufacturing company and Strong Car
tridge company. Loss , $100,000 ; insurance
$ ( J5UOO. A fireman was seriously injure !
by falling bricks.
THE NEW POSTAGE STAMPS.
The postoffice department has selectee
color for the new four-cent or double-rati
stamp a shade of green somewhat dpJce :
than that in which the present three-Lv ,
stamp is printed. As the three-cent will u
retired from circulation , no errors are likel.i
to arise from similarity of color. The neii
stamp bears the profile.likeness of Andrew
Jackson. Distribution to postmasters of th (
two-cent stamp begins September 1st. It i ;
believed everything will be in readiness foi
the change of letter postage , October Ist
NORTHERN PACIFIC MAIL SERVICE. '
Railway postoffice service on the
Northern Pacific railroad has been orderee :
between Missoula and Helena , Montana , tc
take effect September 2. Tnis will make
continuous railroad postoffice service vir
the Northern Pacific railroad Irom St. Paul
to Portland , a distance of 1,900 miles.
POSTOFFICES IN THE UNITED STATES.
There are now 48,081 postoffices ir
the United States , of which number 1,07-1
are presidential and 6,273 money ordei
offices. Since the year 1876 the number oj
postoffices has been increased 40 per cent.
A PENSION SWINDLER.
Another case of alleged attempted
swindling of pension claims was brought tc
light Tuesday by the arrest of Gould P.
Atistin , a discharged cleric of the pension
office , > who it is saiit has been writing to ap
plicants for pensions , representing himseil
as still connected with the department and
liable to secure favorable action on theii
claims. A quantity of official papers and n
mass of correspondence was found at his
room when arrested , and was held in $1,50C
bail to appear in court.
DECISION ON LAND SPECULATIONS.
-Jin the case of Craig vs. Morgan , the
acting secretary of the interior on Wednes
day decided the settlement made on Osage
trust and diminished lands in Kansaswhere
the settler had arranged to sell the lands to
others , does not give the right of entry
under the act of May 28,1880 , providing for
the gale of these lands to actual settlers
THE NEW POSTAL NOTES.
The postoffice was on Thursday sup
plied with the first installment of the new
postal notes. They are printed in yellow
ink and bound in books of 500 notes with
stubfc that are to be filled up with a brief
statement of the amount of the detached
notes and other particalars. Eighty thou
sand books have been sent to various
money order offices of the country.
APPLICATIONS FOR FOOD.
A large number of applications have
been made to the marine hospital service
for food for destitute citizens on the naval
reservation at Pensacola. The letter was
referred to the acting hccrctary of the treasury
ury , who decided there was" nofunds on
hand which could be used for such purpose.
It was held the Mate of Florida must care
for its own poor , or make a public appeal
INTERNAL REVENUE RECEIPTS.
i Internal revenue receipts for the
month of July last were $9,278,535 , being a
decrease of $3.600,922 as compared with
July , 1882. The receipts for August were
$9,910,281 , showing a decrease of $2,484,087
as compared with August , 1882. The net
decrease for-July and August is $6,094,009.
Rare Fnn at a Baptism in Georgia.
I heard of a colored baptizing over in
Crawford county-thai beats anything in
that line that 1 ever heard of before.
The colored minister was baptizing a
good many of the colored brethren and
sisters , and among the rest was one sis
ter who would bring the scales down
close on to two hundred pounds. When
the time came for her to be "ducked"
the parson went into the water about
shoulder deep. Jnst as.the words Holy
Ghost got of the sable divine's month
the colored woman thought she would
have to do something and she threw the
pastor down and , as a matter of course ,
He had to turn her loose. When trying
to rescue herself she was carried into
3eep water and it took four men to get
tier out. "I golly , " she said , when she
same out of the water , and vowed that
she would never try to throw the pastor
ESSEX COUNTY. VA. 3Ir. James R. Mi-
ion , clerk , says : "I have used Brown's
iron Bittera and found it valuable for the
purposes which it claims.- *
What costume ought to remind a
ady of her washerwoman ? Whv , her
awn dress , to be sure. [ Carl Pretzel's
Oil ofjvhite birch bark dissolved in
ilcohol when applied to fabrics ren-
lers them water-proof and preserves
hem from the attacks of injects with-
at in any way seriously impairing the
.ppearan.ee or the pliability of the ma-
THE OLD fOBLD.
The Appalling Fatality That Has
Overtaken Some Volcanic
- Islands ,
Disappearance of Miles of Terri
tory , Containing Villages and
Thousands of People.
The Czar of Russia Visiting Denmarh
The Annamlte Trenty Otlier
Details received by specials from
London of the volcanic eruptions resulting
in tidal waves in the Island of Java , whlcb
began last Saturday night , show there wa >
frightful loss of life and destruction of prop
erty. Some two thousand Chinese living on
Long Ground at the entrance of Batavia har
bor , were drowned by the waves , and
of 3,500 Europeans and Americans living
in that city , 800 are said to be lost. Al
Anzier showers of rocks , mud and lava ,
followed by waves , destroyed 2,000 people.
Bortain is entirely covered with water , and
1,000 to 1.600 persons were drowned. The
island of ccraugo was submerged and all its
inhabitants not stated how many perished.
Several other places are said to have shared
like fate. Nearly one-half of the forty volca
noes on the island are in eruption or threat en
it , and it is feared no section of the island
will escape great loss of life and damage to
property. The mountains which bayc nol
erupted since the last century are now in ac
tive movement , throwing out immense
quantities of sulphur , mud , ashes , rocks
and boiling water and scattering them over
a great extent of country.
Further special cablegrams from Ba
tavia , the capital of Java , via London , the
29th , lip. m.t give further particulars ol
the great volcanic upheavals on the Island
of Java and adjacent islands. The&e late
accounts show the disaster far more wide
spread and fatally destructive than reported
in previous accounts. Late Sunday after
noon when the terrible eruptions were sup
posed to have leached their height , the violence
lence of the diaturbance suddenly increased ,
and the island seemed to be buried in vol
canic ashes. Enormous waves dashed
upon the shores to a remarkable
height , going far into the inte
rior of the island. Great chasm ;
opened in the earth. At midnight
Sunday night eruptions from the several
active "volcanoes continued with frightful
violence. Great streams of lava poured
down the sides of the mountains. Immense
fissures in the earth opened , emitting tor
rents of vapor , making a tremendous
hissing sound , as if a thousand engines
were letting off steam. , A't 2 o'clock"Mon
day morning the violent eruptions seemed
to cease , but frightful rumblings beneatl
the earth were heard distinctly. Greal
quantities of lava , rocks and ashes were
ejected from numerous volcanoes. Daylight
showed that an enormous tract of laud cover
ing territory fifty miles square had entirelj
disappeared beneath the waves , carrying
with it two villages and an agricultura
population estimated at fully 15,000 people.
Not a soul escaped. The entire range oJ
Kanadga mountains , extending along the
coast sixty-live miles , have gone out oi
sight. The town from Tanerara , only twenty-
five miles of Batavia , was swept away by a
stream of lava. Half of the population , 01
fully 1,800 inhabitants , perished. In Bata
via the loss is very great. Much damage
was done all the principal houses by the fall
ing of red hot stones , although this place i ;
twenty-live miles distant. The aggregate
loss of life on the main island of Java anc
numerous small aeljacent islands isestimatet
at fully 75,000 people. Of course the cxacl
number of those that perished will never be
known. The small island of Langkel has
THE LIST INCREASING.
A correspondent telegraphs that he
believed 100,000 persons perished in tlu
North Bantam island ( Java ) calamity. He
believed the garrison and fort at Ang ! $
were swept away. Extensive plains of vol
canic stone formed in the sea uearLampong ,
Sumatra , preventing communication wiili
OUTRAGES UPON JEWS. .j
Advicea from Ekaterinoska since the
riots against the Jews says 340 houses were
burned and plundered during the progress
of the riots , and the loss sustained by the
Jews is estimated at 011,000 roubles. Four
teen llussians , who were wounded by the
troops in quelling the outbreak have died ,
making a total of twenty-eight. Several
case ? of Jew-beating are reported elsewhere ,
but the police and troops acting with energy
iu most instances , promptly suppressed any
attempts. Iu the outrages against the Jews
at Berchadf , however , eighty houses of the
Jews were tired. Their lormer inmates are
without shelter , and suffering great priva
A Batavia cablegram of Monday says :
Terrific , detonations were heard yesterday
evening from Volcanic island , Krakatoa ,
audible at Saera Krata , on the Island of
Suva. Ashes from the volcano fell as far as
Cheribpn and flashes proceeding from it
were visible in Batavia. Stones fell in a
shower on Serang , which was in total dark
ness throughout the night. Uatavia was
nearly so , gas lights having been extin
guished during the night. Communication
with Aujier is stopped. It is feared there
was calamity there. Several bridges be
tween Aujier and Serang were destroyed. A
village has been washed away , the rivers
having overflowsd because of the rush of sea
THE TONQUIN TROUBLE.
The emperor of Annam has not yet
accepted the treaty submitted him "bv
Hamoud , of the French civil service com"-
missiou , but \yill probably accept it in addi
tion to conditions before announced. The
treaty requires guarantees that the French
protectorate be recognized all over Anuani.
Success of the French troops in Aunam ren
dered China more hostile to them.
A correspondent at Madrid says :
Ministers who [ oppose King Alfonso's visit
to Germany argue it will be more politic for
the king to surrender the idea , because of
umbrage France would take if he carried it
The minister of the interior has start
ed a fund for the relief of families of victims
of the cholera. Large sums are promised.
English hoop's in Egypt will subscribe one
Twelve deaths from cholera in Alexandria
THE CZAR IN DENMARK.
The czar and czarina of Russia , ar
rived at Copenhagen on Thursday. They
were received by the king of Denmark and
king of Greece on board the royal yacht.
Their majesties were taken ashore and es
corted to the royal palace by the prineipa
civil and military authorities and foreign
ministers. Immense crowds assembled ai
the landing place and along the route to the
palace , cheering the imperial visitors. Their
majesties were received at the palace by the
queen of Denmark , the Princess of "Wales
and a brilliant court.
The treaty of peace between France
and Annam allows France to station resi
dents in all the chief towns of Tonquin , who
are to be accompanied by the necessary
number of troops. France may. also con
struct forts on the banks of Red river. The
French resident at Hue is to have the privi
lege formerly refused of private audience
with the sovereign of Cochin. Chinese
money is to have currency throughout An
nam , and the commercial customs and sys
tem of taxation are to be regulated
by conferences , to attend to which the
French envoy is about to go to him. The
Annamites having requested that the French
legation at Hue be opened at the earliest
possible date , Champcani has been ap
pointed to proceed thither and assume
charge of affairs. Decorations and presents
for tlie king and Annamite ministers will be
sent to Hue shortly. The blockade between
ihe island of Hong and Packlong will be
maintained for the present.
ARREST OF DYNAMITERS.
The London police have declined to
reveal the source of information which led
to the arrest of six Irishmen on the charge
of havi'becn connected with the attempts
to destroy property here last January. The
men were all apprehended at the same time ,
in different parts of the city. The houses in
which ih y lived were searched by thepolice.
The prisoners are charged with blowing up
the largest gasometer in the city , destroying
a railway shed and attempting to destroy
tvith dynamite the aqueduct at Firth o'f
Clyde canal. Another Irishman , named
Donnelly , was arrested on the pamn charge ,
since the conviction of Dr. "Gallagher
md the ottjer dynamite conspirators , the
police have closely pursued clues which1
. \ * ' p'
have been obtained In regard to other mcm-
brrH of the gang , and which , it is believed ,
will clearly establish the fact that relations
exist between illegal societies In London and
It was rumored at Plymouth Sunday
that the Generate Trans-Atlantic company's
steamer , Amcricmc , Captain Sawtelle ,
which sailed from Havre Saturday for New
York , foundered. The Amcrlquo passed
LIzzard Point all right that night. A heJavy
gale prevailed throughout England Satur
day night , doing much damage to property.
Many wrecks and some loss of life are re
ported. Later'news places the Amerique
Hudson Steamboat Explosion.
At about ten minutes to 4 Tuesday
aftci noon people who were in the neighbor
hood of the foot of Fourteenth street and
North river , New York , were startled by
the sound of an explosion coming from the
direction of the river , and looking out in
mid stream they saw the Hudson steamer
Hiverdale enveloped in steam. In less than
six minutes afterward she keeled to the side
and capsized opposite Sixteenth street , she
having floated that far. Instantly about
fifteen different tugs steamed from the city
and Hoboken , to where the sunken vessel
lay. There were over 100 passengers
on board the Hiverdale when she left the
foot of Harrison street for Haverstraw.
Some of these were hurled into the air and
then fell back into the water , and others
were compelled to jump into "the river to
escape the hissing steam that had filled all
-parts of the vessel , or to avoid going down
with her. The cause of the disaster was
explosion of the boiler which \yas amid
ships. When the boiler burst the air was
filleei with flying debris and broken wood
work , and the pilot house .snapped like a
pipe stem and toppled over into the water.
About fifty people lost their lives , some
being blown into eternity , and others met
their death by being drawn down with the
whirlpool , caused by sinking of the vessel.
Those who were floating or swimming about
in the river were picked up by the tugs andrew
row boats that came to the rescue.
Spccinl to Omaha Republican.
OAKLAND , August 31. A daring rob
bery was committed yesterday aftenioon on
the road about one and a half miles north ol
this village. Charles Oukson and son had
just arrived from Illinois to take possession
of his farm , which he had purchased a
month ago. 3Ir. Oakson and boy started
up to the farm with a team and farm wagon ,
and had two or tLree trunks aboard. Just
before leaving Main street a young man
asked for a ride , saying he wanted to go up
to Lyons. A seat was given him on one ol
trunks behind Mr. Oakson and boy. All wenl
well until they reached a secluded spot beside
a large corn-field one mile and a half from
town , when the "meek young man" in the
rear opened his gripsack and pulled out t
revolver and demanded tfcelr money , 01
' ' dead the . " ' The old
'you are on spot. gen
tleman had just deposited several thousand
dollars in the * Bank of Oakland , and had
only about $10 , which the "meek one" took ,
together with a watch and chain ; also $2
and a watch from the boy. "ConstableVal -
leu , on hearing of the facts , called out sev
eral citizens and btarted in pursuit , bul
darkness coming on , most of them returnee
and reported ' 'not found. ' '
How Was Man Distributed on the
Popular Science Monthly.
The question arises , how has the hu
man race been able to spread itself ovei
the whole surface of the globe ? Is i
the product of different anel independem
origins in the several continents , 01
have all men sprung from a commoi
cradle , a "mother-region ? " On tin :
point students are divided , Agassh
holding that men wcie created , am
Curl Vogt that they were developed , al
different centers , and Quatrefages ane :
the theologians maintaining the unitj
of their origin. The fact is left thai
man , the same in all the essential char
acteristics of the species , has advancec
into all the habitable parts of the globe
and that not recently , and wlijiH uro-
vided with all the resources that v5Jeri [
ence and inventive genius could put al
his disposal , but when still young anc
i fnoi'n.nt. Jt wivs then tlmr , wuaisaiiL
almost naked , having only just got fiic
and a few rude arms with which to de
fend itself and procure food , the Ionian
race conquered the world and spread
itself from within the Arctic circle to
Terra del Fuego , from the Samoyetl
country to Van Diemen's Land , from
the North Cape to the Cape of Good
Hope. It is this primitive exodus ,
as certain as it is inconceiv
able , accepted by science as well as by
dogma , that AVC have to explain or
at least to make probable ; and that in
an age when it is only after the most
wonderful discoveries , by the aid of the
most powerful machinery for naviga
tion , through the boldest and most ad
venturous enterprises , that civilized
man has been able to flatter himself
that he has at last gone as far as infant
man went in an age that is so far re
moved from us as to baffle all calcula
We mus6 insist on this point , for it
brings into light an obstacle which
those who have tried to trace out tbe
connection between widely separated
races , and to determine the course that
had been followed by tribes now sepa
rated by oceans anel vast expanses ,
have hitherto founel insurmountable ;
for , if man is one towhich we are
ready to agree we must assign a single
point of departure for his migrations ,
in. these migrations , man has gone
wherever he could , and , at even7 spot
he has occupied and settled , has
acquired characteristics peculiar to the
places. Hence the varieties in human
races. Some of these , spots seem to
have been peculiarly favorable to his
advancement , and became centers of
civilization. The number of such cen
ters is , however , very limited , and their
distribution is significant.
Off to College.
It was September , 1879. The train
that bore Bode Hawkins to college
caught him away from the arms of his
mother and the kisses of his sisters.
Very glum was Bode Hawkinsand very
reluctant he to go to school. "Aw ,
shaw ! " he growled ; "I don-kare to go ,
nuther , so what's the use ? Dog-gone
the collidge , it don't do no good , and I
won't know no more we'en I come
back than I do we'en I go oway. I'c
ruther drive team 'r learn a trade 'i
somethm' . Dod fetch the thing any
June , 1883. Ambrose Hawkins re
turns to his ancestral halls on the farm.
His family weep for joy. All rush to
embrace him as he steps from the tram.
Ambrose Hawkins gazes fixedly at them
through the oriel window that includes
one eye , and delicately extending two
fingers for them to grasp , he murmurs :
"Aw fathaw ! gently , my deah fellah ,
jently ; easy on the rings , ye knaw.
Bless you , me mothaw haw , no ,
thanks : kiss you when we get home , ye
knaw. How do , brotbaw brothaw
bless soul but I've forgotten
well , me , aw ,
gotten the boy's name. Sistah deah ,
svill you kindly hand these brawses faw
Be boxes to tfie luggage mawstah ? Aw
-is this this the vehicle ? "
And all the way home the old man
lidn't say a wordbut he just drove and
; hought , and thought and drove , and
icarly all that night he sat up twisting
lis hickories and laying them to soak
n the watering-trough down by the
: ow-lane and he told a neighbor next
norning that Charles Francis Adams
vas right , and that "he has about four
rears of college larnin' to unlearn fer
Jode afore the boy could holler at a
eke of steers like used to , but the boy
eenied to be comin1 round all right ,
he'd do ' . "
ind he reckoned , by-'n-by.
There is no sorrow greater than to
eve what is great , and try to reach it ,
, nd yet to fail.
It seems as if them as aren't wanted
.ere are the only folks as aren't'wanted
1 the other worfd.
The saloon license of Qmaha an\ou.nts \
? $80,000 per annum ,
The Nominations and Platform
Set Forth by the Recent
James "W. Savage , ol Douglas
County , Nominated for Su
J. M. Woolworth of Douglas , E. R ,
Dnuicls of Madison , and G. W.
Johnson of Flllmorc , for
Thej.Nebraska democratic state con
vention was held at the Academy of 3Iusk
in Omaha Wednesday afternoon , there being
quite u large attendance.
The convention was called to order by the
lion. J. Sterling Morton , chairman of the
state central committee. Juelge J. F. Kin.
ney , of Nebraska City , was chosen tem
porary chairman , and J. O. Whedon was
elected temporary f ecretary. Judge Kinnej
thanked the convention for the honor con
ferred upon him , and ho stated the object ol
the convention in quite a fcpecch.
VictorYifquain , of Saline , moved to ap
point a committee on credentials. The
chair appointed as such committee , Victot
Vifqualu , of Saline ; J. C. Crawford , ol
Cuming ; Beach llinman , of Lincoln ; F. .
White , of Cass ; Gen. Montgomery , of Lan
caster ; Judge Martin , of llichardsou ; C. li.
Ilcdick , of Douglas.
J. Sterling Morton was called out for c
speech , and being introduced by Judge
kinnc > as the standard-bearer of the party ,
said that the last campaign illustrated noth
ing iu particular except the toughness ol
iibre possessed by democrats who lived ii :
Nebraska. The democracy stands on the
same platform this year as last They hole
that the government has no right to impost
any taxes except such as bring into the treas
ury that revenue which is necessary to pro
tect the people in the rights guaranteed ! > }
the constitution the enjoyment of life , lib
erty , and the pursuit of happiness , am
that all tariff taxes should be utterly abolished
After the report of the committee on cre
dentials was adopted , the temporary organ ! :
zation was made permanent.
The chair appointed a committee on plat
form , consisting of J. Sterling Morton , Dr ,
Bear , of Madison ; Dr. Wallace , of Cass :
McManigal , of Lancaster ; Dr. Glover , o :
J. E. North , ofPlatte. moved to noml
nate a candidate for justice of the biipremi
Mr. Chapman , of Colfax , presented. th <
name of Jas. W. Savage , of Douglas.
Judge Savage's nomination-was by accL-v
ination made unanimous amid great entliu
For regents of the university the names o
Dr. E. Den , of Douglas : Dr. K. It. Daniels
of Madison ; lion. James M. Woolworth , o
Douglas ; Dr. G. W. Johnson , of Fillmore
were placedbefore the convention.
Judge Savage was now presented to thi
convention as their candidate for justice o
the supreme court , and accepted the iiom
illation in a very neat and modest speech.
The nomination of regents was then pro >
Dr. G. W. Johnson , Dr. ID. R. Daniels
and lion. J. M. Woohvortu.were nominatee
A motion of E. n. Clark , of Washington
to continue the central committee for twe
years , was amended by a motion of Jame :
Creighton to continue the committee for on <
Year , and carried. *
The committee was authorized to fill an ;
vacancies that might occur on the ticket.
was reported by J. Sterling Morton , chair
man of the committee , and was unani
niously adopted. It was as follows :
The democracy of Nebraska assembled a
Omaha on the 29 th of August , 1883 , unani
mously declare :
First The government of the Unitee
States has no constitutional or otljifcright ti
impose taxes upon the people , except will
the intent and result of getting money inte
the public treasury with which to pay the
debts nml-proviUo for-tho commea lefcuai
and general welfare of the United States.
All tariff taxes called protective , laid will
far different intent and result , ought to be
utterly abolished. yf
Seeonel That "protection , " bo-called ,
derives-lno part of its impulseorlinaintenance |
from reasoning or common sense ; but is
wholly a scheme of a few selfish men foi
their own aggrandizement at the expense ol
the masses of the people ; and like the late
river and harbor bill , vetoed by President
Arthur , the worse a protective tariff bill ,
the more likely it is to be enacted because
the log rolling for it is the fiercer and more
Third The reckless squandering in the
recent river and harbor bills ; in star route
iraudulent contracts ; in the payment of al
leged secret service detectives ; in the mul
tiplication of salaries and perquisites for an
unnumbered and almost innumerable swarm
of office-holders , and in other visible cor
ruptions of that part of the people's money
which does not reach the national treasury ,
deserves the immediate and emphatic con
demnation of the people.
Fourth The state of Nebraska , iu common
with the otherstates of the union , has , and
exercises the rijjht of regulating ths sale of
intoxicating elrmks in the interest of good
order within the state , but the prohibition
of the manufacture and sale of such drinks
within the state is contrary to the funda
mental rights of the individual , and to the
fundamental principles of social and moral
conduct , and if enacted will be neutralized
by the constitution of the United States ,
which permils the introduction to every
state of f o'reign liquors imported from abroad
and controls every form of inter-state com
Fifth Corporate capital , whethei in the
form ol banks , manufacturing establish
ments or railroads , must keep its hands off
the reserved rights of the people. The
democrats of Nebraska denounce all rail
roads within the state which elector attempt
to elect , which influence or attempt to in
fluence delegates to political conventions ,
members of the legislature and senators or
members of congress. Corporate capital , as
such , must not be permitted thus to en
croach upon popular rights. We assert the
right of the legislature to control the jail-
roads ; we deny the right of the railroads to
control the legislature.
Sixth We demand the enactment of a
law which shallunder severe penalties , for
bid the issuance of passes , or free trans
portation of any kind whatsoever by any
railroad in Nebraska to any person holding
either an elective or appointive office , or
any other official position uneler the consti
tution or laws of this state.
Seventh That the policy of the adminis
tration of holding a large sum of money in
the federal treas'ury is most unwise and
censurable. To this is justly chargeable a
large share of the depression that hos for
months overshadowed all business interests.
The surplus over the current expenses of
the government should be paid out in re
demption of its interest-bearing debt.
Eighth That we , as democrats , commend
state treasurer , P. D. Sturdevant , oe-
cau e he favored letting the contract for
building the new state house to the lowest
instead of the highest bidder. And that we
condemn he Stout contract , so-called , for
convict labor , bv ' which duly convicted fel
ons are enabled' in the interest of Stout to
successfully compete with free , honest la
borers in the markets of Lincoln and the
Ninth Government , whether the state or
the United States , is nothing but a commit
tee of citizens , appointed to attend to cer
tain concerns of the whole body of people
that cannot otherwise be managed , and all
straining or undue extension of the func-
: ions of this committee in any direction
whatsoever should be constantly watched
md always resisted by the people.
Unhappiness of the Insane.
Popular Science Monthly forSeptember. !
When I was convalescent , in the
isylum , I attended an evening card
> arty , given in one of the pleasantest
vards , for the amusement of those pa-
ients that are well enough to appreciate
md enjoy such an occasion. I met a
ady , a patient , who had been in the
isylurn three rears. Although I could
ee that she was somewhat flighty , yet
n all other respects she was quite an in
digent person. She told me that she
lad left at home her daughter , an only
ihild , about fourteen years old , whom
he had not seen in all that time. This
aely's husband had virtually put her in
irison , and had. never taken the pains
o call on her himself of teuer than once
. year , and had never allowed her
laughter to visit her. Tears stood in
ho poor woman's eyes as she told me
liese things , and I had no reason'-to be-
ievG that she was deceiving herself or
ae. And upon inquiry I found that
er ease wes not an exceptional one ,
There arc mothers confined in all of
our asylums , as there word in the insti
tution whore I was , whof while they arc
insane enough to warrant their Doing
put under restraint , are yet sufficiently
intelligent to bo sensible of their condi
tion , nnd like the lady I have alluded
to , bo overwhelmed by the thought that
they are in a hopelessly helpless condi
tion , and may be kept imprisoned thus
for years , or oven for life , away from
their kindred and friends , and from the
little onefor whom their hunrta yearn
with an intensity that no human being
can appreciate , except some mother
that has lost a child. This lady said
she had known such patients , when
talking about the little children from
whom they had been separated ,
to sob and moan for * hours at
a time. But the law is inexorable ,
It says that a husband may confine his
wife in an asylum if ho can prove that
she is insane and that is a very com
prehensive word. In some states the
certificates of two physicians will ac
complish this purpose. ; anel when once
a patient is shut up in a ward there i. '
no deliverance that can bo depended
upon , as I shall presently proceed tc
show. But not only do women suffer in
this way , for there are men whoso affec
tions are as keen and as strong as those
of any womanwho long to bowiththcii
boys and girls , to see them growing tc
manhooel and womanhood , but whc
know neither the day northo hour when
that longing shall be gratified.
Praying Against Time.
Talking against time is common ir
congress.but praying against time is tlu
device of a clever Brooklyn child , whc
will know how to get her rights whet
she comes in sight of them.
The lire burned low in the Franklir
stove , the cat was asleep on the rug anel
not a mouse stirred behind the wamsco !
as the mother wrote by a shaded lamj
with a noiseless pen. All the house pui
on slippers of velvet when little Hose
went to bed.for sleep and she were cne
mies , and she fought him to the lasl
eye-lash. Ilcr voice came from the
bedroom now with no sound of surrcndei
in it. It was better to be at prayer thar
to be asleep , and of course no one coulf
reprove her for praying.
"O Lord , " said she , "make me good
and let me go in the omnibus to see
Aunt Margaret and all the aunts ant
ncices and mothers. Help me safe , foi
I want to go and see Aunt Margaret
and see what I can see. Don't lei i <
hail , or snow , or rain , forl want to gt
in the omnibus to see Aunt JMargare
very much indeed , and all the aunts anc
nieces and mothers. Make me well sc
that I can go in the omnibus ; please do
Bless grandpa and grandma , Aunt Kat <
and "Aunt Sophia and Mr. Charle
Swan. Bless papa and mamma , ane
make us all good , so that we can go t <
heaven at last , for Jesus' sake. Amen.1
There was a short pause , and thei
the wide-awake , defiant voice went on
"Keep grandma from dying _ befor
she gets here. Don't let anything hap
pen to her. Don't let any bears or will
beasts eat me up. Bless grandpa am
grandma and Mr. Charles Swan , am
Aunt Kate and Aunt Sophia. "
Another pause , a little longer thai
the first , and the unconquered begai
"I long for apples. I long [ for milk
I long for pie. 1 long to be good ,
wish I had not that cold. I long fo
some water. I long for some wine ,
long for some brown bread. I long fo
some molasses. I long for some whit
bread. I lon < j to be a woman. I than !
Thee that it did not rain orcsaow. Giv
me a clean spirit. Let me be gooi
when papa is here , for itj rieves him ti
have me naughty , and he buys nn
things playthings. I have prayed thu
I should go to sleep. Tlilptmakes threi
A yawn , a long-drawn breath , anc
then silence presently announced thai
the last prayer was answered , and slcej :
. Editor's Drawer in '
reigned. [ , Harper's
Treatment by Drills.
British Quarterly Review.
Several hints of no little significance
may be gathered from current practice
in answer to this interesting question ,
Treatment by drugs becomes more sim
ple and direct every year. Instead oi
the wondrous medley an olla podridu
of drugs of former times , the modern
prescription consists ot a single drug
used with a single intention. The Mrug
is not given for the vague reason that it
has been found "to do good , " but with
a distinct aim to produce some definite
physiological effect. The materia med-
ica are reduced to their essential forms ,
and active principles of definite strength
and constitution and of minute propor-
ticms are used in the place of the uncer
tain and bulky drug in its natural state.
Doses are being reduced almost to the
vanishing point , and methods of exhib-
ing them repeatedly come into notice
which are more direct and exclusive in
their application to the affected part
than that which makes the stomach suf
fer for the offenses of every
other part. All these facts may
be said ter show a general tend
ency toward the restriction of the
drug principle of treatment , to make it
more simple and at the same time more
direct , and to free it from much of its
nauseousness. This tendency also
makes" it more positive and its advan
tages more indubitable , but when the
giving of the remedy is restricted to a
definite physiological purpose , it may
safely be sa'id that the raison d'etre of
the bulk of the pharmacopoeia has
passed away. The restless and
ubiquitous spirit of research which is
abroad to-day has supplied a host of
new remedies which gets into books but
not into practice. There are , perhaps ,
a bare dozen of cardinal drugs which
niakenp the greater part of modern
physic the fixed stars of the firma
ment of medicine , around which a mul
titude of inferior lights i evolve in vari
ous subordinate relations. Or , accord
ing to a saying which has been
put into the mouth of a num
ber of eminent physicians : ' -"When I
was youngl had 20 drugs for one disease ;
now I am old I have 20 dise es for
every drug. " And.probably there are
there are" not half a dozen drugs the
utility of which has not been effectivelv
changed. Of this half dozen , two or
three specific drugs will , for all that can
be seen at present , always retain their
place. Their worth is too real and
positive to be neglected , however unsat
isfactory it may be to science to pre
scribe them more or less in the dark.
But the orthodox array of ammunition
of the .cEsculapius of tlie period is grad
ually passing away , anel will soon re
main only as seductive drops , whiffs ,
and lozenges. The prescription of the
future will rather consist in the reduc
tion of the daily life to special and
scientific adaptations of the old Greek
elements , fire , air , earth and water.
A.nd in a sense which will be true in that
innpr truth which uoets saw of old ,
ivounded and exhausted man beaten
lown upon the bosom of his mother
; arth will arise from her embrace like
i eiant refreshed.
Under-draining makes the soil more
JOTOUS. When there is too much water
> n the surface , or from springs under-
icath , the drains carry off the surplus.
tVhen the surface of well-drained soil is
Iry anel hot capillary attraction will
> ring up moisture from below , and the
oil will suffer less from droughfrthan
hat which is less porous.
Ice cream may taste good But it's cold
lomfort ; after all. [ Boston Star ,
A SEAL IN A SACK.
How n Finny Mother 1'oIIovroiI Her Ofl-
prlng for Kfghty Mllcsf.
EonU Burbwn TreM. *
An interesting incident , Illustrating
the maternal affection of nnruiiiiml for
its young , was brought to notice during
the visit of an excursion party to Ana-
capa Wands. A young seal pup , only
a few months olel , was brought away
from the Island by little Ernest Whitehead -
head , who desired to take it home for a
pet. The little animal W H seciired by
a rope around onu of ita fins nnd tied
within a small yawl belonging to the
Shortly before sailing a largo eal
was noticed swimming uroutieLthooloop ,
anchored off the cove where the capture
was made , uttering loud barks nnd at
times howling piteously. No iwrticu-
lur attention was paid to thu unlinal at
the time , or to the little captive , which
at times barked in response to thu old
dam's plainta. The boat sailed away ,
making for the Ventura shore. When
off San Buenaventura a calm In the
wind decreased the Hpoeel of the boat ,
when a largo seal was noticed near the
On reaching the wharf at Santa Bar
bara at 2 o'clock next morning a seal
was again discovered swimming about
the boat. It was nol supposed that this
was the mother of the captive , or out of
pity for its misery the pup would have
been thrown overboard. To better se
cure the pup until daylight the rope
was taken from its fin anel it wa.s tk-d
up in a jute sack and let loose on tlie
deck. Soon after coming to anchor the
seal rcsponeled to its mother's invitation
by casting itself overboard , all tieel up
as it was within a sack. It is asserted
by the men on deck that the .seal
mother seized the sack , and with her
teeth tore open the prison of her off
spring. This , however , Ls mere con
jecture.- it did , the little pup was
saved ; otherwise it woulel drown tieel
up in the sack.
The incident was the more interesting
from the fact that the old seal had to
follow the sloop at least eighty miles
over the ocean in a hopeful endeavor to
rescue its young.
An Unscrupulous Collector.
A little story was told us bv a lady
lately abroad which illustrates the moral
obtuseness that is sometimes seen in thu
fair sex when they covet the gooels of
their neighbors which they cannot ob
tain legitimately. The teller of the
story was in. Komo and had by much
trouble and care collected a large num
ber of photographs of persons ami
places which she wished bound up with
the letter-press of a favemtc work of
fiction. For that purpose she went to a
Iloman shop and left her book and
photographs to be bound , while she
went on a visit to Naples. On her re
turn , the man of the shop , whe > was a
German , by the way , informed her that
through the carelessness of his boy the
book had been lost after binding , anel
he was very much troubled botli at the
loss ami , being a poor man , at having
to make it gooel to his cu.stonu.-rt
Though rather discouraged , the lady
duplicated her former collection , and
succeeded in getting it into the form
that she wished without further mishap.
Soon after , when showing the volume tea
a friend in Parisshu was tolel that Mrs.
Blank , an American lady of considera
ble social position had the same vol
umes , illustrate1- ; ! ! the same way , anel ,
on further inqviry , found thai her fair
countrywoman , rfaving ieftTIr large or
der for books at the same Itoman shop ,
saw and wished to buy the volumes left
there to be bound , and which were then
ready for the owner. The shopkeeper
told her they were not his and refused
to part with them , until shu declared
she would countermand Jiei relt-r and
buy nothing fj * a him unless lie woulel
sell her ; liose particular volumes and
tell the owner he had lost them. At
last , rather than lose a profitable trade ,
he did so , and the books now repose
among the valued mementoes of an
American lady of taste and fashion.
Talented D cad-Beats.
New i'ork Journal.
"See that man ? " and one of Pinker-
ton's shrewdest detectives pointed out a ,
well-dressed young man who walked
leisurely along Broadway. lie heard
the exclamation , and he turned anel
noeldcel , seemingly at the detective.
"That man doesn't beg , borrow nor
steal , yet ain't got a cent , don't make
a dollar anel never had an occupation.
Curious , laii't it ? IIu'.s what I call a
nobby dead-beat. He's an amusin"
fellow in his way , always has a friend
who wants him to stay with him , and
orders cigars by the box , which he never
pays for. '
"Howls it elone ? "
"I don't know. You or I couldn't
elo it. It's a question of temperament
I suppose a happygolucky junior
that makes light of "all dilficnlties anel
takes nothing seriously. Tlu-re are
dozens of such men in New York.
Some get watched becau.su th"ir con
duct gives rise to suspicion. You know
that a man who has nothing to do may
turn his attention to bank vaults and
things of that kind , so thatenerally
these nobby dead-beats may lie lookeel
upon with .suspicion. Of "course it's
only a place like New York London or
Paris that will shelter such fcHo'.us and
give them a chance to live at the pub
lic's expense. "
Petted to Death.
Tlie poor little baby is gone ! What
ever the doctor may "havo written upon
his certificate , there are some frien-is of
the family who are sure that the little
object was fairly petted to death. It
was a forlorn , thin baby bright and
brave , but excitable , and'unfortunately ,
the only one in a large family. Grand
papa and < rriiielmamma on both slel"s ,
the bachelor uncles , and txvo vivacious
young aunts iu their teens were all
ready to assert their rights -to take care
of baby" find 'amu-e her. " Hardly
had the delicate bo'ly an hour's rest in
the day. She wa tossed in the air and
trundled over rough pavements , anel
carried in arm ? , : : nel made tonile and
to give her attention to whoever de
manded it ; that mo t fatiguing mental
exercise. When she was sick the family
were doubly attentive. She grew more
anel more languid , through everything
was done. Lverything- indeed ! Was
ever baby loveel more , and more inju
diciously treated by well-meaning rela
tives ? It has its just rest at last.
The Influence of forests.
The influence of forests upon climate
.ind fertility is as yet but poorly under
stood by even the more professional
zlass of farmers. It is a problem that
: an be solved only by observations ex-
lending over considerable periods of
time. But the influence is plainly ob
servable and its explanation simple ,
strip the hills of th ; ir protecting for-
; sts , and the thin covering of sod vlueh
iverlays their rocky slopes will shortly
ic washed down into th valleys and
nto the beds of streams aiiel rivers.
Periodical freshets will result" which
vill eventually carry away the bett soil
rom even the valleys. One authority
leclares that if the elestniction of the
lill forests be continued in Ohio , half
he area of that state will be sterile in
ess than fifty years.
Intemperance in aims is the source
if many of the life-failures which we
; 0istautiy witness.
The offender never pardon ? .
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