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THE UTAH COMMISSION.
* > . * * . * * " < r 'f t -A 2eply to Some ClmrgeH Mode Against1 ' That Itocljr. WASHINGTON , September 4. The fol- lowing.commuulcatignwas received to-d < w " ' " " at Uac interior department : ' "N aALTXiAKK Gixy/August 30. SIB" In the absence of my associates of the Utah commission , who are on a few weeks vaca tion , I take the liberty of addressing you in their behalf us well OH my o vn. Hitherto we have paid but little attention to many false statements of the press emanating from this city , but I find in the newspapers what' purports to be a statement made by Hon Edwards 1'ierropont to President Arthur at the National park which ought not to go unnoticed. These statements I find in a , telegram from Chicago , dated August S4 , * \3dch I enclose herein. If the honorable gentleman made these statements he has certainly gathered an immense crop of mis information during his brief slay in this city1. The source o ! his false Information is well known to us , and is plainly indicated in conversations. The commission will some time before t e meeting of congress make a full and detailed report of all our proceed ings since wo entered upon the discharge of our duties In this territory , from which Plerrcpont will fee he has been badly im posed upon. Without taking time to notice the numerous errors contained in this con versation , E only wish to say now in.bohalf of the commission that every charge or in nuendo that the gentlemen composing this lyfeard have been improperly influenced , or have failed to discharge their whole duty under the law , to the best of their ability and judgment , IK based upon information % vilfully and wickedly false. This board is charged under the law with the duty of ex cluding al ! polygamibts from voting and from eligibility to office. This is the full extent of our authority under the law , and in this our work lias been completely successful. We have excluded some 12,000 polygamista from the polls , and at the November election of 18S2 and many municipal elections since that time and at the general election in Au- jnibt , 1883 , embracing about 800 officers who were elected. We have excluded all polygamists - amists from eligibility. In short that com- Slission has strictly and htringently executed the law of congress , and has stretched the legal tether to its utmost tension in order to make it as perfect as possible , Inasmuch that the Mormons have sued members of the board in ton several cases for what they allege to bo excess of authority against them. I wish you to consider this as an officia "miimmication , and bring it to the attention of the president as early as prac ticable. ( Signed ) A. B. CAIU.TOX , Of Utah Commission. HKNRY M. TKLLKR , Secretary of ihe Interior. ' i The President in Chicago. CHICAGO , September 5. President Arthur passed the forenoon quietly at his hotel , receiving a few callers. At 2:30 , accompanied by several members of the re ception committee , he appeared on the trading floor of the chamber of commerce , where he met with a splendid ovation. Fully four thousand were on the floor , and in the galleries , and the appearance of Mr. Arthur was the signal for a roll of continu ous checrins' of several minutea.Ho was introduced by Vice President French as chief magistrate of a Union enjoying the areatest prosperity ever known in the his tory of the world. President Arthur spoke as follows : SI < * GENTLKMINI thank you for the V-armth of this greeting. I am glad to have the opportunity of greeting so many of the representative business men of this magnm- cent city. I shall always recall with pleas ure the'warmth ind cordiality with which I have been welcomed , and leave you with my best wished for your prosperity and wel fare. " Secretary Lincoln said he bad been trying for two years to convince the president that Chicago was the center of the nation , but this magnificent reception was an argument he could not withstand. At 1 o'clock the president held a reception at the Union League club , and at 2 o'clock eat down to dinner at the Calamet club , ten dered by the Illinois commandery of the Loyal League. Between the hours of 8 and 10 o'clock the president held a reception at the Grand Pacific , to which the general public was in vited. The invitation was largely accepted. The president and members of his party occupied a position In the general parlors of I the hotel. The crowd , which momentarily increased from the hour of the opening of the reception till 9 o'clock , marshalled into I line by the police and military , kept moving steadily past him. The movement was so rapid as to render impossible the barbarism of two hours' haud-fehaking , and the chief executive was , therefore , spared that inflic tion , except in special cases of friends and acquaintances , or of those personally pre j sented to him. In epite the steady stream , passing , there was no diminution In the vast crowd , and when the chief executive was . ftompelled to end the reception ani prepare for his journey , hundreds utill thronged the corridors and stairways leading to the parlor floor. At the close of the reception the president stepped out upon the balcony , In response j to calls from the large gathering of people i outside , and addressed a few words to them , ! saying that he was very tired from exertions | of the day and evening , and that he was obliged to a > k them to excuse I im from any carded remrrks , as he was obliged to pre pare for the coming journey. Secretary Lincoln wan then called for. As- he appeared boine one shouted"Three cheers for the next president. " Mr. Lin coln said he hoped he would never be as wide of the mark aa the man who proposed Bteutimont. He thanked them for the , hearty reception accorded'ttfe president. * ' "Senator Cullom resp onded'tocalfsu > and- Hpoke of the patriotism shown in the attend ance oMbe people-tfat the reception , espa- cially the large representation of the labor ing-clement. This cnded-thoxeccption. , Jt Is estimated 10,000 passed before thdifpres'i- * dent during the two hours. ' Secretary Lln-P coin did not accompany the president cast. He goes to Mt. Pleasant , Iowa , to-morrow o join Ids family. i Jay Gould's Testimony. NEW YORK , September 5. Senators Blair and Call walled patiently for Jay Gould to appear before them this morning to tes tify as to the relatlon of capital and labor. There was a large audience in attendance. AB Gould delayed his appearince , the com mittee heard statements 'from George W. Weston , u lawyer of this city , who ap- pearcd in opposition to the theory of Henry George and Moody. Just us the witness was beginning Ills testimony Gould entered. Weston merely state * ! that the tendency to monopolize land was- not HO great as it was fifteen years agd in this country. Gould then took the htand , and being sworn , Senator Blair requested him to clve a history of his early life and first business adventures and then go on and give the story of his progress to the present time. Gould Feemed to be. somewhat staggered at this request , but turning- with a smile to wards the reporters began In a low voice by baying : I'was born at Roxbury , Delaware county , this state , May 27th , 183G. My parents had a small farm and kept twenty cows , which I assisted in tending. I attended school about fifteen miles distant , and when I was about 14 years old obtained a situation ; in. a neighboring village. 1 was much interested in mathematics , and would get up at 3 o'clock in the morning to study to G , when the store was opened. I remained in the state for two years , when I made the acquaintance of a surveyor who was mak ing a survey of Ulster county. He took me into his sen-ice at a salary of $20 a month. I learned my employer's credit was not very good , and I was to obtain no money for my work until it was complete , BO I made sun dials for farmers at § 1 apiece to pay my running expenses. I .made surveys after wards in Delaware and Albany counties , and made in these contracts about $500. I then went into tanning with a Mr. Pratt , of Prattville , and finally entered into partner- shipwithjChas. M. Luff , who committed suicide. The first railroad with which I had any connection was what is now a portion of the Rensalaer and Saratoga. During the panic of 1859 the stock was down very low , and I was able to buy a large amount of the stock , which afterwards rose in value and made a handsome profit. The next road in which Gould was Interested was the Cleveland & Pittsburg , which he afterwards leased to the Pennsylvania road. Gould then rehearsed his connection with the Union Pacific road. As he had interested himself in it and stock was falling , he made up his mind to carry it through at any cost. It was on the point of being placed in the hands of a receiver. Afterwards , when the road became a paying < 5he and dividends were declared regularly , there was a great cry that this was Juy Gould's road , as if this was a dangerous thing. He said , however , he was then engaged in selling out his. stock , which was soon in the hands of more than seven thousand investors , representing the earnings of many widows and orphans. This , ended his connection with the Union Pacific , and the stock is now higher than he sold it. The next venture was the building of the Gould railroad system in the south and west. It began with the purchase of the Missouri Pacific from Commodore Garrison. Other roads were purchased and connections made to different points. Gould said he had at this time passed the point where moneymaking - making was an object , and his only idea was in carrying out the system , to merely see what could be done by a combination of lines now spread through Ohio , Illinois , Indiana , Michigan , Missouri , Arkansas , Indian Ter ritory , Texas , Louisiana and Mexico. There are central connections at Cincinnati , St. Louis , Chicago and New Orleans. All the construction of this system of roads was completed last year and represented about 10,000 miles of road. The earnings of the lines , when he took posseseion of them , was about $70,000 a month. In building up this ( system the southwest was opened up and thrown open to Civiliza tion. Mr. Gould said he had started the * American Union as a rival to" the Western Union , but found it could not be done , ow ing to the latter's connections. He then bought a controlling interest * In Western Union. Regarding the prospects of the government Instituting a postal telegraph system , witness said the idea was opposed to American Institutions. He said the telegraph - graph business , more than any other , had to bo managed by experts , and the Western Union only succeeded in earning dividends by doing business well. Under government system the management would bo subject to great changes. Mr. Gould said Western Union paid Its employes better than any other company , in his opinion. The < strike was the result of a feeling of dissatisfaction among the poorer class of employes. The better class of work- men did not as a general rule care so much how many hours they worked , as they were continually hoping for a higher position and wages. Labor and capital , if left to them selves , would bring about satisfactory ad- jusLnent. Mr. Gould said the value of Htockthe In corporation depended -upon its earning 'povvers. There might''be water In' the Western Union , but the same could be said .of all kinds of property which had increased in value. He thought the government had no right to fix a limit beyond profits that a ' - ov , I.1 < r .cpjnpany couldgo sojong as , the rates were ndt unreasonable , butj hid no right to take away private .prope/tyjr gut Juat compen sation. Mr. Gould also thought the mail service would-be b'ctter'TraiodlpJIahpd by- private enterprise He wcfnld nolt Bbject to the government taking hold of 4h6' * telegraph system of the Western jUnion , provided It would pay what It is worth. In his opinion It would not bo a success. Uniform traffic could be secured under private enterprise as well as under the supervision of the government - , ment , and the Western Union policy tended to accomplish this. Senator Blair inquired ( of Mr. Gould whether he could give an approximate esti mate value of the Wedtern Union company. Gould replied that he was not In position to give buch an estimate. He did not trouble hiinself with details , but * judged of the value of property on a broader basis that being it earning power. The value of the franchises possessed ' by the company at present could not be estimated by any known means. He thought sevqu per cent was a fair.o.stimate of the earning power of the Western Union. If thejpeoplo thought they were getting too much they could buy the stock. The stock of all safe paying en terprises was being distributed all over the country. This class of investors held about sixty million dollars of Western Union stock , which was continually becoming bcarce In the market. Within two years Gould thought the remaining shares now. upon the market would be absorbed by in- vistors. He did not think there was as much water in the stock of Western Union as in many other companies. A Negress * Romance. Kansas City Times. "I was born at Nashville , Tonn. " said Mattie Young , "and , though I am unable to count or to reckon time , I think I must be about sixteen years old. When I was something more than a year old I was stolen by Robinson's circus. They made ' a dancing girl of me , and I got so' I was a good per former. We went to Cuba , finally , and after I had been with them about seven years , I should think , I was put up for sale on the block at Havana. Henry Grannison , who owns a coffee planta tion about eight miles from Havanav lipught-me , and I went to his place as his slave. They have no mercy on their slaves in Cuba , and I was treated like a brute. When I first went there I was branded on the back with eigh teen names , and as often as the scira would dim 1 was branded again. The names were Spanish , and included the name of my master and his slaves. "I was made to plow , like a horse. They would hitch three women in har ness , and make us 'drag the plow along , one of us carrying a regular bit in the mouth. The food they gave us con sisted of cats , dogs and grasshoppers , and they made us pick tobacco worms and eat them , too. We were some times whipped as often as three times a day , and we never knew what Sunday was. was."Two months ago while I was at the house of my master , one of the little children got mad and declared I had beaten her. They wouldn't hear any thing I said , and told me the queen had ordered my throat to be cut. I begged ior time to pi ay , and they gave mo till the next morning. In Cuba our god is a big snake we call Sarah , and wo pray to it for mercy. I believed I would bo killed , for 1 had heard of slaves having their throats cut , and I had been struck on the head with knives before. So that evening I planned to run away. I got a life-preserver from a ship where I was sent to carry coal. WThen night came I put the life-preserver around me , climbed over the wall , and jumped into the ocean. I was a good swimmer , and wasn't afraid. But the Cuban sol diers heard me splashing in the water , and they began firing at me. The first ball struck me in the thigh , the next hit my foot , and before they quit shoot ing they hit me seven times. My arms were not hurt though , and I kept on swimming. Finally 1 reached an island and I stayed there five weeks , living on whatever I could. My wounds hurt me terribly , but as they hurt mo worse on land than in the salt water I kept my life preserver on , and swam along the shore of the island most of the time. At the end of five weeks a ship carne along bound for Galveston , and I was taken aboard. When we reached Gal veston I was put in the hands of some colored church people , and , as " I had heard that my mother lived "in Nash ville , I was sent there. At Nashville I found that my mother had gone , they said , to Kansas City , and BO I got help to come here. " . - The Consul and His "Wife. A Protestant -Bishop who had just been appointed to a missionary see in China wished to pay a visit of ceremony to the Tao-tai , or Chinese official who was in charge of the city which was in trusted to the bishop's spiritual care. As the British consul , who was to ac company him , would be in uniform , the happy thought struck the bishop that it would be well for him to apppar in his "episcopal robes and lawn sleeves. This was carried out , to the great bewilder ment of the Tao-tai , , who hadof course , never beheld anything similar. He treated his visitors with the usual Chi nese politeness , and talked to the con sul about the weather , but could not avoid glances of curiosity at the strange ly-dressed being at his side. .Next day an Englishman who had business with j the Tuo-tai made his call , and was thus " * * addressed : "The1corisul was very polite -and' amiable during the visit he I paid yesterday ; but tell me , why did ho bring his wife ? AVhy did he bring his wife ? " * _ What fate imposes men must needs abide. , THE t- * . 9 LAST , SPIKE. - , 4 , * - * - ft 4 * ' f I j' v Completion of Track. Laying ; on thuXortli- 3 $ * J * , . * * * * crn 1'nclOe. JElKLENA , iLT. , , September 8. It is eight miles from Helena to the point where the steep grade of the KockjrMountains be gins , and twelve from there to the mouth of Mullen tunnel. As the tunnel Is not com pleted , Mullen pai-s Is crossed by running In curyes at a distance of about four miles. The grade is the same as at Bozeman. The sections were safely lifted over the height and the descent made to this point , where the ceremony of driving the last spike has just been concluded. The distance from this point to Helena in fifty-live miles. The train arrived in good shape. From Portland there came a splendid train , bear ing prominent citizens to participate in the ceremonies. * The occasion was regarded aH a remarkable one , and as promising a prosperous future. All were surprised at what they beheld. Instead of a wilderness there was a magnifi cent pavillion capable of seating more than one thousand people. In front there was an extensive promenade. The Fifth U. S. Infantry band entertained the company with music. Hundreds of hardy mountaineers had gathered to welcome the party. The ceremonies were opened by President VII- lard , who divided the attention of the enthusiastic multitude with Gen , Grant , seated on the platform. VSllard concluded amid tremendous applause. He then intro duced the orator of the occasion , Hon.Wm. M Evarts. The orator was very heartily applauded. After music Villard introduced Secretary Teller , who spoke of the great energy and capital required to complete the various transcontinental lines and the prospective benefits to the nation. This enterprise of the Northern Pacific railway , along whose lines there would be In a few years nine million people , could not be called local in character. It was more than national. It concerned the welfare of other peoples. It now remains for the managers to justify in the future the wisdom of the government in what it had done and that they will if the policy announced by Villard is carried out. Secretary Teller was followed by ex-Pres ident Billings. Villard then introduced Minibter Sackville West , of England , who in turn introduced Sir James Henneu as the Englibh represen tative for the occasion. Sir James said the English guests were filled with wonder at the magnificent country. The German minister - ister , Von Eisendecker , was then presented and expressed the hearty good wishes of his countrymen forthis enterprise. Dr. Kreip , of Berlin university , then spoke at length in behalf of the German visitors. Dr. Hof- inaun , the greatest microscopist of the age , said the construction of the Northern Paci fic was a modern miracle , and unlike recent miracles was performed in compliance with the laws of nature. The governors of Wis consin , Minnesota , Dakota , Montana , Oregon gen and Washington Territory were sever ally introduced and made , appropriate re marks. There were loud cries for Gen. Grant , and as the general came forward the air was rent with cheers. He made a few remarks suitable to the occasion. He sid he was reminded by the speeches to which he lis tened of the fact that he had bad something to do with the great Northern Pacific enter prise. When Gov. Stevens , thirty years ago , organized his surveying party , he was a lieutenant acting as quartermaster on the Columbia , and he issued the supplies for the expedition , a Was he not , then , entitled to some credit which Billings had appor tioned outfto others ? It was true , while Billings had contributed of his own money , he paid out Uncle Sam's. The many veterans present became per fectly wild when he said that these inter colonial railroads would have amounted to but little hut for the men who after the war sought the territ jries as fields of enterprise. At the conclusion three cheers were given. A photograph was then taken of the foreiirn guests and Villaid family. After that a her e that had helped build the road from its in ception was brought upon the platform. Then 300 men quickly laid the iron and drove the spikes on the thousand feet of uncompleted track , except the last spike. During the progress of the work , which amazed the foreigners , the band played and the peop'e shouted. When nearly completed a cannon salute was fired. The last spike was finally driven home by H. C. Davis , assistant general passenger agent of the road , who drove the first spike on the opening of the road , and ihis spike was the same one first driven by him. The end was reached as the sun was setting. The enthu siasm of the five thousand people was inde scribable. This brought to a happy termi nus one of the greatest events of Ameiican history. The trains reformed and the guests departed , a few for the east and the balance westward. Spanish Belles. Saratoga Letter. I almost think that the finest beauty in Saratoga this summer is Cuban or Spanish , and there arc. many of them. They are worth watching in social m- tercouse , having a slight fire and more affection. They roll off the Caslillian language like n battle going on in a [ sea-shell ; it comes from such lips , too , and such lashes release the ambci eye to do its flashing , and the nostrils swell as if they also ought to have eyelashes , to modify the translucence of their | sensibility. I bear that their beauty | does not wear. It wears on me from year to year. Some of these maids are ' white as snow. You think they are going to talk to you in the Vermont or the Jowa tongue , till suddenly they shoot out : i senfence which sounds like "O hoto pete , cas uda tornado , bung ! " § Sundayism in England. C-UboMc World. In the United States there has been a tightening of legislation in. regard , to certain observances-of the Sunoayybut in England wo seem inclined towards a loosening of the bonds which still unite the Sunday with Christian sentiment. It is true that the proposed changes are but apologetic ; they are regretful even more than they are concessive ; nor would they appear to the ordinary American to make more demand on the conscience than they do on the purses of the Britisher. The American wag who said that "Sunday in New York used to be kept like any other day iu the week , and rather more so , " might see nothing to be complained of in the very mild propositions in regard to the museums and the picture-galleries. Looking at the question from the social point of view , it is not impossible that we might be gainers by the change. From the religious point of view we should have to argue upon first principles ; and these I will not allude to at the present time. Socially the English Sunday has become so deterior ated into a mere lonuging-day , among the masses of our countrymen and countrywomen , that not even th'e Sal vation Army can do more than tickle the humor of the thousands of strollers who won't be bored by religion. And , socially , the upper classes are to blame , for a decadence which their good ex ample , their self-denial , might have prevented. The selfishness of the up per classes,55n thinking chiely of their own comforts and caring little for the reasonable rest of their servants , has bred a popular conviction that Sunday- ism , like respectability , is designed chiefly for those who can afford both. And , * further than this , the vulgar worldiness which has led the rich classes to oust the poor classes from all the best seats in all the churches leaving the poor classes to sit , like alms-people , on back benches , from which they may contem plate the bright toilets in the best seats has led the uoor classes to look on churches as the Sunday show-places of rich people , who cannot even on one day give up their good things to the poor , nor , in God's house , put them selves in the back seats. There is some ground for such an irritable mood of inference. The silk dresses and the velvet jackets are swept majestically up the nave , graciously touching , perhaps , the cotton garments of the plebeian ; and from the ivory purses are taken the shillings or the half-crowns for the front seats which should be devoted to the poor. Has this Scandal had no so cial fruit or complement , no ethical or political results worth the naming ? It has made radicalism to come out of the churches , from the observation of the worldly selfishness which has walked into them. The TTnreturned Soldier. Correspondence Boston Transcript. I saw some of the G. A. R. men mak ing a small mound of flowers in ono fir corner of the yardand on inquiry found i it was in honor of the unreturned sol diers. And now comes the most solemn * l part of all. They soon gathered around the mound of flowers , the men all with uncovered heads. The minister made a quiet , touching prayer , then a women r f" and daughter came to the side of the mound and the daughter sang so sweet ly "The Faded Coat of Blue. " The woman was the widow of one of the brave men who went to war early in 1862leaving his wife and this daughter , a wee little babe , in her arms. The man never came back and never , was found. Everybody was deeply affected as that daughter , now a woman , stood by the mound of flowers and sang to her father's memory. As they all stood there in that quiet place , with reverent hearts and uncovered heads , and as she sang the last "I'll find you and know you among the good and true , When a robe of white Is given for your faded coat of blue" I think it safe to say there were few dry eyes among them ; perhaps it was be cause my own eyes were so blurred , but I am sure I saw an old , rough farmer draw the back of his hard , rough hand across his eyes. As she sanir the last , her voice had hardly died away and the band struck in oh , so softly ! just the chorus of "Sweet By-aml-by. " It was so soft and minus the drum that the horse didn't start , and there , in that deathlike stillness , it was simply heavenly. But it brought too much of sadness to me : I turned my horse and quietly rode away. Do 3011 smile at the simplicity of it all ? Methinks our own loving hearts could not have ex pressed a finer sentiment. Withers Obeyed Orders. Vfath npton .Letter. "There goes General Withers , " said the Virginia colonel. "He commanded the Confederate artillery at Vicksburg. He kept on firing hours after Pemberton had surrendered. Finally he stopped. Presently he found himself in General Grant's tent. Grant was complaining to Temberton that his artillery had not ceased at the moment of capitulation. 'Here's the man who is respoiiMble for that , ' said Pemberton , as " \ \ ithers en tered. And then he began to scold him for blundering in that way. 'Gt-ueral,1 said Withers , somewhat heated , ll didn't know you had surrendered.1 'I thought everybody heard of 11mt us soon as it occurred , ' said Pemburtun. 'Oh , 1 heard rumors , ' replied Withers ; 'but I light on orders , not on lumors. ' 'General Withers is right , ' said General Grant , for the first time since Withers entered ; 'good soldiers obey 01 ders re gardless of rumors. You ought to have notified him at once , Guiiuml Pember ton. ' General Withers is now a , rich mik. He has a farm a stock farm , I thin n in Kentucky. " fc