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to maritime war/arc , and If they are not put In cflicicnt condition we may be subjected to hU/nltiution by a hostile power greatly in- ferior'to ourselves. THE TOItPKDO 8EUVICK. \t As germane to this subject I call your at- g.4tlon to the importance of perfecting our rCrpedo defences. The board authorized by the lustcongrehs to report on the method which be adopted for the manufacture of heavy ordnance adopted to- general ware- fare lias been as slsted by the principal iron and steel works , In this country and in Eu rope. It IB hoped that its report will be soon made and thatjcongress will thereupon be disposed to provide suitable facilities and plans for the manufacture of such guns t JLS are now imperatively needed. THE BTATK MILITIA. On several occasions during the past year ofilecMof the armv have , at the request of the state authorltfes. visited their military encampments for the inspection of the troops. From the reports of these officers I nm induced to believe that the encourage ment of state militia organization by the na tional government would be followed by very gratifying results , and would afford it in sudden emergencies the aid of a large body of volunteers educated in the per formance of military duties. . TUB NKWWAll VESSELS. The secretary of the navy reports that under the authority of the acts of August f , 1882 , and March 3 , 188.1 , the work of strengthening our navy by the construction of modern vessels has been auspiciously be gun. Three cruisers are now in progress of construction the Chicago , 6f 4 , . " > 00 tons displacement , and the Boston and Atlanta , each of 2.00 tons. They are to be built of Hteel , with the tcnible strength and durability presribed by law , and in combination of speed. endurance and armament are ex pected to compare favorably with the best war vessels of other nations. A fourth veb- scl , the Dolphin , is to be constructed of feimilar material , and it ) intended to serve as a fleet dispatch boat. The double-turretcd monitors , Puritan , Amphritc and Terror , have been launched on the Delaware river , and a contract has been made for the supply of their machinery. A similar monitor , the Madanock , has been launched in California. The naval advisory board and the secretary recommend the completion of the mouitorn and the construction of four gunboats , and also of three additional steel vessels like the Chicago , Boston and Dolphin as an impor tant measure of material defense. INCUKA8IKO OUK NAVAL 8TKENGTH. The secretary xirges also tne Immediate creation of an "interior fast line of water ways across the peninsula of Florida , along the" coast from Florida to Hampton Koads , between the Chesapeake bay and Delaware river and through Cape Cod. I feel bound to impress upon the attention of congress the necessity of continued progress in the reconstruction of the navy. The condition of the public treasury , as 1 have already in timated , makes the present an auspicious time for putting this nranch of service in a state of efficiency. It is no part of our policy to en-ate and maintain a navy able to cope with that of the other great powers of the world. We have no wi-h for foreign conquest , and the peace which we have long enjoyed is in no seeming danger of in- tenuption , but that our naval strength should be made adequate for the defense of our harbors , the protection of our commer cial interests , and the maintenance of our national honor , is a proposition from vvbiuh no patriotic citizen can withhold his con sent. TQE POSTAL SERVICE. f The report of the postmaster general con tains a gratifying exhibit of the condition and prospects of this interesting branch of the public service committed to his care. It appears that on June 30 , 1883. th whole number of postoffices was 47,803 , of which 1,032 were established during the last pre vious fiscal year. The number of offices operating under the system of free delivery was 154. At these latter offices the postage on local matter amounted to $ il,9f > 2.305.- 225 a sum exceeding by 51,021,81.05 the entire cost of the carriers' service of the country. . The rate of postage on drop let ters passing through these offices is now fix ed by law at two cents per half ounce or fraction thereof. In offices where the car rier system has not been established the rate If only half as large. A REDUCTION PKOrOSEP. It will be remembered that in 1863 , when free delivery was first established by law , the uniform single rate postage upon local letters was one cent , and so it remained un- Jil 1872. when' In those cities where carrier ' service'was established it was increased to defray the expense of such service. It seems to me that the old rate may now with propriety be restored , and that , too , even at the risk of diminishing for a time at least the receipts from postage upon load letters. I can see no reason why that particular class of .mail .matter should be held double for the entire cost , not only of its collection and delivery but the collection and delivery of all other elapses ; and I am confident" , after final consideration of the subject , that the reduction of rate would be followed by such a growing accession of business as to occasion but Blight and temporary loss to the revenues to tf THE TELEGRAPH QUKSTIOX. The postmaster-general devotes much of his report to the consideration in its various aspects of the government to the telegraph. Such reflection as I have been able to give to this subject , xlnce my last annual mes sage , has not led me to change the-view which I then expressed in dissenting from " the recommendation "of the postmaster- general that the government assumes the same control over the telegraph which ithas ' always exercised over the'mail. Admitting that its authority in the premises as ample as has ever been claimed for it. It would not in iny judgment bo a wlso use of that au thority to purchase or assume the control of existing telegraph lines , ortoconstrurt oth er * wiih a view of entering into general competition with private enterprise. The objections which may be jut-tly urged against either of these "projects , and indeed against any system which would require an enormous increase in the civil service list , Vdo not , however , apply to some of the /plans which have lately provoked public comment and discussion. It has been claimed for example , that congress migh't widely authorize the poftmaater-gcncral to contract with some private person or cor poration for the transmission of messages at specified r.ttes and under government supervision. GOVERNMENT SCrKRVISIOlf. Various such schemes of the same general aature , but widely differing in their special characteristics , have been suggested in the public prints , and the arguments by which tbeyhave been suggested and opposed have doutaJfess attracted your attention. It is likely that the whole subject will be coneid- by you at the"pre'sent session. In the re of things it involves BO many ques- of detail that your deliberations would bahly be aided slightly , if at all. by any .particular suggestion * which I might , now submit. I avow my belief , .however , that the government should be authorized by law to exercise pome sort of FtipervNioa over inter-dtato telegraph communication , and express the hope that for attaining that end Home measure may be devised which will receive your approbation. THE COURTS. < The attorney general criticises , in his re port , the provisions of existing laws fixing the fees of Jurors and witnesses in the fed eral courts. The provisions are chiefly con tained in the act of February 20 , 1853 , though home of them were introduced into that act from statutes which had been passed many years previous. It is manifest that such compensation as might , when those laws were enacted , have been just and rea sonable , would In many instances be justly regarded at the present day as wholly inade quate. THK MATTKR OK SALARY. I concur with the attorney general in the belief that the statutes should b icvised by which these fees are regulated ; so , too , should the lawn which regulate the compen sation of district attorneys and marshals. They should be paid wholly by salaries in stead of in part by fees , as is now the case. The change would prove to be a measure of economyO and would discourage the insti tution of needless and oppressive legal pro ceedings , which , it is to be feared , have in some Instances been conducted for the mere sake of personal gain. JNTEIOfAL. AKFAIUS. 3Iuch interesting and varied information is contained In the report of the secretary of the interior. I particularly call your atten tion to his presentation of certain phrases of the Indian question , to nis recommendations for the repeal of the pre-emption and tim ber culture acts , and for more stringent legislation to prevent frauds under the pen sion laws. The statute * which preherve the definitions and punishments of crimes rela ting to pensions could doubtless be made more eifectlvc by certain amendments and additions which are pointed out in the treas ury report. " FEDERAL Al KOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS. I have previously referred to the alarming state of illiteracy in certain portions of the country , and again submit for the consider ation of congress whether some federal aid should be extended to public primary edu- cution when adequate provision therefore nas not already been made. THK 1'OLYOAMY ULCKB. The Utah commission hew submitted to the secretary of the interior it second annual re port , with full particulars of Its labors in that \-rntory. pursuant to the act of March ' i , Ts&J. It appeufs that the persons by that act disqualified , to the number of about 12,000 , were oxcludcd from the polls , This fact , how ever , affords little cause for congratulation , and I fear that it is far from iutlicating' any real and substantial progress toward the ex tirpation of polygamy. All of the members of the legislature are Mormons. There Is grave reason to beliuvo that they arc in sym pathy with the practice.- * that this government is seeking to MIpin-eM , and that its efforts in that regard will be more lil-ulyto encounter their opposition thiin to receive their encour agement and support. MORE STIilXGENT LAV.'S NEEDED. Even if this view should happily be er roneous the law under which the commis sioners have been acting should be made more effectual by the incorporation of some such stringent measures as they recom mend , as were included in bill No. 2 , 38 , on the calendar of the senate at its lust ses sion. I am convinced , however , that polygamy has become so strongly intrench ed in the Territory of Utah that it is profit less to attack with any but the stoutest weapons which constitutional legislation can make. I favor , therefore , the repeal of the act upon which the existing government de pends , the resumption by the national legislature of the entire political control of the territory , and the establishment of a commission with such powers and duties as shall be delegated to it by law. AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT. The department of agriculture is accom plishing much in the direction of the agri cultural development of the country and the report of the commissioner giving the results of his investigations and experi ments will be fotind interesting and valu able. At his instance a convention of those interested in the cattle industry of the coun try was lately held at Chicago. The preva lence of pleuro-pneuraonia and other con tagious diseases of animals was one of the chief topics of discussion. A committee of the convention will invite your co-operation in Investigating the causes of these diseases and providing methods for their perventioH und cure cureTHK THK NEEDS OK ALASKA . I trust that congress will not fall at its present session to put Alaska under the pro tection of law. - Ita people have repeatedly remonstrated against our neglect to afford them the maintenance and protection ex pressly guaranteed by the terms of the treaty whereby that territory was ceded to the United States. For sixteen years they have pleaded in vain , f or that which they should have received without the asking. They have no law for the collection of debts , the support of education , the conveyance of property , the administration of estates or the enforcement of contracts ; none , indeed , for.the punishment of criminals except puch as offered against certain customs , com merce and navigation acts. The resources of Alaska , especially in fur , mines and lumber , are considerable in extent - . tent and capable of large development , while itB geographical situation is one of political and commercial importance. The promptings of interest , therefore , as well as considerations ' of honor and good faith demand th'e immediate establishment of civil Kovernment in that territory. RAILWAY ABUSES. Complaints have lately been frequent and urgent that certain corporations , controlling in whole or in part the facilities for the interstate ter-state carriage of persons and merchan dise upon the great rail roads of the country , have resorted m their dealings with the pub lic to diverse measures , unjust and oppres sive in their character. In some instances the state court * have attacked and sup pressed these evils , but In others they have been unable to afford an equal protection because of the juriodictional limitations which are imposed upon-tbcm by the federal - al corporation. GOVERNMENT SUPERVISION , The question , how far the national gov ernment may lawfully interfere In the prem ises , and what , if any , supervision or con trol it ought to exercise , is one which merits your careful consideration. While we can not fail to recognize thtf Importance of the vast Tallway svste'ms of the country , and their great "and beneficial influence * upon the development of our material wealth , we hhould , on the other hand , remember that the individual and no corporation ought to be Invested with ab"olute power over the interest of other citizens or class of citizens. CONGRESS SHOULD PROTECT TUB MIOPLK. The right of the railway corporations to demand a profitable return upon their in vestments and to a reasonable freedom in their regulations must be recognized , but it heoms only Just , to far as Its constitutional authority will permit , that congress should protect the people at large in their Inter state traffic against acts of injuf-tlce which the Htate governments are powerless to pre vent. FOREST PRESERVATION" . In rarliwt annual message I called atten- " - - - "T - - ' tion to the necessity of protecting by suit able legislation the forests situated upon the public domain. In many portions of the west the pursuit of general agriculture is only made practicable by the resort to irri gation , whfle such useful irrigation would be impossible without the aid afforded by the forests in contributing to the regularity and constancy of such supply of water. During the past year severe suffering and great loss of property have been occasioned by prof use floods , followed by periods of unusually low water in many of the great rivers of the couutry. These irregularities are caused by the removal from about the sources of the streams in question , of the timber by which the water supply has been nourished and protected. IMPOIITANCIJ OK TUB KORK8TS. The preservation of such , portion of the forest on too national domain as essentially contributes to the equitable flow of impor tant water courses , is of the highest cense quence. Important tributaries of the Mis souri , the Columbia and the Saskatchewan rise in the mountains of Montana , near the northern boundary of the United States , oetween theBlaekfcet and Flathcad Indian reservation1 ? . This region Is unsuitable for settlement , but upon the rivers which flow from ft depends in the future the agricul tural development of a vast tract , of coun try. The attention of congress is called to the necessity of withdrawing from thepub- licjsale this part of the public domain and establishing there a forest preserve. INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITIONS. The industrial exhibitions which have been held in the United States during the resent year attracted attention in many foreign countries where the announcement of those enterprises had been made public through foreign agencies of the government. The industrial exhibition at Boston , and the southern exposition at Louisville were largely attended by the exhibitors of foreign countries , notwithstanding the absence of any professional character in those under takings. The centennial exposition to be held next vearatNcvvOrleansin commemo ration of tfie century of the first shipment of cotton from a port of the United States , bids fair with a like gratifying success. Un der the act of congress . of the 10th of Febru- ary. 188. . dec aring that exposition to be national and inter-imtion.il in ite character , foreign governments with which the United State * maintain relations have been invited to participate. The promoters of this im portant undertaking have already received assurances of the lively interest which is ex cited abroad. DISTRICT OK COLUMBIA. The report of the commissioners of the District of Columbia is herewith transmit ted. I ask for it your careful attention , especially for those portions which relate to assessments for arrears of taxes und water supply. THK cmt. SEKYICJ : . The commissioners who were appointed under the act of July 10 , I8i > 2 , entitled ' 'An act to reirulate and improve the civil service ' of the United States , " entered promptly upon the discharge of these duties. A se ries of rules , framed in accordance with the spirit of the statue , was approved and pro mulgated by the president of the United States , and in sonic particulars wherein they seemed defective , these rules were subse quently amended. It will provide for the discountenance of any political or religious tests for admission to the offices of the pub lic service to which the statutes relate. The act is limited in its original application to the classified clerkships in the several execu tive departments at Waahiftgtoa , number ing about 5,000 , and to similar positions in customs districts and postoffices where as many as fifty persons are emoloyed , a class ification of these positions analo'gous to that existing in the Washington offices was duly made before the law went into effect. Eleven customs districts and twenty-three po.stoffices were thus brought under the im mediate operation of the statute. WORKINGS OF THE SY8TKM. The annual report of the civil service commission" which wHl soon be submitted to congress , will doubtless afford the means of a more definite judgment than I am now prepared to express as to the merits of the new system. I am persuaded that its effects have thus far proved beneficial. Its practical methods appear to be adequate for the ends proposed , and there has peen no serious difficulties in carrying them into ef fect. Since the 16th of July last no person , so far as I am aware , has been appointed to the public service in the classified portions thereof at any of the departments , or any of the postoffices and custom districts above named , except those certified by the com mission to be most competent on the basis of the examination held in conformity to the rules. ' THK PRESIDENCY AND ITS POWERS. At the time when the present executive entered upon his term of office his death , removal , resignation or inability to dis charge his duties would have left the gov ernment without a constitutional head. It is probable , of course , that a similar contingency may again arise unless the wisdom of " > congress shall .provide against its recurrence. The senate &t its last session , after full consideration , passed an act relating to the subject which will now , I trust , commend Itself to the approval of both houses of con gress. The clause of the constitution upon which must depend any law regulating the prcsidenllal succession presents also for solution other questions of paramount Im portance. These questions relate to the proper interpretation of the phrase "in ability to discharge the powers and duties of said office. " IMPORTANT 'QUESTION TO BE 8KTTLBD. Our organic law provides that when the president suffer from much inability , the presiding officer shall devolve upon the vice- president , who may himself , under Hfo cir cumstances , give place to such officer as congress may by law appoint to act an presi dent. I here set forth numerous and inter esting inquiries which are suggested by these words of the constitution. They were fully stated in "my first communication to congress , and have been the subject of fre quent deliberations in that body. It is greatly to be hoped that these momentous questions will find speedy ( solutions Ieet an emergency may arise when long delay will i be impossible , and any determination , 1 albeit the widest , may furnish cause for anxiety wid alarm. 1J THK VKTO POWKR. For the reasons fully stated in my la t an "JJ nual message , I repeat my recommendation J that congress propose an amendment to that J.J provision of 'the constitution which pre J scribes the formalities for the enactment of 1 laws wlieroby , in respect to bills for the ap ( propriation of public money , the executive If may be able , while giving hi * approval to f particular items , to interpo-e his veto as to ] such ethers as do not commend tbemselves 1i to his Judgment. CIVIL HIGHTSi ] The fourteenth amendment of the constitution - " * tution confers the right of citizenship upon 1 all persons born or naturalized in the United i Stawe , and subject to the jurisdiction there-1' of. It was the special purpose of the amend ment to insure members of the colored race the full enjoyment of civil and political rights. Certain statutory provisions intended to secure the enforcement of thows rights have been recently declared "unconstitution al by the supreme court. Any legislation whereby congress may lawfully supplement the guarantees which the constitution af fords for the equal enjoyment by all the citi zens of the United States , of every right , privilege and Immunity of citizenship , will receive my unhesitating approval. CIIKSTKI : A. ARTHUR. Washington. 1) . C. . Decoinbcr3,1883. List of 17. S. Senators and States to hiohThey Belong. Alabama James L. Pugh , I ) . ; John T. ilorgan , D. Arkansas J. D. Walker , D. ; A. II. Gar land , D- California J. T. Farley , D. : John F. Miller , It. Colorado N. P. Hill. R. ; Thos. 31. Kow- en , 11. Connecticut C. II. I'latt , II. ; J. B. Hawlev , 11. Delaware Thos. F. Bayard , D. ; Eli Saulsbury , 1) . Florida Wilkinson Call , I ) . ; Chas. W. Johncs , D. Georgia J. E. Brown , D. ; A. II. Col- quitt , D. Illinois .John A. Logan , lt.S. 31. Cul- loin , U. Indiana I ) . W. Voorhees , D. ; Benj. Harrison , 11. Iowa W. B. Allison , It. It. ; James F. Wilson , It. Kansas J. J. Ingalls , R ; p. B. PlumbIt. Kentucky J. S. Williams , D. ; .lames B. Beck.D. Louisiana R. F. Jonas , D. ; It. L. Gib son , D. Maine Eugene Hale , It. ; Wm. P. Frye , It. 31 aryhind J. B. Groome , D. ; A. P. Gorman , D. Massachusetts Henry L. Dawes , It. ; George F. Hoar , R Michigan Omar D. Conger , 11. ; T. W. Palmer , It. Minnesota S. J. It. McMillan , It. ; D. M. Sabin , R. Mississippi J. Z. George , D. ; L. Q. C. Lamar , I ) . Missouri George G. Vest , D. ; F. 31. Cockrell , D. Nebraska C. H. Van Wyck , It. ; C. F. Manderson , 11. Nevada J. P. Jones , It. ; James G. Fair , 1) . New Hampshire H. W. Blair , It. ; Al bert Pike , It. New Jersey Win. J. Sewell , It. ; J. It. M.cPhersen , D. New York E. J. Lapham , It. ; Warner Miller , It. North Carolina X. B. Vance , D. ; M. W. Random , D. Ohio G. II. Pcudleton , D. ; John Sher man , 11. Oregon J. II. Slater , D. ; Joseph N. Dolph , It. Pennsylvania J. D. Cameron , It. ; John L. Mitchell , It. Rhode Island N. W. Aldrich , It. ; H. B. Anthony , R. .South Carolina Wade Hampton , I ) . ; M. C. Butler , D. Tennessee II. E. Jackson , I ) . ; Ir-ham G. Harris , D. Texas Samuel B. 3Iaxey , D. ; Richard Coke , D. Vermont J.S. Merrill , R. ; G. F. Ed munds , R. Virgini-i Win. Mahone , R.f : H. H. Rid- dleberger , It.t We t Virginia J. N. Camden , I ) . ; John E. Kenna , D. Wi > < conin Angus Cameron , It. ; Philo- tus Sawyer , R. Republicans , 40 ; democrats , "G. An Interesting Patent Suit. . An interesting case , involving a very ingenious and economical device , has just been decided by the courts , the particulars of which will bear mention. Nel-on Lyon , of Albany , N. Y. , has recovered judgment of 8,44t.lO , besides co-ts and interest against G. T. Fisher & Co. , in the United States Circuit Court , at Detroit , Mich. , for an Infringement of what is known to the trade as Lyon's Patent Metalic Heel Stiffen- er. This contrivance is one of the most Use ful of modern Inventions , and has achieved a remarkable sale over three-quarters of .a million dollars worth , the testimony in the present suit showed , having been disposed of since the patent was granted , being a grand total of 273,478 pounds , or 3,858,000 pairs. The invention consists of a neat metal plate fastening to the outside of a boot or shoe heel , and HO arranged as to prevent the counters from breaking over and the heel from wearing down unevenly. It is a simple but verv ingenious device , and so de sirable oh the score of comfort and economy that infringements were boldly made. At one time the Attorney General of the United States declared the Lyon patent invalid , simplv on account of an informality in the application , but this was afterward corrected by the Commissioner of Patents' , in accord ance with a special act of Congress authoriz ing such correction. Fisher , main improve ment consisted in elongating the screw-hole fastening the plate , and , as defendants , they based their main defence in trying to show the special act of ConereM wa unconstitu tional and that plaintiff's invention was not new. Action was commenced in May , 18SO , a perpetual injunction was obtained" De cember following , and the case was re ferred to a master to ascertain the profits made by defendants and the loss sustained by 3Ir. Lyon. The master reported the sum as S3,834 , but on motion the court doubled the same and directed judgment to be entered against defendants for such double damages , with interest from the date of the master's report , and costs. The Official Count. The following is the official returns of the late election In Nebraska as shown by the canvass of the votes of all the organized counties of the jtate , as made by the state board of canvassers at Lincoln. The can vass shows that M. B. Rco e ha ? a majority of 4,510 over Savage : Supreme Judge Sixth Judicial Dist. M. B. Reese..52,305 Moville 5,906 Savage 47,7SKi Mills 4,322 University Regents- Sev'th Judicial Dist. it. J. Howe..fti.381 Robertson 3,592 Mallaliue j,361 Crawford 4,13 ! ) It. Daniels 41,9iWEighth Judicial Diet. David Butler..13.172 Gasliu G,5'J3 J. M. Wool- Kinth Judicial Din. v.-orth 31,0-27 Tiffany 4ii2K . M.Hyatt..50,427 T. O.'Day 2,750 Holmes 5fi,44o Tenth Judicial Dist. Amos Daan.'M.4Gl rfavidgc J. F. Merritt.-15,511 Hinmun 2.431 First Judicial DJHt. District Attorney- Colby 5.751 Fourth Dist. Brady 8,225 Wm. Marshal. . 7,205 Second Judicial Diet Patterson 6,412 Pound 9,8U JFifth Dist. Third Judicial DNt. G. W. Bemi- . . 7.168 Neville 10.347J. W. Eiler. . . . 5,5 2 Wakely 10,024 Ninth' Dist. Fourth" Judicial Dist. Coffin 4.C31 7,712 R-.uidal ! " , U.rf Williams fi.eSOTenth Dist. Fifth Judicial Dist. ( J. W. Bixler. . . ? , W. H. Morris. T.STItK. C. Calkins. . 2ld7 iBeatty 5.C541 CONGRESSIONAL. SENATE. Monday , December 3. The eenate was called to order by President pro. tern. Edward * . The president laid b - 'ore the senate the credentials in relation to Beck , who succeeds himself. The oath was administered to Beck , Bowen , Culhim , Dolph and Ferry , whose credentials were submitted at the last session. The custo mary resolutions notifying the hoiiK ) and the president that the senate waa ready for business were agreed to. At 3 o'clock the eenate was again called to order , but there being no prospect of the speedy competition of the house organiza tion it adjourned. In administering the oath to senators , the Iron-clad oath was taken by Beck , Bowen , Cullom , Dolph , Frye , Hoar , 3IcPherson , Manderaon , Palmer , Pike , Plumb , Sabln , Saullsbury and Wilson , the remainder taking the modified oath. The new senators are : Pike. Kcnna. Gibson , Colqultt , Wilson , Riddleberger , Sabin. Palmer , Cullom , Manderson , Dolph and Bowen. Adjourned. HOUSE. At IS o'clock Clerk McPherson rapped the house to order and proceeded to call the roll. When the rep resentative from the state of Mississippi had been reached the clerk said he wished to make a statement as to his failure to put up on the roll the name of any representative elect from the second district. Th < j roll call disclosed 316 member * . Nominations for speaker being in order , Geddess haid : ' I nominate for speaker of this house of this house or the 48th congress , Carlisle , of Kentucky , a man of acknowledged and pre-eminent ( nullifications for the place. " Cannon presented the name of Iveifcr , of Ohio , and Lvman the name of Robinson , of Massachusetts Morrison. Tucker , Reed and Calkins were appointed tellers. The clerk proceeded to will the roll and the result was as follows : Carlisle , 101 ; Keifer , 112 ; Robinson , 2 ; ( James and Lyman ) ; J. A. Wine , of Virginia. 1 ( York ) ; Wadsworth , of Kentucky. 1 ( Ochiltree ) ; Lacey , of Michigan , 1 ( White , of Ken tucky ) . TluMih-rk declared Carlisle elect ed. Randall and Keifer escorted the gen tleman to the clniir. His entrance into the chamber was the signal for loud applause. The oath of office was administered. Adjourned. SENATE. TUESDAY. December 4. A bill was. introduced by Mr. Van Wyck , di recting that railroad corporations shall pay , within sixty davs , the costs of surveying and locating lands to which they are enti tled ; otherwise to be subject to state and local taxation ; also , the pre-emption and homestead entry ; al o , to restore to the public domain lands donated , but not earned by the railroad corporations , when the roads were not finished within the time specified in the grant : also , to protect all pre-emption and homestead entries made after forfeiture on failure to build the road within the time specified ; also , for the relief of settlers of the public lands of Nebraska and Kansas on the line of the Denver and St. Joe road. ( It provides for payment of . * :550 : per acre towt- tlcrH whose land , by recent decision of the supreme court reverted to the railroad com pany under a grant which wa-s. sup posed to have been forfeited. ) After re ception of the pres-idcnt's meti'agL'the win- ate adjourned. HOUSE. The delegates from the territo ries appeared at the bar of the hou-e and wore worn in. A resolution was adopted providing that the rules of the Forty-sev enth congress be the ruleo of the Forty- eighth until two weeks from appointment of committee on rule.- . JSTucker offered a resolution referring to the committee on election , when appointed , the certificates and all papcr.s relating to the election of the representative from the First district of Virginia , with instructions to re port a- , early an practicable which of the ri val claimantMayon and Garrison ) of the -cat has the prima facie right , reserving the other party the. privilege of contesting the case on its merits. At the suggestion of Mr. Rannall the matter went over until tomorrow row , and the reading by the clerk of the president's message was ordered. Referred to the committee of the whole. Adjourned. SENATE. Wednesday , December 5 Mr. Butler introduced a bill to repeal the internal revenue laws now in force , and abolish the internal revenue. 3Ir. Ciillam introduced a bill to reorganize the legisla tive power in Utah. Mr. Logan to pro vide for granting public lands to soldiers and sailors of thejlate war. Mr. Hoar in troduced a bill concerning federal elections , which provides for the ui-e of a patented ballot-box and counting device , and requires that all balloting and counting of ballots bo done in onen meeting , which Is not to be adjourned until all the ballots are counted and the result publicly proclaimed by the officers in charge , which offio-r shall be the United State * marshal or Mipervi'-or , who shall be custodian of the boxes , a.s the rep- re-entative of the attorney-general , who shall have primary charge and responsibility of sucn boxes. HOUSE. The Virginia contested election ca"e of Garrison v- . Mayo was referred to the committee on eleciionii. when appoint ed , with instruction to report the legal con ditions involved therein. Mr. JOUCH sub mitted the customary resolutions anno.unc- ing the death of 3Ir. Thomax Herndon , of Alabama , and respect to the memory of thfl deceased. Adjourned. SENATE. THURSDAY , December 6. 3Ir. Mandcrsou presented a memorial from the legislature of Nebraska asking that rail roads to whom the government has granted hinds b either compelled to take out pat ents , ho that they may be taxed , or the land.s.revert to the people ; also , that'the duty be removed on barbed wire ; also , urg ing the improvement of the Mi Euuri river. Mr. Lapham presented a proposed amend ment to the con-titutlon giving women the right of suffrage ; aNo , proposing an amend ment to the constitution giving the president the right to veto separate items in appropri ation bill- * while approving the remainder. Mr. Morgan propo-ed an amendment to th con-titution. by which the president will have the power to disapprove any item 1m appropriations for rivers and harbors , while appropriating other Items. HOCM : . Mr. McCord took the oath of office. No business of importance was done and the house adjourned until Monday. & - & A Bank Robber Arrested. Special K > OmnSiCllerub.lcaa. OnDjNeb. , via North Loup , Dec. 3. La t night Andrew J. Wilson was arrested by Sheriff Thur-ton , of this count } * , aMsted - ed by Sheriff Farrell , of Mills- county , Ia.t and Sheriff Chandler , of Fremont , Neb. Wil.son had robbed a Riverton ( Iowa ) back on July llth , 1S81 , in company with Poke Well. * , and has since been at large. He came here a couple of weeks a o , in com pany with hLs wife , apparently broke. A few days ate he btole $50 at North Loup. He disposed of two fine revolvers here , one of which , according to Sheriff Tarrell , u the one he used In covering the Rirertoa bank ca hkr. The arre-t was well planned and executed without dltliculty While here he pa > sed as A. J. Wlbon. Cash shear the coupons ebsors. r J