Adopted by the Democratic National Con
vention Held In Chicago.
Following is the platform adopted by the
democratic national convention :
The democratic . .party of the Union ,
through ito representative * in national con
vention assembled , recognizes that , as a na
tion grows older new issues are born of
time and progress and old IBBUCB perlsb.
.But'lho fundamental principles of the dem
ocracy , approved by the united voices of the
.people , remain , ana will ever remain , as the
best and only security lor the continuation
of free government. The preservation of
personal rights , the equality of all citizens
before the law , and the supremacy of the
federal government within the limits of the
constitution will over form the true basis of
our liberties , and can never bo surrendered
without destroying that balance of rights
and powcrw which enables a continent devel
oped in peace und social order , to be main
tained by means of local self-government.
But it is indispensable for the practical
application and enforcement of these
fundamental principles that the gov-
ornmeut should not always be cen-
trolled-by one political party. Frequent
changes of administration is as necessary as
constant recurrence to the popular will ,
otherwise abuses grow , and the government ,
instead of being carried on for the general
welfare , becomes on instrumentality for Im
posing heavy burdens upou the many who
are governed for the benefit of the few who
govern. Public servants thus become
This is now the condition of the coun
try. Hence a change is demanded.
The republican party , so far as prin
ciple is concerned , Is a reminiscence ;
in practice , it is an organization for pnrlch-
ing those who control its inichinery.
Tne frauds and jobbery which have been
brought to light in every department of the
government are sufficient to have called for
a reform within the republican party ; yet
those in authority , made recklesH by the long
possession of power , have buccumbed to its
corrupting influence , and have placed in
nomination a ticket against which the inde
pendent portion of the party are in open
Therefore a change is demanded. Such
a change was alike" necessary in 1870 , but
the will of the people was then defeatedby a
fraud which can never bo forgotten nor con
doned. Again , in 1880 , the chunge de
manded by the people was defeated by the
lavish use of money contributed by un
scrupulous contractors and shameless Job
bers who had bargains for unlawful profits
or for higher office.
The republican party , during its illegal ,
its stolen and its bought tenures of power ,
has steadily decayed in moral character and
Its platform promises are now a list of its
It demands the restoration of our navy.
It has * squandered hundreds of millions to
create a navy that does not exist.
It calls upon congress to remove the bur
den under which American shipping has
been depressed. It imposed and has con
tinued these burdens.
It professes the policy of reserving the
public lands for small holdings by actual
settlers. It lias given away the people's
* heritage till now a few railroad&fand non
resident aliens , individual and corporate ,
possess1 larger area than that of all our
tarms between the two seas.
It 'professes a preference for free institu
tions. -organized and tried to legalize a
control of state elections by federal troops.
It professes a desire to elevate labor. It
has subjected American workingmen to the
-competition of convict and imported con
It professes gratitude to all who were dis
abled or died in the war , leaving widows
and orphans. It left to a democratic house
of representatives tbe first effort to equalize
both bounties and pensions.
It proffers a pledge to correct the Irregu
larities of our tariff. ' It created and has
continued them. Its own tariff commis
sion confesses the need of wore than twenty
per cent reduction. Its congress gave a re
duction of less than four per cent.
It professes the protection of American
manufacturers. It Has subjected them to
an increasing flood of manufactured goods
and a hopeless competition with manufac
turing nations , not one of which taxes raw
It prof esses to protect all American indus
tries. It has impoverished many to subsi
dize a few.
It professes the protection of American
labor. Ithas depleted the returns of American -
can agriculture an industry followed by
half our people.
It professes the equality of all men before
the law. Attempting to fix the status of
colored citizens , the acts of its congress
were overset by the decisions of its courts.
It "accepts anew the duty of leading in
the work of progress and reform. " Its
< aught criminals are permitted to escape
through contrived delays or by actual con
nivance in the prosecution. Honeycomb
ed with corruption , outbreaking expos
ures no longer shocked its moral sense. Its
honest members , its independent journals ,
no longer maintain a successful contest for
authority in its counsels , or aveto upon bad
That change is necessary is proved by
an existing surplus of more than $100-
000,000 , which has yearly been collect
ed from a suffering people. Unnecessary
taxation is unjust taxation. We denounce
the republican party for having failed to re
lieve the people from crushing war taxes
which have paralyzed business , crippled
industry , and deprived laborof employment
and Just reward.
The democracy pledges Itself to purify
the administration from corruption , to re
store economy , to revive respect of lawtore
duce taxation to the lowest limit consistent
with due regard to the preservation of the
nation to its creditors and pensioners.
Knowing full well , however , that legis
lation affecting the occupations of the
people should be cautious and conservative
'in method , not in advance of public opin
ion , but responsive to its demands , the
democratic party is pledged to revise the
tariff in a spirit of fairness to all interests.
But in making reduction in taxes it is not
proposed to injure any domestic industries ,
but rather to promote their healthy growth.
Tromthe foundation of this government
taxes collected by the custom house have
been the chief source of federal revenue.
Such they must continue to be. Moreover ,
Snany industries have come to rely upon leg
islationfor successful continuance , so that
i any change of law must be at every step re
gardful of the labor and capital thus in
volved. The process of reform must be
subject in its execution to the plain dic
tate of justice.
All taxation shall be limited to
the requirements of economical gov
ernment. The necessary reduction in tax
ation can and must be effected without de
priving American labor of the ability to
compete successfully with foreign labor and
without imposing lower rates of duty than
will be able to cover any increased cost of
production which may exist in consequence
of the higher rate of wages prevailing in
Sufficient revenue to pay all the
expenses of the federal government eco
nomically administered , including pensions ,
interest and principal of the public debt , can
be got under our present system of taxation ,
Irom custom house taxes on fewer imported
articles , bearing heaviest on articles of lux
ury , and bearing , lightest on articles of ne
We therefore denounce the abuses
of the existing tariff , and subject to the pre
ceding limitations we demand that federal
taxation sha 1 be exclusively for public pur
poses , and shall not exceed the needs of the
government economically administered.
The system of direct taxation , known as
the "internal revenue , " is a war tax , and
so long as the law continue * , the money de
rived therefrom should be sacredlv directed
to the relief of the people from the remain
ing burdens of the war , and be made a fund
to defray the expense of the care and com
fort of worthy soldiers disabled in the line
duty m tbe wars of the republic , and for
the payment of such pensions as congress
may from time to time grant to such sol
diers , a like fund for the oldlers having
been already provided ; and any surplus
should be paid into the treasury.
Wo favor an American continental policy ,
based upon more intimate commercial and
political relatloHS with the fifteen sister re
publics of North , Central and South Amer
ica , but entangling alliance with none. ,
Wo believe in honest money , tbe gold and
silver coinage of the constitution , and a cir
culation medium convertible into fluch
mony without loss.
Asserting the equality of. all men before
the law , we hold that it is the duty of the
government in its dealings with the people
to mete out equal and exact Justice to all
citizens of whatever nativity race , color , or
persuasion religious or political.
Wo believe in a free ballot and a fair
count , and wo call to the memory of the
people the noble struggle of the democrats
in the Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth congress
es , by which a'reluctant republican opposi
tion was compelled to assent to legislation
making everywhere illegal the presence of.
troops at the polls , as tke conclusive proof
that a. democratic administration will pre
serve liberty with order.
The selection of federal officers for the
territories snould be restricted to citizens
previously resident therein.
We oppose sumptuary laws which vex the
citizen and interfere with individual liberty :
we favor honest civil service reform , and
the compensation of all United States officers
by fixed salaries ; the separation of church
and state ; and the diffusion of free educa
tion by common schools , so that every child
in the land may be taught the rights and
duties of citizenship.
While we favor all legislation which will
tend to the equitable distribution of prop
erty , to the prevention of monopoly , , and to
the strict enforcement of individual rights
against corporate abuses , we hold that the
welfare of society depends upon a scrupu
lous regard for the rights of property as de
fined by law.
We believe that labor is best rewarded
where it is freest and most enlightened. It
should therefore be fostered and cherished.
We favor the repeal of all laws restricting
the free action of labor , and the enactment
of liws by which labor organizations may
be incorporated , and of all such legislation
as will tend to enlighten the people as to the
true relations of capital and labor.
We believe that the public Ian Is ought ,
as far as possible , to be kept as homesteads
for actual settlers ; that all unearned lands
heretofore improvidently granted .to rail
road corporations by the action of the re
publican party should be restored to the
public domain ; and that no more grants of
land shall be made to cor orations , or be
allowed to fall into the ownership of alien
\Ve are opposed to all propositions which
upon any pretext would convert the genera ,
govermmsnt into a machine for collecting
taxes to be distributed among the states , or
the citizens thereof.
In reaffirming the declaration of the dem
ocratic platform of 187G , that "the liberal
principles embodied by Jefferson in the
Declaration of Independence and sanc
tioned in the constitution which makes ours
the land of liberty and the asylum'
the oppressed of every nation , have 'ever
been cardinal principles in the democratic
faith ; " we , nevertheless , do not sanction
the importation of foreign labor , or the ad
mission of servile races , unfitted bv habits ,
training , religion or kindred for absorption
into the great body of our people , or for the
citizenship which our laws confer. Amer
ican civilization demands that against the
immigration or importation of Mongolians
to these shores our Kates be closed.
The democratic party insists that it is the
duty of this government to protect with
equal fidelity aud vigilance the rights of its
citizens , native and naturalized , at home and
abroad , and to the end that this protection
may be assured United States papers of
naturalization , issued by courts -of compe
tent jurisdiction , must be respected ly the
executive and legislative departments of our
own government , and by all foreign
It is an imperative duty of this
government to efficiently protect all
the rights of persons and property
of every American citizen in foreign lands
and demand and enforce full xeparationtor
any evasion thereof.
An American citizen is only re
sponsible to his own government for
any act done in his own country , oruu
der her flag , and can only be tried therefor
on her own soil and according to her laws ,
and no power exists in this government to
expatriate an American citizen to be tried
in any foreign land for any such act.
This country has never had a well defined
and executed foreign policy , save under
democratic administration ; that policy has
ever beenin regard to foreign nations , so long
as they do no'c act detrimental to the inter
ests of the country or hurtful to our citizens ,
to let them alone ; that as the-result of this
policy we recall the acquisition of Louisiana ,
Florida , California , and of the adjacent
Mexican territory by purchasa alone ; and
contrast these grand acquisitions of demo
cratic statesmanfhip witn the purchase of
Alaska , the sole fruit of a republican ad
ministration of nearly a quarter of a cent
ury.The federal government should care for
and improve the Mississippi river and other
great waterways of the republic , so as to
secure for the interior states easy and cheap
transportation tJ tidewater.
Under a long period of democratic rule
and policy our merchant marine was fasc
overtaking , land on the point of outstripping ,
that of Great Britain.
Under twenty ye rs of republican rule and
policy , our commerce has been left to
Britisl . bottoms , and almost has the Ameri
can flag been swept off the high seas.
Instead of the republican party's British
policy we demand for the people of the
United States an American policy.
Under democratic rule and policy , our
merchants and sailors , lying the stars and
stripes in every port , successfully searched
out a market for the varied products of
Under a quarter century of republican
rule and policy , despite our manifest ad
vantage over all otuer nations in iiga-paid
labor , favorable climates and teeming soils ;
despite freedom of trade among all these
United States ; despite their population by
the foremost races of men and an annual
immigration of the young , thrifty and ad
venturous of all nations ; despite our free
dom here from the inherited burdens of life
and industry in old-world monarchies
tbeir costly war navies , their vast tax-con
suming , non-producing standing armies ;
despite twenty years of peace the republi
can rule and policy have managed to sur
render to Great Britain [ , along with our
commerce , the control of the markets of the
Instead of the republican party's British
policy , we demand in behalf of the Ameri
can democracy an American policy.
Instead of tbe republican party's dis "
credited scheme and false pretense of
friendship for American abor , expressed
by imposing taxes , we demand in bebalf of
the democracy , freedom for American labor
byTtduclng taxes , to the tnd that these
United States may compete with unhindered
powers for the primocy among nations in
all the arts of peace und fruits of liberty.
With profound regret we have been ap
prised by the venerable statesman , through
whose person was struck that blow at the
vital principle of republics ( acquiescence in
the will of the majority ) , that he cannot
Eermit us again to place in his hands the
jadership of the democratic hosts , for the
reason that the achievement of reform in
the administration of the federal govern
ment is an undertaking now too heavy for
his age and failing strength. "
Rejoicing that his life has been prolonged
until tbe general Judgment of our feilow
countrymen is united in the wish that that
wrong were righted in his person , for the
democracy of the United States , we offer
him in his wihdrawal from public cares ,
not only our respectul sympathy and
esteem , but also our De-it homage.
Witn this statement of the hopes , princi
ples and purposes of the democratic party ,
tbe great issue of reform and change in ad
ministration is submitted-to the people in
calm confidence that the popular voice will
pronounce in favor of new men , and new
and more favorable conditions for the
growth of Industry , the extension of trade ,
the employment and due reward of labor
and capital , and the general welfare of the
THE RECORD MADE UP.
What Was Accomplished by the National
Body Which Has Recently
The first session of the forty-eighth
congress adjourned on the 7th. It has extended -
tended over a period , of seven months and
four days , although the actual worklngtime
will not exceed 1G5 days. In that time there
have been introduced in the senate , 2,367
bills and 97 Joint resolutions , in the house ,
7,507 bills and 234 resolutions.
Of these slxty-slxsenate bills and ten sen
ate resolutions have passed both houses and
became laws by executive approbation , and
sixty-two house bills and thirty-two house
resolutions have become laws in the same
manner. Three house bllld also became
laws without action by the president , and
one was returned to the house with his veto.
Of the measures introduced in the senate
368 bills and 17 Joint resolutions were inde
finitely postponed and six bills laid upon the
In the house fourteen bills and three Joint
resolutions were postponed indefinitely.
A'majo'rity of the measures introduced in
both houses related to matters not of general
importance , such as bills for private relief
and pensions , erection of public buildings ,
bridging rivers and other improvements ,
only of local interest. '
The following measures passed both
houses and were signed by the president in
addition to regular annual ) appropriation
bills and river and harbor hills.
Bills to reduce rate postage on newspa
pers and other periodical publications second
end class when sent by others than publish-
ere , or newsprpers to 1 cent for each four
To provide civil government for Alaska.
To extend duration of court of commis
sioners to Alabama claims until December ,
1885.To prevent and punish counterfeiting in
the United States of bonds or other securi
ties of foreign governments.
To grant fifteen days leave of absence ,
with pay , each year to letter carriers.
To authorize the secretary of war to offer
a reward of $25,003 for the rescue of the
Greely Arctic exploring party.
To establish a bureau of labor statistics.
To make all public roads and highways
To authorize legislatures of Illinois , Ar
kansas , Louisiana and Tennessee to sell or
lease certain land appropriated for school
To remove certain burdens from Ameri
can merchants marine.
To establish a bureau of animal industry
and prevent the exportation of diseased cat
tle and provide forthe extirpation of pleuro-
pneumonia and other contagious diseases
among domestic animals.
To make it felony for any person to ner-
senate any officer or employe of the United
States , acting under authority of the United
States or any department thereof.
To repeal the test oath act of 1862.
To authorize the fitting out of an expedi
tion for the relief of Lieut. Greely and part ?
in the arctic seas.
To limit the time in which prosecutions
may be begun against persons for violation
of internal revenue laws to three years.
To relieve from the charge of desertion
certain soldiers of the late war who , after
having served faithfully until the close of
the war , left their commands without leave.
To provide in states west of the Mississip
pi river a branch home for volunteer sol
diers of the late war , and for soldiers of the ,
Mexican war and war of 1812 , whose dis
abilities were not incurred in service against '
the United States. . ,
To provide for the disposal of abandoned
military reservations ,
To recognize a corps of judge advocates of
-To establish a bureau of navigation in the
The following measures have been incor
porated in the regular appropriation bills
and become laws :
To appoint a commission to visit the sev
eral countries of Central and South Ameri
ca to collect Information as to the best mode
of securing more intimate international and
commercial relations between those coun
tries and the United States.
To provide that hereafter all estimates of
appropriations and estimatesjof deficiencies
in the appropriations intended for consid
eration of congress shall be transmitted to
congress through the secretary of the treas
ury , and in no other manner.
To provide that the number of deputy
collectors of the internal revenue , guagers ,
store-keepers and clerks employed in the
internal revenue service shall not be in
To create a board of pension appeals to be
appointed by the secretary of the interior.
To provide for the appointment of a scien
tific commision which may , in the name of
the United States government , conduct a
national conference of electricians in Phila
delphia in the autumn of 1884.
To authorize the president in case of
threatened or actual epidemic , to use the
unexpended balance of appropriation not to
exceed $100,000 in aid of tbe state and local
boards or otherwise in his discretion , in
preventing and suppressing the spread of
the same and maintaining quarantine at
points of danger. -
To admit to the government hospital for
Insane inmates of the soldier's home who
are now or may hereafter become insane.
To provide it shall not be lawful for the
head of any executive department or any
bureau , branch or office or the government
to cause to be printed , nor for the public
printer to print , any document or matter
of any character whatever , except that
which is authorized by law and necessary to
administer the public business , nor for any
bureau officer to embrace in his annual or
other report to be printed any matter not
directly pertaining to the duties of his office
as prescribed by law.
To provide for the appointment of a Mis
souri river commission with powers and
duties similar to those of the Mississippi
To appropriate $3,750,000 to pay rebate
tax on tobacco.
Does Murder Out ?
It is the declaration of a Chicago de
tective locally famous , that no more
khan , one murder in ten ever comes out.
"Think over the recent known cases , "
lie says. " .Can you recall one in which
the life wasn't taken with shot or
blade ? " In other words , the means of
killing were such that there could not
possibly be any concealment of the
3rime itself , though the criminal might [
escape. He held that to prove beyond ;
loubt that the commonest form of pre
meditated murder by poisoning is
practiced _ to a dreadful extent without
detection. About the only murders
that do come out , he thinks , are those ;
sudden , unplanned ones that arise
from passion. "It may not be a pleas
ant thing to think of , " he remarks ,
"but it can't be denied that any cool ,
intelligent person can murder a mem
ber of nis family by using a poison that
loesn't produce violent symptoms , and
run very slight risk of being caught-at
it. It is my firm conviction that only a
small percentage of the murders are'
iistinguished from ordinary deaths. "
Sweet the hour of Hope-born pfeasure
In the halls of Beauty bright ,
When no thought hath time to measure ,
Half its vision of delight ;
And the heart is all a-blessing ,
And each fancy is a star ,
While we long for the caressing ,
Of.the coming Joys afar. - . -
On the brow'are wreaths of roses , . . . T-
Fresh and dewy from the dale ;
Ah ! what innocence reposes ,
In her heart as in the vale.
Sleeps the morning in its brightness ,
Glad the hour when pqre thoughts rise-
Full of Joy and airy lightness
Full'of soulful melodies.
Happy hour and happy waking-
Could we hence more purely live !
While above each lirow , were breaking
Dewy stars that fragrance give 1
Many mourn their meed of Joy-
Life to them is a barren isle-
All their pleasures , grief's alloy ,
And sad the hour when they smile !
What is Time to hearts of sorrow ? '
It liut hides itself in flowers I
Let us charge no grief to-morrow
On the Altar of .the Hours !
What is Life , when wreathed with Beauty ?
'Tis a bubbling Fount of Joy !
And we hail each coming duty ,
Thanking Heaven for such employ.
Shadowy shapes of strangest power
Steal away our faulting breath ;
Hope bids be bold , and brave the hour ,
Face forboding fear and death.
Soon speed sweet' ' angels to our side ,
Beaming bright as morning sun ;
Robed in rich raiment , like a bride.
Hope and Death are joined in one.
[ Luther G. Rlggs in Chicago Sun.
Your Own Sister and Someone Else's
Many young men. are always very
ready to accept invitations to other
people's home circles. They are very
much more attentive to other people's
sisters than their own. A young man
should be found in his home , and spend
sufficient time there for his influence to
tell upon the family and for him to cul
tivate manly dispositions that will be a
blessing to him in years to come.
Many young men are like crows ;
they come back to their nest to roost ,
and at the dawn , of day they haste to
other fislds. Young men , don't waste
your strength and your influence and
your brains in somebody's company
when you ought to be in your family
circle , in the nouse of your father and
mother. I think it is a duty and obli
gation that you should be attentive to
the requirements and needs of your
sisters. Why not sometimes take your
sister out ? take her for a walk ? Why
not sometimes take her to a concert ?
Why not sometimes bring home pres
ents and give them to her ? Why , when
you come home , should you be sullen ,
and silent and morose , as though some
body had been treading on your corns
all day ? Why not come home and tell
those who have been shut up all day
some of the incidents that have hap
pened during- the day , and be bright ,
'and merry and cheerful , and so con
tribute your share to the family joy ,
and you will have it all back again in
A Way to Grow Wise.
After reading a book , or an article ,
or an item of information from any re
liable source , before turning your at
tention to other things , give two or
three minutes quiet thought to the sub
ject that has just been presented to
your mind ; see how much you can re
member concerning it ; and if there
were any new ideas , instructive facts ,
or points of especial interest that im
pressed you as you read , force your
self to recall them. It may be a little
troublesome at first until your mind
gets under control and learns to obe
your will , but the very effort to thin ]
it all out will engrave the facts deeplw
upon the memory , so deeply that they
will not be effaced by the rushing in of
a new and different set of ideas ;
whereas , if the matter be given no
further consideration at all , the im
pressions you have received will fade
away so entirely that within a few
weeks you will be totally unable to re
member more than a dim outline of
Form the good habit , then , of al
ways reviewing what has just been
read. It exercises and disciplines the
mental faculties , strengthens 1he ; mem
ory , and teaches concentration of
You will soon learn , in this way , to
think and reason intelligently , to sepa
rate and classify different kinds of in
formation ; and in time the mind , in
stead of being a lumber room in
which the various contents are thrown
together in careless confusion and dis
order , will become a store-house where
each special class or item of knowl
edge , neatly labeled , has its own par
ticular place and is ready for use the
instant there is need of it.
Bill Arp on Life Partners.
I sat in my piazza ruminating over
the scene and I wondered that there
svere as many happy matings as there
seem to be. Partners for life ought to
be congenial and harmonious in so
many things. When men make a part
nership in business they can't get
along well if they are unlike in dispo
sition or in moral principle or in busi-
aess ways and habits. They can dis
solve and separate at pleasure and try
mother man. A man and his wife
aught to be alike in most everything ,
t is said that iolks like their opposite ,
heir counterparts , and so they do in
some respects. A man with blue eyes
joes mighty nigh distracted "over a wo
man with hazel eyes. I did , and I'm
distracted yet whenever I look into
hem. But in mental qualities and
emotional qualities , and tastes and
iabits and principles and the like they
jught to class'together. ' Indeed , it is
setter for them to have the same poli-
ics and the same religion. And so I
lave observed that the happiest unions ,
is a general thing , are those where the
ligh contracting parties have known
jach other for a long time , and have
issimilated from their youth in thought
M. A. SPALDING ,
AGENT FOR THE
Sold Low for cash , or on easy payments or
rented until the rent pays for the organ.
M. A. SPALDING , Agent ,
McCOOK , - NEBRASKA.
Kanch on Red Willow , Thornburg , Hayes
branded ' 'J. M. ' '
County , Neb. Cattle on
leftside. Young cattle branded same as
above , also "J. " on left jaw. Under-slope
right ear. Horses branded "E" on left
FOB SALE. My range of 1,000 acres of
deeded land in one body , including the
Black and Byfield hay lands ; timber and
water with two good farm houses and other
improvements. Convenient to ! N"o. 1 school
privileges. Situated in. the Republican vaU
fey west Red Willow creek. Call on or
address J. F. BLACK ,
Indianola , Neb.
W. J. WILSON.
Stock brand circle on left shoulder ; also
dewlap and a crop and under half crop on
left ear , and a crop and under bit in the
right. Ranch on the Republican. Post-
office , Max , Dundy county , Nebraska.
HENRY T. CHURCH.
Osborn , Neb. Range : Red Willow creek ,
in southwest corner of Frontier county , cat
tle branded " 0 L 0 * ' on right side. Also ,
an over crop on right ear and under crop on
left. Horses branded " 8" on right shoulder.
SPRING CREEK CATTLE CO.
Indianola , Neb. Range : Republican Val
ley , east of Dry Creek , and near head of
Spring Creek , in Chase county ,
J. D. WELBORX ,
Vice President and Superintendent.
McCook , Neb. , range ; Red Willow creek ,
in southwest corner of Frontier county. Also
E. P. brand on right hip and side and swal
low-fork in right ear. Horses branded E. P.
on right hip. A few branded ' 'A' ' on right
J B. MESERVE.
Ranch , Spring Canyon on the Frenchman
River , in Chase county , Neb. Stock branded
as above ; also " 717" on left side ; " 7" on
risht hip and "L. " on right shoulder ;
"L."on left shoulder and "X. " on left
jaw. Half under-crop left ear , and sauare-
crop right ear.
C. D. PHELPS.
Range : Republican Valley , four miles
west of Culbertson , south side of Republi
can. Stock branded " 161" and " 7-L. "
P. 0. Address , Culbertson , Neb.
THE TURNIP BRAND.
Ranch 2 miles north of McCook. Stock
branded on left hip , and a few double cross
es on left side. C. D. ERCANBRACK.
STOKES & TR01U
P. O. Address , Carrico , Hayes county ,
Nebraska. Range , Red Willow , above Car
rico. Stock branded as above. Also run the
GEORGE J. FREDERICK.
Ranch4 miles southwest of McCook , on the
Driftwood. Stock branded "AJ" on the
left hip. P. O. address , McCook , Neb.
JOHN HATFIELD & SON.
McCook , Neb. , Ranch 4 miles southeast ,
on Republican river. Stock branded with
a bar and lazv eS on left hip
Ranch on Red Willow Creek , half mila
above O-born postoffice. Cattle branded on
right side ana hip above. 3.4
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