Newspaper Page Text
CLA1T0N ENTERPHISE CLAYTON. . NET7 MEXICO. ; Feminism in France. The prediction of the countess of 'Aberdeen made at the International Council of Women in Paris, that the French woman will be the first to obtain the vote upon any large scale may well have caused surprise among the British, German and American delegates. American writers upon "the woman question" have often fallen back upon two absurdities: the first, that Tacitus described the Ger mans whom the Romans fought as paying special deference to their women; the second, that "the French have no word for home." Add to this the misapprehensions of a five-weeks' tripper "Eeeing Paris by night" and a hasty observation on the Salic law and you have the genesis of an im pression of the position of women in France which is as prevalent as It is preposterous. The fact Is that Ta citus' observations would have ap plied quite as well to the Franks as to other early northern tribes; that the French get along very well with the word "home" so long as they have the thing; that French family life is at its best of almost ideal beauty, and that their sticking so long to the Salic law was one of the blunders of the Bourbons which does not In any case affect opinion of the republic. Since the revolution In France many tilings have changed. For one thing, the waste of men in war has famil iarized women with varied Industry and with the management of estates and business establishments as in perhaps , no other country. The Fench "family council" system re tains for a woman not only the re spect of her grown son, but evea a considerable measure of legal control over him long after English and American law would emancipate him. He canont even marry without his parents' consent. In a hundred ways, says the New Yorti World, France Is the . country of the married woman. That young girls are still carefully watched and secluded Is of minor im portance. The Bjstem works not bad ly. There may even be lands where daughters have too much freedom" and power for their own good and where mothers are too meek. The growth of "feminlsme" in France of recent years has been rapid. It compelled the institution of a divorce law, Woman suffrage is a cardinal tenet in socialism, which has nowhere more power in actual government than it has attained in France. In Russia, which is largely dominated by French bought, the douma has declared for :the woman's vote. American woman suffragists were for years divided into 'two bitter hostile factions on the ques tion whether to work with the public in the several states or to appeal di rect to congress. The French fem inist adopts the latter course with out hesitation. According to the countess of Aberdeen, she has com menced by trying, to convince the leg islator Instead of the public. It Is a method well adapted to France, where abstract Ideas have always had 8 fascination for public men. t' The "Silence Cure." ' some noDie ana aeep ininwng pny siclan has discovered what he calls the "silence cure" for all diseases ot the nerves. To apply the cure, "all 1 that Is necessary Is for the woman 'to Bit apart for an hour each day, in absolute silence. Husbands who have been able to try this cure report great benefit, but, of course, it is very hard iupon the ladles.. Only the self-sacrificing devotion of a wife, who places her husband's welfare above everything .would be capable of carrying out the terms of this cure, and it is an ordeal that cannot but be injurious to them if persisted in. So far, there have Ibeen no explosions, but suppressed ! conversation Is very dangerous, and at any time we may-expect to hear of such an accident, wrecking the (home and maiming the family. Whilst (the "silence cure" Is undoubtedly of 'benefit to the patient, says the St Louis Globe-Democrat, it is attended ;wlth such grave menaces that It is idoubtful if It ever become popular. Our native chivalry would cause ui jto refuse to take advantage of it 'We would prefer to go on having out nerves frazzled, rather' than have our devoted wives and mothers make this heroic sacrifice. And, after all, there lare other means, answering the same end, and safer. There Is the "vaca tion cure." A man takes the "vaca tion cure" by sending her home to see her folks. It Is expensive, but safe. And It does not entail suffer ,lng upon the part of his devoted helpmeet REMEDIES FOR CHINCH BUG Fighting This Pest by Disease Inoc ulation Has Not Proved Suc cessful. Spreading chinch-bug disease has not proved very successful in Okla homa. At one time it was thought that perhaps by the spreading of an infection that this pest could be 'suc cessfully eradicated, but experience has proved that warm, moist weather is necessary for the spread of the disease. On the other hand, cool dry weather is unfavorable and no Infect-on occurs. The authorities at the Oklahoma station point out that there are four means by which the 'farmer can protect himself from the chinch bug. These are given in the follow ing: - 1. Destroy, during the winter or early spring, all the winter quarters THE CHINCH BUG. Adult at left; a, b, eggs magnified and natural size; c, young nymph; e, sec ond atage of nymph; f, third stage; g, full-grown nymph; d, h, J, legs; I, beak, through which food is taken. Small lines show natural size. of the bugs, together with the bugs themselves, by deep plowing. Chinch bugs fly In the fall to bunch-grass, their natural food before crops were Introduced, to pass the winter. Not finding the grass, they will hibernate in any shelter that may be at hand. During April they fly back to the crops to mate and deposit their eggs. Generally the wheat Is- in prime con dition for them at this time, and it' is the crop that suffers most when the eggs hatch and the young bugs begin to feed. Of course the great est damage is done later when the broods become very numerous and begin to migrate to new fields. The crop moved upon at that time is the one to save. 2. Plant a "trap crop" to protect the main crop, and when the bugs move upon the trap, plow the whole under, bugs and all. This method ha3 given good results. The trap crop may be millet, Kafir, or 6orghura, and should be on the side of the field nearest to the wheat. 3. Plow a space of ten feet around the cornfield when the bugs begin to leave the wheat, harrow and "drag with brush to make as much dust as possible. This can be done only in dry weather. Small, Immature bugs will not be able to cross the ten feet of dust, and the mature ones will seldom resort to flying. 4. Later in the season, when the insects move upon the corn, a few rows cut and piled In armful-eized piles will attract the chinch bugs, and if it Is warm and the corn heats, thousands of bugs will die under these piles from a chinch-bug disease. The piles of green corn offer the ideal weather conditions, hot and damp, the disease being naturally present soon "takes," and the result is the death of all bugs affected. Do not attempt to destroy the chinch bug by spraying. It has been tried at the experiment station and by numerous farmers, with the same udsuccessful results. A few more tests will be made with sprays, and the results given if successful. But until then the farmer has adequate means at hand to materially lessen the damages by this pest, by using the above methods. To repeat: By all means plant a trap crop and plow it under when the bugs move upon it 'in great num bers. Plow a dust strip and lay piles of green cut corn or sorghum In the path of the migrating bugs. Then finally, . begin next winter to save your wheat crop, by cleaning up all places where chinch bugs could hide tway and pass the winter months. Oat Hay for Roughage. At times when the hay crop short, oats may be grown and har vested before the grain Is mature and cured for coarse fodder. The plan, however, is not an Ideal one for mak ing hay, as the stalks are hollow. coarse and hard, and unless dried very quickly in a dry season, they be come bleached, even when cut green. To cure the crop in best condition It, says Orange Judd Farmer, should be dried In the sun for a few hours with a liberal use of the hay tedder, where there ia a heavy crop. k J3 E SOIL MOISTURE. To Prevent Evaporation the Surface of the Ground Must Be Kept Powdered. There are still many persons" who not exactly understand that It la do good practice to plow corn during dry weather in order to preserve the moisture already in the soil. I have mind a field of corn that was free weeds, and the ground in such fine condition that I was told the corn did not need, nor would it stand, more plowing. But I went ahead and plowed half the field for the last time. a few weeks I was in the field again and noticed that the corn plowed in dry weather had made de cidedly the best growth. I could not lay the cai6e to anything else than that the' Stirling of the ground had assisted in reserving the moisture, for tne ground was already in good con dition when plowed the last time. 5?r ther Investigation has proved thia to be the fact. I believe that wrone Imnressions are sometimes obtained by some persons who have plowed corn in dry weather When thft irronnH Van hat-H and ovl. denfly had a bad effect on the corn, causing the blades to roll. The mis take was in permitting the ground to get hard, as under such condition the ground cannot be worked without in- ury to the roots of the corn. Besides this the clods leave openings which facilitate the evanoratlon of moisture. A good coat of fine dirt over the sur face of the ground will prevent thl3. it is well known that water is con stantly evaporating. In other words, it is taken ud in a finely divided form. carried to the surface of the ground and given off into the air. At times it may be well that this Is true, for It gives the plant a chance of relief from an occasional oversupply of moisture. But in case of droueht it is necessary to prevent evaporation. This can be done by stirrlnsr the ground, leaving a mulch of finely pul verized dirt on the surface. Then the moisture, instead of escaping, is taken up by the rools of the growing plant to secure this condition it is neces sary that the ground be stirred as soon after a rain as the ground will permit. If, says the Orange Judd Farmer, a heavy rain comes rlcht away 'after the corn has been plowed tne last time, it will be necessary, in tne event of a dry spell followine. to stir the ground again if the size of the corn will permit. If the corn is large enough to shade tho ground pretty well, the evaporation will not be so great, and the heavy dews will also be more effective. In preparinz ground for onts. or other plants with shallow roots, the ground should not be stirred too deep If dry weather is exDected. as the moisture will be shut off too far down to be, of benefit. THREE-HORSE EVENER. Handy Arrangement for Use on the Plow, Harrow and Other Farm Tools, The accompanying cut which was used a number of year3 ago, shows a three-horse evener which has sever al advantages over the triple trees for plowing, harrowing, tic. It is lighter and handles better in turning. The short evener is made of Iron and is about 14 inches long, 1 Inches vide ANOTHER THREE-HORSE EVENER. and five-eighths Inches thick. Two flve-eighths-inch holes are bored in either end, 12 Inches from center". An other five-eighths Inch hole Is bored a third of the distance between tho two, or four inches from the other, These holes should be bored so as to give the greatest drawing surface on the side of draft. A long evener is fastened at the lower end with whiffle trees for the outside horses, and a singletree fastens to the upper hole for the center horse. The hook or clevis used for the attachment of the single-tree should be long enough to bring it out In line with the whiffie- trees on the evener below. The whif- fie-trees should be of ordinary plow length or Just long enough to swing clear of each other. If they are too long they are sure to prove trouble some. Sheep Help the Land Sheep are almost essential in main taining the fertility and cleanliness of the land. It Is claimed that sheep re turns to the soil more ot the fertilizing matter of Its food than any other onl mal and in a majority of cases' this fact alone Is no unimportant consid eration in deciding the class of animals to stock up with to maintain the fertil lty of the soil. IIEW LIElMlEWTSULKlRy The Estancla Public Service Com pany has tiled Incorporation papers. The ranital is IC.000 and the company will drill for artesian water. The head quarters are EBtancia, Torrance county. "Forty of the Indian girls at the U. S. Indian Training School are iri camp located about three miles above Monu ment Rock in the Santa Fe Cunon. Mrs. Sara Jeffries, the matron at the school, fs in charge of the camp. The girls are having a fine time," says the New Mexican. Lieutenant Baca and R. C. Huber of the mounted police on the 7th Inst., ar rested Inez Montes, three miles from Estancla, for stealing sheep. His bpnd was fixed at $1,000, but being unable to furnish this he was brought from the Jail of Estancla to the penitentiary for safe keeping. The fine new 125.000 Y. M. C. A. building at Las Vegas, the first in New Mexico, was formally dedicated 'l nurs dav nleht bv Chief Solicitor Gardiner Lathrop of the Santa Fe Company. The building was erected and equipped by citizens, but the Santa Fe pays the secretary's salary. Governor Hagerman has received word from the Department of Agricul ture that $4,700, ten per cent, of the proceeds of the forest reserves in New Mexico for the last fiscal year, is ready for distribution In the counties In which the reserves are situated. The money is to be used for schools and roads. Governor Hagerman has donated a silver cup to be known as the Hager man cup and to go to that team of five men in the National Guard which in a competition shoot at Las Vegas, Au gust 22d, will secure the highest aver age, the winning team also to go to the national match at Seagirt, New Jersey, this year. Mrs. William C. Marney, July 7th", re signed as matron at the Territorial Penitentiary, hers being the fifth resig nation or removal from among the pen itentiary officials within a week. Dep uty United States Marshal C. E. New comer of Albuquerque was appointed clerk of the penitentiary, to succeed W. D. Newcomb, resigned. The county commissioners of Santa Fe county appointed J. L. Kendall and F. A. Yoakum of Cerrillos, Ramon Tru jillo of Pojoaque, Jose A. Anaya of Ga- llsteo, Higlnto Martinez, Anastaclo Gonzales, Cristobal Rivera, Matlas Martinez, Ramon Armljo and Faustan Garcia of Santa Fe, delegates to the New Mexico Stock Growers' conven tion at Albuquerque this fall. R. L. Tannery, who viciously as- faulted F. C. Allen, president and man ager of the Albuquerque Pressed Brick and Tile Company, had a preliminary hearing and by agreement of counsel the charge of attempt to U11 was with drawn and be was fined for assault find battery. Tannery had taken the part of a discharged employe, and when Allen interfered Tannery com mitted the assault. A Las Vegas dispatch says: Jus tice Domiciano Otero and Special Santa Fe Officer H. B. Peeler resigned in a hurry Saturday at the request of Mayor Romero. Peeler confessed to arresting two boys on a trumped-up charge and to dividing the money with Justice Otero, before whom the boys were brought to trial. No record of any trial was entered on the tlcketi, Prosecution will probably follow. At Duran, on the Rock Island road, a most disastrous hailstorm has oc curred and thousands of sheep were Jiilled. Jacobo Yrisarri lost 1,200 out of one band, the McGilllvray Bros, lost COO, and many other growers were heavy losers. In the path of the storm the next morning the Estancla plains were literally covered with dead sheep, and it is Knoyn that several herders lost their lives In trying to get their bands to shelter. Superintendent Knelpp of the Pecos and Jemez forest reserves, on the 9th Inst, transferred Ranger L. J. Mundell from Calllnas to Canjiles, L. A. Schartzer, from Sonorito to Galllnas, and A. J. Abbott, from Bland to So nora. Owing to resignations there are three vacancies in the ranger force. Cabins are being built on both .re serves for the rangers by the govern ment, and land is being fenced for range for the horses of the rangers. Says the Las Vegas Optic: During the f.rst five days In the month ot July there has been 2.37 inches ot rainfall and the storm does not seem to be over yet. Last night there was .18 of an inch rainfall. . In June there were 2.30 Inches of rain or 5.17 Inches In the past thirty-five days. Frogs are al ready singing and croaking in the va cant lot 8 and citizens state-that it will probably not be long until turtles will be sunning themselves on the sli3 walks. Santa Fe during June had only one-halt an Inch ot rain. A Santa Fe dispatch of the 9th Inst, says: The New Mexico mounted po lice made several arrests to-day. Ser geant Lewis arrested Juan Lopes In the Mogollon mountains near Alma. He Is wanted at Prescott, Arizona, for murder. He also arrested George San ders, wanted for' horse stealing In Yavapai county, Arizona. Sergeant Lewis reported that Navajo Indians have been .carrying on depredations on the cattle ranges In southeastern So corro county and alone the Aztec bor der. Baca arrested Jfmado Barela In this city, accused of letting fire to a bouse at Wlllard. Fatal Shooting at Clayton. The Denver Republican of July uti prints the following account of th fatal shooting affair at Clayton on the 13th Inst, as telegraphed by lta special correspondent: After having attempted to kill oue man and then shooting another He.t in his tracks, L. D. Boitoii, a real es tate agent, was to-day threatened with lynching and his 'life was saved twice by local officers. The mob, after being thwarted here, started across the couu. . try to intercept Officer Brophy, who had spirited Bolton out of town, but Brophy beard of the move, flagged e Colorado & Southern train and board ing It reached Trinidad and placed Bol ton in Jail there. ' About noon to-day L. D. Bolton, real estate man, shot and killed Carl Gilg a well-known ranchman. It is known that Bolton had trouble with a young man named Hobaon, and that during an altercation in his office to-day hef attacked Hobson, but the latter fled. Bolton, revolver in hand, pursued Hobson into the street and fired at. him, but failed to hit htm. Carl Gilg, who had witnessed the af fray, tried to Induce Bolton to abandon his pursuit of Hobson and sought an explanation of the trouble from Bolton, Bolton, who was frantic with rage, turned on Gilg and, without a word of warning, shot him dead In his tracks. A crowd quickly gathered and Bolton ran into his office,- passed out of the back door and headed for the Jail, the crowd pursuing 'him. Bolton met officers and they ar rested and locked him up. The news of the murder unread quickly and a mob soon formed near the Jail and prepared to hang Bolton. Officer John Brophy of the mountec police, heard of the mob's plan and quickly repaired to the Jail, where he managed to spirit Bolton out Giving him a horse, Brophy started for Trin idad. As soon as the mob learned that. Bolton was gone . a large parly nl mounted men started across the coun try to intercept him. Officer Brophy saw the cloud of dust raised by the would-be lynchers mid at the same lime saw a northbound trail in the distance. He rode to the rail road, flagged the train and was taker! aboard while his pursuers were half a mile away. A telegram from Trinidad states that he reached there safely with Bolton. The Roswell Artesian Area. A study of the 'Roswell artesian area in New Mexico has rectntly been made by Mr. Cassius A. Fisher of the United States Geological Survey. His report, which Is now in preHB, Includes a brief description of the geology of the sedimentary rocks, their structure and their relation to the underground waters.- The area of flowing wells ts ' shown on a ni8p, and recordH of repre sentative wells are given, which are in tended to illustrate the character and succession of the water-bearing beds. Information respecting surface waters available for domestic and Irrigation purposes and a brief description of the climatic and agricultural features' ot the region are also given. There are several artesian horizons in the formations underlying the Ros well basin. This basin Is about sixty miles long and has an average width of eleven miles. The greater part oV It lies along the west side of Pecos river. . ' T Flowing wells wf re first obtained lnr' the Roswell basin about ten years ago, and for a number of years after that development was confined chiefly to. this Immediate vicinity. During the last two years, however, strong flows have been obtained near A r testa, and at present this part of the basin i re ceiving the greatest development. In formation of about 200 flowing wells has been obtained,, but it is. probable that the total number, at preserit' ex ceeds 250. About half of this number are found in Roswell and North Spring River valley, the extreme north end of the basin. In amount of flow the wells vary from a few gallons to 1,800 gallons a minute, differing princlaplly with the locality. At Roswell the flow of an average well has been variously esti mated at 500 to 70u gallons, while near Artesla the highest flow recorded exceeds 1,700 gallons. The water is used chiefly for irrigation and domes tic purposes. In a few cases, how ever, ine presence or suipnur renders,, it unfit for house hold use. This report will be published as Wa ter Supply and Irrigation Paper No. 158. Roswell Gambling Houses Close. Last Saturday night, says a Roswell aiapatcn, every gambling hoiihs in tnis city closed, to remain closed, with the exception of two, where the license does not expire until later. ome of the gamblers have already left the city and the remainder are making prepar ations to seek new fields. Since the closing of the gambling resortB they, have spent their time standing about the streets talking it ovr. The license oi the roulette wheel In the Elk saloon does not expire until July 14th, and. that on another in the Free Coinage holds until July 18th, and these are still running. Roswell now has only six sa loons, Instead of thirteen or fourteen,, as was the case before the $2,000 li cense ordinance was enacted.' Thej town has a population of between 6.000k o ri, ,7 (inn X- .J 1 1 . 1 .. 1 ... 1 ..a- ... ' m -i,vvv; iiv HUW1VIUU4M y" J be opened until the town has 14.0,00; people 2,000 for each saloon, aa pro vided by ordinance. Several saloon, men and gamblers have engaged 'In, other lines of business. Meantime, nothlna mora la beard about tho DetU-.