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RELIC OF SLAVERY DAYS.
Tis Key to John Brown's Cell Is Charlestown Jail Owned by New York Man. Curious things are coming to .light every day. Among many Interesting relics or the civil war is a huge iron key more than a foot long, which turned in the lock and made old John Brown a prisoner in Carlestown jail at the time of his great raid in Virginia and call (or the negroes to rise and tight, lcr freedom. j This key is now in the hands of Dr, Alfred B. Tucker, of New York, and it played a vital part in the history of events leading up to the civil war. when Gen. " McClellan marched through Charlestown after trie battle of Antletam his troops burned the his itorlc old Jail, whence John Brown went to the callows. Later, when the ashes cooled and boys began Joking among the ruins, the quaint key was (found almost unharmed, the Are hav ing bnly twisted the- handle a little, which was easily restored to its prop er shape. In this connection it may be inter esting to state a few facts about John Brown that are not generally known. After his career in Kansas, where he received the mime oT "Osawatcmle Erown," the old revolutionist, with a fervor amounting to what he consid ered religion, resolved to begin work in a practical way of freeing . the slaves. ' Ke went about his task dellterately 'and w.th quiet preparation. To the negroes he was known as "Capt. Brown," He began his campaign by nettling In' Charlestown, Va now West Virginia, and not fav from Harper's Ferry. He opened a shop, over which hung the sign, "J. Brown, Watchmaker."- Here he ostensibly pursued versy, followed by the ec'.lon of Abraham Lincoln, the seceding of Ui southern 6tates, and finally -the great est civil war ever known, with the emancipation of 4,000,000 of slaves. Charles'.own is situated on the main road, the grand highway runuing from Harper's Ferry down the alley of the Shenandoah to Winchester and other points In that glorious val.ey. A more beautiful pan of the country is not t be found.. The soli is extra jrdlnarlly fertile, the climate like that of Italy, the landscapes as rolling and wooded as the finest part of England, while lovely blue mountains stretch away on either side of the valley. The people are most hospitable, and it is here, in a region of enchantment almost, that the old Washington man sions were erected, and for years were the 3cene3 of festivities and peaceful, happy life. Here the best families of Europe, and even members of royalty, came on their visits to the colonies be fore the revolution. A IN I nit, fUBLiU vYii, f MR. BAILEY OF TEXAS BOSTON COREETT IN LIFE. Old Likeness of a Striking Character ; Who Played His Part in. v Civil War. Mr. Kenry Barclay, of Jefferson, la., has sent the National Tribune a photo graph of Boston Cortett, which the The typical gentleman from "Texas would be expelled to put small restraint upon himself when occasion seemed to call for strong lan-( guage, but in Senator Bailey, Jn many ways typically Texan, we find a westerner whose thoughts are so strong he feels the only language that would fitly express them' would be of the kind absolutely impossible in the senate al though the ears of the senate walls .In their day have listened to words unpretty as well as pret ty. Senator Eailey's feelingshave been stirred to unmentionable .depths, by the man with the muck rake. , Concerning this man and others of his Ilk Mr. Bailey bears witness: "It Is a great tenlptation tor me to say what I think about theee reojle, but that, would offend U19. dignity and proprieties of the senate, and I forbear." Perhaps he would not have forborne had hi' been really a son of Texas but come to think It, does Mississippi raise milder men! Mr. Ballev began- to rail himself 11 Texan not until ne was u years 01 age. He was born in Copiah county, Mississippi, did not take up residence in the Lone Star State until his school days and prepara tory woik tor a professional career were, ended. He was admitted to the bai in 1883, two years later removed to Texas and at Gainesville began the prac tice of law. , From the first he took an active Interest in nolitics: in 1SS4 we find him a presidential elector,, in 18S S presidential elector at large. From 1831-1001 ne served as member or congress, the latter year took his place as Lnlted states senator. In reply to the muck raker's accusations. Mr. Ballev. with temperate Ian guage, made explanation; explanation that seemed of a reasonableness. H-i admitted that he charged clients fees, declared he had no patience with t;i4 mea mat 11 is oniy tne poor man that is honest. 1 THE OLD IRON KEY. bis calling like other business men of the plrce, only be spent his spare time Jn visiting the various negro quarters of the town and neighborhood urging them to organize and strike for free doms It seemed a hopeless task, not only absurd, but It was against the laws of the country. From Brown's standpoint, however, both he and bis friends considered the movement a complete success, for it roused the country, brought on contro- , BOSTON COREETT. latter presented to his father, Capt Henry Barclay, Immediately after the close of the war. The picture herewith given is reproduced from it Mr. Bar clay writes that he is confident that Boston Corbett Is not among the liv ing. A Lucky Mess. . In 1862, when company E, One fun dred and Twenty-seventh Illinois, was mustered into the service, Andrew Goldsberry, Robert Marsdcn, Eugene Fowler, Brainard Whee.er and Charles H. Beach formed a mess. They served through the entire VicksLurg cam paign, the Atlanta campaign, went with Sherman to the sea and finally were mustered out after the review at Washington at the elo.e of the war, the original mess remaining unchanged during the three years of service. To day all are living and in fair health.' The One Hundred and Twenty-seventh was In the First brigade, Eecond divi sion. Fifteenth corps. I think that this Is an almost exceptional record con sidering that in the Atlanta campaign they vere under fire 105 days. J. M, Beach, St. Joseph, Mo., In National Tribune. Tangled. A woman was telling her doctor the other day how she had nearly -been prostrated by the heat of "one of those amateur days we bad. I was frightfully overcome,", she said, "and not a thing did I have In the bouse to revive me but automatic spirits of pneumonia." A winner, that Tree Hard to Kill The "life tree" of Jamaica is hard er to kill than any other species of vegetable growth known. It contin ues to grow and thrive for months after being uprooted and exposed to the sun. Changing to Gold Coinage. tary system, and to do so we have to have large quantities of gold coin at once. It would require ten years of time to turn out all the gold coin we need, and business would be dlstrupt ed." Silver, the principal coin of the Mex ican government, will now te super seded by the gold coins, 5, 10 and 20 pesos, which are worth about $2.50, $6 and $10 respectively In United States gold coin, and by 10, 20 ami 50 centavo coins. The Philadelphia mint is now workl lg to coin 1,000,000 5-peso pieces. This means that $25,000,000 in gold la being turned into specie. ' ' '-T. Paper from Green Bushes. Very little paper Is now made from rags, a number of vegetable sub stances being employed In their place. The latest plants to be used are green rushes, which, when suitably treated, produce a very white and conslstert paper pulp, from which a good quality of paper can be manufactured cheaply. Silver Standard Is Passing In Mexico, 45ays Official Orders for United " States Mint. Denver, Col. Francisco Valdes, chief coiner of the Mexican govern ment, has been Investigating the work ings of the Denver mint, and is report ed to have made arrangements for the local mint to coin $10,000,000 worth of pesos for the Mexican governmeA The Philadelphia mint Is now working on an order for $25,000,000 worth of pesos. "The day of the silver standard Is passing," said Mr. Valdes. "Our silver peso U a thing of the past and the death blow to the contentions of Wil liam Jennings Bryan Is given with Its passing. Mexico was frequently point ed to by Mr. Bryan as the country which was .always- prosperous under a silver standard. We are1 placing orders for coining gold with the United States -and Great Britain because our mints have not the working capacity. We are making a radical change In our mone- SOCIALISM AND JUDGE GROSSCUP THE SCIENCE OF LIVJNG. Dr. George F. Butler Tells How Eat and How to Assimilate. to In this day of Increase in socialist ranks it is of Interest to hear what a mah of Judge GroHscup's authority may have to say on the subject of socialism.1 This the. Judgment: "A doubling back on the road alpng which the ract has come from the days-when no man had a hope of his own for an Individual part In the destiny of thins.." Socialism, then, Judge Giosj cup thinks, is a stepping backward. But lie nialtCB acknowl dgment of present Ills, and gives suggestion for dealing therewith; avers that what is needed is not prosecutions of corporations simply because they are big; "what Is wanted is the corporation, big and, lit tle, so rebuilt that In the vast domain of prop erty covered by It the people, who with their hands have worked, may hereafter see their way to participate." The Jurist does not think the- reforms are to be brought about by act of congress, but that state legislatures should "lay clean and firm In state law the foundations for the new corporation;" and then the people themselves be relied on to look after their Interests. . - ... Judge Grosscup resides In Chicago, since the beginning of the year ibVJ has been Judge United States circuit court of appeals, Seventh circuit. Among, nntahin iiirtinial npta in his career should be mentioned his opinion anent the anDllcatlon to close the World's Columbian exposition on 8undays; the In- . . . , . , t.i. T . . .1 llTllltnM A Wrutrl., ocralnof TTiiaonA junction issuea in conjunction wmi juu. ouuam n. 6'"i mBv.w, Debs and other officers of the American Hallway union. Judge Grosscup was born in Ohio, Is 54 years old, was graduated at Wit tenberg college, Ohio, and at the Boston Law School. AMERICAN PROFESSOR AT BERLIN it We have all heard mqre or less In the last; few months of the plan for the exchange of pro fessors in German and American universities, of this means i f strengthening the bonds uniting In friendliness Germany and the United States. In October of this year an American professor begins work at the University of Berlin, Prof. John W. Burgt-ss, Theodore Roosevelt professor of American history and institutions for 1906 07. In the Roosevelt room at the University of Berlin are to be placed three pictures, portraits of the men from this side the water most prom inently connected with the rtoosevelt professor ship: Theodore Roosevelt, Dr. Nicholas Murray But'r and Prof. John William Burgess. Prof. Butler is head of Columbia university, Prof. Burgess member of the faculty at Coluiu bla. Prof. Burgess, while not so widely knowif as President Butler, is a noted educator, since - 1890 has been dean, of the faculty of political - science at 'Columbia. He Is author of sevoral works: "Political Science and Comparative Constitutional Law;" "The .Middle Period;" "The Civil War and the Constitution;" "Reconstruction and the Constitution;" and has contributed to reviews on historical; political and 'legal topics. ! Dr. Burgess was born In the south, Is a native of Tennessee; attended Cumberland university, Lebanon, Tennessee; in 1867 was graduated from ; Amherst, received from that university the degrees of Ph. D. and LL. D. He studied law and In 1869 was admitted to the bar. ror two years Dr. Burgess was professor of English literature and poltlcal economy at Knox college: was professor of,hlstory and political science at Amherst, from Amherst weiit to uoiunioia as proiessor political science ami cuimuiuiniiim jaw. Dr. Burgess continued the study of history, public law and political 'science "at Gottingen, Leipzig and Berlin. He now goes to Germany as lec turer on American history and institutions. ' Dr. George F. Butler, me Ileal super intendent of the Alma Springs Sanl- ; tarium, Alma, Mich., in the October , number of "How to Live," gives some Interesting as fwell as sensible rules ' for acquiring and keeping health. He says: "Without we eat and drink, we die! The provocative to do both rests with the appetite, which, in process of time, becomes a very uncertain guide; for the palate will often Induce a desire and relish' for that which is most mischievous and Indigestible. The old saying of 'eat what you like' Is now shunned by everybody of 20 years' experience. Still, without appe-. tite, it is a very difficult affair to sub sist for the pleasure depends chiefly upon the relish. The relish may be come, as has' been stated, a vitiated bne, but it is quite possible to make the stomach, by a little forbearance and practice, as enamored of what Is wholesome and nutritious, as of that which Is hurtful and not concoctlble." Again he says: "The dolicate should feed carefully, not abundantly; it Is not quantity which nourishes, bitf only that which assimilates." ., "Be careful of your digestion" Is the keynote of the doctor's argument. He says: "Health In man, as In other . animals, depends upon the proper' per formance of all functions. These functions may be shortly said to be three: (1) tissue change; (2) re moval of waste; (3) supply of new. material. For the activity of man, like the heat of the fire by which . he cooks his food, is maintained by combustion; and Just as the fire may be prevented from burning brightly by improper disposition of the fuel. of Imperfect supply of air, and as It will certainly go out If fresh fuel ia not supplied, and may be choked by Its own ashes, so man's activity may be less,-"'i by Imperfect tissue change may j put an end to by an, in sufficient supply of new material and Imperfect removal of waste products. "We should see to it that free elim ination Is maintained, for the ashes must be kept out of the system In or der to have good health. The skin, kidneys and bowels must do their ellmlnatlve work properly. If the bowels occasionally become torpid, try to regulate them with exercise and proper food, such as fruits, green vegetables, salads, cereals, corn, wholo wheat or graham bread, fish, poultry, light soups, etc. Plenty of water Is also valuable, and a glasa full of cold or hot water the first thing upon ris ing In the morning will aid much In overcoming constipation. Regular habit, cold baths, and massage . are very efficacious. In case the consti pation does not yield to these hygi enic measures, some simple, harmless laxative may be required, such as Cali fornia Syrup of Figs a non-irritating preparation of senna in fig syrup.'1 Laxative mineral waters are bene ficial In some cases, but not to be em ployed continually. "Above all be an optimist, keep the heart young. Cultivate kindness, cheerfulness and love, and do not for get that we shall pass through this world but once Any' good, thin?, therefore, that we do, or any kind ness that we show to any human be ing, let us do it now. Let us not defer It or neglect It. for we shall not pass this way again." ACTRESS AND AUTHOR Clara Morris, the actress once so prominent In emotional roles, has of late years taken to writing. . Mies Morris says of her book, "Life on the Stage, It was calmly offered out of bound less courage and perfect ignorance; In her later "Life of a Star" the author has arrived at or affects, a diffidence come of experience in the literary field. Miss Morris In ber time has known a long procession of interesting people, chronicle and 'chronicler both Bdld one's attention. And note the list the sctress-author has put forth since taking her pen in nana: A Silent Singer;" "My Millie Jim crow; L.ne on tne stage, ."A Paste board Crown;' "btage Confidences;" "The Trouble Woman;" "Life of a Star." In addition, Miss Morris has contributed to numerous period icals; the Century, St. Nicholas, North American Review, etc. Her sketches have beeu svndlcatofi in the newspapers, and the star whu retired Into oDscurity, tne actress wno neid tht older gen eration entnrauea, -reappears to entertain a younger set as well as the elders who nave not forgotten her sway. - , 8he began her stage career as member of the ballet In the Academy of music at Dieveiana, unio, oaca in 61. me young gin advanced Tapldly, at th age of 20 was leading lady at Wood's theater, Cincinnati. The following year she became member of Daly's Fifth Avenue company. Miss Morris soon rose to prominence in theatrical roles, ana appeared as star In thij principal theaters or the country. Her prlnclpa' roles were Camilla. Allx Uls Mult on, Mercy Merrick in the "New Magdalu t," and Cora In "L'Artlcle." Wants International Observatory. . Prof. Edward C. Pickering, of th Harvard observatory, proposes to es tablish an International observatory. His committee Is to be composed of the eminent ostronomers of the world, who are to raise a sum of money, have a gigantic telescope built and placed on the most suitable spot on earth, and all to go to work. UTTERLY WORN OUT. Vitality Sapped by Tears of Suffering with Kidney Trouble. Capt J. W. Hognn, former postmrs ter of Indlanola, now living at Austin, Texas, writes- "'. was afflicted for years with pains across the loins and In the hips and shoulders. I had headache also and neuralgia. My right eye, from pain, was of little use to me for years. The 1 constant flow or urine kept my system depleted, causing nervous chills and night sweats. After trying seven dif ferent climates and using all kinds of medicines, I had the good fortune to hear of Doan's Kidney nils. This remedy has cured me. I am as well to day as I was twenty years ago, and my " eyesight Is perfect." ' Sold by all dealers. 60 cents a box. Foster-Mllburn Co.,Buffalo, N. Y. There's no need to hunt for trouble; ' t will And you Just as quick. Mr. Wlnalow'i Hootnin mjnp? ' PorcHldrea teeming, tofun the yume, timIucm to lifcausUui,ail)iui,cirMWI&4evUu. fecftfcolU. He never says anything' who never has anything to unsay, .. '; V. '' 1