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HAIRFALL OUT :U5T" DUI: 17-YEAR KB WESTERN MINING AND OIL o NEWS MOST MYSTERIOUS INSECT KNOWN TO SCIENTISTS WILL INVADE-LARGE PART .OF THE UNITED STATES. ra i 4 .,' (Prepared by the V. S. Department of Agriculture.) HE most interesting insect in the world, the periodical cicada, Is coins to be seen, perhaps m ' véry large numbers, during .the coming spring anu eariy oum- mer over large regions ol tne United States where this brood has not appeared before t f or 17 years, and over other regions where another brood appeared 13 years ago. This is the insect commonly referred to as the "17-year locust," name that is incorrect In at least two particulars. ' It Is not a locust at all, that name being properly applied only to members of the grasshopper family, and while it has a 17-year period, it also has a 13 year period. It has been so long miscalled by the name of locust, however, that there is no hope of divesting it of that Incorrect appellation, and in the regions where there is the longer period of recurrence It will continue to be known as the "17 year locust," and in the areas of the shorter recur rence period as the "13-year locust." The scien tifically accepted name of periodical cicada, there fore. Is the only one that exactly fits. . The statement that this is the most interesting insect in the world will hardly be questioned any where, nnd it is the most interesting because it Is the most anomalous, or possibly, because it has always appeared to be so mysterious. The fact that it appears In countless numbers one year, then is not seen again for half the average lifetime of human beings and then suddenly appears again in countless numbers, has kept the popular mind mys tified and has woven many superstitions about the cicada. When it is known that the Insects spend the 13 or 17 years In slow development beneath the ground and emerge at al most exactly the same spot where they entered the ground 13 or 17 years before then the mystery disappears, but the in terest, if anything, is intensified. One of the queer est things in nature is that in spite of such' ex tremely slow growth In their subterranean habitat, all the millions of individuals attain maturity and burst from the ground at almost the same moment. Every "locust year" Is, in some sort, a year of fear and dread. It appears to have been so with the savages and has remained so with their civilized suc cessors, notwithstanding the fact that the cicada has been under investiga tion for well over 200 years, and the appearance of the swarms are fore told by entomologists as accurately as eclipses of moon are foretold by as tronomers. People have fancied that they could de tect in the cry of the cicada a resemblance to the name of the monarch, Pharaoh, that persecuted the Israelites, and that oc cult belief or fear added to the somewhat dolorous sound has served to make the cry of the cicada generally an unwelcome one. Very long ago some superstition attached to the dark bars of the filmy wings. These bars are al ways In the shape of the letter W, but few people remember that through a period of 13 or 17 years, and great significance la attached to It at each recurrence. Some prophet has arisen always to announce that the W on the locust's wings means "war." Since this outbreak will come Just at the conclusion Of the greatest war, and when even the Imagination of the rural prophet could hardly con jure up the likelihood of another one, some new explanation will apparently have to be found this time. But no doubt the cicada will, as usual, be greeted as a harbinger of disaster, and, as usual, there will be reports of deaths caused by stings of the cicada, a belief that has persisted in spite of positive proof that the cicada has no sting, that only by the extremest accident could it inflict a wound either with bill or ovipositor, and that It could not, in any case, Inject a poison. Injury Is Usually Overestimated. Opon every appearance of large broods of the cicada, fear Is aroused that trees will be destroyed, particularly young trees of the fruiting and orna mental species. There would seem to be some ground for such a fear. The number of the In jects Is so tremendous that one can hardly under stand how they can deposit their eggs In the young end tender branches of the trees without killing them. Tet the fact remains that there have been outbreaks of cicadas In some sections of the United States in most of the years since this country was discovered and that no very grave damage ever yet has been done. Very young fruit trees sometimes are killed or seriously Injured, but little or no permanent injury is done to forest trees or mature trees of any kind and measures of protection can employed that will save the young and tender stock from serious Injury. , Inasmuch as the coming 1919 brood of locusts may be one of the largest on record. It Is particu larly Important to allay excessive fear of destruc- Elon to timber as well as to have people on guard, a that the few preventive measures possible may be applied. The belief that the 1919 brood will be exceptionally large Is based on the fact .that the 17-year brood coming out this year Is brood 10, ' jwrhaps the largest of the 17-year broods, and that brood 18 of the 13-year family comes out at the ame time. The year 18C8 was the greatest locust year In history. In that year brood 19, the largest of the 13-year broods, appeared In conjunction with brood 10, the two combining to maup wi rayw r wax mryii . -. f"7 S i '""'"Vi WMtirg Nmpiptr L'nlon New Service. Attention has been called to a recent decision of the Department of the In terior by the Arizona State Bureau of mines in regard to an application re ceived by the department for patent of certain mining claim. This ' claim was located on lands, after these had been withdrawn under the act of June 25, 1910, as amended by the act of Aug. 24, 1912. This amendment provides that lands so withdrawn shall at all times be open to exploration, discov ery, occupation, and ; purchase under the mining laws of the United States, so far as the same apply to metallifer ous minerals. A deposit of uranium, anadium and radium occurred upon the claim referred to. In the decision of the Interior Department it was held that location on such deposits was pos sible, but, In the nature of things, such deposits .were not metalliferous miner als and as such could not be patented in the face of withdrawal. This deci sion was based upon the fact that it is the salts of uranium, vanadium and ra dium that are mined and used in a commercial way, and not the metals 1p a native state, and that they are sim ilar In nature to potash ,or aluminum and are earthy, and therefore, are not metals in the strictest sense. They are, however, classed as non-metallic min The'geophone, invented during the war to determine the exact location oí sounds above and beneath the surface of the earth soon. will, be used exten sively In mining operations in this country, the bureau of mines an nounced in Washington. The instru ment will be used In mining operations the bureau stated either for sounding purposes or in determining the loca tion of men blocked from escape by cavélns or explosions. TRANSFORMATION OF PERIODICAL CICADA NUMBERS INDICATE STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT 1 7 - y e a r brood with a smaller 13 year brood this year will not bring about con ditions approach ing those of 186& The United States depart ment of agricul ture has long kept close check on all of the broods of both families and is able to say with almost com plete, unfailing accuracy Just when and over what territory any brood will appear. dented infestation. Jhe colncldence-of the largest OCCURRENCE OF THE PERIODICAL CICADA IN 1919. LARGE DOTS REPRESENT DENSE AND SMALL DOTS SCATTERING! COLONIES OF THE ir-YEAR PEST! ' CROSSES REPRESENT, COLONIES OF THE I J-YEAR CICADA.. ,- The two broods due this year are brood 10, ; which belongs to the 17-year family, and brood 18, which belongs to the 13-year family. Brood 10 has the widest distribution of any brood. Beginning at the eastern extremity of Long Island, it sweeps west and south to the Mis sissippi river at Cairo, 111., and extends as far north as central Wisconsin and as far south as middle Georgia, with some Isolated colonies as far northeast as upper Vermont, and one as far west as the boundary Une between Iowa and Nebraska. The whole or portions of 20 states are Included within this range. There are three regions of greater occurrence, one covering New Jersey, Maryland and eastern Pennsylvania ; another cov ering all of Indiana, the greater part of Ohio and southern Michigan, and a, third covering western North Carollpa, eastern Tennessee, and northern Georgia.. Brood 18, the 13-year brood that comes out this "year, Is comparatively a small brood and Is made up of scattered colonies rather than of the dense and compact swarms that mark the larger broods. Five states are affected by It Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee .but It touches only limited areas of these states. . Cicadas Will Appear in May. Latitude does not appear to materially affect the time of emergence from the ground, the cicada in the lake states coming out within a week or two of the same time as In the Gulf and South Atlantic states. This data ranges from the last week lu ' May to the first in June, and the shrieking hosts may be looked for throughout the whole territory indicated at about that time. Late in May or early In June the under sides of leaves on prac tically H trees In dense brood areas will be studded with the cast skins and every wooded place will be resounding with the shrill drums. a month later the desposltlon of eggs In branches will have become general. Fear aroused by the presence of this Insect in great numbers Is out of proportion to the real damage likely to be done. People In infested eec tions should not become unduly alarmed, but should apply such methods of control as are pos sible. In young orchards and nurseries', the safest method Is the hand collection of the Insects at the time of emergence or as soon afterward as pos sible. Every Cicada tries to climb some plant or tree Immediately after coming out of the ground, ' and great numbers of them can be shaken off and collected In bags or umbrellas. This practice may "" be continued for an Indefinite time after emer- When the "17-Year-Locusts" Come. The year 1919 Is likely to be one of the worst "locust years" on record. But ento- mologists of the United States department of nirrlculture see nothing alarming in the pros- X - a The oeriodlcal cicada, the real name of the i insect commonly called "locust," will appear, thi venr in the following states: Alabama, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Mnanchnsetts. Michigan. New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, $ South Carolina, xenneBsee, inuwuh -glnia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The Injury done by the periodical cicada I consists almost wholly In chiseling grooves X In the branches of trees lor depositing es f This Injury always appears to be greater than it actually Is. Popular aiarm is uuuj out of proportion to general damage. Young fruit trees are sometimes killed by the cicada. The precautionary measures are: Defer putting out young fruit trees till next year; postpone budding operations; do no pruning this winter or spring. When the Insects begin coming out, hand fnick them from young fruit trees or spray them wltn pyreuiruiu iwwua, emulsions or a solution of carbolic acid or acetic acid. Later, when the insects are ready to be gin laying, spray young fruit trees with whitewash. . . , ... ,. , . ce and the work should be very early in the morning or.iaie .u u. j....8 are somewnai w v i insecticides Are Effective The destruction of the cicada may be accom nilshed with insecticides if applied at the moment f emergence from the ground or shortly after It hRs shed its pupal skin and Is still soft and com naratively helpless. This kind of work can be made very successful In small areas, but could not L oA nn a laree scale. Best results are ob- .'iA ith nvrethrum powder, kerosene emul Binn a 2 per cent solution of carbolic acid, or a KIOTO, K ,i -r.,-J AlraM. 15 per cent solution oí ww .'u -v-i.. ta insects. mnh auccess haS' been attained with r other applications to prevent oviposl .. Tii-amelllné substances appear not to repel L -irada. There are some Indications that the insect dislikes to sit on a white surface, and there fore whitewash Is believed to possess sbme efficacy - vntlve of oviposltion, though the cicada will oviposit on whitewashed trees if no more nienslng Place can be found. A spray of bordeaux v . :VLf ta leo believed to have some value as a III LA tU - , .MtlVP. Certain precautionary methods, however, are of i.nnnrtance than the curative ones. In all regions where there Is to be an appearance of the cicada all pruning operations should be neglected during the preceding winter and spring in order to offer a larger twig growth and thus to distribute the damage over a greater surface. The planting v,,una orchards should be deferred until-the danger is past, and the same advice applies to budding operations in the spring prior to the " cicada's appearancet Arizona. After a wait of more than four months, Superintendent C. C. Arata it practically ready to resume operations at the Pittsburg-Jerome. A high-pressure compressor cylinder to replace the one that was broken on the 26tb of October has been delivered in Jer ome. ' ' ' " " " ' ' - The executive board of the Associa tion of Arizona Mining Men sent a tel egram to Secretary of the Treasury Glass at Washington indorsing the movement reported, as having been launched In New York to urge on the government the removal of restriction! on the shipping and price of exported silver. This announcement was made by President C. P. Reiniger of the as sociatlon. New Mexico. Three new oil companies have re centiy been Incorporated in New Mex ico. Articles of . Incorporation have been filed with the state corporation commission by the Bethlehem Oil Com pany of Roswell, capitalized at $100, 000. The Jornado Oil Company of. So corro has been Incorporated by W. R Bunton as statutory agent, William McDougall and George Keith of Car thage, N. M. The company is capital ized at $100,000. The third company is the Quay Wichita Oil and Gas Com pany of Tucumcarl, capitalized at $40,' 000, by A. D. Goldenburg, Joseph Is rael, R. A. Prentice, J. A. Street and M. H. Koch, all of Tucumcarl. Wyoming. '. The Hopewell Oil Company, a $100,' 000 Colorado concern, filed its articles of . Incorporation at .the state house, Cheyenne, thereby serving notice of Its Intention to extend its operations to Wyoming. " Colorado. There has been a sense of suppress ed excitement in and about Lake City because of mineral discoveries and an nouncements that have been made dur ing that time of mining projects that are to be undertaken in the districts with the opening of spring. Reports are in circulation ' that strike of rich ore has recently been made In the Bryan tunnel, at Black Hawk, of a grade of silver ore much above 'the average. The operators are so confident of the future of the prop erty that they intend to .extend She tunnel BOO feet further Into the moun tain and are getting pipe and equip ment ready to commence on that de velopment at once. ' ' Another strata of oil-bearing sand was encountered slightly below the 2,- B00-foot level by drillers at the well of the .Loveland Petroleum, Gas and Refining Company; Manager XV: 1L Jones of the company declared this to be a highly encouraging Indication and said if the strata proved to be of adequate thickness, the well would be shot, as he believed production would be brought In. , , ;( The coming summer will see a line surveyed for a six-mile rail connection between Ironton and Ouray. The building of this "connecting link" of rail between the two camps Is the se ll) el of the recent purchase by the Bunnyslde Mining and Milling Com pany, a subsidiary of the United States Smelting, Refining and Mining Com pany of the Sllverton Northern,' the Bllverton Gladstone and he Red Uountaln-Ironton railroads small bottle of "Danderine" keeps hair thick, strong, beautiful.' Girls! Try this! Doubles beauty of your hair in a tew ' moments. 7 ; ?f f i "ir" v 1 Within ten minutes after an appli cation of Danderine you can not find a single trace of dandruff or falling hair and your scalp will not itch, but what will please you most will be after a few weeks' use, when you. see new hair, fine and downy at first yes but really new lialr growing all over the scalp A little Danderine immediately dou bles the beauty of your hair. No dif ference how dull, faded, brittle ana scraggy, Just moisten a cloth with Dan derine and carefully draw it throúghv your balr, taking one small strand at a time. The effect Is amazing your hair will be light, fluffy and wavy, and have an appearance of abundance ; an in comparable lustre, softness and luxuriance. Get a small bottle of Knowlton'a Danderine for a few cents at any drug: store or toilet counter, and prove that your hair is as pretty and soft as any that It has been neglected or injured by careless treatment that's all you surely can have beautiful hair and lots of It If you will Just try a little Dan ierlne. Adv. World League of Women. - The group of 100 French girls sent over recently to American colleges for their education, and the deputation of representative French and English women who are bringing messages of gratltiy'e and Inspiration for us, are only a few Indications of the growing feeling of oneness among the women of the world. A man who neglects his own busi ness can't be troubled to look after other people's affairs. ' When a married man has no mind of his own his wife Is apt to give him a piece of hers. - People who have nothing to do but visit are the worst kind of bores. Ill MISERY wn. FOR YEARS Mr. Courtney Tel! How Sho Was Cured by Lydia E. Pinkham's VegeUbla " Compound. OsValoosa, Iowa." For year X was imply in misery from a weakness and awrai jwm-m n a nothing seemed .to do me any good. A friend advised ma to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound. I did so and got re lief right away. I can certainly re commend this valu able medicine to other women who suffer, for it has dona auch rood work for ma and I know it will help others if they will give it a fair trial Mrs. Lizzie Courtney, 108 8th Ava., West, Oskaloosa, Iowa, Why will women drag along from day to day, year in and year out, suffering such misery as did Mrs. Courtney, when such letters as this arecontinually being published. Every woman who suffers from displacements, irregularities, in flammation, ulceration, backache, ner vousness, or who is passing through tha Change of Life should give this famous root and herb remedy, Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound, a trial. For special advice write Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass. The result of its lon,g experience is at your servios ii..iuiiu'íiiiiiimii. Clear Your Skin WithCuticura All drugfrista: Soap 25, Ointment 25 A 60. Tal cum 25. Sample each iree ol Lmmi Dapt, B, Beatoau"