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v f VOL. I. KINGSTON, SIERRA COUNTY, N. M., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY, 14, I885. NO. 9. wittttB A . ,-- . .Li LETTER FROM WASHINGTON PREPARING FOR THE INAUGURAL. Randall and Carlisle's Conference with the New President. A Crief I'e rlod Left Congress iu which to 1'ans Important Kills. Fnim Our Regular Corrpniidenl. Washington, Fl 9: Ed. Advo cate. The topic of the week has been the visit of Mr. Randall and Speaker Carlssle to Albany to con fer with the president-eloct. The Suidnuucs have been kept busy iscussing and prophesying the cause and effect of the. visst, but so far thev are all m the drak. -Mr. Randall declines to make public the nature of his conference with Mr. Cleveland, and Mr. Carlisle will undoubtedly be equally reti cent. It may be nssumed, how ever, that the conversations related to political management, especially with regard to those matters with which the speaker of the house and the leader of the flooi have so much to do. The Democratic . par ty is undoubtedly in a position at the present time which requires the nicest judgement, and it is very desirable, therefore, that all shoulu be done that can lo done to make the transition on the 4th of March as smooth as possible. There will bo a considerable jolt in any event, but by careful driving the danger of upset will be greatly lessened. Congress can help or hinder the new administration by its record thia winterfand hence its transac-' tioua have a personal interest for Cleveland, and are of importance to the party generally. The - president-elect would scarcely assnrau tl role of dictator, but he is in a position to suggest and advise, if the common belief is right, he has already shown his influence in breaking down the Nicaragua treaty, and iu like manner the j mrneys of Messrs Carlisle and lUuduU may bear fruit in the pro ceeding of the house. His de sires on the question of an extra session, for instance, would na- rally have great weight in deter mining the Democratic policy in tiittt matter. And his view.s on wind, b use a newspaper phrase, are "o ntiiiui:ig topi.-s" of politics, Wjuld receive careful attention; nujii questions, for instance, as the tariff, Uie re-orgnnuatioii of the navy, und the civil sei vice. Apropos of an extra session, thera seems no oceasion for the ex pense and turmoil imn itably re sulting from an extra session of congress under the peculiur cir cumstances which will exist after the lib proximo. It is true, only iil) working days remain to the i'oity-eigtii congress. Compared with the number of days thut have passed during the last and the present session, and the amount of work performed and on hand, tho time is extremely short. But brief as it is, it will be found suf ficient, if industriously utilized and eked out with evening sessions, for the proper disposal of all indis pensable business. All the appro priation bills can be gotten out of tbe way before the eud of the ses sion, if members will discourage dilatory proceedings and give the cold shoulder to loug-wiuded ora tors. The court-martial at the Ebbit house finished the considerat ion of the case of (Jen. Swaim a short time since, and transmitted its findings to the secretary of war. 1 do not understand that any mem ber of tha court has divulged the proceeeings, but 1 get the impres sion from all sources thai by a con siderable majority it has found Geni Swaim guilty of the charge laid against him, which fiudicg, if approved by the secretary of war must lead to his dismissal from the army. The finding will un questionably be. approved, and President Arthur will have an op portunity to appoint either some officer of the bureau of military justice or some civilian friend like lien, Sharpe to this highly desira ble position. It is now definitely arranged that President-elect Cleveland when he arrives here will goat once to the Arlington hotel and occupy a suit of rooms until ho moves across the way into the Ex ecutive mansion. Three of the sisters of , the president-elect will come with him. As soou as he idves nut he Executive mansion. to his successor, ex-President Arthurt wi!lg to Secretary 1 reunghuy sen's rt'id?iic t" niniti until he f.r9.t,he Ciy 8 Gen. Grant uee 01 ex-occretary or staler u guests at present within the walls of the White house than nt any time during the present admiuis tratiou. Besides Mr. Chas. II Miller and Gen. Sharpe, of New ork, both bosom friends of the president, there is Mrs. MeEIrov Misses Katie Sharpe, Harding ami Me.fc.Iroy. Lenox, , - A Wreck of Wall Street The enforced sale of James R Keene's Inst horse, and his dispo. sal .of the final remaining share iu a large apartment house recenth in New York, marks the failure of his latest attempt to recoup. This has reminded busy Wall street that Keene still existed, liut it needed something of the sort to re call him to memory, for he has dropped entirely out of the finan cial world and is no more a factor in the making of prices than is any broker's office boy. Yet Keene had a brilliant career while it last ed. He went to New York with 3,000,000, or thereabouts, in his pockets, and struck the boom of 1879 80, and at one time was worth not fur from $15,000,000. The riff-raff and the hangers-on and the adventurers of the street fast ened on to him, flattered him, told htm his mission in life and his du ty toward mankind was to break Jay Gould, and offered their ad vice and influence. Keene made money fast as long as prices ad vanced, lie bought with great freedom and courage, and his name whs in every one's mouth. But when the tide turned Keene was loaded. He did not have the sa gacity and celerity of Gould, who has a knact of turning even misfor tunes to good account, but kept on getting iu deeper and deeper, un til the inevitable rapped at his door, and he fouud that he had lost all. Reform in Hanging. Nome of the eastern papers are discussing the plan of substituting electricity for the hangman s rope in the execution of . criminals. Some of the arguments brought forward are good, but they all leave out the' essential point in fa vor of the gallows, which is the shnmeful nature of the death. This has deterred many "people of vicious inclinations from perpo truting crime, and there is no good reason for abolishing it. , Death by shooting is as painless and al most as instantaneous as electrici ty, yet the substitution of it for hanging would, in the opinion of experts, lead to an increase in the graver crimes. The only reform in executions which is needed in this country is to make them strict ly private. This would remove many of the most repulsive scenes now witnessed at hangings, and we are sure would greatly increase the skill and efficiency of sheriffs. As it is now a jail-yard is usually crowded with pothouse politicians and men about town, who have in fluence, with the sheriff and who usually seem to regard the affair as a picnic. These gentry should never be allowed inside of a jail un less they are brought there by the law. S. F. Chronicle. . "Grin and Bear it." The following is vouched for by a minister's wife, .and therefore must be so if it isn't so: A clergy man, visiting a woman in a severe i'liietvs, nbkei; "Do you derive any comfort from the instruction of tbe Bible?" "Oh, yes, indeed," was the reply. "What particular pas ssge do you rely upon at present?" "Grin and bear it," replied tbe suf ferer. The clergyman departed to look up a concordance. A Jaw-breaker. Nabjezda. Steppnoona Sokhans ky, one of the most popular story writers in Kussia, is dead. Her pen name was "Kokhauovskaya." Jibe thus simplified her pen name because her fellow-Russians com plained that if they were to speak of her iu full they would always have to oil their jaws after the ex citement was over. Prayer-books are made with a bouquet holder on the outside in which to hold flowers. It'll get so pretty soon that the pulpit will be carved hias, with lour rows of fiounciug np the front and a Beethoven polonaNe strung out in the rear. ROSSA'S ZEALOUS DEFENDER A PLEA IN BEHALF OF DYNAMITE A Forcible Arraignment tl England and Koine Plain Talk Concernlnf Her roli7 Toward Old Erlu. Interesting Ilomo Letter. from n Occuionil Corrtpndent.l Ed. Advocate: Dear Sir. No ticing your strictures on dynamite in general, and O'Donovnn Rosea in nnrticular in vour issue of the 7tli inst. I would beg your indul gence ami space in vour valuable r i i i "i r j journal, auu, moeeu, x no yoiuo your paper very much, and deem your last issue the best paper ever printed in our camp in regard to our mines), to say only a few words in defense of those much abused dynamiters. 1 was going to say apologize for tuera; but, sir, they do not require an apology To commence with, O'Donovan ltossa has been abused much indeed, by friend and foe alike. You, dear Bir, place yourself iu his positnn, or bo placed there by a hated alien foe, driven from the home of your fathers, hunted and hounded down almost to death's door by thepaira agents of that foe, thrown into prison for years to as sociate with the vilest curs of per fidious England; fed on bread and water, occasionally a little, thin, stinking gruel given you to eat; with your hands ironed behind you get down on vour belly to lick up that gruel, like a creeping rep tile, as O'Donovnn Ilossa has had to do, and if you ever survived such treatment received from her Chris tian Majesty most damned, I would say government, 1 think you would be willing to use dyna mite or any other "mite" to blow that dynasty from the fnc?of God's green eartn, all sentiment and la-de-da business to the contrary not withstanding. I know, to people on this side of the water, far away from tha scene of action, that the use of explo- sives to blow up Loudon and other cities of England, is regarded bur- barous indeed. Well, probably it is, but when Grant fired on Vieks burg with its population of men, women and children therein; when .Sherman trained his guns on At lanta, with the same kind of a pop ulation within its walls did the world judgi these groat generals barburiaus? Oh, no; it did not. When Lee started n his invasion of Pennsylvania with the intention of wintering in New York and Phil adelphia, and Btorming by shell iug, and bombarding these cities, if he ever reached their gates, if said cities did not bui render at once to his invading hosts was or was not he pronounced a blood curdling villain by tho applauding world, especially Lngiand But, men will say thut this is no criterion by which to Judge Irish dynamiters. There was a state of actual war existing in the cases 1 have been referring to, but, my dear American friends, I insist that it is a criterion, and that a state of actual war exists between Ireland and England to-day- has existed for centuries, and will exist until Ireland Dear Old Ireland! is forever free. Dear sir, I appreciate the sym pathy you show in your article for the Irish people and Ireland's cause, and knowing from the tenor of that article that your heart, your true American heart, boats m'sym- pathy with the patriots of the land of my fatners, 1 could not let thi3 pass without thanking you for the same, and also saying a few words for that much abused O Donovan Rosso. He is not understood. A more gentle heart never beat neath an Irish freize coat or an American broud-cloth, than that same O'Don ovan ivossu: but tvranv and op pression heaped unon him bv the oppressors of his country, made al most a maniac of him- And no man w ho w ill read tlie history of those oppressions will condemn him a great deal, at least Ameri cns will not. I mean geuuino Amer icans, and not Anglicised cockney dudes. Indeed I am Gory to incumber your paper with this effusion, as I presume it will take up space that would ba of more value to the gen eral reading public for something else. Nevertheless vour paper is read by a large number of citizens who sympathize deeply with detr Old Ireland and her struggles for freedom, and would profably like to see a word in her defense and in dtfen- of Jipr onit, rto mrt-r in which arm of the service they fight Once in a great while in your columns. Hoping you will give entire Katisfac'.ion in the fu tuie, as you have done in vour first issue on taking charge of the ADVOCATF, I am indeed truly yours for the mining industry of Kings ston and vicinity. Prospector. Kingston, Eeb. 10. Dynamite, and how it is Made. Since dynamite is the subject of so much comment end considera tion, and the object of much ter ror at this time, it will not be in apt to notice its composition, the period of its invention, and the cause of its terrible result. This explosive, which iu the last feu' years has created such universal attention, was mvented iu 18GS, by Noble, a German chemist Up to tho time of its invention, the most dangerous explosite compound known, was nytro glycerine, which is made by mixing very strong ni tric acid with twice its weight of concentrated sulphuric acid. This mixture being thoroughly cooled is poured into a glass flask, and there is added a certain quantity of concentrated and purified glyc erine. After this addition the mix ture is poured into five or tix times its bulk of very cold water, to which a rotary motion is imparted. Aftei this process it is ready for use. Dvimniito is made by ab sorbing 75 parts of nytro-glycerine by '25 parts of any porous inherent matter, as finely divided charcoal or silica. Dynamite has the ad vantage over nytro-glycerine of not being exploded even by the most violent percussion, thereby requir ing a peculiarlly arranged cart ridge. It is most affected by dump, and has explosive power 8 times as great as that of powder. The dynamite is placed iu cart ridges of thick paper, and ignited by means of a fuse which passes through sand, serving the purpose of ft wad. Tbe cause of the ter rible consequences is the sudden and violent expansion of the sur rouudii.g atmosphere. Defective Mining Laws. Our mining laws are so framed us to retard the development of the country. The over to make any number of fixations and the hold ing of the ground for the scend year after tho locution is wade is a drawback that does not ssem to bo realized bv our law makers. i'he opportunity of re-locating ground is uu incentive for many men to do nothing upon thoir claims in the way of development and they are enabled to hold ground for a term of years without doing a stroke of work upou it. In a larxe number of cases the assess ment work, if done ut all, is per formed somo part of the claim where there is no lodge and no showing to justify the work being done at that particular place, ex cept it be the fact that the nature of the ground udmits of the work being done without much labor and at a small cost to the owner. One of the great disadvantages of doing work in this way lies in the fact that such work does not en hance the value, of the claim or tend to stimulate mining. If pros pectors and miners intend to risk their money and labor in doing assessment work uion their min ing claims, let the work be done where it will do the most good, and iu nil cases it should be done upou the ledge, without any regard for Ihr bnrdnesg of the rock or tho in ability of sinking a stated number of feet for $100, Tombstone lie cord. Wt Have No Equal. A gentleman from Kingston the other day In forme I us that the Wilson Brothers took a car-load of 6300 ore out of an eight-foot hole on tho Blnck Colt. There is said to be a fair prospect of get ting another car-load within the next eight feet. Tain about rich ness, where is the strike in New Mexico or out of it that beats thii? New Era. The Iteview is a poor, weak sis ter and we huve a greut deal of compassion for her. Optic. Hitch up your galluses, old girl, and sail into him. It is stated that Gustave roll ings, of Socorro, is anxious to dis Kse of Lis reduction works to the Lake Valley syndicate. Our mine ba.?e ni oqu'd. THE HERO OF APPOMATOX. GRANT TO RECEIVE RECOGNITION. President Arthur l'rfrei Conrieni to l'a Hit I Placing tbe ex-l'rcul-dent on tbe Ketlred List of tbe Arin.Otber Aewi llenu. Washinjton, Feb. 9. Th re cent message of the president to congress relative to the retirement of Geir Grant, appears to be well regarded by men of all parties. Be low is the message: To the House of Bepresentatives. I take especial pleasure in laying lefore congress the penerous offer made by Mrs. Grant to give to the government m perpetual trust, the swords and military and civil tes tiinonials lately belonging to Gen Grant. A copy of the deed of truat and of a letter addressed to me by it' 'ii . . . ... imani it. vutiuetlult will ex plain the nature and motivo of this offer. The appreciation of Gen. Grant's achievements and the recognition of his just fame have, in part, taken the shape of numer ous memento and gifts, which, while dear to him, jkissoss for the nation exceptional interest. These relics of great historical value have passed into the l auds of another, whose considerate action has re stored the collection to Mrs. Grant as a life trust, on condition that at the death of Gen. Grant, or sooner, at Mrs. Grant's option, it shall be come the property of the govern ment ns set forth in the accompa nying jiapeis. In the exercise of the option thus given her Mrs. Graut elects that the trust shall forthwith determine and asks that the government designate a suita ble place of deposit and a respon sible custodian for the collection. The nature of this gift and the value of the relics which the gon erosityofa private citizen, joined to the high senso ot public regard which animates Mrs. Grant, have pla ed ut the dispose! of the gov ernment demand full and signal recognition on behalf of the nation at the hands of its representatives. 1 therefore ask congress to take suitable action to accept the trust and provide for its secure custody, at the same time recording the ap preciative gratitude of the people of tlioUnited Stutea to the donors. In this connection 1 may perti nently advert to the pending legis lation iu the senate and house of representatives looking to national recognition of Gen. Grant's emi nent services by providing a menus for his restoration to the army on the retired list. That con gress by taking such action will give expression to almost universal desire of the people of this nation is evident and I earnestly urge the passage of an act similar to senate bill '24.10, which will not interfere with the constitutional prerogative of apiMiutment, will enable the president iu his discretion to nom inate Gen. Grrnt as a generul on the retired list. Chester A. Arthur. Accompanying the papers re ferred to arc tho deod or trust exe cuted by Vanderbilt and that gentleman's letter to the president, informing him of his action. An Alleged Farce. A New York Herald Ottawa speciul says: A Canadian member of parliament, just arrived from British Columbia, states that the recent attempt to establish a local government in Alaska by the United States is a perfect furce. The governoi, judges and several others sent up to the territory last fall are in Washington. The ter ritory isruu by the Alaska Com mercial company ol San Francisco. Free Puffs. A paper has established the fol lowing rates for pull's: To call a man a "progessive citi zen," wheu it is known that he is lazier than a government mule, f 1.73 Referring to n deceased citizen as "a man whose, place will remain unfilled," when ho knows he is the best poker player in town, $2. Calling a female "a talented and refined lady, a valuable acquisition to society," with variations, SI 75. Calling a man a luir during a campaign, to advertise him, 25ets. To give the fwllow against whom you have a grudge h I, i s always done for the fun there is iu it, when the grudgor agrees to Htand at the dixjr with a club to persuade tbegrudtfee tha editor is not iu. EDITORIAL NEWS ETCHINGS. TnE lower Mississippi is again threatning to overflow its banks. Mrs. Dudley, who last week shot O'Donovan Kossa, is declared to be insane. It is now intimated that Sena tor "Garland, of Arkansas will bo made secretary of stata. . -' Thi cause of Mr. Bayard's re fusal to accept a cabinet position is said to be a slender purse, Tni excitement occasioned in England over the dynamite exulo- eion is gradually subsiding. i m Tm inauguration of Cleveland will be the most elaborate affair of the kind ever witnessed iu this country. SENATOR JoNAs, of Louisiana, who has been mentioned in connec tion with a Cabinet appointment, is a Jew. A rich but giddy young thing of 74 summers, has just been mar ried in Quebec to her coachman, aged 17. The venerablo war-horse of Stonewall Jackson has arrived at New Orleans, and will attract no little attention. Catt. Crouch, loader of tho Ok lahoma boomers, is making prep arations for another invasion of the Indian territory. A committer from New Orleans is now in Washington, for the purpose of securing additional aid from congress. The fuir is now $319,000 in debt. A oentlk rephyr in Colorado, last week, tenderly picked up n lo comotive and train of cars and wafted them from tho track. VYo call that cheek. It is rumored that the brother hood of telegraph operators of the United S'a'es and Canada, are quietly perfecting arrangements for another strke. A STRokci effort is being made to induce Edwin Booth to play in Washington this winter. He ha never visited the capital since tho assassination of Lincoln by his brother. TitoF. Lanohammeu'h position as chief cook and bottle washer of New Mexico at the World's Pair, does not appear to be a pleasant one, judging from the dissatisfied exhibitors. In 1G4 pricincts out of 171 nt the recent election in Chicago, the grand jury of Cook county have discovered fraud. Tho Mississippi plan appears to be peculiarly fitted for the rigors of an Illinois winter. In the bank ot France 'there is an invisible studio in a gallery be hind the cashiers, so that at a sig nal from one of them any suspect ed customer will instantly have his picture taken without his knowing it. A VERDICT for 11,000 damages has been rendered against the Ijouisvitle & Nashville railroid for running over Robert Washington, a distant relative of our first pres ident. At the time of the accident Mr. Washington was an inmate of a pool -house. New Mexico's exhibit at Now Orleans is not what it should be. The impression created in compar ison with that of Colorado, is any- tLing but flattering to us. This is hot because the mines of New Mexico are not as good, if not su perior, to those of Colorado, but because our mining men have not attached that importance to the oc casion that it deserves. However, there is yot time to rectify the mis-tsk.