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-"' :i" . "" ' : . j HILLSBOROUGH, SIERRA COUNTV, N,M. J'JiT IP, 1885. NO, 20 VOL. 2. WASHINGTON LETTER. - . , . "(From oar ResoUur Crref)iondfBl. ) V asjunutox, July 4, 1885. While walking through the Na 'o?y Yard the other day, I met Oom .odoie Sieaxd. "This, said the (Jomodore, holding up a chocolate colored, sil-sided prism no inch .nud a half iu .diameter, with round hale through it, aud weighing over two ounces, "this is a groin of the .celebrated cocoa oowder of which you have head so aucU." "Is it m iae of cocoa ?" 1 asked. "No, there is probably uot a particle of 45ocia in it. It takes its name from its color, but its composition is a profound secret. It is made abroad and furnished the tli a world at a reasonable rate, but I think we shall booh be able to make it our selves. There aio experiment going forward here which we ex pect to be cuowned with success. The particular points of excellence of the cocoa powder over the old. kind are thut it burns Blower id the beginning and more rapidly toward the en J. .In other words it has a tendency to burn more rap idly under increasing pressure.' With the black powder it is a dif ficult to keep down the pressure, but it requires high pressure to make cocoa burn rapidly." "is the cocoa powder economical?" .No, I cannot say that it is. It takes a good detd of it to impress a high velocity to a projectile. But when everything, is properly ad justed it is not impossible to give a velocity of iuoro than 2,000 feet per second to a projectile." I thanked the Cowodore uud was glad to note another evidence thut pur Jiavy was waking up. Numerous stories have, been published m regard to the physi cal coudition or llou. MalcoJm Hay, first Assistant Postmaster General, lie certainly has the appearance of being in poor health, iie sits in an armed easy-chair, with his head resting languidly back upon the cushion. He is very pale, and his voice sounds like that of d sick man, or of one who is just recovering from a se yera illness. I aiu (old, however, that he is not by any means so bad oit i.ti he lifitJ "" hie ' uppoafautJ of being. lie is really no worse than he has been for a number of years past He is a very consci entious man, and attends to hie work very dilligently and careful ly. He is not a strong man pby. sically, to be sure, but he carefully husbands his strength aud accom plishes a great deal, fie works at his correspondence every night after he has gone home, and thus works off very much more than would be supposed. ' A good story is told of one of the recent western eppoiutees in the Treasury Department. Ho had only just been installed, when, happening into one of the other offices, he beheld a silvei tray and pitofu'r. His own room was fur nished with aii ordinary earthen pitcher and tumbler, Tlie silver tray took his eye, and, returning to his room, he wrote a requisition for one upon the Secretary. The Secretary read the requisition and returned it with the verbal mes sage: "Tell Mr.-r-that be let ter get the prairie mud off his boot-I.eel before he sends . to me for silver trays." Mr. Hiy it pTTjfhjr of a civil Bervioe reformer in his way. He does not always please the Con gressman aud Senators, who have sometimes crowded him pretty hard for appointments for their constituents. He is determined that Congressmen shall be held responsible for the resommenda tions which they make, and has sometimes been rather pointed in the questions he has asked. He jaanifestlp believes ia doing Jjusi ness in a business-like way. Postmaster General Vilus is the last uian ie the cabinet, who was expected to be a civil service re former and yet 1 was tola uy a candidate for office to-day that he lectured nearly every one who calls upon him on this subject It is extremely difficult to see the Post niBnter Gneral at all. and when .one does see bim it is only for ft minute, and it is rather uiononton ousto have thati minute occupied with a lecture on civil service re form. Bnt that is the . wavery often," said this gentleman. The single . rate ltUer postage law, which reduced the rate to two cents an ounce, laslead of two cts. for each half ounce, as heretofore, has made very little chauge'in the business of the Department. But the ohauge is in the line of a reduc tion of taxation and will be uni versally welcomed. The present limit Stops the "flow of affection, description and business often at the most interesting point Under the naw law, some of the favorite and well-word excuses for. Cutting a letter short become' unavailable! but as the act Bays nothing against a sputtering pen, or thick ink, or the mail closing, or the end of the sheet, or the baby waking up, cor respondents still have sufficient resources for: excusing themselves when they get tired of writing. 1 L. .MueJVnej and 117 phlidren "I want you to write something in this bible," said Lawsou Law rence,. .colored, aud a regular sub scriber of the Mail, He was ac companied by an' aged" ""uncle," whose hair was gray when the gray hairs of girls were golden in the sunlight of youtli and it was for him the bible-writine was intended. "Hi is 103 years old," said Lawsou, and at this the reporter was all ear, as usuol. Inquiry of Uncle Nero developed, according to his statement that he was born in Trenton district. North Carolina, May 7, 1792. and would t conse quently be 103 years of agepn the ytli of May, 1885. He said he came to Eufaula "daring Jackson's war," end when Eufaula was Trvui tou. The Indians were encamped about Montgomery! and he bought a pony of them for $.. His pres ent wife, "Henry kringle s sister, is 50 years old, he having married her when sue was a 'gal,' its he ex pressed it. She is his ninth wife, and, in reply to the question as to how many children he had, he said lie hail been accused of having 117, aud it was not for him to dispute it, Last year he cultivated twenty acres of laud and raised an abund ance of peas, corn, and potatoes. This year he is cultivating cotton. He lives within a quarter of a mile of White Pond, this county, where he has been for the Inst eleven years. He labors during the week and preaches on Sunday, being pnstar of Mount Zion Meth odist -church. forr.ejghfc years Eufaula, (Ala.) Mail, The First Silver Coin, . - ,1 f..u:i country was me oia-iaBuiuuc 1 1 ' , . :ntsslanera proceed in go, wheel cent. . The first issue wa .if 1793. and then, were three men wanted, ' r'M "! A.Uw use of of the year 1815 Uiere has bee Q no bretk iu the issue of cents froi,hjw . that time to the present It w' Whithsm, J P conrt in 1794 that the liberty cap wa Q J changed to the fillet-head, an , ; these were issued regularly t,e Ta'fova salai v for thirteon yers, when the GoddeoI(lijig of Liberty appeared on the coi,e TafoV4 fo? , with thirteen stars surrounding n, proilRte jU(ig,t A cent of the issue of 1799, In goy, vyeb8tcr s jary as condition, is worth $40 to $50,probate cf;rk for 6 . Nueinismatist mouth, la Honeingrr work on Hermosa rciid, . '- (1 FUi.k wort; on ITrr- IN ALLEGED JBEL1C. A Fragment orihe Robe Worn by Our J' Savior natd to Lxlst. I was prtaeut on Whit Monday at a religious ceremony of a very remarkable kind, says n Pitris cor respondent of the London News, which is celebrated every year in .the pjtr!! viiiiioh of Argsutcail, a email town upon the banks of the Seine, j ist outside Paris, l' or ten days every y;'.nr, from Ascension dav to Whit Monday, casket, oou- Gaining cue of the supposed frag ments of the robe or tunic worn bv our Lord iust before his cruci- fixioii U carried id procession along tho aisle of the , church, and the congregation are afterward admit ted to view it in the vestry. Many of your readers will doubtlebs be aware that what is said . to be the exterior robe worn by our Lord is preserved in the church of Treves, in Germany, but that at Argenteuu is alleged to be the inner garment which the Savior wore, and for which .tha ilomau soldiers enst lots. The holy tunic is inclosed within a double shrine, and is oi ly exhibited in its entirety at rue in tervals, as it is placed under seal by the bishop of the diocese (Ver sailles),' who alone hus authority, ntidfer tlffe uoue. to break them. Xlurty years ogo the seala were broken by the then bishop, us the late pope had expressed a wish to have a fragment of the sacred gar ineut. uud at the same time two other fragments were cut out of it and -winced in two small shrines, which the faithful aie allowed to kiss, kneeling, at ; the altar. The BBiils affixed in 1854 begun to orum tile away about three years ago, and thep ..were renewed by the bishop of Versailles just before the Whilsuu festival, among those present being the parish priest of of Argtnteuil, who tells u.e that the holy tuuic is made of camel's hair, being dark . brown in color uud very-much like the garment which he. An.bs of the present day .wear, next to the skin. He adds thut it wua examined through 41. microscope, ami that all win ware present, unanimously agieed tluit tliB: could detect nut (.tains but trace? which they are convinc ed are of "blood. Beyond remark ing that tht re u no inherent im possibility iu a camel's hair gar ment being preserved for eighteen ecuturIes,T do not feel called upon td'exprets'auy opinion as to the authenticity of this relic, which, however, is yeuerated as such by nil catholics, and believed by them tu.lmve.beeu the means of efi'ectiug many -.'miraculous cures, muong others those of the eldest son of Lord Clifford, tho Marquis d'llur oourt. and the Com te de Damns, who was for ninny years a com panion of the Coiule de Chainbord. A Kappf -Go-Lucky Yai.kee Farmer. 1 We ran across an old New Hamp shire farmer hist week iu one of our rambles who had lived 05 years on the farm where he was bom. He 'guessed' ho had about 500 acres tt land a large ebar of which ja mountain pasture. A small brick cottage and two barns iurreo printing com. 14.00 on frou 3.00 incl be l.e dii 5.00 4.00 run j J u ' 6-00 ; c'4 I : iia ; cm ! 46 1 loo.oo : i 15.1.5 i thought he was making something. He said he thought the whole place was worth $6,000. Ho had raised a family of ten boys aud giils, all of whom are still liviug, and he had twice served in the gen eral .court, aud olways voted the democratic ticket. It . whs a fair illustration of the happy-go-lucky Yankee farmer, who seldom lias any system or imln'g in any c his busines as would run a maim farturer.or a merchant. Lowell Courier. Kansas Wheat Kalnod by It a In. Paosa, Ens., July 5. Another heavy rainstorm visited -this sec tion last night, continuing all through the day. It seems to have been general throughout eastern Knusas nud western Missouri, and this is the sixth day of almost con tinuous cold rains. The work of gathering the wheat crop is brought to a complete standstill. Wheat in stacks has been ruined ruined, and estimates plac the loss in Kansas alone at 1,000,000 bushels, besides the damage to the grain yet in the fields. Corn will prob ably sustain little injury, but it is backw.uk twenty days as compared with the latest senson for twenty yesrs- The state board's Inst es timate of 10,000,000 bushels of wheat was based on allegod im provements in southeastern Kan sas, which was expected to partially offset disasters in the great wheat belt of the center. This estimate took no ncconnt of tha week's storm and the immense damage to stacked wheat Way Tlldi'a Sercr Married. One of his friends tells me that Mr. Tilden in past years had semi occnsional differences in his house hold, sometimes vnlgarly called rows. After one of these, Smith M. Weed drove up in front of Mr. Tilden's Gramercv Park house. Mr, Tilden got in with Mr. Weed, to whom he presently related his troubles in ties-air. He capped thedimax by say ns he slapped his companion on the knee: ly t huuder. Weed, I'd get married if 1 wasn't afraid to." N.x, Tribune. The White Houne. Tho W hite Houso covers about one-third of ui acre, and it has cost up to the .present time about 5r2, 00'),000. It is modeled after a cas tle in Ireland, and theachitect.who was a South Carolina man named Hobun, got $500 for drawing tho plans. When it wa9 first built, swiiy back in the nineties, it cost SHOO.OOO, but the British burned out its iusidt, and its cost hns since added to that sum about $1,700,000. In it all tho presidents since Wash ington have lived, and each has added to its beauties and its ex pense. John Adams bought the the first biHiard table Vihich was used in it But in John Adams's time it was only half furnished, and Abigail Adims used to dry her clothes in the big east room. Vear bv vear, however, the furnishing has gone on, until pow It is a sort of museum of art and beauty,- Wash ington Star, Take a slip of paper and plce thereon m figures yovr oge in years, dropping tho months, weeks anddavs. Multiply, the sum by two; then add to the result obtain ed the figures 3768; and . then di vide by two. Subtract from the result obtained tho number of your years on oarth, and see if will not obtpin figures you will not be like ly to gorget. The City of Mexico has sixteen daily papers. Ss:bsftribe for tb ADVOCATE. THE HOUSE OF HANOVER. Story ot riillip or Konltfsniark and the Mother rtleorir II. or Eagiuud. When that adventurer, Philip of IConigsmark by name, appeared at the court of Hanover he received a commissiou as colouel in the ser vice of the elector. 'Philip was handsome, a dandy, and a great tiiiuin.- H Imd been, when a Jad, a page at the court of Celle, and there Supha Dorothea, as a child, had known him. The unhappy woman received him as an old friend; they met often in the pres ence of Sophia's maid, their only confidante, and Boon the princes found that she loved him with uil tho strength of lior passionate na ture, aud every duty was forgotten. Among the busy, slunderous tongues of the court that of the wicked old coutess of Platen was bitterest oud loudest Through jealousy of Konigsmaik, who had betrayed and insulted her, she caused tho guilty pair to be watch ed, and, iu consequence, Sophia Dorothea received reproaches und threats from her husband. At this period Konigsmaik begged and obtained his dismissal from ear vice, ahd the princess, taking ad vantage of her husband's absence iu berlin, flew to her father at Ceile aud prayed him to allow her to return home. Hut George Wil helui, perhaps not knowing the danger which threatened his daughter, bade her to return im aiediately to Hanover. The un happy woman now saw only one course open to her. She consent ed to flv with Konigsmark to Vmlfeubuttel. The 2d of July, Ki'Ji, was tho time decided upon. The evening before, Konigsmark came to confer with the princess uiion their last p'ans and left her nt midnight, As he stepped into the corridor he found four guards awaitiu!: him, who had been plac tid there upon an order procured from the elector by the Countess Plated and who endeavored to seize him. . He defended himself val iautlv and out his . wny through them to the entrance of the Ititter- saal. Hers he wink back, mortally wounded. As he lay upon tho Hour the old countess of Platen in me from her apartments, and when he saw her he cursed her ith Ida lar.t brcatbi T1 11 ItfTf V woman stamped in fury upon his mouth with her heel, In tl.o pal aco was horror,- and in the city dark rumors Hew from mouth to liiniitli. Iu ordet to silence slaii der the dead body of the wretched man wasqdielly uud quickly dis posed of and silence imposed upon nil. So well whs this observed that no one knows where the body of KonitrHiuark was laid. It is true that remaius supposed to be his have been found when alterations about the palace hsve been mad but ns the ground uixin which it is built was in formar years uie uur ial ground of tha monks there can l no certainty iu retard "to them. After the murder of Konigsuiatk Sophia Dorothea was taken to her angry father at Oelie, who sent her to his castle ot Aliiaeii. , un me 28th of Dhoember, 1CU4, she was legally separated from her hus band, who tind already ascended the throne of England aadajrge 1. Her son, (leorga II., always be lieved in his mother's inuocence, as well ns many others, who before the divorce endeavored to cause a reconciliation. However, letters which have Iknmi found written by Sophia to her lover tend to prove the contrary. At the auo of 28 the unhappy Sophia Dorothea forsook the world aud became a prisoner in the cas tle of Ahldcn. Duriug the thirty two long yeat which she pMeu hero her only consolation was in the love of her" mother, which never failed her, and in her deads of charity to the poor 'in the neigh boihoodof Ler prison. She died on the 13th of November,; 172ti, and was burind at. Celle, in the darkness and silence of night, and without courtly pngeant Yet So- S)hia Dorothea was honerert by ate as the ancesstress of the En glish and Prussian bouses. Bos ton Transcript Th rutnri of Ksw Ycrk. . A striking' article in the Seiitnmher Cititurg in V. C. Coinuii' inmtlrv, "Will Nw Tork be tho Final Worlii Mi'trnpolUP" wlitoh he uiiwit In the. i 111 iiu at I ve. "Tlia pivot of tli whole iluvelupmont of the metropolis," lie i.iyi, "it on tlie emttem idu. at the linvur euil f Maalinttnn IxlitmL ilnre ii Ihe poiTnnneot finiwehil 'Oontur. It will not move, for all the world ccki it where It is. Wall trett will psssorve, ii chnraitU'r n lotisf ns the oo.imetrop. endtims. liuakra, cxclmngn, ocks, insurauce, capiud, ami incr., chHiiitise brokorago, spiKHilation, and timiiioiid aad'oommcrcsnt gyg trwa-- 'iil part? f the world, will fircin nrun4 lriiiitv i:t.jroli until lis wans cmiooio. Uliloe of ritllroad and mmiflg cora panius, of steam and other shipping, of Milearanhs, ol stoplo imports and ex rirts (itorcs and wureliousos rovvdnd ntn Uia Uislinico sua mr uio grenwr pari oa iho Jeraey ilats) next center closest nrotimt tho hnnuchil hub, at tendnd by luanntacturlng aud miscal tnneous corporations, , hi wyeri wlthuut umber, -broken, courts, iiowspapora, and, fardier up, tho importers of lor eijiu aad atrems of domustlcs maautno tures. The phvsioguomy of this part of Hit) city is rixud, ami will onlr beoom omi' pronounoou in lima uy mo urowu- di!.' out ot umau inamuaciurinr concerns nud warehouses fortho slVMrtiro of heavy products. The jolib njr trade will con limie its march up town, and parliapn bait around I he Hudson Hiver Tuuuol Depot to be opoued near V ashlngtoa Square. The retail (iry-ffoods trade, (ollowiujf liie tide of fiiaiilonalilo life, will go northward until Mopped or turned bv tho cornel of (Mntrsl Park. "After litinuos and foroisrn eumuierr a. fashionable tritdo and society will even . tnally be ttih chief feature of the cen tral eitv. 'iho! r.ontratiiation . of iru metropolitan coiumeroo, which is to mnko lower New York the London of the future, will mnkc upper Now Yotk its rariiv Ewilusive souioty ln Nonv York oau soareely be said to have any iixed and dintinot habitat at present U U la trmisulonary iodninjre, iomms about, as it were; ready poised to tak imr for some ohuiee newinrtr. weH wallud from vulgar; intrusion,- Where that qunrtor i to be, however, can hardly be a question. One suitable spot remains, and that is at oiioq so benuti ful, w isolated, and so admirably adapt-" ail. that ouo is almost cohstrnlnwl t believe Mint tho ininieplibiliUus of tlb limateil snobbery nro. not beuwnlli thc Pi ovldonco mat cares lor iiie sparrow, Koiir. or' live1 square miles have boou laid out by Nature, on tho neuiusulur upper fslremity of Iho island,. between the lluibion and tho Harlem, at nn elo ration of from titty to a hundred feet above plebeian street grades, expressly for the court" quancr oi mew iora future aristocracy. It Is a rblae aitout t mile wlile, will) nbnipt sides and ft iroad topj overlooking at once, ou sither hand, the rnnjiiiilleenoe of the Hudson beneath the Palisades, and the romantics nooks of the llarleva and Spuvten Duyvil, with the glituiring renehos of Long Island Sound; swept by tho purest nirs from land and soaj almost self-drn!gd. and dralnod again uf drainage at its bu; iuacoussiblo, la 4hort, to the odors of the conmiou world, to the heavy wheels oi commerce, and to the oaierprise of inoculative bu ldui'8." . , . . , ; Casllo Haven, In Dorchester. tn the Choptank, Is a lino old ostate and man or house, commanding' one of the most conspicuous sites iu all Maryland. The tall and Imposing home anu t suitly Lonilmrdv poplars on the law can bu seen for miles from up and down the river nnd they loom up asconspleu ous olijee's from the opposite Talbot shore. Castle IJnven, as an estate and residence, goes away back into colonial times, and, like some other old place, has hanging about it some weird and fascinating stories, . Mr. Phillip Le Ct.mpto is the occupant' of Cistle Hav en. Ho is a practical man interested In farming the ostate, and thinking in finitely more of crop! and stock than of ghosts nnd spirit. Hut the ghost has tt'aiu bum about It, nil the same, and has given on Indubitable manifes tation of his presence. Ono day last week Mrs. Leoompta was having din ner preoared in the kitchen, lining a hnvv So. D cook stove. While the dinner was preparing and the stove wa covered with boiling pots nnd kot. ties and other cooking ntcnsiU, Mrs. Leeoinple went out, leaving no one ia the kitchen. When she went back a few minutes afterward she found tnnt the stove bad been turned over nnd wm then with its legs In tho air, while tho pots nud kettles and other cooking utensils were in their proper places oa the move, but were jesting on the floor. Th fire in the stove was burning as us ual, tho boiling water In the pots and kettles staid ia and kept ou boiling, nothing had fallen from tha store or was disarranged while it was turned over, and there sat tho stove, complete ly reversed, with its feet uppermost. The stove-pipe remained in it plsoo oa the stove and in the chimney nnd was di.iwiug ns tuuid, but It had to bclakeTi off before the stove could bo righted. This stransru occurrence is the wonder of Castle Haven ".ml the whole neigh burbtwd around, Easton (Md.) Ledger. Among tbe notable brligos In the world is the ono at Langang. China, This strnatnro is some five miles Ing, end has not less than 3J0 arobes. Over the pillar of each arch reolines a lioa made out of a single blook of marble, and yet twenty-one feet long, Tbe roadway of i hit bridge is seventy tout Inn i I