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Mewl KitablUhadlMI B.rald lUbUihad IM9 Estancia, Torrance County, New Mexico, Thursday, January 1, 1920 Volume XVI No. 11 ARE TAXES TOO HIGH? A GOOD MEETING Notwithstanding the bad roads, about seventy-five business men and citizens met at the Pastime last Monday night pursuant to the call for the annual election of the Ex ecutive Committee of the Chamber of Commerce. After some lively music by Messrs. Maxwell and Shaw, the chairman called the meeting to or der and made some pointed remarks about the need for better roads and streets. The secretary reported the financial standing as follows: Total pledges for the eight months $2,103.60 Total collections up to Dec. 27th 1,279.00 Unpaid Bal. in 824.60 pledges treasury 121.21 DISBURSEMENTS Banquet and teachers' C. M. Milboum, chairman of the Board of County Commissioners, and Dixie C. Howell, County Assessor, attended the meeting held recently in Santa Fe to consider matters of taxation and expenditures.. Rates are so high that something should be done. One important action was a re commendation that the legislature pass a law giving assessors authority to visit property owners and assess property "on the spot." It is thought that this would put lots of property on the tax roll that now escapes. Among other things C. M. Mil bourn of this county, Chas. S. Toler of Roosevelt and W. G. Black of San Juan, who were appointed to consider the matter, recommended the formation of county taxpayers' associations, and suggested the fol lowing by-laws for such associations, which sufficiently explain the ob jects : I. NAME The name of this organization shall be "The Taxpayers' League of Torrance County." II. MEMBERSHIP Any person, firm, association or corporation, owning property and paying taxes in Torrance county is elligible to membership. But no county or state official shall be eli gible to hold office in the league. III. PURPOSE The purpose of the organization shall be: 1. To study the taxation system of New Mexico and the administra tion thereof in Torrance county and its political sub-divisions. 2. To aid, encourage and pro mote the observance of economy in the transactions of public business in the county. 3. To assist and cooperate with public officials of the county in tax matters. 4. To unite in securing a proper ...u u.. m.. w j Wasson Carl ty ana a iuu collection oi .axe, xor sherW00(Ji wnHe Elgjn and IraLud. luncheon 36.57 Paid stenographer - 447.50 Stationery and office sup plies 15.20 Postage - A9-01 Traveling expense 49.10 Telephone 13.10 Telegrams 16.00 R, W. Judd, pumping well 25.00 R. E. Burrus, well casing 19.00 Other well supplies 18.00 Advertising 274.31 Moving engine and build ing house 150.00 Estancia Savings Bank for typewriter 75.00 Total disbursements to Dec. 27 1,157.79 Inquiries received, 583. States represented, 23, of which Kansas and Oklahoma each fur nished 19 per cent, Missouri 16 per cent, Texas 10 per cent, Colorado 8 per cent, Montana 5 per cent.. Prof Wills made an interesting talk on the Possibilities and Oppor tunities of Estancia. Attorney F. H. Ayers followed with a strong appeal to come alive. A number of others made short talks. The election followed resulting in the following Executive Committee being elected for the ensuing year. THE GOVERNOR ON PRICES the public revenue 5. To do all things necessary and proper to carry these purposes into effect. 1T niToo j every man ni luis vitiuti, win yaj wick. Practically all present pledged to pay as much or more per month for the ensuing year as in the past. If 1 Ihia niM novi nnarii will hn nnm by the Executive . .. . . you think of. Be a Booster. Do your part. Listen for a big meeting in the near future, when we hope every body will respond, and let's present a solid front for the uplift and de velopment of this great valley. One who was there. The annual shall be fixed Committee, but shaH be limited to one-half of one per cent of the amount of taxes paid by the mem ber for the preceding year, but the minimum fee shall be $1.00. V. OFFICERS AND GOVERNING BODIES The officers shall be a President, p, Vice-President, a Secretary and Treasurer and an Executive Com mittee of five members. The Presi dent shall be ex-officio chairman of the Executive Committee. The Ex ecutive Committee shall be elected by the General Council but not necessarily from members of the Council. Their duties shall be such as usually pertain to these offices. They shall be elected to serve for two years or until their successors are elected and qualified. Vouchers for expenditures shall be drawn on lv upon authorization of the Ex ecutive Committee. Such vouchers hnll bear the signatures of the President and Secretary. There shall also be elected a gen eral council, of members, RED CROSS The regular monthly meeting of the Torrance County Chapter of the American Red Cross will be held Monday, January 5th, 1920, at 3 P. M., at Judge Wasson's office in Estancia. ' Strayed or Stolen. Two filleys, 1 bay, 1 roan, com ing three-year-olds, no marks or brands. Suitable reward for recov ery. Mrs. Bessie Moore, or notify O. C. Loveless. December 9, 1919. Circular letter of instructions to the members of the State Fair Price Commission, and to subordinate commissions established by them. Gentlemen: The object and purpose of the or ganization of the State Fair Price Commission, and subordinate com ma, is to secure a reduction in the prce of all the necessaries and commodities of life, so that in the sale thereof to the consumer the merchant selling such articles be permitted to make a fair and legiti mate profit, as distinguished from an unfair and unlawful profiteering. In the effort to. accomplish this result, the following manner of pro cedure by you is hereby suggested: First: In each city, town or set tlement, in each one of the coun ties in the state, where stores are conducted for the sale of goods, wares ana merchandise to tne gen eral public, there should be a Fair Price Committee, the chairman of which said committee shall be ap pointed by the member of the State, Fair Price Commission, in said coun ty, and the local chairman, in turn, shall appoint members of his local committee. In selecting the mem bers that are to compose these com mittees, care should be taken to ap point persons, both men and wo men, who are supposed to have a fair idea or knowledge, in a gener al way of the values of such com modities and necessaries, and who will take pains in their work, and who, in the opinion of the chair man, are best calculated, in the neighborhood of his jurisdiction, to bring about the required results. Second: The members of the commssion snouia, ana it is nereDy made their duty, to visit the sever al stores and other places of busi ness where the necessaries and com modities of life are sold to the gen eral public, and secure from the re spective managers thereof informa tion touching the actual cost to them, including overhead charges and expenses, of all such goo is, wares and merchandise as tney sen to the consumer, and in order to more accurately ascertain the cost to the merchant of such articles, the commission should demand that they be shown the invoices of such goods, wares and merchandise; then they should ascertain the - price at which the merchant sells such goods, wares and merchandise to the gen eral public, and from such informa tion they will be enabled to tell whether the merchant is making a fair or an unfair profit. If the merchant refuses to show his in voices, that, in itself, is a good in dication that he is making an un fair profit, and that fact should be widely published, so that the public in general may know it. Third: If it appears that the profit made by the merchants is unreasonably high and unfair to the general public, the Commission should so inform the merchant, and induce him to bring his prices down to a reasonable profit. The commission should inform him that the making of such unfair and unreasonable profits, would render him liable to prosecution and pun ishment under the Federal Food Control Act, of August 10, 1917, and the subsequent amendments thereto. And should the merchant still insist on maintaining such high, unreasonable prices, he should be immediately reported, both to the Governor and to the United States District Attorney. Fourth: After ascertaining the cost to the merchant of all neces saries and commodities, and the price at which the merchant is sell ing, a list of such articles, showing the total cost to the merchant, and the selling price thereof by him, should be published in the local newspapers for the general informa tion of the people, and if there be no newspaper published in the lo cality, public meetings should be held and there inform the people of these facts. In many places the federal gov ernment is now selling all neces saries and commodities to the gen eral public practically at cost, which is far below what retailers are, as a rule, charging the consumer. If no other means avail to secure a reduction of prices to a reasonably fair profit to the dealer, the com mission should state to the mer chants that an application will be made by them to the federal gov ernment for the establishment of a government depot or store, where these goods shall be sold to the con sumers. If such a step becomes necessary in the opinion of the com mission, thev should so notify me and I will make application to the government for the establishment of a government store in such plac- It is presumed that local deal ers will not drive the people to such action, which if carried out would mean bankruptcy to them. Fifth: Public meetings should be held in every community, at which the cost of living should be fully discussed. One line of conduct that would necessarily bring about the desired results would be, to advise the people at such meetings that they should not buy at such high prices anything whatever, except sunh articles as are absolutely m- dispensible. In the line of clothing, for instance, men, women, boys and girls should be advised to wear their old clothes, and their old shoes, as long as they are possibly serv- icablc, in preference to replacing them at an exorbitant price. If this line of conduct is observed, and merchants see that their goods re main on the shelves, they will be forced to the conclusion that it is best for them to sell the goods at reasonable profit, rather than to let them rot on the shelves. Another course, which in the ..L IJ opinion ot intelligent men wumu answer a good purpose, would be this: If the retail merchants, who make an unreasonable profit, can not be induced to lower their prices then the heads of families should get togethe and make as large a cash fund as possible, and buy the necessary articles for consumption at wholesale prices in Chicago, and have them shipped to them at a considerably less cost than they can buy them at home. This course, would, of course, be ruinous to the local merchant, and it is not desired that it should be adopted, except as a measure of laet resort. The several measures for relief herein suggested, are not intended to exclude any other lawful meth ods, which in the opinion of the Fair Price Committees, would be calculated to bring about the de sired results; but they are at liber ty to adopt such other legal meas ures as they may deem proper. Sixth: The chairman of the lo cal committees in the various coun ties, shall report monthly to the member of the State Fair Price Committee in their respective coun ties, upon the progress that they have made, and the success, or lack of success, that they have met with. The member of the State Fair Price Committee in each county, in turn, shall report monthly to the Govern or, showing in like manner what progress and what success, or the lack thereof, along these lines, has been made in his county. The line of conduct indicated in this circular letter was adopted and approved at a meeting held at San ta Fe, New Mexico, at my request, on the third day of the present month of December, at which said meeting there were present several district attorneys in the state, the Attorney General of the State, and the special assistant to the United States Attorney General, and it is sincerely hoped that for the public welfare, the Fair Price Commissions will take interest in their work, so that some measure of relief may be secured for the people of the state at large. I am, Very respectfully yours, O. A. LARRAZOLO, Governor of New Mexico. The Officers and Directors of the Eslancia Savings Bank desire to express their appre ciaton to their many custom ers of the business entrusted to them during the pasl year, and to wish for YOU in 1 920, the Biggest, Brightest and Besl of all the years that have gone before. ran Committee. The Executive Committee of the nn association may employ a Director, district, who shall who shall be an expert in govern tovii 1 , , , . . ,;ti, th Executive Committee ment economics and who may be IIICCV T,, - - ..- 1 1. of the President or aiscnargea at any ume uy oui;n EvixMit vc Committee, wnicn saia --"i i- ,.,. l rnnncil shall be advisory' to duties shall be: 1U fofivo rnmmittee. ' The 1- To cause all notices to uie t.v.. .,...,. - .. , nf the ireneral counc 1 so servea on tne omcers iim urcmuu. i fmm each school district of the association as herein provid. l It l. nhnirmnn of anv lofftl com- Ud. Minn i . - i . . ....... .i, ti., i the districts represented - e Bhaii supervise, an pumici- respectively, which may ty issued or used by the associa be formed to worn in conjunction uun, aim, iui iuu irai -vn wit'i this League and shall repre- employ such assistance and mediums t the business of the association in the districts where they reside. Powers of Executive Committee, Thn Executive Committee snail have power: (a) To call special meetings of tiir. o-pncral council or oi the as- I STANDING ORDER TO THE EDITOR OF "NEWS HERALD" Increase this space to keep pace with our growth. 666 J. N. BURTON, Cashier. A THOROUGHGOING THIEF Win, Winkel of Duran was in Es tancia several days during the past week, and tells a very interesting story of robbery, pursuit and cap ture. To begin at the beginning, several weeks ago a young man giving the name of Roy Armic came to the ranch of Mr. Winkel near Duran in company with another young man, and asked for work. He needed help and gave them work. After a short time Armic disap peared, and with him a horse, sad dle and bridle, chaps and spurs, a fur overcoat, a $40 tailor made suit of clothes, two Winchester rifles, with 104 rounds of ammunition, $32 in money, some jewelry and small articles, Leo Winkel's check book and bank deposit slips and discharge from the U. S. military service. Mr. Winkel took up the search and after thirteen days located his man in the Broncho neighborhood, where he was passing himself as Leo Winkel. Mr. Winkel was materially aided locating and holding his man un til the sheriff's arrival by John H. Royal and D. R. Linville, After making sure that he had his man rounded up Mr. Winkel notified Sheriff Baca, who went out and ar- KNAB A BANK That offers their experience and strength for years past, and establish your banking relations with us a bank that can and will take care of conservative and progres sive customers. Come to us, and if you are from Mis souri, come in and we will show you. THE FIRST NATIONALBANKOF WILLARD, N. M. H. B. Jones, Pres. ED. DICKEY, Cashier mittees in by them, of publicity as may be necessary. He shall be present upon and act as secretary of all meetings of the Executive Committee. VI. These articles and by-laws may he renealed or amended and new ;; whpn deemed necessary or by-laws may oe aaopteu v icB. -J...K1. ular meeting of the association, or UVIWU, I .. .. Al. 1J 1.1 t nn, nf nnrt remove at I an V other meeting uiereu tnucu I II I A.M I - . i.M oil agents and employe of for that purpose, and by the af- i ii J.. ei t: t i n mainrilv il till .u .cow ntinn. Drescnoe ineir au- urinative u . r - uic ' i ,. fiv .heir compensation, and re- members present, persunmijr ! miira from them security for faith- i ful service. tú) To conduct, manage control the affairs and WISHING all our friends and customers a happy and prosperous New Year, and assuring you of our aid for the coming season in ev ery legitimate line of banking, and thanking you for the gen . erous patronage that has made this bank the leading banking institution of the county, we EX-SERVICE MEN All ex-service men are requested to send their names, postoffice ad dress, serial number, and date of draft or enlistment and discharge to the Home Service Secretary at Es- it is desired to rested him. Most of Mr. Winkel's property ex cept the money was recovered, the loss aside from the cost of the chase being about $50. As soon as the young man who , ....i. ' . : XT n fume to winners Willi armic irui lam-ia, ii. ., m wind of the arrest he decamped and have a record of all Torrance coun has not been seen since. ty boys. Armic was taken before Justice Lobb at Willard, where he entered j Strayed or Stolen, a plea of guilty and was sent to From my place 3 miles northwest iait to await the action of the grand j of Estancia, 5 colts, 1 to 3 years jury, bail bejng fixed at $2,000. FARMERS, We are not wise enough or foolish enough to attempt to advise the farm ers whether it is best to hold or sell his beans, anil without any attempt at advising, we merely wish to inform our customers and friends that we will advance them sufficient money on their beans when properly stored and Insured to take care of any pressing obligation that they may have. If we can be of any aid in this matter call or write ns. Farmers and Stoek- old 2 blacks, 2 bays, 1 sorrel. Liberal reward for recovery. J. M. Johnston. Regutered Hogt. I have for sale Big Bone Poland China bred gilts. Also a few males and pigs. Best blood in country. Write me your wants. H. L. An drews, Mountainair, N. M. FARM LOANS If you want a long time farm loan see me. I represent one of the old est loan companies operating in the west. Neal Jenson. sented in eases of associations, firms and corporations. and VII. MEETHNGS business of Annual meetings of this orgamza- are Yours truly, . . . i i I,. i ii 1 U.U 4hi annnntl I the League, and to mane ruies ana tion snau oe imu - ihemfor. not lnconsist-1 Monday in -" i Ktvrial meetines shall he neia at reeulations ent with these by-laws. All vacancies in any office, whether caused by resignation, re moval or otherwise, shall be filled by appointment by the Executive the call of the Executive Committee. Meetings of the Executive Commit tee shall be held at the will of the President. FARMERS ANO STOCKMENS BANK0' We are proving all the name implies. ancia Happy New Year! When making New Year's Resolutions be sure to make those whereby you will be benefitted. JA good one would be-to come in and look around. QThis will be followed by- another good one-that you will come again. IThen before you know it you will get the habit, if you do not happen to be one of our regular customers. ITO "OUR CUSTOMERS-Resolve to make this store your headquarters at all times during the Entire Year. Yours for a Prosperous 1 920, Estancia Lumber Co. \n\n niens HanK, estancia.