Newspaper Page Text
Sl.w. BstablUhadtMH Har.ld KiMblUhedlH Estancia, Torrance County, New Mexico, Thursday, January 8, 1920 Volume XVI No. 12 HEY! II FARMERS (From New Mexico Farm Courier.) So far as any reliable information that we have been able to obtain is concerned, the banner, for the lar gest yield of beans ever grown in New Mexico, is to be given to P. A. Shope and William Haas of Luna county, who during the 1919 season, made an average yield of 2,212.6 pounds per acre on eight acres. There is no secret about the suc cess of this remarkable yield. The meinocis employed by the growers are everywhere recognized as scien tifically correct principles of farm ing. The only difference between Shope and Haas and the average farmer is that these two men be lieved in these principles with a vengeance and the results show that they were correct. The four contributing factors to this remarkable yield are: 1. A determination on the part of the growers to produce 2,000 pounds per acre. 2. Thorough tillage. 3. Careful preparation of seed. 4. Strenuous effort to obtain a 100 per cent stand. Some people may ask, "What has determination got to do with pro ducing a certain yield per acre?" We reply, "That it has Everything to do with it." Last year Mr. Shope grew 1,500 pounds of beans per acre. He learned something in grow ing that crop and said to himself, "I can grow 2,000 pounds per acre next year." His will to do this thing compelled him to take advan tage of every possible resource, both natural and artificial. Without this determination the result could not have been obtained. Second. His method of tillage was thorough. Six acres of this ground was new, being leveled dur ing the winter and spring. After leveling the following order of op erations was pursued: Plowing toa depth of from eight to nine inches, listing, irrigating, harrowing,( plant ing in the furrow, harrowing again, and cultivating four times and part of the crop six times. The crop was irrigated twice after planting by pump irrigation and once by a torrential rain. As soon as one cul tivation was finished, the growers immediately began at the beginning and cultivated their entire acreage again whether the crop appeared o need the cultivation or .not. The writer was on the place several times during the season and at no time could he see a single weed. Third. The preparation of the seed was the best. After the beans . were recleaned with a first-class cleaning machine, the growers spent 36 hours in hand picking 300 pounds. Only plump and fully matured beans were selected and these were then inoculated with nitrogen-fix-ing bacteria. This assured an even and vigorous germination and even ripening. Fourth. Using the utmost care in the preparation of seed, the fourth factor, a 100 per cent stand was pretty well guaranteed. However "a torrential rain and flood on July 13 killed about all of the plants on two acres of their first planting and this land had to' be replanted. Also the same rain fell immediately after the planting of the last two acres and the ground became so crusted that a perfect stand was not ob tained and on these last two acres the yield was only 1,250 pounds per acre. If we should leave these last two acres out of the reckoning, the six remaining acres yielded 2,608 pounds to the acre. The irrigation was done by pump ing the water from a well. This is the most expensive method of irri gation: and on this farm, because the entire acreage tilled was small, comnared with the investment in the pumping machinery, it made the cost per acre run much higher than the average pumping plant charge per acre if the county. A summary of the detailed cost charges are as follows: I. Overhead Charge' 1. Land and land improve ment per acre $10.10 2. Irrigation, pumping plant . rhnrce Der acre 16.25 3. Farm implement charge, per acre 2-07 i Building charge per acre.. .78 5. Miscellaneous charge per 01 COUNTY PRIZE WINNERS IN CLUB WORK FOR 1919 Below are the names of those who won county prizes during the past year: Cooking Club Donnie Addington I Lucy District. Sewing Club Rosa Davis, Estan cia District. Pig Club Major Dean, Estancia District. Bean Club Claude Brown, Fair view District. Corn Club Maurine Rogers, Round Mound District. Poultry Club Lawrence Bledsoe, Willard District. I Gardening and Canning Club Byron Hodgson, Mestinito District. Rabbit Club Fields Walpole, Es tancia District. The prize winners in the first five clubs will be given a free trip of one week to the State College and will be given 1 tome special training in their line of work. This Club Encampment is sched uled for January 12-17. Nellie Williams, a county prize winner in both Cooking and Sewing for 1918, will also attend the encampment. In ' determining these prizes it must be understood that these mem bers were not granted the County Championship on their exhibit or yield only, but there were three other items considered. ESTANCIA SCHOOL NEWS Those on the Honor Roll in the third and fourth grades this month are as follows: Ocariz Schubert, Laurence Manker, Vern Piggott, Imagene McGee. There were many absences on account of sickness this month. Miss Morgan has started the dumb bell and physical culture work in the third, fourth,1 fifth and sixth grades. We wish to thank the people who so kindly contributed to our collec tion of records for the Brunswick. Those who brought records are as follows: Kenneth Lane, Faye Lane, Evelyn Croft, Daisy Jim Daugherty, Corinne Williams, Milton Howe, Ed gar and Ernest Ayers, Kenneth Green. Miss Weddige has been ill with the mumps. A number of others in the high school have been absent on account of illness. Gilford Guest is back again with plenty of "pep." Myrtle Chandler is teaching this week. Everybody is busy cramming, sigh ing and losing hope, for semester exams, begin, Wednesday. But we have one consolation and that is in the box supper Friday night, The show given by Mr. Stubble- field for the school children last Friday night was eertalnly good. The pupils of Estancia schools wish to thank Mr. Stubblefield for his kindness and interest. Tbe new furnace is in at last and the radiators are all in use. Steam heat certainly feels good these frosty mornings. The students of Estancia high school have at last gotten their pen nant up. It is gold and black and we think it is splendid. The Seniors have ordered their class pins and expect them in soon. THE SPECIAL SESSION , The Red Cross Executive Commit tee has accepted the resignation of Mrs. Jameson as Home Service Sec retary, and appointed Dr. A. M. Par rett to fill the place. acre Total overhead, per acre. .$28. 21 II. Direct ChargM. 1. Labor, 526 man hours at 44 cents per hour and 720 horse hours "at 8 cents per hour, per acre $36.80 , Material charge, including seed, inoculation material, sacks, fuel and lubrication for pumping, per acre 10.37 , Cash charge, including use of cleaning machinery and selling, per acre 5.16 Why should a special session of the legislature be held?" asks the Taxpayers' Association of New Mex ico. The answer to this question will depend upon the point of view of the individual to whom the ques tion is addressed. Among the an swers thus far suggested are the following: 1. ' To ratify the Federal Amend ment granting women the right to vote. ' z. io enact, legislation giving the executive power in certain emergencies similar to those arising in connection with the recent coal strike. 3. To provide means for investi gation of and control over prices charged the consumer for the nec essities of life. 4. To grant state aid in the matter of soldiers settlement. 5. To provide for traveling ex penses for county assessors. 6. To provide for a minimum of $1200 per annum for teachers' sal aries. 7. To fix a county tax levy for health and sanitation and for a paid county sanitary officer. 8. To issue bonds or certificates of indebtedness to build an addition to the capítol building. Appeals from state institutions and various departments of the state government have been presented for ncreased appropriations. Each in dividual and official, of course, feels that the work in which he is inter ested is the one important need. That the needs exist are beyond ar gument, but the relative importance of needs are subject to considera tion. It is well that the date for calling the special session has been postponed as the taxpayers general ly will have time in which to learn of the purposes of the session and to discuss their urgency. As to the expenses of the session, the traveling expenses of members will amount to about $3500 and the additional expenses will average ap proximately $600 daily. A three day session would therefore cost approximately $5000; a ten day ses sion would cost nearly $10,000; and a thirty day session would cost about $21,000. . Reviewing the measures above mentioned, it will be noted that greater expenditure are involved in many of them requiring increases in tax levies which for state and county levies of 1919 are in excess of 1918 levies by an average of 42 percent ranging from 15 per cent to 84 per cent. The taxpayer is now paying between three and four per cent - upon his assessed value. One mill upon the dollar of valua tion is a small matter, but adding mill to mill multiplies the rate as our present extraordinary increase clearly indicates. Hence it is to the taxpayer's interest to give consid eration to the demands made for DIED ' The many friends of little Doris Belle . Campbell were shocked at noon New Year's day to hear that the little, girl was no more. She had her lunch bucket ready to go to school but her mother de cided she did not look well, and told her to remain at home. She loved to attend school and began to cry to go with the other children. In her mouth she held a tin whistle and this was sucked into her wind pipe. As she seemed to suffer no inconvenience from the accident it was decided that the toy had passed into her stomach. Her mother and grandmother gave the child some home remedy and she seemed to be all right. After about two hours she suddenly became very sick, suf fering for want of breath, and though she threw up a quantity of blood, failed to dislodge the toy. All was done for her that loving hands could do, but after an hour's excruciating paih she passed away before they could get in touch with doctor, Her death was such a shock to her parents and brothers and sisters it seemed that it was more than hu man hearts could stand. Her relatives were telegraphed at once and though her little body lay at her Grandfather Campbell's till Sunday he was not able to get there intime for the funeral, having gone to Texas on a similar mission. G. Campbell and wife, D. A. Camp bell and wife arrived in time, but missed the telegram and were igno rant of the sad accident till in formed by friends in Estancia. This death, following so closely the death of her aunt in Seattle makes the burden harder to bear.- We will all miss little "John Henry" as we loved to call the lit tle bright-eyed darling. Funeral services were conducted at the residence of G. W. Campbell by W. H. Ligon, assisted by W. S. Buckner, after which the body was taken to Estancia where it was laid to rest. Doris Belle is the second daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Campbell of Cedar Grove. The many friends of the family extend sympathy. BAPTIST CHURCH Sunday school at 10:00 A. M., Prof. Trentman, Superintendent. Preaching Sunday 11:00 A. M. and 7:15 P. M. B. Y. P. U. 6:00 P. M. Ladies' Aid Monday 2.30 P. M. Conference Saturday 11:00 A. M. Important business. Come to all these services. W. C. GRANT, Pastor. various purposes and to weigh care fully their relative importance. A special session is justified only by some emergency and it is pertinent to inquire what one, or more pur poses, of those mentioned, demands a special session for their realiza tion. Some of these needs and pur poses are apparently not so pressing that they would have been urged at this time except for the need or needs that constitute the emergency to be met by a special session. Total direct charge $52.33 This made a total . overhead and direct charge per acre of $81.54. On a yield of 2,112.2 per acre, this is 3.9 cents per pound for the cost of production. The cost per acre in growing this crop is exceedingly nign ana naa the growers not obtained more than the average yield, estimated at 900 pounds per acre, the cost per pound would be 9.6 cents per pound and the crop would be a losing proposition. The difference, however, between growing ,112.0 pounas per acre and only 900 pounds per acre is the difference between practicing scientifically correct principles of farming or practicing these princl plea half-heartedly. A. C. HEXMAN. (If any New Mexico farmer has raised a larger yield of beans than the one cited above, we should be glad to have him write us the de tails in regard to it. Editor.) STANDING ORDER TO THE EDITOR OF "NEWS HERALD" Increase this space to keep pace with our growth. 666 J. N. BURTON, Cashier. . A Small ' Investment Does not necessarily mean just interest, when wisely placed. Crops fail for many reasons. Harvest comes but once" in twelve months. A GOOD COW brings a WEEKLY dividend. If you have part of the money to buy a good DAIRY cow, or. a pure bred pig, we will furnish the BALANCE. Such an investment wjll pay you as much and possibly more than 100 per cent annually, arid means a weekly income and compound interest fifty-two times a year. It also means that you are on the road to financial success, and that, you have helped us to install a permanent and very profit able industry in this valley, that will mean a competence to our .people when all else fails. THINK THIS OVER. Our first duty is to serve this community and help you and your neighbor to success. Your success means a huge success for us. - FARMERS AND STOCKMENS BANK0' nda We are proving all the name implies. NEW MEXICO WOMEN IN PUBLIC LIFE In view of the fact that the ex pected session of the state legisla ture will probably ratify the Federal Suffrage Amendment and that the women of the state may have com plete political equality with men by the time of the November elections, it is interesting to note that New Mexico women have already made 1 it 1 piates ior inemseivcs and tneir in terests in the public life of the state. Mrs. Josie Lockhard is a member of the State Board of Education, Mrs: Hallett Reynolds is a Regent of the Normal University and Mrs. Adelina Otero-Warren is Chairman of the State Board of Health, while there are five women members of the State Child Welfare Board and five on the Girl's Welfare Board. The State Librarian and the State Di rector of Industrial Education are women, and all the Governors for the last decade and more have re lied upon the expert assistance of Miss Clara Olsen who has been the Governor's private secretary for many years. Naturally the women are especially interested in educa tional matters, and ten counties have recognized the work of women by making them county superintendents of schools, while twenty-two others are serving on county boards of edu cation. One hundred and thirteen women are members of school dis trict boards and many others are acting as rural supervisors, home economics directors and assistants to county agents. The legislative work done by New Mexico women extends over a space of only a few years, but consider able has been accomplished in that short time. The record should be gin with the work of Mrs. W. E. Lindsey who induced members of the Constitutional Convention to in clude the clause giving women suff rage in school elections. Mrs. Lind sey, Mrs. A. A. Kellam and Mrs. Otero-Warren served in turn as chairman of the legislative depart ment of the State Federation of Women's Clubs, and aided by the in terested women of the state, have succeeded in securing some excellent legislation. The laws secured large ly by the work of women include the raising of the age of consent, the repeal of the act which permit ted the husband to dispose of com munity real estate without the con sent of the wife, the creation of Juvenile Courts, the act providing for the care of dependent and neg lected children, the creation of Child Welfare and Girl's Welfare Boards; while the Prohibition Amendment and the State Department of Health owe their existence largely to the interest and efforts of women. Those men who have worried as to the effect of the vote and office- holding of women in the public life of the state may relieve their minds by glancing over this summary of what has been accomplished by them in the past. The home, the school, civic housekeeping, the conditions surrounding women and children- these will continue to occupy the attention of wives and mothers, and they will find in the suffrage, not a new and uncharted sea of respon sibility, but a tool which will make their public work easer of accom plishment, whether it be in the com munity, the state or the nation. ENTERING THE NEW YEAR WITH RESOURCES OF OVER $200,000.00, WITH OUR DIVIDEND NO. 24 OF 5 PER CENT, AND IN ADDITION .THERETO THE SETTING ASIDE FOR HJTURE INTER EST ITEMS AND THE PAYMENT OF ALL TAXES IN EXCESSS OF $1,200 HAVING BEEN RESERVED; AND WITH DEPOSITS ON THE INCREASE AS THEY HAVE BEEN FOR THE PAST THREE MONTHS, MAKES THE OUTLOOK FOR 1920 ONE OF THE BEST OF OUR TWELVE YEARS OF SUCCESS. WE WANT YOU TO BE WITH US TO HELP YOU MAKE THE NEW YEAR ONE OF THE BIGGEST AND BEST OF THE MANY YEARS THAT HAVE GONE BEFORE. 5 B A S K KNAB A BANK That offers their experience and strength for years past, and establish your banking relations with us a bank that can and will take care of conservative and progres sive customers. Come to us, and if you are from Mis souri, come in and we will show you. THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF WILLARD, N. M. H. B. Jones, Pres. P1 ED. DICKEY, Cashier CHAMBER OF COMMERCE MEETS The newly elected executive com mittee of the Estancia Chamber of Commerce met January 6th, 1020, at the office of the secretary. Pres ent, Elgin, Sherwood, Wills, Lud wick, Williams and Corbin. Chair called for an election of officers, resulting in the following: B. G. Wills, President; Willie Elgin, Vice President; H. C. Williams, Treasurer, and Ira L. Ludwick, Secretary. Treasurer reported funds in bank as follows: Farmers and Stock men's Bank, $106.44; Estancia Sav ings Bank, $166.77. Total, $273.21. Then came the discussion of the proposed organization of the Tor rance County Taxpayer's League. John Corbin was appointed chair man of hc committee to investi gate this and report at next meet ing. Motion made and carried that the Chamber express itself as fav orable to the $2,000,000 bond issue for roads, providing that the High- Way Committee will make a com ! prehensive report as to the roads to I be improved, methods of construc tion and maintenance and give an !idea of the overhead charges on same. Secretary reported total unpaid 'subscriptions $420.50. I Shenvood offered a motion that jthe chair appoint a Boy Scout Com jmitteo to assist in the organization tion carried. Chair appointed Lud wick, Elgin, and Wasson on this committee. ! Ou motion the first and third j Tuesday nights of each month were I set as the regular meeting nights for the Chamber. j All business men are invited to be present at any time and enter i in the various discussions. Dr. Parrett has been appointed census enumerator for this precinct outside of Estancia, and Mrs. Mason for Estancia. Dr. Parrett has ap pointed J. A. Brittain to do the work for him. ESHI Ladies' Coats These coats are not just manufactured, but artistically created, and they are priced right. An unusually fine assortment, from $24.50 to $69,50. UP-TO-THE-MINUTE STYLES Another shipment of shoes unpacked shoes for the stylishly dressed lady, for the well dressed young man, for Dad, big Sis, and shoes the kiddies like best. Estancia Lumber Co.