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Nassau County leader. [volume] (Fernandina, Fla.) 1925-19??, October 18, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn95026701/1918-10-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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< J Pow Poi11 llMr II Nr tr rO C 0 9 March 19 19FlorKU N
1 FlorKU Holm HolmFERNANDINA 11 011 011t 011FERNANDINA <
S 4
U S SPublic Public Health Service Issues IssuesOfficial IssuesOffi
4 Official Offi ial Health Bulletin Bulletinon
on Influenza InfluenzaLATEST InfluenzaLATEST InfluenzaLATEST
Epidemic Probably Not NotSpallh Spanish In InOrigin InOriginGerm InOriginGerm
Origin OriginGerm Germ Still Unknown UnknownPeo UnknownPeot Peo People ¬
t pie ShouldGuard Should Guard Against Droplet DropletInfection DropletInfectlon8 DropletInfectlonSurgeon
Infection Infectlon8 InfectlonSurgeon Surgeon rgeon General Blue BlueMakes BlueMake BlueMakes
Makes Authoritative Statement StatementA StatementWashington StatementWashlngtoo StatementWaslilngtop
Washington D G oSpe CSpeelaLAI CSpeelaLAIthough Special < la1AI la1AIthough Al Although ¬
though King Alfonso of Spain was wasone WMone wuone
one of the victims of the Influenza epi epidemic epidemic PLIdenilc ¬
demic In 1893 and again this summer summerSpanish BummcrSIIItuish sumnierSlianish
Spanish authorities repudiate any anyclaim anyclaim anyclaim
claim to Influenza as a Spanish dis disease disease dhiease ¬
ease IT the people of this country do donot dooot donot
not take care the theepldetnh epidemic will be become hetome become ¬
come so widespread throughout theUllltcd the theUnited theUnited
United States Stat s that soon we shall hear hearthe hearthe hearthe
the disease dl > > caHU called American Inllu Inlluenza Inlluenza lulluenza
enza enzalu enzaIn enzaIn
In response to a request for definite deOniteInformation definiteInformation definiteInformation
Information concerning Spanish influ influenza InOuenzu luflueuza ¬
enza Surgeon General Itupert Blue of ofthe oftbe ofthe
the U S Public Health Service has hasauthorized husauthorized hasautborized
authorized the following official official inter interview luterview interview ¬
view viewWhat
What it I Spanish Influenza II It Itsomething Itomethlng Itsomething
something new new7 Doe It come from fromSpain frompain
Spain SpainThe BpalnThe painThe
The disease now occurring In this thiscountry thiscountry thiscountry
country and called Spanish > > b Influen Influenza ¬
za resembles a very contagious kind kindof kindot kindS
S of cold accompanied by fever pains painss painsCoughs
A 3 s Coughs and Sneezes SneezesSpread Sneezessprea SneezesSpread
Spread l Diseases DiseasesShell
As DIna Non h ° n ha Shell Shellin 5 5In
in the bead eyes ears ea back or other otherparts otberparts otherparts
parts of the body ant and a feeling of se severe set sovera ¬
t vera vere Blckneas In most of the cases ca es the thesymptoms thesymptoms thesymptOflis
symptoms disappear after three or four fourdays fourdayB fourdays
days the patient then rapidly recover recovering recoverIng recoverlog ¬
ing Some of the patients however howeverdevelop howeverdevelop howeverdevelop
develop pneumonia orInflammation orInflammationof or Inflammationof
of the ear or meningitis and many of ofthese ofthese ofthese
these complicated cases die Whether Whetherthis WhetherthIs Vhiethierthis
this socalled Spanish Influenza In uenza Is IsIdentical IsIdentical IsIdentical
Identical with the epidemics > of Influen Influenza ¬
za of earlier years Is not yet et known knownEpidemics knownpldem knownEpidemics
Epidemics pldem 8 of influenza Inftue 7 have visited visitedthis visitedthle visitedthis
this country since 147 It Is Interest InterestIng Interestlog interestIng
Ing to know that this flrst rst epidemic epidemicwas
was brought here from Valencia
Spain Since that time there have bavebeen havebeen havebeen
been numerous epidemics of tho dis disease dl dltlgl disease ¬
ease tlgl In 1889 and 18JX an epidemic epidemicof
of Influenza starting somewhere in the theOrient theq theOrient
q Orient spread first Jto to Russia and andthence andtll andp
p thence tll nce over practically the entire clv clvlllzid clvllIzld civiliztd
lllzid world Three years ears later there therewas therewus therewus
wus another flareup of the disease diseaseHotb diseaseBotb dLseaeRoth
Roth times tho epidemic spread wide widely ¬
ly over the United States StatesAlthough StntesAlthough StatesAlthough
Although the present epidemic Is Iscalled Iscalled Ist
t called Spanish Influenza there Is HO HOreason 80reason aoreason
reason to believe that It originated d In InSpain InSpain InSpain
Spain Some writers who have studied studiedthe
the question believe bell ve e that the epidemic epidemiccame
came from the Orient and they calt at attention attention attentlon ¬
tention to the fact that thejGermans thejGermansmention the theGermansmention GermaDs GermaDsmention
mention the disease as occurring along alongthe alongthe alongthe
the eastern eost m front fronttn In the summer Bummeranc1 Bummeranc1tall and andfall andS
S fall of 1917How 1917 1917How 1917How
How can SpanUhlnfluenza Spanlah lnfluenza be reo reoannlzcd reoAnnhredf riominnlzed
There is as yet no certain way wa In Inwhich Inwblch inwhich
which a single case of Spanish Influ Influenza Influenza Influenza ¬
enza can be recognized On the oth other other other ¬
er band recognition Is easy where wherethere wherotbere wherethere
there Is a group of cases In contrast contrastto
to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs coughsand coughsand coughsand
and colds which usually occur In the thecold thecold thecold
cold months epidemics of Influenza Influenzamay Influenzamay influenzamay
may occur at any season of the year yearThus yearThus Clr ClrThu
Thus the present epidemic raged most mostIntensely mostintenSely mostIntensely
Intensely In Europe In May June and andJuly andJuly andJuly
July Moreover In the case of ordi ordinary ordlnal1 ordinary ¬
nary colds the general symptoms symptomsfever symptomsfever symptomsfever I
fever pain depression are by no nomeans nomeans I
means as severe or as sudden In their theironset thllronset theironset I
onset as they are in Influenza Final Finally Finally ¬
ly ordinary colds do not spread spreadthrough IVreadthrough spreadroogh
through roogh the community so sonpldlJ rapidly or orgo orso
go extensively as does Influenza InfluenzaIn Inftu nza nzaIn
In most cases a person l1ersontak taken n sick sickwith sickwith lckwith
with Influenza feels sick rather sud suddenly suddenhy ud ¬
I Idenl
denly He feels weak has pains In the theeyes theere thceye
eyes ears head or back antI may be besore besore I IlOre
sore all over Many patients feel feeldizzy feeldluy feeldizzy
dizzy some vomit Most of the pa patients pntl patlents ¬
tients tl nts complain of feeling chiLly and andwith andwith andwith
with this comes a fever in which the thetemperature th thtemperature thetemperature
temperature rises to 100 to 104 In Inmost InmOlt Ininoit
most case the pulse remains relative relatively ¬
ly slow slowIn slowIn slowIn
In appearance one Is struck by the thefact thefact thefact
fact that the patient looks sick Ills Hiseyes IllsJH IllsZ
eyes Z andjhe be tanerslde tDn JI flLhuieyeJldji r 1ellda
nlay uTa De n slightly hloodbhot hfi bfi IC oF orgfittd VoiT VoiTgested < eoiTgsted
gested as the doctors say There Theremay ThereIJIIIY Therenaiy
may be running from the nose or orthere orthere orthere
there may tIIn l lie e some cou cothi h These The signs signsof
of a cold may IUn not l he > e marked nmrie never nevertheless r rI ¬
4 theless the patient lools and feels very verysick verysick cr crsick
I sick
In addition 81111 ion to the appearance and andthe onl1the atidthe
the symptoms ns already describedexamination tJtscrllwcJI described JEeribedexfthiIlnaton
examination of If the patients ItI Mood may mayaid IOU IOUnld lflH3aid
I aid the physician ph 81c11111 in recognizing rtl Span Spanish Sp SpanI n nI ¬
ish Influenza for UI it lias I hia illS been found foundt
t in this disease the number of ofIte oflie ofIte
Ite corpuscles shows sIio little or no In Inease Incuse Inease
ease above the normal It is possi possible pO5slhie IossItile ¬
tile that the laboratory III I II In It IIrr Investigations Investigationsnow
now being made through the National NationalResearch National1testa lItlonnlItt
I Research Itt 1testa > slnrch rch Council amj 21111 the United UnitedStates UultedStll Uni ted tedSin
States Sin hs Ilygionir laboratory LuIHIIIICII wilPTiir wilPTiirnlsli wllrfllrnlsh svilPfnrnishi
nlsli n more certain way W1 in which Imll 111111I
I viiliial cas eases > s of this disease ran un be berecognized btr berecoL
recognized recognizedWffttls r recoL recoLWlfatIs II IIwmiels l
Wffttls the course of the disease diseaseDo dlsease1Do
Do people die of it itOrdinarily itOrdinarily
I Ordinarily Orcllna rlly the th fever lasts from fromthree fromHarIc fromthree
three to four days and the pat pJllfnt Ion t re rerovers rcmtrs rerovers
rovers But while the proportion of ofdeath 0 0t1tlIth oCI4II1hIs
death In the present epidemic has hasgenerally hnsgelll hasgenertilly
generally gelll llIy been low In some places the thej I lieI
I outbreak has been severe and deaths deathshave deathsI deathshave
have boon numerous When death oc occurs ocCurs occurs ¬
curs it Is usually the result of a com cornillentlon complication ¬
plication IllIlltllonI plicationWhat illentlonWhat
I What causes C the disease and how Is Isit I Iit Isit
it spreaff spreaffIactcrlolojrlsts aprealJ1j aprealJ1Hwtrlnlnlsts sprea7Iarteriologists
Iactcrlolojrlsts who have studied In Influenza InIhllnm influitiia ¬
fluenza epidemics In tho past have havefound 1m havefound 0 0fo
found fo 11111 I In many of the CUSPS a very verySmall veryRlllnll verySniall
Small rodshaped germ culled after Its Itsdiscoverer lisdhwotrer itsI
discoverer I Ifeiffers PfeI ffers bacillus mel I I us In I ii other othercasts ntlwreusts 01 her herczisls
casts of apparently tilt same kind of ofdisease nfdlstnse ofdisease
disease there t were found pneuniocnccl pneuniocncclthe
the germs of lobar pneumonia Still Stillothers Stillothers tlll tlllothers
others have been caused uu ec1 by strepto streptococci slr streptocteel plo plooed ¬
oed < and by others germs with long longnames loniflumes longimines
names namesNo flumesNo iminesNo
No matter mutt < r what particular kind of ofgerm otgerm ofgerm
germ causes the epidemic It Is now nowbelloved nowhelleclJ nowbelieved
believed that Influenza Influenzam m Is always alwaysspread uhus811ftIII1 alwaysspreii1
spread from person to person the thegerms thegtrms thegerms
germs being carried with the air along alongwith nlnn nlnnwllh nlingvitti
with the very small droplets of mucus mucusexpelled mucusexptlIed aiicusexiwhied
expelled by coughing or sneezing suecingforceful slIeezlngforceful sneezingforceful
forceful talking and nlll the like by one onewho 0110who onewho
who already has the germs of the Ills disease IllsefiseThey useise ¬
ease efiseThey They may also alsobe be carried about aboutlnthe ahoutIn aboutinthe
lnthe In the air In the form of ofdust dust coming comingfrom corningfr comingfrom
from fr m dried mucus from coughing and andsneezing nnelflnN andsneezing
sneezing flnN zlllg or from careless carelesspeople people who whospit whospit whoSlIt
spit on the floor oor and on the sidewalk sidewalkAs
As In most other catching diseases a aperson aperson aperson
person who has only a mild attack of ofthe otthe ofthe
the disease himself may give a very verysevere verysevere verysevere
severe attack to others othersWhat otllersWhat othersWhat
What should sh uld be done dd ddIlla by thoe thewio thewiocatch hoeew Mwho Mwhocatch o oCatch
catch the disease diseaseU
U Illa Is very Important that every per person prson r rlIOn
son who becomes sick with Influenza Influenzashould IIi influenzashould lue 1zn 1znshould
should go home at once and go to bed bedThis bedThis bedThis
This will help keep away dangerous dangerouscomplications dangerouscomplications dangerouscomplications
complications and will at the same sametime sumotlm sametime
time > keep the patient from scattering scatteringthe
the disease far and wide It Is highly highlydesirable hlghld highlydesirable
desirable d slrnhlt that no one be allowed aUO to tosleep tosh toSleeP
sleep sh el In the same room with the pa patient 111 111tlent a atient ¬
tient In fact no one hut the nurse nurseh nUlseAllOlIltI nurseiniild
AllOlIltI iniild h he allowed in the room
If there Is cough and sputum or orrunning ornmnlnJ orrunning
running of the eyes et and nose care careshould cnreshou1c1 careshould
should be taken tl1lH n that nIl such dis discharges 111 111charJcs tliclmrges ¬
charges arc collected on hits of gauze gauzeor
or rag or paper napkins and nll l burned burnedIf h rtl ll I
If the patient complains of fever and andheadache anilheadache j jheadachc
headache he should be c given waiter r to todrink j jdrink I
drink a cold compress COll1llr SS to the forehead foreheadand for heal
and a light sponge Only Onl such medi medicine mCIIIcine iuiedlclue ¬ I
cine should be given ns u Is prescribed rcscrihec1u
druggist to prescribe and may lie dan dangerous clangerous ilangerous ¬
gerous to take the th socalled t1 safe sure sureand I Iand
and harmless ha rinhiss remedies reined les advertised nll advert rtlscd ised by bypatent bypahnt bypatent
patent medicine manufacturers manufacturersIf
If the patient Is so situated that lie liecan hecun liecan
can be attended only bysome by sirne me one who whomust vhioniust ho homust
must also nlsolook look after others In nthe the Cum family CumlIr fainily ¬
ily it is advisable that such attendant attendantwear ttenllalltwClir
wear a wrapper apron or gown over overthe Oerthcort1naQ overthe
the thcort1naQ ordinary house clothes while In the thesick thesick thesick
sick room and slip this off otfwhen when leav leaving ICt ICtIng leavlug ¬
ing to look after the others othersNurses titherSNurses othersNurses
Nurses and attendants will do well wellto wellto wellto
to guard against breathing in danger dnngerousdlseuse dangerous ¬
ous ousdlseuse disease genus by 11 wearing a simple simplefold slmllefotdot simplefold
fold fotdot of gauze or musk while near the thepatient thepatient thepatient
patient patientWill patientWilla patientwill
Will Willa a person who w o has had hadhifluenza Influenza Influenzabefore Influenzabefore
before catch the disease again againIt galn7It I I
It Is well known that an attack afta c of ofmeasles Ofmeasles ofmeasles
measles or scarlet fever or 0I8oiallpo smallpox
usually protects a an another another ¬
other attack of the theSDmedls same disease nse This Thisappears ThisappEsrs Thisappears
appears not to be true of Spanish In Influenza Inftuen7 Influen7a ¬
fluenza According to newspaper re reports nports reports ¬
ports the llnx of Spain suffered su < < crcd an anattack nnattnck anattack
attack of Influenza during the epl1 epl1detnlc cpl 1 i idtmlc I Ldemie
detnlc thirty thlrt years curs ago and was again n aln j jstrickon Istrlckt I Istricken
stricken n during the recent outbreak in inSpain InSpain inSpain
Spain SpainHow SpainHow SpainHow
How can one guard against influ influenza Influenza1 Influenza
enza enza1 enza1In
In guarding nrt1in against nalnstdlsease disease of nil nilkinds allkindS I Ikinds
kinds it Is important that the body be bekept bekept
< >
kept strong stron g and able to tight tl ht off dis dlsease discase disease ¬ I
ease germs This can be done by b bar having bnvIng barlug ¬
ing a proper proportion of work work play playand playand
and rest by keeping the body hOtJ well wellclothed wellclothed
clothed and by h eating sufficient ufficitntwhole whole wholesome ¬ 1 1some
some and properly selected food In Inconnection Inconnection Inconnection
connection with diet It Is well to re remember remember remember ¬
member tll that t milk Is one of the best bestallaround blStI bestallaround I
allaround foods obtainable for adults adultsas
as well ns children So far as asa a dis disease disease ¬
ease like influenza Is concerned health healthauthorities
authorities everywhere recognize the thovery theery thevery
very close relation between Us spread spreadVnd Slreadnd
Vnd II nd overcrowded homes While hUe It Is Isot Isot Isot
ot always possible especially In Intimes Intimes Intunes
times like the present to avoid such suchovercrowding suchoercrowdlng suchovercrowding
overcrowding people should consider considerthe coisIderthe olslc1erthe
the health danger and make makecery makeceryeffort every everyeffort everyI
effort to reduce the home overcrowd overcrowding ¬
ing to a minimum The value of freshatr fresh freshair freshfr
air fr through open o op n windows cannot be
fllow fHowAbout r i HowAbout About the t tThe Farmeri Farmer I ITIle
The end of the fQurth Liberty Loan campaign Is close at hand and andthe andthe andthe
the South has not notfu1ly fully met Its share of this national obligation obligationThere obligationThere obligationThere
There have been many subscriptions and many of them were large largeThere lalleThere 1areThere
There were some which represented merely the surplus money of wealthy wealthyfolk wealthyfoil
folk there were ere many which meant real selfdenial seltd nlal by the poor But on the thev thevhole thewhOle
v hole we have not made a sacrifice sa rifice We have said to ourselves I can cannot CaDnft caflnot ¬
not spare IHtr jiny ny money Just now and turned the canvassers awajrwith a aEmail atimall aintll
Email subscription or vfth nothing at all allNow alLNow allNow
Now let us think this thing over overJou you and I Tbts This Is I our war Our Ourboys Ourbos Ourboys
boys are lighting in it our country Is backing baol ng it It Is Just as much our ourvar ourwar ourvtr
war as though the Germans were bombarding Charleston or Savannah or orIlrunsH orBruniwic1 orlknnswick
IlrunsH Bruniwic1 iek or New Orleans and threatening to march Inland burning and andit andt1lru andtkstroying
t1lru tkstroying it rowing iug and murdering innocent women w men and children It Isnt a faraway farawayvar tarawaar
var ar in Europe It is our war warLot warLtt warIct
Lot us u consider this bond issue as a coldblooded business proposition proposition1C
1C you y ° ti like Suppose we were wcrestockholders stockholders in Ina a big business house which had hadb hadben
b ben on waging iJ < x great and expensive fight for success Suppose Qur rivals rivalsImd rivalshUll rivalshind
hUll fought us hard and had almost amostwon won the th victory Suppose that th t we wehad webad wsbad
bad poured IlOur tl every effort into the business and were gaining the advantage advantagethat dvantalethat
that wo were right on n the eve of permanent success 8uccesaand and our money raa ramout raaDut raaout
Let us suppose that the president and directors you had elected to run runthat runt1mt runthat
that business called on onus us as stockholders for more money to win this thisfight thisfijllt thisfight
fight that they theyassuted assured us and proved to us that additional funds would wouldwin wouldwin wouldwin
win and pay us a handsome return Would we button up our pocketbooks pocketbooksnnd
mill say sa No It Isnt our business s We cant spare the themoneyr money No We Weould Wewould Wewould
would pour > our in all we had and mortgage our farms to borrow more moreand moreandtd and andwed andwtSI
wed td pour that in if we had faith in Intbe the business and the men who wbowe were wereconducting wereconducting e econducting
conducting it for us i iAnd f fAnd 1And
And we must not forget that the United States is our o r business and the thegreatest thegreatcst thegreatest
greatest business of all We have entered into a campaign to lick Ger Germany Germany tierlitany ¬
many and lick her so she can never raise her head headagaln again And that takes takesmoney takesf takesmoney
money mone if we w are not willing to pay out On out f share we prove we have no trust trustin
in our own own government governmentThe governmentThe
The Southern farmer was worried woirl d a few weeks ago because he be believed beli believed ¬
lieved li ved the government was going to fix a low price on cotton That was wasnot wasnot wasnot
not done and wo have assurances that tbalt thaIt It will not be be done President Wil Wilson Wilson WilEon ¬
son heard tho appeal of the cotton planter p er and was governed by it It Now Nowho Nowhe Nowhe
he asks In the name of the government govefD1 el that the cotton planter and every everyother everyot everyoilier
other ot her farmer bear his share of the burden b rdon of the Liberty Loan and lend lendthe lendthe lendthe
the country every dollar he can save Suppose the cotton planter plant r of the theSouth theSuuth theSouth
South shows up in the last reports as having failed to do his fair share shareWhat abareWhat shareWhat
What position will he find f nd himself la bivhea 1 whea he goes to Washington again againto
to ask that he be protected protectedThis protectedThIs >
This fourth Liberty Loan is a big blgaffalr affair but it is not a dollar too big bigIf
If every man will inJ tnlfe < < the tbolesson lesson home bo n to himself and do his hi full share sharewithqut sharelUl sharewt1iqu
withqut lUl thinking qfJiow < J1ow thjfcJUij bl lOjMtiiTf t ItIut thu DUODal ititl 1 loa loa i 1a There Thereis hrs hrsis
is not uota mmnorwom ix ln < InthsUMtdMtatwho > > tbenjMited th UattateWIa atetejrwhe faas a farm or a store or ora OIa ora
a shop or o a job jobwbo who cannot buy a bond boI d of large iJarge ala l or ssaall aU The bank bankhave bankJ bankJ1iave bankihave
have made arrangements for small payments lasting six months The man manwho manho manwho
who ho cannot save and invest 50 in six Ix months is 1 a mighty poor clflien And Andthe ADdthu Andthe
the average man who has Ias two legs legsand and two arms can do a great deal better betterthan betterthan betterthan
than that thatAnd thntAnd thatAnd
And theres something else elseIf if you want to get back to the straight straightbusiness strallbtI straightbusiness
business side of this Liberty Loan Loana a government fond paying four and one onefuurth on onf onefourth
I fourth f urth per cent interest better than gold or silver which earn nothing nothingIs
Is a mighty good thing to have stuck away awa against t that time of trouble troubleulJeh troublewJch troublewLtch
ulJeh comes to all of us some day
Belief That Animals Can Be Domes Domesticated Dom Domtlcated Dometlcated ¬
tlcated and Raised Uk the theOrdinary theOrdinary theOrdinary
Ordinary Live LIv Stock StockThere StockTherclills StockThere
There Therclills has been advocated the thescheme thescheme thescheme
scheme of raising deer de r as a source of ofmeat i imeat I Imefitsuppl
meat mefitsuppl supply in this country It is beI be behleved j
lieved that deer farming could be bemade bemade I Imncle
made us profitable as any other live livestock llvestock livestock ¬
stock Industry IndustryIt I
It has been pointed point > d out that the Vii Vlrglnln Viigluts iI i
gluts gin In doer and the th Rocky mountain elk elkare elknre elkare I
are best suited for this purpose Elk Elkhave Elkhnvc Elkhave
have been acclimatized in many parts partsof
of the world and everywhere eer wbere they theyshow theyshow i
show ho the same vigor find hardiness hardinessThey i iThey IThl
They Thl adapt themselves to almost any o aiiy aiiyenvironment Y j jenvironment
environment and their increase under underdomestication underdonwt1catIon
domestication Is equal to that of ordi ordinary onUnnr ordinary ¬
nary nnr cattle cattleIt
It Is contended that there ore large largeareas largeareus largeareas
areas of rough land In the United UnitedStates UnitedStates
States States1Ikl like the Ozarks Q2 rk and the th Alle Alleghtmy Allegbllny AUeghiiny
ghtmy regions r where elk could be beprofitably beprot1tnbly beprofitably
profitably raised rnlel1The The Virginia deer deeris d deerIs r rIs
is adaptable to almost all parts of this thiscountry tbt tbtcountr th1country
country and thrives on land unsuited unsuitedto
to horses
First Balloon Ascension AscensionThe AlCenalonThe
The first balloon bnlloonrnscen ascension lon is said saidI
to hove been made by Pere P re Berthold Bertholdfiuzmnn BertboldGuzll1nn BertholdGuzinan
fiuzmnn a Portuguese priest prh t In 1730 1730or 1mor
or CO years Clrs before heCo e Mongolfler Mongolflerov
ov over r empnasizea empnnstwaI empnastzeflWhen r rWhen
When crowding Is unavoidable as asIn asin asIn
In street cars care should betnken be tnken to tokeep toI tokeep
keep the face so turned as not to In Inhale Inhale Inhale ¬
hale directly the air breathed out by byanother b banot byanother
another anot er person personIt
q It is especially Important to be beware beware beware ¬
ware of the person who coughs or orHnee2es orSnee2es
Hnee2es ne CS without covering his mouth mouthnnd mouthnnll mouthand
and nose It also follows that one oneshould oneshould oneshould
should keep out of crowds and stuffy stuffyj stuffyPlaces
1 places as much as possible keep keephomes keephomes keepI
I homes offices nnd workshops worksho s well wellaired wellalred wellaired
aired spend Sl l1tl some time out of doors doorseach doorseach doorseach
each day walk to work If at all prac practicable practlcthleIn practicaldeIn ¬
ticable tlcthleIn In short make every possible possibleeffort possiblee1Tort possIbleeffort
effort to breathe as much pure air alrpo as aspossible sjpositble
possible possibleJ po ihte ihteI
J In all health matters matt rs follow fOIJ the ad advice adI advice
I vice of your our doctor d ctor and obey obe the regu regulations r regumuons u ulations ¬
lations of your our local and state health healthofficers healthot1lcers healthoflicers
officers officerst ot1lcersI
t I Cover up each cough and sneeze sneezeS
S If you yOiidont U dont youll spread apread1lflUM disease diseisees
1 t
Good Reasons Why Trafalgar Square Squarein
in London Has Been Given GivenThat GivenThat GivenThat I
That Appellation AppellationTrafalgar AppellationTmfalgar AppellationTrafalgar
Trafalgar square has been called the theheart thehe theheart
heart he rt of the British empire the most mosttruly mosttruly mosttruly
truly English spot Jn In London It Is Isnot Isnot Isnot
not of Leicester square or of Picca Piccadilly Plccadiny PiccadIlly ¬
dilly that London Tommy dreams but butof butof I
of Trafalgar square with the statue statueof I
of Nelson in the center The statue statueon
on the slender column Is Englands Englandsbestloved EnglandshestI Englandsbestloved
bestloved hestI et1 hero The figure of Nelson Nelsonthree Nelsonthree I
three times the natural size is reared rearedi45
345 feet In the air with Landseera Landseerafour Lsndseersfnur
four lions of bronze at the base baseMany baseManyot baseMany
Many Manyot of thei tbelDost the irjost ost Important build buildings bnl1dIngs buildlags ¬
ings of the city are grouped around aroundthe aroundthe aroundthe
the square The National gallery with vrtthits withIts withIts
its art collection faces the Nelson col column column colmnn ¬
umn The collection was begun in
1824 and nd Is one of the finest In the theworld theworld theworld
world In the upper part of the square squareIs
Is the church of St Martlnslnthe MartlnslntheField the theField
Field where Nell Gwyn lies buried buriedThis buriedTbls burledThis
This last bit of Information is apt to tointerest toInterest toInterest
interest the visitor more than the fact factthat tacttbat factthat
that Bacon was christened at the thechurchs thecburchs thechurchs
churchs altary altaryThe altar a1tarTbe altarThe
The column stands at the crossing of ofsome 01Bome ofsome
some of the most famous streets In InLondon 10London InLondon
London Charles the First walked walkeddown walkeddownWhltehall walkeddownWhItehall
down downWhltehall Whitehall to his execution The TheStrand TheStrand TheStrand
Strand branching from the square Is 19the Isthe Isthe
the main artery of the city as well as asthe asthe asthe
the favorite meeting place of the peo peopie p ppIe peopie
pie Bustling noisy crowded fond fondly fondy fondly ¬
ly y believed by Londoners to be broad broadit
it is the busiest street In the empire empireThe empireThe empIreThe
The principal shops and many man of the thehotels thehotels thehotels
hotels are on this street streetUnkind streetUnkind streetUnkind
Unkind Reflection ReflectionFirst ReflectionFirst ReflectionFIrst
First Soldier looking at portraits portraitsof
of himself hlmsetfWhlch Which do you think Is the thebest tbebest thebest
best Mike MikeSecond MikeSecond
Second Soldier SoldlerWell Well personally I Ithink Ithink Ithink
think the one of you OU in Inthe the gas mask maskis maskIsthebest
I is 1 Isthebest the best bestfr bestI
I Ne N Exception ExceptionThis
This war Is dreadfully expensive expensiveIsnt
Isnt It ItYes lil lilYes
I Yes but then you YO know everyUdag everyUdagMe
Me s has gone op toe toeOptimistic t08Optlmtltlc toeOptimistIc
Optimistic Thought ThoughtThat ThoughtThat ThoughtThat
That which turns t out with good cood1a goodlabetter rs rsMill
Mill U labetter l better than any law Ia IaS
Stirling Castle Inseparably Connected ConnectedWith ConneCtedWith ConnoctedWith
With All That the Scottish Heart HeartHolds HeartHold HeartHolds
Holds Dear DearRecently DearRecently DearRecently
Recently the English government governmentsent
sent some German prisoners of war to toStirling toStirlln toStirling
Stirling castle The ancient fortress fortressis
is I again a prison again the eye of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the north keeps watch over the na nations nations nations ¬
tions safety Stirling Is only a few fewhours fcwhouri fewhours
hours ride from Glasgow but it Is Isa Isa
a Journey from the nineteenth century centuryto
1 to the middle ages ag The castle on onthe onthe onthe
the right bank of the Forth Forth1s is built on onthe onthe onthe
the highest blab est tip of a promontory close closeto
to the edge of the crag Its position positionis
is almost impregnable impregnableOn
I On the north and south a rolling rollingplain roUlngplain rollingplain
plain stretches away to the foot of the theOchll theI theOchil
Ochll hills below the t e Forth winds sit silver sliver sitver ¬
I ver across the theplao plan On the east and andwest nndwest andwest
west the water protects the fortress fortressThe fortressThe fortressThe
The key to the highlands the bulwark bulwarkof
of the north northStrrllng Stirling was for centu centuries centuries centuties ¬
ries Scotlands main defense against againstthe
I the tbelnvadlng invading English EnglishMuch EnglishMuch EnglishI
I Much history has been made on the theplain theplnln theplain
plain at the castles foot The Ger German GtrI German ¬
man man prisoners from the ramparts can canview canvlewtbe canview
I view vlewtbe the scene of seven seven Important bat battles battles batt ¬
t tles On the northwest on the top of ofa ofI
I a high hill stands a statue to William WilliamWallace WiI1inmWa1Joce WilliamWallace
Wallace At the foot of the hill was wasfought wosfought wasfought
fought the battle of Stirling Just in inside InI inside ¬
I side I the curve of the Forth Is the field fioldof fieldof fieldI fieldof
of Cambuskenneth where in 843 the theScots theI
II I Scots defeated the PIcts Fnlkirk Fnlkirkwhere Falldrkwhere FnlkirkI
I where Wallace Wa1Jacewns was defeated lies to tothe toI tothe
the south Years later on this same samefield immefield samefield
I field Prince Charlie won one of his hismoat hismost hismost
most Important battles Bannockburn BannockburnI
I the holy ho y ground of Scotland lies to tothe tothe tothe
the south From the castle you ou can cansee canlee cansee
see the center of the field the Bore BoreStone Boreatone Borestone
Stone marked by a tail white flagpole flagpoleMary flagpoleMary
I Mary of Scots was crowned In the thecastle thecastle thecastle
castle hall Her son afterwards James Jamesthe Jumesthe Jamesthe
the Sixth passed his baby hnhydaY8 days here hereThe hereThe hereThe
The iron bars at the windows of some someof 80m8ot someof
of the rooms were placed there to pro protect proI protect ¬
I tect the tiny prince from kidnapers kidnapersTears kidnapersI
I Years afterwards he was crowned as asking asking asi
king in the same walls John Knoxpreached Knox Knoxpreached
I i
Ipreached preached the coronation sermon sermonAdvice sermonAdvice sermonAdvice
Advice for WouldBe Flyers FlyersThe FlyersThe FlyersThe
The secret of the whole game of oflearning oflearning oflearning
learning to fly tl is I believe never to toget toget toget
get excited I have seen beginner after afterbeglnnersmash afterbegloner afterbeginnefsmash
beglnnersmash begloner + smash when he was first sent sentup sentl sentup
up to fly They run along the ground groundpull groundpull groundpull
pull back ack the stick stl k ns told and a mo molafint meiant
lafint nt later uie 3o astonished astonishedthemaelves touad to4indtbemelve touadthemselves
themselves 2Oor 80 feet off the e ground groundthat ground groundthat grod d dthat
that they can think of t nothlogbatrshnt nothlogbatrshnttlng nothln nothing b1 bat f shut shutUng shutting
ting off the throttle Miifny M iy ycrnsb ycrnsbdown crash crashdown crashdown
down tail Il first with controls in clImb clltmVing c1l1111Ing clImblag
ing position po itlon to the lust If they would woultisimply wouldsImply wouldsimply
simply think thinkHa 11 11Ha 1 1Ha
Ha old boy youre In the air at atlast otlastsome atlastsome
last lastsome some thrill but thu main thing thingnow thingnow thingnow
now is to stay here a bit bl t and then thenease thenease thenease
ease down without a crash Ease the thestick thostick thestick
stick forward forwardnow now we have l1a stopped stoppedclimbing stopllct1cllmbn stoppedclimbing
climbing Feel F el that puff puttshas shes tip tipping tiplng tipping ¬
ping lng but a little stick or rudder will willstop willitop willitop
itop that Now pique her down nnd nndreduce nndreduce andreduce
reduce the gas a notch or two Here Herecomes Herecomes Herecomes
comes the ground groundstrnlghto straighten nor out outtoo outtoo outtoo
too much shes climbing again there therecut therecut therecut
cut the gas gasa a little more moretherenot moretherenota there thcrenot thcrenotI not nota
a bad landing for the first try tr tryC C B BNordhoff BNordhoff BNordhoff
Nordhoff in the Atlantic
Food Waster Rebuked RebukedThe RebukedThe RebukedThe
The man who went Into a Dallas DallasTexas DaUasTexas DallasTexas
Texas hotel dining room and com complained complained cornplatned ¬
plained because sugar was rationed rationedprobably rntlonedprobabJy rationedprobably
probably believes now that it would wouldhave wouldhave wouldhave
have been more sensible for him to toeat toeat toeat
eat what was set before him and say saynothing fiftYnothing saynothing
nothing When he was told sugar was wasscarce wasscnrce wasscarce
scarce the man broke up two rolls rollsInto roUsloto rollsinto
Into bits and threw them on the floor floorInside t1oorInside floorInside
Inside of an hour a committee waited waitedupon waItedupon
upon him and he was told tol < < 1 to buy a aRed aRed aRed
Red Cross button apologize to the thewaitress thewaitress thewaitress
waitress for rudeness r l1eness nnd write a let letter letter letter ¬
ter dally d l1 to the Dallas council of de defense defense dofense ¬
fense as long as he remained 11 In Texas Texasso
so that his movetnents could be fol followed folI followed ¬
lowed The man showed that he was wussorry wassorry
1 sorry for his display dlspl of temper and andI audIs
I it is not believed he will waste food foodany foodany foodany
any more
Weigh the Babies BabiesIf
If you ou have babies to weigh prepare prepareto
to weigh them now no This Is the ha babies hables habies ¬
bies year It began April 6 the first firstanniversary tlrstanniversary firstanniversary
anniversary of our entrance Into the thewar thewar thewar
war The first step is to weigh all tho thochildren thochildren thechildren
children under five years et1r of age II The TheIdea TheIdea Theidea
Idea Is to begin withthe with th the children rhlltJreno rhlltJrenobuild jo jobuild to tobuild
build up the nation of tomorrow tomorrowMany ttlmorrowfany tomorrowMany
Many of the physical defects der rts which whichcaused whlrbcaUl whichcaused
caused caUl e4 the rejection of applicants for forenlistment forentlstment forenlistment
enlistment In the army nrm and navy nnv are arebelieved ar arbeJieved arebelieved
believed to have had their beginning beginningin hc lnnlnK lnnlnKin
in Infancy and the committee believes believesa
a higher standard of physical Ilh slcnl efficien efficiency ¬
cy in the rising generation will iII result resultfrom r15111tfrom resultfrom
from these tests Height weight and andreach lindreach andreach
reach are considered a rough index of ofa ota ofa
a childs health healthEmperor healthEmperor healthEmperor
Emperor Karl KarlThe KarlTbelmpres KarlThe
The Tbelmpres impression fon which the Austrian Austrianemperor Austrianemperor Austrianemperor
emperor has h s made on his subjects subjectssince suljectsince uhJ cts ctsstnce
since his accession Is showing Itself Itselfin
in the nickname which he bears in inVienna IIIVlennaKart InViennaKarl
Vienna VlennaKart Karl der IMoetzllche Ploetzllchewlllch Ploetzllchewlllchmay which whichmay
may be translated Charles the Man Manof Mliiiof Iallof
of Impulse because of the emperors emperorsbrusque cmperorSbrusque mperorsbrusque
brusque decisions The Tznch nick nickname nlcknnme nickname ¬
name isr Is Karel Novak spruvce ken konkunoil kllnkunml kenkursnl
kunoil podstaty podst t finny ftnJ1 Austriawhich Austriawhich Austria Austrlnwhich
which appears in English En lIh as Charles CharlesJones harlesJones
Jones official receiver of the liquida liquidation lIquhlutlon liquidzttion ¬
tion of the house of o Austria
Mans Treasures Treasuresmat That Are Be Bet Beyond Beyond Beyond
yond Reach of Thieves ThievesHere
Here Is Example We W All Mght Follow Followand Followand Followand
and the World Would ould B Better BetterPlace BettePlace BetterPlace
Place In Which Whichto
to Live LeI
I have Just had a asatlon 4111111 S
ronver ronvert eonveriltion ol1erBaUon
satlon with a friond t ho I Ihis t ttd d for foraoney
his generosity I do not nl ref reftbecause aoney aoneyto
because becllu e he ht liis > little IItt Ie I r rgenerosity < to tt the thecis thegenerosity JIiI JIiIgenerosity
generosity of f lib J thought tholl ht ni niIs cis ct s lie liel
Is 1 < < always doing c1l1ill things thlll s for foiways to t l > le al alr
ways n s thinking thlnklll ahout the thealways
r j follow followitoris ftlIl ftlIlnways fdIovalways
always helping helpingOne htljlillOue helpingOne
One of It the ilm renmrkablo renmrkablotics r > < tens ttrlsUC8 tenstics
tics of this man is his hap haphas itorisHe He HeIt Hehns I Ic Ichas
has the kindest face fniiiruiii IIIIUI1 the thesweetest thosweetest thitsweetest
sweetest disposition llej lie J j > rdhcst rdhcstman rldllstmuu rlihiistflail
man I know rich because becausemost It his i < tho thobrains thomost theniost
most Not money nWIJc iiioneyltit but frii friiideas brains brainsto liraitiideas mln mlndens
ideas knowledge of the v vextraordinary I to an anto anext mextrnorlllnarr
extraordinary ext ruortilna ry degree cflgr ublh ublhtain oh I I I to t enter entorto Inhrtnln entertaln
tain ability to listen l lremarkable to 0 toll tollI tdlremarknhle tellremarkable
remarkable experiences t tand reolIeet reolIeetand t tnnd
and to talk about aboutNow nhoutNow aboutNotv
Now for the conversation conversationme il I asktd asktdst
me what I thought was tii tiiderful st t WOI1 WOI1id wtlnderful vnderful
derful comment on life I Iheard id ever everanswer 1Crhenrlt everheard
heard or rend I could t thim answer answerchoice nnswcrhim imusverhim
him but I asked him for forWhat s choice choicest eunIceWhat 6 6ro
What seemed to him the thederful o > st won woni wonderful wonderful
derful and truthful thing In Inor h i Ir T heard heardlooted hcnrelor
or read hero it Is I ns n h hfrom < looted It ItIn Itfrom itfrom
from Jean Jacques Rousw RouswTho UOtSobTho floussIThe
Tho dead take to tholi th h graves in intheir Intheir Intheir
their clutched fingers only oul that which whichthey whichth whichthey
they th have given away awayJ
J looked nt him lmul111 and RIIW aw In his face faceno nee neeno
no sign of realization that the quota quotation quoIntlon quotatlon ¬
tlon applied to hlm himself olf He had HO HOIdea I IIden 14 14idea
Idea that unconsciously ho wns giving givingexpression givIngexpression 11J1 11J1expression
expression to his own civpd of living livingHe 111111He hivingHe
He was as simple nUll honest nnd nndnaive nmlnale itmidnaive
naive as a child Ho ndmlrwl Rous Rousseaus Uousleaus ltmSseans ¬
seaus idea saw the truth of It loved lovedIt
It but never dreamed that he himself himselfIs II IIIII
Is a living embodiinentof tit it ttu a man manwhose munwhose miiiiiiwhose
whose hands are filled with riches richesSomehow richesSomohow richesSomehow
Somehow as I walked back ht to the theoffice theoffice theoffice
office from lunch when my yfrfrien41 yfrfrien41quoted > friend friendquoted frlenQJOt
quoted QJOt d Rousseau I tlioughl tlllu thiniiglittliat l tt1mt tliiit the tlioIdea thoIden theidea
Idea wan a good one to pass af on Here Herewe Herewe
we go through life grabbing grabbing grabbinggrubbing Jtthhlngmhblng grtihlilnggrabbingyet
grubbing grabbingyet yet et seldom getting gett ttln ing anything anythingworth 1I1 anythingworth thlnJ thlnJworth
worth while Mon Money fimo and all the thet tileor lieil1
t yt > Ha l or r the il1 tll thIrisvJiieIi I 111003 1 1In S p pin
In later lateryenrs years we wenilxht flight clutch to our ourbosoms onrbosoms ourbosoms
bosoms nnd find comfort In InTim InTh InThe
Tim Th < t war provide > H a l great rt nt opportu opportunity flpporlnnlty epiortiinity ¬
nity for all of us to get et rich richrich rif It with withtho withtho itltlithe
tho rewards that come to thoM tll who whoserve wlTnsere whoserve
serve Dont let the chance go l II by y If Ifyou Ityou ifyou
you cant fight give JI < e to the Red Redgive Cro CrogIe ro rogive
give to the Y M 1 C A buy I Ibonds IIlerl IIlerlbonds therty thertybonds
bonds buy bu Vnr nr Savings nlns Mnmps Mnmpsserve CI CIseIe iv ivserve
serve spend Spend tlmt you miij re receive re recelTe rocelve ¬
ceive Have some part in the 111 common commonlot commonlot eomnmncinlot
lot Do something sotlwthlllgtlw the happy recol recollection rfC recollection nl nllectlon ¬
lection of which you on will curry with withyou wllhyou withYOu
you In the years to come comePrivate comPrhnte comePrivate
Private Peat toll in n magazine mn R7h11 nr nrticle n artide t ttlcle
tide this month of the most tender tendergentle tel1 tendergentle 11 11 11gentle
gentle thing thln he ever saw It n Mler lo 110ITe dolie loHe
He tells how upon asking n soldier wl1i r who whowas whowas ho howas
was shivering with cold and pain pub what whathnd whathad whathad
had become of his overcoat the soldier
answered Oh my m pnl wns Killed hale bickthere halethere lltCkthere
there and he looked so cold lying Ivlngthere hltlttherQ lyingthere
there in the rain thnt I took off lilY mycoat lilYcout lilycoat
coat and put It over him 1dmTell himTe1l him himTell
Tell us lIRtlltl did you < ver < er hear hf > nr of ofbody IIIY IIIYhodv Y Ybody >
body richer than that poor freezing freezingboy irii7111hoy freezingboy
boy who laid his c lIlIt < nt over his dead deadpnl 111111pnl ileIlpal
pnl as a atmlll minl mjiik of affectionate affectionatesenIce nrrcctlontltcenlce affectionateservIce
servIce Wouldnt otiljlnt jm IU like to be as asrich tIirich asrich
rich as that thntThe thutThe thatThe
The dead tnke to their graves In InIheir Inthelrclutchec1 Intheir
their thelrclutchec1 Clutched fingers only that which whichthey whhhthey whiirhithey
they have given gln 1t away awuyAmerlc1II awuyAmerlc1IIMagozlne awnvAnmerlcamitagnzine American AmericanMagazine
Magazine MagazineStop MagozlneStop tagnzineStop
Stop Outdoor Photography in London LondonOrders LondonOrclers LondnOrders
Orders have been made by the ti com competent Ctlll1petent coimipetent
petent military authority under the litedefense I
defense of the
realm regulations pro prohibiting pruhlhltln ir irhibiting ¬
hibiting hlhltln the making without permis permission IwrllllsHI irmmiisslon ¬
sion HI of any nl1 photograph skeuu
niin niinmodel nhlltm himi himin
model m n del or other
representation of
any anyplace tillSptuce miy miyplace
place or thing within a given ln > 11 area areaNo 111121Xo miriNo
No person in this area shall without withoutlawful withoutlafnl withoutlawful
lawful authority or excuse have In Inhis Inhis Iiihis
his possession any photographic hoto rnlhic or orother orother orother
other apparatus or other material 11m Ittial or orthing r rthIng rtiming
thing suitable for u uSC ft in rankin any anysuch amiysuch III IIIzmcb
such represfcntationsTh repr ntatlonl The urea af affected tlffectel if iffecte ¬
fected Inh1l11 neln < l < uj the metropolitan metropolitanHc JlO JlOdistrict l > >
Hc lice district ami large portion Portl ° fl f th thcounties the thectluntlel tiiCcounties
counties of KK E X Knt KntLondon and SlIrny
London lHton Telegraph TelegraphWhere TciJn111IWhere Tehgrn1igWhere
Where He Had Trained TrainedThe Tr TrainedThe lned lnedThe
The Intrepid sergeant pr ennt wa wapumped w wts hdn helnpumped 1 1Ilttmpecl
pumped by the war sv correspondent corr llIlntllllt aft after Uf1er 1ftr ¬
er r receiving a nifdai for extraoidniary extraoidniarygallantry 4 e3irarliili8rYgallantry trH1nl llar llargallantry
gallantry in leading his M1lMd ul11 to the thesecond thesecond thesecond
second line In n nisht raid > 111 1 r rturning rturning re returning
turning with vnluilii salui nfrni Infurlwll4II Infurlwll4III t toll tollI < n nI
I deserve no cr Crtllt iit ut t nil II h pro protested protested fr frtested ¬
tested It RhouM hou an go o 1 to U Neleh Nelehbor NeIiiibor I h hbar
bor Jones who rni in inthe Inthe inthe
rnk1j < H c uhttrincl wlit rrnIIils < ms
the sandy fields fcl enK nt the oreek wlltll wlltllI IMII IMIII
I was a boy and kept n battalion tit titbulldogs fitbulldogs > f fbulldogs
bulldogs and hotin hOUMt to gunrd l1f1rtl them themOne dlcmOne themOne
One Penalty Of War WarWomen WarVO WarWomen
Women VO 1ln may h coining Into to theIr t1 theIrown nlrown lr lrown
own but ncverf neernles esSj n ne of < > f the themost theindist co coI
most I < t startling of iptline revolutions revolutionsIs
Is the present In Jlt prominence of the tltftbridegroom thehrlde thebridegroolli
hrlde who lu j it itthe
bridegroom wHII1 jilsphnn eiftlroly eiftlrolythe
the bride as the th center efter < of f att 1ttlItltl itieiitiflwhen tition titionwhen
when the guests assemble nssenilIeIiltflS nssenilIeIiltflSState Illinois IllinoisState 1I1tl1t1fsStUte c
State Register RegisterL
L 4 4f
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I 5 itiPjl
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