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i BEAUTIFUL CUSTOM,
la b )i)io parts of tlie Tyrol a beau tlf.il though curious ciutoni prevails. When a girl Is going to be married, and just before sho leaves for tho church, her mother gives her a hand kerchief, which is called a tearker chief. It Is mads of newly spun and unused linen, and with it the girl dries the iie.Uiral tean she fheds on leaving home. The tearkerchlef la never used after the marriage day, but is folded up and placed la the linen closot, where it remains till its owner's death, when it is taken from its place and spread over her face. Tit-Bits. DO YOU KNOW HOW TO DUST? The feather duster is doomed. The Tecruits in the warfara against con sumption have taken up arms against it, and, like the old oaken bucket so dear to our childhood, it Is to be known to the next generation only in song and story. -A representative of a committee of physicians and others who are fighting against tuberculosis In this. State recently said: "We hear a goo 1 deal nowadays about 6ireet dust and soft coal as nuisances and as dangerous to the public health, but wo are apt to for get that right in our own homes we often bare a danger just as great Methods of cleaning are still in vogue that have come down to us from the iays when the wrath of God was held responsible for a disease that, by the ignorance of in,"!., was fostered be .hlnd closed wit -..lows and spread with VJiouaewifely iinlustry by the feather duster. ,T' : i old-fashioned ways area mco .are to health, and so those "Divinity," Substitute For Fudge. Girls, have you tried ,' r-lilng "divinity?" It Is the very latest In the sweet-tooth . si rs. If you want' to be up to the minute with the latest cuurcctlon, you had better try this formula in your chafing dish: Pour three cups of sugar into a saucepan. Add two thirds of a cup of water and a cup of thick table sirup. In another pan mix a cup of sugar and one-half cup of water. While the contents of both pans are coming to a soft boil, beat the whites of three eggs in a large bowl, and when stiff pour ii the contents of the second pan and beat. Then add the con I: i: is of the first pan. Mix and add shelled nuts. Then beat the whole decoction till stiff. Pour into a greased-pan to cool. Cut into dainty slices. ew cj cs A. is C3 .5 3 men who bee organized the antl-tu-berc.iiosls movement have come out with the following public announce ment about'n-t imping and dusting:. " When yi u sweep a room, raise as little dusi l ; possible, because this dust, when b.eathed, Irritates the nose nnd throat and may set up ca tarrh. Some of the dust breatrfied in dusty atr reaches the lungs, making parts of them blink and hard and useless. " -lf the dust in the air you breathe contains the geruis of consumption tubercle bacilli which have come from consumptives splttiug on the Doors, you run .tie risk of getting consumption yenn -elf. " 'To prevent ticking a great dust in sweeping, use moiat sawdust on baro floors. When the room is car peted, moisten a newspaper and tear it into small scraps anf scatter upon the carpet when you begin sweeping. As you sweep, brush the papers along by tho broom, and they will catch ruf'.'t cf the dust nnd hold it fast, Just OS tho sawdubt does on bare floors. Do not have either the paper or the sawdust dripping wet only motur. " "In dusting a room do not use a Lather duster, because this does not remove tli' (JuJ't from the room, but "inly brushes -it into the ulr sn that Ji'l breathe it In, or it settles down, and tli'ii you ha to to do the work over ayam. " 'I hi soft, dry cloths to oust with and shah a them frequently out of the Window, or use t-lightly moistened cloths and rine them wut in water nen you have linlsned. In this way you got the dust out. of the room.'" Th llfr.mft (!i f tit if I 1. r U'ir,T i::.VOMl.;; C.T NEW IDEALS Anne 0'Hat;an Is v. it : n c; a series papers in Jlarp".- lliuar which (bjservos tin the r-':i! ! ul attention of 'ry li.fi'l'.)L-( nt w .n.iuu. This month M.ss O'ii.n-.an din 'i.-.-o-s feminine Mw.li, ( o,f i-nlng w!;ii n fhe Is quite ' i -ln.l:.'!c, p.h the loiiowiiig etir.-nt 'tows: "L"eti T c .- von riro not co.r j -i" ) i o:; i" mad- d wit tl US at tout? ' ii: .i i,r;,r t!.i i iot cf the chil- 5r-n n i.k i. iii.orJy, Th i iiiu- w, , t Ki, v t : c '5? Art- w. i l a i ' toMl-rly. a 1 vi 'lit u r- k.'lvr to 1 ;.. : y :..:.." 1.'- 'anro OOS ai,. I j i v !,. e? : a ' '-'iv l.s to n: ... :: : I I'.tni ," J.-, l.'.t c - ry-ii o i "" ? v. u ' a ii i ' a. j". ' u, i! o.i.h ii r tin li i v. 'Is ! (i,.f,:p? not ..,:l,lo Jl. ;.; !.'' .. ! 1' is I;.'!-. of . . 1 1;-. hi y .. ' .n 1 ,. ; ' '-e !u v i 'a !., . '' Wei ' ' !l I: ; ' Hi- ' , -'!.jt r. , -i.il v,,.. ' I ti.M ' v , , earth nnd air and April rain and sun shine and oil the vast chemistry of nature are needed to give you finally your serviceable vegetable pot? "What becomes of our ideals? Our Ideals are the food that makes us what we are, that is transmuted Into the very fabric of our being. To the making of an ordinarily decent man or woman Just an ordinarily, hon est, kind, unselfish human being so many glorious aspirations, golden dreams, noble intentions, must go, as to the maklugof anordinarlly healthy person so many protelds, so much al bumen so much beef and egg and butter, in short must go. Alter a certain age a conspicuously idealistic attitude on the part of the average human being merely denotes maldi gestion', malnutrition. And nn tho other hand, after a certain age to bo nara, insincere, vehemently self-seeking, means that youth was nourished upon no proper diet of ideals, was starved of what is the chief ingre dient of mature character. That la what our ideals are the spiritual food of our youth, and what has be come of them Is witnessed by tho fibre of our elder natures." CHANCE FOR MATRIMONY. Women, if you are not married, do you know what your chance for mat rimony are in New York City? It is not to be eipected that any law can be laid down for individual cases, but there Is an average established, by carefully kept records, regardless of the exceptional cases, that has varied little In years, and shows what the chances are during the different ages from fifteen to fifty-six. If you are between twenty and twenty-five years old your chances are the best possible, for more than one-balf of the women who marry In New York City do so between these years, or, to be mors exact, fifty-one and two-tenths out of every hundred. The next most favorable matri monial period covers the following five years from twenty-five to thirty, when there takes place the weddings of sixteen women out of every hun dred who marry, or sixteen per cent. Then comes the five years above, from thirty to thirty-five, when the figures drop two, or fourteen out of one hundred. Then to get the next highest fig ures one must go back to the earliest years of the records, which show that out of every hundred women married thirteen are between fifteen and twenty years old. But the most sud den decline of all Is found upward from thirty-five to forty, for in those years only three out of each hundred women who marry are four, or elevari per cent, less tha,n during the five years under thlrty-flvr. From forty the percentage falls off gradunlly there being two women married out of each hundred between their fortieth and forty-fifth years; then in the next five years, up to fifty, the records show that only one womau out of two hundred marry, or ono-half of one per cent. Frorq the egos of fifty to flfty-sli there is a falling off to one-fifth of one per cent, or one married woman out of each five hundred married. There are few brides after the fltty sltth year, only one out of each one thousand women mnrrylng, or one tenth of one per cent. New Yorfc IIe.rald. .' , . . GOES AND - WOMEN. Tho gods, deeming themselves quits shrewd aod clever, no doubt, bestowed oa woman lips with which, by keeping tbem phut. Rhe might make her mouth like a rcFcbtid. Hut what batons? The trap proms In effectual and womun proceeds to en hance her cliarm, while at tho tame Mine having her own way about it. I.,- th.r. vcrv lii'ft to say -'no" iti vhi.'H nho no-aiij "yes. U l"rt - ) t-". loo, ber no' The ur'lj in tern 1 thin t i ai.1 chni actci io in c i..,.t t; v ii. -vr n-s-ted until he tare. List had I ai It. Ev, : ": !!..- ea' -!'' sr : 1 ' th AH n blow smoke tl.ioui't il knov-s how it Is v-ith . , ,, ii to Io r to ecu, tin! il-o a ii. r to leiT. H'C- w. :.:--a on tbb one anJ bnr.is 1 ,o k ocr tlie iuIkt. v, l.uli -,i::it mr.ke tl: Rods ;.t t! . :. '; tiot Hi r. '' in , - , -.y, al.ci all. I.-insiT ,i 1- T GONO FOrk THE FARMER. . The cacklo of tho hon should be tho sweetest song that crect3 tho car of the farmer. THE HORSE'S FOOT. Inspect tho feet of the horse quite often. You know the old saying of "No foot, no horcc," and every word 02 It is so. CI-EAN NESTS. Change the stra'v in the nests as often as it Is required. The hens will appreciate It and It will Indues them to lay more eggs. DARK STALLS. While dark stalls may keep the flies away, they are Injurious In other ways. Stock of all kinds need tho sunshine worse than man, nnd will suiter worse from the lack of it. PLOW POINTS. Asparagus demanus a rich, deep, well-drained soil. It la a gross feed er, and will take almost any amount of fertilizer. ' Salt is often used on asparagus beds, and Is sometimes an indirect fertilizer, acting upon fertility al ready in the soli, and having a dis tinct tendency to attract and hold moisture, but It has no direct ferti lizing influence. However, it has a bentflclent effect In helping to check the growth of weeds. Kalnlt Is an excellent thing for as paragus beds, as it contains a con siderable percentage of sulphate of potash, which is a direct fertilizer; it also contains a fourth of its bulk of salt. Home and Farm. SIMPLE, EFFECTIVE WEAKER. This can be made of wood. Take a piece of board (one-fourth inch thick is about right) and carve It out ex actly as shown In the Illustration. Pattern should b about five Inches long tor cow, somewhat smaller for calf. Now by adjusting this simple place of board Into the cow or calf's nose you have a perfect weaner. K does not interfere with animals' eat ing or drinking. Have tried this and found It a success, a perfect weaner. C. F. FreBhUom, in The Epltomlst, FARM GLEANINGS. Dairymen prefer to milk before they clean the cow and horse stables. In this way they miss the dust and fidors which arise when cleaning and Jeedlng Is done. There Is no standard for Judging the guinea fowl. They should, how ever, be of uniform shape, great ac tivity and reasonably good producers of eggs- Their entire egg crop is pro duced In summer. Bitter cream comes from keeping cream too long from cows that have been milked since early last spring. It Is best to churn every few days, even though there is only a small churning on hand. In setting out the new fruit trees be sure and leave plenty of space be tween them. You must make allow ance for the growth of the years. Crowded trees Interfere wit . one an other and have their fruit bearing possibilities checked. The potato storeroom must be dark, cool, well ventilated and dry. There she old be a double floor be neath where large quantities are piled together. There should also be op portunities for ventilation at the walls, and at intervals through the pile. Alfalfa In the orchard should have every show possible. Allow the fall growth to lie on the ground, and then after the ground dries up in tho spring, the coat of dead vines should be burned. There Is no better money maker on the farm than alfalfa. Tlie .most money is tnado out of liorfes that are well bred and free from blciuiPhcs. Why roite any other kind? As hiu been rep.PticHy said It taken just as much lime and t'f'-jl le .unl food to raise a poor i.0..t-p ni KooU oil.', a:.-! see tho ii'.S. r-. :'. I" '.c -t let lor which . th. y a;o x.'.il A v - "I ;o 'litioi; pou'je:-, to be fed I:, j;,,. . 1 uwnhtitli'M to tho brood js f-npos-l f S te.'l! polhfill ,-i t eu.;o-i.s 1',','l.nr i, mi ).i:f a rail -.1 of oil li'ia' r.i" once n day Jul- e-o-a K"- wciL-Iiliii: Sot) pa tois. Jt 1.-, iii.lo!S to B y tint all tollies fl.oi-'.ii I'1 i: 'ii v l.iii t: e animal Ls on I t f i ' : - R The Miracle of Self-Confldenc? By ORISOX 6WETT MARDEX. It was said that Napoleon's pres ence in a battle doubled the strength pf his forces. Half the effectiveness of an army resides in the soldiers' faith in their leader. When the lead er doubts, hesitates, wavers the whole army Is thrown Into confusion; but his confidence doubles the assurance of every man under him. The mental faculties, Uko sohliers, must believe in their leader the un conquerable will. The mind of the doubter, the hesltator. the waverer, the man who is not sure of himself, who thinks be Is not equal tj what he lias undertaken. Is set toward failure, and everything works against him. There Is a weakening all along the line, In an emergency, as in danger, man can often perform feats of great strength which he could not even ap proximate In cold blood. Arousing a man multipllm, bis power tremen dously. Think of what delicate men and women, even Invalids, have ac complished when dominated by soma supreme occasion or a mighty passion. The Imperious "must" gives added strength snd unusual power to all the faculties. So a great self-faith, an unwavering self-confidence, braces up the entire man, physically, mentally, morally. It raises him to his highest power, and makes him do with ease what would be Impossible without this wonderful stimulus. An overmastering faith in oneself often enables comparatively ignorant men and women to do marvelous things feats which ssnsitlve, timid, doubting people, of far greater abil ity and much finer texture and nobler qualities shrink from attempting. I know people who have been hunt ing for months for a situation; but they go into an office with a confes sion of weakness In their very man ner; they show their lack of self confidence. Their prophecy of failure Is In their faces, in their manner. They surrender before the battle be gins. They are living witnesses against" themselves. When you ask a man to give you a position, and he reads this lan guage In your face and manner, "Please give me a position; do not kick me out; fate is against me; I am an urnlur fipj J nrh dish eart- j ened; I have Tost confidence in my- , self," he will only have contempt for ycu; be will e-y l22!2l'-S211 IT? not a man, to sTErt t,,iu, i-nd h.5 will get rid of you as soon as he can. If you espect to get a position, you ?just go Intd an office with the air of a conqueror; you must fling out con fidence from yourself before you can convince an employer that you are the man b la looking for. You must show by your very presence that you are a man of force, a man who can do things; with rigor, cheerfulness, and enthuslasism. ' If you carry with you evidence of your power, the badge of superiority, then you will not wander the streets looking for a situation very long. Everywhere employer- are looking for men who can do things, who can conquer by Inherent force and ener gy. From Success. If You Wont to Be Ixred. Don't contradict people, even If you're sure you are Vlght. Don't be inquisitive about tho af fairs of even your most intimate friend. Don't underrate anything because you don't possess it. Don't believe that everybody else In the world is happier than you. Don't conclude that you have never had any opportunities In life. . Don't believe all the evils you hear. ' Don't be -? to your inferiors iu social position. ' Don't repeat gossip, even if It does Interest a crowd. Don't jeer at anybody's religious belief. Learn to hide your aches and palus under a pleasant smile. Few care whether you bave the earache, head ache or rheumatism. Learn to attend to your own busi ness a very important point. Do not try to be anything else but a gentleman or a gentlewoman, and that means one who has consideration for the whole world and whose life la governed by the Golden Rule: ."Do unto others as you would be done by." Christian World. Kyes and Seeing. Prof. W. D. Scott sounds a note cf warning about the Increasing U3e of the eyes for reading and the inspec tion of small near-by objects. This especially afTects school children. Professor Scott says that the human eye wai evolved for distant vision, and In its structure is relatively poor ly suited for near-by vision. TIo ln crearo of all Sorts of printing ail ments the trouble, every day, and "Ml thincs bpbi'J to be coLEplrinir to nmVo n a use our eycn lnoie and mom lor the very tiling for wlikh they aio the lunst poorly lolupt. 1." There is, no doubt, nuoh ri a.Hoii in thin, but could the world bni.ls-h Us printing pu-;..s and retain Its i:i v.i iii.o ion T ?ino::i'.ig tobacco Is t,ow 1 'r:?"l from peucy-ln-the-tlt't 1 . tUiuvs U Lciidon, ... ! WASPS THE ORIGINAL: icooeeei PAPER-MAKERS. Of course, the writer knew that wasps are the original paper-makers, and long since pointed the way to the uso of wood-pulp for that paper making "which has so immensely In creased In later years and Is threaten--ing much of the literature of this era with early extinction. But from what particular objects was the pulp 0-1 t.h DfAl Now came a rare surprise. A few feet beyond the old tree stood a chest nut telephone pole. While passing It one day a hornet was seen to alight upon it. Eureka! the mystery was solved. For straightway the insect began scraping off the surface with its Jaws. Settling well upon the post. It fastened Its open mandibles Into it. drew them together, thus removing a particle of fibre, and backed down a little way. This act was repeated un til it had covered a spars about three fourths of an Inch long, and one-sixteenth wide, Just the stretch of the hornet's Jaws. Meanwhile a tiny pel let of wood-dust had been gathered and rolled and pushed beneath the mouth; whereupon Vespa flew away. In fact, her method of gatherlDK building material was just the reverse of that used when giving It out in construction. , Now the post was carefully inspect ed, and it was found to be mottled on nil sides and to the top, about eighteen feet, with streaks like that 'which the hornet had Just left,, the fresh marks imnn th, aVtrnrlori VAnit ihnwlnf riff- tlnctly against the weathered surface. The streaks were not all of equal length; for, as it afterwards appeared, the pulp-gatherers seemed somewhat fastidious in their selections, end would shift their positions several times. Sometimes, also, the scar al ready made would be continued by the same or another worker; and often it would be overlaid. But, as a rul, the space which measured the amount of fibre removed at one visit to the pole corresponded with the amount of pulp laid on at one time by the builders on the nest; and that in both cases was determined apparently by the carrying capacity of the Jaws. The visits varied In length. Thus, of three noted, one was four minutes, with seven shifts; 02?, tro. njjnutes; ac1cn?, tm'jjutj'i n!r.jyip. Wishing TJ tit mi lieTA tLT" numbor of visits made by the Insect -pulp-gatherers, I counted carefully luc 11.K1B n.ium po.ciai juai tuiuci, of surface, and therefrom estimated the number within a square inc'i 1 around the entire girth of the pole. Thence I roughly calculated that at least 40,000 vlBits had been made tor wood-fibre. Some of these were made -by yellow-Jackets and brown wasps, hnl mntf nf thorn frnm hnrnnia hv the study nest, as could be deter mined by the direction of the insec.i' flight. One must ulso consider that In many cases the scraped surface had been gone over more than once,, so that the estimate Is probably below rather than above that mentioned. There were several similar poles in the vicinity, all more or less thus marked, the one nearest to the above quite as freely. Even from this in adequate estimate one can see the enormous Industry of our colony. Dr. H. C. McCook, In Harper's Mag azine. WISE WORDS. An optimist is one who keeps alive the Joy derived from common things. We should not be with wicked men ss their companions, but as their physicians. Religion may become an escape ' from duty, rather than its inspiration and fulfillment. The trouble with many uplifters la that they love their notions more than tho people. "It abldeth alone" eiplalns away some lives. They have never learned the law of service. Virtue, like health. Is usually un conscious of Itself. The best way to save time is to lose some of it .n prayer. . It's easy making light of sorrow when It's not our own. The church will have trouble in drawing men so long as it thinks u.ore of drawing them than of help ing them. The saddest people are those who are trying to pump happiness out of the cisterns of amusement. An Ignorant man's practice of piety does more good than the most learned ninn's philosophy of religion. lie Is proficient in self denial wbo can silence the mean things be bad thought of saying of another. Nature pinvides 1 hat If we int-.ke l;fo a dram of pleasure) c shull awaken by nubblnn tiic too on a pntn. Some think that wlr.-n iSovp rouMle.l 0" li.c Cotuiis ot ' (itu i.e.-f they've pi,::ii.el .iiip'-iity into j-uro y. Win n you -o out In another s v is fl' ni d.vis.-d, I ftn that t.-u'h :'.! blow aiol yon v i'l s!ac.1 1 i; i 1 n -fiWil H L-c I'-: .! ).