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Modern Farni Method
A3 Applied in the South. ',1 T6TTTBWnP HfT Koles of Interest to llnnter, Fruit Grower and Stockuiaa Feeding Blackstrap Molasses to Young ' Calve. Tt ""Louisiana State Experiment .-jjUtlon at Baton Rouge has recently been making come interacting experi ments on feeding blackstrap, or low grade molasses, to young calves, and hu published a bullettng. No. 108, covering these experiments. . They were carried on under the direction and control of Mr. T. B. Woodward, of the Dairy Division of the National Division of Animal Industry, and Mr J. Q. Lee, Jr., representing the State Experiment Station. The conclusions were that in feed' Ing calves blackstrap molasses the re alts were not satisfactory, owing to 1U laxative effect. This laxative effect, ' however, is said to be due to the sugar contained, rather than to any of the other constituents of the blackstrap, and the scouring Is aid to have neen caused by the fer mentation of the sugar In the diges tive tract. It is a well recognized Tract that there is considerable diffi culty experienced in rearing calves on sVIm milk. The substitution for skim milk of blackstrap molasses, or any combination including molasses, would appear to the average layman , familiar with the matter, as being of doubtful propriety in feeding young calves. To successfully rear yoang calves nature's own way Is the moat certain, but modern methods are trying to discover effective and more economic methods, and the re- suit of the present bulletin is to in dicate that low grade molasses la not well adapted to the feeding of young calves, although very superior aa a carbo-hydrate stock feed in a general way. Simple Slaughtering Outfit. Figure 1 shows a big galvanized Iron wasbtub set upon a few bricks piled up for the occasion. A small are can be built beneath, which will. Fig 1 Tub For HeatiDg Water. , of course, melt off the coating of cine a the bottom of the tub, but this will , do no great harm. Such a tub costs . abont seventy-five cents, and can be parch as ed anywhere. rig. J Slaughtering Table and Vat. Fig. 3 la the table and hogshead for acaldlng and taking off lialr, craping, etc. Tit S Framework For Smoke Outfit. Fig. 1 is the framework on which t build the smoking box. ' Ai to the Ilirds. Farmers who have In en studying the use of, various birds to their grow ing crops, feel much l.'ss aiilmosity sfKinst the crow, blackbird and Mue J.y than formerly Xo'r it Las lt n proved ibatthehe birds aid the far u or more than they hurt him. Tha t al low, !ft and nlphtin rale fire the ge.ai'Li'.g of the atmosphere, f. tdirc. CO U-o and' taklnir from t!.e air ht"f f.'Wis of Imerts .ti.M rr-iV.t en-tuttfy-r tU" fruit tre"s.' t.-!p !. (!.'( 1 i'J. ai.fl ri'l f'B fc-". : i' vuar ( r tK titnkr. of tie .-, 'st'.ng ; a t . 1 : s tl .t iiJ ire t :. t t .1' k of ck- i I 1 r . f. ' i ' 5" I MM IS and oats. They scarcely partake of corn except In -the autumn. The snipe and woodcock are the guardians of the subsoil, reaching far down into the earth after hatching larvae and Insects that would soon attack the roots of the growing crops. The long persecuted crow is really the farmers' friend, for he destroys more Insects than the average bird and rarely pulls up the corn, as alleged. He has been known to eat 200, grasshoppers in a single hour. The pretty quail, whose life has been spared by the- hunter only because of the laws of several States, eats the weed seeds, which, would otherwise scatter, and is also' a good feeder on Insect life. The grouse of the West as well as the East is a great eater of grubs and grasshop pers and all forms of insects. Week ly Witness. . Tasture Without Grain. At the Mississippi Experiment Sta tion careful teats have been made to determine the value of alfalfa pasture without grain for hogs. Pigs ranging in age from three to twenty-four months have been used, and the re sult of two years' work show that al falfa is little more than a main tenance ration for growing hogs with out grain. Satisfactory gains have always been secured from alfalfa pas tures by supplementing the pasture with from one to two per cent, of the weight of the hogs In corn or other grafu.. ' Cowpeas without grain so far have given better results than any other crop for hog pasture. In one test the crop was grown on thin hill land, where one acre of cowpeas produced 360 pounds of pork. In another test on rich valley land one acre ot cow peas produced 483, pounds of pork. The hogs were pat in the field when the peas were about ripe. sreab Sorghum as Forage Plant. The Florida Agricultural Experi ment Station at Gainesville, Fla., has recently Issued Bulletin No. 2, In which it discusses the whole sorghum question, including classifications, soils, adaptation for ensilage, method of planting, fertilizing, cultivation and its value for hay and for pastur ing. It has frequently occurred to us that In the sugar sections of Louis iana we have paid less attention to sorghum as a forage plant than we should have done. . In the bulletin under consideration certain varieties are shown to have given from six to as high as nineteen tons of green forage per acre, and yield in seed, or rather grain, per acre from COO pounds to over 2100 pounds. The sorghum plant Is a wonderful forage producer, and perhaps we shall learn more about It in the future than we have been inclined to learn about it in the past. Value of Sheep on the Farm. W. J. Duffel, president of the Texas Sheep and Goat Breeders' Associa tion, says, speaking of sheep: "Sheep pay more on the Investment than any other domestic animals. Sheep and diversification keep the farmers' chil dren in school instead of In the cotton patch. Sheep eat about 55 0 different kinds ot noxious weeds; cows eat from 150 to 200 kinds, while horses eat less than 100 kinds. Sheep not only destroy noxious weeds, but they Improve the grasif on a pasture by exterminating the weeds, Land also Improves with sheep running on It, as is well known all over the civilized world." ... , : . . rinnt More Fe;as. Hers is a crop of which you cannot have any over production. The peas soil for $2 per bushel. If you cannot sell them you can food thein. The vines are worth $1$ per ton aa hay. They actually leave your land in bet ter condition, besides giving you two paying crops. Yet, we hiard one farmer ay, "Fens are too high to grow." They may not be too high to buy but we cannot see how they can get too high to grow. Southern CuU tivator. ' To Rid lour Fijr of Lire. If the pigs are lo'uby when weaned dip them twice ten days apart. Put up Bhort posts in the feed lot and pastures. Wrap these posts with old sacks and once a w eek saturate the pucks with crude oil or kerosene. The pins will rub on Jheso Riid the oil will kill the lice. 1C II. Cottrell. Super intendent of , Fanners' li:ititutf-.v Colorado. 1! 1 vi? Cm' l'i-n nf Old Home. . n In M,. iM;;i -i ar dupe 1 1 . --It s.i U. old leeei.ti c nuKiM !.. V, I kv. till ii to '. ' i , art. The liorran (ustoni v... l :tf tin try V ,". i s j't d arom.d tl.n ;. r ! n ... s on- - !:OUl 1:T, !. V'ir g TI10 Sinking of the Dirkcnhcad. How Sha Went Down Off the Caps of Good Hopo. Visitors to the hospital ot the old pensioners at Chelsea will, perhaps, have noticed in the colonnade a elm pie memorial tablet, placed lbt?re by order of the late Queen Victoria, to rocord the heroic constancy and disci pli'ne of the officers and soldiers who lost their lives in the wreck of the transport Birkenhead, off the Cape of Good Hope, on Fcbruar? 28, 1852 On January 7 of that year, after em barking re-enforcement s amounting to fifteen officers and 476 men for the troops engaged in the Kaffir War, the Birkenhead left Ireland for the cape. On board were also 168 women and children, the wlv9 and families of soldiers. All'went well until the transport - Teached Simon's Town, where tn officer and eighteen men wer"landed; the ship continued her rCurse on the evening of February 25. But the captain, in his anxiety for a quick passage, unfortunately kept so close to the shore that during the night the ship got among the rocks which line the coast. About three miles off Danger Point, at 2 o'clock In the morning of the 26th, while all except those on watch were Bleeping peacefully in their ham mocks, the ship st.'uck with a violent shock. The bulk of the men on board were young soldiers who had been but a short time in the service, yet they behaved with as much coolness as though they were on their parade ground, and with as much courage as if In action in the field. The rush of water on the Birken head striking was so great that most ot the soldiers on the lower troop deck were drowned in their ham mocks. The remainder, with all the officers, appeared on deck, many only partly dressed, and fell In as orderly and as quietly as on. the barrack square. Calling the officers round him, Lieutenant-Colonel Seton. of the Seventy-fourth Highlanders, the sen ior officer on board, impressed on them the necessity for preserving or der and silence among the mon. The services ofi the next senior. Captain Wright, Nlnety-flrrt Highlanders, were placed at the disposal of the commander of the ship to carry out whatever orders be might consider essential. Sixty men were put on the rhaln pumps on the lower after deck, and told off In three reliefs; sixty more were put onto the tackles of the paddlebox boats, and the remainder were brought onto the poop to ease the fore part ot the ship, aa she was rolling heavily. The commander next ordered the officers' chargers to be pitched out ot the gangway. The plunging and terrified horses' were got up and cast over, five of them managing to swim ashore. The-cut-tor was then got ready for the women and children, who had been collected under the poop awning; and they were passed in one by one. There being room In the boat for one or two more, the order was given for any trumpeter or bugle boys to be taken. A young drummer standing near was told by an officer to get into the boat, but, drawing himself up, be refused, exclaiming that he drew man's pay and would stick by his comrades. To Try Growing Hemp in' Wisconsin. Experiments in the growing of hemp in Wisconsin will be conducted by the agronomy department of the TJnlversity ot Wisconsin in cc-opera-tloa with, the United States Depart ment ot Agriculture and the State Board of Control. The farms, ot ihe State penitentiary at Waupun, , tbe Jieudota insane asylum and' the agri cultural experiment station at Mad ison have been chosen for the exper iment, which, will be carried on un der the supervision of L. H. Dewey, a government agronomist . The plan is to discover what soils in this State are best adapted to the culture of hemp, and whether crops can be pro duced at a price to make possible Its use tor binder twine. Eiperlments will also be made with various ma chines for the separation of the fibres from the plant, and to dlncover the economic value of hemp as a rota tion crop. Madison Corespondenc Milwaukee Sentinel. Wandering Molecules. Even the-moBt solid metals lose some of their molecules by dispersion from the surface, but some curious peculiarities are observed ia the pro cess of molecular dispersion. For instance, when a piece of gold is pressed against a piece of lead, some of the molecules of the former dis poraa Into the lead. The process Is, of course, eitremely Flow, and years are required before Its effects be come evident. But, slow as it is, the dispersion of the niolooul-s of gold Into a wnss of k-ad takos p!r.o fasfcT tliua into either air or wuu-r. The surfure moltcules oZ water -!iS)erse rffdll.v iiito air, but refute to enUr oil. 'ihe n.oleculia of t.i'.t disirc o'lk klj in w ater, hut n-e to m. r iiir, or mo:,t oo;'i!h. i!i hy tk i..Li'e y on 1.' Kit .. Or: t. i ii a j . -; u ; at i " u of 1 1 , The cutter then shoved oft in charge of one of the ship's officers, and the women and children were safe. No sooner was she clour than the entire bow of the vessel broke off nt tbe foremast, the bowsprit going up In the air toward the fore-topmast; the funnel also went over the side, arrylng away the starboard paddle box and boat and crushlnR the men on the tackles. The paddlebox boat capnlxed on being lowered, and the large boat in the centre ot the ship could not be got up. The men were then ordered onto the poop, where they stood calmly awaiting their fate. Within a few minutes the vessel broke In two, cross-wise. Just Bbaft the engine room, and the stern be gan rapidly to fill. In this extremity the commander called out: "Those who can swim Jump overboard and make for the boats." but th6 officers begged the soldiers not to, as the boat with the women and children would be swamped. They were younK men la the prime of life, with all before them, yet no one moved, nor did any sign of terror or fear escape them. Lower and lower sank the vessel Into the deadly sea. The old transport shivered, gave a final plung9, and disappeared, carrying with her tbe band ot beroes on deck and those working below at the pumps. Men of all ages and ranks they were the colonel and the drummer hoy, officers ot gentle birth, and men from the workshop, the plow and the mine; but all animated with the Bams heroic resolution, fortitude and chiv alry as cool as though they had been on their parade ground, with as much courage as In action in the field. A few managed to cling to the rlx&lng ot'the mainmast, part of which re mained out of water, while others got hold of floating pieces of wood and were eventually rescued, but of fourteen officers and 458 men no fewer than nine officers and 349 men perished, many falling a prey to the attacks of the sharks, which sur rounded the ships in shoals, waiting for their victims. Every womau and child was saved. " It need hardly be said that the ap palling extent ot the misfortune cast a gloom over the whole community, a grief which was only lessened by admiration for the extraordinary dis cipline and fortitude displayed from the time tbe ship struck until she to tally disappeared. There was not a murmur till she made her final plunge. The senior surviving officer likened the scene to an ordinary dis embarkation, only a more orderly one than lie ever remembered to have wit nessed. The Duke of Wellington, as Commander-in-Chief, gave fitting ex pression to the feelings of the army on the subject; but perhaps the great est compliment ever paid to the mem ory of the brave was the order ot the King of Prussia for the account of the wreck of the Birkenhead to be read on three successive parades at the head of every regiment in his army; and It was spoken of in every school In Prussia and Germany. Lonaon Clobe. . Strength of Kings. Some elaborate calculations, backed by experiments, have been re cently made in England to deter mine the breaking strength of rings. It dppears that a ring, of ductile metal, like malleable iron, will be pulled out into tbe form ot a long link before it breaks, and that the ultimate strength of the ring is vir tually Independent of its diameter, Fracture finally occurs as the result of almost rure tension, and the re sistance to breaking is a little less than twice that of a rod of the same cross-section subjected to a straight pull. As the ring Increares in diame ter there appears to be a slight ap proach toward equality, with double the strength of a bar. Thus a three inch ring, made of three-quartor-inch lion, broke at nineteen and one-half tons; a four-inch ring at 19.9 tons, and a six-inch ring at twenty tons, the strength of a bar of the same metal being ton and one-hnlf tons Slh-Iiiji Lightning Strike. In July lust William r Rio,., ,,t Crelghton University had the unusual fortuuo to see a bolt of llghtulr.rj strike an Isolated co-.tonwonri i. about a quarte- of a mi'j aviny. The nasn erpearel a "suptrb column or shaft of licht tbot r, feet high and eieht to twelve inchc:! in diameter, i.erfecilv sirii.-ht. v;-r- una struily.'- Tho shaft wm i while, hut its .i4 e was' tu,?cd wl-h ! red. Tills cilni"u te-etr.. J to slant ' betwoon two i. u . of tree, mid luMt-J auoi.-. iw,) kccoi 03 j Afterward Sir. I.te found tl,; ,,a 1 of the two trur.iM of t!K. ifouV,. t, ' had its t.ark stiij ;u-J off ia le(,Ul,e : of a iiUon tiu inches s.i.je tn,i .v, u 1 yards long. 1 he oth"r f m.k rho J two furr.n(t Li . f : , r. : n v. t n ;. ,( e ' 1 f roue 1 ' I i f 1 . i r..i ir r , v ! J n ' .-1 hy n j i. : e tf .... , . ; " ;. rw v. ; -i o 1 u of f . ,. ' I 1 , At t cr Riif ferlng: for seven ream tuts woninn was restored to hei.i!k ly I.,dla li. PI cklmm-i Vtlffi -.y j ... m veeetaal Compound. Head lier letter. Mrs Pallia French, of Paucaanla. Ind. ler, writes to Mrs. PinkW 4 1 had female troubles for ie,p' years was all run-down, and 10 n. voua I ccuild cot do anything. Tll doctors treated me for different troub't. but did me no good. While In thisoin. ditlnn 1 wrritn in Xfr Pir,l.V. . vice and took Lrdla E. Plukham's Yee. table Compound, and I am now troij and well." FACTS FGrt SIC:i WOMEN. For thirty years Lydia E. Pink, barn's Vegetable Compound, rua.lo from roots and herbs, has been tti& Standard remedy for female His, andhas positively cured thousands of women who have leen troubled with d isplacements, inflammation, ulcere. tion, fibroid tumors, irrejruhiritiea, periodic) pains, backache, that lienr-tog-down feeling, iiatulency,indifrp. tion,dizziness,or nervous prostration. "Why don't you try it 1 Don't hesitate to write to Mrs, Pinkliam U there Is anything about your sleknens you do no? understand. She will treat your letterliieonftdenccnndadvlseyou free. No woman ever regretted writlnjr her, and because of her vant experience she has helped thousauds. AdO.resH, Ly nu, JIosn. Model Villages In Hungsry. The progress of the Agricultural Alinlatry In dealing ,ith tbe form tion of new villages and of cepeopllnj those suffering seriously from declin toes on apace in Hungary. A rr port just puhllshod shows that tJf, State bos allocated 32.874 acres of Ml own property for sixteen settlements on which 1,690 families have bees iven tiewr homes. Two now model villages have bee formed named Igazfalva and Sziragyl. while some thirteen conre have been resuscitated. Several interesting fea tures demand attention. For Instance, the erpenses of a church are the more eaBlly borne because the Inhahitanti of such a village settlement are biual ly ot the same religious faith. Lift (1 more (bearable within these pro tected or aided areas. Land fooi land Is chtjaper. Terms of purchase extend over a long period, and the lntaro&t la Tnn sylvanla 4s only 2 rer' cent., rising In some of the other districts to 4 per cent. More than 2,250,000 Crowes have been - repaid by the n? settlers and only 1B9,00 crowns of the purchase money remains outstand ing. la the selection of the peasant farm ers great rare Is shown and ail ar subjected to a severe examination. In many cases the new farmers have been supplied gratis with seeds, fruit trees ivnd catile for breeding Pf poses, and Bxrial funds iiave bea provided Tcr the laying out and nuk ing of new roads. Uiidapcat corre spondence PaM 'Mill Gazette. FULLY NOURISH KD Grapr-NuLsaPi-rfiHt.'y Balanced Food. No chemist's analysis of Gmr Nnts can begin to show the real value or the food the prartlcBl value M shown by personal experience. It is a food that is perfectly bal anced, supplies the needed elemen t of bruin and liorves in all stages of life from tho Infant, through th BtrdDuous times of active middle y and Is a comtort and support in " age. "For two years I hova used G'K' raits with mt! nud a i.nle cronm, f'' lireakfuBt. 1 am comfortably huLtr? for my diiinor ot iwua, "1 use llUle m-'tt, plenty of vcie-t-ablts and fru:;, til nnita, fur tt noou meal, and it tired H tea tmm. take (j.-a,;f Nn'i akme and U--i i"-'' fectly r.o'ii ;h'.j' i1. "l-n re n ud In uin ! or, B"'i i' -' J cry are wich Improved iwe 1 ; (JiapeNuts. 1 iuu c'T !' u ' j v.r!ii ij,5 ihb. :.; " -hi lJ-' ' f.lllS ll'J 1 1:.. i Ill.plUI.-. J. "" U : I :i C'l'U 1 .'.'u t .i. My !. hi a trav.-'.lni! eat s nc:l.:i..- t,r;.i).f;: t"' Nuts k r.il a i'l.is; .! ! A'' ':l''' j i M -.-. i.lv, ) I v i . .'.,;.!. ! . . .," 1 1 , . r r : ' '. '