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Southern; Agricultural Topics..
, ---r ; ' ' - Moiern Method That Are Helpful to Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stockman. ' Cottonseed Meal. As a furnisher of protein for the balancing of a ration there are few If any cheaper concentrates. It Is an especially good feed for milch cows when properly mixed, but Is not re garded as a good feed for hogsas It Is claimed that cottonseed meal from some cause not well understood, will kill boss. Cottonseed meal Is cow selling at about $2 0 per ton and contains about forty-four per cent, of protein, besides come oil and other carbonaceous material. Considered for Its fertiliser value there are seven pounds nitrogen In every hundred pounds of the meal, about two pounds of potash and about two pounds of phosphoric acid, thess calculated at market prices would be about the following: Seven pounds of nitrogen at twen ty cents equals $1.40; two pounds of potash at five cents equals ten cents; two pounds of phosphoric acid at five cents equals ten cents; making to tal of $1.60, which Is practically the cost of ths cottonseed meal. By us ing It to balance up the cow feed and carefully saving the manure It Is possible to save about seventy-five per cent, of Its fertilizer value as well as to get Its full feed value. A. J, Legg, Albion, W. Va.- Effective Wagon Jack. A is of oak Xi4x33 Inches; B Is 2x 4x14 Inches; C Is 12 Inches long and eer v is o leet long, tne short end -being I fcot. The drawing explains I Bermuda to Control Crab Grass. Efforts to grow alfalfa in the South are becoming much more numerous; and under sultableconditions the ef forts are being successful.. The lack of a well prepared seed-bed with a firm foundation Is one frequent draw back. Trying to use land that Is not fertile enough or not well drained Is another. In some cases Innocula- tlon of land would have made suc cess rnore certain. These handicaps all are things that can be got around, but there Is one drawback that we do not yet know how to get around that is crab grass. A harrow somewhat like a disc harrow is on the market, that has about twenty flverelghths-inch spikes in the place -of each disc; and it is claimed that It will give alfalfa new life and pull ut the crab grass. But we are not Informed how bad the crab grass can be on the land, or how suited to rab grass the land can be, for this larrow to kill the grass and save the alfalfa. This particular harrow "is rather expensive for a email farmer to buy; and it is desired to find some way the Bmall farmer who has crab grass land that is rich enough for ; alfalfa can insure alfalfa a&alnst tQe ! grass. Here Is a place that some reader miT elve helD of untold worth If he now has or gets experience of the J kind desired. On land that Is suited to Johnson grass and alfalfa, the two crops grow well together. ' . Al falfa has been crown with Bermu da also. What Is wanted Is to learn under what, if any, conditions, John aon gross or Bermuda has been grown with alfalfa on crab grass land; and how well the alfalfa succeeded: also, whether the crab graR3 nuturally grows thriftily on the plowed land of the farm that is land of like nature. It is urged that no one,iio can give Information tequestod will fall to do so. Our readers often ask en for Information; and we want to turn It around and have our readers help us and our readers. This In formation Is wanted at o:t-3. Fleas note, we wl?h to Kara whf-'.lier Ber muda or Jolintion grass "v. ill down creb grass and eunble alfa'.la to Eov on ' cri'.b rass land. We know nlfalfn will grow with fit her Bermuda or Johnion (trass, to a dis cussion of thai quesiion is r.t nked; but whether rl'her of these to g'ash'-a will make nlfaifa groiiiK en crab ia.-s la i.cl a mere yj mid IS it will, what ihii crr.iiitii.r.s have been. Ch.:s. M. .Si lier.v. in I'i-o;:ri'Si.ve Farmer. S;iui 1 or r:ii!ii7!iieii. t'.r- 1.: : J ' y ' " vi.'ti i;i:;y. I .,r tr. ' s - . t f mV:.'? : ft! 1 .r.i, r' vine.. : .v V. 1 V.S K ') 1 1 1 . ...il V : ii; ! i , . . i ' .'. : - ( ::! l.,-i :: as hatching Is over with and they are in good condition. Pullets, if well developed, will be better winter layers. Open the hen house sure. Let the pure air and the breezes In. Good air Is worth as much as good feed. Old birds need no protection now further than a rain-proof roof. Do not be annoyed by keeping more than one breed of chickens, un'vess making a specialty of selling breeders; and even then it is doubt ful that it will bo best to have more than one breed. ' There is as much In the poultry man an there Is In the breed of poul try. Don't get a start with good birds and then neglect them. Tbey must have a chance to do good work or they will not make their owner glad. Kill the rats. They are among the worst thieves of the poultry yard. They destroy ooth enormous quantities of feed and many young birds, and are so sly about It that bait the time their depredations are cot laid to them. Those who want, eggs sometimes make the mistake of waiting till they want the eggs before they begin to push the pullets for them. They should be fed so as to develop well long before winter eggs are wanted. Extra care later cannot make good any neglect of to-day. Poultry keeping, does not require much hard work, but It Is not a busi ness in which loafers have success. By systematizing the work, however. It can be disposed of with little trou ble. Do it regularly and It will al most seem to do Itself. Poultry keeping on the farm calls for less work than anywhere else. The dry mash mixture used by the Maine Experiment Station is com posed of two parts by weight of wheat bran and one part each of corn meal, middlings, gluten meal or brewers' grain, linseed meal and beef scrap. Mix up a quantitr at ohe time by shoveling it over and over, then store it away to draw on when feed ing is to be done. An orchard of fruit trees is an ex cellent place to keep young chirks it the grass is not so high as to wet them too much while the dew Is on. Ths youngsters will race about and pick up many bugs that the trees are better off without, and will lso get good shade from the trees. Those who have bare poultry yards can well plant fruit trees la them. The droppings will make the trees graw rapidly. Progressive Farmer, Growing Strawberries. ' Trim the roots of strawberry plants to about two-thirds of their length when they arrive from the nursery. They will then make better growth am the plants win De stronger, ine cut shows the growth of roots three weeks old. Home and farm. A Turkey Farmer's Secret. A turkey farmer pointed to a small mill wherein a petroleum engine chupned, chugqed vigorously. 'Jn that rolll," be said, "the feed for my 2000 turkeys is ground. The secret of successful turkey raising lie in abundant feeding. It ktp tlx men busy to feed roy birds. "They are fed five times A day, nnd caeh turkey gets as much i.s he can held. Carrots lolled in lard, and crushed barley and milk are very good fatteners, and tho birds stuff the in wives wl'h them. Then, the Ir.sr. thing before going to rooi-t they eat all tlie oatmeal porridge and but termilk they can fin room fur. "Cocks cost more than livtis on the market, because they nre harder to raVe. If they g'-t together they fi-ht u'.ui kill one ano'hei, arid vhey eM five times as much ns a li-n. "A ( V I tire hems U fitro I.- i:.:ide to mail'. a la. I ;:i.t I v;:i".;'r. This vineir i..a,.s i. .5 u li'ie i-.rri Wi'Iei; tvli'.cut L v.-mild he (imrt-e ati.V to.;i "A tu;l.ty f;,i:,i !: i, j.ayi i 'v '. ' in S 1 :. 'Hi to - 0 a v. .,r "This Is the tlnio St year when the old fnllaoy connecting hot days and -mad dogs' beslr to s0 uew s'sa' of llto," sali a physician. "As a mat ter of fact, bydroprobift baa no more to do with tho temperature than it bas with the climate of Hawaii. Hy drophobia Is a germ disease and the gwm s Just as active In January as It ia in July. Dog? go "mai" in the win ter Just as frequently as they1 do In tlie summer, all popular superstition to the contrary notwiths.Umd!ng. "Dog days" In tho latter part of summer, have nothing to do wtth hydrophobia but are so called because that ia tho eason when Slrlus, the dog star, ris In conjunction with 'the sun. "Tho germ of hydrophohla attack tie throat of the animal. Irritating tie glands and finally closing tie passage, Hydrophobia means, literally, 'afraid of water," and It Is commonly suppos ed that a mad dog dreads the touch and sight of it. The ooatrary Is true. The aclmnl craves water and will run any distance afterr it, but an attempt to swaVIow Increases its agony and often results In denth. ..This if tt only -connection brftween water and dog madness. Of course hydrophobia la a real and dangerous disease, and the greatest care should be taken to avoid an animal apparently afflicted; but many-useful and valuable dogs art ueedlossly killed every year by panJo trioken people. Take on chances, but don't kill your dog Just because be is hot and dusty and his tongue U hanging out." Birmingham News. PFATH TO KINO WORM. "Everywhere I go I pak for tsttsbws, beoause It owed me of rlngwom in its worst form. My whole chest from neck to waist was raw as beef; but httii oured me. It also cured a bad case of piles." So rmUn. 11. K.Jones of iiS Tannelilll St., I'ltuburg, Pa. Titibriks, the great akin remedy, is sold by drutftrisU or sent by mall for 60c. Ft lie J. T. bui'rxaiMC, Dept. A, Eavannah, (la. An Interesting product shipped re cently from a well known New En land plant was 'a three-ply leathei belt, 141 feet long and seventy-twt Inches wide. 1 ' John R. Dickoy's old reliable eye water cures sore eyos or granulated lids, Don't hurt, feels good; get the genuine in red box. Eays Ernest Ren,an, my craving to be Just has prevented me from be'.ng obliging. I am too much impressed with the Idea that In doing one per son a service you as a rule disoblige another person; that to further the chances of one coompetltor Is very of ten equlvabnt to an Injury upon nn- other. NO WEED TO CCT CORNS. Just paint them with Abbott's ht iir DiAit coax faint, following directions on ths bottle, and you'll have no more corns. It oures bard corns on top of the toes, soft corns between them, bullions or sore, cal lous spots on the feet wit hout cutting, burn lag or leaving any soreness. 2So. at drug stores or by mail fom Tbi Abbott Co., bsvsnnah, Us. MODERN BUSINESS ETHICS. "Oh tii at a boy of mine ahould live to disgrace his family!" "Why. dad, what's the matter with you? It's all right. . I got off on a technicality." Kansas City Journal. Proof is inexhaustible tliat Lydia K. Finkhuiu's Vc-ffctaWo Compound enrrifs women safely through the Change of Life. ttertd tho Utter Jfrs. E. Hanson, S04 E. Ixng St., Columbus, Ohio, writes to liid. rinkhtim: " I was pasincr throuph tho Chanpa of Life, and suffered from tiervous cess, headaches, aud other annoying symptoms. My doctor toll me tlmt Ljdia li Pinkhaui's Vegetable Com pound was good for ine, and since tail ing it I feel so much better, and I can a-niu do my own work. 1 tir rcr forif 't to tell my friends v.hat Lvdia 1". J'iuk ham's Vegetable tXiniponul did for uin during tbis trying poriod." fact 3 ron Etcii vc:.:c;i. Fur t tiirty years I.ydi.i I'.. I'inlc lia.m'3 VciTt'taiiif! Coh!ik;ui!'1, m.cia frdin ruots and Lcn lias b. n t;,e Ktanil.ud rcnirdy f.r l-'i!.a!o i!Js. nd has posh i ve !y en n--l tlnnitni'.sf'i' Trmiu-n who !!.! l " : u troul m;.1i t'.il IDCt:!", !' HI 'l!ii ". lil.-'T.I- tioti, libroi I r.. :.-rs iuv. : .,n jnodio T'iitc. I .fk.i. ?h", t!".t 1 "ar-ri,T-dnwn i' ii itnii -ivy, i:. f .:!,:" '-''"I ii''lv.':-il'!.,.t:':Mo'L 1 Ly dur.'t y. ' try ii 't Mrs. l .'i i ItmK's nil silk vir.i-n U v ''" t.'r ir r.'lli-o, i-llC 1 1 ) S '..!! .1 fli"ir i -1 tO ( V . ''Mi i -'! ffi Farm Topics. V i. i DKNT COHN 1'OH FILOS. Pr. Kast B-iys that tho dent coin Is raised principally for ih. r.llos and the Hint varletioa for the crib, a rea sonable division, tiiotifch tliu author thlnk3 that flint varictlos c;ui be pro duced that will compare favorably with the dents in the same growing period, while the flint possi'sjjs a slightly higher feeding value. SULPHUR DRIVES AWAY R ATS. Here Is a farmer's mode of rlddln? his premises o. rats and mice. If you sprinkle sulphur on your bnrn floor and through your corn as you gather It there will not be rat or mouse to bother. I have done this for years and have never been both ered with rats or mice. I have Bomo old corn in my crib at present and not a rat or mouse can be found. In stacking hay or oats sprinkle on the ground and a little through each load, my word for it, rats or mice can't stay there. A pound of sulphate will be suffi cient to preserve a large barn of corn, and is good for stock and will not hurt the corn or bread. Forest Republican. GOOD COW3 AND GOOD CARE. Cows are paying as well as .any thing on our farms. At least they do for me, but they must be fnlrly good cows to start with, fed well and given good care. We should use our cows and all stock as well as we do a potato field. No one would plant a variety of pota toes that he knew would not produce half a crop, neither would ore half feed the crop, but he must have the best of seed, plenty of high-priced phosphate, and then give the crop care and attention when needed. Then one can expect, and very like ly will get, a good and paying crop. If we keep cows we should give them a fair show. We can't, etpect something for nothing, and we will not get it. O. B. Foster, in the American Cultivator. POULTRY NOTES. It is from the well-mated raren' that the most vigorous offspring owe such a blessing. When cleaning perrhps In the poul try house, it is necessary lo clean the under side as well as the top. Dampness and draughts ruin moio fowls and breed more disease than everything else combined. The constant handling of eggs in an Incubator sometimes causes a failure to hatch if the bands are greasy. By using milk to mix up the soft feed. Instead of water, it will give better returns than anything else it could be used for. i Small eggs from immature pullets. ruls-8hapen eggs, exra large egs, and eggs that have been covered with filth should not be used for batching. PUT IN EARLY CORN. A few acres of early corn will come In mighty nice after the pastures have been eaten down so that they offer a scant living. An acre or two of evergreen sweet corn is Erst rate to start oft the feeding season with, and then, .unless you have a very early dent corn, plant a few acres in some flint corn. This makes ideal stuff for August feeding and It will tide over until the regular field crops can be used. This is a matter of much Importance this season, be cause many liave sold their lust year's crops down close and the pastures and the early crops must be depend ed upon to carry the stock up to fall, jmik't is another crop which will fill in nicely after Nio pastures are gone. After the fine feed the pas tures are now giving, stock will need plonty of green feed to keep them going up to fall. Indiana Farmer. A STRAW CARRIER. The handlcat device I ever saw for retrying hay or straw v. as niaiin an follows: Take a pieco of sacking a!. out nine feet Jons and four fed wi'le; put a three inch hem at Lot h niils of this; Blip a flat s;ick or p'.at in each end of hem and then t;ui: 'lie slats in place. Put a rii.i; in cie md and a cord arid stk'k at t!.e ntliT. :7 7j) ' , ' ' - ' 7. 1 y V . V-.J I.By l.V 1 ;i! I i . - s- VW Uul ;;:ui:.l - - t'.i n v .Mi hi- y nr r.:ra , 1 . i t w : '. ' ' i U tc i.-.tvr a:r- t : . . Mid , .: ' ii i bi. (:. i; j ,. , ' - ''" iM'Ml'.i' en ;.,, V:' ;i t!.!s vn-x,h v. , , ,. ; d ft o:i... I in o , I,. . , ,. , ti ' 1 A. !'.!.: j... , . . ; , l. .. L A Rcmarki3!5"kNovcn Mrs. Frank Stroebo, R p , , ton, Wis., writes: "I beg10 ,',;' ' .na a fow months sso.whm a,, and stroncth wore ll Cune ,r!; nothing bnt a ncrvoui w'mi, not sleep, eat or ret prop,rl, no desire to live. Pornm at life in a different liRhLu I v refrain my lost itronih "I certainly think l'er'nn.i,. rival a a tonic fnittmon, I'robably from iii iH,., man In the moon a baiK, come up to his expectation Hicks' Capudine CaiWw, U hether tired out, x-ornn), ov what not It refrwl, V: it drug Z The Most Deliciom E;7 Many a Chinaman ia N-i would like to have those ah: of Andrew CarneRie's IIIoom By a son of Confucius bo:: tmoro prized than an Ji!Ied : Americans use the teim lllcene, as if it meant the t: rotten egg. Fir fiom It. A. laddled Is merely In the ear!. . of decomposition. The F; cure hangs his tnftits, poul fish, etc., until they ore Isiacofe." All offensive i!-. pear In tho cooking. A rot" one of ths foul things of n: : ;e stale egg.' properly preja-ii. All the "strictly freshe;" c ':. to a table. I want to claim this tntfr, .ehould like to hava It pa!i marked and copyrighted. T.: jlmpossiblo to eat and enjir .boiled esg nowadays on khe toughness and iireior. the white, I Instructed di; ive each egg a thorough i.;., fare cooking. The idea w ' perfectly in the shell th 1 (yellow. It was exqulil(e!T t iful. You could never Imrfv hlng hotter. A few d:-'i -bought a milkshake maohis. ; way be seen In all public r-i 'summer. Instead of ciU glaJ9, I filled the latter kon and put in the egg. A of the crank and as Dc,r.vf itLjre you are! New York ? WIFE WON. n-jsluind Finally Co.irim Some meu 8re wise en new foods and beversgt s grnerouB enough to gin i benefit of their experience. A very conservative"' I'-' however, let his good ! for hert.olf what a blrs.iisf P to those who are distressed !' ways, by drinking, coffc. 1 writes: "No slave in chains, It me, was more helpless thic i ' captive. Yet there were h : warnlngs waking from i ' sleep wtth a feeling of m! times dizzy and out of hfi'' Of palpitation of the heart i: :' emd me. "Coinmon sense, reaa. better Judgment told l' drinking was the trouble- ' nervous system was so t that my physician orderid ! coff.-e.' -Ho knew he a 1 knpvi' I kni'W It. too. I ri Prior to this our fan) !r 1 Post u in but disliked It. ' we learned later, It " right. -Determined this li:-"-Post u m a f:iir trial, I IliY '; cordlnji to dacetious nn that In. boiicd It 15 c boiinig coianiiiv": i. f J' ' brown H-.ulJ itb a f.sivotir Biiiu.'ar to 01 rr'iini nml nntaf were 1. L it oi:y pood but d' 'i 1 ' "Nxtlu-j Its ben. f . ' n-i;i of ti.e fa::ii!J' n ; ;.t ii i y liiisl.an'l. ' ' i. 1 ..It tl :.t tofi -C- hurt !. '' W( i'. v. I J':i; P.i .!;, .. ,1 (Jiir:: - :m t v- o or 1 1 i ' : n. to i.j fcarjn--. ! I '.i:' d--: ' 1 I ' v I