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HOME CF THE DCLL.
Method of the Ingenious Thurlng!a Toymakera. Dollmnklng dirt not Iiocomo conspic uous ns no Industry In the Thurlnghin mountains .until the middle of the nlno- teenth century, when u citizen of -nebcin brought from London n doll which was regarded s great c,lllos, ty. It huj come originally from C'hlim, and Its head, logs unci arms were mov able. This furnished nn Inspiration to the Ingenious 'iyuurlngliin toymukers, who promptly lniifvcl upon It. t'p to tliMt time they !t'I made "H only of wornl iiikI leather. I'i'i '" they evolved the wax head nt tlrst a crude article, the wnx being applied with n brush, but lnler brought to high per fection, thanks, It Is wilil, to nn acci dental discovery. A mini engaged In milking the hernia dropped a thhnlilu Into hla pot of fluid wnx mid on taking It out found It covered with a smooth and ben 11 1 If u I coat of the substance. He was not Blow to seize the Idea, the 'result being the adoption of the dip ping process, the lliuil touches of color being Hit on with n camel's linlr pen cil. loiter on the moVable eyes nnd Closing lids, to feign sleep, were lidded, nnd the fleeco of the Angorn gnat was substituted for hiiiniin hnlr In tho inak llig of wigs, holding Its color nnd curl much better, the dull ns It Is known today thus assuming its dual and highly urtlsllc form. Dressing the dolls nfter they lire made bus become nn Industry in w hic h numbers of women nnd girls nro em ployed. For the Mnnll, inexpensive dolls little chemises, llnished with n rufllo of luce nrounil the neck and arms, are nnide by hundreds and re quire no skilled labor for their con struction. Iteno liai lie III Circle. LAND AND WATER BOATS. Oueer Vessels That Are Used In Wild Timber Districts. Deep In the wilds of the Canadian timber Innds nnd in n number of the .ortherii lumber districts of the United states wondcrfs; bouts climb lillls, reep through swamps mil woods, mp niverro sinnll streams from one lake rwtl j 'jo another and even climb upon freight prs If long transportation Is ucces-ry. 'rr .-i.mtuj h st amboat nnd stontn ..I l.tr.A.I ..... ' i! v"ii uuini, ciitr I'liKicii: itiic i'v jV"" tw wr fi drive the puddle ..bed or twin screws, iicccn cling to which of the two the boat Is equipped I wltb,or drive a cubic drum which holds a mile of five eighths Inch steel cable used for warping and crossing portages. At the end of n water Journey the . cable is carried to a tree some distance Inland and nt one side of the path des ignated for the boat to pass over. Fuss ed through u pulley block. It Is carried 'back to the boat nnd run through n pulley block nt tho bow. Then, re turned Inland again. It Is fastened to a tree on the oilier side of the put li and Just opposite the first tree, thus mak ing It .possible for the hont to travel a straight course without dodging the anchor trees. The engine Is geared to the cable drum, and the cumbersome but powerful craft commence lis rods strewn Journey. , No roadway Is reipilred, log.i and skids being thrown n few feet apart across the pathway to keep tho shoeing from grinding on the rocks. In this manner the boat c an t'-.vel from one M tn miles a day nn take a grade otuiic fo.,1 In Mire- when ueecsary. -J0.ht Mcc-h.vitcH. . ' SHEPHERD CARVERS. The Lonely Sheep Tenders of the Cali fornia Sierras. There are few lonelier lives In the world thnu those Hvcd by shepherds In the high meadows of the California ' .-JWras. $Talon they follow their . ieen, sv!ng no one for many months T-C,t 1"' ''r '":t 'he M"op. tiieir dogs -rt.vi J-Oi'anp? an . iceus.ionnl-a very oc .. .'. cnsional traveler, 1 r-.bnbly this soil tude drlea :tip l.r springs of nx ec li. for th re sult; u be very silent yslu-i they do em ouutc r any one. - Oneof lse str,uigc men Is a Basque iri.u the r.vrerees. A lean, dnrk vis aged, ragpj . Yellow, he is now and .; th"U O' lirlnken by "some wnndercr li .- jiouutahis. Along the trail before aim his sheep feed. Ills mongrel collie ." hnugs at bis heels. He may raise his stick in mute salutation; be may slouch by without n sign. Vet this uncouth being hns one talent he can carve. Ills amusement Is rnrvlnir nimlut ( sheep buckles out of bono. Every herd -fhas its bellwether, about -whose neck linngs a 111. The boll depends from a leather collar, and it Is the buckles of J these collars that this old Basque shop- herd nnd some of these other Sierra Shepherds make In the course of their joneiy nays. Sometimes a buckle rep resent! a summer's work, for some o them are very elaborate. Some are h the semblance of saints or nngeli some have the monograms f t, owners or of the shepherds In curious designs. All are patiently cut, bit by bit, with the pocketkuife of the suep herd. Eichange. THE RATTLER. " It Rarely Sounds Its Not of Warning Until Attacked. Contrary to the general belief, the rattler rarely gives lis characteristic note of warning until actually attack cd. In fact, the sharp, vibrant ring of Its terminal nppendiige Is probably de signed more to nsslsl this very slug gish serpent to obtain Its food than to sound (letlnnce or winning. In the first place, serpents possess but th" most rudimentary traces of iiuditoiy appiinitus 11 ad lire practically deaf, the deficiency In the sense of healing be ing compensated for by nn extreme (sensitiveness of feeling which makes them nware of the approach of moving objects by the vlbi ul Ion of (he ground. Hunters, trending cautiously upon a soft carpet of moss or leaves to avoid alarming guine. will often step close to or over n rattler without disturbing it or receiving warning, nnd while ninny snakes are seen und killed by them It Is probable that a far greater number are passed by unnoticed. All snakes nro timid nnd would rnthcr run than fight, nnd the rattler Is not Invit ing certain destruction by advertising its whereabouts In the brush. Francis Metcalfe in Outing Magazine. CAUGHT THE THIEF. An Incident Which Illustrate Japanese Detective Methods. llecently In the vlllng" of Taharn nulla. Japan, all the male inhabitants above the age of llftecn j ears were as sembled In front of the local Shinto shiiae at the call of tho village chief. A thief had boon milking depredations In the local tobacco plantations, and the chief sought to discover him. Out lines of tho feet of all the villagers were taken on sheets of pner, and then these were compared with the trucks left by the thief In the tobacco fields. Nothing resulted from this ex periinont. The next day the Inhabit ants were called together again. A great hole was dug in the ground, and a raging charcoal lire was built In It All pel-sons present were ordered to wall; through the tire barefooted, It being declared that no person would be burned except the guilty one. All advanced to undergo the ordeal except one, ShuUlchl Shllnitn. n man of evil reputation. He declined to trust hi feet to the redhot coals. Accordingly be was nrrcsied und soon confessed tiU guilt. FICTION AND FACT. The Message In the Story Book and In Real Life. In a niag.i7.ine: "I don't like you nny more." Harold lloplito looked up at the quaint figure li boy of six, with n mouth smeand with huckleberry pie. Harold w as glum. "I don't like you any more." "Why?" "'Cause you made sister cry." "Ethel cry! I didn't I couldn't make her cry." "Well, she's crying now when you said nothing when you walked nwny. Why didn't you say by-by uud kiss her when you're going away? I al w ays do." "1 will! night uow!" And Harold hastened back to make up the lovers' iiarrel. In real life; "Say. sister gave me a piece of pie to come down an I tee If you'd goiu and If you hadn't to try to yet you back past where she was sitt'ie: on tho porch getting rcni'y t.i be oijlny." "Oh!" New Yolk American. Tlce 3:'ccn as Tojd. I:i Franco nn) Italy many persons en t!.e sp:cr:i. whit we call in French "i t''." I hive eaten it myself. (.Jen ' l!.v from a pig it weighs about eight o'. ni-cs. and i; N situated on the right si ;.' of the ph.-. i inching the liver. A s ' 'en from i imw or bull weighs al out two pe:iiN. but is a little more spjngy than i!i pig's spleen, which Is the I et. If s ui.e one should start (lie fashion we would after awhile pay 7 cents a port: m in Hist class restau rants, especially If some person of mark should start the habit. -Chef Va le: c r.ragtiehnis u Letter to New Vork Tribune. The Modern Turkish Woman. 'J lie modern Turkl-di woman receives a far better education than many of her western sisters. When the latter Is busy visiting, going o concerts or eve. i Indulging In sports the oriental within the barred windows of her harem follows those movements In spi.lt. With a knowledge of seven lan guages, three orie ntal and four Euro pean, foreign governesses and as ninny books ns she requires little esenpes her at lent Ion. London strand. Method. "He occasionally says thing t'inl are wonderfully np-opos," 01',p statesman. ' Yes." answered the other; "lie s lll!c Off parrot nt home. It doesn't h-iny n;i e,, ,t v ,nt j, (,H9 .n(MV ( kpii repoRting ,:(i S0111P circumstance nr.;e thnt makes the remark seem niBiviiously r;it." rittsburfj Tress. ' MAKING A DICTIONARY.- Ths Colossal Task of Selecting ths Words to Be Used. One of the men who compiled a big 'dictionary talks us follow! nbout the way tho work was done: From the largest dictionary of tho language tho words were diligently copied, and tl cm h of the smaller dictionaries was chec ked olT 111 turn against this growing list. When the dictionaries had Isen thus exhausted all the living aiilhois of works that had an iindoiililed standard value were secured to contribute from their works such wends as they laid used that were not found In the general dictionaries. In nddlllon to tills, the services of nbout fiOO readers were utilized, among whom was distributed all the standard literature from Chaucer to the present time. These readers were Instructed to report such words ns seemed to lie new and not found In the ordinary die tloiiariis and to locate tlieui by page and line that they might, be Inspected. eac h In its own context. For this pur pose prepared blanks were furnished. Specialists In various trades, arts nnd professions were also Invited to send such words belonging to the technique of their vocabularies ns nili lit lie fa nilllur to them, but which vru not In general use, nnd so hnd not f ciud their way Into tho dictionaries. It will be seen that the e l' ction of a vocabulary on such a p' : . though thero were many helpers, v.- c a loug and laborious task, Involv! a great amount of correspondence. hleh ex tended literally nil over : world. Added to this was the neari ppalllng task of editorial and clc I wo 'li. merely to sift and organize se con tributions. It Is not tJ I i.aglued that words so gathered c r should be all Included. An organize! staff of editors and philologists was required, who passed upon tho eligibility of each word. Tho conservative caro exercised In determining the scope and limits of n vocabulary can be Inferred from the fac t that In one of these otllccs, nfter n "dragnet" had gathered over ."no.noO words, more than "Ji a . n ui were finally rejected. These Included words that were still too coinplelely foreign to merit a place In an English vocabu lary, all tho "used but once" words, considerable slung language nnd many technical terms Hint had good reasons against them. The tlxlng of a date be fore vhli h words should bo excluded, except on certain conditions, resulted In throwing out ninny. When words have been selected for a dictionary, several distinct things must be done with them. They must he di vided Into their proper syllables, and tho right syllables must be supplied with accents. They must lie pro nounced by the use of certain arbitrary signs used In a repelling of them to Indicate the powers of the letters they contain. They must be defined In nil the senses In which they have nctually been found used III literature. In the case of a primary form the origin of the word l:i other languages that Is, Its etymology -must be given. Chicago News. No Ctain on Hia Record. A New York clergyman, who often spends his vacation in fishing the streams of the Adirondack!, was on one trip ndopted by a handsome setter dog, w hich Insisted on following him from camp to camp ns he moved along the stream. One day ho met a party of men work ing upstream with a native guido. The guide Immediately recognized the dog ns his own property. "Trying to steal my setter, nro you?" lie shouted nt tho clergyman. "I'll have you to Jail Tor this! There's n law In the woods Just as big ns you have in tho city." ' The clergyman endeavored to ex plain that he was nn unwilling com panion of the dog, which hud refused to be driven nwny, but to little effect until ho added n two dollar hill to his argument , "It's queer what strange things unp pen to n man up here." he said to the stage driver who later carried blm away from the woods. "That la the first time I was ever accused of steal ing a dug." "Yes. sir." replied the driver, sym pathetically, and added, utter a mo ment's pause, "For myself, sir. I have never lntni accused of stealing nny- ining." inutu s Companion. Feeding Zoo Animals. Not only Is nun h euro exercised In the eh di e of horseflesh, but when a carcass Is cut up It Is divided In such a way as to Insure that In each piece given to the animals there Is a bone. Otherwise the lions, tigers nnd other big cnrnlvorn would swullow the piece whole, which would be bad even for their Iron digestions. The presence of the bone compels them to take bites at the flesh, which .they pick from the bone wllh their claws nnd teelh. lick ing the bone afterward with their snudpnpery tongues until the surface shines. For the smaller carnlvora, such Os polecats and weasels, ind for the cnptorhil tilrds. horseflesh la some what too conrse nnd nuneent. so the are fed for tho most part on the leads and necks of -chickens. These nsrta are selected hIro because of the bone la them. London Graphic, THE RATTLEFVS BUTTONS. Do Not Rely on Them to Tell the Ase of the Reptile. U Is a very common fnllncy concern ing rattlesnakes that encb segment of the rattle Indicates a year of the ser rent's existence, and It will probably be accepted until some one devises a safe method of examining toe twth. One hns only to stand for a half hour In front of tlio rattlers1 cage at aDy zoological garden or museum to heal It roi-ntod several times, together with 1I1BI1y olher bits of misinformation which make the average "nature sto ry" seem a statement of bald fact by comparison. . , Although tho young rattlesnake comes Into tho world equipped with but a single button on the end of Its tall, when a year old It may ha'e as many as a half dozen segments, while three n veal' may be taken as a fair average development. In bunting, crawling over rough country ami through tangled brush the ruttles are apt to be Injured or lost, and occasion ally a very huge specimen is seen with but two or three segments, while one of tho banded variety procured In renusylvnnln for the Uronx zoo was less than three feet In length and pos sessed seventeen perfect rattles, ' ubsence of the terminal congeultal b ton demonstrating that one 0 van pieces had been lost. A segment is added to the rarti f ' time the snake casts Its skin, and mny occur every month of the snake'f active season, which In the northern states lasts from early May until the first severe storm of winter drives It to the den for Its long hibernation. This casting of the skin, which Is com mon' to all serpents and many of the lizards, Is a curious provision to pro tect the reptile from disease and dis comfort, and, like most of nature's pro visions, It Is a wise one. Since the day when the serpent was condemned to crawl abjectly on Its belly, Instead of wriggling gracefully upon Its tail, as a punishment for whispering suggestions for the fall Into the euger ear of Eve It hns leu peculiarly liable to Injure Its sensitive Integument, and, spending Its exist ence In close contact wl:h the ground. It becomes the unwilling host of many ticks and pnrasltes which are harbored by the decaying vegetation. Any un fortunate who has accumulated a few wood ticks and laboriously removed them from bis hide with the point of a knife and ammonia will apprecin ijno much easier It would tie to grow w k skin and envy the serpent the reatT means at Its disposal to rid ltsU tho unwelcome pests. Francis tit calfe In Outing Magazine. Advantage of White Hair. "Most people regard white hnlr as a misfortune," said a hairdresser. "They mourn over Its coming as a sign of vanished youth, and they try first one thing and then another to withstand this touch of time. I think they make a mistake. Paradoxical as It may sound, white hair, when It arrives, say, In the late twenties or early thirties, really helps In keeping a person young. It's true, anyhow. A man or woman whose balr turns white before the wrinkles arrive Is a subject for con gratulation, because for many years he or she will appear about the same, and If only proper care Is taken of the complexion the Impresslou of youthful ness will continue I was almost golug to say Indefinitely. Then, white hair Is more often than not extremely be coming. It 'relieves a heavy face and gives an added tone to the most tip itueiie one. reople don't realize VM that's nil. If they did, they wouli I content to let nature take Its coun? Exchange. How Different Races Bear Pain. Moaning and groaning ns If she being tortured to death, a colored wo man sat In the accident ward at .Teffer. on hospital. "Don1! wind dat bandnge so tight, doctor," she begged of an In terne who was skillfully putting a bnndnge on her foot; "you'll stop de Circulation, sure." Wondertnff nl,ot dreadful calamity had befallen the suf terlug woman, a visitor asked inih doctor what was the matter with ber. tie said nothing but a slight rut the bottom of her foot "Colored peo ple always make a irreat dlutnrnnr,. over nny physical Injury." he added, out tue Italians are the worst Th sight of a little wound seems to ntmo them entirely, and they come In here shrieking and crying, accompanied by nnxious friends and relatives also shrieking and crying, over the slightest cut or burn. Americans and Gennam seem to hear pain with the most forti tude, nnd In general women do better than nien."-I'nlladelpb!a Reiord. Business Hours In Honolulu. Business manners In Honolulu lack the strain and flurry of the mainland city. The bard, white, anxious Chicago fifte no man wears here. The dodging and hurrying to go around the man In f rout are never seen. The accent of life Is on men, not money or machines. There Is not much doing before 10 o'clock, nud at 4 the safes are locked, the deski are shot, and the men wbo do things ore off for a ride or a swim or a game of tennis. Here a man does bis busluess.-Cblcago News. CUD I CM Vi'ALKlfuj, Trials of the Man Who Tried It f . First Time. i "No one who has never tried t 1 Mi crutches can nave any (Pa irouuie ii is to learn to walk them," sayi a St Loulsan temp aisauiea vj an injury to one foot "When I was first laid up i ltl pated a speedy recovery, but prog was stow, ana in oraor that I 0i have a little exercise the doctor re mended pair or crutches. 'There', trick at all In learning to use th, TI 1. r It- mm m . . . - . HO bvjrd v. ib ma m uiauvr Of CO) and I supposed that all I bad t. was to pick up tho crutches, put under my arms and walk of, t slow, just as I pleased. I men with crutches walking at m a gait as I bad ever been ib;.J achieve In my best walking daji, , was delighted with the prosit of ting out of the house. ' "The crutches were ordered sni i home. I took them with alacrity, at the very first step I sat down bard on the floor that It seemed k ray spine was driven halfway Into skull. After recovering from the i)f I concluded there) must be somen wrong with the crutches, and a th. to the house after trying them httr. pronounced them entirely too long. I took, off the robber tips and cut an Inch, then tried them again 1 would have bad another sitting had I not been held. The crutch uJ declared they were still too long, so kl tooa on anomer iucu, men mo H Inches. That remedied matters to but I speedily discovered after warty o few steps with a man holding mf3 that my hands and armi wereabou: give out and that on the stigh' provocation the crutch slipped h under my arms and wabbled aoaUr Ingly that I felt every moment at ll was going headlong to the ground "Then I discovered that I must r more weight on the top of tta en: and less on the handles. This wai Improvement but In five minutes I muscles under my arms were so X that I couldn't stand the pain. Tj I put pads on top, only to find ont t a brick pavement I the roughest w Ing place on the earth. A Rocky Mn tain path Is like granitoid coniiu to It. The slightest Inequality ca; the tip of the crutch and sent me goring. When 1 raised my foo: tnko a step forwnrd my shoe nlrf caught against the bricks, and I .. havo bad twenty falls every Hfi minutes If I bad not been supporti "Crutch walking Is a scleucf must lie studied and learned li ) sciences. Now when I see ii iwn'iy -j cling along on two crutches m filled with admiration for bis ('nxiq lint when I observe a one leg wi getting over the ground on otfy crutch I feel that he la a born fit Louis Qlolie-Democrat TESTED HIS LOGIC. John 8eemed to Make His Point, ttj Missed the Chioken. The old couple were eating tlicir ' meal with their sun nfter bis red from college, "Tell us, John." siild the fnlL "what have you learned at colleger "Oh lots of things." said the sou be rtvlted bis course of studi "Then," be coD'-ludod. "I also studi logic." "Eogic," said the old man. "fl'hul that?" "It's the art of reasoning," said tsl tan "The art of reasoning!11 said the f thcr. "What Is that, my boy?" "Well," replied the son. "let me f you a demonstration How tu chickens are on tbat dish, father?" "Two." said the olrKnian. "Well." said Jotm,'"l cn pw there ore three." (Then be stuck K fork In one and said, ."That Ise-ne. In It?" "Yes," said the father. "And this Is two?" sticking bis I" In the second. "Yes," replied the father again "Well, don't one and two an three?" replied John triumphantly. "WelL 1 declare." said the rntb "you have learned things al -olleii Well, mother.'1 continued the old 'f to bis wife. "I .will give you one of tj chlckeni to eat. aud I'll take tlieotl'l and John can have tbe third. Ilov I that John?" Judge. The Tenors' Parts. Probably tbe cointwiKnra are lar? responsible for tenor worship In v' ill's orerai, with bardly an en i the tenor playi a more liuportuut r than tbe baritone or basi. an! j same Is true of other cpern w it'i aioiart a "Don Gtovannl" being n n ble exception. Wagner wr opera. "The Flying DHtcbinun." Which tlm hnrltmu. (. l,t. ... .. .... a. ...,uv ia i it , 1 1 i ' - six of bis worka the aupiemai y . f j cnui ib luaicatxi Dy tbe ven iiis' t "Rienzl." "Tanuhauser." -Loi ni."i f "Tristan und Isolde." "fi nf.ii'1! "Parsifal." This being so. c probably contluue to be subji l 1 tyranny of oue tenor or anoth . :"!' I i ue.jrue. as was iiialntalned ;:t . rc - - -- ("UIUIUIUVU clave of French uvnn.. h. olce Is a relic o iiarbarlsm. . to become extinct r!nn!if ,