HOME CF THE DCLL.
Method of the Ingenious Thurlng!a
Dollmnklng dirt not Iiocomo conspic
uous ns no Industry In the Thurlnghin
mountains .until the middle of the nlno-
teenth century, when u citizen of -nebcin
brought from London n doll
which was regarded s great c,lllos,
ty. It huj come originally from C'hlim,
and Its head, logs unci arms were mov
able. This furnished nn Inspiration to
the Ingenious 'iyuurlngliin toymukers,
who promptly lniifvcl upon It. t'p
to tliMt time they !t'I made "H only
of wornl iiikI leather. I'i'i '" they
evolved the wax head nt tlrst a crude
article, the wnx being applied with n
brush, but lnler brought to high per
fection, thanks, It Is wilil, to nn acci
dental discovery. A mini engaged In
milking the hernia dropped a thhnlilu
Into hla pot of fluid wnx mid on taking
It out found It covered with a smooth
and ben 11 1 If u I coat of the substance.
He was not Blow to seize the Idea, the
'result being the adoption of the dip
ping process, the lliuil touches of color
being Hit on with n camel's linlr pen
cil. loiter on the moVable eyes nnd
Closing lids, to feign sleep, were lidded,
nnd the fleeco of the Angorn gnat was
substituted for hiiiniin hnlr In tho inak
llig of wigs, holding Its color nnd curl
much better, the dull ns It Is known
today thus assuming its dual and
highly urtlsllc form.
Dressing the dolls nfter they lire
made bus become nn Industry in w hic h
numbers of women nnd girls nro em
ployed. For the Mnnll, inexpensive
dolls little chemises, llnished with n
rufllo of luce nrounil the neck and
arms, are nnide by hundreds and re
quire no skilled labor for their con
struction. Iteno liai lie III Circle.
LAND AND WATER BOATS.
Oueer Vessels That Are Used In Wild
Deep In the wilds of the Canadian
timber Innds nnd in n number of the
.ortherii lumber districts of the United
states wondcrfs; bouts climb lillls,
reep through swamps mil woods,
mp niverro sinnll streams from one lake
rwtl j 'jo another and even climb upon freight
prs If long transportation Is ucces-ry.
'rr .-i.mtuj h st amboat nnd stontn
..I l.tr.A.I ..... '
i! v"ii uuini, ciitr I'liKicii: itiic i'v
jV"" tw wr fi drive the puddle
..bed or twin screws, iicccn cling to
which of the two the boat Is equipped I
wltb,or drive a cubic drum which
holds a mile of five eighths Inch steel
cable used for warping and crossing
At the end of n water Journey the
. cable is carried to a tree some distance
Inland and nt one side of the path des
ignated for the boat to pass over. Fuss
ed through u pulley block. It Is carried
'back to the boat nnd run through n
pulley block nt tho bow. Then, re
turned Inland again. It Is fastened to a
tree on the oilier side of the put li and
Just opposite the first tree, thus mak
ing It .possible for the hont to travel
a straight course without dodging the
anchor trees. The engine Is geared to
the cable drum, and the cumbersome
but powerful craft commence lis rods
, No roadway Is reipilred, log.i and
skids being thrown n few feet apart
across the pathway to keep tho shoeing
from grinding on the rocks. In this
manner the boat c an t'-.vel from one
M tn miles a day nn take a grade
otuiic fo.,1 In Mire- when ueecsary.
. ' SHEPHERD CARVERS.
The Lonely Sheep Tenders of the Cali
There are few lonelier lives In the
world thnu those Hvcd by shepherds
In the high meadows of the California
' .-JWras. $Talon they follow their
. ieen, sv!ng no one for many months
T-C,t 1"' ''r '":t 'he M"op. tiieir dogs
-rt.vi J-Oi'anp? an . iceus.ionnl-a very oc
.. .'. cnsional traveler, 1 r-.bnbly this soil
tude drlea :tip l.r springs of nx ec li.
for th re sult; u be very silent
yslu-i they do em ouutc r any one.
- Oneof lse str,uigc men Is a Basque
iri.u the r.vrerees. A lean, dnrk vis
aged, ragpj . Yellow, he is now and
.; th"U O' lirlnken by "some wnndercr li
.- jiouutahis. Along the trail before
aim his sheep feed. Ills mongrel collie
." hnugs at bis heels. He may raise his
stick in mute salutation; be may slouch
by without n sign. Vet this uncouth
being hns one talent he can carve.
Ills amusement Is rnrvlnir nimlut
( sheep buckles out of bono. Every herd
-fhas its bellwether, about -whose neck
linngs a 111. The boll depends from a
leather collar, and it Is the buckles of
J these collars that this old Basque shop-
herd nnd some of these other Sierra
Shepherds make In the course of their
joneiy nays. Sometimes a buckle rep
resent! a summer's work, for some o
them are very elaborate. Some are h
the semblance of saints or nngeli
some have the monograms f t,
owners or of the shepherds In curious
designs. All are patiently cut, bit by
bit, with the pocketkuife of the suep
THE RATTLER. "
It Rarely Sounds Its Not of Warning
Contrary to the general belief, the
rattler rarely gives lis characteristic
note of warning until actually attack
cd. In fact, the sharp, vibrant ring of
Its terminal nppendiige Is probably de
signed more to nsslsl this very slug
gish serpent to obtain Its food than to
sound (letlnnce or winning. In the
first place, serpents possess but th"
most rudimentary traces of iiuditoiy
appiinitus 11 ad lire practically deaf, the
deficiency In the sense of healing be
ing compensated for by nn extreme
(sensitiveness of feeling which makes
them nware of the approach of moving
objects by the vlbi ul Ion of (he ground.
Hunters, trending cautiously upon a
soft carpet of moss or leaves to avoid
alarming guine. will often step close
to or over n rattler without disturbing
it or receiving warning, nnd while
ninny snakes are seen und killed by
them It Is probable that a far greater
number are passed by unnoticed. All
snakes nro timid nnd would rnthcr run
than fight, nnd the rattler Is not Invit
ing certain destruction by advertising
its whereabouts In the brush. Francis
Metcalfe in Outing Magazine.
CAUGHT THE THIEF.
An Incident Which Illustrate Japanese
llecently In the vlllng" of Taharn
nulla. Japan, all the male inhabitants
above the age of llftecn j ears were as
sembled In front of the local Shinto
shiiae at the call of tho village chief.
A thief had boon milking depredations
In the local tobacco plantations, and
the chief sought to discover him. Out
lines of tho feet of all the villagers
were taken on sheets of pner, and
then these were compared with the
trucks left by the thief In the tobacco
fields. Nothing resulted from this ex
periinont. The next day the Inhabit
ants were called together again. A
great hole was dug in the ground, and
a raging charcoal lire was built In It
All pel-sons present were ordered to
wall; through the tire barefooted, It
being declared that no person would
be burned except the guilty one. All
advanced to undergo the ordeal except
one, ShuUlchl Shllnitn. n man of evil
reputation. He declined to trust hi
feet to the redhot coals. Accordingly
be was nrrcsied und soon confessed
FICTION AND FACT.
The Message In the Story Book and
In Real Life.
In a niag.i7.ine:
"I don't like you nny more."
Harold lloplito looked up at the
quaint figure li boy of six, with n
mouth smeand with huckleberry pie.
Harold w as glum.
"I don't like you any more."
"'Cause you made sister cry."
"Ethel cry! I didn't I couldn't
make her cry."
"Well, she's crying now when you
said nothing when you walked nwny.
Why didn't you say by-by uud kiss
her when you're going away? I al
w ays do."
"1 will! night uow!"
And Harold hastened back to make
up the lovers' iiarrel.
In real life;
"Say. sister gave me a piece of pie to
come down an I tee If you'd goiu and
If you hadn't to try to yet you back
past where she was sitt'ie: on tho
porch getting rcni'y t.i be oijlny."
"Oh!" New Yolk American.
Tlce 3:'ccn as Tojd.
I:i Franco nn) Italy many persons
en t!.e sp:cr:i. whit we call in French
"i t''." I hive eaten it myself. (.Jen
' l!.v from a pig it weighs about eight
o'. ni-cs. and i; N situated on the right
si ;.' of the ph.-. i inching the liver. A
s ' 'en from i imw or bull weighs
al out two pe:iiN. but is a little more
spjngy than i!i pig's spleen, which Is
the I et. If s ui.e one should start (lie
fashion we would after awhile pay 7
cents a port: m in Hist class restau
rants, especially If some person of
mark should start the habit. -Chef Va
le: c r.ragtiehnis u Letter to New Vork
The Modern Turkish Woman.
'J lie modern Turkl-di woman receives
a far better education than many of
her western sisters. When the latter Is
busy visiting, going o concerts or
eve. i Indulging In sports the oriental
within the barred windows of her
harem follows those movements In
spi.lt. With a knowledge of seven lan
guages, three orie ntal and four Euro
pean, foreign governesses and as ninny
books ns she requires little esenpes her
at lent Ion. London strand.
"He occasionally says thing t'inl
are wonderfully np-opos," 01',p
' Yes." answered the other; "lie s lll!c
Off parrot nt home. It doesn't h-iny
n;i e,, ,t v ,nt j, (,H9 .n(MV ( kpii
repoRting ,:(i S0111P circumstance
nr.;e thnt makes the remark seem
niBiviiously r;it." rittsburfj Tress.
' MAKING A DICTIONARY.-
Ths Colossal Task of Selecting ths
Words to Be Used.
One of the men who compiled a big
'dictionary talks us follow! nbout the
way tho work was done:
From the largest dictionary of tho
language tho words were diligently
copied, and tl cm h of the smaller
dictionaries was chec ked olT 111 turn
against this growing list. When the
dictionaries had Isen thus exhausted
all the living aiilhois of works that
had an iindoiililed standard value were
secured to contribute from their works
such wends as they laid used that were
not found In the general dictionaries.
In nddlllon to tills, the services of
nbout fiOO readers were utilized, among
whom was distributed all the standard
literature from Chaucer to the present
time. These readers were Instructed
to report such words ns seemed to lie
new and not found In the ordinary die
tloiiariis and to locate tlieui by page
and line that they might, be Inspected.
eac h In its own context. For this pur
pose prepared blanks were furnished.
Specialists In various trades, arts nnd
professions were also Invited to send
such words belonging to the technique
of their vocabularies ns nili lit lie fa
nilllur to them, but which vru not In
general use, nnd so hnd not f ciud their
way Into tho dictionaries.
It will be seen that the e l' ction of
a vocabulary on such a p' : . though
thero were many helpers, v.- c a loug
and laborious task, Involv! a great
amount of correspondence. hleh ex
tended literally nil over : world.
Added to this was the neari ppalllng
task of editorial and clc I wo 'li.
merely to sift and organize se con
tributions. It Is not tJ I i.aglued
that words so gathered c r should
be all Included. An organize! staff of
editors and philologists was required,
who passed upon tho eligibility of each
Tho conservative caro exercised In
determining the scope and limits of n
vocabulary can be Inferred from the
fac t that In one of these otllccs, nfter
n "dragnet" had gathered over ."no.noO
words, more than "Ji a . n ui were finally
rejected. These Included words that
were still too coinplelely foreign to
merit a place In an English vocabu
lary, all tho "used but once" words,
considerable slung language nnd many
technical terms Hint had good reasons
against them. The tlxlng of a date be
fore vhli h words should bo excluded,
except on certain conditions, resulted
In throwing out ninny.
When words have been selected for a
dictionary, several distinct things must
be done with them. They must he di
vided Into their proper syllables, and
tho right syllables must be supplied
with accents. They must lie pro
nounced by the use of certain arbitrary
signs used In a repelling of them to
Indicate the powers of the letters they
contain. They must be defined In nil
the senses In which they have nctually
been found used III literature. In the
case of a primary form the origin of
the word l:i other languages that Is,
Its etymology -must be given. Chicago
No Ctain on Hia Record.
A New York clergyman, who often
spends his vacation in fishing the
streams of the Adirondack!, was on
one trip ndopted by a handsome setter
dog, w hich Insisted on following him
from camp to camp ns he moved along
One day ho met a party of men work
ing upstream with a native guido. The
guide Immediately recognized the dog
ns his own property.
"Trying to steal my setter, nro you?"
lie shouted nt tho clergyman. "I'll
have you to Jail Tor this! There's n
law In the woods Just as big ns you
have in tho city."
' The clergyman endeavored to ex
plain that he was nn unwilling com
panion of the dog, which hud refused
to be driven nwny, but to little effect
until ho added n two dollar hill to his
"It's queer what strange things unp
pen to n man up here." he said to the
stage driver who later carried blm
away from the woods. "That la the
first time I was ever accused of steal
ing a dug."
"Yes. sir." replied the driver, sym
pathetically, and added, utter a mo
ment's pause, "For myself, sir. I have
never lntni accused of stealing nny-
ining." inutu s Companion.
Feeding Zoo Animals.
Not only Is nun h euro exercised In
the eh di e of horseflesh, but when a
carcass Is cut up It Is divided In such
a way as to Insure that In each piece
given to the animals there Is a bone.
Otherwise the lions, tigers nnd other
big cnrnlvorn would swullow the piece
whole, which would be bad even for
their Iron digestions. The presence of
the bone compels them to take bites at
the flesh, which .they pick from the
bone wllh their claws nnd teelh. lick
ing the bone afterward with their
snudpnpery tongues until the surface
shines. For the smaller carnlvora,
such Os polecats and weasels, ind for
the cnptorhil tilrds. horseflesh la some
what too conrse nnd nuneent. so the
are fed for tho most part on the leads
and necks of -chickens. These nsrta
are selected hIro because of the bone
la them. London Graphic,
THE RATTLEFVS BUTTONS.
Do Not Rely on Them to Tell the Ase
of the Reptile.
U Is a very common fnllncy concern
ing rattlesnakes that encb segment of
the rattle Indicates a year of the ser
rent's existence, and It will probably
be accepted until some one devises a
safe method of examining toe twth.
One hns only to stand for a half hour
In front of tlio rattlers1 cage at aDy
zoological garden or museum to heal
It roi-ntod several times, together with
1I1BI1y olher bits of misinformation
which make the average "nature sto
ry" seem a statement of bald fact by
comparison. . ,
Although tho young rattlesnake
comes Into tho world equipped with
but a single button on the end of Its
tall, when a year old It may ha'e as
many as a half dozen segments, while
three n veal' may be taken as a fair
average development. In bunting,
crawling over rough country ami
through tangled brush the ruttles are
apt to be Injured or lost, and occasion
ally a very huge specimen is seen with
but two or three segments, while one
of tho banded variety procured In
renusylvnnln for the Uronx zoo was
less than three feet In length and pos
sessed seventeen perfect rattles, '
ubsence of the terminal congeultal b
ton demonstrating that one 0 van
pieces had been lost.
A segment is added to the rarti f '
time the snake casts Its skin, and
mny occur every month of the snake'f
active season, which In the northern
states lasts from early May until the
first severe storm of winter drives It
to the den for Its long hibernation.
This casting of the skin, which Is com
mon' to all serpents and many of the
lizards, Is a curious provision to pro
tect the reptile from disease and dis
comfort, and, like most of nature's pro
visions, It Is a wise one.
Since the day when the serpent was
condemned to crawl abjectly on Its
belly, Instead of wriggling gracefully
upon Its tail, as a punishment for
whispering suggestions for the fall
Into the euger ear of Eve It hns leu
peculiarly liable to Injure Its sensitive
Integument, and, spending Its exist
ence In close contact wl:h the ground.
It becomes the unwilling host of many
ticks and pnrasltes which are harbored
by the decaying vegetation. Any un
fortunate who has accumulated a few
wood ticks and laboriously removed
them from bis hide with the point of a
knife and ammonia will apprecin ijno
much easier It would tie to grow w k
skin and envy the serpent the reatT
means at Its disposal to rid ltsU
tho unwelcome pests. Francis tit
calfe In Outing Magazine.
Advantage of White Hair.
"Most people regard white hnlr as a
misfortune," said a hairdresser. "They
mourn over Its coming as a sign of
vanished youth, and they try first one
thing and then another to withstand
this touch of time. I think they make
a mistake. Paradoxical as It may
sound, white hair, when It arrives, say,
In the late twenties or early thirties,
really helps In keeping a person young.
It's true, anyhow. A man or woman
whose balr turns white before the
wrinkles arrive Is a subject for con
gratulation, because for many years
he or she will appear about the same,
and If only proper care Is taken of the
complexion the Impresslou of youthful
ness will continue I was almost golug
to say Indefinitely. Then, white hair
Is more often than not extremely be
coming. It 'relieves a heavy face and
gives an added tone to the most tip
itueiie one. reople don't realize VM
that's nil. If they did, they wouli I
content to let nature take Its coun?
How Different Races Bear Pain.
Moaning and groaning ns If she
being tortured to death, a colored wo
man sat In the accident ward at .Teffer.
on hospital. "Don1! wind dat bandnge
so tight, doctor," she begged of an In
terne who was skillfully putting a
bnndnge on her foot; "you'll stop de
Circulation, sure." Wondertnff nl,ot
dreadful calamity had befallen the suf
terlug woman, a visitor asked inih
doctor what was the matter with ber.
tie said nothing but a slight rut
the bottom of her foot "Colored peo
ple always make a irreat dlutnrnnr,.
over nny physical Injury." he added,
out tue Italians are the worst Th
sight of a little wound seems to ntmo
them entirely, and they come In here
shrieking and crying, accompanied by
nnxious friends and relatives also
shrieking and crying, over the slightest
cut or burn. Americans and Gennam
seem to hear pain with the most forti
tude, nnd In general women do better
than nien."-I'nlladelpb!a Reiord.
Business Hours In Honolulu.
Business manners In Honolulu lack
the strain and flurry of the mainland
city. The bard, white, anxious Chicago
fifte no man wears here. The dodging
and hurrying to go around the man In
f rout are never seen. The accent of life
Is on men, not money or machines.
There Is not much doing before 10
o'clock, nud at 4 the safes are locked,
the deski are shot, and the men wbo
do things ore off for a ride or a swim
or a game of tennis. Here a man does
bis busluess.-Cblcago News.
CUD I CM Vi'ALKlfuj,
Trials of the Man Who Tried It f .
First Time. i
"No one who has never tried t
crutches can nave any (Pa
irouuie ii is to learn to walk
them," sayi a St Loulsan temp
aisauiea vj an injury to one foot
"When I was first laid up i ltl
pated a speedy recovery, but prog
was stow, ana in oraor that I 0i
have a little exercise the doctor re
mended pair or crutches. 'There',
trick at all In learning to use th,
TI 1. r It- mm m . . . - .
HO bvjrd v. ib ma m uiauvr Of CO)
and I supposed that all I bad t.
was to pick up tho crutches, put
under my arms and walk of, t
slow, just as I pleased. I
men with crutches walking at m
a gait as I bad ever been ib;.J
achieve In my best walking daji, ,
was delighted with the prosit of
ting out of the house. '
"The crutches were ordered sni i
home. I took them with alacrity,
at the very first step I sat down
bard on the floor that It seemed k
ray spine was driven halfway Into
skull. After recovering from the i)f
I concluded there) must be somen
wrong with the crutches, and a th.
to the house after trying them httr.
pronounced them entirely too long.
I took, off the robber tips and cut
an Inch, then tried them again 1
would have bad another sitting
had I not been held. The crutch uJ
declared they were still too long, so kl
tooa on anomer iucu, men mo H
Inches. That remedied matters to
but I speedily discovered after warty
o few steps with a man holding mf3
that my hands and armi wereabou:
give out and that on the stigh'
provocation the crutch slipped h
under my arms and wabbled aoaUr
Ingly that I felt every moment at ll
was going headlong to the ground
"Then I discovered that I must r
more weight on the top of tta en:
and less on the handles. This wai
Improvement but In five minutes I
muscles under my arms were so X
that I couldn't stand the pain. Tj
I put pads on top, only to find ont t
a brick pavement I the roughest w
Ing place on the earth. A Rocky Mn
tain path Is like granitoid coniiu
to It. The slightest Inequality ca;
the tip of the crutch and sent me
goring. When 1 raised my foo:
tnko a step forwnrd my shoe nlrf
caught against the bricks, and I ..
havo bad twenty falls every Hfi
minutes If I bad not been supporti
"Crutch walking Is a scleucf
must lie studied and learned li )
sciences. Now when I see ii iwn'iy -j
cling along on two crutches m
filled with admiration for bis ('nxiq
lint when I observe a one leg wi
getting over the ground on otfy
crutch I feel that he la a born
fit Louis Qlolie-Democrat
TESTED HIS LOGIC.
John 8eemed to Make His Point, ttj
Missed the Chioken.
The old couple were eating tlicir '
meal with their sun nfter bis red
"Tell us, John." siild the fnlL
"what have you learned at colleger
"Oh lots of things." said the sou
be rtvlted bis course of studi
"Then," be coD'-ludod. "I also studi
"Eogic," said the old man. "fl'hul
"It's the art of reasoning," said tsl
"The art of reasoning!11 said the f
thcr. "What Is that, my boy?"
"Well," replied the son. "let me f
you a demonstration How tu
chickens are on tbat dish, father?"
"Two." said the olrKnian.
"Well." said Jotm,'"l cn pw
there ore three." (Then be stuck K
fork In one and said, ."That Ise-ne. In
"Yes," said the father.
"And this Is two?" sticking bis I"
In the second.
"Yes," replied the father again
"Well, don't one and two an
three?" replied John triumphantly.
"WelL 1 declare." said the rntb
"you have learned things al -olleii
Well, mother.'1 continued the old 'f
to bis wife. "I .will give you one of tj
chlckeni to eat. aud I'll take tlieotl'l
and John can have tbe third. Ilov I
that John?" Judge.
The Tenors' Parts.
Probably tbe cointwiKnra are lar?
responsible for tenor worship In v'
ill's orerai, with bardly an en i
the tenor playi a more liuportuut r
than tbe baritone or basi. an! j
same Is true of other cpern w it'i
aioiart a "Don Gtovannl" being n n
ble exception. Wagner wr
opera. "The Flying DHtcbinun."
Which tlm hnrltmu. (. l,t. ... .. .... a.
...,uv ia i it , 1 1 i ' -
six of bis worka the aupiemai y . f j
cnui ib luaicatxi Dy tbe ven iiis' t
"Rienzl." "Tanuhauser." -Loi ni."i f
"Tristan und Isolde." "fi nf.ii'1!
"Parsifal." This being so. c
probably contluue to be subji l 1
tyranny of oue tenor or anoth . :"!' I
i ue.jrue. as was iiialntalned ;:t . rc
- - -- ("UIUIUIUVU
clave of French uvnn.. h.
olce Is a relic o iiarbarlsm. .
to become extinct r!nn!if ,
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