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I HOT MEALS Fly IJrlir.-Ceii'I Henry O. Shnrpe, Commlnaary (Jenernl, f. Tho Commissary Department of the Army of the United States lma been brought to perfection and the Ameri can soldier to-dtiy i3 bettor fed thnn the man who bears arms under any other flag on earth. Veterans of tho Civil War will re call the doggerel In which the fare of the boys who wova tho blue was designated. It was: Beans for breakfast; Beans for dinner; Beans for supper; Beans, beans beans! Tho men who followed tho stars and bars wero not so fortunate as to have a regular diet c! even beans. They frequentlv subsisted for weeks at a time on a few pounds of parched corn, and they fought well under that diet, too. But for years now tho best thought of the commissaries of the army has been devoted to the Im provement of the food Conditions, and Brigadier-General Henry O. Sharpe, Commissary-General of the Army, has prepared the following article for the Illustrated Sunday Mazazlne on tho food of tho Army, in which he gives Eor.ie Intcre.-ting data concerning the method of feeding Uncle Sam's defender?. While in garrison t'le erllrted man In the Unite! States Army is entitled to draw pech iay twenty ounces of frfsh beef or mutter, or twelve ounces of bacon. Should It be found Impracticable- to obtain fresh meat he has In lieu thereof sixteen ounces of canned meat, or canned fish, four teen ounces of dried fish nr sixteen ounces of piekb'd fish. !'e may, on occasion, draw from the commissary a can of beef and V2-"tnb!'stow eon talnlng twenty-rlnht and one-half ounces. He Is entitled each day to eighteen ounces of Tour or Its eqr.'.va lent in bread, or in lieu thereof twen ty ounces of corn meal. Of vegetable components ho has Ills choice of beans, peas, rice and hominy nnd a pound of potatoes, on ions or canned tomato?3. In addition thereto he Is supplied each day with about an ounce nnd a half of prunes evaporated apples or peaches. An ounce and a third of roasted cofi'ec or a third of an ounce of tea Is given to each man as well as a little more than three ounces of sugar, and a sufficient quantity of vinegar, pepper and salt. This Is the ordinary garrison ration- vVhen lornted at army posts convenient to city markets the mess niav exchange any portion of its ra tions for fresh vegetables, fruits or other delicacies which strike the fancy. The field ration differs In its essen tial particulars only slightly from that issued in carrison. Jam takes the rlace of dried fruits nnd with each portion of flour is supplied bak ing powder or yeast. It has been the aim of the Depart ment for some time past to Improve the method of feeding the troops in the field. With this end in view a school of cookery has been estab lished at Fort Riley, Kansas, with branches at the Presidio of California and at the Washington Barrncks, Dis trict of Columbia. The men at these schools are Instructed in the art of baking bread of various kinds and in general plain cookery, the Idea being to establish a corp of army cooks who can take the ordinary rations Issued to each squad and prepare them in such manner as to tempt the appetite of the enlisted men. The result of this training is that the army cooks to-day aro able to prepare meals out of the supplies furnished to each mess which would do credit to an ordinary hotel. The receipts used in these cooking schools embrace a lozen different soups, five or six methods of preparing fish and oys ters, ten or twelve sauces and gra vies, besides fifty or more ways of serving the various mats nnd vege tablei which are furnished as regit' lar rations, to pay nothing of -the itnmeroiis methods of making differ- . nt ltlnds of breads, cakes, mufiins, puddines and pies. In short the men of the army to-day, when In jarrison, are better served than tho men in civil life in like conditions, v- The army cooking schools will re- tun in me umninie cstatmsnmetit o: a corps of cooks and bakers capable 'f preparing appctirir.g meals nt all times for the troops of the I'nited States and will assure to them better and more varied food than the sol diers of any other country can hope to havo. Still, we are, up to the present time, behind the European armies in the matter of movable ovens. At the outbreak of the Span ish War such contrivances were prac tically unknown to the Army. Our soldiers were compelled to depend largely upon hard tack for their bread, although the German nnd French armies had adopted the mov able oven long before that time. And even now we have few of these very necessary adjuncts to the Commissary Department, although it is likely thpt SAM'S BIG ARMY AT ALL HOURS. under new regulations, recently adopted, these will soon be supplied. One of tho longest steps forward In tho way of providing for men of the army on the march is now being per fected by this department. That is the construction of what is generally known as "the fircless cooker," modification of the Norwegian hay oven. For two or three years past we have been experimenting with various devices submitted by manu facturers with a view to the adoption of tho best possible method for sup plying hot meals to the troops in tho field in the quickest posslblo time. The flreless cooker, or hay-oven. Is no new thing. It has been used in Europe for a great many years. The main idea Is to partially cook a meal and then to place the food in a re ceptacle which will retain tho heat, with as little loss as possible, and to permit tho retained heat to finish the cooking operation. Everybody knows that water bolls at two hundred and twelve degrees Fahrenheit, but very few people reallr.o that water never gets any hotter than that and few seem to know that It 13 unn?c?3sa to b ring focd up to even the derree i jniy expanded as the flock expands ! ages were spoken or sent by represen mperature required to boll water the business can, with scarcely any! tntives from all of the twenty-one re of temperature provided the heat can bo retalnsd, to insure perfect cooking-. R.periments have shown that par tially cooked food can be thoroughly cooked 1' kept at a temperature any where above 170 for n certain priod of time and that Is what Is being done with the flreless coo'ier. which wo hope to b? ablo to perfect so n3 to make it available for the. army. There are in the market to-day a great many such appliances, ranging from wooden boxes, packed with as bestos or mineral wool, up to ela'o orats metallic contrivances, several I Inches thick in tho rim parked with I some sort of ror.-conductor of beat, such as wood fibre or asbestos. What the army wants is a contrivance of this character In which partially cooked foods may be plar and to this end our experiments are I being made wbh a fair degree of sue-1 cess thus far. Not long ago a squad of men started on a march from Fort Riley, Kansas, followed by a wagon containing a partially cooked meal, sufficient for the entiro squad. After a march or six hours the flreless cooker in which this meal was con tained was opened and It was found that the meat, vegetables and mae arnnl, contained therein, wa3 per fectly prepared and ready for dinner. The theory Is n simple one. It is that heat retained by a non-conductor and prevented from escaping will complete the operation of cooking food. The hay-box of Norway has been used for a generation or more and we want to adopt the idsa into the army of the United States; when this is done a squad of troops started out on a day's march can be followed h- supply wagons with flreless cook ers, that have been packed when camp is broken in the morning, and which will have a nutritious hot meal ready to servo to them immediately when ramp is made again at night. Heretofore it has been found noces. sary In order to give our soldiers hot food on a march to carry a supply of fuel from camp to camp. And even then a great deal of time is consumed in building the fires nnd in cooking the meals. It will ba readily under stood that any method which prom ises the elimination of the necessity of hauling largo quantities of fuel and at the same tlws eliminate the loss of time will be of enormous ad vantage and that the result will be highly appreciated by tho men to be fed. Manufacturers have in many in stances preuared devices which are entirely satisfactory in a small way and which appear to be excellent for don.frstlc purpos?s, but ut to the present time none cf them has de signed a "fireieEs cooker" satisfactory for the neecis of such a number of men as the Subsistence Department must provide for. We are looking for lightness in weight, combined with absolute ciabliity In conr-truc-tion. We want a cooker which will stand long travel over all sorts of roads nnd assure the pcrfec;io:i of the contenti at tho end of ths jour ney. Each rec?ptr.rlo ontsinlns foods must be absolutely air tight, easily cleaned and readily adjusted. We have cscured, through our own officers, several devices which Eeem to fill the bill, and I am cenfident that before long It will be possible to start out a regiment of Eoldlers from camp in the morning with a wagon contain ing flreless cookers supplied with a full ration of partially cooked food which will be fit to serve in the form of a palatable well-cooked rieal by tho time camp 1b reached at the end of the day. Now Orleans Picayune. A champagne bottle's toilet em ploy the bands of forty-five worl meu. I Farm Topics i nsa COAX THE COW'S APPETITE. When you get a good cow coat her to eat all she will. Milk comes from feed and from milk profit. The more feed the more milk and the moro profit. Farmer's Home Journal. VALUE OF CHARCOAL. The value of charcoal Is very often overlooked, and It should be fed to fowls of all ages as a preventive of disease. It Bhould be kept before fowls at all times, as there is no dan ger of them eating loo much, and it has a great purifying effect In ab- sorbina noxious gases and will cor-1 rect many digestive disorders. Farmer's Homo Journal. CONVENIENT QUARTERS. With properly constructed and con veniently located quarters, the pres ence of a large flock of poultry on the average farm need not add materially to the chorea and these are pleasant chores, most gladly looked after by the women and children of tho fam ily, If. as they should be, the proms are left with them and the borne. But one of the strongest things that com-! in the Western world and that mate mends this business to the man or I rial prosperity promoted by lntcrna woman of small means is that it takes ! tlonal trade shall tako its place. Dis so little to b3gin with and If the ! tlngulshed men were present at tho foart mro nnd mom are correspond- ; laying of the cornerstone and mess- Investment at nil, be soon developed into a good one. Coluiau's Rural World. SPRAYING POTATOES. The Vermont Agricultural Experi ment Station conducted a series of Instructive potato spraying tests. Poiatocs grown on sandy land sprayed with Bordeaux mixture gave an in- crea.-e over similarly grown un- sprayed plants of twenty-elgr.t per cent. In total yield and thirty-one per cent, in marketable tubers, while po tatoes grown on clay land gained seventy-four per cent. In total yield and sixty-eight per cent, in marketable tubers as a result of spraying over similarly grown unsprayed plants. , , , I The Bordeaux did not appear to In ci t men . " th,e 'hef hnD"' " ,seemod , ert " tonlc f,1 ,on the plan s, aside from ita iiuibiciuai mm lusecutiuui vuiue, Indiana Farmer. HOW TO PET A HORSE. I "Not many people know how to j pet a horse, from the horse's stand- I point, at any rate," said a trainer. "Every nice looking horse comes in I for a good deal of pettinj. Hitch a ! fine horse close to the curb nnd you'll I find that half the men, women nnd I children who go by will stop for a ! minute, say 'Nice horsey,' and givo I him an affectionate pat or two. j "The trouble Is they don't pet him I in the right place. If you want to j make a horsa think ho is going straight to heaven hitched to a New York cab or delivery wagon, rub his eyelids. Next to that form of en dearment a horse likes to be rubbed light up between the ears. In pet ting horses most people slight those nerve centres. They stroke the horse's nose. While a well behaved horse will accept the nasal caress complacently, ho would much prefer that nice, soothing touch applied to the eyelids. Once in a while a per son conies along who really does know how to pet a horse. Nine times out of ten that man was brought up In the country among horses and learned when a boy their peculiar ways." Farmer's Home Journal. SWEET CORN. Early Cory, Squantum and Country Gentlemen are among the best vari eties, writes H. D. Hemenway, in a bulletin of the Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture, and will mature according to the order in which they are named. It is well to plant a few rows of the Early ar.d then make several plantings of the Country Gen tlemen so as to have sweet corn from July until frost comes. To get the most from the land, plant in rows, three feet apart, putting three ker nels every six Inches, and pulling out ail but one as soon as the corn 13 well up. The suckers around tho roots should be kept removed. Corn should be planted on the ncrth end of the garden, or in such a way as to prevent shading lower plants. It grows from five to eight feet high. Squar.ium or Country Gentlemen corn planted on or before June 1 will be in condition to eat when school opers autumn u it has had care during tho summer. corn w ill reach tlie eating Btage in from ten to twentv weeks after planting. Seeds should bo covered one inch and the land should be rich in potash. It is well to hoe a pint of wood ashes or a half pint cf sulphate of potash Into every ten feet of row before planting, it is not generally wise to plant field and pop corn in the same garden, as it will mix, the pollen being carried by the wind. Corn should not be planted in school gardens smaller thao twenty feet long. bmuhhT '-! v.v4'v;,V' The Forest Ranger Works Hard, A TEMPLE OF REPUBLICS On May ll President Roosevelt, in the city of Washington, laid tho cor ncrstont of tho first International Temple of Peace, Friendship and Commerce, the tangible evidence of the desire of the twenty-ono American republics that war snail do no mom publics or America, ine new piuiu Ing Is to bo the Joint property of all the republics. The site provided by the American Congress is within a few hundred yards of tho White House and is adjacent to the State, War and Navy buildings and the Cor coran Art Gallery. .Mr. Andrew Car negie contributed three-fourths of a million dollars to the erection of the i linilillne- nnd each of the remiblic3 . nflflprl nn n,,rnrntlon to the fund. The building Is to be the homo of the International Bureau, main tained by the American republics, nnd Is to bo made the centre of a continuous campaign of education, whore one country may obtain accur ate and up-to-data information of any other. A library on all subjects THE NEW BUREAU OF PEAR American Is to bo secured, and by every possible means the American governments aro to be brought to gether with intimate acquaintance ship. The imposing building will stand on a five-acre reservation. It will be 169 feet Bquare, the main por tion Btanding two stories above a huge studded basement and being in turn surmounted by dignified balus trades. The rear portion, in order to cover a capacious assembly hall, will rise still higher. The general archi tecture will suggest Latin-American treatment, out of respect to the fact that twenty out of the twenty-one re publics are of Latin origin. A largo reading room will be a feature, where can he seen all the South as well as North American publications, besides Important historical data. A beauti ful assembly chamber that, for pres ent purposes, may be called the "Hall of the American Ambassadors, will provide the only room of Hi kind in DH. ROBERT KOCH. patriotic service: Endures Privations and Receives Small Pay. tho United States tspuciuiiy ucoaaj for International conventions, recep. tions to distinguished foreigners and for diplomatic and social events of t kindred nature. The bureau Is strict ly nn international nnd independent organization maintained by the Joint contributions, based on population, o( the twenty-ono American govern ments. We have not been without our difficult problems cf solution In tho United States, but the repnblici of South America have had a very troublesome and disastrous time In their national and International struggles and revolutions. The me cccs of the United States Government has been a splendid example and in spiration to the sister republics of the South, nnd the foundation of thlj Fan-American Palace of Peace, Friendship and Commerco i3 aa im portant epoch. Poverty of the i?lch, . Tho butler to the mlllionajy occa pant of a Newport villa has 6ued one of Ills host's guests to recover $300 money loaned. Aftar the notices br Newport grocers that they will no longer give millionaires unlimited credit this butler's suit is another to ken of the comparative poverty of some of the newly rich. In maaj households the butler, tho chef, the footmen and the maids have more AMERICAN REPUBLICS AS IT WILL AP WHEN COMPLETED. real money at the end of the nionti than tho occupants of tha villa. They get their board and lodging besldei wages. The master has an uneertalJ income, without regular salary or food and shelter provided by some one else. Now York World. One Grout IJore. Gontran has a neat way oi opeuin? oysters without a knife he has onl' I to begin telling them a story and the Immediately yawn. Le R,lre. 3 '-' V"