Records Show an Average of Fifty Ysars for
Performance of the Masterwork.
Ey IV. Si. Newman Borland.'
HE "sun. mum bunum" or a mnn's life who shall say when or
what It Is In any Riven case? It becomes almost a work
of supererogation to attempt to designate any single act or
performance as the one mot valuable In any man's career.
Reiliicpd In ihu u 1 1 1 ,? r . It Iw.ciinips after all. Ollly the ex-
H I presslon of an Individual opinion, savo in those striking in
I stances in which by gci.al consent a certain achieve-
ment Is recognized as the man's greatest work. No one
would deny that in "Paradise Lost" Milton attained me
highest expression of his mentality, that Wellington achieved his greatest
fame when he won the field of Waterloo, that Bacon's "Novum Organuai" Is
his greatest accomplishment, and that "Don Quixote" exceeded anything else
that Cervantes ever did. In other life-records one act may appear equal to
another at different stages In the man's development; or to one observer the
Influence of one deed may far outweigh that of another, and contrariwise.
This difficulty has been exceedingly hard to overcome, and without any at
tempt at dogmatism, but with the earnest desire to ascertain the truth as far
aa may be possible, has the decision been made In the disputable records.
Having been arranged in this manner, the records give an average age
of fifty for the performance of the masterwork. Kor the workers tho average
age is forty-seven, .ind for the thinkers fifty-two. Chemists and physicists
average the youngest at forty-one; dranmtists and playwrights, poets and
Inventors, follow at forty-four; novelists give an average. of forty-six; ex
plorers and warriors, forty-seven; musical composers and actors, forty-elgat;
artists and divines occupy the position of equilibrium at fifty; essayists and
reformers stand at fifty-one; physicians and surgeons line up with the states
men at fifty-two; philosophers give an average of fll'ty-four; astronomers and
mathematicians, satirists and humorists, reach fifty-six; historians, fifty-seven,
and naturalists and jurists, fifty-eight. As may be noted, there is a re-ar-rangemtnt
of the order at this time, but the thinkers, as before, and as would
naturally be expected, attain their full muturity at a later period than the
The corollary Is evident. Provided health and optimism remain, the man
of fifty can command success as readily as the man of thirty. Health plus
optimism read the secret of success; the one God-given, the other Inborn, also,
but capable of cultivation to the point of enthusiasm. The Century.
? The Man and His Job f1
OOOO-NIOHT TO LAV.
The lonu Bray beach with Its ipur of
Sprinkled with pearly spray,
Villi a (nee upturned to meet the iKy
Is wooing li,u last uf Uiij .
And the stormy waves tnrt up their hands
And echo tiii-ir tuiuitniii: try. . ,
Ami sen-urn ol ewe liiu .1 ''' nvaru
A home to ll.cir iic&li Uu-y lib
eries the r.iml, the waves,
O lioklon ilnv
"Leave us not.'
the III Ids,
"I.otivo us lll.t
But "Jlush my chl.di.n.' ni'1'
"For now 1 nu.-.t fepe J uv.ay
The Innclv trnvel!r lews hi" '''ra'1-,.
And lu iHithid in tin- il:ivs I "-i 11
And tin sun Im J, down X Wt 11
"OooJ-iilKlit," she inuiiiiuu,
And her str'nirlnu Wits of red and K'M
illifce tin- fkv wllh n lilnry iKlil.
And pulls hlvlu'a v 1 1 across ii r m .,
"Uuuil-nlglil," Kilo says, fco-jd-nir"'-
And the Ik-'ithomo keeper folds h' IvinJs,
"Diar tiod," he mui nun low.
"Pnv the i lilldien throughout lli' nujiH
Wlioin'tlie wave tots to and tro.
And lo! as tha enrnost keeper prays,
There (jlemns a radlnni Imht
And cjr,d'8 lump to snide his . I.IKlrcn sale
Is shining- tluoub'li the night.
One by one the stars peep out.
And the ocean n-iP-ois their UcM.
And the sands and tho sea and the Mru
and men , , .,, ..
Cry, "GooU-nlght, O world, good-nil,!.
All nltjht Ion from tho lighthouse tower
Flushes a steady light, .,..
And God's own Ihtiip. the mn"n. una "u
Are wutchlng on earth to-night.
So fenr not orenn. nor birds, nor man,
Kor Cod will mnko nil Hint's "Kin.
And with perfect trust In him ore "",
Murmur, "Liood-nlslit, good-intm.
Part of the Story of the Eoy Who
Rode on the First Train.
Mary K. Maule in St. Nicholas.
only person now living that was on tho
Mohawk and Hudson on its nrm my
with passengers over the road.
"Well, as 1 sulci, we had a terrible
time getting started, but at last we got
off, and then it did seem to me as if
we fairly flew. 1 had never felt any
thing like it. There were big while
stone mile-posts all along the road,
and It seemed to me that 1 no sooner
would set through dodging one than
3 the sun, am;lncr would come by. Oh, it wns
1 araud rldlne-. 1 teil you!
"A man by the name of Jervls John
D. Jervls, I think it was was chief en
gineer, John Hampton was the fire
man, and John Clark, the fellow they
called 'resident engineer,' acted as con
ductor. They didn't have a regular j
conductor. I remember that they filled
up tho boiler when we started, but at
what they called the 'half-way house'
we had to stop at a ink and take on
water to carry us throagn.
'By the time we'd left ilia half way
house the was getting right down to
her work, and It did look to me as If
we were going at a terrible speed al
though I guess about eighteen miles an
hour was the best time we made.
"I saw some of the passengers turn
pale and clutch their seats like grim
death when we rounded the curves;
and others of them, solemn old fel
lows, looked at each other and shook
their heads, as If they knew that going
at such a rate as that was almost wick
etd, and that they surely were tempt
ing fate. But 1 wasn't a bit scared.
The faster we wnt the belter I liked
it. The engine couldn't go too fast to
"People all along the way ran out to
look after the train as dumbfounded
as if it had been an airship or a comet,
and the horses and cows and pigs and
chickens '00k to the hills, bawling
and qr.awklns as If they thought the
very fiends were after them."
I 'A !
Ey Herbert J. Hapgood.
man cannot serve two masters, neither can he hold down
two Jobs at the same time. When the firm Is paying for
your whole time, It s not fair to divide your attention be
tween your regular work and a side line. Every idea which
comes to von should h pntevtuined and developed so as to
H I benefit your present employers.
I I once knew a man who attempted to carry on a small
I mail order business while filling a responsible position with
a large corporation. He spent his evenings devising new
schemes and perfecting his follow-up system. The side line required more
attention, perhaps, than he had originally piopored giving to it, and at last
he found himself sitting up late into the night mastering the details of his
A man cannot work all the time, and it only naturally followed that his
regular ofiice duty showed the effects of his overworked brain, resulting from I
insufficient rest and recreation. What Is more, before many weeks he found (
that his mail order business was encroachlni; on hjs regular office hours, and
he gave much time to It that practically belonged to the company which was
paylne; him a salary.
Aside from the Idea of Justice in the matter, It is unwise for the best in
terests of both parties concerned for an employe to try to keep two fires go
ing at one time. Most men get pretty busy getting wood for one fire, but
when they try to furnish the fuel for two fires, their energy pnu originality
is taxed bejond the bounds of human capabilities. New York Commercial.
There is a boy In New York, who
but wait a minute, he isn't a boy any
more, come to think of it, he is ninety
four years old, and that Is hardly a
boy, is it?
But he was a boy once, and a lively,
healthy, hustling boy he was, too, away
back in the early 'ISO's, and he did
something that no boy had ever done
before, and that no boy will ever do
again for he was the first boy that
rode on the first train in America.
His name was Stephen Smilh Dubois,
and he was just as loud of lun and ex-
I'VE CAUGHT NO FlSIf TO-Dw
Al. T1UI.W lrm 11. .1.1... 1, X'
aTinhinz went: v
For lines tliev. found some hits 0f itr;
for hook some pins thee !,
They mieled in the goldfish globe iutt,
hnlf a day,
V lnle Haby 13ear just waited tcJ im i ,
they would say. wt
After they'd fished a lent?, long titae uH
I Bobby Bear, I wish '
lou d go away, elear Jiahy Bcar-I ,
you'll scare the fmh."
"Dcy isn't nny fish, " said Baby Bear "for
vpsterduv. ' w
I was af'aid you'd hurt 'em, so I froj
', oil n-.vi "n
"Does she know her to talk to?"
"No, only o talk about." Smit(
A MISINTERPRETATION'. '1,
The Peddler "Peaeh-es!"
One of the Spinsters "Flatterer!"
ONE ON HUDBY.
"What is an able seaman, ma?"
"A man who can stand any number
of, schooners." New York Press.
A COUNTRY SCHOOL.
Through Co-opcratlon It Has All The
I Advantages of a City Institu
tion, I The country school, with its 111
i paid, incompetent teacher and its few
dull and uninterested pu;)lis, Is a t'.i:3g
of the paa lu .Magnolia TownsMi,
j Putnam County, 111. Magnolia Town
I chip Is the smallest towr.sl Ip In WA
j nols, and the people who live there)
' are not rich, but they have Intelligence
AN APOLOGY REQUIRED.
"Young man, you rescued my wife
from the water."
"I bes pardon, sir. I thought It
was your daughter." Judge.
"You would be a good danler but
for two things."
"What are they?"
"Your feet." Baltimore American.
citement, and of going to places and 1 enough to tee the wisdom of co-oper-seelng
things, as boys are today. In atlou, and so, Instead of a number of
the autumn of 1S31, after the crop 1 little schools with an incompetent
Significance of Mind
Ey Eenjamin Kidd
were harvested, and he had in his
pocket the money he had earned as a
farm hand, he thought he would give
himself a 6rcat treat. So he put his
little bundle on a Btlck over his shoul
der, and started to walk all the way
from Providence, Saratoga County, up
to Albany, to visit his uncle. He was
fifteen years old then, and a forty mile
walk was nothing to his active young
Ho had been living on a farm, and
the sights of Albany kept him at a lev
er heat of Interest for a week, at which
teacher and no equipment, they have ;
one big consolidated school with all i
the advantages of ihe city school, be
tides a course of study specially adap- ,
ted to rural needs. It costs the ma 11
ted to rural needs. It costs them a
llttlo more than the old school did, i
but they have sense enough to seo j
that there Is no better way to spend ;
money than on the education of their 1
As a site for this school John Swan- ;
ey, a faimer in moderate cireum-t-t.inces,
contributed, savs "World's
time he felt ihat he would have to start 1 Work," twenty-six acres of well wood-
TRUE BOTH WAYS.
"The die is cast!" hissed the Til
lain. Then, shaking their gold locks, the
chorus bounded on.
"It seems," the critic murmured,
"that the cast Is dyed, too." New
tv 1 0 1 n 3
Elevator Man "Flftlethstory. Far'
as we go!"
I'ncle Hiram (getting out)
"Gosh, Mandy, that conductor forgot
to collect our fares. Come alonj,
quick! We're a dime in," Bosto
"Whither away?" asked the cam
"To Join the society of psychic re
search," answered the candidate, "to
Bee whether I have a ghost of a show."
T has been my experience to be able to study animal in
stincts and animal lntelllger.ee, both in the lower and high
er anlmaU, in many conditions, for a period now extending
over more than twenty years. Deep and lasting, on the
whole, has been tho impression left aa to the results of
animal instinct. Nevertheless, it yields place to a deeper
feeling as to the character of the enormous interval which
separates the highest example of animal instinct from even
a simple act of intelligence. The most permanent result of
my own studies in animal capacities has been a gradually increasing convic
tion as to the as yet unlmagined significance of mind in the further evolution
of the universe. But I think that a first step toward a truer appreciation of
the almost Inconceivable potentialities of mind In the future is a clearer per
ception of the difference which marka off its higher manifestations from even
tho most remarkable examples of animal instinct. The Century.
Of a Railway
Ey Ceorga H. Post.
ELL, what Is a railway? A railway, as we understand it in
the states. Is a railroad, which for the purpose of the issue
of a lot of new securities must find a way, so we call it
road. We build railways because the people who live in
tenitory where they are cot, pray for them, clamor for
them, and say that ihe railway would be the greatest bless
ing that could come their way, but when the railways are
built, and they have derived all the blessings that come with
them, they are the worst things that ever happened. Tho
principal uses of the railway is to furnish bfllco seekers with something to
howl about; agitators with a topic for unlimited conversation, and everybody
with something to try to beat. The motto of politicians in dealing with rail
ways is, "Soak it to him."
on his return ourne. He did not In
the least mind the prospect of the '.ong
walk, but when he mentioned the mat
ter to his uncle, he was told that If he
would remain a little longer his tincia
would take him on the trial trip of the
new railroad then ueing built, and
which was the greatest experiment that
had ever been uudei taken in that
part of the country.'
What boy could possibly resist the
opportunity to ride In n brand-new In
vention that was the talk of the wholo
country, and which, moi cover, it was
predicted, would run away or blow up,
or go over into a ditch at the first
"The name of the engine was tho
'De Witt Clinton,' but somebody called
it the 'Brother Jonathan,' and It was
afterward known as the 'Yankee,' I
suppose on account of the English en
gine being called the 'John Bull.'
"It was a pretty funny looking little
contraption compared to what locomo
tives are now. It stood high and spind
ling, had a straight, small smokestack
and the boiler was about as big as a
kerosene barrel. Behind the engine
there was a tender. Just a sort of a
platform on a truck, and on this were
two barrels of water, a couple of bas
kets of fagots, and an armful of wood.
Behind the lender were the coaches,
hooked together by three links. Did
you ever see an old fashioned stage
coach? Well, these coaches were made
Just like them. Regular stage coach
bodies, placed on trucks and supported
by thorough braces with a "boot" at
each end for baggage and four seats
Inside, each holding three people, two
seats lu the middle, and one on each
end. There were five coaches that day,
and all of them were packed full when
the train finally got started, so there
must have been something like seventy-five
"All the 'big bugs,' and dignitaries
of the whple Etate were there. I reck
on no boy ever rode In more distin
guished company. Most of them were
directors of the road, senators, povern
ors, mayors, high-constables, editors
and aU sorts of celebrities. Many of
them were old men, even than, and
most of them were middle-aged or over
while I was the only boy on the ex
cursion and I was only fifteen. That's
by say that I know that I am the
j ed ground, and accordingly the instl
j tution Is now known as the John
i Swaney Consolidated school. The
; building and equipment cost $10.0vO.
! On the grounds Is a barn for the
horse that draw the children to school
from a distance of three or four miles.
; Two wagons are used for this purpose,
and though the Illinois mud in wet
I weather is of the best quality, they
: have never been known to miss a
i t l ip or to be late. Thus civilization
' advances lu spite of mud. The cost
Is about nine cents a day for each
One of the abandoned school bulld-
lugs which stands Just at the edge
i of ihe twenty-six acres has been re
modeled as a teachers' home, at a
cost of $300. This was done without
cost of the district, thre'. or four
farmers beaming the expenses. The
teachers pay them $9 a month rent
and have a housekeeper, while the
domestic science teacher In the school
outlines the dally menu.
Of the four teachers In the school
the principal gets $100 and the three
others $i;o a month. The curriculum
covers a high school as well as a com
mon rchool course, and the science
course includes agricultural training.
Just adjoining the campus is a sub
expeiiment station of the Illinois Col
lege of Agriculture and the pupils of
the Consolidated School have the priv
ilege of observing the work here.
HOW IT HAPPENED.
"Mr. Scribble, how did you happen
to write this wonderful work, so pal
pitating with human heart interest?"
"Oh, my butcher was dunning me
very hard for something on account,
and my landlord wanted his rent."
Kansas City Journal.
THE ANXIOUS FATHER.
Emily (playing "house") "No.
I'll be mamma and you'll be papa.ind
little Ben and Bessie will be our
Willie (after a moment, anxiouily)
"Ain't it about time to whip th
Mrs. Gladstone's Divinity,
At a reception held in a great hall
in England some years ago Mr. and
Mrs. Gladstone were honored guesta
During the evening It happened that
Mr. Gladstone was in a gallery direct
ly above the place in the parquet
"hero Mrs. Gladstone was chatting
v i ll some ladles. In the course of
t:.eir conversation a question arose
v.uich the ladles could, not settlo
satisfactorily. Finally one said:
"Well, there it One above wTlo
knows all things, and some day He
will make nil things plain to us."
"Yes, yes," replied Mrs. Gladstone
"William will be down In a minute'
and he will tell us all about it" Phip
THE POOR MILKMAN AGAIN'.
The milkman was boiling over
"And you mean 'to say my milk
don't look right?" he snapped. "WW,
lady, this can of milk is a picture."
"Ah, yes," laughed the keen house
wife, "a fine water color." Chicag
THE SAME THING.
"You have advocated a great manr
"Yes," answered the statesman.
"Yet you are now silent. Are yon
"No; I'm not discouraged. But th
audiences seem to be." Washingtol
CHANG INO HIS ORDER.
"Mas your order been . taken?
asked one of the waiters.
"Yes," raid Mr. Welbrpke, "fifteen
minutes no. If it isn'tMJ late.
j though, I'd like to change it.''
o ciiauje your oruer, sir:
"Yes, If you don't mind, I'll change
It to an entreaty." Chicago Tribune.
.In 1907 the world produced 8,988
OPO.OOO gallons of petroleum. ' '
"Now that we have an airship."
isalrt the progressive man, "what will
be tho next important invention?''
"I don't know," answered the un-
enthusiastic person, unless .11
some method of enabling the ma
who is running the ship to know e
actly what it i going to do." Wash'
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