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ill Score another victim for the writer 0 the vivid land prospectus. A wealthy old former recently appeared Vfore a district judge in a western Kansas county and asked for n Judg ment against a land firm in Chicago , because they had swindled him on u deal in old Mexico. The judge ques tioned the old man, who, by the way, had earned a fortune of over $50,000 by honest and hard work on the farm in his own community. ;How is It you purchased this land without seeing It?" the Judge In quired of the farmer. Well, the wrltln' sent me by this Arm said I could double my profits In a year, and that's a whole lot bet ter than havln'- my money In the bank. And these fellers said the banks were not safe, either. That ii why I bought the land. I bought It before I saw it, because they said It might all be gone If I waited a week longer." Thus It goes stung, stung, stung. Farmers and city men, too, for that matter, fall a prey to the lurid writ ing of the land prospectus builder. This new crater, or grafter, in the world of business Is making hay while the sun shines. He is reaping i rich reward for his labor. Bankers tay hundreds and thousands of dol lars are leaving their vaults to go Into the coffers of so-called big land firms who are selling out large tracts of wild land In the West. They have the farmer and Investor believing land is a better investment than a bank account. And so It is If the land Is all that Is said for it. Fortunes have been made In West ern land In the last few years. There ire iarniers u umuy buuuuus ui uie lddle West who have gone into TOas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyom ing and elsewhere and taken up cheap land and sold It again for bis profits, These men talk about it, and the ever present land booklet writer takes their story and sends it all over the country, magnifying and adding color to suit his particular lection, of course. A satisfied customer In Western lands Is a gold mine to a good "wild cat" land company. Tbey often sell tome few responsible men in each conViunity land at a low price, and res 1 it for them In a few months at a profit In order to get their In dorsement. They can afford to buy the land in themselves Land is sold in these modern times through advertising largely The old system of having hundreds of sub-agents scattered over the country rounding up the purchasers and taking them West on free rail road passes has been eliminated by the railroads cutting off the passes, and the land is now sold by advertis ing direct to the purchaser, It requires clever writers to "fix the dope." But there are clever young men In the West who know how to wield a pen in molding fanci ful opinion about beautiful tracts of land open for settlement. These young men are not graduates of ad vertising schools; many of them have never seen the Inside of a college, but they have been brought up' out West and they know how to write about their country so it Interests others. A tall, lean young man In Chicago, known by his friends as "7!op" be cause Le talks like a man in a co caine dream came from Texas. At tender aga he wrote letters to his cousin and friends in Ohio and other Eastern States, and his letters were w filled with news about the Texas home and the splendid opportunities to get rich there that many went to Texas and bought land as a result of hli booming. As he grew up his let ters were printed In the local news Papers and hundreds of them mailed "ery week by enterprising, real es tate agents to Eastern folk. -Hop" tew his writings were worth money, M he hired out to the biggest firm in lt home town, and before be was throue high school was making Mo a month writing booklets and Impressions on the coast country of Teias. "Hop" was wise and soon engaged w business for himself. Me optioned tract of land Just about the time he wnie of agd and sold It out by ad vertising. Small tracts of five acres ach at $3 a month was the burden ' his song. Five acres, be claimed, a enough to make any man rich, "ft It didn't. "Hop" paid $5 an acre r land and sold it for $20. Of course, he is rich such a fool '6n que-tion. Hides in autos, wears w6 diamonds, and acts for all the or'd like the story-book grafter. He l'uld never succeed as a direct sales-man- His methods are too rank, a:d ho has the bearing of a get-rleh-jUl:k man. In selling -by mall ho l3s the advantage of his customers ""y ne.-pr B0B hni( ,n(1 hy hig urid ""piioa of himself and his propo- a great many of the unwise ?t the Idea be is somcthlnc artat. '''Is is only one of the many. Lots ' young incn nj, ordinary training Sot a start iu the laud butlueis iiii litis. by writing booklets. They follow the frame-up" of some older and wiser head, and then run n a lot of talk that means nothing, but sounds nw fully good. The dollars begin to fiow Into their coffer, of course. It Is a marvel to a conservative man to raad tho Incoming mall of one of the Mg mail-order land con cerns. The number of peoplo who in siet upon s .itllng their money to these firms for land before they have seen the property is unbelievable. I can relate nu actual experience tLat came to my personal attention. A man living in Mississippi was a subscriber to a Pacific coast daily. This Pacific coast daily carried the two-inch advertisement of a Chicago land firm selling land3 in New Mexi co. Tho Mississippi man answered the ad. nnd got the beautiful Illus trated booklet and the selling talk. He at once bought a bank draft for $6000, the first payment required on a certain tract of land, and remitted It to Chicago. I know this transac tion occurred within a week's time Just time enough for the malls to handle the deal. I saw the letters written by the customer down In Mississippi and saw the draft. The Mississippi man had never been in New Mexico, knew no one there, and did not know the firm with whom he was doing business they were not rated In any mercantile report and the man who sent the draft was assistant cashier in a bank. Such transactions as this travel quickly the advertising agents hear about it and they tell other aspiring land grafters how easy It is to get money by mall, and so the story In duces others to "get busy." The man who can write a lurid land booklet that will bring in lots of money and still so represent the conditions near enough as to "stick" is the man sought by the near-honest promoter -who wants to take the peo ple's money, but has a horror of a fraud order, a Jail sentence, or hav ing to reiund any of his Ill-gotten gains. It Is the man who writes so near tho lie and yet keeps within the pale and at the same time gets results who Is paid big money for his work. Frequently writers of such books get $1000 a month, others work on a commission. I know a young man who gets one cent for every acre sold as a result of his literary efforts: he is living easy at big hotels, and his profits are piling up so fast that he cannot spend them. Land promotion Is one of the Im portant fields of endeavor In Chicago, Kansas City, Denver, St. Louts and smaller cities surrounding. You will find all of the big office buildings crowded with land men they always have the best suites and the finest equipment for business. Their of fices are luxuriously furnished and they themselves are examples of fit ness. Their high-salaried prospectus writers have private offices and only work when the "muse" hits them. In writing selling talk they are per haps the most successful modern ad vertising writers, but they do not work along the same principles of most advertising writers they do not lose any sleep sticking to the truth. The land publicist Is a man created for the purpose. When the Investor finds it Is best to investigate where he buys Western land this creature of circumstance will pass into ob livion. Detroit News-Tribune. The Cheapness of Life. During last year labor in the Uni ted States lost nearly 35,000 lives in the course of employment. There were also about 2,000,000 accidents. Most industries involve risks, some greater than others. The accident ate of electricians is excessive. That of coal miners is 3.10 per 1000 in the United States to 1.2 9 per 1000 In the United Kingdom. This proportion holds among the railroad employes. We lost 2.50 per 1000 to Germany's ,9S per 1000. In Qther words, we slaughtered on the average 915 more coal miners than England and 1735 more railroad employes than Ger many, Two conditions account for tms ex cessive death rate that runs through out all our departments of labor. First, the reckless indifference ana carelessness, united with an inherent dislike to obedience, that characterize our American workmen. Second, the unwillingness of employers to install accident saving devices, and to com pel military obedience to preventive orders. .... Hermanv has a permanent eslilta- tlon of accident saving devices which hns been productive of great benefit to life. This feature England is copying. Boston Post. Rural Diplomacy. Judcln" from the price ye charged me, neighbor, ye put three gallon uv m'lnsses In a two-trallon jug. xaow i ain't b'grudglu' the money, but I don't ral-lnte ter bev the jus strobed." Judge. THE WILD VIOLET AN AGGRESSOR. A Ramarkabl lllustrali.: Nature's Way ot Prstrv spreading the Plant. of The common wild v!olot aiiM:ls one of the most remarkable illustra tions of the care and apparent fore thousht of nature in preserving a species, says the St. Louis Glo'io Dem ocrat. As everybody knows, tho vio let grows In the shade, in pastures, woods and fields, where the grass is abundant and long. It comes up ear ly in the spring, and flowers at a time when the grass Is most abundant and succulent. Of course, it Is liable to be cut down by the scythe when mow ing is done, but much more likely is It to be bitten off by grazing animals. The lolets that come In the spring either do not seed at all or rery sparingly, so that If the plant relied on Its spring flowers for seed, It would probably perish off the earth In a very few years. Eut In the late fall the plant bears another crop of blossoms, that are never seen, save by the professional botanist. They are very small, utter ly Insignificant In appearance, and grow either Just at or below the sur face of the ground. These are the flowers which produce the seeds for the next season. The flowers on long stems bloom ing in the spring are only for show; tho hidden flowers are for use, and the number of seeds they bear may be Judged from tho ease with which a wild violet bed spreads in every direction. When the seeds are ripe the pod explodes, scattering them to a considerable distance, often ten to twelve feet from the parent plant, so that, In spite of its boasted modesty, the violet not only takes care of It self, but because a troublesome ag gressor. WISE WORDS. No wise man overshoots his own moral aim. The dogmatic are always strong on barking. All worthy education is training of the will. Counting your blessings discounts your burdens. No none was ever left sad by giv ing happiness away. The ability to learn marks the lim its of actual living. Too many men lay to a gentle heart the faults of a soft head. You cannnot Improve tho breed by polishing the brass on the harness. No man is master of himself who cannot control the guests in his heart. You do not secure a clean bill for yourself by Indicting the rest of hu manity. There never can be sufficient pub lic virtues lu a life to balance private Tlces. The worst failures are those suc cesses that have come at the cost ot the soul. There are many things we can not afford to get for less than their full price. Whether earth shall be like heaven depends on whether heaven Is in our hearts. Practice Is the one preservative of religion. Sitting still is always the most try ing situation in life. The best evidence of a healthy soul is its hunger for work to do. No man can own any more than he can carry In his own heart. No man can take Iniquity Into his creed aud keep It out of his charac ter. No prayer meeting Is long enough that does not reach to the market place, Tho man who hasn't the vigor to be vicious usually prides himself on his virtues. There never Is room at the top for the man who thinks It was built only for one. ' Some of the virtues of our friends grow out of the graves where we have burled their faults. Our example when wo are o pa rade has no influence at all compared to the effect of our every living day. When a man makes a distinction between his creed and his conduct, he will discover a breech between his aspirations nnd his heaven. From "Sentence Sermons,'.' in the Chicnyo Tribune. I'lii'f Conversation. There U a Government oiTicir.l i:i Washington to whom an unnecessary or inane question la as a red rag to a bull. Last summer he mado his usual ;rlp to Europe. On the first day out ;om New York he was strolling on L ne roroenad'3 deck, when suddenly there r.ppeared before him a niau whom he bad not seen for years'. "Why, professor," exclaimed tlia man. "To meet you, of all men! Are you going across?" "Yes," growled the professor. "Are ou7" Harper's Weekly. PRACTICAL ADVICE ABOUT DIVERSIFIED FARMING ti:tiitiiitnt:iinttutmutnnttu::innttittiitintimtttuntu Whnt Legumes Would Do. Attention was called last week to Ihe fact that cowpens In Michigan gathered 139 pounds of nitrogen to tho acre. Now ir these results can be had up In Michigan how much greater the amount of nitrogen tho pea will bring to the soils of the South in our longer season. A ton per acre of 2 S 2 fertilizer would give but forty pounds of ammonia, or about thirty-four pounds of actual ni trogen, more than 100 pounds less than an acre of peas gave In Michigan and much less in proportion than an acre in the South will give. Tho forty pounds In the ton of low grade fertilizer would cost at the lowest estimate $C. Two tons of cowpea hay per acre would have a feeding value of at least $20, and fully eighty per cent, of Its manurlal value could be saved if the manure is rightly handled, and a profit mado from the feeding, while the manure would not only give us the nitrogen, but would add organic matter and tend to the restoration of the humus to the soil, which the 2 S 2 will never do. And yet in the South men are buy ing cottonseed hulls to feed, and keeping no stock but the mules that have been paid for out of the cotton crop, and are planting cotton year af ter year gambling on the chances with 2 00 pounds per acre of a poor grade fertilizer. In which they pay for sacking and freight on 300 pounds of worthless filler. And then, for every crop planted, their, continual inquiry is, "What sort of fertilizer?" and "How much shall I use?" never dreaming apparently that If they farmed right they would not need to buy any fertilizer except phosphoric acid and potash for the peas, making at home through the peas a fertilizer worth far more in the permanent Improvement of their land than all the chemical fertilizers ever compounded. Oh, the pity of It all! Professor Massey, in the Progressive Farmer. Kind of Cotton to Resist Boll Weevil. The improvement of cotton by breeding, or more properly speaking, by selection, to meet the new condi tions brought about by the boll wee vil. Is of the greatest Importance. Es pecially should the territory hot yet infested get ready for his appearance by 'selecting those varieties found best in the Infested areas and by ac climating and further Improving them. It is none too early to be gin this work, for the weevil does most damage when It first appears. In selecting the cotton plant to save seed from, having a view to boll weevil conditions, the early fruiting, best yielding, vigorous plants should be chosen, and according to Bennett, In Farmers' Bulletin No. 314, which we advise every cotton farmer to send for, should have the following special characteristics: "(1) Tho first fruit limb must be low, not higher than the fifth or sixth Joint above the seed leaf Joint. "(2) The wood or primary limbs must be low, and should not exceed four In number. The first limb should not be higher than the fifth or sixth Joint above the seed leaf joint. "(3) Tho joints in the main stem, In the fruit limbs and in the primary limbs must be short, not exceeding one to three Inches in the lower part of the plant. "(4) Fruit limbs should grow at the successive joints ot both the main stem and the wood limbs. "(5) Fruit limbs should be con tinuous in growth for continuous frultins until the plant Is matured." In addition to these qualities, size of boll, percentage of lint to seed, length of fiber and storm resistance should be well looked to. To do this, it will be necessary to at first select only a few stalks that come nearest to these conditions and plant the seed of these in a plot from which the best stalks are to be taken for the seed plot the next year. Progressive Farmer. Asparagus Culture. For a seed bed break thoroughly a piece of dark, well drained soil, as nearly free of grasB as can be had; make the rows two and one-half feet apart and sow the seed about one Inch apart about the middle of Feb ruary. A crop of pea vines grown the year before will put the land in fine condition. A liberal use of high grade fertilizer Is essential to the best development of the roots. The delicate nature of the plants makes hand picking of grass constantly nec essary. The plants should be two to four feet high when killed by fro3t in the fall. In February take up the roots and promptly set In proper soil brlc.ht sandy loam on six-foot rows, two feet on the row, at a depth of ten or twelve inches, according to tho den sity of the soil, deepest on lightest soil. Choose best crowns and extend the roots both ways iu tho track, ore half each way. Cover not dcopcr than three inches carefully by hand. Alter the plants get uu rake in Just enough soil to cover the fine grass, and repeat as often as necessary to prevent grass getting ahead. At the ond of tho summer there should still be a valley over the roots. The al leys must be kept clear of grass. Some crop of small growth may be grown.. Two crops of cowpeas sown in April and July work well for the purpose. T. J. Hamlin. Advantages of White Treed. A well known Southern poultry man who, Is making an enviable rec ord with market poultry and who la so well known as fancier that his name is becoming -Almost a house hold word, says he raises white fowls exclusively, not because "white is am emblem of purity and Innocence." but because ho has proven them tho most profitable. He a3ks, "Whoever saw a commercial poultry farm, where Clack Leghorns were the lead ing" breed, or any other colored breed tho favorite, if depended on for eggs?" Every one knows tho record White Leghorns have as layers; and their early maturity makes them de sirable as broilers. But tho large breeds of white fowls are crowding close on their records. Of the num erous egg records kept in the East duriDg the last year or two, White Plymouth Rocks stand at the head ot heavy breeds as layers. Some have equaled, if not surpassed, White Leg horns with this in their favor, that their heaviest egg production is In winter when prices are highest. A White Plymouth Rock hen should weigh seven and a half pounds and be worth seventy-five cents on the market when no longer valuable as a layer. Nothing can surpass a White Rock, either for frying, roast ing or the good old time chicken plo, Mrs. C. S. Everts. Tripod Hay Fork Derrick. Three poles thirty-five feet long nre required to make the buy derrick shown In the illustration. They are Tripod Derrick For Hay Fork. fastened together at the top in the manner indicated at A and can bo raised with a team, fastening a rope to the end of the single pole and passing it out between the two polea on the opposite side, which have been placed in holes. Draw steadily until the desired height is reached. Al most any size or shape of stack can be built under these poles. ,., Don't Plant Honeysuckles. I saw In the Progressive Farmer some time ago some one recommend ing the planting of honeysuckle to stop gullies. My advice is "don't." If you do you will surely regret It, for tho honeysuckle Is harder to get rid of than the gully. When it once gets a start it is almost impossible to get rid of it. Some of my neigh bors would give a good sum to get rid of what they have. G. R. Gra ham. Mr. Graham is perfectly right la his advice so far as cultivated fields are concerned, the editor of that pub lication admits. The honeysuckle Is fine to cover banks or trellises about the house or other buildings, but In the fli-lds'is an unmitigated nuisance. Devise a System of Rotation. Think out and lay down a system of rotation of crops adapted to your farm, and which will work in well with one another, so that you may, be able to get them all planted, culti vated and harvested on time, and aim not so much to have the greatest area as that area which ran bp most thoroughly prepared and fertilized, and thus secure maximum crops. It will pay much better to make fifty b'.tshe!s ot corn on ore acre than oil four. Southern Planter. Rcttcr Than Tcrrncrs. Cattle and sod with deep plowing and Eubsollinu on our red hills will do more to prevent washing tban all the trrac:s ever mala. W. F. Massey.