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f Faces Are Cm Done" Is u, Verdict. of PCans m Hen who Are D
Close Touch with Amateur Athlellcs. . "n0ArilD V,r:ng to Allow Majority to Ccmoofa- a n . ... """MUtMinlnia b, H,,.C,, Now thiit the accounts of the many jlaratbon races are beginning to read like a recital of casualties on a field of battle, the highest authorities In Ubieties ae realizing that the thing la being over done. Men who havo j been connected with sport for a gen 1 eratlon have turned away from these j contests with pity for the unfortunate ! ntenders and disgust for the avarl i 'clous promoters, who seek quantity In tiieir entry lists and care little about I He quality of the rank and file of the 1 starters. James E. Sullivan, presl- dent of the Amateur Athletic Union; j W. L. Jones, who has acted as ref- f re In most of the recent contests, ind John McHugn, who has had charge of the scoring, do not hesitate la eipresslng the opinion that the Marathon craze has gone aeyond rea sonable bounds and that many of the youths who have competed In them have received Injuries that will not easily be overcome. Physicians who have been called on lo treat some of the Marathon suf ferers have been amazed at the poor physical condition of the boys who were allowed to compete and run till they drop. Dr. Bushman, of St. Greg orys hospital, spoke indignantly of the officials who allowed such youths as Max Mooney, a weakly east side boy, to run in such a thing as a Mar athon. Mooney, who Is barely twenty-one years old, competed In the Brooklyn-Sea Gate race on Lincoln's birthday and tottered along far In the ruck. After making his way back u far as Park row he collapsed, some tvo hours after the end of the strug ty He was taken to the hospital, nattering from complete muscular ex haustion and his heart was badly af fected. Strained Heart Badly. In the same race E. Harnel strain ed his heart so badly that his life was despaired of for a time at the Swedlsn hospital. Another youngster on the same occasion, Sylvester Vigilante, barely eighteen years old, dropped unconscious in the road and was in jured so badly uy the strain that the doctors at the Kings tounty hospital wltere he was taken. Bald that he might suffer from the effects for the rest of his life. These are only a few Instances, but almost every race that has been run recently has had such pesome features. Those who promote the events do sot profit by past experience and lim it the entries to tried men. It was Mated before a race on Washington's birthday, that all the starters would be examined by a physician previous to the contest. How casually they ere Inspected, however, was made ivldent by the number of ooys who collapsed along the route. Only two were taken to hospitals on Uiig oc casion, but a score or more were brought back to the starting point in automobiles, and the amateur attend ants had their hands full trying to revive them witS aromatic spirits and liberal doses of stimulants. Poor, III Fed Competitors. The type of many of the starters Is well illustrated by the story an officer of the Fourteenth regiment told In re tard to the race run Washington's tlrthday. "A boy," he said, "came in hereout of breath and said he wanted to enter the race. He said be had nil all the way from Warren street, Manhattan, out to South Brooklyn. When i asked him if he had the dol lar to pay for his entry fee he had ald no, so I told him he would have to run all the way back! Where some of these fellows get the necessary en trance money Is a mystery to me." There are scores of youths from the poorest quarters of the city who look ill fed and anemic starting in every one of these races. Nine-tenths of them have had no training at all. At re Miit race Troin Rye to New York out more than one hun dred itarters there, were not more than half a dozen who had warm clothing or shoes that were not well "Worn. Probably the worst "Marathon" that was ever run was out in Pitts trarg recently, where four thousand schoolboys, under Blxteen years of ge, were allowed to compete In a ten mile race. Mr. Sullivan said that It was absolutely cruel to permit these youngsters to injure themselves, Perhaps for life.. Out In the same vi cinity a Marathon race was run inva blizzard,, and had 228 starters. Hugh Duffy,4who used to be steward of the N. Y. A. C, followed this race part of the way In, an automobile. He said tht- hardships suffered by the runners 're like those of Napoleon's army on lU retreat from Moscow. In the out lying districts,, where there were few houses, the men collapsed in the blinding storm, and with the temper ature t Rlxteen decrees ' they were forced to trust to luck tcj get shelter, Tie road rnndltions werfe so bad. he said, that the officials' automobiles were forced to stop half way, and arter that the runners were left to suffer the tortures of the tempest. "It is almost criminal," Bald Mr. Sullivan, "ihe way some of these runs are conducted. No boy under eighteen should ever be permitted to enter them. That boys' race In Pittsburg tliould never have been sanctioned. Physicians should be appointed by the A. A. V. to examine all prospective carters. The clubs that promote these events should limit their entries to athletes who have been registered at least one year; then we would. not have the roadsides littered with the unconscious forms of mere novices. The whole thing Is overdone. It is a pity that a man like James Clark, who. is at least twenty-five years old, and has full control of his senses should be foolhardy enough to run two Marathons within ten days, as he did recenVy. It Is the older encs that set the bad examples. "It Is all right for professionals to do this," he continued, "for they are making a business of It and have' plenty of time to rest and recuperate. I agree with the statement of 'Mike' Murphy, in Sunday's Herald, that young boys and older men have no business running long races unless they are specially fitted by long train ing, and are so situated in a business way that they are able to accommo date themselves to the tremendous strain. The clubs that promote the events should try to pick out only men who have had the experience and are well seasoned." "There Is altogether too much com petition now among schoolboys, and what they need Is organized play. Let the youngsters go out to the suburbs In the fall and have hare and hounds runs Just for the pleasure of it, and as they develop they can go to cross country work. There are any num ber of cross country runs In outlying sections every week, and the clubs could get a line of Marathon starters by watching these. If a contestant falls to show the necessary strength to complete one of these six or seven mile courses he should be promptly rejected for a Marathon. Incidentally the weight question is the ruination of many boys. Recently t heard of a thirteen-year-old youngster who was taking Turkish baths in order to train down a few pounds in order to be eligible for a schoolboy race of a certain class. A regulation should be made on the basis of height or age. "It Is not the duty of the A. A. U.," said Mr. Sullivan, "to curtain the num. ber of Marathons, for I believe the more we have the better will our dls tance runners become, but quantity must be sacrificed for quality." F. Jascoey, of the Trinity Club who has shown unmistakable signs of good running ability in many five and six mile cross country runs early in the Beason entered the Brooklyn-Sea Gate Marathon race on Lincoln's Birthday, with the avowed Intention of finishing- the run at any cost. Jas cosy accomplished his purpose, being the eighth runner to complete tne ais tance, although several of his friends who accompanied him on bicycles aver that he was ready to drop from exhaustion at any moment after the fifteenth mile. After one week's rest Jascosy was entered by his olub in the senior cross country championships over a six mile course In the Bronx. To the surprise of many of his friends, who hurt heen led to exnect a creaitaoie nerformance on his part, Jascosy seemed to have lost much of his form- v.ftHittv snd trailed the Dack. He was finally forced to quit the struggle aftr three and a haK miles of labored running on his pan, aur ing which time be was beaten nearly a mile by half a dozen ainieies wouia he had little difficulty In outdistancing early in the season. ' In England the problem of ruining boys' health by this excess of running has become a serious one also. J. Her bert Farmer, who was captain from issft to 1891 of the Old Harrowans and Middlesex County football team, made inquiry recently ot some oi me highest medlpal authorities in Great Britain as to the. opinions they held vcpnriilns distance races for boys. The answer he received was a unanimous protest against the practice. The fol lowing eminent authorities spoke against the evil: Sir Lauder Breun ton Sir ThomaB Barlow, Dr. James F. Goo'duart. Dr. W. Hale White and Sir Alfred Tripp. In a communication which they sent to Mr. Farmer they said- 'We have no hesitation In say lng that we consider that school and cross countiy races exceeding one mile In distance are wholly unsuitable for boys under the age of nineteen. M the continued strain involved Is apt to cause permanent injury to the ne.art and other organs.-Fram the New York Herald. WELCOME HOME! V IV. J a "".?.... ... f rVK. iraiuii Cartoon by W. WRIGHTS, "KINGS OF THE AIR," ; RECEIVED A ROYAL WELCOME HOME Man Who Flew 75 Miles In Two Hours ,and Twenty-seven Minutes Talks of Future of Flying. Now York City. Wilbur and Or ville Wright, titled by the French "Kings of the Air," received a truly royal greeting on their return to their native country after their his tory making achievements abroad as aeroplanlsts. Their sister, Kath erlne, bubbling over with enthu siasm, came back with equal honors with her brothers, for she made sev eral flights as a pioneer of ber sex In aviation. The brothers and sister, while the most notable group In the ship's com pany of the Kronprlnzessin Cecllle, were at the same time the most un- i assuming me Drotners almost timid in tne noisy demonstration in their honor, and looking as though they craved the aid of the "magic carpet" which they have called into being out of the realms of fancy to fly away. Flying, and not talking, 1b tbe forte of the Wright brothers, and what they had to say- was persuaded out of them by the insistence of their questioners. But that was more than they have ever said before, and gives a clear idea of their hopes, their plans and the field of the aeroplane as they know it at present. It is adapted to special uses, and not to regular passenger or freight service. It is a vehicle for short trips in quick time. It Is a pleasure car for those who like the thrill. About sixty of the machines liave been ordered by wealthy private citi zens, mostly In Europe. The cost is $7300. The largest flying machine yet built by the Wrights carries two persons and has stayed in the sir two hours and twenty-seven minutes, ny ing 127 kilometers (seventy-five miles). Powerful Fnsltie of Modern War. v Mr. Wright says that machines will be built soon that will carry fourteen or fifteen persons. He does not antici pate any machine will cross the ocean in the lifetime of any one now living. The governments of Kurope are deeply interested in the Wright aero plane, and several of them will adopt it. The- European powers are not bothering with pleasure vehicles, and therefore they must see In the aero plane some other use to which it can be adapted. , Military experts of Europe claim that if the aeronlane can attain a height ot 1000 feet It will be safe from rifle fire, the one mode of att.ick or defense to be feared. Wilbur Wright said that he expected to dem onstrate that his aeroplane could Bafely be driven at u much greater height than 1000 feet. Therein the secret of the tremen dous Interest shown by foreign gov ornmpnts through their military ex. perts is found. The net result of the trip abroad of the Wright brothers and the successiui mgnis oi num . that the most powerful engine of war the world has ever Known is now out of the experimental stage and ready to obliterate frontier lines the world OTGP. Wilbur Wright, who has solved the problem of aerlalnavigatlon by means f heavler-than-air machine, is the type of man who accomplishes things, fall as the average man, rather loose, ly put together, but In the easy, fric tlonless manner that denotes the tlre human machine, he carries no superfluous weight In his body. His face sllghtlv tanned to the ilnt ot oerfect health, Is firm, oval, but rath- er nharniy arawn. iut v ....e- set and clear seeing. No lines havo yet appeared in the face, except two ever-changing half circles on either side of his firm mouth, which give ex presslon when he is talking, for his u. horHlv nnnear to move. His voice Is low pitched and modulated to a tone that makes it barely audible two feet away. 'Aeroplane Will Make ;' 1' Field For iiscu. nriiiia ts'vounger In appearance and has the complexion of youth. ni build Is much like that of the hmther. but his eyes are more prom inent and his face without the sharp er lines. He speaks so much like his hrnther that only friends could tell which one was talking. Miss Wright is pretty, vivacious and charming, her .w,n aiw&va ready and bright, a .vhole-souled, outdoor. American, girl. SN A. Koclgera, in the New York Herald. The first c presslon from Wilbur Wright on the future of the aero plane as he sees it came after he had been questioned about his own ma chine. "New Inventions find or make new fields for themselves," he Bald. "I believe that this Is true of the aero plane. It will not take the place of the automobile, the steamboat or the railroad train. In a word, it will make a field for itself without usurp ing a neia sireaay occupied. ihe aeroplane will not compete with the railroad or steamship as a conveyor of passengers over great distances and in large numbers, and as a carrier of freight It would prove a troublesome and unprofitable un dertaking. Machines to Carry Slvtccn May Ho Huilt in Future. "At present I Intend to build aero planes for two and three passengers. The number of passengers an aero plane may carry is not limited to two or three, and in the future they may be built to carry a dozen to sixteen passengers. "The aeroplane will find Its pres ent usefulness after the manner of the automobile In its adaptability for quick trips over known routes, but will not take the place of the automo bile." "Will the aeroplane ever he able to make long trips to cross 'lie ocean?" Wllhur Wright was asked. The lines about his mouth played curiously. "I am not building a machine to cross the ocean," he answered. "Do you think thp dirigible balloon will be able to cross the ocean, or make regular trips between inland cities?" "I am not a balloonist and Bhould not go Into that field. It hardly seems practicable. Mr. Wright then told of his con tract to return to Germany and dem onstrate his aeroplane, prior to its adoption by that government, and added, significantly, that In the last two months Germany had turned from dirigible balloons to heavier- than-alr machines. Found Nothing Abroad J To Adopt or Adapt. Will vour aeroplane be Improved by the adoption of any Ideas or inven tions you found In Europe?" We found nothing, and will adapt or adopt nothing. In fact, all the leading experimenters in the same field have ordered ourmachlnefi. Sixty are now under construction in France and Scotland. They are of the same model as the one I took over. All of these have been ordered in advance. Their price willbeabout $7500 each." Women in Flights Showed Splendid Nerve. "They showed splendid nerve. None of there seemed In the least afraid or excited, and made splendid passengers. Taktng their behavior, they certainly showed equal nerve with the men, and all of the men had good nerve," Bald Mr. Wright. Miss Wright said that she would not be able to return to Erope with her brothers Jn the early fall, as her father has not been well and her place Is with him. She said that they had hsped that the entire family might go to Europe. but that this plan had been abandoned. Orville Wright told of tbe plans or the brothers In this country. They remained in New York only over a day, and then went to Dayton, Ohio, for a few days' rest. Then they will go to Washington, D. C. where the experiments, which ended disastrous ly In the death of Lieutenant Sel frldge and serious Injury to Orville Wright, who has been prevented from making any flights since, will be re sumed. Orville hopes that his in jured thigh will mend enough to per mit him to take part in the flights. The test is to be concluded before June 28, in accordance with their contract with the United States Gov ernment. Then they will remain for a while to give army officers lessons in the management of the machine. In August they expect to sail for Ger many, and will remain abroad for gnme months. On Jun 11 they will be received by President Tall at Washington. VOCABULARY OF A TRAVBLLHR. They took her to Niagara, 'l'o see the wator come down; Sh tfuzet! In awe awhile. And then -"I swan to KOOdnea!'' (aid Uiandm liruwn. To Coney'a Hie she trnvclled next; 'Twai on a aurmner nlxht. "I iwan to gootlnexa!" wtin all she said When Dreamland splendor burat on tier sight. Where stand the Sphinx and Pyramids Amid (he eternal siinda "J iwsn to goodneaa!" ahe aald once more, Aa ahe threw up her hunda. To fnr-fnmid Venice next they went; The atieeta were wet that day. "I swan tn goodneaa, they've had flood!'' Granuiua was heard to say. Thoy took her to the KlfTel Tower; Who gaied a moment down Ami saw the men like mice below "1 vwun to Kaudneaa!" aald Urundml Urown. 8h aalil the aame on Avon's bankt, The fame at Waterloo. "1 awan to Koodnesn!" ahe still exclaimed At wondeis old and new. And even when her train whi wrecked And nmaflhed to kindling wood, about "1 awnn to gojdneaa!" aald Grandma Erown The minute they dug tmr out! Will 8. Gldlcy. "laogA aJd THE WbrLD. "Pa, what's a metrical romance?" "Well, this month's gas bill is one." Cleveland Leader. Hoax I wonder how many Ameri can girls have married foreign counts. Loax I don't know, but those who haven't are countless. Philadelphia Press. The Heiress But they tell me yo'l are embarrassed by your debts. Tbe Suitor Don't you believe it. But doubtles-s my creditors are. Chicago Dally Nsws. "Don't you ever get homesick, cap tain?" asked tbe passenger oil the ocean liner. "No; I'm never home long enough," replied the captain. Phlliv dulphla Press. "Sometimes," said Vnclo Eben, "I ketches i.iyse'f lambastln' a mule fob. doln' purty much de same as I would do If I was in de mule's place!"- Washington Star. Police Justice You saw that cock fiitlit? Why didn't you stop It and ar rest the men? Police Officer I dll, y'r unner afther th' fk'ht was over. Chicago Tribune. "You admit that you sometimes make mistakes," siibl tho Intimate friend. "You are wrong," answered the eminent statesman. "I sometimes make mlstnkes, but I don't admit it." Washington Star. "How did you and your husband dis cover then you were affliiltW?" asked the pretty young widow. "Heavens; We never did. Wo gut married In a decent way, neither of us having any reason not to." Chicago Record-Herald. "Pa," asked ll'tle Willie, looking up irom his text hook, "what Is a linear foot?" "Why-er-a linear foot " stam mered hit fath'-r, "why-er-It's one that's hereditary, of course. TJldn't you never hear tell of a linear descend ant?" Philadelphia Press. "Do you think you could Identify tho burglar?" asked tho detective from City Hall. "Well, I never saw him," replied the victim, "but he was a very small num." "How do you know?" "Haven't I told you he got Into our flut without any trouble?" Philadelphia Press. "I see," said Sauntering Sim, "dat. It says In dls paper It ain't a good fins to tako r bath for at least an hour after ea'ln'." "Whot's de use spendlu' your time readln' stuff dat can't never be any good to you when you find It out?" asked Tiredi Treadwell. Chica go Recoid-IIerald. ' Edyth It's too bad 'that Clara was in love with JdoV'wheu he proposed to me. I feel sorry for the poor girl. Mayme Why, she is In love with Tom. She never even cared for Jack. ETlyth Oh, dear! I never would have accepted him had I known that. Chica) Dally News. "What sort of telescope do you use for seeing things on Mars?" The emi nent astronomer, habituated to scan ning the heavens at magazine space rates, stayed his pen but an instant. "I have learned," he replied, "not to rely on any telescope. . The best of theni sadly hampers tho play of the imagination." Philadelphia Public Ledger. "I don't understand it," complained the tramp. "What don't you under stand?" asked the philanthropist. "Well, ycr see it's dls way, boss. I ast a guy fer a dime ter git a bed, an" he says, 'G'wan, yer grafter didn't I give youse a dime las' right?'" "Well?" "Well, what I want ter know is dls: Don't dat guy link a feller has ter sleep more'n oncet In hla life?" Cleveland Leader. , The gold production of the Vnited Eates, In round figures, Is 2, 500,000 a year, and of silver C0,000,00O ouueua.