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Does It Pay
By E. A. t t I IIIIIIIIIIMH Not to many years ago, even to the present time, ve and many other farmers were deluged with literature regarding the advantages to be de rived from emigration to the "Golden West." Promoters of laud deals, lm migration agents, railway and Indus trial commissioners, all contributed Interesting data relating to their par. tlcular section or field of action, until jt would seem to the average farmer of the eastern or central States, or In any section that had been long under cultivation that a realization of his highest ambition was to be found west of the mighty Mississippi, General farming as carried on In our own and the adjoining States, was far from satisfactory. The land which In the days of our parents had yielded a competence, had greatly de teriorated and Its value correspond ingly depreciated. After absorbing a large amount of Information re garding the health and wealth to be found In the fertile valleys of the West, we became so thoroughly Im bued with the prospect of prosperity, that we disposed of our belongings at a great sacrifice and began our journey of discovery to find the Ideal spot in which to establish our new home. We had been especially attracted, through correspondence, to one of the valleys In Colorado. The re sources for Irrigation were superior to those of many other sections; the climate was reputed to be, and doubt less Is, exceedingly healthful, while the price of land was claimed to be exceptionally reasonable. We had an exceedingly interesting drive to the great head gates of the river and irrigation canal with the genial land agent, who pointed out with much pride the holdings of a great Eastern real estate syndicate which bordered the canal. In fact, this syndicate had promoted the whole Irrigation sys tem and was now offering the new land for settlement. The "reason able" prices of these acres were some thing to wonder about, they being frorn, (200 to $300 and more per acre. The special Inducement offered to homeseekers all along the valleys of this and other States was that from five to ten acres of this valuable land would yield a larger revenue. When we demurred at the enormous prices for land that had never been broken by a plow, the answer Invari ably was: "You must consider the valuable plant food this land con tains." When we noticed a fine field of alfalfa at the ranch home of this wan, he at onca attempted to ne gotiate the sale of four acres of this field fall he could spare) at the "ex tremely low price" of $1000, and this three miles from the nearest town, containing 700 inhabitants, not an other town within many miles, and the public road half a mile from the plot. We were then driven to the farm of a man who, with his wife, had come from Vermont several years be fore. Both were far along In years, and although the orchards and vines bore luxuriantly, there was a look of longing and homesickness In the care worn faces when we spoke of "back East." Then they told us that the profits from the orchard fruits were small on account of the excessive rail way rates and the almost total loss of the vine fruits In consequence of the great distance to a market. Said the gray haired woman: "I picked eighty gallons of the finest goose berries you ever saw, yet nothing was gained. There was no sale for them in our little town, and it would not pay to ship them so many miles to a large market. We used one gallon at home, the rest we had to throw away." This man had been a practical farmer among the Vermont hills. He was far from being a poor man there, but dissatisfaction with soil condi tions and some ill health had induced him to Jeave the old home and the -'lB of relations and friendship. In reply .to some questions be said: "Yes, fhls Is a rich soil; plant foods are plentiful, but it will never be home, and we are always looking backward. Had I taken care of my soil, and "studied what was needed on the old Vermont farm. I would be bow prosperous man among my own kin-to-day. instead of owning ofily these few acres, which bring me so, little,, even thpugh they produce so muchj ' , And so, all along the Jonrney of thousands t. miles' we found the main conditions practically the same. The 'trctursli' i)lant foods produced fair crops', but no hHVet than our.weU fed soils ot'the East,'and it is eldom we experience-; the - terrible hailstorms which irequently devastate all of a Bea3on's crops as we saw them do there. Wherever we traveled we dis covered" some drawbacks to the per fect realization of tho dream la which we -had been led to Indulge, r1 Ear pri atcr problems uEfrontd . IV in the W. n Hum we bad- encountered in iu. r..M,'ani1 without ftiy further (.-.- .(, ro lay the foundations of our ,.. K'ji. e iu the Inud of ita Sotting to Go West ? Summer. Sun, we turned our. faces eastward again. Brother farmers, the problem has already been solved for us by the great chemical industries of the world. It is true we, or those be. fore us, hnvo taken from-the soil far more than; we have put back. This Is against all reason. Farm manures are not, and never will be, sufficient for the bringing up of out worn soils in tho condition in which the land Is now, but the chemical manures will ob surely supply the need, if we use them as liberally as we should and with a proper rotation of our crops. One of the strong ar guments of the Western advertiser Is the soil content of potash, which enables the Western farmer to grow abundant crops of alfalfa; yet here in the East, upon land once consid ered worn out absolutely, I have seen during the past few years as luxuriant a growth of this valuable plant as I evor saw in the West, simply by te application of generous quantities of the element 'potash, combined with the two other Indispensable plant food elements, phosphoric acid and nitrogen In lesser amounts. Both potash and nitrogen are greatly lack ing In many sections of our Eastern States, Experiments have proved this: Let every man experiment for himself and thus determine the needs of his soil; apply the fertilizer needed in sufficient quantities and he will be In a position to refute this story about "abandoned Eastern farms, tho fertility of which is exhausted." If the crops show the need of potash, supply it; If either phosphoric acid or nitrogen seem deficient these as well as the Indirectly available ma terials are easily obtained. There is no necessity for leaving the great markets and the familiar surround ings, to obtain the supplies of a soil. From the American Cultivator. Gloom Spread by Book Agents. "When I was a small boy, living in Huntsville, Mo., an early day book aent came up from St. Louis by steamboat and flooded our country with a harrowing volume entitled 'Agnes; the Key to Her Coffin.' Ev erybody bought tho thing and every body wept over It," remarked a well known resident of this city. "Its In fluence descended upon the communi ty like a nightmare. It reeked with shrouds, funerals and graveyards. For a long time 'The Key to Agnes' Coffin' was the sole diversion of cer tain portions of the populace; they seemed to take a pure and chastened Joy In the awful weight of woe that oozed out from between Its lids, and It made them feel better. There were not many books In the country in those days, and this sagacious agent had sized the community's taste up about right. The book was supposed to be very consoling to the distressed, In that it told of worse troubles than their own." Macon Republican. A LESSON IN "SHOP TALK." ... Why the Cattleman Dilated so Particularly ADOUt ateer Tt was nt a dinner given by the members of a certain English circuit in honor of an eminent judge. The legal element predominated, and the conversation from the first ran In a legal channel. Those among the com pany who did not happen to be bar risters or solicitors sat silent, listen ing with vacuous smiles to the ex change of learned opinion which was being carried on round taem. One only among this dumb minority, says H. G. Brown, in the "Conclusions of an Everyday Woman," seemed im patient and ill at ease. He was a big. Jolly, loosely-made man, wearing clothes which some how did not seem to set naturally on him, the conventional dress suit ap pearing less appropriate to his hand some figure than would have been, say, the loose shirt and riding breeches of a cowboy or colonial squatter. His cheeks were bronzed, and his bright, clear glance spoke eloquently of an outdoor life. x As the dinner advanced and the conversation plunged deeper and deeper still into the profundities of legal erudition, he became more and more restless and perturbed. At last, however, one of thoBe lulls occurred, which may happen occasionally at even a professional dinner, and It was then that a resounding voice vi brated through the room, causing the learned brethren assembled thereto, forget for an instant, their . profes,. slonal imperturbability. . Now I am going to tell you all, boomed the voice, "how we akin steers down in Texas!" AU eyes were turned in the direc tion of the perpetrator of this amaz Ids announcement, our friend, ot course, of the bright eyes and bronzed cheekswbo, nothing daunted by their icy stares, proceeded to enlarge upon the technique of his business, that of cattle-breeding, and continued tls uninterrupted monologue until ROBINSON CRUSOE NOW A FELLOW CITIZEN. He Waa Born in Norway, Wn Stafarlng Man and Now Ha Can Vote In Bostsn.'" Judge Dodge, of the United States District Court, was at his desk the other day when William H. Fraser, secretary of the Seamen's Union, and the Rev. Geo&ge L. Small, of the Mar iners' Home, came In, conducting a weather beaten sailor, who wanted to be naturalized, says the Boston Trnn serlpt. The sailor laid his paper be fore the Judge, who glanced at the name, then looked again and then smiled. "Do I understand that your name Is Robinson Crusoe?" said he. "Yes, sir; Robinson Crusoe." Further questioning brought out that he was born In Wardo, Norway, forty-four years ago, and that he Is a mariner, engaged mostly In the coastwise vessels on United States shores. He first came to this country in 1897, landing in New York on the ship Jason, although not the Jason of the Golden Fleece expedition. Crusoe did not know how he got his name, as he had it so long, but ha was called Andorf In Norway. In spector Moore asked him various questions, to which he answered dif fidently. He thought President Roosevelt had been a farmer in the country and that if he died "some body" else would be President. The Judge had to admit the correctness of the reply, and Robinson Crusoe Is now a full fledged citizen of the United States. .. WISE WORDS. Eaten bread Is soon forgotten. Irish. A stingy man Is always poor. Italian. To a depraved taste, sweet is bit ter. Spanish. Blessed Is he who flndoth a true friend. Bible. Let not the shoemaker go beyond his last. Latin. Virtue that parleys Is near a sur render. French. If you cannot drive an ox, drive a donkey. Spanish. The dog has no aversion to a poor family. Chinese. You never know what you can do till you try. Gorman. Every miller draws the water to his own mill. Dutch. A knowledge of the way Is a good part of the Journejv Spanish. A friend's faults should be known but not abhorred. Portuguese. . Fools will always ask what time it Is, but the wise know their time. Italian. Beyond all wealth, honor, or even health is the attachment we form to noble souls, because to become one with the good, generous and true is to become In a measure good, gener ous and true ourselves. Thomas Arnold. sKinning". the dinner was entirely at au end. These legal "Johnnies" might know something about the law, but what ho did not know about cattle was not worth knawlng. When the diners had arrived at that comfortable. Informal period where chairs are pushed back, the eminent Judge who was the guest of the evening turned to his neighbor and said: "I want you to introduce to me that young fellow who has just Imparted to us so much useful information upon the subject of cattle-raising. I should like to congratulate him upon the reproof he has so tactfully admin Istered to us all. "In future, at legal banquctB, I shall certainly do all in ray power to keep the table from talking 'shop,' which is dull enough in all conscience when only lawyers are present; and whep there are outsiders who cannot join In the discussion, it shows a lack of good taste, besides." So the man with the bright eyes and bronzed cheeks became the hero of the evening. ' ' ' A State Colliery, 'owing 'to the rise in the price of coal;-the government of South Aus tralia hays recently concluded nego tiations for the purchase of 2500 acres of land In New South Wales, for the purpose of establishing their own ' mine.., About, eighty acres have been cleared, a dam has been constructed, and preparations are being made for minklng; Tit-Bits. Belgium has been offering reduced rites under certain conditions for trsrvel oa its passengertralna and the chaDgaias resulted in enormously in creased business and revenues. : British capital is to start steel ; foundry a. San Diego, Cel., using ' Erltlsh Columbia ore. , THE FIRST TAXICAB. We are accustomed to regard the taxlrah as an Invention of recent years, but the Idea dutes back more than IGOO years, and originated In China. Professor Giles, of Cam bridge, has discovered In the dynas tic histories of the Celestial Empire n i i-:-' v- V 4' -" ' ' .,'. . - , V - "" V. ..:,' ' '- THIS WAS THE "MEASURE-MILE-DRUM-CARRIAGE" Or" THE CHI NESE SIXTEEN HUNDRED YEARS AGO. full specification of a taxlcab of the year 265 A. D., and the accompany ing photograph shows a model of the chassis made by Professor Hopkln son. This history describes the vehi cle as follows: "The moasure-mlle-drum-earrlage Is drawn by four horBes. In the middle of It there Is a wooden figure of a man holding a drumBtlck toward a drum. At the completion of every '11' (the Chinese mile) tho man strikes a blow on tho drum." Other records, covering the Chinese reigns from A. D. 815 to 98", further discuss the appearance of the "taxi cabs:" "They ore' painted red, with pic tures of flowers and birds on the four sides, and are In two stories, hand somely adorned with carvings. At the completion of every '11' the wood en figure of a man In the lower story strikes a drum, and at the completion of every ten '11' a man in the upper Btory strikes a bell. There Is a pole with a phoenixlike head, and a team of four horses. Formerly the chariot held eighteen soldiers, which number was Increased to thirty by the Em peror T'sl-Tsung." The popularity of this peculiar car riage, even as late as the fourteenth century, is attested by a poem en titled "Ode to a Taxlcab." Harper's Weekly. Animated False Fuce. A novel animated false foce Is the recent Invention of a Pittsburg man. As shown In the illustration below, the mask has openings in the posi tions of the features. In each open ing Is a flexible and extensible bag, NEW CAPITOL TO BE Frank E. Perkins, of No. 1133 Broadway, acting as agent for Law rence H. Grahame, Commissioner of the Interior of Porto Rico, received a cable dispatch from Mr. Grahame say ing the contract r the building of the Porto Rlcan Capitol had been awarded to the Gestera Company, of X 1 San Juan.' The bid was $314,000. The total cost of the Capitol When completed will be $500,000. : The Senate, House pt Representa tives and Supreme Court will. occupy the Capitol. Work will begin at once. Three schooner loads of cement, will be shipped to San Juan from New York for Its construction.' rf ho build ing Is of Greek design, ' Speaking of the constructlpn of the building. Mr. Perkins, who received the ' Atuerican contractors"' bids, Bald." . "The Capitol will be erected with ITF formed to slmulato that featnre. Also within the mask Is a rubber pipe, by which air can be blown Into the 'jags, forcing the features in this v. uy to protrude through the holes In the mask. The effect thus produced by the wearer of tho mask 13 said to be ex i treniely funny. He can at will force the tongue and nose to stick out and the other features to contract or re lax, the rubber hose through which air II supplied connecting with his mouth. In addition, ho cr.n also manipulate the pupils of his eyes. The latter are attached to a string, which Is operated by the hand of the wearer. For RpHPuling Chairs. An Ingenious device by which chairs can be reseated at a fraction of the time formerly required, and by a person of no experlenci In Buch work, has been patented by a Massa- cbusetts man. This Is a form of ad justable clip, which Is so simple that a man with no mechanical ability at all can put a new bottom In a chair in a few minutes, or as long as it will take to hammer four of the clips Into place. These clips consist of pieces of melal bent so as to form an offset, or elbow, and having their holding ends pointed so that they' can be driven Into the bottom frame. The body of the clip has a Blot for the holding screws and a holding nib at the rear end. All that Is necessary Is to screw a clip at each corner of tho scat closo to the edge, place the seat on the bottom frame and drive the pointed ends of the clips Into tho frame. This mukes a firm and strong support. It Is announced that with the re moval of a row of frame buildings not far from Illnnkfrlurs bridge, the last wooden buildings within the metropolitan district of London will shortly disappear. ERECTED IN PORTO RICO. the possibility of earthquake in view. The largo dome In tho centre of the building will be of reinforced con crete, as will, practically, the whole structure. Buildings In Porto Rico must be erected to withstand earth shocks. A slight one was recently felt on the Island. The work of con- i.'-t. 4 1.m structlon wlli begin at once. Only 1300,000 Jias been appropriated by the Porto Rlcan Council to date, but before this session of the body Is over another $100,000 appropriation Is ex pected. Most of the building ma terials will be bought In the United States. Althouch the lowest bid, that of the Gestera Company, of San Juan, is more than the first appropriation, at the direction of the Commissioner of the Interior of Porto Rico certain thlngB may be eliminated, and thus bring the bid down to the $300,000." New York Tribune.