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f Woman's Half Victory in
Pittsburg t The Old and the New ing Show Woman's WNtMW Ey William Hard Jj ' m-Q ODAV, In the stogy Women and only 4ii3 T LY LARGE 'TRl'ST" FACTORIES, IN WHICH 1HL WSl I WORD IN CHEAP, QUICK PRODUCTION HAS 13EEN I SPOKEN. i'HKltE ARE l,Ui'5 WOMEN AND EXACTLY I TEN MEN. . On the one hand Uicre Is the male hand-stogy-maKcr. He Just takes tobacco leaves and, with his own hands, with out th llln nf tnarhlnoi nr ven Of tools (except a knife and a clip), constructs, all by himself, a complete smoke. It took hlin a long time to learn how to do that. On the other hand, the most nearly perfected type of the teaniand-machlae process, which 1( takjng his place, and which makes of his single, complete operation a triple orr v The girl who begins the process Is not a stogy-maker at all. She Is only a "bunch-breaker." With the help of her machine she gives the Inside .filler leaves of the stogy their first outside covering, the 'binder." The second outside covering, the "wrapyer" is still to be put on. Then the half-dressed Uosles, instead of being "shaped" deftly and deli cately by the finKcrtlps 0f a craftsman, are rushed and squeezed Into fort by "molds" and "presses." The finishing touches are put on by a most Ingenious machine called "suction-table. It Is full of litle holes through which currents of air, sucked downward, straighten out the tobacco leaf, and hold It taut and fiat while a die. descending, cuts It Into exactly the right size. The "suction-table" (Mr. Ruskln would have called It a vampire) sucks the last few drop of blood from, the art and craft of stogy-making. The girl at the "suction-table" takea the piece of tobacco designed for her by the machine and "rolls" it around the half-flnlshed stogy, giving It Its "wrapper" and thus completing it. TWO GIRLS AND THREE MACHINES HAVE NOW DONE WHAT ONE MAN DID BEFORE. THEY HAVEN'T DONE IT SO WELL, BUT THEY HAVE DONE IT FASTER AND CHEAPER. And there you have a little social revolution happening before your eyes. Women have driven men Into a corner In the stogy trade In Pittsburg and they have done l through their natural affinity wwh the most modern, the most mechanical and automatic, the most simplified and cheapened factory processes. Of the 468 men In the stogy factories of Pittsburg, 168 are still complete hand-stosyrnakers. Of the 2.211 women In the sogy factories of Pittsburg, only twelve have become hand-stogy-makers and they make Italian stogies, which are held together along the side with paste and have no finish at either end. The victory in Pittsburg, therefore, has been only a partial victory. Woman has got Into Industry, but not by excelling, or equalling, man's tech nique. Everybody's. Better Field Ev Mme. Cross Mewhouse, Founder of the AM not thoroughly convinced that the women ol the East are vet renriv fnr tho hallnf Tho West la mors SfSresSlVe thSJl IS the East, and its women with their ballot Is the greatest i proof of that statement, In every other sense of the term "equal rights" I am a firm believer In it. Women should have, as they do have, equal opportunity In professional, business and Intellectual life with men. They are advancing along all these llnef and are abreast of men. In art utid In ethics I believe women are 1 In the vanguard, but I cannot see that at the present time New York women are ready for the ballot. Their day will come, but It must not come too rapidly. Political education and economics are matters th,at have taken years for men to grasp in their highest meanings, and the woman vots to become a power must be an intelligent, carefully considered asset to the common good. At the present time I believe a matter far more Important to women as class than the getting of the ballot is her active and sympathetic work with the wage-earning woman and the women whose limited means makes It neces sary for them to battle for subsistence In the lowliest walks of life. The wo man of leisure Vho wants to make her life count should reach her hand out, and not down, to these women. She should Interest herself in bettering the conditions and environments of those women. She should asBUt them to get better beds, freer air and more material comfort for themselves and the children depending upon them. Greater than the ballot will the Influence of such women be In this great Empire State. The ballot will come, but women must first be prepared to meet the great responsibilities incumbent upon the voter. 'Reflections of a Bachelor Girl Ey Helen MAN'S shoulders are padded. You'd think every i yf I critical way In which he sizes up the women. W I Men Bay tDey tale an'tDtn8 Ioud about a woman; Jt IV w I mu8t De disgust that makes them always turn around to stare after a peroxide The saddest sight sew on a button with a blunt needle and a piece of string. There are some men who, before marriage, will risk their lives to pick up your parasol from in front of a whizzing automobile who wouldn't get off the sofa after marriage to pick up anything you might drop, from a bint to the baby. A husband gets so used to bis wife's conversation that after a while It doesn't Interrupt his reading of the newspaper any more than the punklng in the steam pipes. Of course men admire a circumspect woman above all things, but they seldom invite her out to supper. Nothing bores a mnn worse than the devotion of the girl before the last Love .letters lead to all sorts of complications, but post cards tell no tales. New York Evening World. A Philanthropist. "James,"' protested the father, "what do you mean by' boring holes into that big tree?" "Father, I'm a benefactor," said the boy, giving his auger a few more vicious turns, "I'm making knot holes in baseball' fences for poor boys." Puck, i 1 . Two years Is the life of the aver age spider. Process in Stogy Mak Place in Industry I factories of 1'lttsburg, there aie men. AND IN THREE PARTICULAR- Than Politics I Beaux Jlrts Club .wl1yt3 Rowland not always as broad as they're man waa a beautv show from h blonde. on earth Is an old bachelor trying to Punished. Mrs. Greene "I hear young Jones has married?" Mr. Browne "Good! I never did like that man." The Independent. In the last 11 years, according to officially reported returns, the city of Leeds, England, has earned a profit or $j,60u,OuO form Its municipality, owned tramways, water works, gas works and electric II t tit plant. f THE HAT OF DY IVIE HERSTET. a I pointed to a gray wisp of ma terial, soft and filmy, that lay on ber bed. "What Is that?" I questioned. She was before the looking glass rolling her hair Into little shining curls with deft fingers. "That," she said, "Is my new dress." "Your what?" I said ungrammatic ally. But Daphne knows when I want to be sarcastic, and she did not answer; Instead she turned and looked lovingly at the gray wisp. "There' Is not much of it," I re aiarked, "so I suppose It was not ex pensive?" "Mme. Esme charges more for that very reason," she said; "ycu see, It kss got to look lesM than It really is." "Logically, you are talking non sense, dear," I said gently, "but never mind. You have got a new muff, I see, as well, naughty child, that was very extravagant of you." Daphne had not been taking much otice. I am merely her elder sis ter, and only useful in emergencies, but now she turned round quickly and regarded me with scorn. "Muff," she said. "What do you mean?" I pointed dramatically to a large ermine blob that lay upon a chair la a nest of tissue paper. It was very large,' and shaped something like a Busby, or a cross between a Turkish fes and a Cossack's wbat-you-may-all. Daphne smiled charmingly; her smile Is proverbial. "That's my'new hat; Isn't it love ly?" "Hat?" I said. "Don't be absurd, Elizabeth; of course, It's a hat the newest, new estest hat from Mme. Esme's. I'm going to wear it to-morrow at the Bazaar with my gray costume. It suits me a ravlr, madame says; there was only one other like it in her "shop." "Has mother seen It?" I asked. A shade passed over Daphne's face, a little shadow of trouble. "N no, mother hasn't exactly seen It, I told her I had bought a toque, for she said It was so nice of. the Duchess to ask us to help her at the Bazaar; that I ought to have some thing nice and quiet to go In, because the Duchess Is well known for her philanthropy, and is sure to dress plainly." "But it Isn't a toque, dear," I said. "Madame called It a Russtofez turke, so that is near enough; be sides,, -It's, sweet,- and' I love- it,"- s'te said, and crooned over-the absurd thing. On the morning of the day we had been calling the "Bazaar Day" for the last week I went into Daphne's bedroom to borrow some hairpins. I found her lying at full length on her bed bathed In the most heartbreaking tears, her pretty balr was all rough and untidy at least, all I could see of It. "Whatever Is the matter, Daphne?" I Inquired in a resigned voice. "My hat," sobbed Daphne. I leaned over the foot of the bed with a sigh. What about It?" I questioned. "Mother's seen It! " "I thought so," I commented sage ly; "tell me about It." Only sobs came from the mass of fair hair and crumpled white muslin and blue ribbons on the bed. "Look here," I said, "your eyes will be awful red for the afternoon If you don't stop crying, and you'll look simply hideous." My strategy suc ceeded. Daphne sat up at once. Her cheeks were very pink, and her eyes full of tears. But the lids were neither red nor swollen, "I I took it down and showed it to mother, and she asked asked what on earth It was. I said it was a hat, and she said, 'Stuff and. non sense! you look like like a Carlb bee Islander!' " "Daphne!" I cried, and I'm afraid I laughed. She dabbed her eyes with a crumpled lace handkerchief. "I said I didn't care I would go In It. I said It was smart, and pretty, and French so It Is." "Mme. Esme will change It," I sug gested. Daphne's eyes opened wide with horror. "Change It! Elizabeth you heart less, cruel thing how can you?" "Well, mother will never let you wear it. What else did she say?" Dauhne slipped from the bed and stood facing me defiantly. f "She said if I wore it the Duchess would , think I was a (third-rate actress, but If I went neatly dressed oh, how awful that sounds!" she turned her pretty eyes up to the cell ing "I should make a good Impres sion, and would probably be asked to stay at The Towers. She said that If I Wore the hat I should be ruining my chances of the Duchess taking us Up. Do you know, Elizabeth, I think mother Is a 'real worldly woman." "And what did you say?" I asked. frM t was rather cheeky she Mid. penitently. "I said I wished I fcad bought the fifteen guinea hat. because it was much bigger and much more elaborate than the ten guinea one, and if I bad bought It I should have worn It: I said I didn't see why. because a silly old Duchess chooses to dress like a charwoman, that I, who do know how to put my clothes on, should appear In a black cape and elastic side-boots." "Then there's nothing more to be said," I remarked as I went out. I knew that Daphne's naughtiness would bring on one of mother's ner vous headaches. If ever we do any thing she doesn't approve she always Indulges In one I say "Indulges" be cause generally we do what she wants If we see signs of one coming on, and deep in my innermost heart I think they are used as a mild form of birch now we are grown up. But the afternoon of the Bazaar Daphne was really very heartless. I was sitting beside mother's couch in ths darkened drawing room bathing her aching brow with eau de cologne rags for I could not go to the Bazaar and leave her when the door opened and Daphne entered. She wore her gray wisp, a slender, deli cate gown, which fitted her tightly, and fell in wonderful folds about her hips; her lovely face, with its sea blue eyes ttnd -crimson mouth, was just rose flushed with excitement, and on the sunshine of her fair hair the bat was poised.' "Goodby," she said, "and take great care of Xnummle, Elizabeth," Then the door closed softly, and she was gone. "We are utterly ruined," groaned mother. "Oh, If only I had obedi ent daughters; Daphne Is really too trying! And Mrs. Howard Jones will be there, dressed in a nurse's uni form, which Is sure to appeal to ths Duchess at once. Oh dear, why did n't Daphne wear her black serge and a quiet hat!" "But Daphne Is quite charming," I tald, wringing out another rag and placing it on the burning forehead, "and perhaps the Duchess will take a fancy to her." "My dear," said mother, "do you know that Her Grace has founded twelve cots, and is president of a Girls' Tract Society, and ever so many more things she has two grown-up sons," she added thought fully. "If they are at the Bazaar it'll be all right," I said at once. Mother sighed despairingly "Oh, men always admire her; it wouldn't matter If she wore a sack as far as they are concerned, but the Duchess that Is quite another matter." It must have been several hours later when a taxi buzzed up to the door, and a soft rustle with a fra grance of white violets announced Daphne's home coming. She flung the drawing room door open and tossed a great bouquet of pale pink roses ou to a chair; then she opened her arms with a dramatic gesture and said; "It is well." "Good havens, child, are you mad?" cried mother. "How did It go off? No don't tell me, I'm sure it was dreadful," and she stopped up her ears. Daphne ran forward and knelt by the sofa; she took her moth er's hands determinedly in her own soft ones. "Now listen," she said, "while I preach a little sermon. Ah, how much wiser our dear, kind, silly mothers would be if they would leave everything in the hands of their worldly, designing daughters." "Oh, don't keep us tn suspense," almost shrieked poor mother; "tell us the worst." "Well," said Daphne, "to begin I confessed I could not make a red fianel jacket to save my life. The Duchess said she was so glad, be cause Bbe couldn't either; she said she couldn't thread needles. We talked about bridge, aud the Duchess asked me who made my gown. She said I was a dear, and would you let me go anC-stay with her for the shooting?" Daphne grew reminis cent. "Her son. Lord McLean, was there; he Is rather a nice boy," she said musingly. "Eut Daphne, we thought" I broke in; she motioned me to si lence. "Tho Duchess and he and I had tea together In a Jolly little tent, and we laughed at all the funny philan thropic people. I told them about Mr;. Howard Jones, and the Duchess asked her to what hospital she be longed. You should have seen her face! Daphne went off into rlples of laughter. "Explain, explain! " I cried. "You know that other hat at Mme. Esme's, the fifteen guinea one that I wanted?" "Yes yes!" Daphne's eyes were downcast and her maner demure. "The Duchess had it on," she said. The Throne and Country. ! A ltequest. A parent who evidently dlsap approves ' of corporal punishment wrote the teacher: "Dear Miss Don't hit our John nie. We never do it at home except in self-defense." Sacred Heart Review. 1,1MB FOR BEETLES. Flea-ksetles have la recent yea been very destructive to young c&. bage, radish and turnip pjants. To bacco dust, applied freely, will usual. Jy drive ths pest away. Plaster flavl ered with Paris green, or slug-shot, will also help In most cases. Llm freely appHed will dispose ot th radish, cas'sag and onion maggot. CARE OF THE CHBRRT. The cherry needs, but little prun. Ing, and Is, In fact, easily injured by cutting the main limbs. Such work as is generally needed sliould be eon. tned to thinning the trait spurs i the top ot ths trees ana the ketilni f the centre o'pn. The outside llabi will droop more or less and this chows that the trunk seeds ihtia. The finest cherries are asually grews n these under limbs la the deepest shade and proves- that while the cherry delights In a warm soli m sunny slops It has a way of its ow ot protecting the fruit and does not require pruning 11k the pes.cn ao4 apple. Farmers' Home Journal, GOOSEBERRY BUSHES. Keep an eye on th currant and gooseberry bushes. After th first new leaves come, examlns th bushes daily; and the moment yo see currant worm, get busy. The sim plest, best rmdy is a solution ot one ounce ot fresh white hellebore Is three gallons of water, sprinkled or sprayed oa th bushes when th first worms appear. Delay means disas ter, for ths ravtnoss worms, left unmolested a few days, will strip a bush of all its follag. and lh j. what avail Is ratmt? A secou? brood ot th worms sometimes p- pears, which nealtat a second dose ot poison. Farmers'- Horn Journal. BUTTER FAT SUBSTITUTES. At th Nebraska station tests have been mad to dtrmln whether or cot corn oil could be substituted tor the fat removed in skimming th milk, but unsatisfactory results wer secured. It Is always well to teach the call to eat bay and grain as soon as posil- , ble. With the dairy calf this grain Tnfttur should consist ot equal parts of cornmeal, wheat bran and Unseed raesl. The salt shoal 1 sot be per mitted to become fat, btt should b maintained tn a thrifty, growing con dition. A handful of th mlxtor laced In. th feed trough before th calf will soon get ft In the habit of lbbllng at th grain and from then ou It will tat more and .more each day. Weekly Witness. HOW TO 60W B KAN'S. Everyon wants snaps, but most farmers content themselves with on, planting. . Th Refugee bean Is best for early planting, as It la a little more hardy than other. Later, plant Valentls. Plant just anough tor temporary supply, and as soon ts these ar well up, plant .more and keep this up till September. Then, If you have a lot of green pods when frost threatens, gather them and put them In ston Jars In strong brine, and you can sake them out sll win ter and soak over night In fresh wster and they ar just as good next day as fresh ones, and you oan hare them all winter. Plant Lkna bean Ip rows like snaps and gather the green beans as fast as ready. Do not let them ripes for they will stop bearing, but it regularly gathered as fast as ready, they will bear all summer. Any sur plus ot green beans can b dried tor winter use and will be better than ripe ones. Farmers' lom JounaL A PLEA FOR THE LAWN. How much mor attractive the country homes would appear it would see that the grass be kept mowed closely with th$ lawnpwer, not once or twice during the summer,, but quite frequently! say every week or two. Country people are usutllf very busy throughout the summer and fall months, but It a little special effort Were made each and every one t us could soon get our lawns in such condition that thy would not require a great amount of time or labor to keep them green and velvety. But the grass should be mowed fre quently; If not the weeds grow rapid ly, and eventually kill it out. The Well-kept lawn, with It" smooth green sod, a flower bed ot two In some pretty design U.at meets the fancy, a few climbing vfnes, som roses, lilacs and other -shrubs make even the most homely and unpreten tious abode take on an allurement and attractiveness that the fines' architecture cannot Rive. There Is everything In envlron- ' ment, and we owe It to ourselves a'"3 to our children to surround the hom ,with all that ts good ami true a': l beautiful; and when we do, our 1'v"f will be made much brlcbier'anJ I'-"" pier thereby. EIie Ked T-k, in t-1' In .'It it, Fpi Ui';r.