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As Applied in the South. riTotcs of Intel est to Planter, Fruit Grower and Stockman How to Diversify. The value to the farmers of the Gulf States, of the cronB which are profitable other than cotton, to-wit, vane and corn, b.13 not attracted cs much attention as In all probability It would have done if the one-crop question had not gained such ground with the agricultural classes in gen oral. No community, State or country can long remain prosperous that de' pends almost solely. It not entirely upon one crop for Its money support The chief crop of the South and upon which nearly the whole business of the country, banking included. Is based on Is not sufficient, no matter how many bales of the fleecy staple we stack up year after year, nor the price It fetches when marketed, to feed, clothe and do the general busi ness of the land, that Is, If progress is expected to follow. For this rea son. If no other.i I contend that the time has come that business demands that the farmers be encouraged to plant and grow at home more meats, milk and butter, vegetables of most sorts, fruits, poultry and eggs. Thus to become as near as possible self sustnlnlng and more Independent than the great majority find themselves to-day. The farmer, or a farm district, can to-day purchase a canning factory outfit from (5 up to $500, or more for that matter, set tie factory up on the farm and do his or his neighbors' pear3, peaches, tomatoes, beans, peas, corn in a word all vegetables grown ! for canning purposes, at a cost much less than the same goods can be pur chased from the store. Again, permit me to ask why pur chase canned sauerkraut or pickles of any sort when the same B3 goad, If not better, can with care be made on the farm and pit up in the home cannery? When we look at the matter, al most everything we eat comes to us from the North and West potatoes, cabbage, beans, peas, corn (canned and not canned), meats, fruits, butter and cheese. In fact, nearly every thing, 'Including glucose syrup, and that, too, In our sunny land, where the Juicy sugar cane grows; why not make our own pure syrup, If nothing else to help the home cause to that extent, if no more? I would suggest planting as a starter, one-fourth an acre of Mayo beans, known as South Carolina beans. Of course, no one here is ex pected to compete with the Sunset State bean raising, where from 100 to 200 acre fields are planted solid to beans and raised under irrigation. Yet, these, the Mayo bean, will thrive and do well in our soil and cli mate, and they are worth retail on the market eight and ten cents per pound. The bean straw makes a fair article of hay and goes into beef, milk and butter for the home and the . market. The peanut is profitable to grow, from the fact that the Pluder usually sells well and the vines when properly gathered and cured make an Al qual ity of hay. The home cannery has been tried successfully In the Sugartown district in Calcasieu parish, where there are dozens of small canneries ranging In cost from $10 to $500. The Sugar town home canneries have been suc cessful and they are on the increase. They can both fruits and vegetables snd nearly every Sugartown tarnier has one. ? In the rice belt, where enormous Quantities of canned goods are con sumed, the home cannery could be used to advantage. The owner of a home cannery would never be at a loss to find a market for his surplus. Eiinkle Correspondent, Eaton Rouge State-Times. rinnt to I'tllize the Idle Lands. Idle lands, like idle people, are seldom benefited by their Idleness. At least, it is certain that land may be Improved faster by growing some useful crop every year than by lying Idle, part, or all, of the time. More over, we have thousands of acres that, hecause of insufficient drainage or lack of fertility, are not yielding profitable crops, and thousands of other acres yielding absolutly noth ing. These lands represent an in vestment and must pay t&exs, there fore by yielding nothing, they con sume some of the profits of the culti vated land. This land should bring its owner some aevehue. That which will yield a fair profit In the growth of timber should be given sufficient attention and protection from fires to enable us to profit on our investment. There ar? thousands dl acres of fertile land 1hat have .been turned out aft d al lowed to grow up to brush and weeds that with a little attention could be made to produce good profits in tu Method lit growth of grasses for pasture or hay. These lands are along creeks and rivers and have not paid In cultivated crops because of overflows or lack of drainage. They would, however, produce good grass and save us from buying forage or from sending to the North for hay. Let us plan to utilize them. We need the forage or graz ing which they will produce. Again, there are large areas of up lands that have been turned out be cause of soil depletion. These lands would yield a handsome profit on their value and the expense of ryitting them in condition for grazing cattle and other live stock. - Not only Is this so, bt In ,fl few years If the brush and briers are kept down they will be in condition to again yield profita ble cultivated crois. I'oultry Notes mid Comments. A "sitting room" for hens Is quite necessary. An open front to the south, screened by one-inch poultry wire, is best. If hens are peaceable nest boxes may be placed around on the ground, and when a hen becomes broody remove her at r'usk to a nest; gently place her on It with a nest egg under her, and ft she seems a little restless spread burlap over her till next evening. If she Is contented sec ond morning place eggs under her. "The pullet is mother of the hen," so it is well to select the chicks which show sex earliest, and mark them for breeders, then watch which of these pullets begin to lay first, and which of tne male8 begln to develop spurs first. Note the best layers, as pul lets, and the proudest, most active cockerels, and you have selected the best for your breeders for the next season. Band them as selected. Se lection must also be made with re gard to standard requirements, if breeding exhibition fowls. To insure large quantities of eggs in fall and early winter raise a large crop of pullets. It is only the early hatched chicks it pays to market as fryers, hence get a breed of good winter layers. Pullets hatched rea sonably early begin to lay long be fore tht moulted hen, and keep it up all winter. For this reason we pre fer our winter layers to be pullets and our breeders yearling hens, and breeders which become broody most often are 6aved for the next year's sitters. Pullets to be used for breed ers 6hould have laid out one litter of eggs before being mated Mrs, J. C. Deaton, Id the Progressive Farmer. Southern Soils Examined, Dr. A. J. Bonsteel, of the Bureau of Soils, Department of Agriculture, has Just returned to Washington from an extended tour of the South, which was for the purpose of investigating the adaptability of different types of soils for certain kinds of crops, espe cially winter and early spring vegeta bles. Dr. Bonsteel 13 enthusiastic over the results of his trip and Is pre paring a special report. Dr. Bonsteel visited Georgia, Mis sissippi and Alabama, and says ho is more enthusiastic than ever over the possibilities for developing the un used agricultural lands of the South, not merely for the production of staple crops with good average re turns per acre, but also with regard to the development of special Indus tries where from the production of fruits, nuts, garden vegetables and tobacco the soils may be made to ag gregate from $300 to $2000 per acre under extensive forms -of cultivation. "In Alabama," said Dr. Bonsteel, "four soil survey parties are at pres ent engaged and surveys are in pro gress in Tallapoosa, Coffee, Baldwin and Hale Counties. The work In at least three of these counties will be completed In July or early in August, and additional work will then be taken up in the north-central portion of the State. The soil surveys thus far completed In the State of Alabama have shown a wonderful diversity In the soils and the surveys are laying the foundation for an agricultural development ' in the State which In due" time will be no less marked than the Industrial development of the coal and Iron fields in North-Central Ala bama." Farmers' Home Journal. Ashamed of Gullies. In going about among the farmers It is gratifying to find an increasing number who are ashamed of gullies a gully always being a public notice that a poor farmer has been handling the land. On many farms we find the rocks tbrbwn.lnto little dams in the washes, and this will do much to stop the land-waste; and ax tenant on the writer's home farm has won our ap proval by piling the corn Btalks wher ever a wash has started. This Is a vastly better plan of handling stalks than burning tbem and wasting their fertility, frofessor Massey. Pll.rji.1t3 THAT ARE POPULAR. Revival of Old fashion Right Place for Scont Pcheti. In the mllst of uo many present ctay fashions copied from those of a uii'Jied years m:o It is scarcely sur pi lying that the habit of using scent In prolusion should be numbered. IIo.v they saturated themselves with sweet waters in thosa old, old nayd.' Wc rctd of a very orgy of per fume in the time of Catherine ce . 1 c ci ! and learn that the men then H-cit ..j prone to its use in profusion as were the women. Vi.i: r,:;at king perfumed himself with amber from l ad to foot, and ev ery article of attire was scented. The great Napoleon used floods of cau lie cologne every morning, and the Empress Josephine filled her ilrosing room with musk lu all sorts of fOIlilS. Tcday it is the scene fountain and the vaporizer that are In great re quest. With the vaporizer the lady's maid scents her mlstreBs before she leaves her home in the morning and alter she has take the perfumed bath. The excessive use of sachets at tached to the costume Is becoming les3 modish than It was; there must only be un atmosphere, a mere sug gestion cf scent, instead cf a definite arctna about the clothes. In order to perfume them the wardrobe has its long flat sachet of scented powder to fit each shelf. When the boots and shoes are put away little sachets are introduced into them; the lace and ribbon drawer has Its sachet also, and the only ones that need be worn by day are sewn into the corset and Into the dainty cap of muslin and lace in which tb3 belle takes her early cup of tea or her basin of bread and milk the last thing at night. When the hair Is washed it Is pleasant to use a scent that shall help to perfume the tresses, a per missible way of perfuming the person allowed under the regime of modem taste. " The hairdressers of Paris are now using eucalytpus leaves steeped In boiling water for the shampoo used lor their customers' hair, and find that It makes the hair glossy as well as fragrant. Every day seems to Introduce new and coquettish developments of the scene craze. A famous perfumer of lingerie tempts ber customers with handkerchiefs, motor veils, shoulder scarfs and lingerie threaded with rib bons the color of the scent that is her customers' choice. Supposing the favorite violet per fume be associated with the ele gante, her lingerie is threaded with violet ribbons, and she wears violet handkerchiefs, violet motor scarfs and other violet fal-lals. tr rose is preferred, it Is a rose powder that Is suplied, and to carry the idea to its utmost limit all the decorations of the belle's dressing room will be in shades of pink, while the pretty little lace boxes, gem cab inets and all her toilet table fittings repeat her choice in brocade, crystal and china. Her writing table is of course sup plied with perfumed leather, and she scents her stationery in order that It may be impressed with her personal ity as made manifest by her use of one particular perfume. It is a charm- lng idea in daintiness. London Daily Mall. Boy's Fight With an Owl. i-ee Hartley, 16 years old, and a hooded owl that was the largest ever seen In this county fought a' battle to the death this afternoon and the boy won. Armed with a .22 calibre rifle, Bart ley and several companions return lng from school sighted the huge owl In a tree near his home. Taking aim, he fired and down came the owl. The lad picked up the supposedly dead bird, which with a lightning movement sank its claws deep into .Bartley's shoulders. Covered with blood spurt ingfl in streams, the youth managed to clutch the bird by the neck and at tempted to strangle It, but the owl, releasing Its razor edged claws, slashed Its combatant with terrible effect. Finally the lad, weakened with from loss of blood, hurled himself postrate, crushing the bird Into the earth. As the victor staggered away sev eral pedestrians reached the scent and he fainted In their arms. An ex amlnatlon showed that twenty-twc cuts, ranging from half an inch tc two inches in length were Inflicted on the youth's body. Menominee cor respondence Detrlot News. Another Paean. "My!" exelUmed the sparrow, , " never was so glad to Bee warm weath er before as I was this year. So few people in my neighborhood sowed grasi seed Inst winter that 1 almost starved to death." Kansas City Times. ' The Vnlted Statesih 1907 produced 139,810 short tons of talc and . soap Stone,, worth $1,531,047, an increase over the preceding y-ar of 3,9 per cent In quantity and, 7 percent lu vat ue. TABLE D'HOTE ECONOMY. Chlcaaoan Escapes Part of the TX en Thoae Who Care Not for. Wine. The man frcm ChlcrRo. convoying a party of five women relatives about New York, dropped into a restauran: for dinner. They wmted the tablu d'hote dinner, which was advertised at $1 with wine and $125 without wine. This variation In price didn't dense the man from Chicago, flu himself was on 'the water wagoa ani he knew that none of the wemea foilt wanted wine. Naturally he objeetjl to paying any $1.59 extra for a nega tive quantity. iueu m yina vnii.e 10 mm m bji'j cheapest Dottle of wine on it a c'ar et at $1. The waltor brought thu wine, opened it and was told he needn't serve It. The Chicago man gavel CO cents on the dinner and the waiter was In h bottle of wine. There was some talk of taking the wine away with thorn 'but toe waiter's longing look at U prevailed. New York Sun. A Pension Horse. A faithful Government servant has been recognized and rewarded by Orrxsby McHarg, Assistant S?rre!ary of Commerce and Labor. This ser vant Is an old horse named Calc1), which for twenty-four years has do voted his energies to pulling a wag-.)n belonging to ithe United Seates fish commission at Green Bav, Mt. Ia?t week, after a serious' afack of boll3, he showed his Inability to serve the uovernment any fitrtber by lying In hla'stall and refusing to te harness ed. The officers at Green Eav, knowing thait the animal's davs of usefulness were ove, reported the fact 13 the Department of Commerce pnd Labor and asked for a new horse, also ex pressing the Intention of kl'.lln? Caleb. This report fell under the eyes of Secretary McHarg, and he immediately Issued an order that the faithful animal be plac ed In the pasture until he had : natural death. This Is one cf the few cases on record in wblch a horse had been placed on the Government' pension rolls. Chicago Tribune. Pastor Acts as Minstrel, The Rev. Louis J. Richards, pa3tor of the Church ofthe Messiah, Univer sal! st, appeared at Fort Plain, N. Y., as Interlocutor in a local talent mln- j strel show. The performance wa9 fc: j the benefit of his church and was at tended by a large audience As n j middle mutt Pastor Richards was a brilliant uccess. To add to the od dity of the occasion and Indicating the breaking down of bigotry bar-, riers John J. Galvln, editor of a lo cal newspaper and one of the fore most Catholics In this region, was one of the end men. Mr. Richard Is a young and pro gressive pastor of liberal Ideas and plans whioh he fearlessly executes. He Is a Texan, and when a theologi cal student won highest honors for oratorr In that State. His appear ance In a minstrel show caused much shaking of heads and quivering of chins among the staid and conserva tive Mohawk Dutch of the valley. Germany has spent $150,000,000 In the last twenty years in the develop ment and Improvement of inland wa terways. As a result the empire has now 8,278 miles of navigable streams and canals. Charms Children Bslig'fot T ,---f-rFr-w,r m ii m y Ft " ':-'i-v-i YHE PENGUIN'S WINGS After New Feather, start oinA Retained as Protection ABln t Ornitbologloai puzzle, are . 1 gukis. with their curiously wings and odd unbirdllks , carriage. The peculiarities JTf wings suggest that the penguin, descendants of birds which used ty 7 wings rather than legs n y, U"L' suit of prey under water, un ..p.? struggle Intensified between th. . petlng Individuals the m:9t this sort of swimming would IM Ptost food and ouBt their ls, w ' ' lul rivals, The winners gained if vnntare over Ahplr tioinst.... . c' , -tinn fholr vim,. i ---- - --tn in iir-v vernal. of necessity became less suited t In all other Mr,! h . fcu ieatn-. though shed annually are more " ess gradually displaced; but in tbs penguins the new feathers all th into being at the same time m thrust out the old feathers upon their tips, so that these come away i, great flakes. Whereas la all birds Bave penguins the new feathers m they thrust 'their way "through tt, skin end In pencil-like points, formed by Investing sheaths, In the penmim ! ! lnese neains are open at the tin and atta-ched by 'their rims to t roots of the old feathers, and bencn these are held to their successors an. 11 these lave fcttflfhed a sufficient length to insure protection against cold. This curious device for retalnlnj the warmth afforded by the old feath ers until the new generation can tl!l their places Is apparently due to tlij fact that penguins are naives of tho antarctic regions, at hough some now Inhabit the tropical sea. "CMcap Trlbuna. Future of Aviation. Very different aro tha views helj ! Iby prominent aviators as to what to sltlon the science of mechanical fllgvt. will have attained five years hence. In the opinion of Captain Ferber, who Is one of the keenest ploneerj of aviation la France, the aeroplane will at that time be able to carrr four or five people with wee, and there will be a regular service of ma chines between Dover and Calais, ai well ae between . other porta where the distance is not of great length. Closed accommodation will be pro- ! vlded on board these machines, which are to be of such, a size that their use will 'he debarred where iit space is limited. Other opinions are much less hopeful as regards the com mercial aide of the aeroplane's pc slbllltles, tmd, according to Mr. Mau rice Farm an, the flying machine will for a long time to ocme be reserved for the use of the Intrepid sports men. The Corote de Castlllon 46 Salnt-Vlotor likewise thinks that the carrying capacity of the aeroplane will always be Mm I ted, but its peed will increase. New York American. A String- to It. "I was walking along State street. V Chicago (the windy city), when a sud den gust relieved me of my straw j hat. I turned, gave chase, and after a lengthy run at full speed pounced upon It At the same moment a stranger (also perspiring and almoit breathless) took it from me and thknked m-e kindly. 'But lt'a my hat,' said I. 'No,' said he, 'yours i hans lng down your back on a string.' "- i-ondon Globe. Old Follls asfies k The crisp, deliciou. golden-brown food, made of Indian Corn A tempting, teasing taste distinctly differ ent all. it't own, "The Ttsta Lirtr,, Sold bj C rotor. V Popular pkt; 10c. Large Family size, I5e- Poatum Cereal Co., tt'i-. Batth Cr.!. Kith. 'A th St ' re . i) ! f. i i I ' ; ; ii i ! ; !