Newspaper Page Text
PRACTICAL ADVICE ABOUT .
DIVERSIFIED FARMING ; Farming i a limine-. It always riles ns a little when we lar folk talking of the farmer and the "business man" In contra-dis-ticctlon to each other as If the farmer was not as much a business 'tnan as a merchant or manufacturer or banker, ny the editor of Pro gresaive Farmer. Now, we know there are some farmers, so-called, who are not busijes men: but these scarcely deserve to be called "farm ers," either; "croppers" would be a more fitting designation. Farming is a business, and to be made profitable must be gone at In a business way. Tfce farmer whose only aim It Is to see bow much land he can cultivate or bow many bales of cotton he can raise. Is not likely to make hi3 farming permanently profUaMe. The good farmer's first consideration In any line of tls work Is the profit he is goir.g to get ou: of It; and he dot not count profits until he has paid for the labor expended la the growlr.g and marketing of the crop, the interest on the money In vested In It, the wear of the tools used In 1:3 making, ar.d the plant food taken from the soil by it. Many farm ers have no idea of how much any of th?e things amount to, and conse quently no Intelligent idea of the cost cf their crops. They have no way of comparing with any accuracy the profits from one crop with those of another, and too often they have no Idea of how to adjust the different branches of farm work to each other so as to get the most out of each. The result is that they go along In a haphazard manner without any defi nite plans or any real understanding of tho work in which they are en gaged. Business farming means business like methods; it means that the farm er must be able to tell with some de gree of certainty what his cotton crop paid him, and his corn crop, and his pea crop; it means that he must have some means of judging with a fair degree of accuracy as to how he can feed his stock most economically; it means that he must have some assur ance at the end of the year as to whether his farm Is more or less fer tile than at the beginning. These things are not too difficult for the average farmer to learn. As we say on another page, three or four hours' honest study will give any reader a fair conception of the under lying principles of stock feeding. To master all the details will require years of study; but one good hour of real, concentrated, determined thought would enable thousands of farmers to save many dollars each year on the feeding of their stock. It Is the farmer who devotes this thought to his work, too, who Is go ing to win at It. The man who studies his farming operations just as he used to study a problem In arithmetic when he went to school Is the man who will put his farm on business basis. It is not enough to think about how long It Is going to take to plow a field, and how much seed it will take to plant It. There should be a definite reason for the crop thut goes on the field, a well thought out selection of seeds and fertilizer, a rationally planned system of cultivation and harvesting. In short, until the farmer is able to calculate with something like ac- ; curacy, not only the cost of the crop and the returns from it, but also Its effects upon his other crops and other lines of work, there is strong reason for thinking tha; he needs, first and most of all, to put his mind as well as his muscles to work. Thought pays better than mere lard physical labor, and the greatest profits come to the farmer who works Ills hands in harmony with his head. Folly of Mixing Things. One of the greatest faults of farm ers and gardeners of the South Is the lack of care in keeping varieties pure. 1 went into a man's cotton field and asked him what sort of cotton he planted. "King," said he, and yet on going through the field I estimated that there was about one-third of typical King plants and the remain der consisted of long-limbed, blg bolled cotton of various types. Doubtless he had had King cotton In the start, but had been simply sav ing his seed from the gin, and now had it badly mixed with what a seed grower would call "rogues." - I asked another man what sort of corn be planted. "White corn," said lie, seeming to think that white corn was merely white corn because It was not yellow. But on looking at bis corn I found that he had dent corn on white cobs, dent corn on red cobs, gourd seed corn and Intermediate orts In general mixture. 1 Then many farmers have a passion for crossing live stock end want to cross the Jerseys and the beef types, or In some way cross one pure stock on another. The result Is, that the Inheritance on both sides is broken UP and the result Is a nondescript animal, that would breed in one di-. rectlon as readily as another, an ani mal lacking tha prepotency of either breed, a mixed, animal merely. The same rule Is good with the barnyard fowls. People often start out with a single breed of fowls, and then they find that a neitghbor has another breed that Is beating theirs la eggs or In flesh, and they think that some of that stock would help theirs, till finally instead of pure bloods they have a lot of mongrels of all sorts and colors and characters. Carelessness Is at the bottom of the whole business of mixing seed and stock, and the thoughtful firmer will avoid such mixtures. W. F. Massey. M.0O0.0OO More For North Carolina Farmers. Suppose we increase the yield not by SCO pounds of sed cotton to the acre, but by Just 109 pounds, as we should be able to do with well-bred varieties, even on average land with average treatment; this would mean an increase of 13.333,000 a year j clear profit to the farmers of North j Carolina. And this is what is com- i ing about. One breeder of ImproTed j teed started last season with 6009 ! bushels for sale, and the farmers bought all but fifty bushels for plant- . in? purposes Our farmers are learning, too, that money can be made growing other crops than cotton or tobacco. A clear profit of $2500 a year on the farm la the South Is as good as a IflOOO sal- ary in New York City, and far more easily made. Not only has the South a monopoly of cotton and of many types of tobacco, but the farmer here can get so much higher prices for alt kinds of live stock and dairy products, bay and corn, that a Buckeye farmer who recently visited North Carolina (and will probably move here later) spoke of the matter to me with some amazement. The average size of farms in this State is more than 100 acres, but a Catawba County farmer cultivating only fifty acres made $2400 clear profit last year raising hogs. He had three enclosures of five acres each for soiling crops one In cowpeas, another In corn, and an other In wheat and clover; on thirty five acres more he grew mature corn for feeding In the ear. The hogs are marketed as soon as they weigh 180 pounds, and, of course, only Im proved, quick-fattening breeds are used. The difference here Is illus trated by this experience of Mr. E. G. Palmer's last fall. He put scrub hogs and Improved breeds In the same pasture and fed them at the same trough. "The blooded hogs fat tened and were sold weeks ago." Mr. Palmer said in January, "but the scrub hogs are not fat yet, and are about the came size as when I bought them." Progressive Farmer. How a Balanced Ration Fays. A well balanced ration is of the greatest Importance to the econom ical feeding of stock of any Bort. Some time since I was driving with a friend and noted that his horse was entirely too fat. I asked him wl-tt he was fed, and he replied that he did not know, as he kept him at a livery stable. The next day at noon I went to the stable and found they were feeding the horses. I asked a hand what be fed. He replied: "Corn and corn-fodder." There was then no reason to wonder that the horses got too fat, for they had to eat far more than needed in order to get from the food the protein needed, and hence got too much of the fat-forming materials. And it was costing the liveryman far more to keep the horses than if he had understood the value of a well balanced ration. Yet farmers all over the country are doing the same thing and having horses la bad condition for the spring work. Professor Massey. Plow the Stalks Under. Tour corn stalks, cotton stalks and weeds that are on your land undoubt edly took something from It, so don't burn them, but plow them under and return to the soil those elements which the growing stalks and weeds took from It. Fill up the washes and gullies with straw, cane pummlce and other rubbish, which will soon rot and make out of your gullies gooS soil. 8. M. Cown. Chance For Improved Stock. When all of the South Is freed from cattle ticks there will be a better chance for Improved stock. It does not pay to feed tv ubs either for dairy or beef. Scrub cattle and raior back hogs are simply the survival ot the fittest for scrub farming, snd we want to get away from everything of the scrub character. It Pays to Keep Sows. If it pays to keep a sow and feed her six months for a litter of pigs, It certainly does not pay to allow on or more of the pigs to be killed or die from lack ot a little attention at birth. - - BEAUTIFUL RESORT JOOKLETS! Far baaatiful illaetratael teiert book let, iaaaatl by Atlanta, Birmmf has aael Atlaatic Railroad, an tit lad "Saaaaere aad Monataia," with up-to-date raaort sap, send two casta in poetage ta W. H. Laaby. Gaol Paaaaagar Aft, A. & A A. R. R-, Atlanta, Ga. Growth of Cuba. R. P. Cane, resident consular agent, cf Cuba for Louis Hie. Ky, las received some interesting statis tic on Cuban growth and progress. At present the tttil population is put at 2.04S.95O. divided as follows: Males, 1.074.8S2, and famales, 974.0H. Referring to the last census, that of 1907, the Increase In eight years has been 30.2 per cent. Many munici palities show phenomenal Increase, and only one a loss, the city of Car denas, which had thirty le3 inhabit- ants tbin in 1S53 Five cities increase 10 per cent Nuevitas, Ta de P!nos. Vinales. Ran cfco Veloz snd Siua la Grande. Twenty-fire cities increased from 10 to 25 per cent. Twenty-nine cities increased frm 23 to 50 per cent. Thirteen cities increased from 50 to 7o per cent. Seven cities increased from "5 to I 100 per cent. i ManMu, In Pinar ii Rio, increas- i ed 107 per cent. Mavarl, In Oriente, Increased 13S j per cent. I These last two are. respectively In j the extreme west and the extreme east of the island, and the Increases are accounted for by an Increased de velopment of the cultivation of to bacco and the colonizations In the Bay of NIpe. In districts formerly very sparse'.? inhabited The Road to Success. Ben)amln Franklin, the great American, when asked for the secret of suocorS, gave the following max' fma: One today Is worth two to-morrows, Eat not to fullness; drink not to elevation. They that won't be counseled can't be helped. Drive thy business; let not thy business drive thee. He that hath a calling hath an office of profit and honor. Tolerate no unclanltness In body. clothes or habitation. Keep your eyes wide open before marriage, half shut afterward. Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or avoidable. Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. Speak not but what may benefit others or jourself; avoid trifling con Tenaation. Buy what thou hast no need of and ere long thou shalt sell thy nec essaries. Use no hurtful deceit; think Inno cently and Ju-tly, and, If you speak, speak accordingly. A man may, If he knows not how to stave as he gets, keep his nose all his life to the grindstone, and die not w.crth a great at last Swat the fly. but always leave ona alive In the bedroom. It gets the fam lly up In time for breakfast. Keenest Delights Cf Appetite and Anticipation are realised i a' the first taste .of de licious Post Toasties and Cream, The golden-brown bits are sub stantial enough to take up the erearn; crisp enough to make, jcrushing them in the mouth an exquisite pleasure; and the fla vour that belongs only to Post Toasties "The Taste Lingers' This dainty, tempting food it fcoade of pearly white corn, cooked, rolled and toasted into "Toasties.'' fopvlir pkg 0c Larft Family size 15c, Made POSTUM CEREAL CO., LTD., Battls Crack, Mich... iHonseMflAHalrSaf-' REMEDY FOR RED ANTS. " Get from the druggist five cents' worth ot tartar emetic, dissolve a pinch of It In boiling water, about a Ublespoonful; put this In a little In dividual butter dish and set It on the pantrj shelf or any place where the ants come. After one ant tastes it there wU be no more trouble, says the contributor of the Item. It drives them clear away from the house. It has no disagleeable odor like car bolic acid, and Is much more effective. Sugar may be added to the mixture to make the ants taste it sooner. Gocd Housekeeping. ECONOMY IN ICE. Do' not economize this summer by putiins in an Insufficient quantity of ice. This is a mistake. If you keep the Ice box packed, or at least well filled, you will have the benefit of the maximum cooling capacity of your refrigerator, otherwise the tem perature within will never be very low and things will not keep as well. A small refrigerator, well stocked with Ice. is more useful than a large oe only half full. Except la certain cases where It can not be helped, make it a rule never to put food directly on the Ice. New Haven Register. KEEPING CLOTHE3 FRESH. Every woman should pay weekly attention to her clothes that are hang ing and not in use. Two dllerent kinds cf brushes are needed to keep the clothes looking fresh. One Is the usual whisk and the other is on the order of a scrubbing brush. Use the whisk for removing dust from the thoulders and other parts of the gar ment. The other brush Is handy at all times. It will remove mud and will also remove thick, heavy lint, that sometimes settles on plates. If the suit be a dark one and has be gun to assume a rusty appearance, wipe over lightly with a flannel cloth, wet with vinegar. There Is no ex cuse for spots on any garment. Soap and water is sometimes effective for removing stains. If this treatment should not bring about the desired re sult the use ot gasoline is always sat isfactory. Washington Star. COLD STORAGE AT HOME. Every housewife has her pet econ omy. That of one bright woman, who is noted among her friends for get ting the most out ot every dollar. Is the refrigerator. She Indulged In an Ice chest, rather larger than the average at the outset. In it are kept net only meats, milk and the left-over scraps so prec ious to every economist, but all fruits and Vegetables. Fruits which would spoil In twenty four hours In the warmth of the kitchen are kept for a week. If neces sary, In the home cold storage, which also prevents their mellowing too quickly. Fruit can often be bought cheaper In quality and by setting out only those portions of the Bupply Intended for the current day no waste occurs. Again, onions and potatoes will not sprout or will arrive at this unde sirable stage much more slowly if cold storaged. Lettuce, leeks, carrots, turnips, celery, In fact, all tubers and crisp green things keep better in the ice chest. New Haven Register, Green Pea Souffle Mash a cup ot cooked peas to a smooth pulp, work ing In, as you go on, a tablcspoonful of butter, melted. Mix with this a cup of milk, Into which you have dropped a pinch of soda. Season with salt and pepper, beat In the whipped yolks of three eggs, then the stif fened whites. Bake in buttered cov ered dish la brisk oven for twenty minutes, then brown slightly. Potato Puff Take two cups washed potatoes, stir Into It two ta blespoons of melted butter, beat to a white cream; add two eggs, beaten very llght;'a teacup of cream or rich milk, and salt to taste. Bake In a deep dish In a quick oven, until nice ly browned. Take four eggs, add the yolks first, then put In the whites, as If for omelet, and let cook a few min utes longer and It will make an ele gant souffle. Broiled Tomatoes Remove the skins from solid, ripe tomatoes by dipping them In botlng water for an Instant, then In cold water. - Cut in halves with a sharp knife, butter tha broiler well, snd lay on the tomatot-s, cut side down. Broil on one t'i only; remove to a hot platter, lay a bit of butter on each piece wits a shake of salt and pepper. Serve hot. A particularly appetizing relish , for meat and fish of all kinds. VT-fTnf.. 4a 1 . - , V - L.I.LI - """in ILS iruiHlfl 4UO urigUL I'l electric "sky signs" of New York Ci y Las failed. lx Progress of a Severe Case ef Tetter, nunterartlte. A.. July 14 m Ir J T 8hiiptnne. Havannas, Oa. Tr Sir: I am ia1 to aay th.il :rv hoiee of T-ttr1ne 1 order 2 wi-i. I have prannally uaeo!. have r, mm mora reltf and eeommny a pern, ent cura of Tetter anl Kcnu th,- ha1 for 2S yea re for whirh tlrti. ! rare h n tortured anfl tormented w)nJ ar.m dreadful akin dlaeaee 011 my thlrv. and In my groine. alao on my left h and had a I thought riMtrorrd tha n, tural rrowth of two of my flnzr nan," I now hava ona of thm abaolutaiy rw and looking as natural aa I could aak fZ Tha other ona vary much Improved, i , alao had It on mv ft and th(y , ' . cur-;1. In tha twanty-flva to thirty rm2 I hava hen atnharraaaad and totur,! ' with akin trouble I hava naultM ,Ji t,kt-n m!lclne from manr doctora. ,j biuM and uad many dlffarant kind, oln.nnta but pon rava ma rli,f t.Z atU(a-tl"n aa your Titrlne hu ,, " m I wruld not hava had my twn finer rta'la )um aa they war for Sl'xi.do p..tfv-tfu!lr. J. D. Chandler Ta'terlna cure Ktlfnu Tatter. R Worm. Ground Itrh. Itchtnf Pii, j fant a .or Head. Plmplea. Holla. Rrv.rh P-aly Pathaa on tha Faca. Old It. hlna Po-ea. PandnifT. Cankrd S-alp. n.u, Ion. Coma ChllMalna and avery form of V-ln rlaa. Tettartna iOr; Ttl.rln Soap :V-. Tour drusrlat, or by mall fro th rranufa-turar. Tha 8huptrlna Co. Savannah. Ca. ' It U the uncertainty of woma, tr.uses the Chicago News, that muee men go dafTy about them. A Kara Good Thing-. "Am ng Allen's Foot Kae, and ean truly aay 1 woukl not hava bn witnout tt ao ion-, had I luiown the relief it would inve mV aching f-et. I think it rare thing fur anyone having aore or tired leet. .lr. .Matilda Holtwert, Providence iL L bold by alt Omenta. 2oe. Aak. Udij Piety adopted because It pays, con fesses the Chicago Tribune, costs more than It Is worth. rarHEtOtCHE-IIIrk,Ctrrsl! Whathar from Colda. Brat, ?tom-h m rrou Troublea. t'airudlna will rellrra rot. It'a liquld-pira-sml to take a-ta laiumli. ately. Try Ik Inc.. 2jc and Sue at drul aiorea. The greatest actor on life's sta?e Is the individual who never prepares a glum face for a friend In trouble. It ts s mother's duty to krp eonrtantlr on hand aome reliable remedy for viae a ce of swidsn acci-1-nt or miahap to th children. Hamlina Wizard Chi can b de pended upon for juat such emergenciea. Charity must be a good thing when It begins at home, but don't let It out unmuzzled. A Phralclan at Iloma Is Dr. Bi?ir H iiklebHrrv Cordial. It al wara our4 Stonaoh and Bowi Troubles, Children Tthloj, eta. Ac DrugjUti iit and i)i per botile. When a man wins a bet on a horse race he acts as if be did the riding and running, too. Painkiller (Perry Davis') acts quickly. A chii), colic, cramp or d'arrbea can ba . checked by a teaspoonful in bet water. A little deposit In bank is as suf- (restive to man as the nest egg Is to the ben. Bongh on Rata, unbeatable extermnuttoc. Rough on Ben LJoe, Meat Powder, Ho. Sough on Bedbugs, Powder or Llq'tLSSo, Rough on Fleas, Powder or Liquid, 9Sc Rough oa Boecfcaa, Powd, 15c.,Liq'd,Xo. Rough on Moth and Ants, Powder, 25c. ' Rough on Skeeters, agreeable in oaa, Ste E. a Wells, Chemist. Jersey City, N. J. CAN'T BE ESCAPED! "What do they mean by the bail of doom?" 'flt'e the band that rings your doer boll when you're alone In the flat and Just starting to take a bath." loulsville Courier-Journal. AFTER FOURYEARS OFMISERY Cured by Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound Baltimore, Md. "For four Tears my life was a misery to me. I suffered rrom lrreguiau ties, terrible dra (jinfr sensations, extreme nervous ness, and that ll gone feeling in mr stomach. I bsJ given up hope or ever helntr well ell, when I began t takr.vHIE.rint ham's Vegetable Compound. inl" I felt as thourh life had been sriyen me, and I am recommending it to all my friends." Mrs. W. 8. Ford, lr'.n Iansdowne St, Baltimore. Md. The most successful remedy in tb. cau'i'.Tf for the cure of all forms of female complaints is Lydia E- Fi" liaa s Vegetable Compound. It u BUvd ;he test of years and to-daT u run re hdely and successf ully used t nw a n yo aer female remedy, it has cured ti.ouf inds of women who have been tioul ed with displacements, ln"! tii itt n, ulceration, fibroid tumors, t-T rt-cul irities, periodic pains, backschs, thut oearing-down feeling, flatulency, t n-iii astion, and nervous prostration, aft! all other means had failed. If you are suflering from any of tn ailrt.ents, don't give up hope until I you , li.tvf given Lydia 12. l'inkham's 8 tatil'j Compound a trial. . It you wouia like special rit to Mrs. JMnkham, Lvn"; 1 ., for li. She lias sruiu' -health, free ' tiirUhanili to W 'i ' , " '..-?v'T;"':'' r