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PRACTICAL ADVICE ABOUT
DIVERSIFIED FARMING TeRt With Dairy Cows. The Department of Agriculture has , received a report of gome tests at the Mississippi experiment station with dairy cows. Experiments lasting six teen and ten weeks, respectively, were tmdertaken to see If It paid to feed cottonseed meal when cows had an abundance of green feed. In the former test the cottonseed meal gave five per cent, better returns, but this was not enough to pay for the, extra cost of meal. In the second test there was no Increase in the yield of milk. I'slng cows pastured at night but kept up during the day, cottonseed meal was fed at the bnrn In com parison w'lth the soiling crops, elfnl fn. sorghum and Johnson grass. In a ton weeks' test It was found thnt fnrtv-one pounds of green feed gave an average dally yield of 14.9 pounds of milk for each cow, while the lot fed 3.4 pounds of cottonseed meal gave 14.2 poundB. The difference In fnvnr of green feed would have been greater If the cows had had no access to pasture. In a comparison of large, medium and small rations with three lots of cows, receiving respectively thirteen pounds, ten pounds and six pounds of a grain ration consisting of wheat bran and cottonseed meal 2:1. the average weekly yields were 333. 873 nnd 743 pounds. In the last easer there was also some loss of body weight. A second test with three lots of nine cows rnch showed that nine pounds of the mixture yielded better results than eleven pounds. In a test of four month with thir ty cows it was found that silage re sulted In a Bavlng of SI 00 over a feed of wheat bran, cottonseed meal and Johnson hay grass. During hot weatiter It was found to 1)3 of no advantage to protect cows from the heat by keeping them In the bai n, as they were more contented In a shady pasture. Another experiment showed that with 149 cows, the average cost of feed per cow per month was $4.10 In the dry feed herds and $3.50 In the silage fed herds, the average cost of one gallon of milk being fifteen and nine rents respectively, and a corre sponding cost of one pound of butter fat of twenty-nine and twenty cents respectively. Good Care Pays. The harness and buggy may he made to Inst twice or three times as long by the Judicious use of oil and paint. I bought a cheap buckboard nnd harness seven years ago. Twice every year I took the harness apart at the buckles washed It with soap and then rubbed well with "neatsfoot oil," fifteen cents' worth. Every sum mer when the wheels began to rattle because of getting loose, I got a half gallon of linseed oil and put In a crescent shaped pan and boiled the "felloes" of the wheels in the oil. A tinner will make a pan for fifty cents In which to boil the wheels in the llnteed oil. For $1.00 I bought enough ready mixed carriage paint every summer and treated the entire cart to a coat of paint. As a conse quence my cheap harness and buck board did almost daily service for seven years and was then given in 'part pay in buying another buck board and harness. The a were oth ers who did not use oil and paint who had three or four new sets of harness and carts. Mrs. M. G. Adams, in the Epitomlst. let the Town Clerkships Alone. No greater opportunity la offered anywhere to the young man who is willing to work than is offered in Southern agriculture to the man who will learn how to do ordinary farm tasks as they should be done. The boy who trains himself along these lines has the future in his hands, and the farm boys of the South should be turning by the thousands to the agricultural high schools, the win ter short courses in the agricultural colleges, the corn contests to every- hlns, in fact, Which will help to luaka them reelly proficient in eltbor tine science or the practice of agricul ture. The farn boy who will train himself can got gcod wages or a good alary in working for other men, and can thereby accumulate . enough o buy land himself and so become a still more definite fr.rtor In the agri cultural progress of his section. I.ct the town clerkships alone, farmer boys; there are much bigger opportunities more money and vast ly more independence and satisfaction on tho farm. Progressive Farmer. Wild Onions In Milk. I had a cow that took to eating wild onions, so the milk was not At for man or beast to drink, and it would spoil the milk of the other cows if it was mixed with it. I have been putting about a halt cup of. mo'.asBes In her morning feed. Slues I began using it there has been no odor of onions about the milk, ex cept one day. It was very rainy In th'! morning, and as I did not expect to turn her in the pasture I failed to give her the molasses. But It faired off about noon and I turned her out; that night the milk was spoiled by the onions. I don't know whether the molnsses destroys the odor or taste, or whether the cow omits to eat onions after eat ing the molasses. I writs this for what It is worth. W. H. Turrentlne, Alamance County, N. C. Where Cotton Docs Rest. Vnquestlonubly cotton does better In a moderately compact or firm seed bed. If the land Is to be broken deeply In the spring It should be dono early and the land thoroughly har rowed two or three times before planting. One of the most successful cotton growers we know rarely breaks his land in the spring with a turning plow. The land Is well broken the f nil before and sowed to rye or some other cover crop and then In the spring simply disced and reduced until a proper seed bed is secured. No doubt the cover crop is an important factor In his success hut we are much Inclined to the opin ion that the firm deep soil with fine seed bed of three or four inches on top is equally important. Spurs For Ponltrymrn. Sitting hens should be dusted with a good insect powder three times during the hatch. Skim milk Is the best summer ecs producer and has been shown to be worth one and a halt conts per quart for that purpose. Corn alone will not make good chickens or produce a profitable egg yield. Its value will be greatly in creased when supplemented by green and animal feeds. Chicks may be raised successfully either by hens or In a brooder. If ralRPd by hens, keep the hens con fined to coop for two week3- after chicks are hatched, allowing tho chicks to run out and in at will. Vsa an incubator to hatch early chicks for market, hut hatch breed ing stocks with hens. If hatched by hens, care should be taken to keep them perfectly free from lice, ana even incubator hatched chicks will get lousy if tho brooder is not kept clean. 'a comfortable house which Is dry one that will keep out the rain and always have a dry floor is a good Investment. Allowing the rain to get into the house to drown Ilea Is a poor way of getting rid of them and will cause other troubles ns bad as lice. Poultry cannot be kept healthy for any length of time in a damp house. In grading up from common stock use pure bred males of the same breed each year nnd in a few years the flock will be uniform in appear ance and, for practical purposes, pure bred. Improve the poultry, whether pure-bred or grade, by selecting the best hens from the flock as well as by selecting a good male bird. Most poultrymen depend too much on the male and pay little or no attention to the females. Have the inside of the poultry house as smooth as possible with no unnecessary cracks and corners for mites to hide in. Do not nail roosts and nests to the walls, as they are hard to keep free from mites If they cannot be removed occasionally for a thorough cleaning. Feed the young chicks only a little at a time. Feed often, for the first three weeks five times a day. After that they may have dry corn meal and wheat bran before them all the time. J. 8. Jeffrey, Poultryman North Carolina Agricultural Experi ment Station. Sweet Eighteen. A professor of the class In English history was telling his young men of the impressionable age about the Elizabethan era, ' when suddenly turning to one of the young men who seemed to he in a dream, with a far away gaze, he said: "And how old was Elizabeth, Mr, Case?" , "Eighteen last birthday," cam; InBtant reijly. Tlt-BlU. CLEANING PORCELAIN OR AGATE With a cloth dipped la kerosene oil tho effect is wonderful. You may then rub with a dry cloth: The arti cles cleaned will be as bright as new. The game method may bn used In cleaning furniture. Even paint may be cleaned quickly with a little oil on the cloth and Boap suds as well.. Boston Post. TO PRESERVE A COOK BOOK, Every hoiiBckeper knows how ber cook books suffer if they must be taken to tho kitchen. Some women write off favorite recipes rather thnn give a valuable cook book to care less servants. When this Is out of the question or too much trouble, try the plan of having a sheet of transparent lsln glnss cut a little larger than the book when opened. The corners can be weighted by gluing on a heavy flat button to each corner. TheEe help to keep the book open at the desired place. Insist upon having the sheet plnced oveV the open pages while tho recipe is being used. A pane of glass can be used in the same way, hut there is danger of cutting the fingers unless the edges are bound with heavy paper or n piece of colored muslin. New York Times. HOME MADE HAMMOCK. An entirely comfortable hammock, one that will outwear two of the or dinary kind, is made of canvas stretched over a frame work of wood and suspended from porch ceiling or tree limbs by ropes. The wooden - frame should be six feet long and three wide. Any car penter could make one In an hour or so, at very little expense. Tho four sides of the frame should be securely dovetailed together at the corners. Canvas may bo bought at any shop where shop's supplies are kept cheaper than at a department store. The canvas should not be drawn taut over the frame, but a little slack should be allowed. Fasten to tho frame with strong wire nails set close together. Screw eyes are then put on at tho four corners of the frame and strong rope run hrough them and turned back, wrapped with heavy twine and well glued. This is a neat and strong manner in which to secure tho ends of the rop. Small pulleys should be put lit the porch celling and the ropes run through them so that the hammock; may be raised and lowered at will. At night and in stormy weather tha hammock can then be raised to the celling out of the rain and out of the way. An awning cleat screwed into a porch pillar or into the wall holds the four ropes tight. Such a hammock is wonderfully comfortable, for it gives with every movement of the body, and It la safer than an ordinary hammock, because the frame prevents it from tipping over. New Haven Register. Stuffed Beefsteak One larse. thick tilce of round steak; pound and season vUIi salt and pepper: make a dressing the eami as for turkey, spread on the Bike of meat, roll and tie closely with twine. Steam five hours, cool and slice. Currant Water To two cupfuls currants and one cupful red raspber ries mashed add a cupful of cold water and bring to a simmer over the fire. Then strain, mix with a cupful of syrup made from sugar and water boiled to tho thread stage. Pour la three pints water and stand on the ice until cold. Baked Oysters in Shells Leave the oyster3 in the deep shells, pour ing off their liquor, and adding to each oyster. In Its shell, a little salt, pepper, a drop or two of onion Juice, a small piece of butter and a sprink ling of pimento chopped till very fine. Set into a very hot oven fo about five minutes, and serve. Chestnut Tlmbnles For Consomme Boil Dhclled-and-blanched chest nuts till tender, drain, mash, and press through a sieve; to half cup of puree add half a cup of cream, scant half teaspoonful of salt, a grat ing of nutmeg, if liked, and the yolks of four eggB, beaten light; mix thor oughly and turn Into very smll moulds, or divide the mixture amoag eight larger moulds. Let cook as above. When firm in the centre un nold and keep hot in broth, if there be any delay in serving. For a more elaborate tlmbale decorate the mould with figures cut from sliced truffles. Jill A LITTLE "WORTHY." I r hprif crv,l,l nnt luivo been ! sweeter than tho little Princess Anne, of whom Thomas Fuller tells in bis "Worthies of England." Bnrn in 1C37, thU daughter of Charles I. died in her Infancy, when not full four years old. "Suing minded by thoso about her," writes the old chronicler, "to call upon God even when tho pangs wero upon her, 'I am not able,' saitli she, 'ti cay my long prayer,' mean ing tho Lord's Prayer 'but I will Bay my short one, "Lighten mine eyes, O Lord, lcet I Bleep tho sleep of death." ' "This dono tha little lamb save up tho ghost." JILTD FOURTEEN, KEEP3 RINGS. Fourteen broken engagements led to the arrest of a young woman in Lelpslc the other dny. A dotectlva became suspicious when ho saw ber looking in tho window of a pawn broker's Bhop with fourteen dtnmond rings on her fingera. Ho took her despite tearful protests to a polico station, and there eho toll sho had a ring from each of fourteen Jilted fiances. The Btory sounded so im probable thnt. tha police held the girl until they made an investigation. They rounded all the hapless wooers, and when each one had lolj tha same siory, of buying un engagement ring only to be cast aside, the young wom an was released. New York Press. FEMININE DOCTORS FOR SHIPS. In Germany 150 women are taking courses in medicine, while in France 600 women are studying to be physi cians. It Is only within recent years that women in Germany have been admitted to the higher branches of stuJy In the unlvorisltles, and already they are beginning to offer serious competition to the men. There are 100 women doctors in Paris, and al most all hold government , posts. Mushroom omelet. Wash a cupful of largo button mush rooms, fresh or canned, and cut them into small pieces. Put Into a saucepan an ounce of butter and let It molt; odd the mushrooms, a level teaspoonful of salt and o half-cupful of cream, stirring In a teaspoonful of flour dissolved In a little milk to thicken it. After boiling ten minutes set this aside. Make a plain omelet with four efjgs, and just before doubling it turn the mushrooms Into the centra and fold tho omelet over. Serve immediately, or it will become tough. Warmed over nBparagus chopped is very good also used In this way. New York Post. s CJ ft. O u : . 3 "irt Twenty are attached to the postal; service and twenty more to the tele phone and telegraph departments. . A new field for the French woman phy sician Is as ship's doctor on the Medi terranean passenger fleets. Women have been found to answer even bet ter than men in this capacity, and the steamship companies are giving thera all the vacancies. Now York Pi-ess. , . ,., .... , .. COLLEGE GIRLS AS TYPISTS. Ruth Cranston believes that sten ography Is one of the most promising fields for girls from the regular col leges. This is an unusual suggestion, as business colleges In all the cities turn out girl stenographers by the scores. Miss Cranston, however, says- there is room at the top for young women with more knowledge than simply how to run a typewriter. "There are employers willirg to pay! do not require constant prompting," says Miss Cranston. "The average girl In an office does Just what sho in told and nothing more. These are the girls who receive a few dollars a week, and, as a rule, thny aro r.ot worth a cent mora than they get. The college girl has tho equipment to fill an important position, and there is always the possibility that sho may become a private secre tary." Miss CranBton also believes ttere is an opportunity for girls with small capital la opening tea rooms. She says that women shop pers ore Inclining more and more to drop Into such places in the after noon, and investigation has convinced her there is large profit in tho tea room business. New York Press. WORRIES AND BLESSINGS. The League of Village Mothers taer la tne Ci.0w anti narrower In .t hnmd loot wnnlr nnfl nnr'.. .' . . . met at our home last week and our meeting was interesting. Two mem bers had been appointed leaders for the afternoon. One opened the lit erary eierctse on tho subject of Wor ries. A neighbor's house had Just burned to the ground and the young wife bad lost three hundred cans of fruit. A man with a wugoa had mado tho round and wo all gave of our store of canned goods to lessen her loss. This reduced one woman's worries. The leader had distributed slips among the members and here are some of the questions: "Can I make a list of my worries?" "How can I attack each worry and overcome it?" "What good does it do me or others to worry?" "What worries me most, actual or fancied things?" "Is thera not a remedy and have I Bought It?" "Do I realize that each worry can bo cured by persistent effort?" "Will the overcoming ct ono worry help to overcome others?" "While I worry am I not stealing my own vitality and spoiling my home life?" "May net worry be defined as a tort of selfishness?!' Each woman was allowed but five minutes for responses; bo wo con dense. It was surprising how much enthusiasm was created by theoe common questions. It was food for reflection for nil tho women. Tha woman in the chnlr lu tho Leagr.o of Vlllngo Mothers was one who hac! wisely reared a largo family. She opened her remarks with a quo tation from the quaint old Vicar of Wakefield. "I v.as ever of tho opin ion," said tho vicar, "that the honest man who rears a largo fa:uily of chil dren well, does a greater ewvlce to his country thnn he who remains sin gle and merely talks about the popu lation." Blessings. The long-nosed member said tho greatest of all was pure air nnd good water. All agreed thwt we often pass by these common cut of blessings. ' Tho thoughtful woman said: "A land of Bibles and Gospel privileges." A poor member Bald: "Enough to eat and wear and a Good roof for shelter." The blacksmith's wife said: "Schools and churches and n friendly neighborhood." Tho dltcher'B wifo Enid: "Livins on high land away from swamps and malaria." Each answer brought out discus sion and 83 hostess I listened and learned. The pleasant afternoon came to a close, for November days are short. For refreshments we served doughnuts nnd coffee in a neighborly way. My granddaughters. Sarah Jane and Mary Ann, assisted me. Mrs. Hannah Smyth, in the In diana Farmer. Mushroom shapes prevail In hats. Feathers, where thcr aro cay, aro large. The Bleevclcss coat Is much in tho public o; e. New hat shapes aro all turned up at the side. Flowered muslin cunbonceti havs some favor. Immense l!lic3 havo been sn as hat trimming. Oversklrts of soft mater! ;1 aro modish and are here to stay. For the present the spreading brim, remains a favorite. On It aro flow ers, not many, hut very large. Ono stilklns hat la large, and black, oniYmT.-.ted In front with a "sunburst" of v.hito feathers. A model hat is white, large, and trimmed with a Bort of halo of feath ery oats, glistening with silver. Morning robes and tea go-.vns aro appearing without sleeves, except as they are mada of contrasting mater ial. ' Girdles will emphnslzomnny gowns. The underarm Beams are high and give smartness to the close fitting sleeve. Somo of tho new straws very clev erly reproduce tho old ulue of tho quaint treasures of, our grandmoth ers' days. Tho tiny roses and modest violet of a lew weeks ago are being replaced on hats by blowoms of tho other ex treme lu size. There Is a strong rumor that hats the brim aro to lscue shcrtly from millinery salons. On both linen and gingham gowns ' the sleeves are generally qulto plain, long, of course, and finished at tha wrist with a narrow edging of white. Somo very charming old world frocks are carried out in soft taffetas, Ehot with three or four palo colorings, such, for Instance, as mauve, pink and periwinkle blue. The "cuirass" frock, finished with patent leather belt low about tho hips, is a childish looking design, and Is not' attempted by others than young, slender girls. . Franca bas 78S3 postal saving banks.