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PRICE TO LIVE EVERYTHING GOING " UP.
-fill-, i 'ii GOVERNMENT TO INVESTIGATE THE INCREASED COST OF LIVING Senator Crawford Calls on Secretary Nacl For a Conservative Statement of the Facts Regarding Advance In Price ol Necessities If Data Fai!, Inquiry and Remedial Legislation Will Follow. Washington, P. C The alarming increase In the cos. of living, duo to the rapid unci constant advance in the prion of necessities. Is In lie investi gated by ib Government. Senator Crawford, of South Da kota, has asked Secretary Navel, of the Department of Commerce and Labor, fur a conservative rtntemont of tho facts. Should tho Secretary, from data In his possession, fail to give the desired Information. Senator Craw ford will press u resolution In the Senate. dlrecliPK the Commissioner to Investigate u'ld report to Congress early, that there may bo prompt remedial logislal Inn. Senator Crawford purposes to pet nt the hotUmi facts ns to tho advance In prices. There Is suspicion In his part of the country that co,.nbl!j:l.l.n nnd enr.innii.iiy of lnterr-at: have something to do with conditions that are alarming and fast crowing Intol erable. Senator Crawford is an op ponent of nil monopolistic trusts and corners in farm and dulrv products. Preliminary Investigations show there have been no reports from the Commissioner of Labor on the costs of living, the advance: In price of necessities and tho value of labor since l!to7. At that time a report was made that labor was not able to purchase as much as. In previous years. The report was severely criti cised l.y '.republican statesmen, be. cause a 'political campaign' was altttit to open., An amended report noon Bppe:vedi and Its comparisons, more exhaustive than In the lir.'t report, explained some of tho most daiuugiig statements previously made. Increased ("est 37 Per Cent. Since. .190 7 there lias been a sharp Increase. In the cost of living, nnd a graduah Increase, for a dozen years. In a rnerlal dispatch to Tho American from Trenton, N. J., It was stated by the State Board of Labor and Statis tics that the cost of living in New Jersey has Increased in thirteen years 37.13 per cent. Theso facts bnve been brought home to a number of Senators by their constituents. The people want, to know whether combinations nnd price arrangements have raised cost to consumers; what tho farmer and tho middle man get, to letermlne whether the margins of profit ore too great. Senator Crawford will have little dlmculty in Betting hla resolu tions of inquiry passed. Senator Brlstow, of Kansas, be lieves combinations havn something to do with the advance of the cost of necessities, but thinks that the desire for luxuries has more. "The people have grown accus tomed to luxuries," ho said. "For years they gut the best of everything at prices lower than now. When prices were advanced because of de mand, they had to take tho next best. Tho result has been a general advance of nil grades of necessities. I believe tho combinations) have bad much to do wiih it. but not nil. "When the wholesaler advances slightly, the retailer advances, and the two or more advances made be fore the article reaches the consumer makes tho general advance a burden on tho wag'earne.r. I would like to know the relationship that exists in all cases or In Inrge communities be tween wholesaler find the retailer. I have heard, but do not know, that in some instances the wholesaler con trols the retailers and fixes the retail price. "I do not think the tariff can be held resDouslble for theso advances. ! .; 1 by lirt'JB, There can be no defense of the I woolen schedules, no justification for j the s-tcar tariffs except to Insure per- petuity to the Sugar Trust. i Opposes Investigation. 1 "I cannot sea what good results would How from an Investigation of these (oiidilions at this time." Senator J'erlilns, of California, be lieves tho advance is due to the law of supply nnd demand, that produc tion has not kept paco with the growi h i,f population. "Many years ugo, I was a cattle miser." he said. ""Wo got $12 to $15 lor a steer. To-day, thai steer brings $45 to ,"(. I sold sheep at II. fill ft head. They now bring $5 for liiutton. Wheat has sold at fifty cents n bushel; It Is now. more than H In Chicago. The cattle ralBcr and the wheat grower get a large per centage of this Increase. "Formerly the cities could be fed In large part by the product of sur rounding territory. Now the neces sities nre demanded In Buch bulk they must be transported great distances. This Increases tho cost of the neces sities." Cost to Go Still Higher. . That the cost of living Boon will b greater than ever before, is indicated by tho December report, Just issued by the Mradslreet Company., The re port shows that the prices of com modities to-day are .within . .small traction of the record. Up to date the, highest prices ever known In thlr, country for commodi ties was March 1, 19Q7, According, to Bndstreefs' table of Index num bers, on December 1, this year, the level stood at $9.1202. On March 1, 1!)07, the level was $9.1293. That Is. the price of commodities to-day is within a small fraction of one per cent, of tho highest record. BradsLreet's report Bhows that, theoretically, a man going to the wholesale market place to purchase a pouna or e.acn oi ninety-six nrticics would have had to pay on December 1 of this year about $9,12 5(1. On March 1 last like goods might have hPen purchased for nearly ninety-one cents less, while on December 1, 190S, they were cheaper by 91.35 cents. " -Bradstroet's Index numbers are tho totals of the prices per pound of ninety-six articles, quarterly or monthly, which is used as a standard of com parison. The groups that make up the Index numbers are set out in the following table, which shows the striking in crense In tho cost of living this year as compared to last; Dec. 1, 190S. BreildEtuffs $0.0979 T.ivcRtock 3275 Provisions 2.0603 Fruits .1607 Tildes and leather, 1.1S25 Textiles 2.36i3 Dec. 1, 1909. $0.1014 .4010 2.3187 .ior.7 1.2S75 2.7350 .5950 .0070 .3753 .0S9S .0S27 .5958 .3712 Metals Conl and coke . . . Oils Naval stores . . . Building material Chemicals, drugs. Miscellaneous . . . .B8SI .0003 .3637 .06S3 .0804 .6379 .2744 Tolal $3.2133 $9.1262 Tho report shows that prices con tinue to move upward. If the pres ent rate of increase continues. It can be a matter of only a short time be fore the highest prices ever known, will be recorded for all kinds of commodities. in tin? Now York American. j EARTH CAN'T ,GET ... MESSAGES FKOMMAJlSt Johns Hopkins Professor Points to Many Difficulties Surround Ing tho Projoot. Dr, J. A. Anderson, professor of astronomy In the Johns Hopkins Uni versity, in giving his views regard ing trio statement made by Professor William Henry Pickering, of Har vard, that the planet Mars can be communicated with by a set of mir rors, said : "I renlly do not think that Profes sor Pickering's statement has been received In the light that It was In tended. As It stands. It Is perfectly plausible, but as for the actuality of ever communicating with the planet, as M. Camille Flar.imnrion says, that Is another question. "It is highly possible to construct an arch of sufficient Intensity to con vey a beam of light to Mars. A light as strong ns that of tho sun would carry to the planet, so that, if wo can construct a reflector strong enough to send snn'lght In its original s reir-'ili through the heavens, the problem s ) far will have been solved. "Whether or not there would be anybody or any form of life on the stir to signal us back again Is an other o,ne:;ilon. There is certainly no evidence now of any such a fact. While the theory of the planet being habitable l generally accepted, whether It Is inhabited has never been solved, nnd at present there are no Indications that It will be solved, nt least In Hie near future. "Supposing the planet is Inhabited, nit hough the concensus of opinion here Is negative, is it logical to sup pose that the .Martians would be ready to take or notice a message Just nt a time corresponding to that when It was sent from the earth? As is well known, Mars is practically the only planet that shows any signs of being physically habitable. It has an atmosphere of its own, and, more over, Is capable of being studied, which cannot be said of Venus, which is even closer to the earth. That planet's face Is never seen, being cov ered with dense clouds. It Is not known what the temperature of Mars may be, or whether or not It would support life. Professor Everett Low ell, director of Lowell Observatory, has done much work on the study of Mars, and has reached the conclusion that it is both habitable and In habited. "This 1b a question which mny be solved In the future, but so far as Professor Pickering's recent state ment goes, I will say again that I think It has been taken to mean more than Its author intended, exceeding the scope of its patent plausibility." I'iiilutcly of Aviation. One of the very few genuine "va rieties" in stamps Is announced. It would be more correct to say it Is a rare postmark. Hare It will be If In terested parties do not take advan tage of the occurrence and have ad dressed to themselves thousands of envelopes bearing the mark. It seems that during the now historic aviation week at Khelms a temporary postoffice was set up on the aviation ground, and all letters there posted bearing the ordinary French stamps were postmarked "Betheny-Avlntion," besides the various Borvlee marltn. The marking stamp was hexagonal, instead of round.. These stamps will, no doubt, be curiosities. Time will tell whether they will be sought after like the unnecessary Brunei provis ionals, which In the aeereiiate must have fetched Just as high a sum as the year's revenue of the swamp In which they were Issued. London Globe. The Variable Focit. An Investigator In Washington has recently ' collected soma . tnberestlnir facts about the foot, the most widely used measure of length, In both an cient and modern times. It is de rived from the length of the human loot, hut apparently has varied more than that portion of the skeleton can possibly have done In historic times. The ancient Welsh foot, for in stance, was nine Inches long, whereas the Piedmont foot was twenty inches. In modern times we have variations from the Spanish foot, of less than eleven inches, to the Venlve foot, of more than thirteen Inches. Almost every country has used a foot meas ure of a different length. Harper's Weekly. Whales Along the Coast. Officers of the steamer Vera, which arrived to-day from Jamaica, report that they Baw hundreds of whales off the Massachusetts coast. The fruiter was oil Nauset when Captain Ryn nlng and the chief officer first sighted the whales. To the northward for miles the whales were disporting in the water, One of the officers declared that ha had never seen so many of them. They swam along, apparently all heading northeast. Every little while one would nose alongside the steamer and would dive out of sight. The whales were In full sight until Cape goa was rounded. Boston Traa script. nhin of the World 150x100 lo lie Made by Bailey Willis. New York City. Bailey Willis, of the linked States Geological Survey, who has been attending a scientific congress In London, returned with plans for the construction of a com ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATIONS FOR 1910 IJeliig the Second After Bissextile, or Leap Year; and 1'iitil July -It Ii. the Mltli Veur of the Independence of tlie I'nlted States. KCLH'SKH FOK THE YKAK 11)10. In the year 1910 there will be four eclipses, two of the Sun and two of the Moon. I. A total eclipse of the Sun, May 8-9, visible In Taosmanla as total anl in Australia as a partial eclipse. II. A total eclipse of the Moon, May 23-24, vUlble In United States. Moon enters total shadow, May 23, 10 h 46 m. P. M. Middle of eclipse, May 24, 0 h. 34 m. A. M. Moon leaves total shadow, May 24, 2 h. 22 m. A. M. Magnitude of the eclipse, 1.10 of the Moon's diameter. III. A partial eclipse of the Sun, November 1. Visible in Siberia, Japan and Korea. IV. A total eclipse of the Moon, November 16, visible la the I'nlted States. Moon enters total shadow. November 16, 5 b. 44 m. P. M. Middle of eclipse, November 16, 7 h. 21 m. P. M. Moon leuves total shadow, November 16, 8 h. &8 ni. P. M. Magnitude of eclipse, 1.13 of the Moon's diameter. ItKIGMN'G Jupiter is the reigning planet this CAKMNAL Vernal Equinox, entrance of the Sun the mornlmr. Summer Solstice, entrance of the Sun the morning. Autumnal Equinox, entrance of the o clock in the afternoon. Winter Solstice, entrance of the Sun o clock 15 m. at noon. EVENING AXI MOHXIXG STARS. Venus will be evening star (setting after the Sun) until February 12, then morning star (rising before the Btar until the end of the year. Mars will be evening star until the end of the year. Jupiter will be morning star until April 1, then evening star until U- tober 15, then morning star until the Saturn will be evening star until tober 24, then evening star until the THE IlEGIXXIXC. Winter Solstice, 1909, beginning of Vernal Equinox, 1910, beginning of Summer Solstice, 1910, beginning of Summer, June 22, 3 h. A. M. Autumnal Equinox, 1910, heglnnlng'of Autumn, September 23, 5 h. Winter SolBtlce, 1910, beginning of Winter, December 22, 0 h. A. M.- . . DI'RATION OF Sun In Winter Signs, 89 d. 1 h. Sun in Spring Signs, 82 d. 20 h. Sun in Bummer Signs, 93 d. 14 h. Sun in Autumn Signs, .89 d. 19 h. FIXED AXI) MOVABLE New Year's Day, January t. ' Conversion of St. Panlj January 25. Septuagosima Sunday, January 23. ' Sexageslma Sunday, January 30.' , Purification B. V. M., February 2, Quinquiigeslma Sunday, February 6. Shrove Tuesday, February 8. ABh Wednesday (Lent begins), Feb ruary 9. Quadragesima Sunday.'February 13. St. Valentine, February 14. Mid-Lent Sunday, March 6. St. Patrick's Day, March 17. Palm Sunday, March 20. Good Friday, March 25. Easter Sunday, March 27. Low Sunday, April 3. St. George, April 23. St. Mark, April 25. Saints PhlllpB and James, May 1. Rogation Sunday, May 1. Ascension (Holy) Thursday, May 6. CHRONOLOGICAL Dominical Letter b Golden Number h Epact (Moon's age, Jan. 1) . . . . 19 Solar Cycle , , 15 Age of the word II ALLEY'S COMET APPEARS. It seems that Dr. Wolf, of Heidelberg, was the first astronomer to photo graph the reappearance of Halley's Comet in 1909. His telegram stated that he found It Sunday September 12, just within the tlnnt tmLM tion Gemini, near the boundary of Orion; and that It was of the sixteenth magnitude. By some this Is believed to have been the "Star of Bethlehem." lr,hrenIIla-HnK8tBlnCe thirteenth century seem to have been coincident, ? . . "Ba81troulB events, which has tended to increase the superstitious' belief n the malign Influence of comets. This comet should be an interesting celestial object well into 1910. rising at first befo , thS Sun, on M ' 8 about iP,- 'i Ll !',USB Dr.Poiluln. Gemlnl J"ne arter 't conjunction witn tho Bun, when It ought to be at Its greatest brilliancy as an evening star, setting about 2 hours 30 minutes after the Sun, at about the close of evening twilight. posite map of the world to be 150 by 100 feet. Eaca European countrv represented In the congress and Aus tralia and India are going to contrib ute a certain number of sheets, giving In detail all that Is known of their particular sectlonsof theworld. There will be 2400 sheets in all. l'l-ANET. year. I'OIXTS. Into Aries, March. 21, at 7 o'clock In into Cancer, June 22, at 3 o'clock In Sun into Libra, September 23, nt 5 Into Capricorn, December 22, at 12 Sun) until December 5, then evening September 22, then morning star until end of the year. April 17, then morning star until Oc. end of the year. OK THE SEASONS. Winter, December 22, 6 h A. M. Spring, March 21, 7 h. A. M. P. M. THE SEASONS. Tropical Year, 2GT d. 6 h. Sun North Fquator, 186 d. 10 h. Sun South Equ&tdr, 178 d. 20 u. Difference, 7 d. 14 h, . , FEASTS Oil CHURCH DAYS. Whit Sunday (Pentecost), May 15. Trinity Sunday, May 22. Corpus Chrlstl, Way 26. ... St. Barnabas, June 11. St. John the Baptist, June 24. Saints Peter pnd Paul. 'June 29. St.. James, July 25. Transfiguration, August 6. . St, Bartholomew, August 24. " St. Matthew, September 21. ' Michaelmas (St. John and Angels), September 29. St. Luke, October 18. Saints Simon and .Tude, October 28. Thanksgiving Day,-November 24. Advent Sunday, November 27. St. Andrew, November 30. St. Thomas, December 21. -Christmas Day, December 25. St. Stephen, December 25. St. John the Evangelist, December 26. Holy Innocents, December 23. CYCLES FOR 1010. Julian Period 6023 Roman Indication 8 Year Jewish Era, Oct. 3 G671 Mohammedan Era, Jaa 13 1328 (Mosaic), 5903.