ORCHARD AND GARDEN.
Walt until the ground freezes suffi
ciently hard to hold up a wagon:
d,en mulch the strawberry bd with
,traw or raarsh hay.
Destroy all cocoons and all egg
glisters found on tree trunks,
Choice, hand picked winter apples,
jscb one wrapped In paper and stored
In a cool plnce, will keep a surprising
ly long time.
Late In the fall plow a furrow
down through the orchard between
wry (wo rws of trees if the ground
dart to be wet. The trees will do a
great deal better for this drainage.
In mild climates November is the
'time to prune grapevines; but in
iyery cold localities It Is safer to delay
She nrun'ng until severe cold is prac
mcally over say the latter part of
February. Cut back new wood so
u to leave only two buds on each
(jiu), farm Journal.
MIGNONETTE FOR WINTER.
Those who appreciate mignonette
durlns; the early spring months
ibould sow a few seeds In pots now,
Wrooslng pots five Inches or bIx Inches
in diameter. These must be well
drained and filled with a soil mixture
composed of loam two parts, well rot
ted manure one part, and a good
prinkllng of old mortar added. Make
the soil moderately Arm, Bcatter the
teeds thinly, cover very lightly, water
well with a fine nosed can and then
Itand the pots in a cold frame.
As soon as the seedlings appear
free ventilation must be afforded,
thinning them early to five or six to
each pot, and for the next three
months, or until severe frost threat
ens, must be grown on as hardily as
possible. Small twiggy sticks will
most li!;oly be needed for support.
When at the approach of winter the
'plant? are taken to the greenhouse,
they should bo kept near tho glass
and hIvpii free air as often as possi
In storing cabbage, 6elect a well
drai:iMl place, dO? a pit four or five
feet wide, and deep enough to hold
any desired number of tiers of heads
(Ave tiers probably would be most
tillable). Over the bottom of the
pit strew clean, dry straw, leaves or
any kind of litter to a depth of five
or six inches.
Now sever the cabbage heads from
the stumps, removing all leaves that
are damp or show the least sign of
decay, and lay the beads in the pit,
tops down, in even rows. In placing
them see that they lie close together.
Also be very careful not to bruise
them or you need not be surprised to
And rotten cabbage when you open
Mnlte the pile to resemble a hay
stark as much as possible, cover with
ome clean grass or straw, and throw
on some six or eight inches of dirt.
Leave In this condltinon until cold
weather approaches; then cover with
more coarse litter, to prevent freez
ing and thawing. Some prefer to
cover lightly and allow the cabbage
to freeze, and this is all right, pro
vided they stay frozen till used. It's
the alternate freezing and thawing
jthat ruins cabbage. Farmers' Home
CARING FOR GRAPES.
Rules for grape culture from the
Experiment Station Record, United
States Department of Agriculture:
The main points in grape culture
re summarized as follows:
With a few exceptions grapes ot
the Lubrusca species, of which the
Coneord may be taken as the type,
re the most satisfactory for gen
A warm, rich, well drained Boll Is
the host for the grape.
Almost all vines should bo planted
t least eight feet apart.
Strong one-year-old vines are most
desirable for planting.
Thorough shallow cultivation Is es
ential.' . ,
The pruning of the first two year
must be done with Reference to the
system under which the vine Is to be
trained, after it begins fruiting. Dur
ing this time the vine should become
thorough'ly established. 1
The best time for the principal
pruning is soon after th'e leaves' drop
in autumn, but. prunmg can be done
M any time -driving the 'winter when
the vlneg are 'not! frozen. Summer
Pruning- consists-, in pinching lateral
branches' in order to- encourage the
development of the fruit-and the
bearing wood for the succeeding year.
1 The long arm, short spur system
(t training is usually the most satis
factory for the inexperienced grower,
but ther renewal systems are highly
The coining value of the gold ZZ
,Hver of the mints of the world in
a807 totaled 14,983,002,850.
Dr. Britton D. Evans, the brilliant
alienist, said at a recent dinner In
"Then there is the cunning lunatic,
of whom there used to exitt a good
example at Bridgetown.
"There wbb a half-witted youth In
Bridgetown to whom the neighboring
farmers liked to offer a penny and a
"Gathered about him In a circle on
market day the farmers, one after
another, would say:
" 'Now, whlrh'll yer have, Peter?
Here's a cent here's a nickel take
"And fool Peter would Invariably
choose the cent rather than the
nickel, and the farmers before such
Incredulous foolishness would roar
with laughter, double In two and slap
their legs noisily with their brown
"'Peter?' I said one day to the
lunatic, 'why is it that you always
take the cent Instead of the nickel?'
"Peter grinned a very cunning
" 'Suppose I took the nickel,' said
he, 'would I ever get a chance to take
another one?' " Washington Post.
Some people swell up on "emotion"
brewed from absolute untruth.
It's an old trick of the leaders of
the Labor Trust to twlat facts and
make the "sympathetic ones" "weep
at the Ice house." (That's part of
the tale further on.)
Gompers et al. sneer nt, spit upon
and defy our courts, seeking sympa
thy by falsely telling the people the
courtB were trying to deprive them of
free speech and free press.
Men can speak freely and print
opinions freely In this country and no
court will object, but they cannot be
allowed to print matter lis part of a
criminal conspiracy to injure and ruin
Gompers and his trust associates
started out to ruin the Bucks Stove
Co., drive Its hundreds of workmen
out of work and destroy the value of
the plant without regard to the fact
that hard earned money of men who
worked had been invested there.
The conspirators were told by the
courts to stop these vicious "trust"
methods (efforts to break the firm
that won't come under trust rule),
but instead of stopping they "dare"
the courts to punish them and de
mand new laws to protect them In
such destructive and tyrannous acts
as they may desire to do.
The reason Gompers and hU band
persisted in trying to ruin the Bucks
Stove Works was because the stove
company insisted on the right to keep
some old employes at work when "de
union" ordered them discharged and
some of "de gang" put in.
Now let us reverse the conditions
and have a look.
Suppose the company hnd ordered
the union to dismiss certain men from
their union and, the demand being re
fused, should Institute a boycott
against that union, publish its name
In an "unfair list," Instruct other
manufacturers all over the United
States not to buy the labor of that
union, have committees call at stores
and threaten to boycott if the mer
chants sold anything made to that
union. Picket the factories where
members work and slug them on the
way home, blow up their houses and
wreck the works, and even murder a
few members of tho boycotted union
to teach them they must obey the or
ders of "organized Capital?"
It would certainly be fair for the
company to do these things if lawful
for the Labor Trust to do them.
In such a case, under our laws the
boycotted union could apply to our
courts and the courts would order the
company to cease boycotting and try
ing to ruin these union men. Sup
pose thereupon the company should
sneer at the court and In open de
fiance continue the unlawful acts in
a persistent, carefully laid out plan,
purposely intended to ruin the union
and force its members into poverty.
What a howl would go up from the
union demondlng that the courts pro
tect them and punish their law-breaking
oppressors. Then they would
praise the courts and go on earning a
living protected from ruin and happy
In the knowledge that the people's
courts could defend thera. .
How could any of, us receive pro
tection from law-breakers unless the
courts have power to, and do punish
such men. , ; '
Tho . court' if ' placed n position
where It mmt do one.' thing or the
other pimlHli men who persist in de-,
tying .Its peace orders , or go out of
service, let 'anarchy - reign ' onl the
more powerful iteroy rile weaker.
Peaceable cltlzenB'. austain; ' the
courts as their defenders, whereas
thieves, forgers', buiiglar'B, crook's of
all kinds and violent members of lar
bor unions, hate them and. threaten
violence if their members are pun
ished for breaking the law. They
want the courts to let them go free
and at the same time demand punish
ment for other men - "outside de
union" when they break the law.
Notice the above reference
la to "violent" ' members of labor
unions. The great' majority of the
,'unheard" union men are peaceable,
upright citizens. The noisy, Violent
ones get Into office and the leaders of
the .great Labor Trust know-how to
mas this kind of men, in labor con-
There W No Answer.
At an important State function In
London blue tickets were Issued to
persons of high rank, admitting them
to that part of the hall reserved for
members of the royal family. Lews
distinguished guests received white
tickets. Through some mistakes an
Important public man received a blue
card, while his wife received a white
When the couple reached the audi
ence chamber there began to-be trou
blo, Inasmuch as tho lady firmly de
clined to be separated from hor hus
band. An aide endeavored to reason
with her, pointing out the dreadful
consequences that would follow a
mingling of blue and white.
"How absurd!" exclaimed the lady.
"What do you take ub for a seldllti
She was permitted to enter with
her husband. Everybody's Magazine.
"What are you going to give your
husband for Christmas?"
"Dear me, I don't know yet. 'You
see, I have no idea how much money
he Is going to let me have to buy It
with." Detroit Free Press.
ventions and thus carry out the lead
ers' schemes, frequently abhorrent to
the rank and file; so It was at the lato
The paid delegates would applaud
and "resolute" as Gompers wanted,
but now nnd then some of the real
woi-kingmcn insist on being heard,
sometimes at the risk of their lives.
Delegate, Egan is reported to have
said at tho Toronto convention:
"If the officers of the federation
would only adhere to tho law we
would think a lot more of them."
Tho Grand Council of the Provin
cial Worklngmen's Ass'n of Canada
has declared In favor of severing all
connection with unions In the U. S.,
saying "any union having Its seat of
Gov't In America, and pretending to
beJ international in its scope, must
fight Industrial battles according to
American methods. Said methods
have consequences which are abhor
rent to the law-nbldlng people of Can
ada Involving hunger, misery, riot,
bloodshed and murder, all of which
might bo termed a result of the prac
tical war now in progress In our fair
province and directed by foreign emis
saries of the United Miners of Amer
ica." That Is an honest Canadian view of
our Infamous "Labor Trust."
A few days ago tho dally papers
printed the following:
(By the Associated Press.)
Washington, D.C., Nov. 10. Char
acterizing the attitude of Samuel
Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank
Morrison, of the American Federation
of Labor In the contempt proceedings
In the courts of the District of Colum
bia, In connection with the Bucks
Stove and Range Company, as "a
willful, premeditated violation of the
law," Simon Burns, general master
workman of the general assembly,
Knights of Labor, has voiced a severe
condemnation of these three leaders.
Mr. Burns expressed his confidence in
courts in general and In those of the
District of Columbia In particular.
APr-KOVKD BY DELEGATES.
, This rebuke by Burns was in his
annual report to tho general assembly
of his organization. He received the
hearty approval of the delegates who
heard It read at their annual meeting
In this city.
"There Is no trust or combination
of capital in the world," said Mr.
Burns, "that violates laws oftener
than do the trust labor organizations,
which resort to more dishonest, un
fair and dishonorable methods to
ward their competitors than any trust
or combinations In the country."
Mr. Burns said the action of "these
so-called leaders" wo-,ld be hnrmful
for years to come whenever attempts
were made to obtain labor legisla
tion. "The Labor Digest," a reputable
worklngman's paper, Bays, as part of
an article entitled "The beginning of,
the end of Gomperslsm, many organi
zations becoming tired of the rule-or-ruln
policies which have been en
forced by the president of the. A. F.
"That he has maintained hjs leadership-
for so long a Jlme In the face
of his stubborn clinging to . policies
which the more tftoughtfuliof the
worklngmen have seen tof year's, must
be abumloned, has been ;pn account
partly, of, .the sentimental feeling on
,ttii part" of the organizatibns'thitt h
5nght not to be deposed, and the; un
willingness, ot thie men- who .went
mentioned .for the 'place,, tQ accept a
nomination in opposition to lilni. ' I it
'addition to"thls, there Is'no denying
the shrewdness of the leader .uf thai
A. F. of L., and his political sagacity;
which has enabled bira to keep a mm:
grip on the machinery of the organ!-;
zation, and to havehlg 'faithful hench
men In the positions where they could'
do him the most good whenever their
services might be needed. I
"Further than this, he has neveri
failed, at the last conventions, to have
some sensation to spring on me con
vention at the psychological moment,
which would plnce him in the light of
a martyr to the cause of unionism,
and excite a wave of sympathetic en
thusiasm for bim, which would carry
A Ma(m linntcr.
With forty-five notches in Ms
trusty gun ns reminders of his skill
In bringing down deer, "West" Ad
nniH, of Miles' Notch, up In Oxford
County, Is a typical hunter. Ho has
shot twenty-two bears In his life, and
he bus no mean helper In thn person
of his good wife-, who assists In set
ting tnips and can shoot, too. Both
are ardent naturalists and understand
wood lore thoroughly. A son of four
teen years has never seen an electric
car or stetini engine, but he can shoot,
and both he nnd his mother know
where tho fishing Is best in the moun
tain streams nenr their coney cabin
In the ravine, Kennebec Journal.
Waiting In Find Out.
Cincinnati TourlRt (who, for the
first time, has just entered a res
taurant In Paris) "Have you or
dered?" St. Louis Tourist, (who has reached
the tablo some minutes before, and
who looks up from u French bill of
fare) "Yes. "
Cincinnati Tom ist "What did you
St. Louis Tourist, (impatiently)
"How do I know?" Chicago News.
the delegates off their feet, and result
In his re-election.
"That his long leadership nnd thin
apparent impossibility to fill his place
has gone to his hend, and mado him
Imagine that he Is much greater a
man than he rwilly Is, Is undoubtedly
tho rneo, nnd accounts fur tho tnetles
he has adopted in dealing with ques
tions before Congress, where he bns
unnecessarily antagonized men to
whom organized labor must look for
recognition of their demands, and
where labor measures are often op
posed on account of this very nnlug
onlsm, whic h would otherwise receive
"There Is no doubt but what, or
ganized labor in tills country would
be much uti-ongcr wltb a leader who
was more in touch with conditions as
they actuiilly exist, and who would
bring to the front tho new policies
whleh organized labor nust adopt if
it. experts to even iiminiaiii Its present,
standing, to say nothing of making
We qunte portions of another nrtl
cle, u reprint, from the same labor
"Organized labor, through Its lead
ers, must recognize the mistakes of
the past If they expect to perpetuate
their organizations or to develop the
movement which they head. No
movement, no organization, no nation
can develop beyond the Intellects
which guide these organizations, and
If tho lenders nre dominated by a sel
fish motive the organization will be
come tinged with a spirit of selfish
ness, which has never appealed to
mankind in any walk of Ilfo at any
time since history began.
"It can lie said in extenuation of
certan leaders of organized labor that
the precarious position whleh they oc
cupy as leaders has had a tendency to
cause them to lose sight of the object
behind the organization. The natural
Instinct In man for power and posi
tion is In no small measure responsi
ble for the mistakes of the leaders,
not necessarily In labor unions ulone,
but in every branch of society, 'fills
desire for power und leadership and
personal aggrandizement causes men
who have been earnest and sincere in
their efforts In the start to deterior
ate Into mere politicians whose every
act nnd utterance Is tinged with the
ilesh-c to enter to the linser pnioiiN
of the working majority in the socle
ties or organizations and this is un
doubtedly true when applied to the
present leaders of the Federation.
We mention the Federation of Labor
particularly In this article because
that organization Is the only organi
zation of lalMir which lias yet louml
Itself in direct opposition to the laws
of the land. There are other organi
zations of labor whose leaders have
made mistakes, but they have always
kept themselves nnd their organiza
tions within the bounds of the law
and respected the rights of every
other man in considering the rights
of themselves and their constituency;
whereas, the motto of tin Federation
is lust the reverse, and unless the
lenders conform themselves and their
organization In accordance with tho
laws of the land, the1 leaders and tho
organization. itself mtmt bo disinte
grated and pass Into history, for in
America the-common' settso-'in man
kind la .developed, .to. .a, greater extent
than In any other ha'tjon on tho earth,
and', the'lerflelf vrjio are the court of
lastj resort in this country, will never
allow any system to develop In this
country which (Joes not meet with the
approval 6f the majority of the ciU
zenj of the Country: ' ' '
"This must have foreeil Itself unnn
J the leaders of' the Federation by this
lltime. " If ft' has not, the leaders must
;be eliminated.'' 1 he- organization
Iwhlch t,hey head has done many nierl
toripns things in, times past and the
;peoplo are always ready nnd willing
!Ho Acknowledge" the benefits whleh
itheir efforts havo brought to their
constituency as a whole, but at tho
.present time labor organizations in
general, and the Federation of Labor
in particular, stand before the bur of
public opinion, haying been convicted
of srllltdmeKH ami u disposition to ruin,
nil the jH'opIn of tho country In tho
interest of tho few. The people are
Tho OiTtH-i litfldWI.
Miss Carey Thomas, (die head t
Bryn Mawr College, said at a dinner
In Philadelphia that coUeo girts
chu better and also wealthier hus
bands than other girl.
Miss Carey Thomas, after insian
ing a number of Bryn Mawr gtrjs
whose marriages had been In ey
way ideal, told a story of the so f
olio of then. Bryn Mawr girls.
"Ho catno home a few days before
Christmas," she said, "from a ?lnit ta
" 'Mother,' hn crl-d, 'do you knew
that Fwoddy U an infidel?'
"His mother toughed.
" 'An Infidel? How an infldel, my
son?' sho asked.
" 'Ho doesn't bellve In Stia
Claus,' m the ihocked rettly."
The Death Watch.
The "death watch" that produces
the weird tickings formerly so much
feared Is nothing more or less than a
mischievous and destructive little bee
tle madly In love and very detjlroua-of
finding its mate. Thn Is the fallioy
of our ancestors regarding this mys
tery dispelled. Strnnd,
patient and awaiting to six! if the ob
ject lesson whleh they have been
forced to give to thPR leaders is gornf
to be recognized and If they are gotag
to conform themselves and their fu
ture work and actions In accordance
Let tho people remember that com
ment, "The Federation of Labor la
particular stands before the bar of
public opinion having been convlctnj
of selllslim-ss and a disposition to rubs
all the people, of tho country In the
Interest of the few."
Thn great HU per cent, of Ameri
cans do not take kindly to the acts of
tyranny by these trust leaders openly
demanding that all people bow down
to the rules of thn Labor Trust, aid
we are treated to the humiliating
spectacle of our lifingrcss and evisn
the Chief Kxcrutiveeiitcrdiining these
convicted law-lireakers and Iwtcuilng
with consiileratloa to their insolent
demands that tho very laws bn
cli a lured to allow tle-m to safely carry
on their plan of gaining control over
the affairs of the people.
The sturdy workers of America,
have Mime to know the truth about
these "martyrs sacrificing themselvHH
In thn noble! cause of labor," hut. IrNs
only the hysterical ones who swell iu
and cry over the aforesaid ''heroear, '
reminding one of the two romantfa
elderly maids who, weeping copiously,
were discovered by the old janitor at
"What Is It ails you, ladles?"
Taking the handkerchief from oni
swoll'-n red eye, between sobs sho said:
"Why, wo have go long revered the
memory of George Washington thift
we feel It a privilege to coma here
and weep at his tomb."
"Yas'in, yas'ni, yo' shore has a de
sire to pNpresa yo' sympathy, but yo'
are overflow-In' at da wrong spot, yo'
is weepln' at de lee house."
Don't get maudlin nbniit law-lu-eak-ers
who must be punished if tho very
existence of our peoplo Is to be main
tained. If you have any surplus sympathy
It can tie Pitended to the honest workr
crs who continue to earn food when
threatened and are frequently hurt
and sometimes killed before tire
courts can intervene to protect thenj.
Now the Labor Trust leaders de
mand of Congress that the courts bp
stripped of power to issue injunctions
to prevent them from assaulting or
perhaps murdering men who dare
earn a living when ordered by the Lrt
bofr Trust to quit work.
Don't "weep at the lee House" and
don't permit any set of law-breakers
to bully our courts, if ynur voice ar(l
vote can prevent. Be sure nnd wrlf-
your Representatives and Senators th
Congress asking them not to veto for
any measure to prevent tha courts '
from protecting homes, property and
persons from attack by paid agents of
this great Labor Trust.
Let every render write, and write
Don't sit silent and allow the or
ganized and paid irrnn of thin great
trust to force Congress to believe they
represent the great masses of tha
American people, Say your say and
let your 'representatives In Congress
know that you do not want to be gov
erned under new laws which would
empower the Labor Trust leaders
with legal right to tell you when to
work, 'Where! For whom! At. what
price! What to buy! What not to
buy! Whom to vote for! How much
you shall pay per month in fees to the
Labor Trust! etc., etc., etc.
This power Is now being demanded
by the; irassagn of laws in Congress.
Tell your Senators and Representa
tives plainly that you don't want thera
to voto for-any measure that will al
low any set of men either represent
ing Capital or Labor to govern an4
dictate to the common people, who
prefer to be free to go and come,
work or not, and vote for whom they
Every man's liberty will disappear
when the leaders of tha great Labor
Trust or nny other trust can ride
rough shod -over peoplo and mam
their forces to prevent our court
from affording protection.
"There's a Reason."
C. W. POST, Battle Creek, Mich.
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