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NKW EM'KniMUSK, KsuMUhrd 1WH
MADISON ltKC()l(lli:i,l-uMlpihil MU. CONSO .IDAri'.IJ Juntas, IWK. Madison, Florida. PUBLISHED WEEKLY. PtnW-ird at the MtilUnn ln.1 Office f(V' t l .vi Miller June 2S, IHdS, mi'lcr AU ol M.m h 3, 1U. COLUMBUS B. SMITH. Editor. rASitttMTiitioi. ti.on icr venr. Ailvi'i ri.tcH mU'lf knitivn ot, . til icat (On. Cnrrrsl m nil! pli-.l-e wnli- nn t.nlv line alile of the Ittt lirifl in vimr turn, 1m uivf cvvrv il mm. We ilfi-t have thr n.iiiH'iilpviTvt'i or, mil fur pul'lirittliin. It'll lli.it we niiv k'i. arM-npimU-'tt e it. nittltrnliC. Al' nintiitini'ii inuini in i .ii will int. I .1 It'itiie i .01' Wrfsle ! Al'lre.. :il''titni'"iiiii ittiniii. lo IIIK NfcW KNTKHIMIIT, Miitiihon, l;iii tit fif n hi THCKSDAY, I-FJJRfAKV 17, l'.UO. Tlie annual meeting of tlie Florida Press Association will be held in Luke City on Monday and Tuesday, April 11th and 12tli. We don't like to make prr.mises so far in tlie future, but we are KtVmtf to be tlit-rc 'or bust a trace." The deadlock in the Missis-i ! ti legislature continues, but a "dark horse" has lieun entered .n the race for United S' Sf-nalor and jierliajis be I o re jiiany days a winner will be shoved across t;ie linr n d Var htitati still li ijn-- that be will be 1 he winner. One hundred and one doable Iny loads of confetti were shov eled up by the street cleaning force of 1'ensacola following the iecond day of the Mardi Gras letivities in that city. Gra cious, what a bi ti ne those Pensacola peonle must have had with their little old carnival. The b'l' battleship "Florida," one of the largest and most pow. erfuTin the navy, is rapidly ap proaching completion and will ke ready for lauBching early in May. Miss Elizabeth Fleming iA Jacksonville, daughter of the late Govennor F P.Fleming, Has teen selected by Governor Gil christ as sponsor for the vessel. Judge Bascom H Palmer of Lake City our own judge has tome out flat tooted for the nomination of judges and state attorney by the direct vote of tlie people in opposition to the recent ruling of the State Com mittee that the names of the candidates for these official po sitions should cot appear on the tickets to be voted in the coming primaries. Having failed utterly as a political prophet Tom Apple yard of the Lake City Index now essays the role of philosopher and solaces himseli with the following: "Ex.gjvernor Brow ard has announced for l he United States Senate, contrary to pre dictions made that be would not. He will be defeated this time, asbefore.and Hke McGintv will go to the bottom of the po litical sea, and we regret this, vecause personally we like the Vig brained ex-governor." Tbe Jacksonville Metropolis evidently doesn't consider Claude L'Engle as a factor in the senatorial fight, A car'.oon in that paper of last Friday had candidates Taliaferro and Brow ard running a neck and neck liorse race for the senatorial jroal (Taliaferro slightly in the Jead) and Judge Reeves unhors ed in the rear, and L'Engle not even pictured. Perhaps t h e Metropolis has the situation correctly sized up but we want to venture an opinion that at the final post it will be found that L'Engle is in the running, jat leat. f That was a polite rebuke giv en by Senator Bankhead of Ala bama to Senator Hey burn of Idaho in the Senate the other day. The Idaho man had de livered a bitter speech in which lit; took occasion to wave the bloody shirt and all because the organization of Confederate Vet erans had requested the loan by the government of a few army tents for the use of Veterans at their annual re- union to be held in Mobile next summer. When theldnho man had finished his harangue Senator Bankhead re marked that perhaps the gentle, man felt better, and that was enough said. The resolution passed the Senate by the vote of every democrat and every re publican with the lone exception of that of the Idaho Senator And that was another gentle but timely rebuke. The Gainsville Sun advise tossible canidates for oflice as fol,'ows:"CaiTidates in the com ing primary should carefully read the new primary election aw. Contributions ol any kind are forbidden after you have be come a canidate for ofli:e, so you had better pay the preacher what you promised him before you make your announcement You also have to make a Sivorn statement of your expenditures for campaign pur poses be to re and after the primary. Be pre pared tocoinply with the law in every particular, as your op ponent may take advantage of your nejflect and keep your name off the ticket at the last moment." The West Florida senatorial candidates seem to be unfortu nate. Judge Blount, who enter ed the political race with a grand flourish of trumpets and pronounced indications of stav ing qualities, at least, found af ter a few weeks that he couldn't remain until the end, and now Judge Reeves has found it neces. sary because of impaired health to retire trora the race also. Judges Reeves' withdrawal fol lowed closely the positive an nouncement of ex-Governor Broward's candidacy. There may be nothing in that fact but it is rather suggestive , Thirty-six thousand, six hun dred and forty dollars andeigbly cents, the annual interest on the State School Fund, was ap portioned to the several coun ties by State Superintendent Holloway last week. Of this amount Madison county with ai attendance of three thousand, four hundred and seyenty-seven pupils, received one thousand. two hundred and fifty one do! lars and seventy-two cents, oi ibirty-six cents per pupil. Jefferson county hasorganiz ed a Fair Association, the pur pose being to bold another, but more extensive, county fair next fall. Here's where the Jefferson county folks are doing some thing. They have been asleei many years but they are now a wake to the advantages which their county have to offer and they are going about in the right way to exhibit their resource to the world.. Madison count) would find profit in doing like. wise. By a handsome maioritv Judee S. A. Roddenberrv, the prohibi tion whirlwind of Thomasville, was elected over his several op ponents to Congress from the second Congressional district of Georgia last weelr. Judge Rod denberry has many admirers and mends in Florida who are grail fied because of bis success in the congressional campaign. In Memory of James C Webb. Committee appointed by Bethel Camp, No. 102, W.O. W., sulinii' the following In memory of .Tame C. Webb, who departed this life Folruary 4th, 1910. The deceased was twenty-five years of age. II was n farmer ami was very successful In his vocation. He was known as a quiet and pecca ble hi 'in and all who knew hi in attest his amiable disposition and tempera ment and regret bis untimely de cease. He was taken ill- about n week before his death and IIioiirIi attended by gold physicians his initi ally was fatal. A few days before his (lcpaiuii (though coiiHcious of appmaeliini. dissolution and being in his rljihi mind) he talked freely of his Imp' ami pr ispeets for a brighter win' iietter home. He tnng "Jesus, L-iv er of My Soul," "Nearer My ("' lo Thee," and "Will there he n Stars in my Crown, and appeared to be willing to (fo. lie leavts s willow hikI 1 i i tic chilli. This Cnmp, of which he wns a; honored member, deenly regret i lib loss jel l extends sympathy lo tij In renvo i. W.T. Kent, II. 1!. M 'Daniel, V. .). (ii:ni, J. E. Williams, Com mi lit e. Hamlet l.ttd ii)lniiehoy, probably cmised by sr inactive liver. A bid 11 'er makes out i-roFB unJ irrit ible, causes mental and ph)ni.':il di-picsoio and inuy result dis. Hstrouslv. Ballard's Herbine in ac knowledged to be the perfect liver reg ulutur. If ycu'r blue nnd out of sort net a Unite to day. A poetive cure for bilious headuche, constipation. Chill, and fever and all liver complaint. Sold by W. U. Davis. IT'S JUST LIKE FINDING MONEY To get our estimate on JOB RRINTING We Print Anything From a Visiting Csrd to a Book :: :: :: YMDOUGlftS $33JL0&$4SH0ES BDY5, THE LARGEST MAKER AND RETAILER OF MEN'S FINE SHOES IN THE WORLD. " SUPERIOR TO OTHER MAKES." worn w- Ooul .hews for th put ! rar. md alwayt find they mr far uiwrior to all oth.r hl.h crada .ho-,. In tula, comfort and durability. w. 0. JONES tit u. ," Howard Av... Utlca. N.Y. If I could talco you into my largo fac- toriot at Brockton, Mam, and show you how carofully W. L. Douglas .Hoe. aro mad, yoa would raalizo why thoy bold thoir snap, fit bettor, wear longer, end re of greater value than any other make. iIno",.",,,1, wiIotilM nunaam pnas a mid on tlm bolloin. Take No HulraUtala. vrtlrfor Mail Order Catalog. W.L, Denial aWoettea, vox Mxairr T. J. Beggs & Co. SHOES. BAD R0ADSC0STLY. Responsible For Hunger and Illit eracy In the United States. GREAT HANDICAP TO FARMERS Thay Buffer Heavy Loaits Getting Their Products to Market Over III Kept Roads Land Values Advance With Improved Roadways. Two hundred and fifty million dol lars a yenr are wasted ou bad ronds In the Vnlted Stales. Added to loss ou haul, the storage and extra food rates make the total expense $1,000,000,000 a year. This means a tax of $12.50 on every man, woman and child In tlie country. Corners In the grain markets nre frequently the direct result of had ronds. In four bad road states 375,0(10 people out of 7,000,000 cannot rend or BmAL IIOAD BKFOICK IUPI10VEMHNT., write. In four Rood road states out of 11.000.000 DoDiiIatlun there nie 0.- 000 illiterates. l)o good roads concern yon? If yon are one of tha 30,000.000 people who live on farms In the United Slates It Is a fairly safe guess that you know something about bad roads, even if you do not know and hare never chanced to cross the 7 per cent of Im proved roads of the total ii.OOO.OOO mues or ntguway in me i nitea suites. America's country roads are so no toriously bad that It costs more to haul a ton of wheat from farm to mar ket than to ship that ton from New York to Liverpool. America's country roads are so bad that It costs the American farmer 23 cents to haul a ton when It costs the English or the Belgian or the French or the Cerman former only from 7 to 0 cents for the same haul. You, Mr. Town Man. and you, .Mr. Farmer, pay for the unneces sary waste of those bad roads, the town mau by extra cost of what be eats, the farmer by leswened profits on what he Kells. The same reason ex plains why the town man pays fl.20 In spring for potntoes which cost from B0 to 75 cents In tbo autumn. The Interstate commerce report shows that the railroads yearly haul 305,000,000 tons of farm produce and thnt the average haul from farm to market for tbo whole country Is nine and a fraction miles. lut the cost of hauling at a round $2 a ton for the nine miles and you have the cost of hauling farm produce at a round half billion dollars a year. Half that cost Is waste, solely owing to bad roads. The charge to haul wheat from New York to Liverpool, 8,100 miles, Is 3.5 cents per bushel. The charge to haul a bushel of wheat from farm to mar ket, 8.4 miles, Is 5.11 cents. The stor age on wheat at water fronts Is 0 cents a bushel a year. The results of bad roads nra yearly tolls of ?12.5i) against every person who eats farm produce. That yearly waste would build 200,000 miles of Al macadam roads every year, basing the cost at the very highest overage of f 5,000 a mile. The beauty of the relentless scheme of things Is when we mend our ways In this case, mend our roads nature not only wipes out the deficit, but she puts a plus to the account where there used to be a minus. Supposing of the 2,000,000 miles of ronds in the United States all were Improved Instead of only 7 per cent, what would be the result to farmer and consumer? First of all, the big deficit of waste on haul, on storage, on cornered prices, wiped ont! The minus goes oft the- national late and the plus comes on. The good mad moves the remotest farm right next to the market. A farm twenty miles from the market on an all the year round good road Is nearer market than a farm seven miles away on a bad road. Truck farmers In New Jersey and Long Island can haul their produce to market, thirty miles, cheap er than they can ship by railroad, and that produce nets, according to well known averages, as follows: Fruit. $80 per acre; flowers, $2,000 per acre; corn, $8 per acre; wheat, $7 per acre; oats, $7 per acre; vegetables. $42 per acre. Out in the Dakotaa and Minnesota and Manitoba farmers haul their prod Bet thirty and forty milea, bat they can baul It omly whan the roods sre dry In the early fall, and at that season the price s lowest. T.he fnrmerjlonjjhe good road can command the best dm by hauling only when the price Is bw and be can also raise the produce tt? gives blgftest net returns. If you wJf learn why a whole family can live .TJ live well, off an acre In Holland' Z Belgium and France when a faJS often falls to live wefl off loo acres Z America. With good roads Dakota faro,,, who under present conditions driI hub deep in gumbo mud during sprint could market their crops when prta. ruled the highest. Instead of seim!, their wheat at 70 and 80 com. the fall they could sell It at $i Ing the winter and In the Bprin An oddltlonal price of even 25 cenu bushel would mean $15,000,000 more In the pockets of the Minnesota farmed a similar amount to the farmers of tb Dakotas and to the wheat farmers of the raclflc coast New York farmers do not raise vpge. tobies in quantities because until re cently ronds did Dot permit them to market such a perishable product it quantities. This holds good lu -ew Enpland. The snmo condition cilsn lu the cow country and the grain coun try. Potatoes and onions jour Dakott farmer can market in nunmitiet. Therefore he raises thein, but bcc,ium bud roads cut hlin oft from the market half the year ho docs nut raise ijj, mora perishable vegetables. Vcceu bles ho V.uys from fallfuniin at fancj prices, another tax for had ronds. In fact, owing to bad roads, there have hl-vii rriii-iiim iii-u .M.-tv 101 ivPI'S wore I pn.vlns SI a bushel for their 'otaici and western farmers were tl.id to sen them nt 15 cents for pig feed aud stinvh. With nccess to market and best rul Ins prices, net returns Increase and farm lands Jump In value. It Is nn actual fact wherever good roads have pme lnnd has increased in value from $2 to $0 an acre. lu Jackson county, Ala., a bond Issue of $250,000 built 125 miles of macadam road. The sell Ing price of laud was from ?tJ to $15 before the road was built, Oa the completion laud values went up from $13 to $25. Tbo effect of good roads on school ' attendance needs no proof. In the live states having the best roads the aver nge attendance Is 77 per cent of en rollment. In the five states having the fewest good roads the attendance 1 averages only 59 per cent With these. figures on schools it It Dot surprising to find that Ignorance and bad ronds go together. In the four bnd roads states, with a total population of 7,000,000, are 375,000 men and women, white and native bora, who can neither read nor write. In four good roads states, with a popu lation of 0,000,000, are only 20,000 Illit erates. The movement for good roada Is so recent that It need not be retallenj here. AVhea colonists first came to America the roads followed buffalo trails and Indian wilderness paths. Al farms became fenced roads ran aloni between boundaries without regard to the shortest distance or grade, and these were kept in order (or disorder) by statute labor farmers turning out for a day once a year for a road pic nic, filling in holes that ought to have been filled In months previously, auk erlug nnd trifling away time with no special director. The results were what might have been expected. Men do not employ blacksmiths as doctors, and why should farmers be supposed to possess the technical knowledge of on engineer? Duriug various wars two or three good roads were hacked through the wilderness across coun try, from New York up to Boston along the old post road, from the riA-.'i'j ''''"'Vjr Jlf'S'l TBS SAMS UOAD IMPROVED. Cumberland mountains west to St Louis, from Virginia up through Penn sylvania to Pittsburg and when emi gration began to roll westward from' St. Louis to Oregon. With these ex ceptions the highways of the United States were a system of pig track trails. Then came the great railroad build ing era down to 1880, when public roads were forgotten In tha expecta tion that railroads would supplant them, but as population grew the ne cessity for roads to link farm with market became dally more insistent Agnes C. Laut In Collier's. His Chance. Little Boy I w ant a dose of castor, oil. Druggist Do you want tha kind you can't taste? Little Boy (anxioas to get even) No, sir; It's for mother, j Silence Is one of the hardest aril" meats to refute.-BllUng.