ZSW of -vwu
r ieaas to utner excesses t.ven wore
Rv Prof. fenks, the Sociologist, of Cornell
HK evils of cigarette smoking from the physical side M lJ
luBtrated by careful medical investigations In a laree 'a8t'
r'sj em university during a period of nine years were
I I It was shown that non users of cigarettes gained physically
I I about 25 percent more than cigarette smokers.
w I The habit, nsnoclallv In earlv years, leads to excesses In
other directions that are oven more deleterious. A similar
effect seems to be felt on scholarship. As a rule, with of
cnni-ao lniiiviiiiijii oTPontinna tha nil round scholars of the
highest attainments, like the all round athletes of the highest grade, either
abstain totally or are very temperate In the use of tobacco.
It was estimated by the committee of fifty that not less than a billion
dollars a yeur was expended in the use of Intoxicating liquors, a very consider
able proportion of which, from the point of view of economic productivity 1
absolutely lotst, to say nothing of the direct diseases and the weakening tnnji
ence which tends to increase the fatality of other diseases upon the public
Remedies for all these evils are In part the same. Legislation can do some
thing in the way of preventing temptation being placed before tho weak. Where
the chief Incentive to many of the worst forma of the evil are due to greed on
ue part of those actively promoting It, much can be done In legislation to
make the business unprofitable and dangerous, and this should often be done.
No more sentiment regarding absolute right and absolute WTong should be
allowed to stand In the way of effective checking of the evil. Measures should
be encouraged which will be effective. The chief remedy, however, along all
these lines must bo education In early youth regurdtng the nature of the evils
themselves, and especially the education which will lead toward habits of self
denial and self control for the purpose of the attainment of a higher degree of
efficiency, personally and socially.
Savages and Maps
They ?re Wont to Trace Courses with
By Faoey Clarke
N view of the controversy as to the ability of the two young
Eskimos who accompanied Dr. Cook In his quest for the pole
to trace their wanderings on a map when shown them, an
Incident which occurred to me In Alaska may be of interest
Having left Copper City at the Juncture of the Klutlna
a- anu topper Kivers we una united ana rowed aown me iauer
until we came to an Indian encampment, wntre we stoppea ror
tiitsaissa tho nlgbt. That there were copper deposits In or near tne
Copper IUver Valley had been a persistent rumor, Bnd more
for our own entertainment than for any valuable information which we hoped
,U obtain, we spread out a large map that had been drawn for us by an en
gineer, who bad been through this section of Alaska, and drew the attention of
:Oux Indian hosts to it. We had taken care that the indicated north of the map
'should agree with the true north, as we looked at It, so as to simplify matters,
and then we pointed to the Copper River flowing silently beside us, and to Its
drawn counterpart upon the map. We watched them narrowly as they scan
ned the map, a light broke ovar their faces, they talked volubly together, point
ed to a distant peuk, then Blowly found It on the map. Our supreme test was
now to be made; taking a nugget of Peacock copper It was shown to them,
then placed upon the map, and moved from point to point along the various
mountain ranges; finally they pushed It aside, when the oldest Indian, with
a long, lean forefinger traced down the Copper River to the mouth of another
stream; up this the finger slowly traveled, stopping, then advancing. We
seemed In the presence of a medium; finally the finger left the river course
and followed a range of hills, then stopped at one of the higher levels, and, with
a grunt of satisfaction, the Indian looked up and smiled.
Subsequently events proved the accuracy of his Information, as copper
deposits of va t value were found In this locality, and railroads are being built
from Valdez, Alaska, to transport this copper to tidewater.
In all ages the untutored savages have recorded their doings by pictures
and signs, so that It would seem to be a primitive instinct. What more natural,
therefore, than that the KBltlmos should bo able to trace their marches with
Dr. Cook upon a mapT
t r si t i i
Kjejorm or Jtooiisn i
By R. IV. Barktey
HB recent fatalities on the football field must lead either to
euch modification of the piny as to render It "safe and sane"
or to the total abolition of the "sport." "Butchered to make a
Roman holiday" Is the scornful comment of us "moderns' oa
the old gladiatorial shows, but wherein are we any better
than the old Romans? Their age made no hypocritical pre
tonses to extra-goodnoss, but was frankly out to see men die.
The trouble with our college "sporta" is that they are In too
many case commercialized to the last degree and but thinly
veil the expectation that life will be sacrificed for the dollar.
A friend was in Bermuda last February for several weeks and while there
.witnessed a real football game, and says that he never enjoyed a game so much
as that one, where the Individual had a show to display his skill and dexterity.
:fhe ball could not be touched by the hand or any part of the arm below the
'shoulder, and he tells me that the expertness with which those players would
catch the ball on the head or the back of the neck and thus "kick" it was a
Bight to see. Of course, they also kicked it with their feet, but there was no
Utckllng, no throwing of one another down, do front teeth eliminated, and no
Reform It or destroy it, say I.
Bacon Is your boy In college T
"What position Is he fitting him
self for in life?"
"I'm not quite sure whether It'
laird base or left field!" Yonkere
Alcohol was discovered In the 13th
A Very Queer Man.
"He has a queer way of celebrating
-What Is it?"
"Instead of blowing all his money in
foollshnesa he goes around paying his
bill," Louisville Cot trier-Journal.
THE HONORLCSS PROPHET.
Jed Hawkins knowed a bank a well as
any man or men
I ever see, nlthoUKh he wasn't workln
nt It then;
He did nil klnin o tlnkorln" bat any
Hummer day , ,
Me um-il to stun' nn' talk finance In his
Ha nowed what's wronn with currency,
on' what we orto do
T' make. It more elastic for til" needs o
me in' you.
But when they not a new cashier, they
paid one'round an' hlfth
T come on from sumo city bank an
passed Jed Hawkins by.
Jod Hawkins knowed a dry goods store, 1
suess from A to I,
An' knowed department stores, which
was his specially.
He'd been all through, til Hrosdwsy
tores nn' had th" sy1eni down
80 fine he thoUKht with baikln' he could
run one here In town.
Ho used V often stand In front on sunny
days an' fine
An' tell how he knowed dry goods stores
from ladles' salts to twine;
But when they Rot a manager for our
one store here, why
They not one from outside somewhere
and passed Jed Huwatns by.
Jed Hawkins knowed newspaper work, I
RUeRH Ithunt an well
As any editor that walks, an' t have
heerpil him full
About TIT Times an' Trlbhyoon, them
onys wnen Dig men run
Th papers as they orto be, an' Dana
hurt Th' Rtin
Why, all that kept Jed off en them was
oein nere. air so
Th papers never heered o' him, an' so
he Harl no h,.w
But when Th' plketown Courier was short
a writer, why
They hired soin smoothfaced colleged
kid, an, passed Jed Hawkins by.
Jed Hawkins said a good, live man such
as he had In view
Would run 'bout half our business men
rhiht onten town be knew;
An sei h a bank ns he woild run, rig-lit
from th' hat's fust drop
Would make th' old Cornelanters Bank
go some or shut up shop.
An Jeii he ain't much disturbed because
they pass him by,
An said II s plain to any one to see th'
A prophet," Jed snys, looltln' wise up
at th' town hall dome,
A prophet Rita no honor Jlst as Ions'
as lie stays home!"
J. W. Foley, In the New York Times.
During the course of his aeronau
tic experiments Santos Dumout alto
getker constructed 14 airships.
J B7 EllzaM. W. Gcrrilsoi
Pamella snubbed me unmercifully
when she roturned from Philadelphia,
That's where she met the prince. Also
she gave me an earache on the sub
ject of that worthy's charms and vir
tues. Impressed by Pamclla's elo
quence I was beginning to admire the
chap myself. But Pamella overdid It.
In her enthusiasm she ndowed his
royal hlghneBS with more good quali
ties than any one man could possess,
and still retain a residence on this
mundane sphere. So I doubted.
"How do you know he's a prince?"
Pamella eyed me pityingly. "Of
course, Billy," this sweetly, "you
would not know. But one accustomed
to royalty could tell at once."
I took no notice of Pamclla's sar
casm; I had grown Immune by now.
"Royalty!" sneered I. "Where's all
the fuss and unroar the advent of roy
alty would cause? What's muzzled the
press? Do you think it would remain
dumb if a member of Italy's royal
family were loose among us without
"Oh ,of course, he isn't one of the
reigning family," Pamella hastened to
explain. "His family, though, by
rights ought to be in possession of the
"Ah! I see; a pretender." I remark
ed. "No o; that Is, not a real pretend
er," corrected Pamella ambiguously.
"He says he could not bring himself
to the point of making a public de
mand for bis rights. The quarrel
that would ensue would be distasteful
"Afraid to fight?" I ventured.
"Not he," defended Pamella. "He's
as brave as as anything. And by the
way, Billy, why do you and Jim al
ways go smooth shaven? Now the
prince has the darllngest mustache
pointed at the ends and turned up.
And he has those beautiful melting
black eyes. But wait till you see him.
He is to be with the Iathams the
20th, We are to have him here on the
22d. Mamma is going to ask a few
people to meet him and Jim Is com
Jim is Pamelia's brother. He and I
graduated together and are chums.
That explains my footing In the fam
ily. Pamella lapsed Into silence, and
was smiling In anticipation of the
event she had Just mentioned. As I
looked at her I thought this had gone
about far enough. Why wouldn't It be
a good Idea to get down to cold facts
with Pamella, before the prince got
another inning? I thought It would,
bo I made a beginning.
"Do you know, Pamolla," I said criti
cally, "that you are getting to be a
Pamella shuddered and looked at me
coldly. "If you intended that for a
compliment, you should have labelled
It as such,' she said scathingly. "It
waa clumsy very clumsy. Now the
prince is an adept at complimenting,
he does it so artistically."
"Daubs it on with a brush?" I askd
Innocently, but waa Ignored.
"He says,' went on Pamella, smiling
remlBiscentlr, "that my hair Is Ilk
spun gold; that my eye are blue a
the sky above Capri."
"Isn't indigo where you get the real
thing in blue?" I Interrupted. Again I
"And be says," Pamella dimpled de
llclously, and turned rosy, "that my
tooth are whiter than the ivory of
India, and that my lips rival the red
of the ruby."
"That's no compliment," I Jeered.
"That's an alliteration."
"And when he speaks of love,' re
aumed Pamella, not even smiling nt
my remark, "he speaks in the lang
uage of the poet"
"His sayings are original," informed
"I'll bet he calls it 'lofe and dif
fuses the delicate odor of garlic with
every breath," I flung out
"Really, Billy," reproved Pamella,
"you're growing spiteful,"
A bunch of lnveterates arrived Just
then for quantities of afternoon tea,
so I bolted for the club, anathematiz
ing that prince roundly.
On the night of the 22d the prince
and the Lathams were a little late. Pal
mella was at pne end of the room
surrounded by a cordon of admirers,
and surrounded by a few pretty girls
ready to pick up any stray admiration
that Pamella did not want. Being
barred as an admirer, I stood out
side the pale talking to Jim, when
the butler pompously announced the
prince. Afterwards he mentioned tho
The prince Bpotted Pamella and
went toward hor smiling. I was facing
him and got a good chance to size
him tip. There was something fam
iliar the upturned pointed mustache,
the molting black eyes.
Jim turned and then looked nt him
looked and then Bmlled blandly.
"Good evening, Tony," he t-ald, and
then turned carelessly away.
I knew him now. He had been bar
ber .bootblack and general servant to
some of us follows at Weld. Ho quit
when he hit the lottery for $10,000, and
none of us had seen him since. Evl-
dently society had appealed to him. l"
expected to see him wilt at once, but
Instead he puffed himself out like a
peacock and glared nt Jim.
Jim turned on him again. "I paid
good evening, Tony," he repeated
pointedly and there wbb a hard gleam
in his eye that Tony probably had
seen before. At any rate he cowered.
He face went pasty white, and after
one last languishing look at Pamella,
he faded away.
"Good barber, that Tony," laughed
Jim. "As a prince he's a joke."
Pamella turned giddy and was as
sisted to her room by the supporting
party of pretty girls. Mis. Latham
fainted outright, and was carded for
by a bevy of overjoyed matrons.
When she was able she went home.
Pamella came down again shortly, and
It was about midnight, I guess, when
I cornered her In a conservatory.
"Well, anyhow," she replied to my
taunts, "he had the loveliest eyes!"
"I'll concede him that,' I said, "his
eyes were certainly all right. They
were not blind to your cnarms."
"Huh!" said Pamella scornfully,
"rank flattery." But all the same Bhe
looked mightily pleased.
"And now that this distressing af
fair Is over," said I, edging a little
closer, "we are going to announce our
"0 oh, are we?" said Pamella, and
although she sat up stiffly and elevated
her chin several degrees, I noticed
that her voice was a trifle subdued.
Encouraged by this tact, I plunged
on boldly. "Yes. I've waited long
enough. I've seen Tom, Dick" and
Harry come and go, to say nothing of
And then, I don't know how Ip the
world I ever mustered up the courage,
but the next minute I was holding
Pamella in my arms, Kissing those
adorable lips. Boston PoBt.
WILD BEA8T8 IN CITY PARK.
Mink, Marten and Rabbits Return t
Their Former Haunts.
Park guards were surprised yester.
day to learn of the presence of mink
and marten In all the glory of their
rich winter fur ambling among tha
squirrels, rabbits and chlpmunkB. The
latter animals abound along the creek
and throughout the woods generally
more plentiful than in a number of
years. They are quite sb wild as their
brothers in the deeper forest, except
that they are accustomed to the nolBsa
of carriages and other vehicles that
pass along the drive.
Rabbits are also enjoying Becurlty
from the gunner in the protected park
and may frequently be seen, sleek and
fat, springing among the bushes and
undergrowth ot the upper Wlesahlck
on. The chipmunk, with his brown
and gold and red striped back anj
cunning eyes, is there in as large num
bers as the rabbit and seems more In
different to danger. Between the new
Walnut lane bridge and the first wood
en bridge above it crossing the creek
the noise of the squirrels gnawing,
with a tick, tick, tick, on a nutshell
or their frequent calls of alarm to each
other rings out through the woods, and
the location of the animals can be
traced b ythe noise they make.
Attention was attacted yesterday by
a particularly loud crackling on the
buuw, auu uneu lenves uuu iwu men -stood
In cover expecting to see a rab
bit out foraging. To their surprise,
however, a large purple head wai
thrust out of the undergrowth, then
followed sinuously a long body of the
richest brown which could hardly be
distinguished from the purple, while a
tall of beautiful black shiny fur com
pleted the body of a full grown mink
He was fat and well fed and his coat
looked as If It had been groomed
by an expert barber. His seallike head
and small eyes gave the appearand
of gross ignorance, but a motion to
ward him soon showed he was quite an
Intelligent creature. He dived quickly
among the rocks and undergrowth that
prohibited pursuit by man. He then
disappeared among the rocks after be
ing in view at a distance of twenty
feet for about a minute. The body ot
a small red squirrel was found not
far from the place, and it Is supposed
that he was a martyr to the hunger
of the mink.
Further on toward the bridge over
Walnut lane another animal was seen
larger than the mink and of a lighter
brown color. He was in too great a
hurry to allow prolonged Inspection
and he disappeared among the rocks.
An artist who saw the animal said
it was a marten.
Both these residents along the banks
of the creek are strangers to the park
guards, who are familiar with squir
rels, rabbits and chipmunks. They
J say that If the animals are not the
I work of a nature faker they mark a
j return of species indigenous to the
! historic creek, who were thought to
have been exterminated long ago when
trappers ranged the stream In search
of pelts. Philadelphia Public Ledger.
Apropos of divorce, Judge tilmon L.
Hughes ot Denver said, at a recent
"A marriage likely to end In divorce
was celebrated last week In Circle
vllle. A minister told me about it,
"And oldish man seventy or so
was led rather unwillingly to the altar
by a widow of about forty-five.
"He was- a alow-wltted old fellow,
and the minister couldn't get him to
repeat the responses properly. Fi
nally, in despair, the minister said:
" 'Look here, my friend, I really
can't marry you unless you do what
yon are told."
"But the aged bridegroom still re
mained stupid and silent, and the
bride, losing all patience with him,
shook him roughly by the arm and
" 'Go on, you old toot! Say It Bfter
htm Just as It you. were mocking
him.' "Washington Star,
HOW DOE SAVED HER FAWN.
Instance of Maternal Intelligence
Told By a French Writer.
The following anecdote is related
by M. X. Raspail. It Is worthy of
comparison with the most remarkable
Instances of the same kind.
The author one day perceived a doe
In full flight before two dogs In the
Algle'woode that form a part of the
forest of Chantllly. The doe was ac
companied by a very young fawn
which appeared quite exhausted and
ready to drop. The mother doubtless
well aware ot this, slackened her pace
and presently stopped close to soma
thick bramble bushes. She remained
some time there with lowered head as
If awaiting the onset of her pursuers.
Suddenly an idea seemed to strike
her and with a butt of the head she
tossed her fawn right Into the middle
1 of the thicket. Then first advancing
I as If to make sure It was well hidden
Bhe soon set off by rapid bounds In
; front of the dogs. The latter barking
I close upon her heels, she made a sud
, den bend and thus drew thera far from
j the spot where this Incident occurred.
! The howling of the dogs became faint
er and fainter, the valiant animal hav
ing doubtless led them two kilometers
j away Into the Canardiere peat bogs,
wuere me aogs oiten lose tne scent.
In fact later they were seen return
ing to the village in an exhausted con
dition, while the Intelligent mother
doubtless returned to the bushes to
And the little fawn she had so cleverly
hidden and placed In safety. Vulgaris-
Apportioning the Damage.
"I say, old chappie,, how much
should I tip the game keeper?"
"Well, that depends on where you
hit him." Ally Sloper's.
It Is said that a growth of Ivy ab
sorbs the moisture from a stone wall
rather than imparting It, as la popu
Preliminary Training. '
After a lawyer has demonstrated
extraordinary ability In the matter ot
keeping people from getting Justice
he is elevated to the bench for the
purpose of giving It to them. Chicago
A famous wistaria In Japan Is that ,
to be found at Kashukabe, northeast,
of Tolclo. Too vlna U 600 years old,
and grow over trelllsses covering a
pace of 4000 feet. Its pendent chis
tan are icse than EO Inches kmc.
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