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KfACTICAL ADVICE ABOUT
DIVERSIFIED FARMING ITT tiiilii i The Lack of Power. In theory the limit of production of agricultural staples In this great country is a long way oft". Wo hnvo s Tast area of soil capable of anor oioua production. This area Is far from being under complete cultiva tion. A still greater opportunity for ipaasion lies In the Increase of the yield Ier acre. In the course of time, - with sciennnc cropping, average yields of staple crops enn be doubled In this country Just as they have been In older countries. But It will tal;e tlnto to do this Just as It has taken ((vera! fenerations of men to accom plish it abroad., This talk of doubling Henna yields at once is all nonsense. It can't be done In five years nor In Un, but must be the result of years of srowth In the knowledge and ap plication of correct principles of fanning. Tho lump to be leavened with these yenrs Is n huge one and the process Is not swift. Just at this itap-o of our agricultural development expansion is limited t- a considerable extent hy the lack of new lnnd, on which the American people have de pended for two hundred years to build larger their national Ftore hourcs and to fill them. It is limited hy the fact that no large area of land can be renewed or restored in one year or in several of them. But most ol all It la limited by the lack of power. Such on assertion as this Inst may bo considered strange in view of the great development of tho science of applying power to agriculture, but. It is correct, nevertheless. Truo enough, we have Increased the mechanical power applicable to agriculture. The pKw, the cultivator, the reaper, the iresher, liorse, steam, wind, gasoline and even electricity have nil been ap pli'd. More power Is available to agriculture to-day than ever before of every kind, except one and tint Is man power. And here is the boundary of agricultural expansion to-day. Without men areas cannot bo enlarged promptly to any consid 'SpiMe extent. Without men land cannot be renewed and yields In creased. Without men all the power of a hundred Niagaras in every State would do little to expand our national storehouses. The men have gone Into other things. The older generation lias not deserted agriculture so ex tensively except as forced to do bo by advancing years or permitted to do so by success, but recent generations, as they have appeared, have gone away from the farm Into other lines of work made profitable by our won derful Industrial development. Grad ually, man power on the farm has become reduced, and much of our machinery has como In response to the demand created by Its absence. Gradually, also, It must come back if our production of agricultural staples Is to keep pnee with the growing needs of the nation. National Stock man and Farmer. Manuring ami Fertilizing Truck Crop. The Department of Agriculture re cently received a report from the Maryland Experiment Station con taining tho results of several manur ing and fertilizing experiments with truck crops In which It was Bought to bring out the relative merits of stable manure and commercial fer tiliier, plowing under commercial fer tilizer as compared with using it as a top-dressing harrowed Into the soil Just before planting the crop, heavy aad light applications of commerclnl fertilizers and of fresh and rotted manures, rotted manure turned and unturned, while In the compost bean, commercial fertilizers derived entire ly from mineral sources and those derived entirely from animal and vegetable sources, and the use of table manure as compared with com mercial fertilizer for sweet potatoes. The manures and commercial fer tilisers were used in connection with green crops turned under. As nearly ai possible, the same amount of ac tual plant food was supplied In the chemical fertilizer as was found In tbe stable manure. The results briefly summarized are as follows: "Stable manures always increased tie yields, but valued at $2 per ton did not give as much profit as com mercial fertilizer. "Fresh manure spread In winter did Bnt give as much increase as the same mount rotted and plowed down at me date In the spring. "Turning the manure while rotting better than leaving it without elng turned. "Commercial fertilizers nlowed un- er In the spring Invariably gave krger yields than when sowed on the surface Just before planting in tbe ttmmer. "About 7BQ pounds of commercial yrtllirers seemed to be mora proflt jb ,Y n three times that amount. "0 .unons crops of sweet pota- on the same land does not ap- w to be tad practice. i ''The quality of the crops, cabbage nnrt potatoes especially, ;irown upon the check plats, was of. very poor trade. "Tho soil on plats heavily dressed with mineral fertilizers does not seem to have been changed or In jured any more than where the or ganic fertilizers were applied." In the work with sweet potatoes, commercial fertilizer gave the best results for the first three years. The results as a whole, however, appear to favor the use of a combination of stable manure and commercial fer tilizer. The smaller quantity of stn ble manure (five tons per acre) pro duced almost as large a crop and gave much greater profits than larger ap plications of manure. Holds the Tow's Tall. A new and Improved contrivance for holding tho switch of a cow when the cow Is belli;? milked has been de signed by a Massachusetts man. The holder is constructed from a flat cir cular strip of spring metal, which is damped nround tho log of the attend ant. To prevent it moving a number v I Protection For the Milker. of projections are placed on the inner which engage tho trousers of the wearer. On the outer face of the strip is a spring clnnip, one end ot which is riv oted to the strip, while the opposita end is free and curved slightly out ward, so that the switch of tho aniniRl can be readily entered between the strip and the clamp. The animal Is thus unable to swish her tall In the milker's face, protecting the latter from Injury In this way. Weekly Witness. Hog Cholera. Prescription, Arsenic one-half pound, cape aloea one-liulf pound, blue vitriol one-tj Hur ler pound, black anlmony one ounce; grind and tnit well before using. Directions for Using: First. Sick hogs, In nil cases, to be separated from the well ones, and put in dry pens with five to eight large hogs In each pen. , Second. Feed nothing but dry food, no water, only slops containing the remedy, until cured, Third. When hogs refuse to eat, turn them on their backs, and then, with a long-handled spoon, put tbe dry mixture down their throats. Fourth. Dose for large hogs, one teaBpoonful three times a day for three days; then miss one day, and repeat amount until cured. Shoats or pigs, one-half the amount. Fifth. As a preventive: One tea spoonful once a week will keep hogs In a healthy condition to take on fat. You can place one well hog in a pen with 100 sick ones, and with this remedy keep lilm well. Sixth. Let no other stock but hogs have access to this remedy, as It Is to them a deadly polt-on. Treatment of Meadows'. Meadows intended to be mowed should be topdressed with rotted manure, with forty pounds of acltl phosphate per ton added to It, or, If there be no manure available, then with 350 or 400 pounds of half acid phosphate and half bone meal. After top-dressing run a bush harrow over, or, what Is better, a chain harrow should be raked oft and then a roller be run over the land. Later, when the grass has begun to grow freely, apply a top-dressing of from 100 to 250 pounds of nitrate of soda per acre, and you will get a hay crop worth cutting. Strawberry Beds. Strawberry beds should be culti vated as soon as the weather is mild and the soil dry enough to encourage growth. If the plants do not seem strong and pushing, apply a mixture ot 200 pounds of nitrate of soda, BOO pounds of acid phosphate, and 300 pounds of muriate of potash at the rate ot 400 or COO pounds per acre. Let this he worked into the soil at the crop Is cultivated. Spread the mixture down each side of the rows and not on the plants, as it Is caustl and will burn them. RAISED ABOVE SUSPICION. . Sir Hcsketh Hell, tho Governor of Uganda, recently wrote an Interest ing report of his tour through the eastern districts of that part of Africa. He gave an amusing account of the careful precautions taken by the elders of the Hnkedl in (haling with the yuuil-.i and bachelors of tho tribe: "Al though the majority of the Hakedl go about In a state of absolute nudity, a desire for clothing Is steadily growing among them," he says. "Unfor tunately, more clothes nienns less 'morals.' The Hagunda, who have always been greatly addicted to wearing apparel, are of notoriously lax habits, while among tho Kavlromlo, the Unkcdl and all the unclothed Nilotic tribes a notable degree of morality Is found to exist. A sharp eye is kept on tho - S . J? w 4 i v y , s REMOVING THU LADU1CUS TliOM TI1K HAKICDI liACIIKLOHS' HUTS AT NICHTFAI.L. bachelors. The .Northi-r:i Uakedi take aniii.-l'i;; precautions with regard to thu littler. All the yiiu;:m umsiarried men lire .made to sleep In specially constructed huts raised high up on posts. The doors of tljtse huta arc so small that the occupants have to wriggle 111 on their stomachs. Access is gained only by a ladder, which is eaivl'ully removed as toon as the young men have been safely disposed of for the night. I was told lh.it among some of the tribes fine ashes are strewn under ihese human pigeon cotes so that tell-tale, footprints would Indicate any attempt ut a nocturnal excursion." It will be noted In our drawing that one of the llakedl riders is rnirag d in strewing the ashes underneath th hut. The Illusliated London News. AIl-Metnl Waslilioaid. An all-metal washboard t nn Im proved design has recently been In vented by a New York man. The two primary advantages nf 'ho 'maid are that It Is very durable and that It has no cracks or corners where dirt may lodge. The device Is made of one piece of metal bent around a rod which forms sides, top nnd legs. The scrub sur faces aro formed by raising the metal In a series of corrugutlonii, as shown In tho Illustration. Being nil one piece of metal It will be readily un derstood that the durability of such a board would be great. There Is nothing to be loosened or torn up, and tho chances are that the utensil will last longer than the lifetime of those who use It. Another advantage of this metal washboard is the ab sence of rough corners or sharp edges, such as sometimes occur on the old-style boards, and on which it is easy to tear a garment if the great est care Is not exercised In rubbing over them. Boston Post. Herbert Spencer's Deity. This passage Is from Mr. Spencer's "First Principles:" "The consclous nees of an Inscrutable Power, mani fested to us through all phenomena, has been growing ever clearer, and must ultimately be freed from Its Imperfections. The certainty that on the one hand such a power exists, while on the other hand Its nature transcends Intuition and Is beyond Imagination, 1b the certainty toward which intelligence has from the first been progressing. To this conclusion science inevitably arrives as It reaches Its confines; while to this conclusion religion Is Irresistibly driven by criticism.. I ' L -"."- : ; : ". V:' r-W f 7 j ' ..'. V r f V ti , t I ft ..; v f 1 k V i 1 I tt"s The Japan Magazine. The Inltlnl number of the Julian Magazine, published at Tokio with English text, for the purpose of re flecting the life, art. and literature of Japan, not as a fantastic comic opera land, but. as a real country nnd peo ple, contains much of Interest to the American reader, compares favorably wilh our own magazines, and the daintiness of the numerous illustra tions by native artists is in Itself a revelation. A (iate For lleds. No cribs are required in households which are equipped with one of the bed-gates recently Invented by two Connecticut men. Nor nerd udults worry about tumbling out on the floor during nightmares. The gale Is of metal and Is composed of crossbars pivoted nt their points of Intersection i nt that, the whole can be stretched mil to the length of a bed or folded up In a small compass at the head or foot. In the centro is a vertical bur to hold the gate against, outward movement. Parents who havo small children sleeping with them will find the contrivance a great convenience. This device means a considerable suv- No Cribs Are Needed. Ing In money to families who do not have enough little members to make a crib a paying and more or less per manent Investment. A crib Is of no use after a child Is old enough to sleep without accident, and the gate here described solves the problem of how to get along without them withbut cribs, that Is. Washington Star. I DOCTOR ADVISED OPERATION CuredbyLydiaE-Piiikham's Vegetable Compound! Galena, Kans. "A year nffo bet March I fell, and a few days after there was soreness in my right side. In a short time a bunch eame and it bothered nie so much at night I could not Bleep. It kept crowing larger and liy fall it was us M WiiW ll4rRe n a ncirs egg. W J I could not Ro to Led without a hot water bot tle applied to that si.le. 1 bad one of the best doc tors in Kansas and lit) tohl rny husband that I would have to lie operated on lis it was siiineUiiiiir like a tumor coined by a rupture. I wrotn to you for advice and you toM me not 1o get discouraged but to take J.ydia !;. J'inkham s cgeianio t oinpounu. 1 did take it and soon the lump in my side, broke and passed away." Mrs. 11. It. llt'LY, 713 Mineral Ave, Galena, Kans. Lyilia E. T'inkham's Vegetablo Com pimiid, niinln from root.i and herbs, l as proved to lie tho most successful remedy for curing tlio worst forms of fenialu ills, inelmlinir displacements, liillainiiiatinii. lihroid tumors, irregu. larities, periodic pains, backache, bear-lug-clown feeling, flatulency, indiges tion, and nervous prostration. It costs but a trillo to try it. and the result lias been worth millions to many suffering women. If you want tfrtoclul ndvlee write for It to ! rs.l'Iiikhani.L.viiii.hiKS. It is lrco u ml ulvvuva lirlot ill. Hill you cun t spend It. liuy "11 AT J LK AXE" Pilous. An honest, man does not make hi:n self a dog for the sake of a bone. For I toil, Ilchlnit Fyclids. Cysts, Styrn, Falling KyehshcH nnil All Kye Tlmt N Cure, Try Murine Eye Salvo. Aseptic Tube. Trml Sire. 2. Ak Your Druggist or Writo Murine Kv Keujcily Co., (.'liicago. No Joke Either. "Yes," said a traveling man the other nU!ht, "I was once out of sight of land n tho Atlantic Ocean twen-ty-ono days." There was a small-sized crowd sit ting around. Another man spoke up. "On the Pacific Ocean one time It didn't see land for twenty-nine days," he said. A little haldheailed man knocked the ashes from his clgnr. T started across the Kaw River nt Topeka la a skiff ones," he said, ''and was out of sight of land before I reached the other side." "Aw, com off," said the man who had told the first tale. "The Kaw Isn't moTe than 300 feet wide at Topeka." "I didn't say It wa3," said the lit tle bald-headed man quickly. "The kLt turned over and I sank twloe." A Stupid Manservant. "Chals," ho drawled to his now manservant, as he settled himself comfortably In his library srmchalr for an after-dinner siesta, "you are to waken mo whenever I am thirsty," tossing off a Scotch highball as tie spoke. "But how shall I know, Sir, when yon are thirsty?" "I shall bn thirsty whenever I am roused, of course," with a look of good-natured pity for the new man's stupidity. Now York Times. Comfortrand Nevv-Streisgtli Awaltth'eTpcrsoii' wliodiscocrai that a long train of cofTec.ailcttB ,be thrown of! by using FOSTUM Sinplaceiof Coffee: JThb comfort" an3lB'trength""comff( from "a .rebuilding of.- new nerve cells by the food element? in th( roasted ywheatAijae4'-in.i'nalc28 Postum.v And the"3ief ' from 'CQfTee'ails,' come from the absence of tajfeiti -the natural drug in coffee. 'Toi..daysL,trialiiir.'8how;ahj; ritThere$ atEcasoa" for) POSTUM I.